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What is an integrated development environment? Find these and other scattered coding details here.","relatedArticles":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles?category=33610&offset=0&size=5"},"hasArticle":true,"hasBook":true,"articleCount":208,"bookCount":34},"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33610"}},"relatedCategoriesLoadedStatus":"success"},"listState":{"list":{"count":10,"total":206,"items":[{"headers":{"creationTime":"2019-03-13T01:35:22+00:00","modifiedTime":"2025-01-05T20:44:23+00:00","timestamp":"2025-01-05T21:01:13+00:00"},"data":{"breadcrumbs":[{"name":"Technology","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33512"},"slug":"technology","categoryId":33512},{"name":"Programming & Web Design","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33592"},"slug":"programming-web-design","categoryId":33592},{"name":"General Programming & Web Design","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33610"},"slug":"general-programming-web-design","categoryId":33610}],"title":"Web Coding and Development All-in-One For Dummies Cheat Sheet","strippedTitle":"web coding and development all-in-one for dummies cheat sheet","slug":"web-coding-development-cheat-sheet","canonicalUrl":"","手机搜字段擎推广调整系统":{"metaDescription":"One of the handiest features of web coding and development is that once you’ve learned a few basics, you can apply those basics to any project. A good example i","noIndex":0,"noFollow":0},"content":"One of the handiest features of web coding and development is that once you’ve learned a few basics, you can apply those basics to any project. A good example is the underlying structure of a page, which uses the same set of standard HTML tags, no matter how large or small the project. It’s also worth your time to learn how selectors work, because you use them to save you time both when you’re writing CSS rules and when you’re writing JavaScript code. Errors, too, are a fact of web coding life, so understanding the most common errors can help you debug your code faster and get back to more creative pursuits.","description":"One of the handiest features of web coding and development is that once you’ve learned a few basics, you can apply those basics to any project. A good example is the underlying structure of a page, which uses the same set of standard HTML tags, no matter how large or small the project. It’s also worth your time to learn how selectors work, because you use them to save you time both when you’re writing CSS rules and when you’re writing JavaScript code. Errors, too, are a fact of web coding life, so understanding the most common errors can help you debug your code faster and get back to more creative pursuits.","blurb":"","authors":[{"authorId":11290,"name":"Paul McFedries","slug":"paul-mcfedries","description":" <p><b>Paul McFedries</b> is a technical writer who has been authoring computer books since 1991 and has over 100 books to his credit. These books include <i>Alexa For Dummies, Amazon Fire TV For Dummies</i>, and <i>Cord Cutting For Dummies</i>. 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These books include <i>Alexa For Dummies, Amazon Fire TV For Dummies</i>, and <i>Cord Cutting For Dummies</i>. You can visit Paul on the web at www.mcfedries.com.</p>","authors":[{"authorId":11290,"name":"Paul McFedries","slug":"paul-mcfedries","description":" <p><b>Paul McFedries</b> is a technical writer who has been authoring computer books since 1991 and has over 100 books to his credit. These books include <i>Alexa For Dummies, Amazon Fire TV For Dummies</i>, and <i>Cord Cutting For Dummies</i>. You can visit Paul on the web at www.mcfedries.com.</p> ","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/11290"}}],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/books/"}},"collections":[],"articleAds":{"footerAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;technology&quot;,&quot;programming-web-design&quot;,&quot;general-programming-web-design&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9781394197026&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-65986e19e535e\"></div></div>","rightAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_right_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_right_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;technology&quot;,&quot;programming-web-design&quot;,&quot;general-programming-web-design&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9781394197026&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-65986e19e5c25\"></div></div>"},"articleType":{"articleType":"Cheat Sheet","articleList":[{"articleId":250699,"title":"Your Web Development Template","slug":"web-development-template","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/250699"}},{"articleId":250696,"title":"4 Selectors in CSS and jQuery","slug":"4-selectors-css-jquery","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/250696"}},{"articleId":250693,"title":"Top 10 JavaScript Errors","slug":"top-10-javascript-errors","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/250693"}}],"content":[{"title":"Your Web Development Template","thumb":null,"image":null,"content":"<p>All web pages start out with the same basic HTML structure, so you can get any new web development project off on the right foot by first laying down that foundation. You can do this most easily by creating a template file that you can copy for each new web coding project. Here are the HTML tags to add to your template:</p>\n<pre class=\"code\">&lt;!DOCTYPE html&gt;\r\n&lt;html lang=\"en\"&gt;\r\n&lt;head&gt;\r\n &lt;meta charset=\"utf-8\"&gt;\r\n &lt;meta name=\"viewport\" content=\"width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0\"&gt;\r\n &lt;title&gt;&lt;/title&gt;\r\n &lt;link href=\"styles.css\" rel=\"stylesheet\"&gt;\r\n &lt;script src=\"code.js\" defer&gt;&lt;/script&gt;\r\n&lt;/head&gt;\r\n&lt;body&gt;\r\n &lt;header&gt;\r\n &lt;/header&gt;\r\n &lt;nav&gt;\r\n &lt;/nav&gt;\r\n &lt;main&gt;\r\n &lt;article&gt;\r\n &lt;/article&gt;\r\n &lt;aside&gt;\r\n &lt;/aside&gt;\r\n &lt;/main&gt;\r\n &lt;footer&gt;\r\n &lt;/footer&gt;\r\n&lt;/body&gt;\r\n&lt;/html&gt;\r\n</pre>\n<p class=\"article-tips remember\">For the <code>&lt;link&gt;</code> and <code>&lt;script&gt;</code> tags, be sure to adjust the filenames as needed, and be sure to add the path to each file if you’ve stored the files in subdirectories.</p>\n"},{"title":"Selectors in CSS and JavaScript","thumb":null,"image":null,"content":"<p>Both CSS and JavaScript save you oodles of time by making it easy to format and program page elements. These two technologies become even more powerful when you use selectors to specify which elements you want to work with:</p>\n<p>* <strong>The class selector:</strong> If you’ve use the <code>class</code> attribute to assign a class name to one or more page elements, you can target those elements by using a <em>class selector</em>:</p>\n<p>HTML:</p>\n<pre class=\"code\">&lt;<em>element</em> class=\"<em>class-name</em>\"&gt;</pre>\n<p>CSS:</p>\n<pre class=\"code\">.<em>class-name</em> {\r\n\r\n <em>property1</em>: <em>value1</em>;\r\n\r\n <em>property2</em>: <em>value2</em>;\r\n\r\n etc.\r\n\r\n}</pre>\n<p>JavaScript:</p>\n<pre class=\"code\">document.querySelector('.<em>class-name</em>')</pre>\n<p>or:</p>\n<pre class=\"code\">document.querySelectorAll('.<em>class-name</em>')</pre>\n<p>* <strong>The id selector:</strong> If you’ve use the <code>id</code> attribute to assign an ID to a page element, you can target that element by using an <em>id selector</em>:</p>\n<p>HTML:</p>\n<pre class=\"code\">&lt;<em>element</em> id=\"<em>id-name</em>\"&gt;</pre>\n<p>CSS:</p>\n<pre class=\"code\">#<em>id-name</em> {\r\n\r\n <em>property1</em>: <em>value1</em>;\r\n\r\n <em>property2</em>: <em>value2</em>;\r\n\r\n etc.\r\n\r\n}</pre>\n<p>JavaScript:</p>\n<pre class=\"code\">document.querySelector('#<em>id-name</em>')</pre>\n<p>* <strong>The descendant combinator:</strong> To target every element that is contained in (that is, is a descendant of) a specified ancestor element, use the <em>descendant combinator</em> (a space):</p>\n<p>CSS:</p>\n<pre class=\"code\"><em>ancestor</em> <em>descendant</em> {\r\n\r\n <em>property1</em>: <em>value1</em>;\r\n\r\n <em>property2</em>: <em>value2</em>;\r\n\r\n etc.\r\n\r\n}</pre>\n<p>JavaScript:</p>\n<pre class=\"code\">document.querySelector('<em>ancestor</em> <em>descendant</em>')</pre>\n<p>or:</p>\n<pre class=\"code\">document.querySelectorAll('<em>ancestor</em> <em>descendant</em>')</pre>\n<p>* <strong>The child combinator:</strong> To target every element that resides one level below (that is, is a child of) a specified parent element, use the <em>child combinator</em>:</p>\n<p>CSS:</p>\n<pre class=\"code\"><em>parent</em> &gt; <em>child</em> {\r\n\r\n <em>property1</em>: <em>value1</em>;\r\n\r\n <em>property2</em>: <em>value2</em>;\r\n\r\netc.\r\n\r\n}</pre>\n<p>JavaScript:</p>\n<pre class=\"code\">document.querySelector('<em>parent &gt; child</em>')</pre>\n<p>or:</p>\n<pre class=\"code\">document.querySelectorAll('<em>parent &gt; child</em>')</pre>\n<p>* <strong>The subsequent-sibling combinator:</strong> To target every element that appears in the HTML after a specified reference element and is a sibling of that element, use the <em>subsequent-sibling combinator</em>:</p>\n<p>CSS:</p>\n<pre class=\"code\"><em>reference </em>~<em> target</em> {\r\n\r\n <em>property1</em>: <em>value1</em>;\r\n\r\n <em>property2</em>: <em>value2</em>;\r\n\r\n etc.\r\n\r\n}</pre>\n<p>JavaScript:</p>\n<pre class=\"code\">document.querySelector('<em>reference ~ target</em>)</pre>\n<p>or:</p>\n<pre class=\"code\">document.querySelectorAll('<em>reference ~ target</em>')</pre>\n<p>* <strong>The next-sibling combinator:</strong> To target the next sibling that comes after a reference element, use the <em>next-sibling combinator</em>:</p>\n<p>CSS:</p>\n<pre class=\"code\"><em>reference </em>+<em> target</em> {\r\n\r\n <em>property1</em>: <em>value1</em>;\r\n\r\n <em>property2</em>: <em>value2</em>;\r\n\r\n etc.\r\n\r\n}</pre>\n<p>JavaScript:</p>\n<pre class=\"code\">document.querySelector('<em>reference </em>+<em> target</em>')</pre>\n<p>or:</p>\n<pre class=\"code\">document.querySelectorAll('<em>reference </em>+<em> target</em>')</pre>\n"},{"title":"Top 10 JavaScript Errors","thumb":null,"image":null,"content":"<p>When you encounter a script problem, the first thing you should do is examine your code for the most common errors. To help you do that, here’s a list of the 10 most common errors made by both beginning and experienced programmers:</p>\n<ul>\n<li><strong>JavaScript keywords as variable names:</strong> JavaScript has many reserved words and keywords built into the language, so it’s common to accidentally use one of these words as a variable or function name. Double-check your names to make sure you’re not using any reserved words or the names of any objects, properties, or methods.</li>\n<li><strong>Misspelled variables and other names:</strong> Check your variable and function names to make sure you spell them consistently throughout the script. Also, check the spelling of the objects, properties, and methods you use.</li>\n<li><strong>Misused uppercase and lowercase letters:</strong> JavaScript is a <em>case-sensitive</em> language, which means that it treats each letter differently depending on whether it’s uppercase or lowercase. For example, consider the following two statements:\n<pre class=\"code\">const firstName = \"Millicent\";\r\nconst message = \"Welcome \" + firstname;\r\n</pre>\n<p>The first statement declares a variable named <code>firstName</code>, but the second statement uses <code>firstname</code>. This code would generate the error <code>firstname is not defined</code> (or something similar, depending on the browser) because to JavaScript, <code>firstname</code> is a different (and uninitialized) variable.</li>\n<li><strong>Mismatched quotation marks:</strong> In any statement where you began a string literal with a quotation mark (<code>\"</code> or <code>'</code>), always check to make sure that you included the corresponding closing quotation mark at the end of the string. Also, check to see if you used one or more instances of the same quotation mark within the string. If so, edit the string to use the proper escape sequence (<code>\\\"</code> or <code>\\'</code>), instead:\n<pre class=\"code\">// Bad\r\nconst myString = \"There are no \"bad\" programs.\";\r\n\t\r\n// Better\r\nconst myString = \"There are no \\\"bad\\\" programs.\";\r\n\r\n// Best\r\nconst myString = `There are no \"bad\" programs.`;</pre>\n</li>\n<li><strong>Mismatched parentheses:</strong> Look for statements that contain a left parenthesis — <code>(</code> — and make sure there’s a corresponding right parentheses — <code>)</code>. This also applies to square brackets — <code>[</code> and <code>]</code>.\n<p class=\"article-tips tip\">For complex expressions that include three or more sets of parentheses, a quick match-up check is to count the number of left parentheses in the expression, and then count the number of right parentheses. If these numbers don’t match, then you know you have a mismatch somewhere in the expression.</p>\n</li>\n<li><strong>Missed parentheses after function names:</strong> Speaking of parentheses, if your script calls a function or method that doesn’t take any arguments, check that you included the parentheses — <code>( )</code> — after the name of the function or method:\n<pre class=\"code\">function tryThis() {\r\n alert(\"Parentheses travel in pairs!\");\r\n}\r\n\r\n// This won't work\r\ntryThis;\r\n\r\n// This will\r\ntryThis();</pre>\n</li>\n<li><strong>Improper use of braces:</strong> JavaScript uses braces to mark the start (<code>{</code>) and end (<code>}</code>) of statement blocks associated with functions, tests involving <code>if()</code> and <code>switch()</code>, and loops, including <code>for()</code>, <code>while()</code>, and <code>do...while()</code>. It’s very easy to miss one or both braces in a block, and it’s even easier to get the braces mixed up when nesting one test or loop inside another. Double-check your braces to make sure each block has both an opening and a closing brace.\n<p class=\"article-tips tip\">One way to ensure that you don’t miss any braces is to position them consistently throughout your script. For example, many people prefer to use the traditional style for brace positions:</p>\n<pre class=\"code\">keyword {\r\n statements\r\n}</pre>\n<p>(Here, <em><code>keyword</code> </em>means the statement — such as function or <code>if()</code> — that defines the block.) If you prefer this style, use it all through your script so that you know exactly where to look for each brace.</p>\n<p>An easy way to ensure that you never forget a closing brace is to enter it immediately after entering the opening brace. That is, you type <code>{</code>, press Enter twice, and then type <code>}</code>.</p>\n<p>Also, use indentation consistently for the statements within the block. This makes it much easier to see the braces, particularly when you have one block nested within another.</li>\n<li><strong>Using <code>=</code> or <code>==</code> instead of <code>===</code>:</strong> The identity operator (<code>===</code>) is one of the least intuitive JavaScript features because the assignment operator (<code>=</code>) feels so much more natural. The equality operator (<code>==</code>) can cause problems because it often converts the data types before making the comparison. Therefore, check all your comparison expressions to make sure you always use <code>===</code> instead of <code>=</code> or <code>==</code>.</li>\n<li><strong>Conflicts between local and global variables</strong><strong>:</strong> A global variable is available throughout the entire page, even within functions. So, within a function, make sure that you don’t declare and use a variable that has the same name as a global variable.</li>\n<li><strong>The use of a page element before it’s loaded</strong><strong>:</strong> JavaScript runs through a page’s HTML one line at a time and checks the syntax of each JavaScript statement as it comes to it. If your code refers to an element (such as a form field) that JavaScript hasn’t come to yet, it generates an error. Therefore, if your code deals with an element, always place the script after the element in the HTML file.</li>\n</ul>\n"}],"videoInfo":{"videoId":null,"name":null,"accountId":null,"playerId":null,"thumbnailUrl":null,"description":null,"uploadDate":null}},"sponsorship":{"sponsorshipPage":false,"backgroundImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"brandingLine":"","brandingLink":"","brandingLogo":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"sponsorAd":"","sponsorEbookTitle":"","sponsorEbookLink":"","sponsorEbookImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0}},"primaryLearningPath":"Advance","lifeExpectancy":"Two years","lifeExpectancySetFrom":"2025-01-05T00:00:00+00:00","dummiesForKids":"no","sponsoredContent":"no","adInfo":"","adPairKey":[]},"status":"publish","visibility":"public","articleId":250703},{"headers":{"creationTime":"2017-03-27T16:51:46+00:00","modifiedTime":"2024-11-13T14:37:39+00:00","timestamp":"2024-11-13T15:01:10+00:00"},"data":{"breadcrumbs":[{"name":"Technology","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33512"},"slug":"technology","categoryId":33512},{"name":"Programming & Web Design","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33592"},"slug":"programming-web-design","categoryId":33592},{"name":"General Programming & Web Design","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33610"},"slug":"general-programming-web-design","categoryId":33610}],"title":"Building Websites All-in-One For Dummies Cheat Sheet","strippedTitle":"building websites all-in-one for dummies cheat sheet","slug":"building-websites-all-in-one-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","canonicalUrl":"","手机搜字段擎推广调整系统":{"metaDescription":"Note: The following cheat sheet is from Building Websites All-in-One For Dummies which published in 2012; therefore, this content may be outdated. For more curr","noIndex":1,"noFollow":0},"content":"Note: The following cheat sheet is from <em>Building Websites All-in-One For Dummies</em> which published in 2012; therefore, this content may be outdated. For more current information on website building, please see <a href=\"//www.coursofppt.com/book/technology/programming-web-design/general-programming-web-design/html-css-javascript-all-in-one-for-dummies-299520/\">HTML, CSS, & JavaScript All-in-One For Dummies</a>.\r\n\r\nWhether complex or simple, websites require that you make decisions — such as color, theme, and tone — and that you juggle many pieces of the project — like code, style sheets, and graphics. Knowing which resources to turn to for help implementing HTML5, and a few key points about incorporating graphics and video, can help you.","description":"Note: The following cheat sheet is from <em>Building Websites All-in-One For Dummies</em> which published in 2012; therefore, this content may be outdated. For more current information on website building, please see <a href=\"//www.coursofppt.com/book/technology/programming-web-design/general-programming-web-design/html-css-javascript-all-in-one-for-dummies-299520/\">HTML, CSS, & JavaScript All-in-One For Dummies</a>.\r\n\r\nWhether complex or simple, websites require that you make decisions — such as color, theme, and tone — and that you juggle many pieces of the project — like code, style sheets, and graphics. Knowing which resources to turn to for help implementing HTML5, and a few key points about incorporating graphics and video, can help you.","blurb":"","authors":[{"authorId":9574,"name":"David Karlins","slug":"david-karlins","description":" <p>David Karlins is a web design professional and author who's written over 50 books and created video training on top web design tools. Doug Sahlin is the coauthor of <i>Social Media Marketing All-in-One For Dummies</i> and author of <i>Digital Landscape &amp; Nature Photography For Dummies</i>.</p>","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/9574"}},{"authorId":9229,"name":"Doug Sahlin","slug":"doug-sahlin","description":" <p><b>Joe Hutsko</b> has been writing about computers, gadgets, and video games for over 20 years. <b>Barbara Boyd</b> is coauthor with Joe of three editions of <i>iPhone All&#45;in&#45;One For Dummies</i>. <b>Jesse Feiler</b> writes apps and books about building and using apps. <b>Doug Sahlin</b> is the author of more than 20 how&#45;to books, many of them bestsellers. ","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/9229"}}],"primaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":33610,"title":"General Programming & Web Design","slug":"general-programming-web-design","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33610"}},"secondaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"tertiaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"trendingArticles":null,"inThisArticle":[],"relatedArticles":{"fromBook":[],"fromCategory":[{"articleId":299575,"title":"HTML, CSS, & JavaScript All-in-One For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"html-css-javascript-all-in-one-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/299575"}},{"articleId":265680,"title":"Using DevOps To Improve Engineering","slug":"tips-for-improving-engineering-performance-with-devops","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/265680"}},{"articleId":265675,"title":"How To Automate DevOps in the Cloud","slug":"make-more-of-your-cloud-tools-automating-devops-in-the-cloud","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/265675"}},{"articleId":265672,"title":"How To Choose a Cloud Service Provider for DevOps","slug":"choosing-the-best-cloud-service-provider-features-and-tools-for-devops","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/265672"}},{"articleId":265664,"title":"How to Form DevOps Teams in Your Organization","slug":"how-to-form-devops-teams-in-your-organization","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/265664"}}]},"hasRelatedBookFromSearch":false,"relatedBook":{"bookId":292544,"slug":"building-websites-all-in-one-for-dummies","isbn":"9781118270035","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"amazon":{"default":"//www.amazon.com/gp/product/1118270037/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","ca":"//www.amazon.ca/gp/product/1118270037/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","indigo_ca":"//www.tkqlhce.com/click-9208661-13710633?url=//www.chapters.indigo.ca/en-ca/books/product/1118270037-item.html&cjsku=978111945484","gb":"//www.amazon.co.uk/gp/product/1118270037/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","de":"//www.amazon.de/gp/product/1118270037/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20"},"image":{"src":"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/building-websites-all-in-one-for-dummies-book-cover-9781118270035-202x255.jpg","width":202,"height":255},"title":"Building Websites All-in-One For Dummies","testBankPinActivationLink":"","bookOutOfPrint":false,"authorsInfo":"<p>David Karlins is a web design professional and author who's written over 50 books and created video training on top web design tools. Doug Sahlin is the coauthor of <i>Social Media Marketing All-in-One For Dummies</i> and author of <i>Digital Landscape &amp; Nature Photography For Dummies</i>.</p>","authors":[{"authorId":9574,"name":"David Karlins","slug":"david-karlins","description":" <p>David Karlins is a web design professional and author who's written over 50 books and created video training on top web design tools. Doug Sahlin is the coauthor of <i>Social Media Marketing All-in-One For Dummies</i> and author of <i>Digital Landscape &amp; Nature Photography For Dummies</i>.</p>","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/9574"}},{"authorId":9229,"name":"Doug Sahlin","slug":"doug-sahlin","description":" <p><b>Joe Hutsko</b> has been writing about computers, gadgets, and video games for over 20 years. <b>Barbara Boyd</b> is coauthor with Joe of three editions of <i>iPhone All&#45;in&#45;One For Dummies</i>. <b>Jesse Feiler</b> writes apps and books about building and using apps. <b>Doug Sahlin</b> is the author of more than 20 how&#45;to books, many of them bestsellers. ","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/9229"}}],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/books/"}},"collections":[],"articleAds":{"footerAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;technology&quot;,&quot;programming-web-design&quot;,&quot;general-programming-web-design&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9781118270035&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-65523a3778476\"></div></div>","rightAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_right_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_right_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;technology&quot;,&quot;programming-web-design&quot;,&quot;general-programming-web-design&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9781118270035&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-65523a377a165\"></div></div>"},"articleType":{"articleType":"Cheat Sheet","articleList":[{"articleId":174684,"title":"Online Resources for Building Websites","slug":"online-resources-for-building-websites","categoryList":[],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/174684"}},{"articleId":174683,"title":"Reminders for Preparing Web Graphics and Video","slug":"reminders-for-preparing-web-graphics-and-video","categoryList":[],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/174683"}}],"content":[{"title":"Online Resources for Building Websites","thumb":null,"image":null,"content":"<p>Amidst all the clutter on the web lie valuable free online resources for building essential elements of an inviting and accessible website. So that you don’t have to sift through the clutter, here are some of the best.</p>\n<p><a href=\"//www.w3schools.com/\">W3schools.com</a> provides the most extensive online library of code resources, but that library can be overwhelming. The following links take you to some useful landing points to get started:</p>\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\">Instructions on <a href=\"//www.w3schools.com/html/\">creating a basic HTML page</a></p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\">Tutorials on building <a href=\"//www.w3schools.com/html/html_css.asp\">inline, internal, and external CSS</a></p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\">Basic <a href=\"//www.w3schools.com/css/css_howto.asp\">CSS parameters, syntax, and instructions</a> for adding CSS to web pages</p>\n</li>\n</ul>\n"},{"title":"Reminders for Preparing Web Graphics and Video","thumb":null,"image":null,"content":"<p>Websites without graphics are almost non-existent these days. When you create graphics, optimize images, or prepare video for a website, the results have to be sharp, detailed, and fast loading. Three popular forms of graphics you use on a website are photo-realistic images, images such as logos with large areas of solid color, and images that are a combination of images and text. Here are some friendly reminders for creating and optimizing graphics for websites:</p>\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b></b>Optimize photo-realistic images using the JPEG format.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b></b>Optimize images with large areas of solid color using the GIF format.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b></b>When optimizing graphics that have text overlaid on a photorealistic image, create separate slices for the areas of the image that are photorealistic, and create additional slices for the areas of the image that contain text. Export the areas containing text using the GIF format, and export the photo-realistic areas of the image using the JPEG format.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b></b>For high quality JPEG images, use a quality setting of 70 when exporting. For smaller JPEG images, you can get by with a quality setting of 50.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b></b>If you’re creating a photo gallery for a product, or for a photographer, export the images in the JPEG format with a quality setting of 80.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b></b>When compressing images using the JPEG format, pay careful attention to the edges of objects in the image. When you begin to see pixels, or the edges lack definition, you’ve compressed the image too far.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b></b>When exporting images using the GIF file format, use the least number of colors that yields a crisp image and you’ll have a fast loading image.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b></b>When you resample images for websites, the maximum resolution you need is 72 pixels per inch.</p>\n</li>\n</ul>\n<p>Websites with no video are becoming rarer. Video is everywhere on the Internet: for entertainment, in ads, to promote rock stars and other artists. When video is well done, it’s a thing of beauty. However there are some things you need to consider when adding video to a web page:</p>\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Video takes up lots of bandwith. </b>If the bandwidth for a website is exceeded, the charge can be rather costly. Instead of hosting video on a website, upload it to YouTube, and then embed the video in a webpage or blog.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Don’t violate copyright laws. </b>Don’t copy video from other websites, or other people’s YouTube videos and use them on your website.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Check the license: </b>If you do use a video from a supplier or manufacturer on a commercial website, make sure you are covered by the supplier or manufacturer’s license.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Use a high quality camcorder to record video: </b>No, an iPhone is not a high quality camcorder. If you encode poor quality video for the web, you get poor quality video. Remember the old axiom: Garbage in, garbage out.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Make sure the website viewers have the necessary plug-ins to view the video. </b></p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>If you create HTML5 pages with video, make sure the intended audience for the site uses HTML5-compliant browsers.</b></p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Don’t use transitions when you edit multiple video clips to create a video for the web.</b> Video transitions look great on HD video, but don’t look good when you encode a video for the web.</p>\n</li>\n</ul>\n"}],"videoInfo":{"videoId":null,"name":null,"accountId":null,"playerId":null,"thumbnailUrl":null,"description":null,"uploadDate":null}},"sponsorship":{"sponsorshipPage":false,"backgroundImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"brandingLine":"","brandingLink":"","brandingLogo":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"sponsorAd":"","sponsorEbookTitle":"","sponsorEbookLink":"","sponsorEbookImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0}},"primaryLearningPath":"Advance","lifeExpectancy":"Six months","lifeExpectancySetFrom":"2024-11-08T00:00:00+00:00","dummiesForKids":"no","sponsoredContent":"no","adInfo":"","adPairKey":[]},"status":"publish","visibility":"public","articleId":208262},{"headers":{"creationTime":"2024-07-05T17:09:19+00:00","modifiedTime":"2024-09-25T18:56:27+00:00","timestamp":"2024-09-25T21:01:03+00:00"},"data":{"breadcrumbs":[{"name":"Technology","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33512"},"slug":"technology","categoryId":33512},{"name":"Programming & Web Design","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33592"},"slug":"programming-web-design","categoryId":33592},{"name":"General Programming & Web Design","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33610"},"slug":"general-programming-web-design","categoryId":33610}],"title":"HTML, CSS, & JavaScript All-in-One For Dummies Cheat Sheet","strippedTitle":"html, css, & javascript all-in-one for dummies cheat sheet","slug":"html-css-javascript-all-in-one-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","canonicalUrl":"","手机搜字段擎推广调整系统":{"metaDescription":"This Cheat Sheet has handy info you can use when learning the basics of HTML, CSS, and JavaScript, including ready-to-go HTML templates.","noIndex":0,"noFollow":0},"content":"One of the bonuses you get when you tackle HTML, CSS, and JavaScript is that after you learn a few basics, you can apply those basics to any project. A good example is the underlying structure of a page, which uses the same set of standard HTML tags, no matter how large or small the project.\r\n\r\nIt’s also worth your time to learn the most powerful CSS selectors, because you use those selectors all the time to speed up your work when you’re writing rules.\r\n\r\nProgramming errors, too, are a fact of web coding life, so understanding the most useful JavaScript debugging strategies can help you fix your code faster and get back to more creative pursuits.","description":"One of the bonuses you get when you tackle HTML, CSS, and JavaScript is that after you learn a few basics, you can apply those basics to any project. A good example is the underlying structure of a page, which uses the same set of standard HTML tags, no matter how large or small the project.\r\n\r\nIt’s also worth your time to learn the most powerful CSS selectors, because you use those selectors all the time to speed up your work when you’re writing rules.\r\n\r\nProgramming errors, too, are a fact of web coding life, so understanding the most useful JavaScript debugging strategies can help you fix your code faster and get back to more creative pursuits.","blurb":"","authors":[{"authorId":11290,"name":"Paul McFedries","slug":"paul-mcfedries","description":" <p><b>Paul McFedries</b> is the owner of Logophilia Limited, a successful technical writing firm. He has 25 years&#8217; experience writing instructional computer books and is the author of over 100 books that have sold a combined 4 million copies worldwide.</p> ","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/11290"}}],"primaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":33610,"title":"General Programming & Web Design","slug":"general-programming-web-design","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33610"}},"secondaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"tertiaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"trendingArticles":null,"inThisArticle":[],"relatedArticles":{"fromBook":[],"fromCategory":[{"articleId":265680,"title":"Using DevOps To Improve Engineering","slug":"tips-for-improving-engineering-performance-with-devops","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/265680"}},{"articleId":265675,"title":"How To Automate DevOps in the Cloud","slug":"make-more-of-your-cloud-tools-automating-devops-in-the-cloud","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/265675"}},{"articleId":265672,"title":"How To Choose a Cloud Service Provider for DevOps","slug":"choosing-the-best-cloud-service-provider-features-and-tools-for-devops","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/265672"}},{"articleId":265664,"title":"How to Form DevOps Teams in Your Organization","slug":"how-to-form-devops-teams-in-your-organization","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/265664"}},{"articleId":265656,"title":"Moving to DevOps Processes: From a Line to a Circuit","slug":"moving-to-devops-processes-from-a-line-to-a-circuit","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/265656"}}]},"hasRelatedBookFromSearch":false,"relatedBook":{"bookId":299520,"slug":"html-css-javascript-all-in-one-for-dummies","isbn":"9781394164684","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"amazon":{"default":"//www.amazon.com/gp/product/1394164688/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","ca":"//www.amazon.ca/gp/product/1394164688/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","indigo_ca":"//www.tkqlhce.com/click-9208661-13710633?url=//www.chapters.indigo.ca/en-ca/books/product/1394164688-item.html&cjsku=978111945484","gb":"//www.amazon.co.uk/gp/product/1394164688/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","de":"//www.amazon.de/gp/product/1394164688/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20"},"image":{"src":"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/html-css-javascript-all-in-one-for-dummies-9781394164684-203x255.jpg","width":203,"height":255},"title":"HTML, CSS, & JavaScript All-in-One For Dummies","testBankPinActivationLink":"","bookOutOfPrint":true,"authorsInfo":"<p><b><b data-author-id=\"11290\">Paul McFedries</b></b> is the owner of Logophilia Limited, a successful technical writing firm. He has 25 years&#8217; experience writing instructional computer books and is the author of over 100 books that have sold a combined 4 million copies worldwide.</p>","authors":[{"authorId":11290,"name":"Paul McFedries","slug":"paul-mcfedries","description":" <p><b>Paul McFedries</b> is the owner of Logophilia Limited, a successful technical writing firm. He has 25 years&#8217; experience writing instructional computer books and is the author of over 100 books that have sold a combined 4 million copies worldwide.</p> ","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/11290"}}],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/books/"}},"collections":[],"articleAds":{"footerAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;technology&quot;,&quot;programming-web-design&quot;,&quot;general-programming-web-design&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9781394164684&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-6511f50f42930\"></div></div>","rightAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_right_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_right_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;technology&quot;,&quot;programming-web-design&quot;,&quot;general-programming-web-design&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9781394164684&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-6511f50f42e7d\"></div></div>"},"articleType":{"articleType":"Cheat Sheet","articleList":[{"articleId":0,"title":"","slug":null,"categoryList":[],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/"}}],"content":[{"title":"Your ready-to-roll HTML template","thumb":null,"image":null,"content":"<p>All web pages use more or less the same basic HTML structure. This means you can get any new web project off on the right foot by first laying down a solid foundation that includes valid HTML and semantic page tags.</p>\n<p>Rather than create this foundation from scratch each time, you can save yourself some time along with wear and tear on your typing fingers by creating a template file that you can copy for each new project.</p>\n<p>To get you started, here are the HTML tags to add to your template:</p>\n<pre class=\"code\">&lt;!doctype html&gt;\r\n&lt;html lang=\"en\"&gt;\r\n &lt;head&gt;\r\n &lt;meta charset=\"utf-8\"&gt;\r\n &lt;meta name=\"viewport\" content=\"width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0\"&gt;\r\n &lt;title&gt;Barebones HTML Template&lt;/title&gt;\r\n &lt;style&gt;\r\n /*\r\n * Put your internal styles here or replace with\r\n * &lt;link href=\"filename.css\" rel=\"stylesheet\"&gt;\r\n */\r\n &lt;/style&gt;\r\n &lt;/head&gt;\r\n &lt;body&gt;\r\n &lt;header&gt;\r\n &lt;h1&gt;Site Title&lt;/h1&gt;\r\n &lt;/header&gt;\r\n &lt;nav&gt;\r\n Navigation links\r\n &lt;/nav&gt;\r\n &lt;main&gt;\r\n &lt;article&gt;\r\n &lt;h2&gt;Article Title&lt;/h2&gt;\r\n &lt;/article&gt;\r\n &lt;aside&gt;\r\n &lt;h3&gt;Aside Title&lt;/h3&gt;\r\n &lt;/aside&gt;\r\n &lt;/main&gt;\r\n &lt;footer&gt;\r\n Footer stuff\r\n &lt;/footer&gt;\r\n &lt;script&gt;\r\n /*\r\n * Your internal JavaScript goes here.\r\n * Alternatively, replace with\r\n * &lt;script src=\"filename.js\"&gt;&lt;/script&gt;\r\n */\r\n &lt;/script&gt; \r\n &lt;/body&gt;\r\n&lt;/html&gt;\r\n</pre>\n<p class=\"article-tips remember\">For the &lt;link&gt; and &lt;script&gt; tags, be sure to adjust the filenames as needed, and be sure to add the path to each file if you’ve stored them in subdirectories.</p>\n"},{"title":"15 must-know CSS selectors","thumb":null,"image":null,"content":"<p>CSS saves you oodles of time by making it easy to style page elements. CSS becomes even more powerful when you use selectors to specify which elements you want to work with.</p>\n<p>Here are the selectors you need to tape to your cat’s forehead so that they’re always handy:</p>\n<h3><strong>The class selector</strong></h3>\n<p>If you’ve used the <em>class</em> attribute to assign a class name to one or more page elements, you can target those elements by using a <em>class selector</em>:</p>\n<p>HTML:</p>\n<pre class=\"code\"> &lt;<em>element</em> class=\"<em>class-name</em>\"&gt;\r\n</pre>\n<p>CSS:</p>\n<pre class=\"code\"> .<em>class-name</em> {\r\n <em>property1</em>: <em>value1</em>;\r\n <em>property2</em>: <em>value2</em>;\r\n etc.\r\n }\r\n</pre>\n<h3><strong>The id selector</strong></h3>\n<p>If you’ve used the <em>id</em> attribute to assign an ID to a page element, you can target that element by using an <em>id selector:</em></p>\n<p>HTML:</p>\n<pre class=\"code\"> &lt;<em>element</em> id=\"<em>id-name</em>\"&gt;\r\n</pre>\n<p>CSS:</p>\n<pre class=\"code\"> #<em>id-name</em> {\r\n <em>property1</em>: <em>value1</em>;\r\n <em>property2</em>: <em>value2</em>;\r\n etc.\r\n }\r\n</pre>\n<h3><strong>The type selector</strong></h3>\n<p>To target every element that uses a particular element name (such as <em>header</em> or <em>div</em>), use the <em>type selector:</em></p>\n<pre class=\"code\"> <em>element</em> {\r\n <em>property1</em>: <em>value1</em>;\r\n <em>property2</em>: <em>value2</em>;\r\n etc.\r\n }\r\n</pre>\n<h3><strong>The attribute equals selector</strong></h3>\n<p>To target every instance of an element that uses an attribute with a specified value, use the <em>attribute equals selector:</em></p>\n<pre class=\"code\"> <em>element</em>[<em>attr</em>=\"<em>value</em>\"] {\r\n <em>property1</em>: <em>value1</em>;\r\n <em>property2</em>: <em>value2</em>;\r\n etc.\r\n }\r\n</pre>\n<h3><strong>The descendant combinator</strong></h3>\n<p>To target every element that’s contained within (that is, is a descendant of) a specified ancestor element, use the <em>descendant combinator</em> (a space):</p>\n<pre class=\"code\"> <em>ancestor</em> <em>descendant</em> {\r\n <em>property1</em>: <em>value1</em>;\r\n <em>property2</em>: <em>value2</em>;\r\n etc.\r\n }\r\n</pre>\n<h3><strong>The child combinator</strong></h3>\n<p>To target every element that resides one level below (that is, is a child of) a specified parent element, use the <em>child combinator</em> (&gt;):</p>\n<pre class=\"code\"> <em>parent</em> &gt; <em>child</em> {\r\n <em>property1</em>: <em>value1</em>;\r\n <em>property2</em>: <em>value2</em>;\r\n etc.\r\n }\r\n</pre>\n<h3><strong>The subsequent-sibling combinator</strong></h3>\n<p>To target every sibling element that follows a reference element, use the <em>subsequent-sibling combinator</em> (~):</p>\n<pre class=\"code\"> <em>reference </em>~<em> target</em> {\r\n <em>property1</em>: <em>value1</em>;\r\n <em>property2</em>: <em>value2</em>;\r\n etc.\r\n }\r\n</pre>\n<h3><strong>The next-sibling combinator</strong></h3>\n<p>To target the sibling element that comes immediately after a reference element, use the <em>next-sibling combinator</em> (+):</p>\n<pre class=\"code\"> <em>reference </em>+<em> target</em> {\r\n <em>property1</em>: <em>value1</em>;\r\n <em>property2</em>: <em>value2</em>;\r\n etc.\r\n }\r\n</pre>\n<h3><strong>The first-child or last-child pseudo-classes</strong></h3>\n<p>To target any child element that’s the first or last of a parent element’s children, use the <em>first-child </em>or <em>last-child pseudo-class</em>:</p>\n<pre class=\"code\"> <em>element</em>:first-child {\r\n <em>element</em>:last-child {\r\n <em>property1</em>: <em>value1</em>;\r\n <em>property2</em>: <em>value2</em>;\r\n etc.\r\n }\r\n</pre>\n<h3><strong>The nth-child or nth-last-child pseudo-class</strong></h3>\n<p>To target any child element that’s the nth or nth-last of a parent element’s children, use the <em>nth-child </em>or <em>nth-last-child pseudo-class</em>:</p>\n<pre class=\"code\"> <em>element</em>:nth-child(<em>n</em>) {\r\n <em>element</em>:nth-last-child(<em>n</em>) {\r\n <em>property1</em>: <em>value1</em>;\r\n <em>property2</em>: <em>value2</em>;\r\n etc.\r\n }\r\n</pre>\n<h3><strong>The </strong><strong>:is() </strong><strong>pseudo-class</strong></h3>\n<p>To target elements that match any of the selectors in a specified selector list and where the overall specificity of the selector is the highest weight of the items in the selector list, use the<strong> :is() </strong>pseudo-class:</p>\n<pre class=\"code\"> <em>element</em>:is(<em>selector-list</em>) {\r\n <em>property1</em>: <em>value1</em>;\r\n <em>property2</em>: <em>value2</em>;\r\n etc.\r\n }\r\n</pre>\n<h3><strong>The </strong><strong>:where() </strong><strong>pseudo-class </strong></h3>\n<p>To target elements that match any of the selectors in a specified selector list and where the overall specificity of the selector is 0, use the :where() pseudo-class:</p>\n<pre class=\"code\"> <em>element</em>:where(<em>selector-list</em>) {\r\n <em>property1</em>: <em>value1</em>;\r\n <em>property2</em>: <em>value2</em>;\r\n etc.\r\n }\r\n</pre>\n<h3><strong>The :not() pseudo-class </strong></h3>\n<p>To target elements that don’t match any of the selectors in a specified selector list, use the :not() pseudo-class:</p>\n<pre class=\"code\"> <em>element</em>:not(<em>selector-list</em>) {\r\n <em>property1</em>: <em>value1</em>;\r\n <em>property2</em>: <em>value2</em>;\r\n etc.\r\n }\r\n</pre>\n<h3><strong>The :has() pseudo-class </strong></h3>\n<p>To target an ancestor, parent, or previous sibling that has a descendant, child, or sibling (respectively) in a specified selector list, use the :has() pseudo-class:</p>\n<pre class=\"code\"> <em>element</em>:has(<em>selector-list</em>) {\r\n <em>property1</em>: <em>value1</em>;\r\n <em>property2</em>: <em>value2</em>;\r\n etc.\r\n }\r\n</pre>\n"},{"title":"Top 10 JavaScript debugging strategies","thumb":null,"image":null,"content":"<p>Given any nontrivial JavaScript code, it’s a rare (probably nonexistent!) script that runs perfectly the first (or even the tenth!) time.</p>\n<p>Script bugs happen to even the most experienced developers, so having errors in your code does not mean you’re a failure as a coder! All it means is that you’re a coder.</p>\n<p>But when bugs get into your code, you’ll want to exterminate them as quickly as you can. Here are ten debugging strategies that can help:</p>\n<ul>\n<li><strong>Get thee to your dev tools:</strong> All web page debugging begins with a visit to your web browser development tools. In every browser, the quickest way to open the dev tools is to right-click a page element and then click Inspect. You can also press Ctrl+Shift+I (Windows) or Option@@cmd+I (macOS).</li>\n<li><strong>The console is your best debugging friend:</strong> In your code, you can see the current value of a variable or object property by outputting that value to the dev tools Console tab:\n<pre class=\"code\">console.log(<em>output</em>);</pre>\n<ul>\n<li>output: The expression you want to print in the Console. The output expression can be a text string, a variable, an object property, a function result, or any combination of these.</li>\n</ul>\n</li>\n<li><strong>Give your code a break(point):</strong> Pausing your code enables you to see what’s going on and to run some commands in the console. You have two ways to pause your code mid-execution:\n<ul>\n<li><strong>Set a breakpoint:</strong> In the dev tools, open the file that contains the JavaScript code, locate the statement where you want to pause, and then click the line number to the left of that statement.</li>\n<li><strong>Add a</strong> <strong>debugger statement:</strong> In your JavaScript code, on the line just before the statement where you want to pause, add a debugger statement.</li>\n</ul>\n</li>\n<li><strong>Step through your code:</strong> Once you have some JavaScript code in break mode, use the dev tools execution controls to step through the code. You can step one statement at a time, step over functions, or step into functions.</li>\n<li><strong>Monitor variable and object property values:</strong> Either use console.log() statements to output values to the console or, when your code is in break mode, hover the mouse pointer over the variable or object to see its current value in a tooltip. You can also create watch expressions to monitor values.</li>\n<li><strong>Indent your code</strong><strong>.</strong> JavaScript code is immeasurably more readable when you indent the code within each statement block. Readable code is that much easier to trace and decipher, so your debugging efforts have one less hurdle to negotiate. Indenting each statement by two or four spaces is typical.</li>\n<li><strong>Break down complex tasks</strong><strong>.</strong> Don’t try to solve all your problems at once. If you have a large script or function that isn’t working right, test it in small chunks to try to narrow down the problem.</li>\n<li><strong>Break up long statements</strong><strong>.</strong> One of the most complicated aspects of script debugging is making sense out of long statements (especially expressions). The Console window can help (you can use it to print parts of the statement), but it’s usually best to keep your statements as short as possible. Once you get things working properly, you can often recombine statements for more efficient code.</li>\n<li><strong>Comment out problem statements</strong><strong>.</strong> If a particular statement is giving you problems, you can temporarily deactivate it by placing two slashes (//) at the beginning of the line. This tells JavaScript to treat the line as a comment. If you have a number of statements you want to skip, place/* at the beginning of the first statement and */ at the end of the last statement.</li>\n<li><strong>Use comments to document your scripts</strong><strong>.</strong> Speaking of comments, it’s a programming truism that you can never add enough explanatory comments to your code. The more comments you add, the easier your scripts will be to debug.</li>\n</ul>\n"}],"videoInfo":{"videoId":null,"name":null,"accountId":null,"playerId":null,"thumbnailUrl":null,"description":null,"uploadDate":null}},"sponsorship":{"sponsorshipPage":false,"backgroundImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"brandingLine":"","brandingLink":"","brandingLogo":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"sponsorAd":"","sponsorEbookTitle":"","sponsorEbookLink":"","sponsorEbookImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0}},"primaryLearningPath":"Advance","lifeExpectancy":"Two years","lifeExpectancySetFrom":"2024-07-05T00:00:00+00:00","dummiesForKids":"no","sponsoredContent":"no","adInfo":"","adPairKey":[]},"status":"publish","visibility":"public","articleId":299575},{"headers":{"creationTime":"2020-11-07T15:28:05+00:00","modifiedTime":"2024-08-16T16:15:08+00:00","timestamp":"2024-08-16T18:01:22+00:00"},"data":{"breadcrumbs":[{"name":"Technology","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33512"},"slug":"technology","categoryId":33512},{"name":"Programming & Web Design","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33592"},"slug":"programming-web-design","categoryId":33592},{"name":"General Programming & Web Design","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33610"},"slug":"general-programming-web-design","categoryId":33610}],"title":"What Is DevOps?","strippedTitle":"what is devops?","slug":"what-is-devops","canonicalUrl":"","手机搜字段擎推广调整系统":{"metaDescription":"What is DevOps? DevOps is an agile-derived approach that helps guide software development to prioritize people over process. Find out more from coursofppt.com.","noIndex":0,"noFollow":0},"content":"What is DevOps? It’s difficult to provide you with an exact DevOps prescription — because none exists. <strong>DevOps</strong> is a philosophy that guides software development, one that that prioritizes people over process and process over tooling. DevOps builds a culture of trust, collaboration, and continuous improvement.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_265612\" align=\"aligncenter\" width=\"556\"]<img class=\"wp-image-265612 size-full\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/devops_cycle.jpg\" alt=\"DevOps cycle\" width=\"556\" height=\"312\" /> ©Shutterstock/Phakawan Wongpetanan[/caption]\r\n\r\nAs a culture, the DevOps philosophy views the development process in a holistic way, taking into account everyone involved: developers, testers, operations folks, security, and infrastructure engineers. DevOps doesn’t put any one of these groups above the others, nor does it rank the importance of their work. Instead, a DevOps company treats the entire team of engineers as critical to ensuring that the customer has the best experience possible.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab1\" >DevOps evolved from Agile</h2>\r\nIn 2001, 17 software engineers met and published the “<a href=\"//agilemanifesto.org/\">Manifesto for Agile Software Development</a>,” which spelled out the 12 principles of Agile project management. This new workflow was a response to the frustration and inflexibility of teams working in a waterfall (linear) process.\r\n\r\nWorking within <a href=\"//www.coursofppt.com/careers/project-management/the-12-agile-principles/\">Agile principles</a>, engineers aren’t required to adhere to original requirements or follow a linear development workflow in which each team hands off work to the next. Instead, they’re capable of adapting to the ever-changing needs of the business or the market, and sometimes even the changing technology and tools.\r\n\r\nAlthough Agile revolutionized software development in many ways, it failed to address the conflict between developers and operations specialists. Silos still developed around technical skill sets and specialties, and developers still handed off code to operations folks to deploy and support.\r\n\r\nIn 2008, Andrew Clay Shafer talked to Patrick Debois about his frustrations with the constant conflict between developers and operations folks. Together, they launched the first DevOpsDays event in Belgium to create a better — and more agile — way of approaching software development. This evolution of Agile took hold, and DevOps has since enabled companies around the globe to produce better software faster (and usually cheaper). DevOps is not a fad. It’s a widely accepted engineering philosophy.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab2\" >DevOps focuses on people</h2>\r\nAnyone who says that DevOps is all about tooling wants to sell you something. Above all else, DevOps is a philosophy that focuses on engineers and how they can better work together to produce great software. You could spend millions on every DevOps tool in the world and still be no closer to DevOps nirvana.\r\n\r\nInstead, focus on your most important engineering asset: engineers. Happy engineers make great software. How do you make happy engineers? Well, you create a collaborative work environment in which mutual respect, shared knowledge, and acknowledgement of hard work can thrive.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab3\" >Company culture is the foundation of DevOps</h2>\r\nYour company has a culture, even if it has been left to develop through inertia. That culture has more influence on your job satisfaction, productivity, and team velocity than you probably realize.\r\n\r\n<a href=\"//www.coursofppt.com/business/management/pay-attention-to-invisible-forces-in-your-company-culture/\">Company culture</a> is best described as the unspoken expectations, behavior, and values of an organization. Culture is what tells your employees whether company leadership is open to new ideas. It’s what informs an employee’s decision as to whether to come forward with a problem or to sweep it under the rug.\r\n\r\nCulture is something to be designed and refined, not something to leave to chance. Though the actual definition varies from company to company and person to person, DevOps is a cultural approach to engineering at its core.\r\n\r\nA toxic company culture will kill your DevOps journey before it even starts. Even if your engineering team adopts a DevOps mindset, the attitudes and challenges of the larger company will bleed into your environment.\r\n\r\nWith DevOps, you avoid blame, grow trust, and focus on the customer. You give your engineers autonomy and empower them to do what they do best: engineer solutions. As you begin to implement DevOps, you give your engineers the time and space to adjust to it, allowing them the opportunities to get to know each other better and build rapport with engineers with different specialties.\r\n\r\nAlso, you measure progress and reward achievements. Never blame individuals for failures. Instead, the team should continuously improve together, and achievements should be celebrated and rewarded.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab4\" >You learn by observing your process and collecting data</h2>\r\nObserving your workflow without expectation is a powerful technique to use to see the successes and challenges of your workflow realistically. This observation is the only way to find the correct solution to the areas and issues that create bottlenecks in your processes.\r\n\r\nJust as with software, slapping some Kubernetes (or other new tool) on a problem doesn’t necessarily fix it. You have to know where the problems are before you go about fixing them. As you continue, you collect data — not to measure success or failure but to track the team’s performance. You determine what works, what doesn’t work, and what to try next time.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab5\" >Persuasion is key to DevOps adoption</h2>\r\nSelling the idea of DevOps to your leaders, peers, and employees isn’t easy. The process isn’t always intuitive to engineers, either. Shouldn’t a great idea simply sell itself? If only it were that easy. However, a key concept to always keep in mind as you implement DevOps is that it emphasizes people.\r\n\r\nhe so-called “soft skills” of communication and collaboration are central to your DevOps transformation. Persuading other folks on your team and within your company to adopt DevOps requires practicing <a href=\"//www.coursofppt.com/business/human-resources/employee-engagement/how-good-communication-affects-employee-engagement/\">good communication skills</a>. Early conversations that you have with colleagues about DevOps can set you up for success down the road — especially when you hit an unexpected speed bump.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab6\" >Small, incremental changes are priceless in DevOps</h2>\r\nThe aspect of DevOps that emphasizes making changes in small, incremental ways has its roots in lean manufacturing, which embraces accelerated feedback, continuous improvement, and swifter time to market.\r\n\r\nWater is a good metaphor for DevOps transformations. Water is one of the world’s most powerful elements. Unless people are watching the flood waters rise in front of them, they think of it as relatively harmless. The Colorado River carved the Grand Canyon. Slowly, over millions of years, water cut through stone to expose nearly two billion years of soil and rock.\r\n\r\nYou can be like water. Be the slow, relentless change in your organization. Here’s that famous quote from a <a href=\"//www.youtube.com/watch?v=cJMwBwFj5nQ\">Bruce Lee interview</a> to inspire you:\r\n\r\nBe formless, shapeless, like water. Now you put water into a cup, it becomes the cup. You put water into a bottle, it becomes the bottle. You put it in a teapot, it becomes the teapot. Now, water can flow or it can crash. Be water, my friend.\r\n\r\nMaking incremental changes means, for example, that you find a problem and you fix that problem. Then you fix the next one. You don’t take on too much too fast and you don’t pick every battle to fight. You understand that some fights aren’t worth the energy or social capital that they can cost you.\r\n\r\nUltimately, DevOps isn’t a list of steps you can take, but is rather an approach that should guide the decisions you make as you develop.","description":"What is DevOps? It’s difficult to provide you with an exact DevOps prescription — because none exists. <strong>DevOps</strong> is a philosophy that guides software development, one that that prioritizes people over process and process over tooling. DevOps builds a culture of trust, collaboration, and continuous improvement.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_265612\" align=\"aligncenter\" width=\"556\"]<img class=\"wp-image-265612 size-full\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/devops_cycle.jpg\" alt=\"DevOps cycle\" width=\"556\" height=\"312\" /> ©Shutterstock/Phakawan Wongpetanan[/caption]\r\n\r\nAs a culture, the DevOps philosophy views the development process in a holistic way, taking into account everyone involved: developers, testers, operations folks, security, and infrastructure engineers. DevOps doesn’t put any one of these groups above the others, nor does it rank the importance of their work. Instead, a DevOps company treats the entire team of engineers as critical to ensuring that the customer has the best experience possible.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab1\" >DevOps evolved from Agile</h2>\r\nIn 2001, 17 software engineers met and published the “<a href=\"//agilemanifesto.org/\">Manifesto for Agile Software Development</a>,” which spelled out the 12 principles of Agile project management. This new workflow was a response to the frustration and inflexibility of teams working in a waterfall (linear) process.\r\n\r\nWorking within <a href=\"//www.coursofppt.com/careers/project-management/the-12-agile-principles/\">Agile principles</a>, engineers aren’t required to adhere to original requirements or follow a linear development workflow in which each team hands off work to the next. Instead, they’re capable of adapting to the ever-changing needs of the business or the market, and sometimes even the changing technology and tools.\r\n\r\nAlthough Agile revolutionized software development in many ways, it failed to address the conflict between developers and operations specialists. Silos still developed around technical skill sets and specialties, and developers still handed off code to operations folks to deploy and support.\r\n\r\nIn 2008, Andrew Clay Shafer talked to Patrick Debois about his frustrations with the constant conflict between developers and operations folks. Together, they launched the first DevOpsDays event in Belgium to create a better — and more agile — way of approaching software development. This evolution of Agile took hold, and DevOps has since enabled companies around the globe to produce better software faster (and usually cheaper). DevOps is not a fad. It’s a widely accepted engineering philosophy.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab2\" >DevOps focuses on people</h2>\r\nAnyone who says that DevOps is all about tooling wants to sell you something. Above all else, DevOps is a philosophy that focuses on engineers and how they can better work together to produce great software. You could spend millions on every DevOps tool in the world and still be no closer to DevOps nirvana.\r\n\r\nInstead, focus on your most important engineering asset: engineers. Happy engineers make great software. How do you make happy engineers? Well, you create a collaborative work environment in which mutual respect, shared knowledge, and acknowledgement of hard work can thrive.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab3\" >Company culture is the foundation of DevOps</h2>\r\nYour company has a culture, even if it has been left to develop through inertia. That culture has more influence on your job satisfaction, productivity, and team velocity than you probably realize.\r\n\r\n<a href=\"//www.coursofppt.com/business/management/pay-attention-to-invisible-forces-in-your-company-culture/\">Company culture</a> is best described as the unspoken expectations, behavior, and values of an organization. Culture is what tells your employees whether company leadership is open to new ideas. It’s what informs an employee’s decision as to whether to come forward with a problem or to sweep it under the rug.\r\n\r\nCulture is something to be designed and refined, not something to leave to chance. Though the actual definition varies from company to company and person to person, DevOps is a cultural approach to engineering at its core.\r\n\r\nA toxic company culture will kill your DevOps journey before it even starts. Even if your engineering team adopts a DevOps mindset, the attitudes and challenges of the larger company will bleed into your environment.\r\n\r\nWith DevOps, you avoid blame, grow trust, and focus on the customer. You give your engineers autonomy and empower them to do what they do best: engineer solutions. As you begin to implement DevOps, you give your engineers the time and space to adjust to it, allowing them the opportunities to get to know each other better and build rapport with engineers with different specialties.\r\n\r\nAlso, you measure progress and reward achievements. Never blame individuals for failures. Instead, the team should continuously improve together, and achievements should be celebrated and rewarded.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab4\" >You learn by observing your process and collecting data</h2>\r\nObserving your workflow without expectation is a powerful technique to use to see the successes and challenges of your workflow realistically. This observation is the only way to find the correct solution to the areas and issues that create bottlenecks in your processes.\r\n\r\nJust as with software, slapping some Kubernetes (or other new tool) on a problem doesn’t necessarily fix it. You have to know where the problems are before you go about fixing them. As you continue, you collect data — not to measure success or failure but to track the team’s performance. You determine what works, what doesn’t work, and what to try next time.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab5\" >Persuasion is key to DevOps adoption</h2>\r\nSelling the idea of DevOps to your leaders, peers, and employees isn’t easy. The process isn’t always intuitive to engineers, either. Shouldn’t a great idea simply sell itself? If only it were that easy. However, a key concept to always keep in mind as you implement DevOps is that it emphasizes people.\r\n\r\nhe so-called “soft skills” of communication and collaboration are central to your DevOps transformation. Persuading other folks on your team and within your company to adopt DevOps requires practicing <a href=\"//www.coursofppt.com/business/human-resources/employee-engagement/how-good-communication-affects-employee-engagement/\">good communication skills</a>. Early conversations that you have with colleagues about DevOps can set you up for success down the road — especially when you hit an unexpected speed bump.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab6\" >Small, incremental changes are priceless in DevOps</h2>\r\nThe aspect of DevOps that emphasizes making changes in small, incremental ways has its roots in lean manufacturing, which embraces accelerated feedback, continuous improvement, and swifter time to market.\r\n\r\nWater is a good metaphor for DevOps transformations. Water is one of the world’s most powerful elements. Unless people are watching the flood waters rise in front of them, they think of it as relatively harmless. The Colorado River carved the Grand Canyon. Slowly, over millions of years, water cut through stone to expose nearly two billion years of soil and rock.\r\n\r\nYou can be like water. Be the slow, relentless change in your organization. Here’s that famous quote from a <a href=\"//www.youtube.com/watch?v=cJMwBwFj5nQ\">Bruce Lee interview</a> to inspire you:\r\n\r\nBe formless, shapeless, like water. Now you put water into a cup, it becomes the cup. You put water into a bottle, it becomes the bottle. You put it in a teapot, it becomes the teapot. Now, water can flow or it can crash. Be water, my friend.\r\n\r\nMaking incremental changes means, for example, that you find a problem and you fix that problem. Then you fix the next one. You don’t take on too much too fast and you don’t pick every battle to fight. You understand that some fights aren’t worth the energy or social capital that they can cost you.\r\n\r\nUltimately, DevOps isn’t a list of steps you can take, but is rather an approach that should guide the decisions you make as you develop.","blurb":"","authors":[{"authorId":30388,"name":"Emily Freeman","slug":"emily-freeman","description":" <p><b>Emily Freeman</b> is a technologist and storyteller who helps engineering teams improve their velocity. She believes the biggest challenges facing engineers aren&#39;t technical, but human. She&#39;s worked with both cutting&#45;edge startups and some of the largest technology providers in the world. Emily is currently a Senior Cloud Advocate at Microsoft and a frequent keynote speaker at technology events. ","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/30388"}}],"primaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":33610,"title":"General Programming & Web Design","slug":"general-programming-web-design","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33610"}},"secondaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"tertiaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"trendingArticles":null,"inThisArticle":[{"label":"DevOps evolved from Agile","target":"#tab1"},{"label":"DevOps focuses on people","target":"#tab2"},{"label":"Company culture is the foundation of DevOps","target":"#tab3"},{"label":"You learn by observing your process and collecting data","target":"#tab4"},{"label":"Persuasion is key to DevOps adoption","target":"#tab5"},{"label":"Small, incremental changes are priceless in DevOps","target":"#tab6"}],"relatedArticles":{"fromBook":[{"articleId":265680,"title":"Using DevOps To Improve Engineering","slug":"tips-for-improving-engineering-performance-with-devops","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/265680"}},{"articleId":265675,"title":"How To Automate DevOps in the Cloud","slug":"make-more-of-your-cloud-tools-automating-devops-in-the-cloud","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/265675"}},{"articleId":265672,"title":"How To Choose a Cloud Service Provider for DevOps","slug":"choosing-the-best-cloud-service-provider-features-and-tools-for-devops","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/265672"}},{"articleId":265664,"title":"How to Form DevOps Teams in Your Organization","slug":"how-to-form-devops-teams-in-your-organization","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/265664"}},{"articleId":265656,"title":"Moving to DevOps Processes: From a Line to a Circuit","slug":"moving-to-devops-processes-from-a-line-to-a-circuit","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/265656"}}],"fromCategory":[{"articleId":299575,"title":"HTML, CSS, & JavaScript All-in-One For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"html-css-javascript-all-in-one-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/299575"}},{"articleId":265680,"title":"Using DevOps To Improve Engineering","slug":"tips-for-improving-engineering-performance-with-devops","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/265680"}},{"articleId":265675,"title":"How To Automate DevOps in the Cloud","slug":"make-more-of-your-cloud-tools-automating-devops-in-the-cloud","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/265675"}},{"articleId":265672,"title":"How To Choose a Cloud Service Provider for DevOps","slug":"choosing-the-best-cloud-service-provider-features-and-tools-for-devops","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/265672"}},{"articleId":265664,"title":"How to Form DevOps Teams in Your Organization","slug":"how-to-form-devops-teams-in-your-organization","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/265664"}}]},"hasRelatedBookFromSearch":false,"relatedBook":{"bookId":281681,"slug":"devops-for-dummies","isbn":"9781119552222","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"amazon":{"default":"//www.amazon.com/gp/product/1119552222/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","ca":"//www.amazon.ca/gp/product/1119552222/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","indigo_ca":"//www.tkqlhce.com/click-9208661-13710633?url=//www.chapters.indigo.ca/en-ca/books/product/1119552222-item.html&cjsku=978111945484","gb":"//www.amazon.co.uk/gp/product/1119552222/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","de":"//www.amazon.de/gp/product/1119552222/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20"},"image":{"src":"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/devops-for-dummies-cover-9781119552222-203x255.jpg","width":203,"height":255},"title":"DevOps For Dummies","testBankPinActivationLink":"","bookOutOfPrint":false,"authorsInfo":"<p><b data-author-id=\"30388\">Emily Freeman</b> is a technologist and storyteller who helps engineering teams improve their velocity. She believes the biggest challenges facing engineers aren't technical, but human. She's worked with both cutting-edge startups and some of the largest technology providers in the world. Emily is currently a Senior Cloud Advocate at Microsoft and a frequent keynote speaker at technology events. </p>","authors":[{"authorId":30388,"name":"Emily Freeman","slug":"emily-freeman","description":" <p><b>Emily Freeman</b> is a technologist and storyteller who helps engineering teams improve their velocity. She believes the biggest challenges facing engineers aren&#39;t technical, but human. She&#39;s worked with both cutting&#45;edge startups and some of the largest technology providers in the world. Emily is currently a Senior Cloud Advocate at Microsoft and a frequent keynote speaker at technology events. ","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/30388"}}],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/books/"}},"collections":[],"articleAds":{"footerAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;technology&quot;,&quot;programming-web-design&quot;,&quot;general-programming-web-design&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9781119552222&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-64dd0ef2deea9\"></div></div>","rightAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_right_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_right_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;technology&quot;,&quot;programming-web-design&quot;,&quot;general-programming-web-design&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9781119552222&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-64dd0ef2df611\"></div></div>"},"articleType":{"articleType":"Articles","articleList":null,"content":null,"videoInfo":{"videoId":null,"name":null,"accountId":null,"playerId":null,"thumbnailUrl":null,"description":null,"uploadDate":null}},"sponsorship":{"sponsorshipPage":false,"backgroundImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"brandingLine":"","brandingLink":"","brandingLogo":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"sponsorAd":"","sponsorEbookTitle":"","sponsorEbookLink":"","sponsorEbookImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0}},"primaryLearningPath":"Advance","lifeExpectancy":"Two years","lifeExpectancySetFrom":"2024-08-16T00:00:00+00:00","dummiesForKids":"no","sponsoredContent":"no","adInfo":"","adPairKey":[]},"status":"publish","visibility":"public","articleId":265584},{"headers":{"creationTime":"2020-11-12T17:48:55+00:00","modifiedTime":"2024-08-16T16:14:34+00:00","timestamp":"2024-08-16T18:01:22+00:00"},"data":{"breadcrumbs":[{"name":"Technology","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33512"},"slug":"technology","categoryId":33512},{"name":"Programming & Web Design","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33592"},"slug":"programming-web-design","categoryId":33592},{"name":"General Programming & Web Design","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33610"},"slug":"general-programming-web-design","categoryId":33610}],"title":"How to Form DevOps Teams in Your Organization","strippedTitle":"how to form devops teams in your organization","slug":"how-to-form-devops-teams-in-your-organization","canonicalUrl":"","手机搜字段擎推广调整系统":{"metaDescription":"Want to know how to structure teams in your organization to succeed with DevOps? FInd out with this guide from coursofppt.com.","noIndex":0,"noFollow":0},"content":"<a href=\"//www.coursofppt.com/article/technology/programming-web-design/general-programming-web-design/what-is-devops-265584/\">DevOps</a> has no ideal organizational structure. Like everything in tech, the “right” answer concerning your company’s structure depends on your unique situation: your current team, your plans for growth, your team’s size, your team’s available skill sets, your product, and on and on.\r\n\r\nAligning your DevOps team’s vision should be your first mission. Only after you’ve removed the low-hanging fruit of obvious friction between people should you begin rearranging teams. Even then, allow some flexibility.\r\n\r\nIf you approach a reorganization with openness and flexibility, you send the message that you’re willing to listen and give your team autonomy — a basic tenet of DevOps.\r\n\r\nYou may already have a Python or Go developer who’s passionate and curious about infrastructure and configuration management. Maybe that person can switch into a more ops-focused role in your new organization. Put yourself in that person’s shoes. Wouldn’t you be loyal to an organization that took a risk on you? Wouldn’t you be excited to work hard? And that excitement is contagious.\r\n\r\nHere, you learn how to align the teams you already have in place, dedicate a team to DevOps practices, and create cross-functional teams — all approaches from which you can choose to orient your teams toward DevOps.\r\n<p class=\"article-tips remember\">You can choose one approach and allow it to evolve from there. Don’t feel that this decision is permanent and unmovable. DevOps focuses on rapid iteration and continual improvement and that’s the <a href=\"//www.coursofppt.com/article/technology/programming-web-design/general-programming-web-design/why-devops-matters-11-ways-devops-benefits-your-organization-265626/\">prime benefit of this methodology</a>. That philosophy applies to teams as well.</p>\r\n\r\n<h2 id=\"tab1\" >Aligning functional teams for DevOps</h2>\r\nIn this approach, you create strong collaboration between your traditional development and operations teams. The teams remain functional in nature — one focused on ops, one focused on code. But their incentives are aligned. They will grow to trust each other and work as two teams yoked together.\r\n\r\nFor smaller engineering organizations, aligning functional teams is a solid choice. Even as a first step, this alignment can reinforce the positive changes you’ve made so far. You typically start the alignment by taking the time to build rapport. Ensure that each person on both teams not only intellectually understands the other team’s role and constraints but also empathizes with the pain points.\r\n\r\nFor this approach, it’s a good idea to promote a policy of “You build it, you support it.” This policy means that everyone — developer and operations person alike —participates in your on-call rotation.\r\n\r\nThis participation allows developers to start understanding the frustrations of being called in the middle of the night and struggling while foggy-eyed and caffeine-deprived to fix a bug that’s impacting customers. Operations folks also begin to trust your developers’ commitment to their work. Even this small change builds an extraordinary amount of trust.\r\n<p class=\"article-tips remember\">A word of caution: If developers fight hard against being on call, a larger problem is at play in your organization. The pushback is not uncommon because being on call is wildly different from their normal day-to-day responsibilities. The pushback often comes from a place of discomfort and fear. You can help mitigate this reaction by addressing the fact that your developers may not know what to do the first few times they’re on call.</p>\r\nThey may not be familiar with the infrastructure, and that’s okay. Encourage them to escalate the incident and page someone with more experience. Finally, create a runbook with common alerts and what actions to take. Providing this resource will help to assuage some fear until they begin to get the hang of things.\r\n\r\nAnother tactic to help spur collaboration to form a more cohesive DevOps team is to introduce a day of shadowing, with each team “trading” a colleague. The traded person simply shadows someone else on the team, sits at their desk (or in their area), and assists in their day-to-day responsibilities. They may help with work, discuss problems as a team (pair programming), and learn more about the system from a different point of view. This style of teaching isn’t prescriptive.\r\n\r\nInstead, it lends itself to curiosity and building trust. Colleagues should feel free to ask questions — even the “stupid” variety — and learn freely. No performance expectations exist. The time should be spent simply getting to know each other and appreciating each other’s work. Any productive output is a bonus!\r\n\r\nIn this alignment approach, both teams absolutely must be involved in the planning, architecture, and development processes. They must share responsibilities and accountability throughout the entire development life cycle.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab2\" >Dedicating a DevOps team</h2>\r\nA dedicated DevOps team is more an evolution of the Sys Admin than a true DevOps team. It is an operations team with a mix of skill sets. Perhaps some engineers are familiar with configuration management, others IaC (infrastructure as code) and perhaps others are experts in containers or cloud native infrastructure or CI/CD (continuous integration and continuous delivery/development).\r\n<p class=\"article-tips warning\">If you think that putting a group of humans into an official team is enough to break down silos, you’re mistaken. Humans are more complex than spreadsheets. Hierarchy doesn’t mean anything if your silos have entered a phase in which they are unhealthy and tribal. In toxic cultures, a strongman style of leadership can emerge that is almost always followed by people taking sides. If you see this on your own team, you have work to do.</p>\r\nAlthough any approach may work for your team, this <a href=\"//www.coursofppt.com/article/technology/programming-web-design/general-programming-web-design/top-10-devops-pitfalls-why-your-software-projects-fail-265616/\">dedicated team approach is the one you should think through the most.</a> The greatest disadvantage of a dedicated DevOps team is that it easily becomes a continuation of traditional engineering teams without acknowledging the need to align teams, reduce silos, and remove friction. The risks of continuing friction (or creating more) are high in this approach. Tread carefully to ensure you’re choosing this team organization for a specific reason.\r\n\r\nThe <a href=\"//www.coursofppt.com/article/technology/programming-web-design/general-programming-web-design/why-devops-matters-11-ways-devops-benefits-your-organization-265626/\">benefits of this DevOps approach</a> is having a dedicated team to address major infrastructure changes or adjustments. If you’re struggling with operations-centered issues that are slowing down your deployments or causing site reliability concerns, this might be a good approach — even temporarily.\r\n\r\nA dedicated team if you’re planning on moving a legacy application to the cloud. But rather than calling this team a <a href=\"//www.coursofppt.com/article/technology/programming-web-design/general-programming-web-design/interview-techniques-for-building-a-devops-team-getting-the-right-technical-skills-265651/\">DevOps team</a>, you might try labeling it an automation team.\r\n\r\nThis dedicated group of engineers can focus completely on ensuring that you’ve set up the correct infrastructure and automation tools. You can then proceed with confidence that your application will land in the cloud without major disruption. Still, this approach is temporary. If you keep the team isolated for too long, you risk going down a slippery slope from rapid growth to embedded silo.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab3\" >Creating cross-functional product teams for DevOps</h2>\r\nA <em>cross-functional team</em> is a team formed around a single product focus. Rather than have separate teams for development, user interface and user experience (UI/UX), quality assurance (QA), and operations, you combine people from each of these teams.\r\n\r\nA cross-functional team works best in medium to large organizations. You need enough developers and operations folks to fill in the positions of each product team. Each cross-functional team looks a bit different.\r\n\r\nIt’s a good idea to have, at a minimum, one operations person per team. Do not ask an operations person to split their responsibilities between two teams. This scenario is unfair to them and will quickly create friction between the two product teams. Give your engineers the privilege of being able to focus and dig deep into their work.\r\n<p class=\"article-tips remember\">If you’re organization is still small or in the startup phase, you can think of your entire engineering organization as a cross-functional team. Keep it small and focused. When you begin to approach having 10–12 people, start thinking about how you can reorganize engineers.</p>\r\nThe image below shows what your cross-functional teams could look like. But keep in mind that their composition varies from team to team and from organization to organization. Some products have a strong design focus, which means that you may have multiple designers in each team. Other products are technical ones designed for engineers who don’t care much for aesthetics. Teams for that kind of product may have one designer — or none at all.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_265665\" align=\"aligncenter\" width=\"342\"]<img class=\"wp-image-265665 size-full\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/devops-product-team.png\" alt=\"DevOps product team\" width=\"342\" height=\"450\" /> Forming product teams.[/caption]\r\n\r\nIf your organization is large enough, you can certainly create multiple teams using different DevOps ideas and approaches. Remember that your organization is unique. Feel empowered to make decisions based on your current circumstances and adjust from there. Here are some possible combinations of various types of product teams.\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li><strong>Legacy Product Team:</strong> Project Manager (PM), Front-end Developer, Back-end Developer, Back-end Developer, Site Reliability Engineer (SRE), Automation Engineer, QA Tester</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Cloud Transformation Team:</strong> SRE, SRE, Operations Engineer, Automation Engineer, Back-end Developer</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>MVP Team:</strong> PM, Designer, UX Engineer, Front-end Developer, Backend Developer, Operations Engineer</li>\r\n</ul>\r\nThe downside of a cross-functional product team is that engineers lose the camaraderie of engineers with their same skill sets and passions. Having a group of like-minded individuals with whom you can socialize and from whom you can learn is an important aspect of job satisfaction. Check out a solution to this issue below.\r\n\r\nAs shown below, you can give your engineers dedicated work time to spend with their tribes. You can do something as generous as paying for lunch once every week so that they can get together and talk. Or you might provide 10–20 percent of work time for them to work on projects as a tribe. Either way, you need your engineers to stay sharp.\r\n\r\nTribes share industry knowledge, provide sound feedback, and support career growth. Provide time for your engineers to learn from people with whom they share education, experience, and goals. This time provides a safe place where they can relax and feel at home.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_265666\" align=\"aligncenter\" width=\"494\"]<img class=\"wp-image-265666 size-full\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/devops-tribes.png\" alt=\"DevOps tribes\" width=\"494\" height=\"450\" /> Making space for tribes.[/caption]\r\n\r\nNo amount of perfect finagling will overcome the shortfalls of a bad <a href=\"//www.coursofppt.com/article/business-careers-money/business/general-business/assess-your-companys-mindset-148007/\">organizational culture</a>. But if you’ve paid attention so far and made the appropriate strides, the next step is to form teams that reinforce the cultural ideals you’ve already put in place.","description":"<a href=\"//www.coursofppt.com/article/technology/programming-web-design/general-programming-web-design/what-is-devops-265584/\">DevOps</a> has no ideal organizational structure. Like everything in tech, the “right” answer concerning your company’s structure depends on your unique situation: your current team, your plans for growth, your team’s size, your team’s available skill sets, your product, and on and on.\r\n\r\nAligning your DevOps team’s vision should be your first mission. Only after you’ve removed the low-hanging fruit of obvious friction between people should you begin rearranging teams. Even then, allow some flexibility.\r\n\r\nIf you approach a reorganization with openness and flexibility, you send the message that you’re willing to listen and give your team autonomy — a basic tenet of DevOps.\r\n\r\nYou may already have a Python or Go developer who’s passionate and curious about infrastructure and configuration management. Maybe that person can switch into a more ops-focused role in your new organization. Put yourself in that person’s shoes. Wouldn’t you be loyal to an organization that took a risk on you? Wouldn’t you be excited to work hard? And that excitement is contagious.\r\n\r\nHere, you learn how to align the teams you already have in place, dedicate a team to DevOps practices, and create cross-functional teams — all approaches from which you can choose to orient your teams toward DevOps.\r\n<p class=\"article-tips remember\">You can choose one approach and allow it to evolve from there. Don’t feel that this decision is permanent and unmovable. DevOps focuses on rapid iteration and continual improvement and that’s the <a href=\"//www.coursofppt.com/article/technology/programming-web-design/general-programming-web-design/why-devops-matters-11-ways-devops-benefits-your-organization-265626/\">prime benefit of this methodology</a>. That philosophy applies to teams as well.</p>\r\n\r\n<h2 id=\"tab1\" >Aligning functional teams for DevOps</h2>\r\nIn this approach, you create strong collaboration between your traditional development and operations teams. The teams remain functional in nature — one focused on ops, one focused on code. But their incentives are aligned. They will grow to trust each other and work as two teams yoked together.\r\n\r\nFor smaller engineering organizations, aligning functional teams is a solid choice. Even as a first step, this alignment can reinforce the positive changes you’ve made so far. You typically start the alignment by taking the time to build rapport. Ensure that each person on both teams not only intellectually understands the other team’s role and constraints but also empathizes with the pain points.\r\n\r\nFor this approach, it’s a good idea to promote a policy of “You build it, you support it.” This policy means that everyone — developer and operations person alike —participates in your on-call rotation.\r\n\r\nThis participation allows developers to start understanding the frustrations of being called in the middle of the night and struggling while foggy-eyed and caffeine-deprived to fix a bug that’s impacting customers. Operations folks also begin to trust your developers’ commitment to their work. Even this small change builds an extraordinary amount of trust.\r\n<p class=\"article-tips remember\">A word of caution: If developers fight hard against being on call, a larger problem is at play in your organization. The pushback is not uncommon because being on call is wildly different from their normal day-to-day responsibilities. The pushback often comes from a place of discomfort and fear. You can help mitigate this reaction by addressing the fact that your developers may not know what to do the first few times they’re on call.</p>\r\nThey may not be familiar with the infrastructure, and that’s okay. Encourage them to escalate the incident and page someone with more experience. Finally, create a runbook with common alerts and what actions to take. Providing this resource will help to assuage some fear until they begin to get the hang of things.\r\n\r\nAnother tactic to help spur collaboration to form a more cohesive DevOps team is to introduce a day of shadowing, with each team “trading” a colleague. The traded person simply shadows someone else on the team, sits at their desk (or in their area), and assists in their day-to-day responsibilities. They may help with work, discuss problems as a team (pair programming), and learn more about the system from a different point of view. This style of teaching isn’t prescriptive.\r\n\r\nInstead, it lends itself to curiosity and building trust. Colleagues should feel free to ask questions — even the “stupid” variety — and learn freely. No performance expectations exist. The time should be spent simply getting to know each other and appreciating each other’s work. Any productive output is a bonus!\r\n\r\nIn this alignment approach, both teams absolutely must be involved in the planning, architecture, and development processes. They must share responsibilities and accountability throughout the entire development life cycle.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab2\" >Dedicating a DevOps team</h2>\r\nA dedicated DevOps team is more an evolution of the Sys Admin than a true DevOps team. It is an operations team with a mix of skill sets. Perhaps some engineers are familiar with configuration management, others IaC (infrastructure as code) and perhaps others are experts in containers or cloud native infrastructure or CI/CD (continuous integration and continuous delivery/development).\r\n<p class=\"article-tips warning\">If you think that putting a group of humans into an official team is enough to break down silos, you’re mistaken. Humans are more complex than spreadsheets. Hierarchy doesn’t mean anything if your silos have entered a phase in which they are unhealthy and tribal. In toxic cultures, a strongman style of leadership can emerge that is almost always followed by people taking sides. If you see this on your own team, you have work to do.</p>\r\nAlthough any approach may work for your team, this <a href=\"//www.coursofppt.com/article/technology/programming-web-design/general-programming-web-design/top-10-devops-pitfalls-why-your-software-projects-fail-265616/\">dedicated team approach is the one you should think through the most.</a> The greatest disadvantage of a dedicated DevOps team is that it easily becomes a continuation of traditional engineering teams without acknowledging the need to align teams, reduce silos, and remove friction. The risks of continuing friction (or creating more) are high in this approach. Tread carefully to ensure you’re choosing this team organization for a specific reason.\r\n\r\nThe <a href=\"//www.coursofppt.com/article/technology/programming-web-design/general-programming-web-design/why-devops-matters-11-ways-devops-benefits-your-organization-265626/\">benefits of this DevOps approach</a> is having a dedicated team to address major infrastructure changes or adjustments. If you’re struggling with operations-centered issues that are slowing down your deployments or causing site reliability concerns, this might be a good approach — even temporarily.\r\n\r\nA dedicated team if you’re planning on moving a legacy application to the cloud. But rather than calling this team a <a href=\"//www.coursofppt.com/article/technology/programming-web-design/general-programming-web-design/interview-techniques-for-building-a-devops-team-getting-the-right-technical-skills-265651/\">DevOps team</a>, you might try labeling it an automation team.\r\n\r\nThis dedicated group of engineers can focus completely on ensuring that you’ve set up the correct infrastructure and automation tools. You can then proceed with confidence that your application will land in the cloud without major disruption. Still, this approach is temporary. If you keep the team isolated for too long, you risk going down a slippery slope from rapid growth to embedded silo.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab3\" >Creating cross-functional product teams for DevOps</h2>\r\nA <em>cross-functional team</em> is a team formed around a single product focus. Rather than have separate teams for development, user interface and user experience (UI/UX), quality assurance (QA), and operations, you combine people from each of these teams.\r\n\r\nA cross-functional team works best in medium to large organizations. You need enough developers and operations folks to fill in the positions of each product team. Each cross-functional team looks a bit different.\r\n\r\nIt’s a good idea to have, at a minimum, one operations person per team. Do not ask an operations person to split their responsibilities between two teams. This scenario is unfair to them and will quickly create friction between the two product teams. Give your engineers the privilege of being able to focus and dig deep into their work.\r\n<p class=\"article-tips remember\">If you’re organization is still small or in the startup phase, you can think of your entire engineering organization as a cross-functional team. Keep it small and focused. When you begin to approach having 10–12 people, start thinking about how you can reorganize engineers.</p>\r\nThe image below shows what your cross-functional teams could look like. But keep in mind that their composition varies from team to team and from organization to organization. Some products have a strong design focus, which means that you may have multiple designers in each team. Other products are technical ones designed for engineers who don’t care much for aesthetics. Teams for that kind of product may have one designer — or none at all.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_265665\" align=\"aligncenter\" width=\"342\"]<img class=\"wp-image-265665 size-full\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/devops-product-team.png\" alt=\"DevOps product team\" width=\"342\" height=\"450\" /> Forming product teams.[/caption]\r\n\r\nIf your organization is large enough, you can certainly create multiple teams using different DevOps ideas and approaches. Remember that your organization is unique. Feel empowered to make decisions based on your current circumstances and adjust from there. Here are some possible combinations of various types of product teams.\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li><strong>Legacy Product Team:</strong> Project Manager (PM), Front-end Developer, Back-end Developer, Back-end Developer, Site Reliability Engineer (SRE), Automation Engineer, QA Tester</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Cloud Transformation Team:</strong> SRE, SRE, Operations Engineer, Automation Engineer, Back-end Developer</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>MVP Team:</strong> PM, Designer, UX Engineer, Front-end Developer, Backend Developer, Operations Engineer</li>\r\n</ul>\r\nThe downside of a cross-functional product team is that engineers lose the camaraderie of engineers with their same skill sets and passions. Having a group of like-minded individuals with whom you can socialize and from whom you can learn is an important aspect of job satisfaction. Check out a solution to this issue below.\r\n\r\nAs shown below, you can give your engineers dedicated work time to spend with their tribes. You can do something as generous as paying for lunch once every week so that they can get together and talk. Or you might provide 10–20 percent of work time for them to work on projects as a tribe. Either way, you need your engineers to stay sharp.\r\n\r\nTribes share industry knowledge, provide sound feedback, and support career growth. Provide time for your engineers to learn from people with whom they share education, experience, and goals. This time provides a safe place where they can relax and feel at home.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_265666\" align=\"aligncenter\" width=\"494\"]<img class=\"wp-image-265666 size-full\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/devops-tribes.png\" alt=\"DevOps tribes\" width=\"494\" height=\"450\" /> Making space for tribes.[/caption]\r\n\r\nNo amount of perfect finagling will overcome the shortfalls of a bad <a href=\"//www.coursofppt.com/article/business-careers-money/business/general-business/assess-your-companys-mindset-148007/\">organizational culture</a>. But if you’ve paid attention so far and made the appropriate strides, the next step is to form teams that reinforce the cultural ideals you’ve already put in place.","blurb":"","authors":[{"authorId":30388,"name":"Emily Freeman","slug":"emily-freeman","description":" <p><b>Emily Freeman</b> is a technologist and storyteller who helps engineering teams improve their velocity. She believes the biggest challenges facing engineers aren&#39;t technical, but human. She&#39;s worked with both cutting&#45;edge startups and some of the largest technology providers in the world. Emily is currently a Senior Cloud Advocate at Microsoft and a frequent keynote speaker at technology events. ","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/30388"}}],"primaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":33610,"title":"General Programming & Web Design","slug":"general-programming-web-design","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33610"}},"secondaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"tertiaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"trendingArticles":null,"inThisArticle":[{"label":"Aligning functional teams for DevOps","target":"#tab1"},{"label":"Dedicating a DevOps team","target":"#tab2"},{"label":"Creating cross-functional product teams for DevOps","target":"#tab3"}],"relatedArticles":{"fromBook":[{"articleId":265680,"title":"Using DevOps To Improve Engineering","slug":"tips-for-improving-engineering-performance-with-devops","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/265680"}},{"articleId":265675,"title":"How To Automate DevOps in the Cloud","slug":"make-more-of-your-cloud-tools-automating-devops-in-the-cloud","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/265675"}},{"articleId":265672,"title":"How To Choose a Cloud Service Provider for DevOps","slug":"choosing-the-best-cloud-service-provider-features-and-tools-for-devops","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/265672"}},{"articleId":265656,"title":"Moving to DevOps Processes: From a Line to a Circuit","slug":"moving-to-devops-processes-from-a-line-to-a-circuit","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/265656"}},{"articleId":265651,"title":"Interview Techniques for Building a DevOps Team: Getting the Right Technical Skills","slug":"interview-techniques-for-building-a-devops-team-getting-the-right-technical-skills","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/265651"}}],"fromCategory":[{"articleId":299575,"title":"HTML, CSS, & JavaScript All-in-One For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"html-css-javascript-all-in-one-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/299575"}},{"articleId":265680,"title":"Using DevOps To Improve Engineering","slug":"tips-for-improving-engineering-performance-with-devops","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/265680"}},{"articleId":265675,"title":"How To Automate DevOps in the Cloud","slug":"make-more-of-your-cloud-tools-automating-devops-in-the-cloud","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/265675"}},{"articleId":265672,"title":"How To Choose a Cloud Service Provider for DevOps","slug":"choosing-the-best-cloud-service-provider-features-and-tools-for-devops","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/265672"}},{"articleId":265656,"title":"Moving to DevOps Processes: From a Line to a Circuit","slug":"moving-to-devops-processes-from-a-line-to-a-circuit","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/265656"}}]},"hasRelatedBookFromSearch":false,"relatedBook":{"bookId":281681,"slug":"devops-for-dummies","isbn":"9781119552222","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"amazon":{"default":"//www.amazon.com/gp/product/1119552222/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","ca":"//www.amazon.ca/gp/product/1119552222/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","indigo_ca":"//www.tkqlhce.com/click-9208661-13710633?url=//www.chapters.indigo.ca/en-ca/books/product/1119552222-item.html&cjsku=978111945484","gb":"//www.amazon.co.uk/gp/product/1119552222/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","de":"//www.amazon.de/gp/product/1119552222/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20"},"image":{"src":"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/devops-for-dummies-cover-9781119552222-203x255.jpg","width":203,"height":255},"title":"DevOps For Dummies","testBankPinActivationLink":"","bookOutOfPrint":false,"authorsInfo":"<p><b data-author-id=\"30388\">Emily Freeman</b> is a technologist and storyteller who helps engineering teams improve their velocity. She believes the biggest challenges facing engineers aren't technical, but human. She's worked with both cutting-edge startups and some of the largest technology providers in the world. Emily is currently a Senior Cloud Advocate at Microsoft and a frequent keynote speaker at technology events. </p>","authors":[{"authorId":30388,"name":"Emily Freeman","slug":"emily-freeman","description":" <p><b>Emily Freeman</b> is a technologist and storyteller who helps engineering teams improve their velocity. She believes the biggest challenges facing engineers aren&#39;t technical, but human. She&#39;s worked with both cutting&#45;edge startups and some of the largest technology providers in the world. Emily is currently a Senior Cloud Advocate at Microsoft and a frequent keynote speaker at technology events. ","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/30388"}}],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/books/"}},"collections":[],"articleAds":{"footerAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;technology&quot;,&quot;programming-web-design&quot;,&quot;general-programming-web-design&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9781119552222&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-64dd0ef2d6485\"></div></div>","rightAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_right_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_right_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;technology&quot;,&quot;programming-web-design&quot;,&quot;general-programming-web-design&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9781119552222&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-64dd0ef2d6ba7\"></div></div>"},"articleType":{"articleType":"Articles","articleList":null,"content":null,"videoInfo":{"videoId":null,"name":null,"accountId":null,"playerId":null,"thumbnailUrl":null,"description":null,"uploadDate":null}},"sponsorship":{"sponsorshipPage":false,"backgroundImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"brandingLine":"","brandingLink":"","brandingLogo":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"sponsorAd":"","sponsorEbookTitle":"","sponsorEbookLink":"","sponsorEbookImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0}},"primaryLearningPath":"Advance","lifeExpectancy":"Two years","lifeExpectancySetFrom":"2024-08-16T00:00:00+00:00","dummiesForKids":"no","sponsoredContent":"no","adInfo":"","adPairKey":[]},"status":"publish","visibility":"public","articleId":265664},{"headers":{"creationTime":"2019-06-14T17:52:16+00:00","modifiedTime":"2024-08-02T13:52:55+00:00","timestamp":"2024-08-02T15:01:02+00:00"},"data":{"breadcrumbs":[{"name":"Technology","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33512"},"slug":"technology","categoryId":33512},{"name":"Programming & Web Design","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33592"},"slug":"programming-web-design","categoryId":33592},{"name":"General Programming & Web Design","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33610"},"slug":"general-programming-web-design","categoryId":33610}],"title":"Using XMLHttpRequest Class Properties","strippedTitle":"using xmlhttprequest class properties","slug":"using-xmlhttprequest-class-properties","canonicalUrl":"","手机搜字段擎推广调整系统":{"metaDescription":"The XMLHttpRequest object contains several class properties that you’ll need to know about to handle the HTTP response from the web server. The XMLHttpRequest C","noIndex":0,"noFollow":0},"content":"The <code>XMLHttpRequest</code> object contains several class properties that you’ll need to know about to handle the HTTP response from the web server.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab1\" >The XMLHttpRequest Class Properties</h2>\r\n<table>\r\n<tbody>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td><code>Property</code></td>\r\n<td>Description</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td><code>onreadystatechange</code></td>\r\n<td>Defines a callback function that the browser triggers when the HTTP connection changes state</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td><code>readyState</code></td>\r\n<td>Contains the connection status of the HTTP connection</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td><code>responseText</code></td>\r\n<td>Contains the response sent by the web server in text format</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td><code>responseXML</code></td>\r\n<td>Contains the response sent by the web server in XML format</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td><code>status</code></td>\r\n<td>Contains the numeric HTTP response code from the web server</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td><code>statusText</code></td>\r\n<td>Contains the text HTTP response string from the web server</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n</tbody>\r\n</table>\r\nAfter you use the <code>send()</code> method to send a connection request to a web server, the HTTP connection process works through five connection states, as tracked by the <code>readyState</code> property:\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li><strong>State 0:</strong> The connection has not been initialized.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>State 1:</strong> The connection to the server has been established.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>State 2:</strong> The server received the HTTP request message.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>State 3:</strong> The server is processing the HTTP request.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>State 4:</strong> The server sent the response.</li>\r\n</ul>\r\nAs the HTTP connection works through these five connection states, the value contained in the <code>readyState</code> property changes. This causes the function you define in the <code>onreadystatechange</code> property to trigger for each state change. When the <code>readyState</code> property contains a value of 4, the final result from the request is available for processing.\r\n\r\nWhen the <code>readyState</code> property value is 4, you know the communication is complete, but you don’t know how it turned out. To determine that, you check the HTTP response returned by the web server using the <code>status</code> property. If the <code>status</code> property contains the 200 numeric HTTP result code, that indicates the connection was successful, and any data returned by the web server is available in the <code>responseText</code> and <code>responseXML</code> properties. If the status property contains some other HTTP result code (such as 403 or 404), that indicates there was an error communicating with the web server.\r\n\r\nBecause these values are standard, it has become somewhat common practice to start out the <code>onreadystatechange</code> callback function code checking for them:\r\n<pre class=\"code\">con.onreadystatechange = function() {\r\n if (this.readyState == 4 && this.status == 200) {\r\n var result = this.responseText;\r\n }\r\n};</pre>\r\nThe function only retrieves the data when the connection is complete and has returned valid data. This method of defining the callback function inline is referred to as creating an <em>anonymous callback function, </em>because you don’t define a name for the function. It only exists inside the <code>onreadystatechange</code> property, so you can’t reference it anywhere else in your JavaScript code.\r\n<p class=\"article-tips tip\">Although using an anonymous function is a popular way of defining the callback function, you can define the function as a standard named JavaScript function and then reference that function name in the <code>onreadystatechange</code> property.</p>","description":"The <code>XMLHttpRequest</code> object contains several class properties that you’ll need to know about to handle the HTTP response from the web server.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab1\" >The XMLHttpRequest Class Properties</h2>\r\n<table>\r\n<tbody>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td><code>Property</code></td>\r\n<td>Description</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td><code>onreadystatechange</code></td>\r\n<td>Defines a callback function that the browser triggers when the HTTP connection changes state</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td><code>readyState</code></td>\r\n<td>Contains the connection status of the HTTP connection</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td><code>responseText</code></td>\r\n<td>Contains the response sent by the web server in text format</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td><code>responseXML</code></td>\r\n<td>Contains the response sent by the web server in XML format</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td><code>status</code></td>\r\n<td>Contains the numeric HTTP response code from the web server</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td><code>statusText</code></td>\r\n<td>Contains the text HTTP response string from the web server</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n</tbody>\r\n</table>\r\nAfter you use the <code>send()</code> method to send a connection request to a web server, the HTTP connection process works through five connection states, as tracked by the <code>readyState</code> property:\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li><strong>State 0:</strong> The connection has not been initialized.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>State 1:</strong> The connection to the server has been established.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>State 2:</strong> The server received the HTTP request message.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>State 3:</strong> The server is processing the HTTP request.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>State 4:</strong> The server sent the response.</li>\r\n</ul>\r\nAs the HTTP connection works through these five connection states, the value contained in the <code>readyState</code> property changes. This causes the function you define in the <code>onreadystatechange</code> property to trigger for each state change. When the <code>readyState</code> property contains a value of 4, the final result from the request is available for processing.\r\n\r\nWhen the <code>readyState</code> property value is 4, you know the communication is complete, but you don’t know how it turned out. To determine that, you check the HTTP response returned by the web server using the <code>status</code> property. If the <code>status</code> property contains the 200 numeric HTTP result code, that indicates the connection was successful, and any data returned by the web server is available in the <code>responseText</code> and <code>responseXML</code> properties. If the status property contains some other HTTP result code (such as 403 or 404), that indicates there was an error communicating with the web server.\r\n\r\nBecause these values are standard, it has become somewhat common practice to start out the <code>onreadystatechange</code> callback function code checking for them:\r\n<pre class=\"code\">con.onreadystatechange = function() {\r\n if (this.readyState == 4 && this.status == 200) {\r\n var result = this.responseText;\r\n }\r\n};</pre>\r\nThe function only retrieves the data when the connection is complete and has returned valid data. This method of defining the callback function inline is referred to as creating an <em>anonymous callback function, </em>because you don’t define a name for the function. It only exists inside the <code>onreadystatechange</code> property, so you can’t reference it anywhere else in your JavaScript code.\r\n<p class=\"article-tips tip\">Although using an anonymous function is a popular way of defining the callback function, you can define the function as a standard named JavaScript function and then reference that function name in the <code>onreadystatechange</code> property.</p>","blurb":"","authors":[{"authorId":10600,"name":"Richard Blum","slug":"richard-blum","description":" <p><b>Richard Blum</b> has more than 30 years of experience as a systems administrator and programmer. He teaches online courses in PHP, JavaScript, HTML5, and CSS3 programming, and authored the latest edition of <i>Linux For Dummies</i>. ","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/10600"}}],"primaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":33610,"title":"General Programming & Web Design","slug":"general-programming-web-design","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33610"}},"secondaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"tertiaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"trendingArticles":null,"inThisArticle":[{"label":"The XMLHttpRequest Class Properties","target":"#tab1"}],"relatedArticles":{"fromBook":[{"articleId":253378,"title":"Making Sure Your MySQL Database is ACID Compliant","slug":"making-sure-mysql-database-acid-compliant","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/253378"}},{"articleId":253374,"title":"MySQL Features","slug":"mysql-features","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/253374"}},{"articleId":253362,"title":"How to Set Cookies with PHP","slug":"set-cookies-php","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/253362"}},{"articleId":253250,"title":"What are Accessor Magic Methods in PHP?","slug":"accessor-magic-methods-php","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/253250"}},{"articleId":253246,"title":"What are Mutator Magic Methods in PHP?","slug":"mutator-magic-methods-php","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/253246"}}],"fromCategory":[{"articleId":299575,"title":"HTML, CSS, & JavaScript All-in-One For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"html-css-javascript-all-in-one-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/299575"}},{"articleId":265680,"title":"Using DevOps To Improve Engineering","slug":"tips-for-improving-engineering-performance-with-devops","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/265680"}},{"articleId":265675,"title":"How To Automate DevOps in the Cloud","slug":"make-more-of-your-cloud-tools-automating-devops-in-the-cloud","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/265675"}},{"articleId":265672,"title":"How To Choose a Cloud Service Provider for DevOps","slug":"choosing-the-best-cloud-service-provider-features-and-tools-for-devops","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/265672"}},{"articleId":265664,"title":"How to Form DevOps Teams in Your Organization","slug":"how-to-form-devops-teams-in-your-organization","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/265664"}}]},"hasRelatedBookFromSearch":false,"relatedBook":{"bookId":281821,"slug":"php-mysql-javascript-all-in-one-for-dummies","isbn":"9781119468387","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"amazon":{"default":"//www.amazon.com/gp/product/1119468388/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","ca":"//www.amazon.ca/gp/product/1119468388/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","indigo_ca":"//www.tkqlhce.com/click-9208661-13710633?url=//www.chapters.indigo.ca/en-ca/books/product/1119468388-item.html&cjsku=978111945484","gb":"//www.amazon.co.uk/gp/product/1119468388/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","de":"//www.amazon.de/gp/product/1119468388/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20"},"image":{"src":"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/php-mysql-and-javascript-all-in-one-for-dummies-cover-9781119468387-203x255.jpg","width":203,"height":255},"title":"PHP, MySQL, & JavaScript All-in-One For Dummies","testBankPinActivationLink":"","bookOutOfPrint":false,"authorsInfo":"<p><b data-author-id=\"10600\">Richard Blum</b> has more than 30 years of experience as a systems administrator and programmer. 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","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/10600"}}],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/books/"}},"collections":[],"articleAds":{"footerAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;technology&quot;,&quot;programming-web-design&quot;,&quot;general-programming-web-design&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9781119468387&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-64ca6faebfca3\"></div></div>","rightAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_right_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_right_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;technology&quot;,&quot;programming-web-design&quot;,&quot;general-programming-web-design&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9781119468387&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-64ca6faec0661\"></div></div>"},"articleType":{"articleType":"Articles","articleList":null,"content":null,"videoInfo":{"videoId":null,"name":null,"accountId":null,"playerId":null,"thumbnailUrl":null,"description":null,"uploadDate":null}},"sponsorship":{"sponsorshipPage":false,"backgroundImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"brandingLine":"","brandingLink":"","brandingLogo":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"sponsorAd":"","sponsorEbookTitle":"","sponsorEbookLink":"","sponsorEbookImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0}},"primaryLearningPath":"Advance","lifeExpectancy":"Five years","lifeExpectancySetFrom":"2024-08-02T00:00:00+00:00","dummiesForKids":"no","sponsoredContent":"no","adInfo":"","adPairKey":[]},"status":"publish","visibility":"public","articleId":253381},{"headers":{"creationTime":"2019-06-11T20:58:30+00:00","modifiedTime":"2024-07-24T14:22:37+00:00","timestamp":"2024-07-24T15:01:02+00:00"},"data":{"breadcrumbs":[{"name":"Technology","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33512"},"slug":"technology","categoryId":33512},{"name":"Programming & Web Design","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33592"},"slug":"programming-web-design","categoryId":33592},{"name":"General Programming & Web Design","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33610"},"slug":"general-programming-web-design","categoryId":33610}],"title":"Using Integrated Development Environments for Program Development","strippedTitle":"using integrated development environments for program development","slug":"using-integrated-development-environments-program-development","canonicalUrl":"","手机搜字段擎推广调整系统":{"metaDescription":"The laser-guided miter tool for program development is the integrated development environment (IDE). IDE packages provide everything you could possibly need to ","noIndex":0,"noFollow":0},"content":"The laser-guided miter tool for program development is the <em>integrated development environment</em> (IDE). IDE packages provide everything you could possibly need to develop any size of web application.\r\n\r\nHere are some of the advanced features IDE packages provide:\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li><strong>Code completion:</strong> Start typing a code statement, and the package will provide a pop-up list of statements that match what you’re typing. It also shows what parameters are required and optional for the statement.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Code formatting:</strong> The IDE automatically indents code blocks to help make your code more readable.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Program execution:</strong> You can run your code directly from the editor window without having to jump out to a web browser.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Debugging:</strong> You can step through the program code line by line, watch how variables are set, and see whether any error messages are generated.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Project and file management:</strong> Most IDE packages allow you to group your application files into projects. This allows you to open a project and see just the files associated with that application. Some will even upload the project files to your web-hosting site for you, similar to what the graphical desktop tools do.</li>\r\n</ul>\r\nUsing an IDE tool is not for the faint of heart. Because of all the fancy features, learning how to use the IDE interface can be almost as complicated as learning the programming language!\r\n\r\nThere are both commercial and open-source IDE packages available for the PHP environment. To give you a general idea of how IDE packages operate, check out two of the more popular ones: Netbeans and Eclipse.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab1\" >Netbeans</h2>\r\nThe Netbeans IDE package was originally developed by Sun Microsystems and released as an open-source IDE for its Java programming language environment (thus the “beans” part of the name). When Oracle acquired Sun, it maintained support for Netbeans, and continued development of it with updated releases.\r\n\r\nThe Netbeans IDE now contains support for several different programming languages besides Java by using additional plug-in modules. As you can guess, the reason I’m mentioning it here is because there’s a plug-in module for PHP.\r\n\r\nYou can download the Netbeans editor with the PHP module already installed, making it easy to install. Just go to <u><a href=\"//netbeans.apache.org/download/\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\">netbeans.apache.org/download/</a></u> and click the Download button under the PHP category.\r\n\r\nWhen you start Netbeans, it will prompt you to start a new project.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_253202\" align=\"aligncenter\" width=\"535\"]<img class=\"wp-image-253202 size-full\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/phpmysqljava-netbeans.jpg\" alt=\"Netbeans\" width=\"535\" height=\"307\" /> The Netbeans project dialog box.[/caption]\r\n\r\nNetbeans contains project templates for HTML and JavaScript applications, as well as PHP applications. When you start a new PHP project, Netbeans automatically creates an index.php file as the main program file for the project. It even builds a rough template for your code. As you would expect from an IDE, when you start typing a PHP function name, Netbeans opens a pop-up box that shows all the PHP functions that match what you're typing.\r\n\r\nNot only does it show the code completion list, but it also shows you the PHP manual definition of the function! This is certainly a handy tool to have available if you plan on doing any large-scale PHP development.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab2\" >Eclipse</h2>\r\nThe other big name in PHP IDE packages is the Eclipse PHP Development Tool (usually just called Eclipse PDT). Eclipse was also originally designed as a Java application IDE. Many open-source proponents didn’t trust Sun Microsystems maintaining the only IDE for Java, so they set out to develop their own. (The story goes that there was no intentional wordplay on the name Eclipse versus Sun Microsystems. If you can believe that, I may have a bridge to sell you.)\r\n\r\nJust like the Netbeans IDE, Eclipse evolved from a Java-only IDE to support many different programming languages via the use of plug-in modules. You can download the Eclipse PDT as an all-in-one package at <u><a href=\"//www.eclipse.org/pdt\" target=_\"blank\">eclipse.org/pdt</a></u>.\r\n<p class=\"article-tips warning\">Just like the jEdit editor, Eclipse PDT is written as a Java application and requires that you have a JRE or JDK installed on your workstation.</p>\r\nWhen you start Eclipse, a menu system appears.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_253203\" align=\"aligncenter\" width=\"535\"]<img class=\"wp-image-253203 size-full\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/phpmysqljava-eclipse.jpg\" alt=\"Eclipse \" width=\"535\" height=\"402\" /> The Eclipse start menu.[/caption]\r\n\r\nThis allows you to easily change the IDE configuration, start a new project, or open an existing project. Eclipse has all the same features that Netbeans offers. Plus, it has one additional feature: Eclipse PDT contains the advanced PHP Debugger tool developed by Zend, the company that sponsors PHP. The Debugger tool can help point out errors in your PHP code immediately as you type, or it can debug your code as you run it in the Eclipse editor window.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_253204\" align=\"aligncenter\" width=\"535\"]<img class=\"wp-image-253204 size-full\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/phpmysqljava-php-debugger.jpg\" alt=\"PHP debugger\" width=\"535\" height=\"402\" /> The PHP debugger in action in Eclipse.[/caption]\r\n\r\nHaving an advanced PHP debugger at your fingertips can be a great time-saver when you’re developing large applications!","description":"The laser-guided miter tool for program development is the <em>integrated development environment</em> (IDE). IDE packages provide everything you could possibly need to develop any size of web application.\r\n\r\nHere are some of the advanced features IDE packages provide:\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li><strong>Code completion:</strong> Start typing a code statement, and the package will provide a pop-up list of statements that match what you’re typing. It also shows what parameters are required and optional for the statement.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Code formatting:</strong> The IDE automatically indents code blocks to help make your code more readable.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Program execution:</strong> You can run your code directly from the editor window without having to jump out to a web browser.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Debugging:</strong> You can step through the program code line by line, watch how variables are set, and see whether any error messages are generated.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Project and file management:</strong> Most IDE packages allow you to group your application files into projects. This allows you to open a project and see just the files associated with that application. Some will even upload the project files to your web-hosting site for you, similar to what the graphical desktop tools do.</li>\r\n</ul>\r\nUsing an IDE tool is not for the faint of heart. Because of all the fancy features, learning how to use the IDE interface can be almost as complicated as learning the programming language!\r\n\r\nThere are both commercial and open-source IDE packages available for the PHP environment. To give you a general idea of how IDE packages operate, check out two of the more popular ones: Netbeans and Eclipse.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab1\" >Netbeans</h2>\r\nThe Netbeans IDE package was originally developed by Sun Microsystems and released as an open-source IDE for its Java programming language environment (thus the “beans” part of the name). When Oracle acquired Sun, it maintained support for Netbeans, and continued development of it with updated releases.\r\n\r\nThe Netbeans IDE now contains support for several different programming languages besides Java by using additional plug-in modules. As you can guess, the reason I’m mentioning it here is because there’s a plug-in module for PHP.\r\n\r\nYou can download the Netbeans editor with the PHP module already installed, making it easy to install. Just go to <u><a href=\"//netbeans.apache.org/download/\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\">netbeans.apache.org/download/</a></u> and click the Download button under the PHP category.\r\n\r\nWhen you start Netbeans, it will prompt you to start a new project.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_253202\" align=\"aligncenter\" width=\"535\"]<img class=\"wp-image-253202 size-full\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/phpmysqljava-netbeans.jpg\" alt=\"Netbeans\" width=\"535\" height=\"307\" /> The Netbeans project dialog box.[/caption]\r\n\r\nNetbeans contains project templates for HTML and JavaScript applications, as well as PHP applications. When you start a new PHP project, Netbeans automatically creates an index.php file as the main program file for the project. It even builds a rough template for your code. As you would expect from an IDE, when you start typing a PHP function name, Netbeans opens a pop-up box that shows all the PHP functions that match what you're typing.\r\n\r\nNot only does it show the code completion list, but it also shows you the PHP manual definition of the function! This is certainly a handy tool to have available if you plan on doing any large-scale PHP development.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab2\" >Eclipse</h2>\r\nThe other big name in PHP IDE packages is the Eclipse PHP Development Tool (usually just called Eclipse PDT). Eclipse was also originally designed as a Java application IDE. Many open-source proponents didn’t trust Sun Microsystems maintaining the only IDE for Java, so they set out to develop their own. (The story goes that there was no intentional wordplay on the name Eclipse versus Sun Microsystems. If you can believe that, I may have a bridge to sell you.)\r\n\r\nJust like the Netbeans IDE, Eclipse evolved from a Java-only IDE to support many different programming languages via the use of plug-in modules. You can download the Eclipse PDT as an all-in-one package at <u><a href=\"//www.eclipse.org/pdt\" target=_\"blank\">eclipse.org/pdt</a></u>.\r\n<p class=\"article-tips warning\">Just like the jEdit editor, Eclipse PDT is written as a Java application and requires that you have a JRE or JDK installed on your workstation.</p>\r\nWhen you start Eclipse, a menu system appears.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_253203\" align=\"aligncenter\" width=\"535\"]<img class=\"wp-image-253203 size-full\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/phpmysqljava-eclipse.jpg\" alt=\"Eclipse \" width=\"535\" height=\"402\" /> The Eclipse start menu.[/caption]\r\n\r\nThis allows you to easily change the IDE configuration, start a new project, or open an existing project. Eclipse has all the same features that Netbeans offers. Plus, it has one additional feature: Eclipse PDT contains the advanced PHP Debugger tool developed by Zend, the company that sponsors PHP. The Debugger tool can help point out errors in your PHP code immediately as you type, or it can debug your code as you run it in the Eclipse editor window.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_253204\" align=\"aligncenter\" width=\"535\"]<img class=\"wp-image-253204 size-full\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/phpmysqljava-php-debugger.jpg\" alt=\"PHP debugger\" width=\"535\" height=\"402\" /> The PHP debugger in action in Eclipse.[/caption]\r\n\r\nHaving an advanced PHP debugger at your fingertips can be a great time-saver when you’re developing large applications!","blurb":"","authors":[{"authorId":10600,"name":"Richard Blum","slug":"richard-blum","description":" <p><b>Richard Blum</b> has more than 30 years of experience as a systems administrator and programmer. He teaches online courses in PHP, JavaScript, HTML5, and CSS3 programming, and authored the latest edition of <i>Linux For Dummies</i>. ","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/10600"}}],"primaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":33610,"title":"General Programming & Web Design","slug":"general-programming-web-design","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33610"}},"secondaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"tertiaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"trendingArticles":null,"inThisArticle":[{"label":"Netbeans","target":"#tab1"},{"label":"Eclipse","target":"#tab2"}],"relatedArticles":{"fromBook":[{"articleId":253381,"title":"Using XMLHttpRequest Class Properties","slug":"using-xmlhttprequest-class-properties","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/253381"}},{"articleId":253378,"title":"Making Sure Your MySQL Database is ACID Compliant","slug":"making-sure-mysql-database-acid-compliant","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/253378"}},{"articleId":253374,"title":"MySQL Features","slug":"mysql-features","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/253374"}},{"articleId":253362,"title":"How to Set Cookies with PHP","slug":"set-cookies-php","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/253362"}},{"articleId":253250,"title":"What are Accessor Magic Methods in PHP?","slug":"accessor-magic-methods-php","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/253250"}}],"fromCategory":[{"articleId":299575,"title":"HTML, CSS, & JavaScript All-in-One For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"html-css-javascript-all-in-one-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/299575"}},{"articleId":265680,"title":"Using DevOps To Improve Engineering","slug":"tips-for-improving-engineering-performance-with-devops","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/265680"}},{"articleId":265675,"title":"How To Automate DevOps in the Cloud","slug":"make-more-of-your-cloud-tools-automating-devops-in-the-cloud","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/265675"}},{"articleId":265672,"title":"How To Choose a Cloud Service Provider for DevOps","slug":"choosing-the-best-cloud-service-provider-features-and-tools-for-devops","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/265672"}},{"articleId":265664,"title":"How to Form DevOps Teams in Your Organization","slug":"how-to-form-devops-teams-in-your-organization","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/265664"}}]},"hasRelatedBookFromSearch":false,"relatedBook":{"bookId":281821,"slug":"php-mysql-javascript-all-in-one-for-dummies","isbn":"9781119468387","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"amazon":{"default":"//www.amazon.com/gp/product/1119468388/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","ca":"//www.amazon.ca/gp/product/1119468388/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","indigo_ca":"//www.tkqlhce.com/click-9208661-13710633?url=//www.chapters.indigo.ca/en-ca/books/product/1119468388-item.html&cjsku=978111945484","gb":"//www.amazon.co.uk/gp/product/1119468388/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","de":"//www.amazon.de/gp/product/1119468388/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20"},"image":{"src":"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/php-mysql-and-javascript-all-in-one-for-dummies-cover-9781119468387-203x255.jpg","width":203,"height":255},"title":"PHP, MySQL, & JavaScript All-in-One For Dummies","testBankPinActivationLink":"","bookOutOfPrint":false,"authorsInfo":"<p><b data-author-id=\"10600\">Richard Blum</b> has more than 30 years of experience as a systems administrator and programmer. He teaches online courses in PHP, JavaScript, HTML5, and CSS3 programming, and authored the latest edition of <i>Linux For Dummies</i>. </p>","authors":[{"authorId":10600,"name":"Richard Blum","slug":"richard-blum","description":" <p><b>Richard Blum</b> has more than 30 years of experience as a systems administrator and programmer. He teaches online courses in PHP, JavaScript, HTML5, and CSS3 programming, and authored the latest edition of <i>Linux For Dummies</i>. ","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/10600"}}],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/books/"}},"collections":[],"articleAds":{"footerAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;technology&quot;,&quot;programming-web-design&quot;,&quot;general-programming-web-design&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9781119468387&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-64be922ee1e02\"></div></div>","rightAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_right_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_right_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;technology&quot;,&quot;programming-web-design&quot;,&quot;general-programming-web-design&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9781119468387&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-64be922ee2cfc\"></div></div>"},"articleType":{"articleType":"Articles","articleList":null,"content":null,"videoInfo":{"videoId":null,"name":null,"accountId":null,"playerId":null,"thumbnailUrl":null,"description":null,"uploadDate":null}},"sponsorship":{"sponsorshipPage":false,"backgroundImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"brandingLine":"","brandingLink":"","brandingLogo":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"sponsorAd":"","sponsorEbookTitle":"","sponsorEbookLink":"","sponsorEbookImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0}},"primaryLearningPath":"Advance","lifeExpectancy":"Two years","lifeExpectancySetFrom":"2024-07-24T00:00:00+00:00","dummiesForKids":"no","sponsoredContent":"no","adInfo":"","adPairKey":[]},"status":"publish","visibility":"public","articleId":253201},{"headers":{"creationTime":"2020-11-12T18:05:01+00:00","modifiedTime":"2024-07-10T15:43:33+00:00","timestamp":"2024-07-10T18:01:04+00:00"},"data":{"breadcrumbs":[{"name":"Technology","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33512"},"slug":"technology","categoryId":33512},{"name":"Programming & Web Design","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33592"},"slug":"programming-web-design","categoryId":33592},{"name":"General Programming & Web Design","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33610"},"slug":"general-programming-web-design","categoryId":33610}],"title":"How To Choose a Cloud Service Provider for DevOps","strippedTitle":"how to choose a cloud service provider for devops","slug":"choosing-the-best-cloud-service-provider-features-and-tools-for-devops","canonicalUrl":"","手机搜字段擎推广调整系统":{"metaDescription":"When implementing a DevOps initiative, you'll want to make sure you have the right cloud provider and tools. Use this guide to evaluate your DevOps options.","noIndex":0,"noFollow":0},"content":"The success of your DevOps initiative relies heavily on following the process, but it’s also important to use the right tools. Selecting a cloud service provider isn’t an easy choice, especially when DevOps is your driving motivation. GCP (Google Cloud Platform), AWS (Amazon Web Services), and Azure have more in common than they do apart.\r\n\r\nOften, your decision depends more on your DevOps team’s comfort level with a <a href=\"//www.coursofppt.com/programming/cloud-computing/how-to-work-with-a-service-provider-in-cloud-computing/\">particular cloud provider</a> or your current stack more than the cloud provider itself. After you’ve decided to move to the cloud, the next decision is to decide on a cloud provider that fits your DevOps needs. Here are some things to consider when <a href=\"//www.coursofppt.com/programming/cloud-computing/hybrid-cloud/questions-to-ask-a-possible-cloud-services-provider/\">evaluating cloud providers</a> with DevOps principles in mind:\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li><strong>Solid track record.</strong> The cloud you choose should have a history of responsible financial decisions and enough capital to operate and expand large datacenters over decades.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Compliance and risk management. </strong><strong>Formal structure and established compliance policies are vital to ensure that your data is safe and secure. Ideally, review audits before you sign contracts.</strong></li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Positive reputation. </strong><strong>Customer trust is absolutely key. Do you trust that you can rely on this cloud provider to continue to grow and support your evolving DevOps needs?</strong></li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Service Level Agreements (SLAs).</strong> What level of service do you require? Typically cloud providers offer various levels of uptime reliability based on cost. For example, 99.9 percent uptime will be significantly cheaper than 99.999 percent uptime.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Metrics and monitoring.</strong> What types of application insights, monitoring, and telemetry does the vendor supply? Be sure that you can gain an appropriate level of insight into your systems in as close to real-time as possible.</li>\r\n</ul>\r\nFinally, ensure the cloud provider you choose has excellent technical capabilities that provide services that meet your specific <a href=\"//www.coursofppt.com/business/operations-management/devops-for-dummies-cheat-sheet/\">DevOps</a> needs. Generally, look for\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li>Compute capabilities</li>\r\n \t<li>Storage solutions</li>\r\n \t<li>Deployment features</li>\r\n \t<li>Logging and monitoring</li>\r\n \t<li>Friendly user interfaces</li>\r\n</ul>\r\nYou should also confirm the capability to implement a hybrid cloud solution in case you need to at some point, as well as to make HTTP calls to other APIs and services.\r\n\r\nThe three major cloud providers are Google Cloud Platform (GCP), Microsoft Azure, and Amazon web Services (AWS). You can also find smaller cloud providers and certainly a number of private cloud providers, but the bulk of what you need to know comes from comparing the public cloud providers.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab1\" >Amazon Web Services (AWS)</h2>\r\nAs do the other major public cloud providers, <a href=\"//www.coursofppt.com/programming/cloud-computing/amazon-web-services/quick-overview-amazon-web-services/\">AWS</a> provides on-demand computing through a pay-as-you-go subscription. Users of AWS can subscribe to any number of services and computing resources. Amazon is the current market leader among cloud providers, holding the majority of cloud subscribers.\r\n\r\nIt offers a robust set of features and services in regions throughout the world. Two of the most well-known services are Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) and Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3). As with other cloud providers, services are accessed and infrastructure is provisioned through APIs.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab2\" >Microsoft Azure</h2>\r\nBefore Microsoft launched this cloud provider as <a href=\"//www.coursofppt.com/software/microsoft-office/can-microsoft-azure/\">Microsoft Azure</a>, it was called Windows Azure. Microsoft designed it to do just what the name implies — serve as a cloud provider for traditionally Windows IT organizations. But as the market became more competitive and Microsoft started to better understand the engineering landscape, Azure adapted, grew, and evolved.\r\n\r\nAlthough still arguably less robust than AWS, Azure is a well-rounded cloud provider focused on user experience. Through various product launches and acquisitions — notably GitHub — Microsoft has invested heavily in Linux infrastructure, which has enabled it to provide more robust services to a wider audience.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab3\" >Google Cloud Platform (GCP)</h2>\r\nThe <a href=\"//www.coursofppt.com/web-design-development/other-web-software/work-google-cloud-platform-projects/\">Google Cloud Platform</a> (GCP) has the least market share of the three major public cloud providers but offers a substantial set of cloud services throughout nearly two dozen geographic regions.\r\n\r\nPerhaps the most appealing aspect of GCP is that it offers users the same infrastructure Google uses internally. This infrastructure includes extremely powerful computing, storage, analytics, and machine learning services. Depending on your specific product, GCP may have specialized tools that are lacking (or less mature) in AWS and Azure.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab4\" >Finding DevOps tools and services in the cloud</h2>\r\nLiterally hundreds of tools and services are at your disposal through the major cloud providers. Those tools and services are generally separated into the following categories:\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li>Compute</li>\r\n \t<li>Storage</li>\r\n \t<li>Networking</li>\r\n \t<li>Resource management</li>\r\n \t<li>Cloud Artificial Intelligence (AI)</li>\r\n \t<li>Identity</li>\r\n \t<li>Security</li>\r\n \t<li>Serverless</li>\r\n \t<li>IoT</li>\r\n</ul>\r\nFollowing is a list of the most commonly used services across all three of the major cloud providers. These services include app deployment, virtual machine (VM) management, container orchestration, serverless functions, storage, and databases.\r\n\r\nAdditional services are included, such as identity management, block storage, private cloud, secrets storage, and more. It’s far from an exhaustive list but can serve as a solid foundation for you as you begin to research your options and get a feel for what differentiates the cloud providers.\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li><strong>App deployment:</strong> Platform as a Service (PaaS) solution for deploying applications in a variety of languages including Java, .NET, Python, Node.js, C#, Ruby, and Go\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li><strong>Azure:</strong> Azure Cloud Services</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>AWS:</strong> AWS Elastic Beanstalk</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>GCP:</strong> Google App Engine</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li><strong>Virtual machine (VM) management:</strong> Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) option for running virtual machines (VMs) with Linux or Windows\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li><strong>Azure:</strong> Azure Virtual Machines</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>AWS:</strong> Amazon EC2</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>GCP:</strong> Google Compute Engine</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li><strong>Managed Kubernetes:</strong> Enables better container management via the popular orchestrator Kubernetes\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li><strong>Azure:</strong> Azure Kubernetes Service (AKS)</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>AWS:</strong> Amazon Elastic Container Service (ECS) for Kubernetes</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>GCP:</strong> Google Kubernetes Engine</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li><strong>Serverless:</strong> Enables users to create logical workflows of serverless functions\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li><strong>Azure:</strong> Azure Functions</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>AWS:</strong> AWS Lambda</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>GCP:</strong> Google Cloud Functions</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li><strong>Cloud storage:</strong> Unstructured object storage with caching\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li><strong>Azure:</strong> Azure Blob Storage</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>AWS:</strong> Amazon S3</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>GCP:</strong> Google Cloud Storage</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li><strong>Databases:</strong> SQL and NoSQL databases, on demand\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li><strong>Azure:</strong> Azure Cosmos DB</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>AWS:</strong> Amazon Relational Database Service (RDS) and Amazon DynamoDB (NoSQL)</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>GCP:</strong> Google Cloud SQL and Google Cloud BigTable (NoSQL)</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\nAs you explore the three major cloud providers, you notice a long list of services. You may feel overwhelmed by the hundreds of options at your disposal. If, by chance, you can’t find what you need, the marketplace will likely provide something similar. The marketplace is where independent developers offer services that plug into the cloud — hosted by Azure, AWS or GCP.\r\n\r\nThe table below lists additional services provided by most, if not all, cloud providers.\r\n<table><caption>Common Cloud Services</caption>\r\n<tbody>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td width=\"319\">Service Category</td>\r\n<td width=\"319\">Functionality</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td width=\"319\"><strong>Block storage</strong></td>\r\n<td width=\"319\">Data storage used in storage-area network (SAN) environments. Block storage is similar to storing data on a hard drive.</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td width=\"319\"><strong>Virtual Private Cloud (VPC)</strong></td>\r\n<td width=\"319\">Logically isolated, shared computing resources.</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td width=\"319\"><strong>Firewall</strong></td>\r\n<td width=\"319\">Network security that controls traffic.</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td width=\"319\"><strong>Content Delivery Network (CDN)</strong></td>\r\n<td width=\"319\">Content delivery based on the location of the user. Typically utilizes caching, load balancing and analytics.</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td width=\"319\"><strong>Domain Name System (DNS)</strong></td>\r\n<td width=\"319\">Translator of domain names to IP addresses for browsers.</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td width=\"319\"><strong>Single Sign-On (SSO)</strong></td>\r\n<td width=\"319\">Access control to multiple systems or applications using the same credentials. If you’ve logged into an independent application with your Google, Twitter or GitHub credentials, you’ve used SSO.</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td width=\"319\"><strong>Identity and Access Management (IAM)</strong></td>\r\n<td width=\"319\">Role-based user access management. Pre-determined roles have access to a set group of features; users are assigned roles.</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td width=\"319\"><strong>Telemetry, monitoring and logging</strong></td>\r\n<td width=\"319\">Tools to provide application insights on performance, server load, memory consumption and more.</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td width=\"319\"><strong>Deployments</strong></td>\r\n<td width=\"319\">Configuration, infrastructure and release pipeline management tools.</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td width=\"319\"><strong>Cloud shell</strong></td>\r\n<td width=\"319\">Shell access from a command-line interface (CLI) within the browser.</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td width=\"319\"><strong>Secrets storage</strong></td>\r\n<td width=\"319\">Secure storage of keys, tokens, passwords, certificates and other secrets.</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td width=\"319\"><strong>Message Queues</strong></td>\r\n<td width=\"319\">Dynamically scaled message brokers.</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td width=\"319\"><strong>Machine Learning (ML)</strong></td>\r\n<td width=\"319\">Deep learning frameworks and tools for data scientists.</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td width=\"319\"><strong>IoT</strong></td>\r\n<td width=\"319\">Device connection and management.</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n</tbody>\r\n</table>\r\n<h1></h1>","description":"The success of your DevOps initiative relies heavily on following the process, but it’s also important to use the right tools. Selecting a cloud service provider isn’t an easy choice, especially when DevOps is your driving motivation. GCP (Google Cloud Platform), AWS (Amazon Web Services), and Azure have more in common than they do apart.\r\n\r\nOften, your decision depends more on your DevOps team’s comfort level with a <a href=\"//www.coursofppt.com/programming/cloud-computing/how-to-work-with-a-service-provider-in-cloud-computing/\">particular cloud provider</a> or your current stack more than the cloud provider itself. After you’ve decided to move to the cloud, the next decision is to decide on a cloud provider that fits your DevOps needs. Here are some things to consider when <a href=\"//www.coursofppt.com/programming/cloud-computing/hybrid-cloud/questions-to-ask-a-possible-cloud-services-provider/\">evaluating cloud providers</a> with DevOps principles in mind:\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li><strong>Solid track record.</strong> The cloud you choose should have a history of responsible financial decisions and enough capital to operate and expand large datacenters over decades.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Compliance and risk management. </strong><strong>Formal structure and established compliance policies are vital to ensure that your data is safe and secure. Ideally, review audits before you sign contracts.</strong></li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Positive reputation. </strong><strong>Customer trust is absolutely key. Do you trust that you can rely on this cloud provider to continue to grow and support your evolving DevOps needs?</strong></li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Service Level Agreements (SLAs).</strong> What level of service do you require? Typically cloud providers offer various levels of uptime reliability based on cost. For example, 99.9 percent uptime will be significantly cheaper than 99.999 percent uptime.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Metrics and monitoring.</strong> What types of application insights, monitoring, and telemetry does the vendor supply? Be sure that you can gain an appropriate level of insight into your systems in as close to real-time as possible.</li>\r\n</ul>\r\nFinally, ensure the cloud provider you choose has excellent technical capabilities that provide services that meet your specific <a href=\"//www.coursofppt.com/business/operations-management/devops-for-dummies-cheat-sheet/\">DevOps</a> needs. Generally, look for\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li>Compute capabilities</li>\r\n \t<li>Storage solutions</li>\r\n \t<li>Deployment features</li>\r\n \t<li>Logging and monitoring</li>\r\n \t<li>Friendly user interfaces</li>\r\n</ul>\r\nYou should also confirm the capability to implement a hybrid cloud solution in case you need to at some point, as well as to make HTTP calls to other APIs and services.\r\n\r\nThe three major cloud providers are Google Cloud Platform (GCP), Microsoft Azure, and Amazon web Services (AWS). You can also find smaller cloud providers and certainly a number of private cloud providers, but the bulk of what you need to know comes from comparing the public cloud providers.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab1\" >Amazon Web Services (AWS)</h2>\r\nAs do the other major public cloud providers, <a href=\"//www.coursofppt.com/programming/cloud-computing/amazon-web-services/quick-overview-amazon-web-services/\">AWS</a> provides on-demand computing through a pay-as-you-go subscription. Users of AWS can subscribe to any number of services and computing resources. Amazon is the current market leader among cloud providers, holding the majority of cloud subscribers.\r\n\r\nIt offers a robust set of features and services in regions throughout the world. Two of the most well-known services are Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) and Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3). As with other cloud providers, services are accessed and infrastructure is provisioned through APIs.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab2\" >Microsoft Azure</h2>\r\nBefore Microsoft launched this cloud provider as <a href=\"//www.coursofppt.com/software/microsoft-office/can-microsoft-azure/\">Microsoft Azure</a>, it was called Windows Azure. Microsoft designed it to do just what the name implies — serve as a cloud provider for traditionally Windows IT organizations. But as the market became more competitive and Microsoft started to better understand the engineering landscape, Azure adapted, grew, and evolved.\r\n\r\nAlthough still arguably less robust than AWS, Azure is a well-rounded cloud provider focused on user experience. Through various product launches and acquisitions — notably GitHub — Microsoft has invested heavily in Linux infrastructure, which has enabled it to provide more robust services to a wider audience.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab3\" >Google Cloud Platform (GCP)</h2>\r\nThe <a href=\"//www.coursofppt.com/web-design-development/other-web-software/work-google-cloud-platform-projects/\">Google Cloud Platform</a> (GCP) has the least market share of the three major public cloud providers but offers a substantial set of cloud services throughout nearly two dozen geographic regions.\r\n\r\nPerhaps the most appealing aspect of GCP is that it offers users the same infrastructure Google uses internally. This infrastructure includes extremely powerful computing, storage, analytics, and machine learning services. Depending on your specific product, GCP may have specialized tools that are lacking (or less mature) in AWS and Azure.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab4\" >Finding DevOps tools and services in the cloud</h2>\r\nLiterally hundreds of tools and services are at your disposal through the major cloud providers. Those tools and services are generally separated into the following categories:\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li>Compute</li>\r\n \t<li>Storage</li>\r\n \t<li>Networking</li>\r\n \t<li>Resource management</li>\r\n \t<li>Cloud Artificial Intelligence (AI)</li>\r\n \t<li>Identity</li>\r\n \t<li>Security</li>\r\n \t<li>Serverless</li>\r\n \t<li>IoT</li>\r\n</ul>\r\nFollowing is a list of the most commonly used services across all three of the major cloud providers. These services include app deployment, virtual machine (VM) management, container orchestration, serverless functions, storage, and databases.\r\n\r\nAdditional services are included, such as identity management, block storage, private cloud, secrets storage, and more. It’s far from an exhaustive list but can serve as a solid foundation for you as you begin to research your options and get a feel for what differentiates the cloud providers.\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li><strong>App deployment:</strong> Platform as a Service (PaaS) solution for deploying applications in a variety of languages including Java, .NET, Python, Node.js, C#, Ruby, and Go\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li><strong>Azure:</strong> Azure Cloud Services</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>AWS:</strong> AWS Elastic Beanstalk</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>GCP:</strong> Google App Engine</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li><strong>Virtual machine (VM) management:</strong> Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) option for running virtual machines (VMs) with Linux or Windows\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li><strong>Azure:</strong> Azure Virtual Machines</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>AWS:</strong> Amazon EC2</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>GCP:</strong> Google Compute Engine</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li><strong>Managed Kubernetes:</strong> Enables better container management via the popular orchestrator Kubernetes\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li><strong>Azure:</strong> Azure Kubernetes Service (AKS)</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>AWS:</strong> Amazon Elastic Container Service (ECS) for Kubernetes</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>GCP:</strong> Google Kubernetes Engine</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li><strong>Serverless:</strong> Enables users to create logical workflows of serverless functions\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li><strong>Azure:</strong> Azure Functions</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>AWS:</strong> AWS Lambda</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>GCP:</strong> Google Cloud Functions</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li><strong>Cloud storage:</strong> Unstructured object storage with caching\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li><strong>Azure:</strong> Azure Blob Storage</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>AWS:</strong> Amazon S3</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>GCP:</strong> Google Cloud Storage</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li><strong>Databases:</strong> SQL and NoSQL databases, on demand\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li><strong>Azure:</strong> Azure Cosmos DB</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>AWS:</strong> Amazon Relational Database Service (RDS) and Amazon DynamoDB (NoSQL)</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>GCP:</strong> Google Cloud SQL and Google Cloud BigTable (NoSQL)</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\nAs you explore the three major cloud providers, you notice a long list of services. You may feel overwhelmed by the hundreds of options at your disposal. If, by chance, you can’t find what you need, the marketplace will likely provide something similar. The marketplace is where independent developers offer services that plug into the cloud — hosted by Azure, AWS or GCP.\r\n\r\nThe table below lists additional services provided by most, if not all, cloud providers.\r\n<table><caption>Common Cloud Services</caption>\r\n<tbody>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td width=\"319\">Service Category</td>\r\n<td width=\"319\">Functionality</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td width=\"319\"><strong>Block storage</strong></td>\r\n<td width=\"319\">Data storage used in storage-area network (SAN) environments. Block storage is similar to storing data on a hard drive.</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td width=\"319\"><strong>Virtual Private Cloud (VPC)</strong></td>\r\n<td width=\"319\">Logically isolated, shared computing resources.</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td width=\"319\"><strong>Firewall</strong></td>\r\n<td width=\"319\">Network security that controls traffic.</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td width=\"319\"><strong>Content Delivery Network (CDN)</strong></td>\r\n<td width=\"319\">Content delivery based on the location of the user. Typically utilizes caching, load balancing and analytics.</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td width=\"319\"><strong>Domain Name System (DNS)</strong></td>\r\n<td width=\"319\">Translator of domain names to IP addresses for browsers.</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td width=\"319\"><strong>Single Sign-On (SSO)</strong></td>\r\n<td width=\"319\">Access control to multiple systems or applications using the same credentials. If you’ve logged into an independent application with your Google, Twitter or GitHub credentials, you’ve used SSO.</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td width=\"319\"><strong>Identity and Access Management (IAM)</strong></td>\r\n<td width=\"319\">Role-based user access management. Pre-determined roles have access to a set group of features; users are assigned roles.</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td width=\"319\"><strong>Telemetry, monitoring and logging</strong></td>\r\n<td width=\"319\">Tools to provide application insights on performance, server load, memory consumption and more.</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td width=\"319\"><strong>Deployments</strong></td>\r\n<td width=\"319\">Configuration, infrastructure and release pipeline management tools.</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td width=\"319\"><strong>Cloud shell</strong></td>\r\n<td width=\"319\">Shell access from a command-line interface (CLI) within the browser.</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td width=\"319\"><strong>Secrets storage</strong></td>\r\n<td width=\"319\">Secure storage of keys, tokens, passwords, certificates and other secrets.</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td width=\"319\"><strong>Message Queues</strong></td>\r\n<td width=\"319\">Dynamically scaled message brokers.</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td width=\"319\"><strong>Machine Learning (ML)</strong></td>\r\n<td width=\"319\">Deep learning frameworks and tools for data scientists.</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td width=\"319\"><strong>IoT</strong></td>\r\n<td width=\"319\">Device connection and management.</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n</tbody>\r\n</table>\r\n<h1></h1>","blurb":"","authors":[{"authorId":30388,"name":"Emily Freeman","slug":"emily-freeman","description":" <p><b>Emily Freeman</b> is a technologist and storyteller who helps engineering teams improve their velocity. She believes the biggest challenges facing engineers aren&#39;t technical, but human. She&#39;s worked with both cutting&#45;edge startups and some of the largest technology providers in the world. Emily is currently a Senior Cloud Advocate at Microsoft and a frequent keynote speaker at technology events. ","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/30388"}}],"primaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":33610,"title":"General Programming & Web Design","slug":"general-programming-web-design","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33610"}},"secondaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"tertiaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"trendingArticles":null,"inThisArticle":[{"label":"Amazon Web Services (AWS)","target":"#tab1"},{"label":"Microsoft Azure","target":"#tab2"},{"label":"Google Cloud Platform (GCP)","target":"#tab3"},{"label":"Finding DevOps tools and services in the cloud","target":"#tab4"}],"relatedArticles":{"fromBook":[{"articleId":265680,"title":"Using DevOps To Improve Engineering","slug":"tips-for-improving-engineering-performance-with-devops","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/265680"}},{"articleId":265675,"title":"How To Automate DevOps in the Cloud","slug":"make-more-of-your-cloud-tools-automating-devops-in-the-cloud","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/265675"}},{"articleId":265664,"title":"How to Form DevOps Teams in Your Organization","slug":"how-to-form-devops-teams-in-your-organization","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/265664"}},{"articleId":265656,"title":"Moving to DevOps Processes: From a Line to a Circuit","slug":"moving-to-devops-processes-from-a-line-to-a-circuit","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/265656"}},{"articleId":265651,"title":"Interview Techniques for Building a DevOps Team: Getting the Right Technical Skills","slug":"interview-techniques-for-building-a-devops-team-getting-the-right-technical-skills","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/265651"}}],"fromCategory":[{"articleId":299575,"title":"HTML, CSS, & JavaScript All-in-One For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"html-css-javascript-all-in-one-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/299575"}},{"articleId":265680,"title":"Using DevOps To Improve Engineering","slug":"tips-for-improving-engineering-performance-with-devops","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/265680"}},{"articleId":265675,"title":"How To Automate DevOps in the Cloud","slug":"make-more-of-your-cloud-tools-automating-devops-in-the-cloud","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/265675"}},{"articleId":265664,"title":"How to Form DevOps Teams in Your Organization","slug":"how-to-form-devops-teams-in-your-organization","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/265664"}},{"articleId":265656,"title":"Moving to DevOps Processes: From a Line to a Circuit","slug":"moving-to-devops-processes-from-a-line-to-a-circuit","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/265656"}}]},"hasRelatedBookFromSearch":false,"relatedBook":{"bookId":281681,"slug":"devops-for-dummies","isbn":"9781119552222","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"amazon":{"default":"//www.amazon.com/gp/product/1119552222/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","ca":"//www.amazon.ca/gp/product/1119552222/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","indigo_ca":"//www.tkqlhce.com/click-9208661-13710633?url=//www.chapters.indigo.ca/en-ca/books/product/1119552222-item.html&cjsku=978111945484","gb":"//www.amazon.co.uk/gp/product/1119552222/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","de":"//www.amazon.de/gp/product/1119552222/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20"},"image":{"src":"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/devops-for-dummies-cover-9781119552222-203x255.jpg","width":203,"height":255},"title":"DevOps For Dummies","testBankPinActivationLink":"","bookOutOfPrint":false,"authorsInfo":"<p><b data-author-id=\"30388\">Emily Freeman</b> is a technologist and storyteller who helps engineering teams improve their velocity. She believes the biggest challenges facing engineers aren't technical, but human. She's worked with both cutting-edge startups and some of the largest technology providers in the world. Emily is currently a Senior Cloud Advocate at Microsoft and a frequent keynote speaker at technology events. </p>","authors":[{"authorId":30388,"name":"Emily Freeman","slug":"emily-freeman","description":" <p><b>Emily Freeman</b> is a technologist and storyteller who helps engineering teams improve their velocity. She believes the biggest challenges facing engineers aren&#39;t technical, but human. She&#39;s worked with both cutting&#45;edge startups and some of the largest technology providers in the world. Emily is currently a Senior Cloud Advocate at Microsoft and a frequent keynote speaker at technology events. ","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/30388"}}],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/books/"}},"collections":[],"articleAds":{"footerAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;technology&quot;,&quot;programming-web-design&quot;,&quot;general-programming-web-design&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9781119552222&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-64ac4760e79f6\"></div></div>","rightAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_right_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_right_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;technology&quot;,&quot;programming-web-design&quot;,&quot;general-programming-web-design&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9781119552222&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-64ac4760e82ab\"></div></div>"},"articleType":{"articleType":"Articles","articleList":null,"content":null,"videoInfo":{"videoId":null,"name":null,"accountId":null,"playerId":null,"thumbnailUrl":null,"description":null,"uploadDate":null}},"sponsorship":{"sponsorshipPage":false,"backgroundImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"brandingLine":"","brandingLink":"","brandingLogo":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"sponsorAd":"","sponsorEbookTitle":"","sponsorEbookLink":"","sponsorEbookImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0}},"primaryLearningPath":"Advance","lifeExpectancy":"Two years","lifeExpectancySetFrom":"2024-07-10T00:00:00+00:00","dummiesForKids":"no","sponsoredContent":"no","adInfo":"","adPairKey":[]},"status":"publish","visibility":"public","articleId":265672},{"headers":{"creationTime":"2019-04-15T22:51:48+00:00","modifiedTime":"2024-06-07T15:40:12+00:00","timestamp":"2024-06-07T18:01:02+00:00"},"data":{"breadcrumbs":[{"name":"Technology","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33512"},"slug":"technology","categoryId":33512},{"name":"Programming & Web Design","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33592"},"slug":"programming-web-design","categoryId":33592},{"name":"General Programming & Web Design","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33610"},"slug":"general-programming-web-design","categoryId":33610}],"title":"Defining Virtual, Augmented, Mixed, and Extended Realities","strippedTitle":"defining virtual, augmented, mixed, and extended realities","slug":"virtual-reality-augmented-reality-mixed-reality-extended-reality","canonicalUrl":"","手机搜字段擎推广调整系统":{"metaDescription":"If you’ve been paying attention to the tech world recently, you’ve likely heard a number of new terms being thrown around — virtual reality, augmented reality, ","noIndex":0,"noFollow":0},"content":"If you’ve been paying attention to the tech world recently, you’ve likely heard a number of new terms being thrown around — <em>virtual reality, augmented reality, extended reality,</em> and <em>mixed reality</em> — and you may have wondered what they mean. To help make sense of it all, here’s a breakdown of each of those terms, how they’re alike, and how they’re different.\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li><strong>Virtual reality (VR): </strong>A computer-simulated reality that simulates a fully artificial environment that does not physically exist. Users within VR are closed off from the real world. Consumer VR executions typically consist of a headset and some sort of controller.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Augmented reality (AR):</strong> A way of viewing the real world in which your view of the real world is “augmented” by computer-generated input, such as still images, audio, or video. AR differs from VR in that AR <em>augments</em> (adds to) a real-world scene, instead of creating something from scratch. AR headsets aren’t quite commonplace yet, but you may have an AR device in your pocket: Newer generations of both iOS and Android devices have been enabled with AR capabilities.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Mixed reality (MR):</strong> MR may take your view of the real world and integrate computer-generated content that can interact with that view of the real world. Or it may take a fully digital environment and connect it to real-world objects. In this way, MR can sometimes function similarly to VR and sometimes function similarly to AR. You’ll often hear the terms being used interchangeably, which can be confusing. Here’s a quick glance at the differences.</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<p style=\"padding-left: 30px;\">In MR, you may have a view of the real world, and a digital basketball may appear to bounce off the real world floor and walls, or a digital rocket ship may appear to land on your coffee table. This is AR-based MR, and you’ll often just hear these experiences referred to as AR.</p>\r\n<p style=\"padding-left: 30px;\">In other MR instances, you may only see a completely digital environment with no view of the real world, but that digital environment is connected to real-world objects around you. In your virtual world, real-world tables or chairs may digitally appear as rocks or trees. Real-world office walls may appear as moss-covered cave walls. This is VR-based MR, sometimes called <em>augmented virtuality.</em></p>\r\n<p style=\"padding-left: 30px;\">Mixed reality is gaining traction in the industry, especially AR-based mixed reality. Remember that it is not uncommon for the terms <em>augmented reality</em> and <em>mixed reality</em> to be used synonymously.</p>\r\n\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li><strong>Extended reality (XR): </strong>The umbrella term used for all these technologies. It can cover everything from VR to MR to AR technologies. People sometimes use the term <em>virtual reality</em> to refer to all of the above, but the correct umbrella term is <em>extended reality.</em></li>\r\n</ul>","description":"If you’ve been paying attention to the tech world recently, you’ve likely heard a number of new terms being thrown around — <em>virtual reality, augmented reality, extended reality,</em> and <em>mixed reality</em> — and you may have wondered what they mean. To help make sense of it all, here’s a breakdown of each of those terms, how they’re alike, and how they’re different.\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li><strong>Virtual reality (VR): </strong>A computer-simulated reality that simulates a fully artificial environment that does not physically exist. Users within VR are closed off from the real world. Consumer VR executions typically consist of a headset and some sort of controller.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Augmented reality (AR):</strong> A way of viewing the real world in which your view of the real world is “augmented” by computer-generated input, such as still images, audio, or video. AR differs from VR in that AR <em>augments</em> (adds to) a real-world scene, instead of creating something from scratch. AR headsets aren’t quite commonplace yet, but you may have an AR device in your pocket: Newer generations of both iOS and Android devices have been enabled with AR capabilities.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Mixed reality (MR):</strong> MR may take your view of the real world and integrate computer-generated content that can interact with that view of the real world. Or it may take a fully digital environment and connect it to real-world objects. In this way, MR can sometimes function similarly to VR and sometimes function similarly to AR. You’ll often hear the terms being used interchangeably, which can be confusing. Here’s a quick glance at the differences.</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<p style=\"padding-left: 30px;\">In MR, you may have a view of the real world, and a digital basketball may appear to bounce off the real world floor and walls, or a digital rocket ship may appear to land on your coffee table. This is AR-based MR, and you’ll often just hear these experiences referred to as AR.</p>\r\n<p style=\"padding-left: 30px;\">In other MR instances, you may only see a completely digital environment with no view of the real world, but that digital environment is connected to real-world objects around you. In your virtual world, real-world tables or chairs may digitally appear as rocks or trees. Real-world office walls may appear as moss-covered cave walls. This is VR-based MR, sometimes called <em>augmented virtuality.</em></p>\r\n<p style=\"padding-left: 30px;\">Mixed reality is gaining traction in the industry, especially AR-based mixed reality. Remember that it is not uncommon for the terms <em>augmented reality</em> and <em>mixed reality</em> to be used synonymously.</p>\r\n\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li><strong>Extended reality (XR): </strong>The umbrella term used for all these technologies. It can cover everything from VR to MR to AR technologies. People sometimes use the term <em>virtual reality</em> to refer to all of the above, but the correct umbrella term is <em>extended reality.</em></li>\r\n</ul>","blurb":"","authors":[],"primaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":33610,"title":"General Programming & Web Design","slug":"general-programming-web-design","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33610"}},"secondaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"tertiaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"trendingArticles":null,"inThisArticle":[],"relatedArticles":{"fromBook":[{"articleId":256467,"title":"Augmented Reality App Design: Starting Up and User Environment","slug":"augmented-reality-app-design-starting-up-and-user-environment","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/256467"}},{"articleId":256462,"title":"Designing Augmented Reality Apps: Comfort Zones, Interfaces, and Text","slug":"designing-augmented-reality-apps-comfort-zones-interfaces-and-text","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/256462"}},{"articleId":256456,"title":"Designing Augmented Reality Apps: Interacting with Objects","slug":"designing-augmented-reality-apps-interacting-with-objects","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/256456"}},{"articleId":256447,"title":"Best Practices and Virtual Reality Design Principles","slug":"best-practices-and-virtual-reality-design-principles","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/256447"}},{"articleId":256440,"title":"Virtual Reality Design Principles: Starting Up, User Attention, and Comfort Zones","slug":"virtual-reality-design-principles-starting-up-user-attention-and-comfort-zones","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/256440"}}],"fromCategory":[{"articleId":265680,"title":"Using DevOps To Improve Engineering","slug":"tips-for-improving-engineering-performance-with-devops","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/265680"}},{"articleId":265675,"title":"How To Automate DevOps in the Cloud","slug":"make-more-of-your-cloud-tools-automating-devops-in-the-cloud","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/265675"}},{"articleId":265672,"title":"Choosing the Best Cloud Service Provider, Features, and Tools for DevOps","slug":"choosing-the-best-cloud-service-provider-features-and-tools-for-devops","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/265672"}},{"articleId":265664,"title":"How to Form DevOps Teams in Your Organization","slug":"how-to-form-devops-teams-in-your-organization","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/265664"}},{"articleId":265656,"title":"Moving to DevOps Processes: From a Line to a Circuit","slug":"moving-to-devops-processes-from-a-line-to-a-circuit","categoryList":["technology","programming-web-design","general-programming-web-design"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/265656"}}]},"hasRelatedBookFromSearch":false,"relatedBook":{"bookId":281887,"slug":"virtual-augmented-reality-for-dummies","isbn":"9781119481348","categoryList":["technology","virtual-reality"],"amazon":{"default":"//www.amazon.com/gp/product/1119481341/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","ca":"//www.amazon.ca/gp/product/1119481341/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","indigo_ca":"//www.tkqlhce.com/click-9208661-13710633?url=//www.chapters.indigo.ca/en-ca/books/product/1119481341-item.html&cjsku=978111945484","gb":"//www.amazon.co.uk/gp/product/1119481341/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","de":"//www.amazon.de/gp/product/1119481341/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20"},"image":{"src":"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/virtual-and-augmented-reality-for-dummies-cover-9781119481348-203x255.jpg","width":203,"height":255},"title":"Virtual & Augmented Reality For Dummies","testBankPinActivationLink":"","bookOutOfPrint":false,"authorsInfo":"<p><b data-author-id=\"11302\">Paul Mealy</b> has worked with virtual reality since the release of the Oculus Rift DK1 in 2013. He has architected, designed and developed applications for Oculus Rift, HTC Vive, Samsung Gear VR, Windows Mixed Reality, Google Daydream, and Google Cardboard. He has worked with numerous augmented reality hardware and technologies including the Microsoft HoloLens, ARKit for iOS, ARCore for Android and cross-platform solutions such as Vuforia. </p>","authors":[{"authorId":11302,"name":"Paul Mealy","slug":"paul-mealy","description":" <p><b>Paul Mealy</b> has worked with virtual reality since the release of the Oculus Rift DK1 in 2013. He has architected, designed and developed applications for Oculus Rift, HTC Vive, Samsung Gear VR, Windows Mixed Reality, Google Daydream, and Google Cardboard. He has worked with numerous augmented reality hardware and technologies including the Microsoft HoloLens, ARKit for iOS, ARCore for Android and cross&#45;platform solutions such as Vuforia. ","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/11302"}}],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/books/"}},"collections":[],"articleAds":{"footerAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;technology&quot;,&quot;programming-web-design&quot;,&quot;general-programming-web-design&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9781119481348&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-6480c5df067dc\"></div></div>","rightAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_right_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_right_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;technology&quot;,&quot;programming-web-design&quot;,&quot;general-programming-web-design&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9781119481348&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-6480c5df078b3\"></div></div>"},"articleType":{"articleType":"Articles","articleList":null,"content":null,"videoInfo":{"videoId":null,"name":null,"accountId":null,"playerId":null,"thumbnailUrl":null,"description":null,"uploadDate":null}},"sponsorship":{"sponsorshipPage":false,"backgroundImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"brandingLine":"","brandingLink":"","brandingLogo":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"sponsorAd":"","sponsorEbookTitle":"","sponsorEbookLink":"","sponsorEbookImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0}},"primaryLearningPath":"Explore","lifeExpectancy":"One year","lifeExpectancySetFrom":"2024-06-07T00:00:00+00:00","dummiesForKids":"no","sponsoredContent":"no","adInfo":"","adPairKey":[]},"status":"publish","visibility":"public","articleId":251717},{"headers":{"creationTime":"2020-11-12T18:55:54+00:00","modifiedTime":"2024-06-06T17:20:12+00:00","timestamp":"2024-06-06T18:01:04+00:00"},"data":{"breadcrumbs":[{"name":"Technology","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33512"},"slug":"technology","categoryId":33512},{"name":"Programming & Web Design","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33592"},"slug":"programming-web-design","categoryId":33592},{"name":"General Programming & Web Design","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33610"},"slug":"general-programming-web-design","categoryId":33610}],"title":"How To Automate DevOps in the Cloud","strippedTitle":"how to automate devops in the cloud","slug":"make-more-of-your-cloud-tools-automating-devops-in-the-cloud","canonicalUrl":"","手机搜字段擎推广调整系统":{"metaDescription":"If you are hoping to maximize your DevOps efforts, try automating tasks using your cloud tools. Use this guide to find out how, from coursofppt.com.","noIndex":0,"noFollow":0},"content":"The term DevOps (a combination of software development and operations) refers to a set of practices, tools, and cultural philosophy that automate and integrate the work of software development and IT teams.\r\n\r\n<a href=\"//www.coursofppt.com/business/operations-management/choosing-the-best-cloud-service-provider-features-and-tools-for-devops/\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\">Marrying the cloud with your DevOps practice</a> can accelerate the work you’ve already accomplished. When used together, both DevOps and the cloud can drive your company’s digital transformation.\r\n\r\nYou’ll see results as long as you emphasize the priorities of DevOps: people, process, and technology. The cloud — along with other tooling — falls squarely into the technical part of your DevOps implementation.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_265676\" align=\"aligncenter\" width=\"556\"]<img class=\"wp-image-265676 size-full\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/devops-cloud.jpg\" alt=\"DevOps and cloud computing\" width=\"556\" height=\"171\" /> ©Shutterstock/Trueffelpix[/caption]\r\n\r\nCloud computing enables automation for your developers and operations folks in a way that simply isn’t possible when you manage your own physical infrastructure. Provisioning infrastructure through code in the cloud — which is a system referred to as Infrastructure as Code (IaC) — enables you to create templates and repeatable processes.\r\n\r\nWhen you track changes to your infrastructure code through source control, you permit your team to operate seamlessly and track changes. IaC is much more repeatable and automated — not to mention faster — than having engineers click around a portal.\r\n<p class=\"article-tips warning\">Even instructions on the portal aren’t fool-proof. You risk making small, yet significant, changes to infrastructure setup if you consistently build the same setup through the portal rather than a YAML file.</p>\r\n\r\n<h2 id=\"tab1\" >Taking your DevOps culture to the cloud</h2>\r\nPeople often speak about DevOps <a href=\"//www.coursofppt.com/programming/cloud-computing/managing-cloud-computing-resources/\">and cloud computing</a> as if they are intertwined and, in many ways, they are. Be aware, however, that you can adopt DevOps — or begin to transform your engineering organization — without going all in on the cloud. It’s perfectly reasonable that you first establish the standards, practices, and processes for your team before you shift your infrastructure to a cloud provider.\r\n\r\nAlthough people speak as though everyone is already on the cloud, you are still on the cutting edge of the shift to the cloud. Cloud providers are becoming more robust by the day, and engineering companies are slowly transitioning their self-hosted services to the cloud. With that in mind, an organization seeking to adopt DevOps would be wise to strongly consider utilizing the services of a major cloud provider.\r\n\r\nAnyone with DevOps experience wouldn’t likely call the cloud a NoOps solution, but they might call it OpsLite. Cloud services often abstract complex operations architecture in a way that makes that architecture more friendly to developers and empowers them to take more ownership of their components.\r\n\r\nIf you’ve ever grumbled that developers should be included in an on-call rotation, you’re right — they should be. Including developers in the on-call rotation is a great way to ramp up their knowledge of deploying code as well as managing and provisioning the infrastructure on which their services run. This reduces operational overhead and frees up the time of operations specialists to work on proactive solutions.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab2\" >Learning through DevOps adoption</h2>\r\nIf your team is capable of adopting DevOps and shifting toward utilizing cloud computing at the same time, you can use these shifts as learning opportunities for both developers and operations folks.\r\n\r\nWhile your team shifts to the cloud, developers have the opportunity to familiarize operations specialists with code — perhaps even specific languages — and source control, and operations folks can teach developers about infrastructure. When both groups are both the experts and the newbies, neither group has to deal much of an ego-damaging transfer of knowledge.\r\n\r\nThe trust, rapport, and healthy dynamic that emerge from these interactions will galvanize your team and last much longer than the immediate work took. In many ways, you’re reinforcing your DevOps culture through tooling your <a href=\"//www.coursofppt.com/business/operations-management/why-devops-matters-11-ways-devops-benefits-your-organization/\">DevOps practice</a>.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab3\" >Benefitting from cloud services in your DevOps initiative</h2>\r\nModern operations is changing and evolving. Your competitors are already adopting new ways of innovating faster and accelerating their software delivery life cycles.\r\n\r\nCloud computing represents a big shift from the traditional way businesses think about IT resources. By outsourcing much of your infrastructure and operations requirements to a cloud provider, you reduce overhead and free your team to focus on delivering better software to your users.\r\n\r\nHere are six common reasons organizations are turning to cloud computing services:\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li><strong>Improving affordability.</strong> Cloud providers allow you to select only the services you need, when you need them. Imagine if you could access cable TV but pay for only the channels you watch. You’d love that, wouldn’t you? Most DevOps team members would! Cloud providers do just that while also providing you with the most up-to-date computing hardware housed in physically secure datacenters.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Automating deployments.</strong> Changes to the system — deployments — are the most common contributors of outages or service disruptions. Cloud providers make releasing code an automated, repeatable process, significantly decreasing the probability of making mistakes in manual releases and introducing bugs. Automated deployments also enables developers to release their own code. Ultimately, automated deployments simplify the process while reducing site downtime and reactionary triaging in production.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Accelerating delivery.</strong> The cloud reduces friction along nearly every phase of the software delivery life cycle. Although set up is required, it often takes no more than double the time required to do the process manually, and you have to set up a service or process only once. Accelerated delivery gives you a ton of flexibility.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Increasing security. </strong>Cloud providers make security part of their offering. Microsoft Azure, Amazon web Services (AWS), and Google Cloud Platform (GCP) meet different compliance standards and provide policies, services, and controls that will help you reinforce your system’s security. In addition, if you utilize a deployment pipeline tool within the cloud, you can add security checks before new code is released to an environment, thereby reducing the possibility of security vulnerabilities.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Decreasing failure.</strong> Through cloud build and release pipelines, your team is capable of creating automated tests to confirm functionality, code quality, security, and compliance of any code introduced into your systems. This capability decreases the possibility of bugs while also reducing the risk of problematic deployments.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Building more resilient and scalable systems. </strong>The <a href=\"//www.coursofppt.com/programming/cloud-computing/how-to-scale-the-cloud-in-cloud-computing/\">cloud allows organizations to scale up</a>, scale out, and increase capacity within seconds. This elastic scaling enables spinning up compute and storage resources as needed, no matter where in the world your users interact with your product. This approach permits you to better serve your customers and more efficiently manage infrastructure costs.</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<p class=\"article-tips remember\"><a href=\"//www.coursofppt.com/business/operations-management/moving-to-devops-processes-from-a-line-to-a-circuit/\">The DevOps approach is all about creating a cyclical method</a> where you benefit and learn from the process each time you go through it.</p>","description":"The term DevOps (a combination of software development and operations) refers to a set of practices, tools, and cultural philosophy that automate and integrate the work of software development and IT teams.\r\n\r\n<a href=\"//www.coursofppt.com/business/operations-management/choosing-the-best-cloud-service-provider-features-and-tools-for-devops/\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\">Marrying the cloud with your DevOps practice</a> can accelerate the work you’ve already accomplished. When used together, both DevOps and the cloud can drive your company’s digital transformation.\r\n\r\nYou’ll see results as long as you emphasize the priorities of DevOps: people, process, and technology. The cloud — along with other tooling — falls squarely into the technical part of your DevOps implementation.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_265676\" align=\"aligncenter\" width=\"556\"]<img class=\"wp-image-265676 size-full\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/devops-cloud.jpg\" alt=\"DevOps and cloud computing\" width=\"556\" height=\"171\" /> ©Shutterstock/Trueffelpix[/caption]\r\n\r\nCloud computing enables automation for your developers and operations folks in a way that simply isn’t possible when you manage your own physical infrastructure. Provisioning infrastructure through code in the cloud — which is a system referred to as Infrastructure as Code (IaC) — enables you to create templates and repeatable processes.\r\n\r\nWhen you track changes to your infrastructure code through source control, you permit your team to operate seamlessly and track changes. IaC is much more repeatable and automated — not to mention faster — than having engineers click around a portal.\r\n<p class=\"article-tips warning\">Even instructions on the portal aren’t fool-proof. You risk making small, yet significant, changes to infrastructure setup if you consistently build the same setup through the portal rather than a YAML file.</p>\r\n\r\n<h2 id=\"tab1\" >Taking your DevOps culture to the cloud</h2>\r\nPeople often speak about DevOps <a href=\"//www.coursofppt.com/programming/cloud-computing/managing-cloud-computing-resources/\">and cloud computing</a> as if they are intertwined and, in many ways, they are. Be aware, however, that you can adopt DevOps — or begin to transform your engineering organization — without going all in on the cloud. It’s perfectly reasonable that you first establish the standards, practices, and processes for your team before you shift your infrastructure to a cloud provider.\r\n\r\nAlthough people speak as though everyone is already on the cloud, you are still on the cutting edge of the shift to the cloud. Cloud providers are becoming more robust by the day, and engineering companies are slowly transitioning their self-hosted services to the cloud. With that in mind, an organization seeking to adopt DevOps would be wise to strongly consider utilizing the services of a major cloud provider.\r\n\r\nAnyone with DevOps experience wouldn’t likely call the cloud a NoOps solution, but they might call it OpsLite. Cloud services often abstract complex operations architecture in a way that makes that architecture more friendly to developers and empowers them to take more ownership of their components.\r\n\r\nIf you’ve ever grumbled that developers should be included in an on-call rotation, you’re right — they should be. Including developers in the on-call rotation is a great way to ramp up their knowledge of deploying code as well as managing and provisioning the infrastructure on which their services run. This reduces operational overhead and frees up the time of operations specialists to work on proactive solutions.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab2\" >Learning through DevOps adoption</h2>\r\nIf your team is capable of adopting DevOps and shifting toward utilizing cloud computing at the same time, you can use these shifts as learning opportunities for both developers and operations folks.\r\n\r\nWhile your team shifts to the cloud, developers have the opportunity to familiarize operations specialists with code — perhaps even specific languages — and source control, and operations folks can teach developers about infrastructure. When both groups are both the experts and the newbies, neither group has to deal much of an ego-damaging transfer of knowledge.\r\n\r\nThe trust, rapport, and healthy dynamic that emerge from these interactions will galvanize your team and last much longer than the immediate work took. In many ways, you’re reinforcing your DevOps culture through tooling your <a href=\"//www.coursofppt.com/business/operations-management/why-devops-matters-11-ways-devops-benefits-your-organization/\">DevOps practice</a>.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab3\" >Benefitting from cloud services in your DevOps initiative</h2>\r\nModern operations is changing and evolving. Your competitors are already adopting new ways of innovating faster and accelerating their software delivery life cycles.\r\n\r\nCloud computing represents a big shift from the traditional way businesses think about IT resources. By outsourcing much of your infrastructure and operations requirements to a cloud provider, you reduce overhead and free your team to focus on delivering better software to your users.\r\n\r\nHere are six common reasons organizations are turning to cloud computing services:\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li><strong>Improving affordability.</strong> Cloud providers allow you to select only the services you need, when you need them. Imagine if you could access cable TV but pay for only the channels you watch. You’d love that, wouldn’t you? Most DevOps team members would! Cloud providers do just that while also providing you with the most up-to-date computing hardware housed in physically secure datacenters.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Automating deployments.</strong> Changes to the system — deployments — are the most common contributors of outages or service disruptions. Cloud providers make releasing code an automated, repeatable process, significantly decreasing the probability of making mistakes in manual releases and introducing bugs. Automated deployments also enables developers to release their own code. Ultimately, automated deployments simplify the process while reducing site downtime and reactionary triaging in production.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Accelerating delivery.</strong> The cloud reduces friction along nearly every phase of the software delivery life cycle. Although set up is required, it often takes no more than double the time required to do the process manually, and you have to set up a service or process only once. Accelerated delivery gives you a ton of flexibility.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Increasing security. </strong>Cloud providers make security part of their offering. Microsoft Azure, Amazon web Services (AWS), and Google Cloud Platform (GCP) meet different compliance standards and provide policies, services, and controls that will help you reinforce your system’s security. In addition, if you utilize a deployment pipeline tool within the cloud, you can add security checks before new code is released to an environment, thereby reducing the possibility of security vulnerabilities.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Decreasing failure.</strong> Through cloud build and release pipelines, your team is capable of creating automated tests to confirm functionality, code quality, security, and compliance of any code introduced into your systems. This capability decreases the possibility of bugs while also reducing the risk of problematic deployments.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Building more resilient and scalable systems. </strong>The <a href=\"//www.coursofppt.com/programming/cloud-computing/how-to-scale-the-cloud-in-cloud-computing/\">cloud allows organizations to scale up</a>, scale out, and increase capacity within seconds. This elastic scaling enables spinning up compute and storage resources as needed, no matter where in the world your users interact with your product. This approach permits you to better serve your customers and more efficiently manage infrastructure costs.</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<p class=\"article-tips remember\"><a href=\"//www.coursofppt.com/business/operations-management/moving-to-devops-processes-from-a-line-to-a-circuit/\">The DevOps approach is all about creating a cyclical method</a> where you benefit and learn from the process each time you go through it.</p>","blurb":"","authors":[{"authorId":30388,"name":"Emily Freeman","slug":"emily-freeman","description":" <p><b>Emily Freeman</b> is a technologist and storyteller who helps engineering teams improve their velocity. She believes the biggest challenges facing engineers aren&#39;t technical, but human. She&#39;s worked with both cutting&#45;edge startups and some of the largest technology providers in the world. Emily is currently a Senior Cloud Advocate at Microsoft and a frequent keynote speaker at technology events. 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