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{"appState":{"pageLoadApiCallsStatus":true},"categoryState":{"relatedCategories":{"headers":{"timestamp":"2025-01-31T04:01:17+00:00"},"categoryId":34333,"data":{"title":"Coffee & Tea","slug":"coffee-tea","image":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"breadcrumbs":[{"name":"Home, Auto, & Hobbies","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33809"},"slug":"home-auto-hobbies","categoryId":33809},{"name":"Food & Drink","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33839"},"slug":"food-drink","categoryId":33839},{"name":"Coffee & Tea","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/34333"},"slug":"coffee-tea","categoryId":34333}],"parentCategory":{"categoryId":33839,"title":"Food & Drink","slug":"food-drink","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33839"}},"childCategories":[],"description":"Pour an inviting brew or keep your caffeine in check with useful facts on your favorite drinks.","relatedArticles":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles?category=34333&offset=0&size=5"},"hasArticle":true,"hasBook":true,"articleCount":15,"bookCount":2},"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/34333"}},"relatedCategoriesLoadedStatus":"success"},"listState":{"list":{"count":10,"total":15,"items":[{"headers":{"creationTime":"2024-03-24T14:41:44+00:00","modifiedTime":"2024-08-03T16:40:35+00:00","timestamp":"2024-08-03T18:01:03+00:00"},"data":{"breadcrumbs":[{"name":"Home, Auto, & Hobbies","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33809"},"slug":"home-auto-hobbies","categoryId":33809},{"name":"Food & Drink","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33839"},"slug":"food-drink","categoryId":33839},{"name":"Coffee & Tea","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/34333"},"slug":"coffee-tea","categoryId":34333}],"title":"How to Make a Perfect Cup of Tea","strippedTitle":"how to make a perfect cup of tea","slug":"how-to-make-the-perfect-cup-of-tea","canonicalUrl":"","关注座舱改善":{"metaDescription":"Learn how to make a perfect cup of tea using tea leaves, including the amount of tea, water temperature, and equipment.","noIndex":0,"noFollow":0},"content":"<figure style=\"margin: 0;\"><figcaption style=\"margin-bottom: 10px;\">Listen to the article:</figcaption><audio src=\"/wp-content/uploads/how-make-perfect-cup-tea.mp3\" controls=\"controls\"><a href=\"/wp-content/uploads/how-make-perfect-cup-tea.mp3\"><span data-mce-type=\"bookmark\" style=\"display: inline-block; width: 0px; overflow: hidden; line-height: 0;\" class=\"mce_SELRES_start\"></span>Download audio</a></audio></figure>\r\nNo matter what you’ve heard, brewing loose tea is easy. It requires only a few pieces of equipment that you likely already own, and then you simply brew your leaves.\r\n\r\nWith our tips, you can brew any tea and get terrific results. Of course, you’ll want to experiment a bit for your personal preference, but that’s part of the fun!\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_298064\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"630\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-298064\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/woman-drinking-cup-tea-adobeStock_305760940.jpg\" alt=\"\" width=\"630\" height=\"387\" /> ©Prostock-studio / Adobe Stock[/caption]\r\n<h2 id=\"tab1\" >Basic equipment</h2>\r\nThis is all you need to brew tea:\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li>Something to heat water</li>\r\n \t<li>A cup or mug</li>\r\n \t<li>A brew basket or strainer of some sort</li>\r\n</ul>\r\nThat’s it! But here’s a closer look at each of these, along with a few suggestions:\r\n<h3>Ways to heat water</h3>\r\nSome pretty fancy water kettles are out there these days. Even we are drawn toward the ones with all the buttons, temperature controls, automations, and stellar designs. At our tea shop, TeaHaus, we have three water dispensers that offer a constant supply of filtered water, each set at a specific temperature. However, at home, I have a simple glass electric kettle.\r\n\r\nIf you’d rather not have an electric kettle that takes up space on your countertop, you can easily heat water in a pan on your stove (keep reading to learn how to visually gauge water temperature), although a whistling kettle is nice.\r\n\r\nA whistling kettle lets you know when your water is boiling and reminds you to turn the stove off, a good safety feature. Any style of whistling kettle will do but stay away from cheap aluminum or thin stainless steel. It is worth the few extra dollars to get a sturdier kettle.\r\n<p class=\"article-tips tip\">We recommend that you never use a microwave oven to heat your water. The water heats unevenly, you can’t control the temperature with any accuracy, and you can easily burn yourself with superheated water.</p>\r\n\r\n<h3>Cup or mug</h3>\r\nMuch debate is ongoing about whether a cup should be glass, or porcelain, or clay, or some other material. Although the array of cup choices adds to the drinking experience, in this article, we’re keeping it simple, so go with a cup or mug of your choosing. I prefer white porcelain or glass because I like to see the color of my tea, but everyone has that favorite mug or cup.\r\n<h3>Strainer</h3>\r\nIf we are making a cup of tea for ourselves, we like to use a tea brewing basket that we can set directly into a mug or cup. However, a small kitchen strainer will also get the job done.\r\n\r\nWe don’t recommend the classic tea balls for most loose-leaf teas because the leaves need room to expand. For example, the bottom photo in the figure below shows how oolong tea leaves unfurl into intact leaves and leaf sets that would be too tightly packed into a tea ball.\r\n\r\nHowever, these balls are often adequate for small-leaf teas or cut-tear-curl (CTC) teas, like a classic English breakfast. In the top photo below, you can also see that the English breakfast tea leaves expanded only a little bit during brewing.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_298039\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"630\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-298039\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/tea-brewing-tools.jpg\" alt=\"Photos showing how different tea types expand during brewing\" width=\"630\" height=\"1002\" /> ©Lisa McDonald<br />English breakfast tea leaves don't expand significantly during brewing (top), unlike the intact leaves and leaf sets of an oolong (bottom).[/caption]\r\n<h2 id=\"tab2\" >Making a cup of hot tea</h2>\r\nWhen you have your basic brewing equipment, all you need are tea leaves and water. Here’s an easy guide to making a terrific cup of tea:\r\n<h3>Measuring your tea leaves</h3>\r\nMost teabags are perfectly portioned for an 8- to 12-ounce cuppa, but it gets a bit tricky with loose-leaf tea. Many directions say you should use a teaspoon or a heaping teaspoon of tea leaves, but this isn’t always the best form of measurement for the perfect cup.\r\n\r\nThe problem is that tea leaves vary from tea to tea, sometimes dramatically. Therefore, measuring tea by weight is more accurate than measuring tea using a teaspoon. You generally need about three grams of tea for an 8- to 12-ounce cup. So, when we train new employees to brew tea at TeaHaus, we have them use a gram scale for the first few weeks.\r\n\r\nAfter they get a feel for what 3 grams of various teas look like, they can start to use an eyeball estimate, along with a teaspoon, when brewing tea for customers. If a customer likes a stronger or weaker tea, we don’t adjust the brew time or the recommended temperature. Instead, we adjust the amount of tea used.\r\n\r\nIf you don’t have a gram scale, start by using a teaspoon, but remember that you’ll need to adjust for the tea. The photo below shows an example of how 3 grams of tea can look drastically different.\r\n\r\nThree grams of CTC tea (left side of photo) are easily measured by a teaspoon. However, some whole-leaf teas, especially those that are very fluffy, like the tea on the right side of the photo, require more tea by volume. For these teas, if your directions say to use a “heaping teaspoon,” you may find that the leaves are so difficult to measure with a teaspoon (they are large, unwieldy, and don’t stay nicely on the spoon!) that realistically you may need a mega-heaping teaspoon or two heaping teaspoons.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_298038\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"630\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-298038\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/tea-flakes-leaves.jpg\" alt=\"Photo showing CTC tea and whole-leaf tea\" width=\"630\" height=\"356\" /> ©Lisa McDonald<br />Comparison of 3 grams of a CTC Irish breakfast tea (left) and 3 grams of South India havukal, a whole-leaf white tea.[/caption]\r\n<p class=\"article-tips remember\">Keep in mind that no exact science dictates how much tea to use, and personal preference should help you decide how strong you like your tea, and therefore, how much tea to use.</p>\r\n\r\n<h3>Heating your water</h3>\r\nWhether you have a stove top kettle or a simple electric one, we have a few recommendations. At home, we really like an electric kettle. We especially like the glass ones because we can see the bubbles form, which indicates the approximate temperature of the water.\r\n\r\nYou can easily teach yourself how to visually gauge the water temperature (this also works well if you’re heating your water in a pan on the stove):\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li><strong>Shrimp eyes</strong>. When tiny bubbles (shrimp eyes) start to form on the bottom of the kettle, the water is approximately 155 to 160 degrees F.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Crab eyes</strong>. When the water starts to produce steam and the bubbles are bigger (crab eyes) but are still on the bottom, the temperature is around 175 degrees F.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Fish eyes.</strong> When the bubbles (fish eyes) begin to release from the bottom, the temperature is around 180 to 185 degrees F.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Pearl strands.</strong> When the bubbles are more like a strand of pearls than eyes, the water is between 190 and 205 degrees F.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Boil.</strong> Soon after, you have a rolling bubble, which is 212 degrees F.</li>\r\n</ul>\r\nNote that if you live in an area with good water or if you are using filtered water, there is no reason to bring your water to a boil and then cool it to the correct brewing temperature.\r\n<p class=\"article-tips tip\">If your kettle isn’t transparent and you can’t see the bubbles, you can listen for the sound. You’ll know when you’re at the pearl stage because you will hear the low rumble of the pot as the bubbles begin to release. This is, of course, all made easier with a thermometer or a temperature-control kettle.</p>\r\n\r\n<h3>Brewing hot tea</h3>\r\nAt TeaHaus, we give our customers a little guide to brewing. The front of the postcard illustrates the brewing steps (see the figures below), and the back provides a simple guide for brewing time and temperature.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_298048\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"630\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-298048\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/tea-brewing-guide.jpg\" alt=\"Graphic showing the steps of brewing a cup of tea\" width=\"630\" height=\"811\" /> ©TeaHaus<br />Tea brewing guide[/caption]\r\n\r\n \r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_298047\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"630\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-298047\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/tea-type-brew-guide.jpg\" alt=\"Graphic showing a guide for brewing different tea types\" width=\"630\" height=\"811\" /> ©TeaHaus<br />Brewing guide by tea type[/caption]\r\n\r\nYou’ll see that most teas have a range of water temperatures, but less-oxidized green tea is always brewed at lower temperatures than fully oxidized black tea. White tea, the most delicate and minimally processed of leaves, must always be brewed at relatively low temperatures or else you damage the leaves, and your tea won’t taste very good.\r\n\r\nNote, too, that if you brew tea for too long a time, it will become bitter. Herbal teas (this includes rooibos and fruit teas), on the other hand, can never be over-brewed.\r\n\r\nKeep in mind that these recommendations are just starting points; you should always adjust the parameters to best fit your own preference.\r\n<h3>Steps to a perfect cup</h3>\r\nTo brew one cup of tea at a time using a cup-sized brewing basket, follow these steps:\r\n<ol>\r\n \t<li>Place the basket into your cup.</li>\r\n \t<li>Add about 3 grams of tea into the basket. (See the “Measuring your tea leaves” section above.)</li>\r\n \t<li>Pour hot water over the leaves and set a timer. At TeaHaus, we put our recommended brewing time and temperature on the package for each tea, but when in doubt, brewing for 2–5 minutes is going to be okay for most teas, depending on the tea and your tolerance for bitterness.</li>\r\n \t<li>When the timer goes off, remove the basket, and your tea is ready to drink.</li>\r\n \t<li>Shake out the leaves into your compost bin or trash and rinse out the remaining leaves — unless it’s a tea that you want to rebrew later in the day. In that case, you can just let the leaves stay in the basket (no need to refrigerate).</li>\r\n</ol>\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_298051\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"630\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-298051\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/tea-cup-basket-filter.jpg\" alt=\"Photo showing a cup with a basket filter in it\" width=\"630\" height=\"599\" /> ©Lisa McDonald<br />Steps for brewing a cup of tea with a basket filter[/caption]\r\n\r\nStep 5 is where teabags are easier to use — even we will admit that. However, you can make your own teabags ahead of time. Just purchase paper filters or teabags for loose tea and spend a few minutes filling enough for the week, for example. Keep in mind, though, that the bag, much like the tea ball, will constrict some unfurling of the leaves, so larger-leaf teas are still best when brewed using a strainer or basket.\r\n\r\nHere is an alternate way to make either a cup or a pot of tea. This method allows the leaves to really unfurl and move around freely, which gives you a better cup of tea (see the photo below). Follow these steps:\r\n<ol>\r\n \t<li>Measure your tea leaves into any vessel that can withstand heat. (We recommend a glass vessel, such as a glass measuring cup.)</li>\r\n \t<li>Pour your hot water over the leaves and set your timer.</li>\r\n \t<li>When the timer goes off, strain the leaves through a brewing basket (or even a small kitchen strainer) into your teacup or tempered teapot.</li>\r\n \t<li>If you plan to rebrew the tea, shake the leaves back into the brewing vessel; otherwise, shake them into your compost bin or trash.</li>\r\n</ol>\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_298050\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"630\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-298050\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/tea-basket-filter.jpg\" alt=\"Photo showing a teapot, tea leaves, and a basket filter\" width=\"630\" height=\"496\" /> ©Lisa McDonald<br />Brewing a pot of tea using a basket filter[/caption]\r\n\r\nPeople ask all the time if they can rebrew their leaves. With a brewing basket, it is quite simple. Just place the basket back in your cup and pour more water over it. If you’ve brewed your leaves loose in another vessel, simply add water again.\r\n\r\nThere are some teas that rebrew well and others that don’t. We always recommend that people just try it. There is no real answer. Larger leaves often brew better the second time around since they unfurl more during the second brew, but, again, this is up to personal preference.","description":"<figure style=\"margin: 0;\"><figcaption style=\"margin-bottom: 10px;\">Listen to the article:</figcaption><audio src=\"/wp-content/uploads/how-make-perfect-cup-tea.mp3\" controls=\"controls\"><a href=\"/wp-content/uploads/how-make-perfect-cup-tea.mp3\"><span data-mce-type=\"bookmark\" style=\"display: inline-block; width: 0px; overflow: hidden; line-height: 0;\" class=\"mce_SELRES_start\"></span>Download audio</a></audio></figure>\r\nNo matter what you’ve heard, brewing loose tea is easy. It requires only a few pieces of equipment that you likely already own, and then you simply brew your leaves.\r\n\r\nWith our tips, you can brew any tea and get terrific results. Of course, you’ll want to experiment a bit for your personal preference, but that’s part of the fun!\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_298064\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"630\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-298064\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/woman-drinking-cup-tea-adobeStock_305760940.jpg\" alt=\"\" width=\"630\" height=\"387\" /> ©Prostock-studio / Adobe Stock[/caption]\r\n<h2 id=\"tab1\" >Basic equipment</h2>\r\nThis is all you need to brew tea:\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li>Something to heat water</li>\r\n \t<li>A cup or mug</li>\r\n \t<li>A brew basket or strainer of some sort</li>\r\n</ul>\r\nThat’s it! But here’s a closer look at each of these, along with a few suggestions:\r\n<h3>Ways to heat water</h3>\r\nSome pretty fancy water kettles are out there these days. Even we are drawn toward the ones with all the buttons, temperature controls, automations, and stellar designs. At our tea shop, TeaHaus, we have three water dispensers that offer a constant supply of filtered water, each set at a specific temperature. However, at home, I have a simple glass electric kettle.\r\n\r\nIf you’d rather not have an electric kettle that takes up space on your countertop, you can easily heat water in a pan on your stove (keep reading to learn how to visually gauge water temperature), although a whistling kettle is nice.\r\n\r\nA whistling kettle lets you know when your water is boiling and reminds you to turn the stove off, a good safety feature. Any style of whistling kettle will do but stay away from cheap aluminum or thin stainless steel. It is worth the few extra dollars to get a sturdier kettle.\r\n<p class=\"article-tips tip\">We recommend that you never use a microwave oven to heat your water. The water heats unevenly, you can’t control the temperature with any accuracy, and you can easily burn yourself with superheated water.</p>\r\n\r\n<h3>Cup or mug</h3>\r\nMuch debate is ongoing about whether a cup should be glass, or porcelain, or clay, or some other material. Although the array of cup choices adds to the drinking experience, in this article, we’re keeping it simple, so go with a cup or mug of your choosing. I prefer white porcelain or glass because I like to see the color of my tea, but everyone has that favorite mug or cup.\r\n<h3>Strainer</h3>\r\nIf we are making a cup of tea for ourselves, we like to use a tea brewing basket that we can set directly into a mug or cup. However, a small kitchen strainer will also get the job done.\r\n\r\nWe don’t recommend the classic tea balls for most loose-leaf teas because the leaves need room to expand. For example, the bottom photo in the figure below shows how oolong tea leaves unfurl into intact leaves and leaf sets that would be too tightly packed into a tea ball.\r\n\r\nHowever, these balls are often adequate for small-leaf teas or cut-tear-curl (CTC) teas, like a classic English breakfast. In the top photo below, you can also see that the English breakfast tea leaves expanded only a little bit during brewing.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_298039\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"630\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-298039\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/tea-brewing-tools.jpg\" alt=\"Photos showing how different tea types expand during brewing\" width=\"630\" height=\"1002\" /> ©Lisa McDonald<br />English breakfast tea leaves don't expand significantly during brewing (top), unlike the intact leaves and leaf sets of an oolong (bottom).[/caption]\r\n<h2 id=\"tab2\" >Making a cup of hot tea</h2>\r\nWhen you have your basic brewing equipment, all you need are tea leaves and water. Here’s an easy guide to making a terrific cup of tea:\r\n<h3>Measuring your tea leaves</h3>\r\nMost teabags are perfectly portioned for an 8- to 12-ounce cuppa, but it gets a bit tricky with loose-leaf tea. Many directions say you should use a teaspoon or a heaping teaspoon of tea leaves, but this isn’t always the best form of measurement for the perfect cup.\r\n\r\nThe problem is that tea leaves vary from tea to tea, sometimes dramatically. Therefore, measuring tea by weight is more accurate than measuring tea using a teaspoon. You generally need about three grams of tea for an 8- to 12-ounce cup. So, when we train new employees to brew tea at TeaHaus, we have them use a gram scale for the first few weeks.\r\n\r\nAfter they get a feel for what 3 grams of various teas look like, they can start to use an eyeball estimate, along with a teaspoon, when brewing tea for customers. If a customer likes a stronger or weaker tea, we don’t adjust the brew time or the recommended temperature. Instead, we adjust the amount of tea used.\r\n\r\nIf you don’t have a gram scale, start by using a teaspoon, but remember that you’ll need to adjust for the tea. The photo below shows an example of how 3 grams of tea can look drastically different.\r\n\r\nThree grams of CTC tea (left side of photo) are easily measured by a teaspoon. However, some whole-leaf teas, especially those that are very fluffy, like the tea on the right side of the photo, require more tea by volume. For these teas, if your directions say to use a “heaping teaspoon,” you may find that the leaves are so difficult to measure with a teaspoon (they are large, unwieldy, and don’t stay nicely on the spoon!) that realistically you may need a mega-heaping teaspoon or two heaping teaspoons.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_298038\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"630\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-298038\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/tea-flakes-leaves.jpg\" alt=\"Photo showing CTC tea and whole-leaf tea\" width=\"630\" height=\"356\" /> ©Lisa McDonald<br />Comparison of 3 grams of a CTC Irish breakfast tea (left) and 3 grams of South India havukal, a whole-leaf white tea.[/caption]\r\n<p class=\"article-tips remember\">Keep in mind that no exact science dictates how much tea to use, and personal preference should help you decide how strong you like your tea, and therefore, how much tea to use.</p>\r\n\r\n<h3>Heating your water</h3>\r\nWhether you have a stove top kettle or a simple electric one, we have a few recommendations. At home, we really like an electric kettle. We especially like the glass ones because we can see the bubbles form, which indicates the approximate temperature of the water.\r\n\r\nYou can easily teach yourself how to visually gauge the water temperature (this also works well if you’re heating your water in a pan on the stove):\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li><strong>Shrimp eyes</strong>. When tiny bubbles (shrimp eyes) start to form on the bottom of the kettle, the water is approximately 155 to 160 degrees F.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Crab eyes</strong>. When the water starts to produce steam and the bubbles are bigger (crab eyes) but are still on the bottom, the temperature is around 175 degrees F.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Fish eyes.</strong> When the bubbles (fish eyes) begin to release from the bottom, the temperature is around 180 to 185 degrees F.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Pearl strands.</strong> When the bubbles are more like a strand of pearls than eyes, the water is between 190 and 205 degrees F.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Boil.</strong> Soon after, you have a rolling bubble, which is 212 degrees F.</li>\r\n</ul>\r\nNote that if you live in an area with good water or if you are using filtered water, there is no reason to bring your water to a boil and then cool it to the correct brewing temperature.\r\n<p class=\"article-tips tip\">If your kettle isn’t transparent and you can’t see the bubbles, you can listen for the sound. You’ll know when you’re at the pearl stage because you will hear the low rumble of the pot as the bubbles begin to release. This is, of course, all made easier with a thermometer or a temperature-control kettle.</p>\r\n\r\n<h3>Brewing hot tea</h3>\r\nAt TeaHaus, we give our customers a little guide to brewing. The front of the postcard illustrates the brewing steps (see the figures below), and the back provides a simple guide for brewing time and temperature.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_298048\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"630\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-298048\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/tea-brewing-guide.jpg\" alt=\"Graphic showing the steps of brewing a cup of tea\" width=\"630\" height=\"811\" /> ©TeaHaus<br />Tea brewing guide[/caption]\r\n\r\n \r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_298047\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"630\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-298047\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/tea-type-brew-guide.jpg\" alt=\"Graphic showing a guide for brewing different tea types\" width=\"630\" height=\"811\" /> ©TeaHaus<br />Brewing guide by tea type[/caption]\r\n\r\nYou’ll see that most teas have a range of water temperatures, but less-oxidized green tea is always brewed at lower temperatures than fully oxidized black tea. White tea, the most delicate and minimally processed of leaves, must always be brewed at relatively low temperatures or else you damage the leaves, and your tea won’t taste very good.\r\n\r\nNote, too, that if you brew tea for too long a time, it will become bitter. Herbal teas (this includes rooibos and fruit teas), on the other hand, can never be over-brewed.\r\n\r\nKeep in mind that these recommendations are just starting points; you should always adjust the parameters to best fit your own preference.\r\n<h3>Steps to a perfect cup</h3>\r\nTo brew one cup of tea at a time using a cup-sized brewing basket, follow these steps:\r\n<ol>\r\n \t<li>Place the basket into your cup.</li>\r\n \t<li>Add about 3 grams of tea into the basket. (See the “Measuring your tea leaves” section above.)</li>\r\n \t<li>Pour hot water over the leaves and set a timer. At TeaHaus, we put our recommended brewing time and temperature on the package for each tea, but when in doubt, brewing for 2–5 minutes is going to be okay for most teas, depending on the tea and your tolerance for bitterness.</li>\r\n \t<li>When the timer goes off, remove the basket, and your tea is ready to drink.</li>\r\n \t<li>Shake out the leaves into your compost bin or trash and rinse out the remaining leaves — unless it’s a tea that you want to rebrew later in the day. In that case, you can just let the leaves stay in the basket (no need to refrigerate).</li>\r\n</ol>\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_298051\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"630\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-298051\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/tea-cup-basket-filter.jpg\" alt=\"Photo showing a cup with a basket filter in it\" width=\"630\" height=\"599\" /> ©Lisa McDonald<br />Steps for brewing a cup of tea with a basket filter[/caption]\r\n\r\nStep 5 is where teabags are easier to use — even we will admit that. However, you can make your own teabags ahead of time. Just purchase paper filters or teabags for loose tea and spend a few minutes filling enough for the week, for example. Keep in mind, though, that the bag, much like the tea ball, will constrict some unfurling of the leaves, so larger-leaf teas are still best when brewed using a strainer or basket.\r\n\r\nHere is an alternate way to make either a cup or a pot of tea. This method allows the leaves to really unfurl and move around freely, which gives you a better cup of tea (see the photo below). Follow these steps:\r\n<ol>\r\n \t<li>Measure your tea leaves into any vessel that can withstand heat. (We recommend a glass vessel, such as a glass measuring cup.)</li>\r\n \t<li>Pour your hot water over the leaves and set your timer.</li>\r\n \t<li>When the timer goes off, strain the leaves through a brewing basket (or even a small kitchen strainer) into your teacup or tempered teapot.</li>\r\n \t<li>If you plan to rebrew the tea, shake the leaves back into the brewing vessel; otherwise, shake them into your compost bin or trash.</li>\r\n</ol>\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_298050\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"630\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-298050\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/tea-basket-filter.jpg\" alt=\"Photo showing a teapot, tea leaves, and a basket filter\" width=\"630\" height=\"496\" /> ©Lisa McDonald<br />Brewing a pot of tea using a basket filter[/caption]\r\n\r\nPeople ask all the time if they can rebrew their leaves. With a brewing basket, it is quite simple. Just place the basket back in your cup and pour more water over it. If you’ve brewed your leaves loose in another vessel, simply add water again.\r\n\r\nThere are some teas that rebrew well and others that don’t. We always recommend that people just try it. There is no real answer. Larger leaves often brew better the second time around since they unfurl more during the second brew, but, again, this is up to personal preference.","blurb":"","authors":[{"authorId":35248,"name":"Lisa McDonald","slug":"lisa-mcdonald","description":" <p><b>Lisa McDonald </b>is one of a handful of European-trained tea sommeliers in the U.S. and the owner of TeaHaus in Ann Arbor, MI (teahaus.com), an acclaimed tea shop where customers can find over 200 varieties of tea. <p><b>Jill Rheinheimer,</b> an editor and graphic designer, writes a research-based blog about all things tea (ItsMoreThanTea.wordpress.com) as well as educational and marketing material for TeaHaus. ","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/35248"}},{"authorId":35249,"name":"Jill Rheinheimer","slug":"jill-rheinheimer","description":" <p><b>Lisa McDonald </b>is one of a handful of European-trained tea sommeliers in the U.S. and the owner of TeaHaus in Ann Arbor, MI (teahaus.com), an acclaimed tea shop where customers can find over 200 varieties of tea. <p><b>Jill Rheinheimer,</b> an editor and graphic designer, writes a research-based blog about all things tea (ItsMoreThanTea.wordpress.com) as well as educational and marketing material for TeaHaus. ","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/35249"}}],"primaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":34333,"title":"Coffee & Tea","slug":"coffee-tea","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/34333"}},"secondaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"tertiaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"trendingArticles":null,"inThisArticle":[{"label":"Basic equipment","target":"#tab1"},{"label":"Making a cup of hot tea","target":"#tab2"}],"relatedArticles":{"fromBook":[{"articleId":298022,"title":"Is Green Tea Healthier Than Black Tea?","slug":"is-green-tea-healthier-than-black-tea","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","food-drink","coffee-tea"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/298022"}},{"articleId":298011,"title":"The Best Teas for Beginner Tea Drinkers","slug":"the-best-teas-for-beginning-tea-drinkers","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","food-drink","coffee-tea"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/298011"}},{"articleId":297195,"title":"Tea For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"tea-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","food-drink","coffee-tea"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/297195"}}],"fromCategory":[{"articleId":298022,"title":"Is Green Tea Healthier Than Black Tea?","slug":"is-green-tea-healthier-than-black-tea","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","food-drink","coffee-tea"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/298022"}},{"articleId":298011,"title":"The Best Teas for Beginner Tea Drinkers","slug":"the-best-teas-for-beginning-tea-drinkers","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","food-drink","coffee-tea"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/298011"}},{"articleId":297195,"title":"Tea For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"tea-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","food-drink","coffee-tea"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/297195"}},{"articleId":284602,"title":"Coffee Brewing Methods","slug":"coffee-brewing-methods","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","food-drink","coffee-tea"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/284602"}},{"articleId":284590,"title":"How to Order Coffee","slug":"how-to-order-coffee","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","food-drink","coffee-tea"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/284590"}}]},"hasRelatedBookFromSearch":false,"relatedBook":{"bookId":297052,"slug":"tea-for-dummies","isbn":"9781119986256","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","food-drink","coffee-tea"],"amazon":{"default":"//www.amazon.com/gp/product/1119986257/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","ca":"//www.amazon.ca/gp/product/1119986257/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","indigo_ca":"//www.tkqlhce.com/click-9208661-13710633?url=//www.chapters.indigo.ca/en-ca/books/product/1119986257-item.html&cjsku=978111945484","gb":"//www.amazon.co.uk/gp/product/1119986257/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","de":"//www.amazon.de/gp/product/1119986257/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20"},"image":{"src":"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/tea-for-dummies-cover-1119986257-203x255.jpg","width":203,"height":255},"title":"Tea For Dummies","testBankPinActivationLink":"","bookOutOfPrint":true,"authorsInfo":"<p><p><b><b data-author-id=\"35248\">Lisa McDonald</b> </b>is one of a handful of European-trained tea sommeliers in the U.S. and the owner of TeaHaus in Ann Arbor, MI (teahaus.com), an acclaimed tea shop where customers can find over 200 varieties of tea. <p><b>Jill Rheinheimer,</b> an editor and graphic designer, writes a research-based blog about all things tea (ItsMoreThanTea.wordpress.com) as well as educational and marketing material for TeaHaus. <p><b>Lisa McDonald </b>is one of a handful of European-trained tea sommeliers in the U.S. and the owner of TeaHaus in Ann Arbor, MI (teahaus.com), an acclaimed tea shop where customers can find over 200 varieties of tea. <p><b><b data-author-id=\"35249\">Jill Rheinheimer</b>,</b> an editor and graphic designer, writes a research-based blog about all things tea (ItsMoreThanTea.wordpress.com) as well as educational and marketing material for TeaHaus.</p>","authors":[{"authorId":35248,"name":"Lisa McDonald","slug":"lisa-mcdonald","description":" <p><b>Lisa McDonald </b>is one of a handful of European-trained tea sommeliers in the U.S. and the owner of TeaHaus in Ann Arbor, MI (teahaus.com), an acclaimed tea shop where customers can find over 200 varieties of tea. <p><b>Jill Rheinheimer,</b> an editor and graphic designer, writes a research-based blog about all things tea (ItsMoreThanTea.wordpress.com) as well as educational and marketing material for TeaHaus. ","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/35248"}},{"authorId":35249,"name":"Jill Rheinheimer","slug":"jill-rheinheimer","description":" <p><b>Lisa McDonald </b>is one of a handful of European-trained tea sommeliers in the U.S. and the owner of TeaHaus in Ann Arbor, MI (teahaus.com), an acclaimed tea shop where customers can find over 200 varieties of tea. <p><b>Jill Rheinheimer,</b> an editor and graphic designer, writes a research-based blog about all things tea (ItsMoreThanTea.wordpress.com) as well as educational and marketing material for TeaHaus. 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Both green <em>and</em> black tea have antioxidant properties. Let’s take a look.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_298024\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"630\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-298024\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/pouring-tea-into-cup-adobeStock_297781100.jpg\" alt=\"\" width=\"630\" height=\"420\" /> ©Eva / Adobe Stock[/caption]\r\n<h2 id=\"tab1\" >The benefits of green tea</h2>\r\nThe catechin <em>epigallocatechin-3-gallate</em> (EGCG) that’s found in green tea is often called a “natural drug” and is the golden child of current research. Laboratory studies suggest that this strong antioxidant may, indeed, be helpful to treat or prevent many chronic diseases, including those that damage the brain.\r\n\r\nIntriguingly, EGCG also may have some of the same advantages that theanine offers. Preliminary research suggests that EGCG may promote alpha, theta, and beta wave activity in the brain, helping us calm down and focus.\r\n\r\nHowever, even though it’s delicious, and even if you drink copious amounts of it, green tea is not guaranteed to give you <em>all</em> the benefits of EGCG that have been demonstrated in the lab. The tea may be loaded with polyphenols, but there may not be enough to have a measurable effect, or your body may be unable to access them.\r\n\r\nThe upshot? If you like green tea, drink it. Green tea has lots of polyphenols.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab2\" >The benefits of black tea</h2>\r\nLike catechins, the theaflavins and thearubigins (types of tannins) found in black tea are antioxidants. The conversion from simple to complex polyphenols does not appear to change their antioxidant properties in any substantial way.\r\n\r\nAlthough numerous studies focus on the catechin EGCG found in green tea, plenty of work also supports the similar antioxidant capacity of theaflavins and thearubigins.\r\n\r\nMoreover, many of the health benefits suggested by studies of green tea are also supported by research on black tea, including possible protection against dementia, cancer, viruses, and bacteria. Note, however, that whole leaf teas appear to contain more robust antioxidants than cut-tear-curl (CTC) processed teas. (For more about this, check out our book <a href=\"//www.coursofppt.com/book/home-auto-hobbies/food-drink/coffee-tea/tea-for-dummies-297052/\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\"><em>Tea For Dummies</em></a>.)\r\n\r\nBut, as mentioned in the previous section, consuming polyphenols isn’t a promise that health effects are tangible.\r\n\r\nIn a nutshell? If you like black tea, drink it. Black tea has lots of polyphenols.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab3\" >Does it matter which tea you drink?</h2>\r\nSo many teas! And so many voices out there telling you to drink this or that tea.\r\n\r\nBut tea shouldn’t be this difficult. Instead, you should drink tea only because you like it, and you should drink only those teas that you like. Because it really doesn’t matter which tea you drink.\r\n\r\nAll tea contains polyphenols, and all tea polyphenols are antioxidants. It doesn’t matter whether you’re drinking tea that contains mostly catechins (green tea) or mostly theaflavins (black tea). This is a win-win situation for tea drinkers!\r\n\r\nNote also that if you want to drink the tea that contains the <em>most</em> polyphenols, just drink the tea that you love. (Bonus: You’ll end up drinking more of it because you enjoy it.) Calculating the number of polyphenols in any given tea is futile, just like figuring out caffeine levels.\r\n\r\nEvery individual tea must be tested in a lab, and generalizations are challenging. For example, some studies have demonstrated that white tea contains more polyphenols than green, whereas other studies have shown the opposite.\r\n\r\nLevels vary widely even within a type of tea. As with caffeine, polyphenol quantity depends on a plethora of factors including:\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li>Type of tea plant</li>\r\n \t<li>Geographic location</li>\r\n \t<li>Growing conditions and stress on the plant</li>\r\n \t<li>Time of harvest</li>\r\n \t<li>Which leaves are harvested</li>\r\n \t<li>How the tea is produced</li>\r\n \t<li>How you brew your leaves</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<h2 id=\"tab4\" >Why green tea held the spotlight for a while</h2>\r\nGreen tea was originally thought to be healthier than black tea for numerous reasons:\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li>Early studies came out of primarily green tea-drinking countries such as China and Japan.</li>\r\n \t<li>Green tea-drinking countries were ideal for studies involving large groups of people. Researchers could find communities in which most people were drinking the same tea — grown and produced from the same tea garden and brewed and consumed in a similar manner.</li>\r\n \t<li>EGCG is undeniably a potent antioxidant, and, to our knowledge, green tea contains more EGCG than anything else we ingest (remember, though, that polyphenol quantity doesn’t always translate into concrete health benefits).</li>\r\n \t<li>Extensive studies of black tea began relatively recently; therefore, a larger body of work exists for green tea.</li>\r\n</ul>\r\nHowever, as research continues, we’re learning how much more we need to learn. Although thearubigins aren’t well understood and EGCG continues to reveal surprises, results for <em>all</em> types of tea continue to be promising.\r\n\r\nIn the end, <em>all</em> tea contains polyphenols, and <em>all</em> polyphenols contribute to your health. Drink the tea that makes you happy!","description":"<figure style=\"margin: 0;\"><figcaption style=\"margin-bottom: 10px;\">Listen to the article:</figcaption><audio src=\"/wp-content/uploads/is-green-tea-healthier.mp3\" controls=\"controls\"><a href=\"/wp-content/uploads/is-green-tea-healthier.mp3\"><span data-mce-type=\"bookmark\" style=\"display: inline-block; width: 0px; overflow: hidden; line-height: 0;\" class=\"mce_SELRES_start\"></span>Download audio</a></audio></figure>\r\nAlthough you may hear that green tea is better for you because the catechins (the most common flavanol — a tannin and antioxidant) haven’t been converted into more complex forms, don’t immediately throw out the black tea that you love and switch to green tea! Both green <em>and</em> black tea have antioxidant properties. Let’s take a look.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_298024\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"630\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-298024\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/pouring-tea-into-cup-adobeStock_297781100.jpg\" alt=\"\" width=\"630\" height=\"420\" /> ©Eva / Adobe Stock[/caption]\r\n<h2 id=\"tab1\" >The benefits of green tea</h2>\r\nThe catechin <em>epigallocatechin-3-gallate</em> (EGCG) that’s found in green tea is often called a “natural drug” and is the golden child of current research. Laboratory studies suggest that this strong antioxidant may, indeed, be helpful to treat or prevent many chronic diseases, including those that damage the brain.\r\n\r\nIntriguingly, EGCG also may have some of the same advantages that theanine offers. Preliminary research suggests that EGCG may promote alpha, theta, and beta wave activity in the brain, helping us calm down and focus.\r\n\r\nHowever, even though it’s delicious, and even if you drink copious amounts of it, green tea is not guaranteed to give you <em>all</em> the benefits of EGCG that have been demonstrated in the lab. The tea may be loaded with polyphenols, but there may not be enough to have a measurable effect, or your body may be unable to access them.\r\n\r\nThe upshot? If you like green tea, drink it. Green tea has lots of polyphenols.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab2\" >The benefits of black tea</h2>\r\nLike catechins, the theaflavins and thearubigins (types of tannins) found in black tea are antioxidants. The conversion from simple to complex polyphenols does not appear to change their antioxidant properties in any substantial way.\r\n\r\nAlthough numerous studies focus on the catechin EGCG found in green tea, plenty of work also supports the similar antioxidant capacity of theaflavins and thearubigins.\r\n\r\nMoreover, many of the health benefits suggested by studies of green tea are also supported by research on black tea, including possible protection against dementia, cancer, viruses, and bacteria. Note, however, that whole leaf teas appear to contain more robust antioxidants than cut-tear-curl (CTC) processed teas. (For more about this, check out our book <a href=\"//www.coursofppt.com/book/home-auto-hobbies/food-drink/coffee-tea/tea-for-dummies-297052/\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\"><em>Tea For Dummies</em></a>.)\r\n\r\nBut, as mentioned in the previous section, consuming polyphenols isn’t a promise that health effects are tangible.\r\n\r\nIn a nutshell? If you like black tea, drink it. Black tea has lots of polyphenols.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab3\" >Does it matter which tea you drink?</h2>\r\nSo many teas! And so many voices out there telling you to drink this or that tea.\r\n\r\nBut tea shouldn’t be this difficult. Instead, you should drink tea only because you like it, and you should drink only those teas that you like. Because it really doesn’t matter which tea you drink.\r\n\r\nAll tea contains polyphenols, and all tea polyphenols are antioxidants. It doesn’t matter whether you’re drinking tea that contains mostly catechins (green tea) or mostly theaflavins (black tea). This is a win-win situation for tea drinkers!\r\n\r\nNote also that if you want to drink the tea that contains the <em>most</em> polyphenols, just drink the tea that you love. (Bonus: You’ll end up drinking more of it because you enjoy it.) Calculating the number of polyphenols in any given tea is futile, just like figuring out caffeine levels.\r\n\r\nEvery individual tea must be tested in a lab, and generalizations are challenging. For example, some studies have demonstrated that white tea contains more polyphenols than green, whereas other studies have shown the opposite.\r\n\r\nLevels vary widely even within a type of tea. As with caffeine, polyphenol quantity depends on a plethora of factors including:\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li>Type of tea plant</li>\r\n \t<li>Geographic location</li>\r\n \t<li>Growing conditions and stress on the plant</li>\r\n \t<li>Time of harvest</li>\r\n \t<li>Which leaves are harvested</li>\r\n \t<li>How the tea is produced</li>\r\n \t<li>How you brew your leaves</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<h2 id=\"tab4\" >Why green tea held the spotlight for a while</h2>\r\nGreen tea was originally thought to be healthier than black tea for numerous reasons:\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li>Early studies came out of primarily green tea-drinking countries such as China and Japan.</li>\r\n \t<li>Green tea-drinking countries were ideal for studies involving large groups of people. Researchers could find communities in which most people were drinking the same tea — grown and produced from the same tea garden and brewed and consumed in a similar manner.</li>\r\n \t<li>EGCG is undeniably a potent antioxidant, and, to our knowledge, green tea contains more EGCG than anything else we ingest (remember, though, that polyphenol quantity doesn’t always translate into concrete health benefits).</li>\r\n \t<li>Extensive studies of black tea began relatively recently; therefore, a larger body of work exists for green tea.</li>\r\n</ul>\r\nHowever, as research continues, we’re learning how much more we need to learn. Although thearubigins aren’t well understood and EGCG continues to reveal surprises, results for <em>all</em> types of tea continue to be promising.\r\n\r\nIn the end, <em>all</em> tea contains polyphenols, and <em>all</em> polyphenols contribute to your health. Drink the tea that makes you happy!","blurb":"","authors":[{"authorId":35248,"name":"Lisa McDonald","slug":"lisa-mcdonald","description":"<b>Lisa McDonald </b>is one of a handful of European-trained tea sommeliers in the U.S. and the owner of TeaHaus in Ann Arbor, MI (teahaus.com), an acclaimed tea shop where customers can find over 200 varieties of tea.","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/35248"}},{"authorId":35249,"name":"Jill Rheinheimer","slug":"jill-rheinheimer","description":"<b>Jill Rheinheimer,</b> an editor and graphic designer, writes a research-based blog about all things tea (ItsMoreThanTea.wordpress.com) as well as educational and marketing material for TeaHaus.","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/35249"}}],"primaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":34333,"title":"Coffee & Tea","slug":"coffee-tea","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/34333"}},"secondaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"tertiaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"trendingArticles":null,"inThisArticle":[{"label":"The benefits of green tea","target":"#tab1"},{"label":"The benefits of black tea","target":"#tab2"},{"label":"Does it matter which tea you drink?","target":"#tab3"},{"label":"Why green tea held the spotlight for a while","target":"#tab4"}],"relatedArticles":{"fromBook":[{"articleId":298036,"title":"How To Make a Perfect Cup of Tea","slug":"how-to-make-the-perfect-cup-of-tea","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","food-drink","coffee-tea"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/298036"}},{"articleId":298011,"title":"The Best Teas for Beginner Tea 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Coffee","slug":"how-to-order-coffee","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","food-drink","coffee-tea"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/284590"}}]},"hasRelatedBookFromSearch":false,"relatedBook":{"bookId":297052,"slug":"tea-for-dummies","isbn":"9781119986256","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","food-drink","coffee-tea"],"amazon":{"default":"//www.amazon.com/gp/product/1119986257/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","ca":"//www.amazon.ca/gp/product/1119986257/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","indigo_ca":"//www.tkqlhce.com/click-9208661-13710633?url=//www.chapters.indigo.ca/en-ca/books/product/1119986257-item.html&cjsku=978111945484","gb":"//www.amazon.co.uk/gp/product/1119986257/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","de":"//www.amazon.de/gp/product/1119986257/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20"},"image":{"src":"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/tea-for-dummies-cover-1119986257-203x255.jpg","width":203,"height":255},"title":"Tea For Dummies","testBankPinActivationLink":"","bookOutOfPrint":true,"authorsInfo":"<p><b><b data-author-id=\"35248\">Lisa McDonald</b> </b>is one of a handful of European-trained tea sommeliers in the U.S. and the owner of TeaHaus in Ann Arbor, MI (teahaus.com), an acclaimed tea shop where customers can find over 200 varieties of tea. <b><b data-author-id=\"35249\">Jill Rheinheimer</b>,</b> an editor and graphic designer, writes a research-based blog about all things tea (ItsMoreThanTea.wordpress.com) as well as educational and marketing material for TeaHaus.</p>","authors":[{"authorId":35248,"name":"Lisa McDonald","slug":"lisa-mcdonald","description":"<b>Lisa McDonald </b>is one of a handful of European-trained tea sommeliers in the U.S. and the owner of TeaHaus in Ann Arbor, MI (teahaus.com), an acclaimed tea shop where customers can find over 200 varieties of tea.","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/35248"}},{"authorId":35249,"name":"Jill Rheinheimer","slug":"jill-rheinheimer","description":"<b>Jill Rheinheimer,</b> an editor and graphic designer, writes a research-based blog about all things tea (ItsMoreThanTea.wordpress.com) as well as educational and marketing material for TeaHaus.","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/35249"}}],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/books/"}},"collections":[],"articleAds":{"footerAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;home-auto-hobbies&quot;,&quot;food-drink&quot;,&quot;coffee-tea&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9781119986256&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-641de55f12f22\"></div></div>","rightAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_right_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" 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into drinking tea, this article shows you the best path forward, including which types of tea to try first.","noIndex":0,"noFollow":0},"content":"<figure style=\"margin: 0;\"><figcaption style=\"margin-bottom: 10px;\">Listen to the article:</figcaption><audio src=\"/wp-content/uploads/best-teas-for-beginners.mp3\" controls=\"controls\"><a href=\"/wp-content/uploads/best-teas-for-beginners.mp3\"><span data-mce-type=\"bookmark\" style=\"display: inline-block; width: 0px; overflow: hidden; line-height: 0;\" class=\"mce_SELRES_start\"></span>Download audio</a></audio></figure>\r\nTea. It’s as simple as boiling water, pouring it over leaves, taking a couple minutes to relax, and straining out the leaves. One cup of the perfect tea can hook you for a lifetime.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_298016\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"630\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-298016\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/woman-smelling-tea-adobeStock_157891657.jpg\" alt=\"\" width=\"630\" height=\"421\" /> ©Johnalexandr / Adobe Stock[/caption]\r\n\r\nBut if you are trying to get into tea, you’ll probably want to hold off on some teas. Lapsang souchong, Japanese green teas like sencha or matcha, and white teas may not be what you are expecting. You may want to ease into these types after you’re more accustomed to tea and its various flavors.\r\n\r\nSo then, where <em>do</em> you begin?\r\n\r\nFor many people, their journey into the world of tea starts with something more familiar, like earl grey or a teabag from a box. Although teabags have gotten better throughout the years, they will never be what tea is meant to be. In this article (and in my book, <a href=\"//www.coursofppt.com/book/home-auto-hobbies/food-drink/coffee-tea/tea-for-dummies-297052/\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\"><em>Tea For Dummies</em></a>) we focus on loose-leaf tea.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab1\" >Great teas to start with</h2>\r\nAt our store, we have seven different versions of loose-leaf earl grey, one of which is our number-one-selling tea. In fact, three of our best-selling teas come from our earl grey collection, and they generally rank within the top ten teas every year, which speaks to their enduring popularity. Once you have a cup of high-quality loose-leaf earl grey, you will never teabag again.\r\n\r\nAnother commonly known tea is chai. This spiced and often sweetened tea is a popular starting point in coffee shops and cafes. Fruity flavored teas are another great entry tea, especially iced.\r\n\r\nEven as a tea sommelier, I never judge if someone’s favorite is a pineapple-mango tea or a sweetened caramel tea. I like to look at these as gateway teas. You should always drink what you enjoy the most and then branch out every so often. You might find a new favorite.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab2\" >How to choose a black tea</h2>\r\nThings to consider when picking a black tea is how strong and bold you want it, how much astringency (that dry feeling in your mouth) you want, whether you prefer a tea that is simply strong versus something that has layers of flavor, and whether you like earthy or smoky notes.\r\n\r\nFor a less intense black tea, there are plenty of options. Ceylon teas are full-bodied and brisk, but not overly so, and they have just the right amount of astringency. They are what many people think of when they envision black tea.\r\n\r\nCeylon is great iced and works well with lemon, sugar, milk, and so on. Assam teas pair particularly well with food, so they can be nice with a snack or meal, and they hold up to a little cream and sugar.\r\n\r\nIf, however, you want a strong tea, breakfast teas are a good match — and you have a lot to choose from: Irish, Scottish, English, Russian, and East Frisian blends, among others. Every tea blender will use a different ratio of teas, so you may find that you prefer some breakfast blends over others. Yet, all of them are robust enough to stand up to milk and sugar. Just take care in brewing these teas so that they don’t become bitter.\r\n\r\nFor coffee lovers who are used to deep and complex flavors, consider an Assam from India or the many pu-erh and Yunnan teas from China. Some wild-grown teas would also make this list. Although these aren’t in-your-face bold like the breakfast blends, they are intriguingly full-bodied and multilayered in flavor.\r\n<p class=\"article-tips tip\">Note that teas that have been processed by the cut-tear-curl (CTC) process (these teas are in tiny bits) will release caffeine more quickly than teas composed of intact or largely intact leaves, especially if those leaves have been tightly rolled. However, this isn’t to say that you will get more caffeine overall.</p>\r\n\r\n<h2 id=\"tab3\" >Going green</h2>\r\nTo start your green tea journey, Chinese green teas are more common and recognizable, so they are often our first recommendation. Japanese teas tend to be grassier or “seaweed”-like in flavor, so, for some, it takes a bit getting used to.\r\n\r\nOften, people’s first experience with green tea is with a sweet matcha latte in a coffee shop or the tea served at their favorite Asian restaurant. Green tea is as nuanced as black tea, but it may take a bit more time to find your favorite.\r\n\r\nOolong, pu-erh, some white teas, and other tea types can also be great first-time teas, but we often recommend starting with the basics when first <em>steeping</em> into the world of tea.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab4\" >Herbal tea choices abound</h2>\r\nIf you aren’t sure you’re ready for tea, but want a healthy or caffeine-free beverage, we suggest you start with some of the many herbal teas available.\r\n\r\nFruit teas, which consist of fruit and other herbals, are a terrific substitute for high-calorie juice. You can find just about any fruit you want, and they are usually fantastic iced. Low in sugar but filled with flavor, these are wonderful for everyone in the family. Kids generally love fruit teas!\r\n\r\nRooibos and honeybush blends are also both kid- and adult-friendly options. You can readily find fruity, floral, earthy, or other blends, so you’re sure to find something you enjoy, and they are naturally caffeine free.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab5\" >Where to buy tea</h2>\r\nWhen shopping for tea, it's important to know how and where a store sources its teas. You needn’t know the exact gardens or time of day your tea was harvested, but it is important to know that the tea store sources teas from gardens that go above and beyond to ensure the highest quality.\r\n\r\nThis is not to say that grabbing a teabag tea in the hotel lobby is a no-no, but buying quality loose tea is worth the extra penny. Plus, not all high-quality loose-leaf teas are expensive. A very high-quality loose-leaf breakfast blend may not cost much more per gram than a box of teabags at the grocery store.\r\n\r\nSingle-estate, handpicked, and rare teas from small gardens may seem a bit pricey, but keep in mind that a 50-gram bag of tea can make 15 to 20 cups, and some teas can be brewed several times. A $30 bag of tea that can yield 20 cups makes the per-cup price only about $1.50, which is well under the cost of a hot drink at most cafes or restaurants.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab6\" >How much tea to buy</h2>\r\nTea may be sold by the ounce or gram. Most teas require about 3 grams (0.1 ounce) of leaves to make an 8-ounce cup, giving you the following general guidelines:\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li>50 grams (1.8 ounces) of leaves yields 15 to 20 cups of tea</li>\r\n \t<li>100 grams (3.5 ounces) of leaves yields 30 to 40 cups of tea</li>\r\n \t<li>200 grams (7 ounces) of leaves yields 60 to 80 cups of tea</li>\r\n \t<li>500 grams (17.6 ounces) of leaves yields 150 to 200 cups of tea</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<p class=\"article-tips\">Many types of tea leaves can be brewed a second time (or more), which doubles the number of cups you get!</p>\r\n\r\n<h2 id=\"tab7\" >Storing your tea leaves</h2>\r\nIt's important that your tea is stored in an area free of moisture, strong odors, and light. For this reason, we recommend you avoid glass jars. Although it's so tempting to stock up on teas when you go to a beautiful tea and spice store that has rows and rows of jars filled with teas and spices, remember that the teas (or spices) probably won’t be of great quality because of how they were stored and displayed.\r\n\r\nMetal tins are good if they have a tight seal, but be aware that tins will absorb aroma so keep similar teas in each tin (for instance, if you’ve stored a smoky tea in a tin, keep that tin for smoky teas, or if you have an earl grey tin, keep it an earl grey tin).","description":"<figure style=\"margin: 0;\"><figcaption style=\"margin-bottom: 10px;\">Listen to the article:</figcaption><audio src=\"/wp-content/uploads/best-teas-for-beginners.mp3\" controls=\"controls\"><a href=\"/wp-content/uploads/best-teas-for-beginners.mp3\"><span data-mce-type=\"bookmark\" style=\"display: inline-block; width: 0px; overflow: hidden; line-height: 0;\" class=\"mce_SELRES_start\"></span>Download audio</a></audio></figure>\r\nTea. It’s as simple as boiling water, pouring it over leaves, taking a couple minutes to relax, and straining out the leaves. One cup of the perfect tea can hook you for a lifetime.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_298016\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"630\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-298016\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/woman-smelling-tea-adobeStock_157891657.jpg\" alt=\"\" width=\"630\" height=\"421\" /> ©Johnalexandr / Adobe Stock[/caption]\r\n\r\nBut if you are trying to get into tea, you’ll probably want to hold off on some teas. Lapsang souchong, Japanese green teas like sencha or matcha, and white teas may not be what you are expecting. You may want to ease into these types after you’re more accustomed to tea and its various flavors.\r\n\r\nSo then, where <em>do</em> you begin?\r\n\r\nFor many people, their journey into the world of tea starts with something more familiar, like earl grey or a teabag from a box. Although teabags have gotten better throughout the years, they will never be what tea is meant to be. In this article (and in my book, <a href=\"//www.coursofppt.com/book/home-auto-hobbies/food-drink/coffee-tea/tea-for-dummies-297052/\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\"><em>Tea For Dummies</em></a>) we focus on loose-leaf tea.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab1\" >Great teas to start with</h2>\r\nAt our store, we have seven different versions of loose-leaf earl grey, one of which is our number-one-selling tea. In fact, three of our best-selling teas come from our earl grey collection, and they generally rank within the top ten teas every year, which speaks to their enduring popularity. Once you have a cup of high-quality loose-leaf earl grey, you will never teabag again.\r\n\r\nAnother commonly known tea is chai. This spiced and often sweetened tea is a popular starting point in coffee shops and cafes. Fruity flavored teas are another great entry tea, especially iced.\r\n\r\nEven as a tea sommelier, I never judge if someone’s favorite is a pineapple-mango tea or a sweetened caramel tea. I like to look at these as gateway teas. You should always drink what you enjoy the most and then branch out every so often. You might find a new favorite.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab2\" >How to choose a black tea</h2>\r\nThings to consider when picking a black tea is how strong and bold you want it, how much astringency (that dry feeling in your mouth) you want, whether you prefer a tea that is simply strong versus something that has layers of flavor, and whether you like earthy or smoky notes.\r\n\r\nFor a less intense black tea, there are plenty of options. Ceylon teas are full-bodied and brisk, but not overly so, and they have just the right amount of astringency. They are what many people think of when they envision black tea.\r\n\r\nCeylon is great iced and works well with lemon, sugar, milk, and so on. Assam teas pair particularly well with food, so they can be nice with a snack or meal, and they hold up to a little cream and sugar.\r\n\r\nIf, however, you want a strong tea, breakfast teas are a good match — and you have a lot to choose from: Irish, Scottish, English, Russian, and East Frisian blends, among others. Every tea blender will use a different ratio of teas, so you may find that you prefer some breakfast blends over others. Yet, all of them are robust enough to stand up to milk and sugar. Just take care in brewing these teas so that they don’t become bitter.\r\n\r\nFor coffee lovers who are used to deep and complex flavors, consider an Assam from India or the many pu-erh and Yunnan teas from China. Some wild-grown teas would also make this list. Although these aren’t in-your-face bold like the breakfast blends, they are intriguingly full-bodied and multilayered in flavor.\r\n<p class=\"article-tips tip\">Note that teas that have been processed by the cut-tear-curl (CTC) process (these teas are in tiny bits) will release caffeine more quickly than teas composed of intact or largely intact leaves, especially if those leaves have been tightly rolled. However, this isn’t to say that you will get more caffeine overall.</p>\r\n\r\n<h2 id=\"tab3\" >Going green</h2>\r\nTo start your green tea journey, Chinese green teas are more common and recognizable, so they are often our first recommendation. Japanese teas tend to be grassier or “seaweed”-like in flavor, so, for some, it takes a bit getting used to.\r\n\r\nOften, people’s first experience with green tea is with a sweet matcha latte in a coffee shop or the tea served at their favorite Asian restaurant. Green tea is as nuanced as black tea, but it may take a bit more time to find your favorite.\r\n\r\nOolong, pu-erh, some white teas, and other tea types can also be great first-time teas, but we often recommend starting with the basics when first <em>steeping</em> into the world of tea.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab4\" >Herbal tea choices abound</h2>\r\nIf you aren’t sure you’re ready for tea, but want a healthy or caffeine-free beverage, we suggest you start with some of the many herbal teas available.\r\n\r\nFruit teas, which consist of fruit and other herbals, are a terrific substitute for high-calorie juice. You can find just about any fruit you want, and they are usually fantastic iced. Low in sugar but filled with flavor, these are wonderful for everyone in the family. Kids generally love fruit teas!\r\n\r\nRooibos and honeybush blends are also both kid- and adult-friendly options. You can readily find fruity, floral, earthy, or other blends, so you’re sure to find something you enjoy, and they are naturally caffeine free.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab5\" >Where to buy tea</h2>\r\nWhen shopping for tea, it's important to know how and where a store sources its teas. You needn’t know the exact gardens or time of day your tea was harvested, but it is important to know that the tea store sources teas from gardens that go above and beyond to ensure the highest quality.\r\n\r\nThis is not to say that grabbing a teabag tea in the hotel lobby is a no-no, but buying quality loose tea is worth the extra penny. Plus, not all high-quality loose-leaf teas are expensive. A very high-quality loose-leaf breakfast blend may not cost much more per gram than a box of teabags at the grocery store.\r\n\r\nSingle-estate, handpicked, and rare teas from small gardens may seem a bit pricey, but keep in mind that a 50-gram bag of tea can make 15 to 20 cups, and some teas can be brewed several times. A $30 bag of tea that can yield 20 cups makes the per-cup price only about $1.50, which is well under the cost of a hot drink at most cafes or restaurants.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab6\" >How much tea to buy</h2>\r\nTea may be sold by the ounce or gram. Most teas require about 3 grams (0.1 ounce) of leaves to make an 8-ounce cup, giving you the following general guidelines:\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li>50 grams (1.8 ounces) of leaves yields 15 to 20 cups of tea</li>\r\n \t<li>100 grams (3.5 ounces) of leaves yields 30 to 40 cups of tea</li>\r\n \t<li>200 grams (7 ounces) of leaves yields 60 to 80 cups of tea</li>\r\n \t<li>500 grams (17.6 ounces) of leaves yields 150 to 200 cups of tea</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<p class=\"article-tips\">Many types of tea leaves can be brewed a second time (or more), which doubles the number of cups you get!</p>\r\n\r\n<h2 id=\"tab7\" >Storing your tea leaves</h2>\r\nIt's important that your tea is stored in an area free of moisture, strong odors, and light. For this reason, we recommend you avoid glass jars. Although it's so tempting to stock up on teas when you go to a beautiful tea and spice store that has rows and rows of jars filled with teas and spices, remember that the teas (or spices) probably won’t be of great quality because of how they were stored and displayed.\r\n\r\nMetal tins are good if they have a tight seal, but be aware that tins will absorb aroma so keep similar teas in each tin (for instance, if you’ve stored a smoky tea in a tin, keep that tin for smoky teas, or if you have an earl grey tin, keep it an earl grey tin).","blurb":"","authors":[{"authorId":35248,"name":"Lisa McDonald","slug":"lisa-mcdonald","description":"<b>Lisa McDonald </b>is one of a handful of European-trained tea sommeliers in the U.S. and the owner of TeaHaus in Ann Arbor, MI (teahaus.com), an acclaimed tea shop where customers can find over 200 varieties of tea.","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/35248"}},{"authorId":35249,"name":"Jill Rheinheimer","slug":"jill-rheinheimer","description":"<b>Jill Rheinheimer,</b> an editor and graphic designer, writes a research-based blog about all things tea (ItsMoreThanTea.wordpress.com) as well as educational and marketing material for TeaHaus.","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/35249"}}],"primaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":34333,"title":"Coffee & Tea","slug":"coffee-tea","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/34333"}},"secondaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"tertiaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"trendingArticles":null,"inThisArticle":[{"label":"Great teas to start with","target":"#tab1"},{"label":"How to choose a black tea","target":"#tab2"},{"label":"Going green","target":"#tab3"},{"label":"Herbal tea choices abound","target":"#tab4"},{"label":"Where to buy tea","target":"#tab5"},{"label":"How much tea to buy","target":"#tab6"},{"label":"Storing your tea leaves","target":"#tab7"}],"relatedArticles":{"fromBook":[{"articleId":298036,"title":"How To Make a Perfect Cup of Tea","slug":"how-to-make-the-perfect-cup-of-tea","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","food-drink","coffee-tea"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/298036"}},{"articleId":298022,"title":"Is Green Tea Healthier Than Black Tea?","slug":"is-green-tea-healthier-than-black-tea","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","food-drink","coffee-tea"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/298022"}},{"articleId":297195,"title":"Tea For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"tea-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","food-drink","coffee-tea"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/297195"}}],"fromCategory":[{"articleId":298036,"title":"How To Make a Perfect Cup of Tea","slug":"how-to-make-the-perfect-cup-of-tea","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","food-drink","coffee-tea"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/298036"}},{"articleId":298022,"title":"Is Green Tea Healthier Than Black Tea?","slug":"is-green-tea-healthier-than-black-tea","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","food-drink","coffee-tea"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/298022"}},{"articleId":297195,"title":"Tea For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"tea-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","food-drink","coffee-tea"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/297195"}},{"articleId":284602,"title":"Coffee Brewing Methods","slug":"coffee-brewing-methods","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","food-drink","coffee-tea"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/284602"}},{"articleId":284590,"title":"How to Order Coffee","slug":"how-to-order-coffee","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","food-drink","coffee-tea"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/284590"}}]},"hasRelatedBookFromSearch":false,"relatedBook":{"bookId":297052,"slug":"tea-for-dummies","isbn":"9781119986256","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","food-drink","coffee-tea"],"amazon":{"default":"//www.amazon.com/gp/product/1119986257/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","ca":"//www.amazon.ca/gp/product/1119986257/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","indigo_ca":"//www.tkqlhce.com/click-9208661-13710633?url=//www.chapters.indigo.ca/en-ca/books/product/1119986257-item.html&cjsku=978111945484","gb":"//www.amazon.co.uk/gp/product/1119986257/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","de":"//www.amazon.de/gp/product/1119986257/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20"},"image":{"src":"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/tea-for-dummies-cover-1119986257-203x255.jpg","width":203,"height":255},"title":"Tea For Dummies","testBankPinActivationLink":"","bookOutOfPrint":true,"authorsInfo":"<p><b><b data-author-id=\"35248\">Lisa McDonald</b> </b>is one of a handful of European-trained tea sommeliers in the U.S. and the owner of TeaHaus in Ann Arbor, MI (teahaus.com), an acclaimed tea shop where customers can find over 200 varieties of tea. <b><b data-author-id=\"35249\">Jill Rheinheimer</b>,</b> an editor and graphic designer, writes a research-based blog about all things tea (ItsMoreThanTea.wordpress.com) as well as educational and marketing material for TeaHaus.</p>","authors":[{"authorId":35248,"name":"Lisa McDonald","slug":"lisa-mcdonald","description":"<b>Lisa McDonald </b>is one of a handful of European-trained tea sommeliers in the U.S. and the owner of TeaHaus in Ann Arbor, MI (teahaus.com), an acclaimed tea shop where customers can find over 200 varieties of tea.","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/35248"}},{"authorId":35249,"name":"Jill Rheinheimer","slug":"jill-rheinheimer","description":"<b>Jill Rheinheimer,</b> an editor and graphic designer, writes a research-based blog about all things tea (ItsMoreThanTea.wordpress.com) as well as educational and marketing material for TeaHaus.","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/35249"}}],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/books/"}},"collections":[],"articleAds":{"footerAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;home-auto-hobbies&quot;,&quot;food-drink&quot;,&quot;coffee-tea&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9781119986256&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-641de55e9a9ce\"></div></div>","rightAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_right_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_right_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;home-auto-hobbies&quot;,&quot;food-drink&quot;,&quot;coffee-tea&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9781119986256&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-641de55e9b7c7\"></div></div>"},"articleType":{"articleType":"Articles","articleList":null,"content":null,"videoInfo":{"videoId":null,"name":null,"accountId":null,"playerId":null,"thumbnailUrl":null,"description":null,"uploadDate":null}},"sponsorship":{"sponsorshipPage":false,"backgroundImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"brandingLine":"","brandingLink":"","brandingLogo":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"sponsorAd":"","sponsorEbookTitle":"","sponsorEbookLink":"","sponsorEbookImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0}},"primaryLearningPath":"Explore","lifeExpectancy":"Five years","lifeExpectancySetFrom":"2024-03-22T00:00:00+00:00","dummiesForKids":"no","sponsoredContent":"no","adInfo":"","adPairKey":[]},"status":"publish","visibility":"public","articleId":298011},{"headers":{"creationTime":"2024-02-10T15:41:48+00:00","modifiedTime":"2024-02-10T15:41:48+00:00","timestamp":"2024-02-10T18:01:02+00:00"},"data":{"breadcrumbs":[{"name":"Home, Auto, & Hobbies","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33809"},"slug":"home-auto-hobbies","categoryId":33809},{"name":"Food & Drink","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33839"},"slug":"food-drink","categoryId":33839},{"name":"Coffee & Tea","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/34333"},"slug":"coffee-tea","categoryId":34333}],"title":"Tea For Dummies Cheat Sheet","strippedTitle":"tea for dummies cheat sheet","slug":"tea-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","canonicalUrl":"","关注座舱改善":{"metaDescription":"Learn more about tea with this handy Cheat Sheet. It includes the main types, how to properly brew a cup of tea, and much more.","noIndex":0,"noFollow":0},"content":"Although there are literally thousands of teas and herbal teas, figuring out where to start doesn’t need to be daunting! All tea is made from the same plant, <em>Camellia sinensis</em>; everything else is an herbal tea. There is so much to learn about each of these types — but there truly is something for every taste.","description":"Although there are literally thousands of teas and herbal teas, figuring out where to start doesn’t need to be daunting! All tea is made from the same plant, <em>Camellia sinensis</em>; everything else is an herbal tea. There is so much to learn about each of these types — but there truly is something for every taste.","blurb":"","authors":[{"authorId":35248,"name":"Lisa McDonald","slug":"lisa-mcdonald","description":"Lisa McDonald is one of a handful of European-trained tea sommeliers in the U.S. She's also the owner of TeaHaus, in Ann Arbor, Michigan, an acclaimed tea shop where customers can find more than 200 varieties of tea.","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/35248"}},{"authorId":35249,"name":"Jill Rheinheimer","slug":"jill-rheinheimer","description":"Jill Rheinheimer, an editor and graphic designer, writes a research-based blog about all things tea, as well as educational and marketing material for TeaHaus.","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/35249"}}],"primaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":34333,"title":"Coffee & Tea","slug":"coffee-tea","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/34333"}},"secondaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"tertiaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"trendingArticles":null,"inThisArticle":[],"relatedArticles":{"fromBook":[],"fromCategory":[{"articleId":284602,"title":"Coffee Brewing Methods","slug":"coffee-brewing-methods","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","food-drink","coffee-tea"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/284602"}},{"articleId":284590,"title":"How to Order Coffee","slug":"how-to-order-coffee","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","food-drink","coffee-tea"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/284590"}},{"articleId":284582,"title":"Making the Perfect Espresso—The Four 'M's","slug":"making-the-perfect-espresso-the-four-ms","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","food-drink","coffee-tea"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/284582"}},{"articleId":284559,"title":"Central America’s Influence on Coffee Production","slug":"central-americas-influence-on-coffee-production","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","food-drink","coffee-tea"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/284559"}},{"articleId":284549,"title":"The Life Cycle of Coffee: From Seed to Harvest","slug":"the-life-cycle-of-coffee-from-seed-to-harvest","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","food-drink","coffee-tea"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/284549"}}]},"hasRelatedBookFromSearch":false,"relatedBook":{"bookId":297052,"slug":"tea-for-dummies","isbn":"9781119986256","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","food-drink","coffee-tea"],"amazon":{"default":"//www.amazon.com/gp/product/1119986257/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","ca":"//www.amazon.ca/gp/product/1119986257/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","indigo_ca":"//www.tkqlhce.com/click-9208661-13710633?url=//www.chapters.indigo.ca/en-ca/books/product/1119986257-item.html&cjsku=978111945484","gb":"//www.amazon.co.uk/gp/product/1119986257/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","de":"//www.amazon.de/gp/product/1119986257/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20"},"image":{"src":"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/tea-for-dummies-cover-1119986257-203x255.jpg","width":203,"height":255},"title":"Tea For Dummies","testBankPinActivationLink":"","bookOutOfPrint":true,"authorsInfo":"<p><b data-author-id=\"35248\">Lisa McDonald</b> is one of a handful of European-trained tea sommeliers in the U.S. She's also the owner of TeaHaus, in Ann Arbor, Michigan, an acclaimed tea shop where customers can find more than 200 varieties of tea. <b data-author-id=\"35249\">Jill Rheinheimer</b>, an editor and graphic designer, writes a research-based blog about all things tea, as well as educational and marketing material for TeaHaus.</p>","authors":[{"authorId":35248,"name":"Lisa McDonald","slug":"lisa-mcdonald","description":"Lisa McDonald is one of a handful of European-trained tea sommeliers in the U.S. She's also the owner of TeaHaus, in Ann Arbor, Michigan, an acclaimed tea shop where customers can find more than 200 varieties of tea.","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/35248"}},{"authorId":35249,"name":"Jill Rheinheimer","slug":"jill-rheinheimer","description":"Jill Rheinheimer, an editor and graphic designer, writes a research-based blog about all things tea, as well as educational and marketing material for TeaHaus.","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/35249"}}],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/books/"}},"collections":[],"articleAds":{"footerAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;home-auto-hobbies&quot;,&quot;food-drink&quot;,&quot;coffee-tea&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9781119986256&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-63e6865ec2faf\"></div></div>","rightAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_right_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_right_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;home-auto-hobbies&quot;,&quot;food-drink&quot;,&quot;coffee-tea&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9781119986256&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-63e6865ec40d2\"></div></div>"},"articleType":{"articleType":"Cheat Sheet","articleList":[{"articleId":0,"title":"","slug":null,"categoryList":[],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/"}}],"content":[{"title":"Different types of teas","thumb":null,"image":null,"content":"<p>Within the <em>Camellia sinensis</em> family, you can find the following, with each type of tea offering a full spectrum of flavors:</p>\n<ul>\n<li>Black tea</li>\n<li>Green tea</li>\n<li>Oolong tea</li>\n<li>White tea</li>\n<li>Fermented tea</li>\n<li>Tea blends (including blends of different teas and teas with inclusions)</li>\n</ul>\n<p>The number of herbal teas is practically unlimited. Some of the more common include the following, (although herbal blends may also incorporate spices, seeds, and nuts):</p>\n<ul>\n<li>Rooibos and honeybush blends</li>\n<li>Fruit teas</li>\n<li>Herbals such as mint, mate, or mountain tea</li>\n<li>Flowers, including chamomile, rose, lavender, or hibiscus</li>\n</ul>\n"},{"title":"Brewing the perfect cup of tea","thumb":null,"image":null,"content":"<p>After you choose what tea to brew, you have to figure out how to brew it correctly. Consider these important things:</p>\n<h3><strong>What equipment is needed?</strong></h3>\n<p>There are a lot of tea-brewing gadgets on the market today. All you really need is something to heat water, a vessel to brew the loose leaf in, a fine mesh strainer or brewing basket, and a cup for drinking your tea.</p>\n<h3><strong>How much tea to use?</strong></h3>\n<p>The average 10- to 12-ounce cup of tea needs about 3 grams of loose-leaf tea.</p>\n<h3><strong>What temperature of water is best for which teas?</strong></h3>\n<p>This depends on what type of tea you are brewing. A black, herbal, or fruit tea is almost always brewed with boiling water, whereas a green or white tea may be brewed with water as cool as 150 degrees.</p>\n<h3><strong>How many minutes to brew it? </strong></h3>\n<p>Brewing time also depends on the tea and how you like it. The longer the brew, the stronger it gets. Be careful though. Tea may also get more bitter — to the point of being almost undrinkable.</p>\n"},{"title":"Fun facts about tea","thumb":null,"image":null,"content":"<p>Share these fun facts at your next tea party!</p>\n<ul>\n<li>We often think of the English and their tea time, but Turkey is actually the largest tea-drinking country in the world, with the United States not far behind and always among the top three.</li>\n<li>Tea is grown in many parts of the world, and every country has its own tradition when it comes to tea. Some countries, like China and Japan, tend to produce more green teas, whereas most of the teas produced in India are black teas.</li>\n<li>Like frost wine, frost and frozen teas are made with lightly frozen tea leaves that are harvested while they are still frozen.</li>\n<li>When you order your favorite chai tea, you are simply ordering a tea tea. The word <em>chai</em> just means “tea” in many languages.</li>\n</ul>\n"},{"title":"Tea misconceptions","thumb":null,"image":null,"content":"<p>The following are some common misconceptions about tea, caffeine, and health:</p>\n<ul>\n<li>“Caffeine is bad for you.” Although too much caffeine can cause jitters and other unpleasant side effects, caffeine works together with tea’s unique amino acid L-theanine to give you a calm alertness.</li>\n<li>“Some teas have less caffeine than others.” Unfortunately, calculating the caffeine level in tea is extremely complicated, and there’s no way to predict how much is in your teacup. (Note, too, that decaf tea also contains some amount of caffeine.)</li>\n<li>“Tea is healthy.” Yes, it’s true that tea is good for you. However, it’s difficult to link tea with specific health benefits, and currently the science just doesn’t back up many of the claims. Still, tea contains lots of antioxidants, and it can positively impact your mood and outlook. There’s nothing like sharing a pot of tea with a friend.</li>\n</ul>\n"},{"title":"Incorporating tea in food and drink","thumb":null,"image":null,"content":"<p>Tea not only makes a great beverage, but it can also be used as an ingredient when cooking, such as:</p>\n<ul>\n<li>A little smoky lapsang souchong, ground and rubbed on your ribs, can give them that “smoked for hours” flavor.</li>\n<li>Heavy cream infused with your favorite tea overnight in the fridge, then strained and whipped, can take any dessert over the top. Just add a dollop of your tea-infused whipped cream and wow your guests.</li>\n</ul>\n<p>You can also use tea to up your cocktail game by making it a key ingredient in your bar. Here are some suggestions:</p>\n<ul>\n<li>Tea syrups</li>\n<li>Tea-infused vodka, gin, or other spirits</li>\n<li> Tea bitters</li>\n</ul>\n"}],"videoInfo":{"videoId":null,"name":null,"accountId":null,"playerId":null,"thumbnailUrl":null,"description":null,"uploadDate":null}},"sponsorship":{"sponsorshipPage":false,"backgroundImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"brandingLine":"","brandingLink":"","brandingLogo":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"sponsorAd":"","sponsorEbookTitle":"","sponsorEbookLink":"","sponsorEbookImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0}},"primaryLearningPath":"Explore","lifeExpectancy":"Five years","lifeExpectancySetFrom":"2024-02-10T00:00:00+00:00","dummiesForKids":"no","sponsoredContent":"no","adInfo":"","adPairKey":[]},"status":"publish","visibility":"public","articleId":297195},{"headers":{"creationTime":"2022-04-30T20:13:11+00:00","modifiedTime":"2022-05-04T14:06:04+00:00","timestamp":"2023-09-14T18:18:06+00:00"},"data":{"breadcrumbs":[{"name":"Home, Auto, & Hobbies","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33809"},"slug":"home-auto-hobbies","categoryId":33809},{"name":"Food & Drink","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33839"},"slug":"food-drink","categoryId":33839},{"name":"Coffee & Tea","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/34333"},"slug":"coffee-tea","categoryId":34333}],"title":"Coffee Brewing Methods","strippedTitle":"coffee brewing methods","slug":"coffee-brewing-methods","canonicalUrl":"","关注座舱改善":{"metaDescription":"The coffee brewing method is an important part of making a great cup of coffee; explore popular immersion methods and the pour-over.","noIndex":0,"noFollow":0},"content":"Your brewing method is an important part of making a great cup of coffee. Whether you use immersion, a pour-over, or a more exotic approach, you can create a delicious drink.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab1\" >Immersion methods</h2>\r\nWith any brewing method, <a href=\"//www.coursofppt.com/food-drink/drinks/coffee-for-dummies-cheat-sheet/\">coffee</a> and water come together for a defined period of time, and then they’re separated. What’s left is the liquid you consume and the grounds you dispose of later. Here are three immersion methods you can try.\r\n<h3>Cupping</h3>\r\nPerhaps the simplest immersion brewing method is <em>cupping</em>. Coffee companies around the world use this method, as tasters evaluate coffees for potential purchase and do the work of quality control by testing through tasting at different stages of production (the following figure shows an example). The SCA provides a specific protocol for cupping, but the general idea is that a small, measured amount of coffee, ground precisely, is combined with a measured amount of hot water in a bowl or cup for a specific time.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_284606\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"556\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-284606\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/coffee-cuppers.jpg\" alt=\"Cuppers taste test coffees.\" width=\"556\" height=\"371\" /> Cuppers taste-test coffees.[/caption]\r\n\r\nThe combined ingredients are smelled and stirred gently, once. The grind size is large enough so that the coffee grounds will saturate and sink, leaving the coffee toward the top of the cup or bowl. The person doing the cupping can then dip out a spoonful of coffee and taste it.\r\n<h3>French press</h3>\r\nIf you want to sip a whole cup of coffee, French press immersion works wonderfully.f\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_284605\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"556\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-284605\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/coffee-french-press.jpg\" alt=\"A French press.\" width=\"556\" height=\"371\" /> A French press.[/caption]\r\n\r\nFrench press also goes by these other names:\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li>Cafetière</li>\r\n \t<li>Cafetière a piston</li>\r\n \t<li>Cafeteria</li>\r\n \t<li>Coffee plunger</li>\r\n \t<li>Coffee press</li>\r\n \t<li>Press pot</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<p class=\"article-tips tech\">Italian designer Paolini Ugo came up with one press idea, and designers Attilio Calimani and Giulio Moneta patented it in 1929. A similar design was patented earlier by two Frenchmen, Mayer and Delforge, in 1852. The first presses were made in France, which is why so many people call them French presses.</p>\r\n<p class=\"article-tips remember\">This method uses carefully measured doses of ground coffee and water at the correct temperature. The coffee dose is ground medium to coarse. Extraction begins when the ground coffee and water are combined in the cylindrical vessel, which is often made of glass, but sometimes plastic or metal.</p>\r\nThorough extraction will result only if you completely mix the ground coffee and water, and successful brewers develop a knack for pouring the water in a way that ensures this saturation occurs. They may even stir the coffee and water at the start. The recommended brewing time is four minutes, and then you push the plunger.\r\n\r\nThe plunger is fitted with a screen that looks like a fine mesh window screen, although it is also sometimes plastic. Plunging that screen through the liquid forces the grounds to the bottom but leaves the liquid above the screen and pourable. Some people who brew with a French press add a last step of decanting the liquid into a second vessel in order to maintain flavor integrity.\r\n<p class=\"article-tips remember\">Coffee that is brewed with a French press is often noteworthy for its fuller flavor, body, and richness. This is because the coffee is coarsely ground and the screen mesh, the filter, is porous enough to allow quite a lot of the solids to pass through into the liquid. That creates a signature feature of the brewed coffee: Residual grounds left behind in the empty cups of those who have finished their coffee.</p>\r\n\r\n<h3>Clever brewer</h3>\r\nA variation on immersion is known as the clever brewer. This brewer is similar to the French press in that the measured water and coffee sit together for a given amount of time.\r\n\r\nThe difference is, as soon as the time is up, you place the brewer on your cup. The apparatus is designed so that the bottom opens and allows the coffee to pour out into the cup, carafe, or vessel below. This filtering method uses a paper or cloth filter instead of mesh, which makes for a cleaner cup of coffee.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab2\" >Use the force of gravity: The pour-over</h2>\r\nAnother variation, referred to as the <em>pour-over,</em> uses gravity to control the process as the brewer pours the water onto, and eventually through, the coffee grounds. Here are some details.\r\n<h3>The basics of a pour-over</h3>\r\nA pour-over makes a single cup or small batch of coffee. Most people experience this brewing style when they have coffee at a restaurant, coffee shop, or convenience store. Think of the familiar urn or airpot-style dispenser; the machine the establishment used to brew the coffee was an automatic pour-over that makes one or two gallons per brew cycle.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_284604\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"400\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-284604\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/coffee-pour-over.jpg\" alt=\"A pour-over.\" width=\"400\" height=\"600\" /> A pour-over.[/caption]\r\n<p class=\"article-tips remember\">Pour-over coffee is easy-peasy. If you’re ready to make the perfect cup or pot of pour-over coffee, make sure you have the following equipment and ingredients:</p>\r\n\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li>Paper, metal, or cloth filter</li>\r\n \t<li>Apparatus (cone-shaped, wedges, flat-bottomed) to hold the filter</li>\r\n \t<li>Carafe, cup, or vessel on which to place the cone</li>\r\n \t<li>Ground coffee</li>\r\n \t<li>Water</li>\r\n \t<li>Kettle to heat, hold, and pour water</li>\r\n \t<li>Scale (optional)</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<h3>Make your own pour-over</h3>\r\nHere is my favorite recipe for brewing. Some steps may vary, depending on the specific recipe and your preferences. You'll have to decide the amount of ground coffee and water, whether you stir and for how long, and how long you wait between pours. When you’re ready to make your own, just follow these steps.\r\n<ol>\r\n \t<li><strong> Measure the coffee. </strong>This is where your recipe begins to unfold. The amount of ground coffee you begin with determines the total quantity of water to be poured. I use 40 grams, a recipe ratio of 1:18, and thus my target for a final weight is 720 grams. I can adjust this final volume weight up or down to brew a bit less or more if I have company. I keep the 1:18 ratio and calculate accordingly.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong> Heat the water. </strong>Water will compose more than 98 percent of your finished brew, so you need good, clean water. A general rule is that if you’re comfortable drinking your tap water—that is, it has no off tastes, like chlorine, rotten egg, salty, or metal—then you can brew with it. If it has any quality that makes you question it, more than likely it will spoil your brew. The water should be boiling when you begin pouring.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong> Fold the paper filter and place it in the cone (holder). </strong>You may notice that most paper filters have a seamed edge, and the fold should be on that edge. Folding the filter allows it to sit more easily in your cone.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong> Pour the heated water over the paper to rinse the paper and heat the vessels. </strong>This step is super-important because you don’t want your coffee to get a taste of paper, which it almost always will if you skip the rinse step. Another benefit: The rinse will serve to heat up your cone and the vessel the coffee will eventually drip into.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong> Discard the rinse water.</strong></li>\r\n \t<li><strong> Put the measured ground coffee into the paper cone.</strong>\r\n<p class=\"article-tips tip\">Tap the cone to level the coffee grounds in your filter so that in your first pours, you get good saturation and good coverage.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li><strong> Pour 50 to 100 grams of water over the grounds to saturate.\r\n</strong>This step is vital to get all your grounds wet. Just don’t pour too much water. The grounds will begin to expand a bit; this is called the <em>bloom.</em></li>\r\n \t<li><strong> Wait 60 seconds.\r\n</strong>During this time, the <em>blooming,</em> you may see some bubbling in your coffee and water as carbon dioxide leaves the coffee.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong> Pour more water.</strong>\r\n<p class=\"article-tips remember\">The total brew time will be three to five minutes. Pour 150 grams more water, bringing the coffee and grounds up in the filter paper. At this point you’re at about 250 grams total. You can either gently stir five to six times, or perhaps gently roll the entire brew cone to create a swirl. At about the three-minute mark, pour another 250 grams of water, and around the 3:45 mark, finish by pouring the remaining water to hit the target total of 720 grams. Enjoy.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ol>\r\nKeep in mind that quite a few designs are available for the cone that holds the paper, as well as different papers to use for filters. You can even purchase some metal insert cones that eliminate the need for paper.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab3\" >A few more options</h2>\r\nHere are four more ways you can choose to brew and enjoy your coffee:\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li><strong>The AeroPress:</strong> Invented in 2005 by Alan Adler, this is an increasingly popular device for brewing. Coffee steeps for a brief amount of time (about 10 to 50 seconds) and then is forced through a filter (paper or metal) by pressing the plunger through the tube.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Vacuum or siphon method:</strong> One of the oldest brewing methods and often considered the most intriguing, this method uses two chambers, vapor pressure, and gravity to extract. It was invented by Loeff of Berlin in the 1830s. The design, materials, and heat source vary, but the basics are the same. Heating the water creates pressure, and the water finds its way to the upper chamber where the coffee grounds are placed. You stir, wait, and remove the heat source. A vacuum is created that pulls the brewed coffee through the filter and back into the lower chamber.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_284603\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"556\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-284603\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/coffee-vacuum-brewing.jpg\" alt=\"A vacuum brewing method.\" width=\"556\" height=\"371\" /> A vacuum brewing method.[/caption]</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Iced coffee:</strong> Traditional iced coffee is created by adding ice to hot-brewed coffee, adjusting the recipe to be strong enough so that when ice is added, you get a flavorful beverage. A general rule is to use either twice the coffee grounds or half the water to essentially create a double-strength concentrate, to which you can add ice.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Cold brew:</strong> With cold-brewed coffee, you eliminate hot water and use only cold water and ground coffee together to extract. With no heat, the extraction time needs to be much longer, approximately 10 to 12 hours. The ratio of ground coffee to water is also much higher. Cold brew is often brewed as a concentrate and diluted prior to consumption.</li>\r\n</ul>","description":"Your brewing method is an important part of making a great cup of coffee. Whether you use immersion, a pour-over, or a more exotic approach, you can create a delicious drink.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab1\" >Immersion methods</h2>\r\nWith any brewing method, <a href=\"//www.coursofppt.com/food-drink/drinks/coffee-for-dummies-cheat-sheet/\">coffee</a> and water come together for a defined period of time, and then they’re separated. What’s left is the liquid you consume and the grounds you dispose of later. Here are three immersion methods you can try.\r\n<h3>Cupping</h3>\r\nPerhaps the simplest immersion brewing method is <em>cupping</em>. Coffee companies around the world use this method, as tasters evaluate coffees for potential purchase and do the work of quality control by testing through tasting at different stages of production (the following figure shows an example). The SCA provides a specific protocol for cupping, but the general idea is that a small, measured amount of coffee, ground precisely, is combined with a measured amount of hot water in a bowl or cup for a specific time.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_284606\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"556\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-284606\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/coffee-cuppers.jpg\" alt=\"Cuppers taste test coffees.\" width=\"556\" height=\"371\" /> Cuppers taste-test coffees.[/caption]\r\n\r\nThe combined ingredients are smelled and stirred gently, once. The grind size is large enough so that the coffee grounds will saturate and sink, leaving the coffee toward the top of the cup or bowl. The person doing the cupping can then dip out a spoonful of coffee and taste it.\r\n<h3>French press</h3>\r\nIf you want to sip a whole cup of coffee, French press immersion works wonderfully.f\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_284605\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"556\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-284605\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/coffee-french-press.jpg\" alt=\"A French press.\" width=\"556\" height=\"371\" /> A French press.[/caption]\r\n\r\nFrench press also goes by these other names:\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li>Cafetière</li>\r\n \t<li>Cafetière a piston</li>\r\n \t<li>Cafeteria</li>\r\n \t<li>Coffee plunger</li>\r\n \t<li>Coffee press</li>\r\n \t<li>Press pot</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<p class=\"article-tips tech\">Italian designer Paolini Ugo came up with one press idea, and designers Attilio Calimani and Giulio Moneta patented it in 1929. A similar design was patented earlier by two Frenchmen, Mayer and Delforge, in 1852. The first presses were made in France, which is why so many people call them French presses.</p>\r\n<p class=\"article-tips remember\">This method uses carefully measured doses of ground coffee and water at the correct temperature. The coffee dose is ground medium to coarse. Extraction begins when the ground coffee and water are combined in the cylindrical vessel, which is often made of glass, but sometimes plastic or metal.</p>\r\nThorough extraction will result only if you completely mix the ground coffee and water, and successful brewers develop a knack for pouring the water in a way that ensures this saturation occurs. They may even stir the coffee and water at the start. The recommended brewing time is four minutes, and then you push the plunger.\r\n\r\nThe plunger is fitted with a screen that looks like a fine mesh window screen, although it is also sometimes plastic. Plunging that screen through the liquid forces the grounds to the bottom but leaves the liquid above the screen and pourable. Some people who brew with a French press add a last step of decanting the liquid into a second vessel in order to maintain flavor integrity.\r\n<p class=\"article-tips remember\">Coffee that is brewed with a French press is often noteworthy for its fuller flavor, body, and richness. This is because the coffee is coarsely ground and the screen mesh, the filter, is porous enough to allow quite a lot of the solids to pass through into the liquid. That creates a signature feature of the brewed coffee: Residual grounds left behind in the empty cups of those who have finished their coffee.</p>\r\n\r\n<h3>Clever brewer</h3>\r\nA variation on immersion is known as the clever brewer. This brewer is similar to the French press in that the measured water and coffee sit together for a given amount of time.\r\n\r\nThe difference is, as soon as the time is up, you place the brewer on your cup. The apparatus is designed so that the bottom opens and allows the coffee to pour out into the cup, carafe, or vessel below. This filtering method uses a paper or cloth filter instead of mesh, which makes for a cleaner cup of coffee.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab2\" >Use the force of gravity: The pour-over</h2>\r\nAnother variation, referred to as the <em>pour-over,</em> uses gravity to control the process as the brewer pours the water onto, and eventually through, the coffee grounds. Here are some details.\r\n<h3>The basics of a pour-over</h3>\r\nA pour-over makes a single cup or small batch of coffee. Most people experience this brewing style when they have coffee at a restaurant, coffee shop, or convenience store. Think of the familiar urn or airpot-style dispenser; the machine the establishment used to brew the coffee was an automatic pour-over that makes one or two gallons per brew cycle.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_284604\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"400\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-284604\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/coffee-pour-over.jpg\" alt=\"A pour-over.\" width=\"400\" height=\"600\" /> A pour-over.[/caption]\r\n<p class=\"article-tips remember\">Pour-over coffee is easy-peasy. If you’re ready to make the perfect cup or pot of pour-over coffee, make sure you have the following equipment and ingredients:</p>\r\n\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li>Paper, metal, or cloth filter</li>\r\n \t<li>Apparatus (cone-shaped, wedges, flat-bottomed) to hold the filter</li>\r\n \t<li>Carafe, cup, or vessel on which to place the cone</li>\r\n \t<li>Ground coffee</li>\r\n \t<li>Water</li>\r\n \t<li>Kettle to heat, hold, and pour water</li>\r\n \t<li>Scale (optional)</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<h3>Make your own pour-over</h3>\r\nHere is my favorite recipe for brewing. Some steps may vary, depending on the specific recipe and your preferences. You'll have to decide the amount of ground coffee and water, whether you stir and for how long, and how long you wait between pours. When you’re ready to make your own, just follow these steps.\r\n<ol>\r\n \t<li><strong> Measure the coffee. </strong>This is where your recipe begins to unfold. The amount of ground coffee you begin with determines the total quantity of water to be poured. I use 40 grams, a recipe ratio of 1:18, and thus my target for a final weight is 720 grams. I can adjust this final volume weight up or down to brew a bit less or more if I have company. I keep the 1:18 ratio and calculate accordingly.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong> Heat the water. </strong>Water will compose more than 98 percent of your finished brew, so you need good, clean water. A general rule is that if you’re comfortable drinking your tap water—that is, it has no off tastes, like chlorine, rotten egg, salty, or metal—then you can brew with it. If it has any quality that makes you question it, more than likely it will spoil your brew. The water should be boiling when you begin pouring.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong> Fold the paper filter and place it in the cone (holder). </strong>You may notice that most paper filters have a seamed edge, and the fold should be on that edge. Folding the filter allows it to sit more easily in your cone.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong> Pour the heated water over the paper to rinse the paper and heat the vessels. </strong>This step is super-important because you don’t want your coffee to get a taste of paper, which it almost always will if you skip the rinse step. Another benefit: The rinse will serve to heat up your cone and the vessel the coffee will eventually drip into.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong> Discard the rinse water.</strong></li>\r\n \t<li><strong> Put the measured ground coffee into the paper cone.</strong>\r\n<p class=\"article-tips tip\">Tap the cone to level the coffee grounds in your filter so that in your first pours, you get good saturation and good coverage.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li><strong> Pour 50 to 100 grams of water over the grounds to saturate.\r\n</strong>This step is vital to get all your grounds wet. Just don’t pour too much water. The grounds will begin to expand a bit; this is called the <em>bloom.</em></li>\r\n \t<li><strong> Wait 60 seconds.\r\n</strong>During this time, the <em>blooming,</em> you may see some bubbling in your coffee and water as carbon dioxide leaves the coffee.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong> Pour more water.</strong>\r\n<p class=\"article-tips remember\">The total brew time will be three to five minutes. Pour 150 grams more water, bringing the coffee and grounds up in the filter paper. At this point you’re at about 250 grams total. You can either gently stir five to six times, or perhaps gently roll the entire brew cone to create a swirl. At about the three-minute mark, pour another 250 grams of water, and around the 3:45 mark, finish by pouring the remaining water to hit the target total of 720 grams. Enjoy.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ol>\r\nKeep in mind that quite a few designs are available for the cone that holds the paper, as well as different papers to use for filters. You can even purchase some metal insert cones that eliminate the need for paper.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab3\" >A few more options</h2>\r\nHere are four more ways you can choose to brew and enjoy your coffee:\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li><strong>The AeroPress:</strong> Invented in 2005 by Alan Adler, this is an increasingly popular device for brewing. Coffee steeps for a brief amount of time (about 10 to 50 seconds) and then is forced through a filter (paper or metal) by pressing the plunger through the tube.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Vacuum or siphon method:</strong> One of the oldest brewing methods and often considered the most intriguing, this method uses two chambers, vapor pressure, and gravity to extract. It was invented by Loeff of Berlin in the 1830s. The design, materials, and heat source vary, but the basics are the same. Heating the water creates pressure, and the water finds its way to the upper chamber where the coffee grounds are placed. You stir, wait, and remove the heat source. A vacuum is created that pulls the brewed coffee through the filter and back into the lower chamber.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_284603\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"556\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-284603\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/coffee-vacuum-brewing.jpg\" alt=\"A vacuum brewing method.\" width=\"556\" height=\"371\" /> A vacuum brewing method.[/caption]</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Iced coffee:</strong> Traditional iced coffee is created by adding ice to hot-brewed coffee, adjusting the recipe to be strong enough so that when ice is added, you get a flavorful beverage. A general rule is to use either twice the coffee grounds or half the water to essentially create a double-strength concentrate, to which you can add ice.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Cold brew:</strong> With cold-brewed coffee, you eliminate hot water and use only cold water and ground coffee together to extract. With no heat, the extraction time needs to be much longer, approximately 10 to 12 hours. The ratio of ground coffee to water is also much higher. Cold brew is often brewed as a concentrate and diluted prior to consumption.</li>\r\n</ul>","blurb":"","authors":[{"authorId":33507,"name":"Major Cohen","slug":"major-cohen","description":" <p><b>Major Cohen</b>, a certified Specialty Coffee Association (SCA) licensed trainer, recently retired from <i>Starbucks</i>. He is a passionate coffee guy who has a unique knack for making the complex and confusing coffee world easily understood. ","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/33507"}}],"primaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":34333,"title":"Coffee & Tea","slug":"coffee-tea","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/34333"}},"secondaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"tertiaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"trendingArticles":null,"inThisArticle":[{"label":"Immersion methods","target":"#tab1"},{"label":"Use the force of gravity: The pour-over","target":"#tab2"},{"label":"A few more options","target":"#tab3"}],"relatedArticles":{"fromBook":[],"fromCategory":[{"articleId":284590,"title":"How to Order Coffee","slug":"how-to-order-coffee","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","food-drink","coffee-tea"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/284590"}},{"articleId":284582,"title":"Making the Perfect Espresso—The Four 'M's","slug":"making-the-perfect-espresso-the-four-ms","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","food-drink","coffee-tea"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/284582"}},{"articleId":284559,"title":"Central America’s Influence on Coffee Production","slug":"central-americas-influence-on-coffee-production","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","food-drink","coffee-tea"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/284559"}},{"articleId":284549,"title":"The Life Cycle of Coffee: From Seed to Harvest","slug":"the-life-cycle-of-coffee-from-seed-to-harvest","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","food-drink","coffee-tea"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/284549"}},{"articleId":284544,"title":"Where Is Coffee Grown?","slug":"where-is-coffee-grown","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","food-drink","coffee-tea"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/284544"}}]},"hasRelatedBookFromSearch":false,"relatedBook":{"bookId":282727,"slug":"coffee-for-dummies","isbn":"9781119679011","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","food-drink","coffee-tea"],"amazon":{"default":"//www.amazon.com/gp/product/111967901X/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","ca":"//www.amazon.ca/gp/product/111967901X/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","indigo_ca":"//www.tkqlhce.com/click-9208661-13710633?url=//www.chapters.indigo.ca/en-ca/books/product/111967901X-item.html&cjsku=978111945484","gb":"//www.amazon.co.uk/gp/product/111967901X/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","de":"//www.amazon.de/gp/product/111967901X/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20"},"image":{"src":"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/coffee-for-dummies-cover-9781119679011-203x255.jpg","width":203,"height":255},"title":"Coffee For Dummies","testBankPinActivationLink":"","bookOutOfPrint":true,"authorsInfo":"<p><p><b><b data-author-id=\"33507\">Major Cohen</b></b>, a certified Specialty Coffee Association (SCA) licensed trainer, recently retired from <i>Starbucks</i>. He is a passionate coffee guy who has a unique knack for making the complex and confusing coffee world easily understood.</p>","authors":[{"authorId":33507,"name":"Major Cohen","slug":"major-cohen","description":" <p><b>Major Cohen</b>, a certified Specialty Coffee Association (SCA) licensed trainer, recently retired from <i>Starbucks</i>. He is a passionate coffee guy who has a unique knack for making the complex and confusing coffee world easily understood. ","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/33507"}}],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/books/"}},"collections":[],"articleAds":{"footerAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;home-auto-hobbies&quot;,&quot;food-drink&quot;,&quot;coffee-tea&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9781119679011&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-63221ade41bf1\"></div></div>","rightAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_right_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_right_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;home-auto-hobbies&quot;,&quot;food-drink&quot;,&quot;coffee-tea&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9781119679011&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-63221ade4244d\"></div></div>"},"articleType":{"articleType":"Articles","articleList":null,"content":null,"videoInfo":{"videoId":null,"name":null,"accountId":null,"playerId":null,"thumbnailUrl":null,"description":null,"uploadDate":null}},"sponsorship":{"sponsorshipPage":false,"backgroundImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"brandingLine":"","brandingLink":"","brandingLogo":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"sponsorAd":"","sponsorEbookTitle":"","sponsorEbookLink":"","sponsorEbookImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0}},"primaryLearningPath":"Explore","lifeExpectancy":"One year","lifeExpectancySetFrom":"2022-04-30T00:00:00+00:00","dummiesForKids":"no","sponsoredContent":"no","adInfo":"","adPairKey":[]},"status":"publish","visibility":"public","articleId":284602},{"headers":{"creationTime":"2022-04-30T19:37:39+00:00","modifiedTime":"2022-04-30T19:42:38+00:00","timestamp":"2023-09-14T18:18:05+00:00"},"data":{"breadcrumbs":[{"name":"Home, Auto, & Hobbies","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33809"},"slug":"home-auto-hobbies","categoryId":33809},{"name":"Food & Drink","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33839"},"slug":"food-drink","categoryId":33839},{"name":"Coffee & Tea","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/34333"},"slug":"coffee-tea","categoryId":34333}],"title":"How to Order Coffee","strippedTitle":"how to order coffee","slug":"how-to-order-coffee","canonicalUrl":"","关注座舱改善":{"metaDescription":"Coffeehouse menus seems to be written in a foreign language these days. Learn how to decipher the menu and figure out what you're ordering.","noIndex":0,"noFollow":0},"content":"Standing at the counter at your local coffeehouse and deciding what you want can feel overwhelming. Ordering <a href=\"//www.coursofppt.com/food-drink/drinks/coffee-for-dummies-cheat-sheet/\">coffee</a> was easier before everybody became a connoisseur. Do you want regular or decaf? Cream, sugar, or black? That was about it.\r\n\r\nHowever, the world of espresso beverages introduced an entirely new language to the menu. Now, you really need to know how to order an espresso or espresso-based beverage. The foundation to nearly all the following drinks is the same:\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li>A shot or shots of espresso</li>\r\n \t<li>Well-steamed milk (or some other alternative like almond, soy, or oat milk)</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<h2 id=\"tab1\" >Espresso solo or doppio</h2>\r\n<em>Espresso solo </em>or<em> doppio</em> is the result when a shot or shots are pulled. Nothing else is added. The crema (the lighter-golden creamy layer on top) should always be obvious. The crema is created when hot water hits the ground coffee bean oils and floats atop the shot; its smooth creamy bubbles give a good indication of the quality that lies below in the body and heart layers.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_284598\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"556\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-284598\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/coffee-espresso-solo.jpg\" alt=\"An espresso solo\" width=\"556\" height=\"503\" /> © John Wiley & Sons, Inc.<br />An espresso solo.[/caption]\r\n<h2 id=\"tab2\" >Ristretto</h2>\r\nTranslated from the Italian, a <em>ristretto</em> is a restricted espresso shot, which means it’s smaller and stronger, because it uses less brewing water and a slightly finer grind to ensure the extraction time is adequate.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab3\" >Lungo</h2>\r\nA <em>lungo</em> is a long-pulled espresso. It involves using a bit more water, so it ends up a bit weaker. Sometimes afficionados look down on this drink, but with the right grind — often a lighter-roasted espresso coffee, ground slightly coarser — this can be a delicious beverage.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab4\" >Macchiato</h2>\r\nThe name <em>macchiato, </em>which means<em> marked </em>in Italian, comes from espresso’s Italian heritage. Just add a bit of milk and what you get is espresso with a dollop of milk on top. The more recent trend with this beverage is to add more milk than before.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_284597\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"556\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-284597\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/coffee-macchiato.jpg\" alt=\"A macchiato\" width=\"556\" height=\"501\" /> © John Wiley & Sons, Inc.<br />A macchiato.[/caption]\r\n<p class=\"article-tips tip\">You may be confused because some roasters broadly market their beverages as macchiatos, but the drinks bear little resemblance to a real macchiato. If you’re not sure what you’re ordering, ask the barista to explain the ingredients.</p>\r\n\r\n<h2 id=\"tab5\" >Cappuccino</h2>\r\nOriginally derived from a Viennese, not Italian, beverage and dating to the 19th century, the <em>kapuziner</em> was a brewed coffee-and-steamed-milk combination that was poured in parts (espresso shot and steamed milk) that ended up the color of Capuchin monks’ robes. The Italians and their advancements with espresso machines, great craft, and cafés gave a robust push to the drink you know today.\r\n\r\nThe cappuccino is served in a small cup and consists of the following (the ideal amounts of which are subject to great debate):\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li>Espresso shots</li>\r\n \t<li>Steamed milk</li>\r\n \t<li>A small amount of foam</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_284596\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"556\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-284596\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/coffee-cappuccino.jpg\" alt=\"A cappuccino\" width=\"556\" height=\"501\" /> © John Wiley & Sons, Inc.<br />A cappuccino.[/caption]\r\n\r\nThe Specialty Coffee Association’s accepted standard is a bit more specific:\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li>A single shot (5 to 6 ounces, 150 to 180ml) of espresso</li>\r\n \t<li>A topping of steamed milk foam, about 1/3-inch (1cm) thick</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<p class=\"article-tips remember\">Similar to the modern variation of the macchiato, today you can find an incredible variation in the cappuccino, with some coffee shops offering beverages as large as 20 ounces and calling them cappuccinos. Technically, they aren’t, because the tradition of a small beverage is a well-established one.</p>\r\n\r\n<h2 id=\"tab6\" >Caffé latte</h2>\r\nThe latte (see the following figure)—a top choice among espresso coffee drinkers globally—isn’t Italian in origin. Rather, it’s the result of coffee drinkers wanting to add some steamed milk to the seemingly strong and bitter coffee to mellow the flavor.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_284595\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"556\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-284595\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/coffee-caffe-latte.jpg\" alt=\"A caffé latte\" width=\"556\" height=\"501\" /> © John Wiley & Sons, Inc.<br />A caffé latte.[/caption]\r\n\r\nIn fact, order a latte in Italy without the word <em>caffé</em>, and you’ll just get milk. I think of this beverage more as a lightly coffee-flavored milk drink, and I often enjoy a variation with an extra shot or two of espresso to boost the coffee flavor.\r\n\r\nWordStr the steamed milk with steamed half and half for a caffé breve.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_284594\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"556\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-284594\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/coffee-caffe-breve.jpg\" alt=\"A caffé breve\" width=\"556\" height=\"501\" /> © John Wiley & Sons, Inc.<br />A caffé breve.[/caption]\r\n<h2 id=\"tab7\" >Mocha</h2>\r\nAdding some chocolate syrup to your espresso and steamed milk makes your drink a mocha. You can ask your barista for a dollop of whipped cream if you’re decadent.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_284593\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"556\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-284593\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/coffee-mocha.jpg\" alt=\"A mocha\" width=\"556\" height=\"501\" /> © John Wiley & Sons, Inc.<br />A mocha.[/caption]\r\n<h2 id=\"tab8\" >Flat white coffee</h2>\r\nThe flat white originated in New Zealand or possibly Australia. No matter where it came from, the flat white has achieved global recognition as a result of the proliferation of cafés and burgeoning consumer awareness. A flat white is really a latte—often a smaller one that rarely features any foam, just well-steamed milk and perhaps a smidge of foam.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_284592\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"556\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-284592\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/coffee-flat-white.jpg\" alt=\"A flat white\" width=\"556\" height=\"501\" /> © John Wiley & Sons, Inc.<br />A flat white.[/caption]\r\n<h2 id=\"tab9\" >Americano coffee</h2>\r\nAmerican soldiers serving in Italy in World War II wanted a beverage more closely resembling the brewed coffee experience they liked at home as opposed to Italian espresso. The result was the Americano, which is simply an espresso with hot water added.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_284591\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"556\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-284591\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/coffee-americano.jpg\" alt=\"An Americano.\" width=\"556\" height=\"501\" /> © John Wiley & Sons, Inc.<br />An Americano.[/caption]\r\n<h2 id=\"tab10\" >Cortado</h2>\r\nOriginating in Spain, the cortado highlights both slightly weaker espresso shots (often found in Spain because Spaniards’ preferred recipe features a longer brew) and steamed milk. A cortado is served in a small glass and consists of about 30ml of espresso with an equal portion of steamed milk.","description":"Standing at the counter at your local coffeehouse and deciding what you want can feel overwhelming. Ordering <a href=\"//www.coursofppt.com/food-drink/drinks/coffee-for-dummies-cheat-sheet/\">coffee</a> was easier before everybody became a connoisseur. Do you want regular or decaf? Cream, sugar, or black? That was about it.\r\n\r\nHowever, the world of espresso beverages introduced an entirely new language to the menu. Now, you really need to know how to order an espresso or espresso-based beverage. The foundation to nearly all the following drinks is the same:\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li>A shot or shots of espresso</li>\r\n \t<li>Well-steamed milk (or some other alternative like almond, soy, or oat milk)</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<h2 id=\"tab1\" >Espresso solo or doppio</h2>\r\n<em>Espresso solo </em>or<em> doppio</em> is the result when a shot or shots are pulled. Nothing else is added. The crema (the lighter-golden creamy layer on top) should always be obvious. The crema is created when hot water hits the ground coffee bean oils and floats atop the shot; its smooth creamy bubbles give a good indication of the quality that lies below in the body and heart layers.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_284598\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"556\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-284598\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/coffee-espresso-solo.jpg\" alt=\"An espresso solo\" width=\"556\" height=\"503\" /> © John Wiley & Sons, Inc.<br />An espresso solo.[/caption]\r\n<h2 id=\"tab2\" >Ristretto</h2>\r\nTranslated from the Italian, a <em>ristretto</em> is a restricted espresso shot, which means it’s smaller and stronger, because it uses less brewing water and a slightly finer grind to ensure the extraction time is adequate.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab3\" >Lungo</h2>\r\nA <em>lungo</em> is a long-pulled espresso. It involves using a bit more water, so it ends up a bit weaker. Sometimes afficionados look down on this drink, but with the right grind — often a lighter-roasted espresso coffee, ground slightly coarser — this can be a delicious beverage.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab4\" >Macchiato</h2>\r\nThe name <em>macchiato, </em>which means<em> marked </em>in Italian, comes from espresso’s Italian heritage. Just add a bit of milk and what you get is espresso with a dollop of milk on top. The more recent trend with this beverage is to add more milk than before.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_284597\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"556\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-284597\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/coffee-macchiato.jpg\" alt=\"A macchiato\" width=\"556\" height=\"501\" /> © John Wiley & Sons, Inc.<br />A macchiato.[/caption]\r\n<p class=\"article-tips tip\">You may be confused because some roasters broadly market their beverages as macchiatos, but the drinks bear little resemblance to a real macchiato. If you’re not sure what you’re ordering, ask the barista to explain the ingredients.</p>\r\n\r\n<h2 id=\"tab5\" >Cappuccino</h2>\r\nOriginally derived from a Viennese, not Italian, beverage and dating to the 19th century, the <em>kapuziner</em> was a brewed coffee-and-steamed-milk combination that was poured in parts (espresso shot and steamed milk) that ended up the color of Capuchin monks’ robes. The Italians and their advancements with espresso machines, great craft, and cafés gave a robust push to the drink you know today.\r\n\r\nThe cappuccino is served in a small cup and consists of the following (the ideal amounts of which are subject to great debate):\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li>Espresso shots</li>\r\n \t<li>Steamed milk</li>\r\n \t<li>A small amount of foam</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_284596\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"556\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-284596\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/coffee-cappuccino.jpg\" alt=\"A cappuccino\" width=\"556\" height=\"501\" /> © John Wiley & Sons, Inc.<br />A cappuccino.[/caption]\r\n\r\nThe Specialty Coffee Association’s accepted standard is a bit more specific:\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li>A single shot (5 to 6 ounces, 150 to 180ml) of espresso</li>\r\n \t<li>A topping of steamed milk foam, about 1/3-inch (1cm) thick</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<p class=\"article-tips remember\">Similar to the modern variation of the macchiato, today you can find an incredible variation in the cappuccino, with some coffee shops offering beverages as large as 20 ounces and calling them cappuccinos. Technically, they aren’t, because the tradition of a small beverage is a well-established one.</p>\r\n\r\n<h2 id=\"tab6\" >Caffé latte</h2>\r\nThe latte (see the following figure)—a top choice among espresso coffee drinkers globally—isn’t Italian in origin. Rather, it’s the result of coffee drinkers wanting to add some steamed milk to the seemingly strong and bitter coffee to mellow the flavor.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_284595\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"556\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-284595\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/coffee-caffe-latte.jpg\" alt=\"A caffé latte\" width=\"556\" height=\"501\" /> © John Wiley & Sons, Inc.<br />A caffé latte.[/caption]\r\n\r\nIn fact, order a latte in Italy without the word <em>caffé</em>, and you’ll just get milk. I think of this beverage more as a lightly coffee-flavored milk drink, and I often enjoy a variation with an extra shot or two of espresso to boost the coffee flavor.\r\n\r\nWordStr the steamed milk with steamed half and half for a caffé breve.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_284594\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"556\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-284594\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/coffee-caffe-breve.jpg\" alt=\"A caffé breve\" width=\"556\" height=\"501\" /> © John Wiley & Sons, Inc.<br />A caffé breve.[/caption]\r\n<h2 id=\"tab7\" >Mocha</h2>\r\nAdding some chocolate syrup to your espresso and steamed milk makes your drink a mocha. You can ask your barista for a dollop of whipped cream if you’re decadent.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_284593\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"556\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-284593\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/coffee-mocha.jpg\" alt=\"A mocha\" width=\"556\" height=\"501\" /> © John Wiley & Sons, Inc.<br />A mocha.[/caption]\r\n<h2 id=\"tab8\" >Flat white coffee</h2>\r\nThe flat white originated in New Zealand or possibly Australia. No matter where it came from, the flat white has achieved global recognition as a result of the proliferation of cafés and burgeoning consumer awareness. A flat white is really a latte—often a smaller one that rarely features any foam, just well-steamed milk and perhaps a smidge of foam.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_284592\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"556\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-284592\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/coffee-flat-white.jpg\" alt=\"A flat white\" width=\"556\" height=\"501\" /> © John Wiley & Sons, Inc.<br />A flat white.[/caption]\r\n<h2 id=\"tab9\" >Americano coffee</h2>\r\nAmerican soldiers serving in Italy in World War II wanted a beverage more closely resembling the brewed coffee experience they liked at home as opposed to Italian espresso. The result was the Americano, which is simply an espresso with hot water added.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_284591\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"556\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-284591\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/coffee-americano.jpg\" alt=\"An Americano.\" width=\"556\" height=\"501\" /> © John Wiley & Sons, Inc.<br />An Americano.[/caption]\r\n<h2 id=\"tab10\" >Cortado</h2>\r\nOriginating in Spain, the cortado highlights both slightly weaker espresso shots (often found in Spain because Spaniards’ preferred recipe features a longer brew) and steamed milk. A cortado is served in a small glass and consists of about 30ml of espresso with an equal portion of steamed milk.","blurb":"","authors":[{"authorId":33507,"name":"Major Cohen","slug":"major-cohen","description":" <p><b>Major Cohen</b>, a certified Specialty Coffee Association (SCA) licensed trainer, recently retired from <i>Starbucks</i>. He is a passionate coffee guy who has a unique knack for making the complex and confusing coffee world easily understood. ","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/33507"}}],"primaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":34333,"title":"Coffee & Tea","slug":"coffee-tea","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/34333"}},"secondaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"tertiaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"trendingArticles":null,"inThisArticle":[{"label":"Espresso solo or doppio","target":"#tab1"},{"label":"Ristretto","target":"#tab2"},{"label":"Lungo","target":"#tab3"},{"label":"Macchiato","target":"#tab4"},{"label":"Cappuccino","target":"#tab5"},{"label":"Caffé latte","target":"#tab6"},{"label":"Mocha","target":"#tab7"},{"label":"Flat white coffee","target":"#tab8"},{"label":"Americano coffee","target":"#tab9"},{"label":"Cortado","target":"#tab10"}],"relatedArticles":{"fromBook":[],"fromCategory":[{"articleId":284602,"title":"Coffee Brewing Methods","slug":"coffee-brewing-methods","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","food-drink","coffee-tea"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/284602"}},{"articleId":284582,"title":"Making the Perfect Espresso—The Four 'M's","slug":"making-the-perfect-espresso-the-four-ms","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","food-drink","coffee-tea"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/284582"}},{"articleId":284559,"title":"Central America’s Influence on Coffee Production","slug":"central-americas-influence-on-coffee-production","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","food-drink","coffee-tea"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/284559"}},{"articleId":284549,"title":"The Life Cycle of Coffee: From Seed to Harvest","slug":"the-life-cycle-of-coffee-from-seed-to-harvest","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","food-drink","coffee-tea"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/284549"}},{"articleId":284544,"title":"Where Is Coffee Grown?","slug":"where-is-coffee-grown","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","food-drink","coffee-tea"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/284544"}}]},"hasRelatedBookFromSearch":false,"relatedBook":{"bookId":0,"slug":null,"isbn":null,"categoryList":null,"amazon":null,"image":null,"title":null,"testBankPinActivationLink":null,"bookOutOfPrint":false,"authorsInfo":null,"authors":null,"_links":null},"collections":[],"articleAds":{"footerAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;home-auto-hobbies&quot;,&quot;food-drink&quot;,&quot;coffee-tea&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[null]}]\" id=\"du-slot-63221adde8dbb\"></div></div>","rightAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_right_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_right_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;home-auto-hobbies&quot;,&quot;food-drink&quot;,&quot;coffee-tea&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[null]}]\" id=\"du-slot-63221adde9644\"></div></div>"},"articleType":{"articleType":"Articles","articleList":null,"content":null,"videoInfo":{"videoId":null,"name":null,"accountId":null,"playerId":null,"thumbnailUrl":null,"description":null,"uploadDate":null}},"sponsorship":{"sponsorshipPage":false,"backgroundImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"brandingLine":"","brandingLink":"","brandingLogo":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"sponsorAd":"","sponsorEbookTitle":"","sponsorEbookLink":"","sponsorEbookImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0}},"primaryLearningPath":"Explore","lifeExpectancy":"Two years","lifeExpectancySetFrom":"2022-04-30T00:00:00+00:00","dummiesForKids":"no","sponsoredContent":"no","adInfo":"","adPairKey":[]},"status":"publish","visibility":"public","articleId":284590},{"headers":{"creationTime":"2022-04-30T19:17:43+00:00","modifiedTime":"2022-04-30T19:17:43+00:00","timestamp":"2023-09-14T18:18:05+00:00"},"data":{"breadcrumbs":[{"name":"Home, Auto, & Hobbies","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33809"},"slug":"home-auto-hobbies","categoryId":33809},{"name":"Food & Drink","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33839"},"slug":"food-drink","categoryId":33839},{"name":"Coffee & Tea","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/34333"},"slug":"coffee-tea","categoryId":34333}],"title":"Making the Perfect Espresso—The Four 'M's","strippedTitle":"making the perfect espresso—the four 'm's","slug":"making-the-perfect-espresso-the-four-ms","canonicalUrl":"","关注座舱改善":{"metaDescription":"Learn how to make espresso, step by step, by using the four 'M's—Macchina, Macinaziona, Miscela, and Mano.","noIndex":0,"noFollow":0},"content":"According to coffee-loving Italians, you need four key elements for perfect espresso. Here they are:\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li><strong>Macchina: </strong>The <a href=\"//www.coursofppt.com/home-garden/coffee-maker-buying-guide/\">espresso machine</a></li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Macinazione:</strong> The proper grinding of the beans—a uniform grind between fine and powdery—that is ideally created moments before brewing the drink</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Miscela:</strong> The coffee blend and the roast</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Mano:</strong> The skilled hand of the barista; even with the finest beans and the most advanced equipment, the shot depends on the touch of the barista</li>\r\n</ul>\r\nIf all these elements come together in harmony, the result is an amazingly intense coffee experience, highlighted by a sweetness and richness that can’t be equaled.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab1\" >How to make espresso, step by step</h2>\r\nThe four 'M's are the foundation for making espresso. Whether you’re the barista at home, or you’re in the hands of a professional barista, envision these steps to see the four 'M's in action:\r\n<ol>\r\n \t<li><strong> Remove the portafilter from the group head and flush the group head. </strong>Removing the portafilter and running hot water through the group head starts it all off.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong> Wipe the basket clean and dry it. </strong>A bit of water and perhaps some older grounds need to be cleaned off in this step.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong> Dose and distribute the desired grams of coffee. </strong>The size of the measured grind particles is the first important variable. Getting your perfectly ground, measured dose of <a href=\"//www.coursofppt.com/food-drink/drinks/coffee-for-dummies-cheat-sheet/\">coffee</a> into the portafilter basket is generally a function of the grinder mechanism, but you can easily scoop it in as well.\r\n<p class=\"article-tips remember\">Next to particle size, the most important variable is the amount of coffee you use. Early baristas simply eyeballed or approximated how many grams would go into the portafilter basket, but today you can see specific basket sizes for single and double shots, and within those are baskets specific to gram weight so that the dose can be exact. Gram scale measurement of the dose is the rule today. A café or coffee shop will have a recipe—grams in the basket to grams in the liquid output. Here's my formula: 25 to 35ml (.85 to 1.2 ounces) of liquid for 7 to 9 grams of coffee grounds.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li><strong> Tamp consistently, ergonomically, and level. </strong>The barista uses the tamper tool to press down. Then they level the dose and do a bit of cleaning around it. The tamping step is crucial to compacting the coffee; the tamped coffee dose needs to be consistent and level so the water will flow evenly through the coffee.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_284586\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"556\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-284586\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/coffee-tamping.jpg\" alt=\"coffee tamping\" width=\"556\" height=\"371\" /> Tamping compacts the coffee.[/caption]\r\n<p class=\"article-tips warning\">This step is physically challenging for a beginner, because it takes a bit of muscle. When done incorrectly, it can leave your wrist exposed to injury. (That’s why doing it ergonomically is important.) Watch a skilled barista execute this step, and you’ll see them use their arm as a kind of piston, working from the shoulder and elbow, not the wrist.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li><strong> Clean the loose grounds from the portafilter surfaces.</strong></li>\r\n \t<li><strong> Insert the portafilter into the group head and start the pump immediately, as one continuous motion.\r\n</strong>\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_284585\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"556\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-284585\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/coffee-tamper-tool.jpg\" alt=\"A barista inserts the tamper tool.\" width=\"556\" height=\"371\" /> A barista inserts the tamper tool.[/caption]\r\n<p class=\"article-tips tip\">This moment of inserting and starting is often the most difficult for less experienced baristas, because they often engage the portafilter on the machine and then pause before they begin extraction. Precious seconds elapse, and the quality of the resulting shots is hurt by that delay because the group head is hot. You don’t want it to begin to heat the coffee, so the press the start button immediately to begin extraction.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li><strong> Observe the flow and stop the pump appropriately.</strong></li>\r\n \t<li><strong> Serve the espresso, or use it to make an espresso-based drink.</strong></li>\r\n \t<li><strong> Remove the portafilter and knock out the spent grounds.</strong></li>\r\n \t<li><strong> Wipe the basket clean and flush the group head; rinsing is optional.</strong></li>\r\n \t<li><strong> Return the portafilter to the group head to keep it preheated.</strong></li>\r\n</ol>\r\n<p class=\"article-tips remember\">Steps 1 to 5 tell how to place the coffee in the portafilter, and a barista can assess its potential almost immediately in Steps 6 and 7. If the shot liquid comes out fast, the grind is probably too coarse; if it is slow or does not begin at all, the grind is most likely too fine.</p>\r\n\r\n<h2 id=\"tab2\" >The perfect shot</h2>\r\n<p class=\"article-tips remember\">The breakdown of a perfect shot is well documented, and it should feature the following:</p>\r\n\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li><strong>Heart:</strong> The deep, dark liquid core</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Body:</strong> A golden brown liquid just above the heart that looks almost alive as it is pouring or streaming</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Crema:</strong> A lighter-golden creamy layer on top.</li>\r\n</ul>\r\nYou can see the breakdown here. You’re ready to enjoy this shot.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_284584\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"478\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-284584\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/coffee-espresso-shot.jpg\" alt=\"An espresso shot\" width=\"478\" height=\"600\" /> © John Wiley & Sons, Inc.<br />An espresso shot.[/caption]\r\n<h2 id=\"tab3\" >Adding milk or an alternative</h2>\r\nMany espresso recipes call for steamed milk or an alternative like soymilk or almond milk, also steamed. If your drink order requires milk, the barista has it nearby and ready to go. The barista steams the milk or milk alternative with a steaming pitcher to accomplish two tasks:\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_284583\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"556\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-284583\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/coffee-steaming-wand.jpg\" alt=\"barista steams the milk\" width=\"556\" height=\"371\" /> The barista steams the milk with the steaming wand.[/caption]\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li>To add air to the milk</li>\r\n \t<li>To heat the milk</li>\r\n</ul>\r\nAs the milk foams, it’s heating up, adding volume, becoming creamier, and getting sweeter. Your barista knows the milk is perfectly steamed when it seems to have the smooth, somewhat viscous texture of latex paint (without the taste, thank heaven). Milk with that look will have a rich, creamy sweetness. When it’s coupled with the sharper, complex flavor of the espresso in a drink, the result is a heavenly mixture enjoyed by millions of coffee drinkers around the world every day.\r\n<p class=\"article-tips remember\">Getting the right temperature for the milk is key. Between 120°F and 140°F (49°C to 60°C) is considered ideal. Although opinions vary widely about what this perfect temperature is, milk that’s too hot (154°F or 68°C) can result in an unpleasant taste.</p>\r\nAs to the temperature between lukewarm and scalding, I’ve always believed consumers know what they want. If you receive a beverage in a café that isn’t exactly what you want, it’s completely okay to ask for it be re-made. (Remember a little sweetness when asking goes a long way.) In fact, good baristas appreciate customers telling them the temperature they prefer when they order. It helps them make a perfect drink!\r\n\r\nEspresso and milk beverages are rarely served today without an added element of latte art. Keep in mind that the latte art pour is just a beautiful finishing touch. A great deal needs to happen before that final flair to ensure a high-quality, great-tasting beverage.\r\n<p class=\"article-tips tip\">If you make espresso at home and your drink recipe calls for dairy or an alternative, make sure you have the milk ready before you pull the necessary shots. You’ll want to use finished shots as soon as you make them.</p>","description":"According to coffee-loving Italians, you need four key elements for perfect espresso. Here they are:\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li><strong>Macchina: </strong>The <a href=\"//www.coursofppt.com/home-garden/coffee-maker-buying-guide/\">espresso machine</a></li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Macinazione:</strong> The proper grinding of the beans—a uniform grind between fine and powdery—that is ideally created moments before brewing the drink</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Miscela:</strong> The coffee blend and the roast</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Mano:</strong> The skilled hand of the barista; even with the finest beans and the most advanced equipment, the shot depends on the touch of the barista</li>\r\n</ul>\r\nIf all these elements come together in harmony, the result is an amazingly intense coffee experience, highlighted by a sweetness and richness that can’t be equaled.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab1\" >How to make espresso, step by step</h2>\r\nThe four 'M's are the foundation for making espresso. Whether you’re the barista at home, or you’re in the hands of a professional barista, envision these steps to see the four 'M's in action:\r\n<ol>\r\n \t<li><strong> Remove the portafilter from the group head and flush the group head. </strong>Removing the portafilter and running hot water through the group head starts it all off.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong> Wipe the basket clean and dry it. </strong>A bit of water and perhaps some older grounds need to be cleaned off in this step.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong> Dose and distribute the desired grams of coffee. </strong>The size of the measured grind particles is the first important variable. Getting your perfectly ground, measured dose of <a href=\"//www.coursofppt.com/food-drink/drinks/coffee-for-dummies-cheat-sheet/\">coffee</a> into the portafilter basket is generally a function of the grinder mechanism, but you can easily scoop it in as well.\r\n<p class=\"article-tips remember\">Next to particle size, the most important variable is the amount of coffee you use. Early baristas simply eyeballed or approximated how many grams would go into the portafilter basket, but today you can see specific basket sizes for single and double shots, and within those are baskets specific to gram weight so that the dose can be exact. Gram scale measurement of the dose is the rule today. A café or coffee shop will have a recipe—grams in the basket to grams in the liquid output. Here's my formula: 25 to 35ml (.85 to 1.2 ounces) of liquid for 7 to 9 grams of coffee grounds.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li><strong> Tamp consistently, ergonomically, and level. </strong>The barista uses the tamper tool to press down. Then they level the dose and do a bit of cleaning around it. The tamping step is crucial to compacting the coffee; the tamped coffee dose needs to be consistent and level so the water will flow evenly through the coffee.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_284586\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"556\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-284586\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/coffee-tamping.jpg\" alt=\"coffee tamping\" width=\"556\" height=\"371\" /> Tamping compacts the coffee.[/caption]\r\n<p class=\"article-tips warning\">This step is physically challenging for a beginner, because it takes a bit of muscle. When done incorrectly, it can leave your wrist exposed to injury. (That’s why doing it ergonomically is important.) Watch a skilled barista execute this step, and you’ll see them use their arm as a kind of piston, working from the shoulder and elbow, not the wrist.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li><strong> Clean the loose grounds from the portafilter surfaces.</strong></li>\r\n \t<li><strong> Insert the portafilter into the group head and start the pump immediately, as one continuous motion.\r\n</strong>\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_284585\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"556\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-284585\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/coffee-tamper-tool.jpg\" alt=\"A barista inserts the tamper tool.\" width=\"556\" height=\"371\" /> A barista inserts the tamper tool.[/caption]\r\n<p class=\"article-tips tip\">This moment of inserting and starting is often the most difficult for less experienced baristas, because they often engage the portafilter on the machine and then pause before they begin extraction. Precious seconds elapse, and the quality of the resulting shots is hurt by that delay because the group head is hot. You don’t want it to begin to heat the coffee, so the press the start button immediately to begin extraction.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li><strong> Observe the flow and stop the pump appropriately.</strong></li>\r\n \t<li><strong> Serve the espresso, or use it to make an espresso-based drink.</strong></li>\r\n \t<li><strong> Remove the portafilter and knock out the spent grounds.</strong></li>\r\n \t<li><strong> Wipe the basket clean and flush the group head; rinsing is optional.</strong></li>\r\n \t<li><strong> Return the portafilter to the group head to keep it preheated.</strong></li>\r\n</ol>\r\n<p class=\"article-tips remember\">Steps 1 to 5 tell how to place the coffee in the portafilter, and a barista can assess its potential almost immediately in Steps 6 and 7. If the shot liquid comes out fast, the grind is probably too coarse; if it is slow or does not begin at all, the grind is most likely too fine.</p>\r\n\r\n<h2 id=\"tab2\" >The perfect shot</h2>\r\n<p class=\"article-tips remember\">The breakdown of a perfect shot is well documented, and it should feature the following:</p>\r\n\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li><strong>Heart:</strong> The deep, dark liquid core</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Body:</strong> A golden brown liquid just above the heart that looks almost alive as it is pouring or streaming</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Crema:</strong> A lighter-golden creamy layer on top.</li>\r\n</ul>\r\nYou can see the breakdown here. You’re ready to enjoy this shot.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_284584\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"478\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-284584\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/coffee-espresso-shot.jpg\" alt=\"An espresso shot\" width=\"478\" height=\"600\" /> © John Wiley & Sons, Inc.<br />An espresso shot.[/caption]\r\n<h2 id=\"tab3\" >Adding milk or an alternative</h2>\r\nMany espresso recipes call for steamed milk or an alternative like soymilk or almond milk, also steamed. If your drink order requires milk, the barista has it nearby and ready to go. The barista steams the milk or milk alternative with a steaming pitcher to accomplish two tasks:\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_284583\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"556\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-284583\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/coffee-steaming-wand.jpg\" alt=\"barista steams the milk\" width=\"556\" height=\"371\" /> The barista steams the milk with the steaming wand.[/caption]\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li>To add air to the milk</li>\r\n \t<li>To heat the milk</li>\r\n</ul>\r\nAs the milk foams, it’s heating up, adding volume, becoming creamier, and getting sweeter. Your barista knows the milk is perfectly steamed when it seems to have the smooth, somewhat viscous texture of latex paint (without the taste, thank heaven). Milk with that look will have a rich, creamy sweetness. When it’s coupled with the sharper, complex flavor of the espresso in a drink, the result is a heavenly mixture enjoyed by millions of coffee drinkers around the world every day.\r\n<p class=\"article-tips remember\">Getting the right temperature for the milk is key. Between 120°F and 140°F (49°C to 60°C) is considered ideal. Although opinions vary widely about what this perfect temperature is, milk that’s too hot (154°F or 68°C) can result in an unpleasant taste.</p>\r\nAs to the temperature between lukewarm and scalding, I’ve always believed consumers know what they want. If you receive a beverage in a café that isn’t exactly what you want, it’s completely okay to ask for it be re-made. (Remember a little sweetness when asking goes a long way.) In fact, good baristas appreciate customers telling them the temperature they prefer when they order. It helps them make a perfect drink!\r\n\r\nEspresso and milk beverages are rarely served today without an added element of latte art. Keep in mind that the latte art pour is just a beautiful finishing touch. A great deal needs to happen before that final flair to ensure a high-quality, great-tasting beverage.\r\n<p class=\"article-tips tip\">If you make espresso at home and your drink recipe calls for dairy or an alternative, make sure you have the milk ready before you pull the necessary shots. You’ll want to use finished shots as soon as you make them.</p>","blurb":"","authors":[{"authorId":33507,"name":"Major Cohen","slug":"major-cohen","description":" <p><b>Major Cohen</b>, a certified Specialty Coffee Association (SCA) licensed trainer, recently retired from <i>Starbucks</i>. He is a passionate coffee guy who has a unique knack for making the complex and confusing coffee world easily understood. ","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/33507"}}],"primaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":34333,"title":"Coffee & Tea","slug":"coffee-tea","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/34333"}},"secondaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"tertiaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"trendingArticles":null,"inThisArticle":[{"label":"How to make espresso, step by step","target":"#tab1"},{"label":"The perfect shot","target":"#tab2"},{"label":"Adding milk or an alternative","target":"#tab3"}],"relatedArticles":{"fromBook":[],"fromCategory":[{"articleId":284602,"title":"Coffee Brewing Methods","slug":"coffee-brewing-methods","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","food-drink","coffee-tea"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/284602"}},{"articleId":284590,"title":"How to Order Coffee","slug":"how-to-order-coffee","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","food-drink","coffee-tea"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/284590"}},{"articleId":284559,"title":"Central America’s Influence on Coffee Production","slug":"central-americas-influence-on-coffee-production","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","food-drink","coffee-tea"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/284559"}},{"articleId":284549,"title":"The Life Cycle of Coffee: From Seed to Harvest","slug":"the-life-cycle-of-coffee-from-seed-to-harvest","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","food-drink","coffee-tea"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/284549"}},{"articleId":284544,"title":"Where Is Coffee Grown?","slug":"where-is-coffee-grown","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","food-drink","coffee-tea"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/284544"}}]},"hasRelatedBookFromSearch":false,"relatedBook":{"bookId":0,"slug":null,"isbn":null,"categoryList":null,"amazon":null,"image":null,"title":null,"testBankPinActivationLink":null,"bookOutOfPrint":false,"authorsInfo":null,"authors":null,"_links":null},"collections":[],"articleAds":{"footerAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;home-auto-hobbies&quot;,&quot;food-drink&quot;,&quot;coffee-tea&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[null]}]\" id=\"du-slot-63221adde267c\"></div></div>","rightAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_right_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_right_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;home-auto-hobbies&quot;,&quot;food-drink&quot;,&quot;coffee-tea&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[null]}]\" id=\"du-slot-63221adde2f0a\"></div></div>"},"articleType":{"articleType":"Articles","articleList":null,"content":null,"videoInfo":{"videoId":null,"name":null,"accountId":null,"playerId":null,"thumbnailUrl":null,"description":null,"uploadDate":null}},"sponsorship":{"sponsorshipPage":false,"backgroundImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"brandingLine":"","brandingLink":"","brandingLogo":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"sponsorAd":"","sponsorEbookTitle":"","sponsorEbookLink":"","sponsorEbookImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0}},"primaryLearningPath":"Explore","lifeExpectancy":"Two years","lifeExpectancySetFrom":"2022-04-30T00:00:00+00:00","dummiesForKids":"no","sponsoredContent":"no","adInfo":"","adPairKey":[]},"status":"publish","visibility":"public","articleId":284582},{"headers":{"creationTime":"2022-04-30T16:43:57+00:00","modifiedTime":"2022-04-30T16:43:57+00:00","timestamp":"2023-09-14T18:18:05+00:00"},"data":{"breadcrumbs":[{"name":"Home, Auto, & Hobbies","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33809"},"slug":"home-auto-hobbies","categoryId":33809},{"name":"Food & Drink","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33839"},"slug":"food-drink","categoryId":33839},{"name":"Coffee & Tea","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/34333"},"slug":"coffee-tea","categoryId":34333}],"title":"Central America’s Influence on Coffee Production","strippedTitle":"central america’s influence on coffee production","slug":"central-americas-influence-on-coffee-production","canonicalUrl":"","关注座舱改善":{"metaDescription":"Take a look at Central American coffee: The range of coffee flavors that these countries deliver is astonishing.","noIndex":0,"noFollow":0},"content":"One thing is clear about Central American coffee: The range of coffee flavors from these countries is astonishing, from intense sweetness and bright acidity to juicy fruitiness and chocolatey richness. Here is a closer look at these coffee juggernauts.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab1\" >Costa Rica</h2>\r\n<a href=\"//www.coursofppt.com/food-drink/drinks/coffee-for-dummies-cheat-sheet/\">Coffee</a> has been grown in Costa Rica since 1779. With a significant amount of ideal volcanic, mountainous terrain, and a superb climate for coffee production, coffee flourished, and it took only 50 years for coffee exports to eclipse exports of cacao, tobacco, and sugar.\r\n\r\nThe best known regional names to watch for include the following:\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li>The West Central Valley, where Naranjo is often highlighted</li>\r\n \t<li>The Los Santos region, where Terrazu coffees are grown</li>\r\n \t<li>The East Central Valley, Tres Rios region, where two distinct seasons and the Irazu volcanic soil nurture noteworthy coffees</li>\r\n</ul>\r\nAll three regions have established reputations for consistent, high-quality coffees featuring superb acidity, body, and flavor.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_284567\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"556\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-284567\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/coffee-costa-rica.jpg\" alt=\"Coffee-growing regions in Costa Rica.\" width=\"556\" height=\"356\" /> © John Wiley & Sons, Inc.<br />Coffee-growing regions in Costa Rica.[/caption]\r\n\r\nCoffee’s history in Costa Rica spans 200 years. The country is a leader in environmentally sustainable coffee production. An increasing number of small wet mills do end-to-end production, from growing, picking, processing, and drying to bagging. That, along with mandated government oversight of water usage and water waste, has given Costa Rica the edge over many of the world’s coffee producers seeking sustainability.\r\n\r\nCosta Rican coffees are often called sweet, clean, and sometimes a bit nutty.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab2\" >El Salvador</h2>\r\nCoffee production in El Salvador began in the 1850s. As the government supported the growth of the industry, El Salvador was the world’s fourth-largest producer by 1880 with three predominant growing regions: Apaneca-Ilamatepec to the west, Altotepec in central, and Tecapa-Chinameca to the east.\r\n\r\nUnfortunately, the 1980 civil war rocked roughly 100 years of stability in production and devastated the country’s coffee-growing business. This strife also impacted technological development, keeping El Salvador producers from planting high-yield varieties as opposed to heirloom varieties.\r\n\r\nToday, coffee drinkers are the beneficiaries because El Salvador producers are delivering heirloom coffees that are incredibly complex, super sweet, and quite tasty. The Apaneca-Ilamatepec region continues to be a steady coffee-producing region.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_284566\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"556\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-284566\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/coffee-apaneca-ilamatepec.jpg\" alt=\"The Apaneca-Ilamatepec region in El Salvador\" width=\"556\" height=\"399\" /> © John Wiley & Sons, Inc.<br />The Apaneca-Ilamatepec region in El Salvador.[/caption]\r\n\r\nWashed processing is the most common method in El Salvador, although, as is true for its coffee-producing neighbors, many producers are experimenting.\r\n<p class=\"article-tips tech\">Carlos and Julie Batres are renowned, fifth-generation stewards of Montecarlos, a prized coffee estate in Apaneca. The beautiful farm is situated on a volcano that provides rich soil and dynamic topography for growing world-class coffees. <a href=\"//www.montecarlosestate.com/\">Montecarlos</a> was the first estate in the world to develop and plant the Pacamara coffee variety.</p>\r\n\r\n<h2 id=\"tab3\" >Guatemala</h2>\r\nAn amazing diversity of climate and culture makes Guatemala unique among its neighboring countries. Coffee production can be traced to the 1750s but didn’t really begin to gain importance as a cash crop until the mid-1800s.\r\n\r\nPeriodic government instability and internal turmoil impacted production throughout the 1900s. Despite those issues, Guatemala rose into the top 10 of coffee producers in the world and remains there today.\r\n\r\nMountainous volcanic terrain across the southern third of Guatemala hosts several well-known regions including:\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li>Acatenango</li>\r\n \t<li>Antigua, the best known</li>\r\n \t<li>Atitlan</li>\r\n \t<li>Cobán</li>\r\n \t<li>Huehuetenango</li>\r\n \t<li>San Marcos</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_284565\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"556\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-284565\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/coffee-guatemala.jpg\" alt=\"Coffee-growing regions in Guatemala\" width=\"556\" height=\"379\" /> © John Wiley & Sons, Inc.<br />Coffee-growing regions in Guatemala.[/caption]\r\n\r\nHarvesting begins in December and can last until March. Washed processing is the most common method.\r\n\r\nCoffees from Guatemala are known for their diversity of taste profiles. They’re often described broadly as elegant and more specifically as chocolatey, nutty, sweet, cocoa-like as well as bright, rich, creamy, and complex. Guatemalan coffees exhibit a balance of acidity and body, which make them a favorite choice of many.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab4\" >Honduras</h2>\r\nThe recent success of Honduran coffee producers has been striking because it got a late start. It began significant production in the late 1800s, much later than its neighboring Central American countries.\r\n\r\nToday Honduras is among the leading Central American coffee-producing countries. More and more growers and processors are recognizing the value of bringing better coffee to market.\r\n\r\nNotable growing regions across the mountainous central and southern part of the country are\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li>Agalta</li>\r\n \t<li>Comayagua</li>\r\n \t<li>Copán</li>\r\n \t<li>Montecillos</li>\r\n \t<li>Opalca</li>\r\n \t<li>El Paraíso</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_284564\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"556\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-284564\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/coffee-honduras.jpg\" alt=\"Coffee-growing areas in Honduras\" width=\"556\" height=\"348\" /> © John Wiley & Sons, Inc.<br />Coffee-growing areas in Honduras.[/caption]\r\n\r\nHonduran coffees have a wide variety of taste characteristics; among the most memorable are varied levels of fruitiness and pronounced acidity. Washed processing and drying incorporating both sun and mechanical dryer are the most common methods.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab5\" >Mexico</h2>\r\nCoffee growing began in Mexico in the late 1700s, but it wasn’t until the 1920s and the end of the Mexican Revolution that production began in earnest. Infrastructure development and the establishment of the Mexican Coffee Institute in 1973 set the stage for advancement, but political turmoil stifled real progress.\r\n\r\nSmall collectives of growers dominate the business in Mexico today. Although the country isn’t a large producer, many coffees being exported from Mexico receive high praise for their quality and consistency.\r\n\r\nThree Mexican states most known for their coffee output are\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li>Chiapas</li>\r\n \t<li>Oaxaca</li>\r\n \t<li>Veracruz</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_284563\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"556\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-284563\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/coffee-mexico.jpg\" alt=\"Coffee-growing regions in Mexico\" width=\"556\" height=\"331\" /> © John Wiley & Sons, Inc.<br />Coffee-growing regions in Mexico.[/caption]\r\n\r\nWashed coffee processing dominates in Mexico, and the output is known for incredible diversity. Mexican coffees exhibit a wonderfully wide range of taste characteristics from delicate, light-bodied, and sweet to sometimes more earthy and a bit spicy.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab6\" >Nicaragua</h2>\r\nCoffee growing began in Nicaragua in 1790 but didn’t become a significant revenue-producing export until the 1840s. In the more than a century since then, Nicaragua coffee production has become crucial to the country’s economy; coffee is now Nicaragua’s primary export. More than 200,000 jobs and more than 40,000 farmers depend on coffee for their livelihoods.\r\n\r\nLike neighboring countries, Nicaragua’s industry has been hurt by decades of political unrest and instability, civil wars, and natural disasters.\r\n\r\nWashed-coffee processing dominates in the key coffee-growing regions whose departments and cities include:\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li>Estelí</li>\r\n \t<li>Jinotega</li>\r\n \t<li>Madriz</li>\r\n \t<li>Matagalpa</li>\r\n \t<li>Nueva Segovia</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_284561\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"556\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-284561\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/coffee-nicaragua.jpg\" alt=\"Coffee-growing regions in Nicaragua\" width=\"556\" height=\"439\" /> © John Wiley & Sons, Inc.<br />Coffee-growing regions in Nicaragua.[/caption]\r\n\r\nNicaraguan coffees deliver a wide range in tastes from sweetness and complexity to mild acidity and fruitiness. The past decade has seen a big increase in quality.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab7\" >Panama</h2>\r\nEuropean immigrants brought coffee to Panama when they settled in the late 19th century. Despite its location between two respected exporting countries—Costa Rica to the west and north and Colombia to the south and east—compared to its neighbors, Panama isn’t a significant producer of any quantities of coffee.\r\n\r\nThe most well-known growing regions in Panama are:\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li>Boquete in Chiriqui</li>\r\n \t<li>Renacimiento</li>\r\n \t<li>Volcán in Chiriqui</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_284560\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"556\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-284560\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/coffee-panama.jpg\" alt=\"Coffee-growing regions in Panama.\" width=\"556\" height=\"371\" /> © John Wiley & Sons, Inc.<br />Coffee-growing regions in Panama.[/caption]\r\n\r\nCoffees from Panama are processed predominantly using the washed-process method. The coffee is commonly described as light, pleasant, sweet, and a bit floral or citrusy. First-time tasters are often struck with a sense of never having tasted such delicious coffee.","description":"One thing is clear about Central American coffee: The range of coffee flavors from these countries is astonishing, from intense sweetness and bright acidity to juicy fruitiness and chocolatey richness. Here is a closer look at these coffee juggernauts.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab1\" >Costa Rica</h2>\r\n<a href=\"//www.coursofppt.com/food-drink/drinks/coffee-for-dummies-cheat-sheet/\">Coffee</a> has been grown in Costa Rica since 1779. With a significant amount of ideal volcanic, mountainous terrain, and a superb climate for coffee production, coffee flourished, and it took only 50 years for coffee exports to eclipse exports of cacao, tobacco, and sugar.\r\n\r\nThe best known regional names to watch for include the following:\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li>The West Central Valley, where Naranjo is often highlighted</li>\r\n \t<li>The Los Santos region, where Terrazu coffees are grown</li>\r\n \t<li>The East Central Valley, Tres Rios region, where two distinct seasons and the Irazu volcanic soil nurture noteworthy coffees</li>\r\n</ul>\r\nAll three regions have established reputations for consistent, high-quality coffees featuring superb acidity, body, and flavor.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_284567\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"556\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-284567\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/coffee-costa-rica.jpg\" alt=\"Coffee-growing regions in Costa Rica.\" width=\"556\" height=\"356\" /> © John Wiley & Sons, Inc.<br />Coffee-growing regions in Costa Rica.[/caption]\r\n\r\nCoffee’s history in Costa Rica spans 200 years. The country is a leader in environmentally sustainable coffee production. An increasing number of small wet mills do end-to-end production, from growing, picking, processing, and drying to bagging. That, along with mandated government oversight of water usage and water waste, has given Costa Rica the edge over many of the world’s coffee producers seeking sustainability.\r\n\r\nCosta Rican coffees are often called sweet, clean, and sometimes a bit nutty.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab2\" >El Salvador</h2>\r\nCoffee production in El Salvador began in the 1850s. As the government supported the growth of the industry, El Salvador was the world’s fourth-largest producer by 1880 with three predominant growing regions: Apaneca-Ilamatepec to the west, Altotepec in central, and Tecapa-Chinameca to the east.\r\n\r\nUnfortunately, the 1980 civil war rocked roughly 100 years of stability in production and devastated the country’s coffee-growing business. This strife also impacted technological development, keeping El Salvador producers from planting high-yield varieties as opposed to heirloom varieties.\r\n\r\nToday, coffee drinkers are the beneficiaries because El Salvador producers are delivering heirloom coffees that are incredibly complex, super sweet, and quite tasty. The Apaneca-Ilamatepec region continues to be a steady coffee-producing region.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_284566\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"556\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-284566\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/coffee-apaneca-ilamatepec.jpg\" alt=\"The Apaneca-Ilamatepec region in El Salvador\" width=\"556\" height=\"399\" /> © John Wiley & Sons, Inc.<br />The Apaneca-Ilamatepec region in El Salvador.[/caption]\r\n\r\nWashed processing is the most common method in El Salvador, although, as is true for its coffee-producing neighbors, many producers are experimenting.\r\n<p class=\"article-tips tech\">Carlos and Julie Batres are renowned, fifth-generation stewards of Montecarlos, a prized coffee estate in Apaneca. The beautiful farm is situated on a volcano that provides rich soil and dynamic topography for growing world-class coffees. <a href=\"//www.montecarlosestate.com/\">Montecarlos</a> was the first estate in the world to develop and plant the Pacamara coffee variety.</p>\r\n\r\n<h2 id=\"tab3\" >Guatemala</h2>\r\nAn amazing diversity of climate and culture makes Guatemala unique among its neighboring countries. Coffee production can be traced to the 1750s but didn’t really begin to gain importance as a cash crop until the mid-1800s.\r\n\r\nPeriodic government instability and internal turmoil impacted production throughout the 1900s. Despite those issues, Guatemala rose into the top 10 of coffee producers in the world and remains there today.\r\n\r\nMountainous volcanic terrain across the southern third of Guatemala hosts several well-known regions including:\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li>Acatenango</li>\r\n \t<li>Antigua, the best known</li>\r\n \t<li>Atitlan</li>\r\n \t<li>Cobán</li>\r\n \t<li>Huehuetenango</li>\r\n \t<li>San Marcos</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_284565\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"556\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-284565\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/coffee-guatemala.jpg\" alt=\"Coffee-growing regions in Guatemala\" width=\"556\" height=\"379\" /> © John Wiley & Sons, Inc.<br />Coffee-growing regions in Guatemala.[/caption]\r\n\r\nHarvesting begins in December and can last until March. Washed processing is the most common method.\r\n\r\nCoffees from Guatemala are known for their diversity of taste profiles. They’re often described broadly as elegant and more specifically as chocolatey, nutty, sweet, cocoa-like as well as bright, rich, creamy, and complex. Guatemalan coffees exhibit a balance of acidity and body, which make them a favorite choice of many.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab4\" >Honduras</h2>\r\nThe recent success of Honduran coffee producers has been striking because it got a late start. It began significant production in the late 1800s, much later than its neighboring Central American countries.\r\n\r\nToday Honduras is among the leading Central American coffee-producing countries. More and more growers and processors are recognizing the value of bringing better coffee to market.\r\n\r\nNotable growing regions across the mountainous central and southern part of the country are\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li>Agalta</li>\r\n \t<li>Comayagua</li>\r\n \t<li>Copán</li>\r\n \t<li>Montecillos</li>\r\n \t<li>Opalca</li>\r\n \t<li>El Paraíso</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_284564\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"556\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-284564\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/coffee-honduras.jpg\" alt=\"Coffee-growing areas in Honduras\" width=\"556\" height=\"348\" /> © John Wiley & Sons, Inc.<br />Coffee-growing areas in Honduras.[/caption]\r\n\r\nHonduran coffees have a wide variety of taste characteristics; among the most memorable are varied levels of fruitiness and pronounced acidity. Washed processing and drying incorporating both sun and mechanical dryer are the most common methods.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab5\" >Mexico</h2>\r\nCoffee growing began in Mexico in the late 1700s, but it wasn’t until the 1920s and the end of the Mexican Revolution that production began in earnest. Infrastructure development and the establishment of the Mexican Coffee Institute in 1973 set the stage for advancement, but political turmoil stifled real progress.\r\n\r\nSmall collectives of growers dominate the business in Mexico today. Although the country isn’t a large producer, many coffees being exported from Mexico receive high praise for their quality and consistency.\r\n\r\nThree Mexican states most known for their coffee output are\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li>Chiapas</li>\r\n \t<li>Oaxaca</li>\r\n \t<li>Veracruz</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_284563\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"556\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-284563\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/coffee-mexico.jpg\" alt=\"Coffee-growing regions in Mexico\" width=\"556\" height=\"331\" /> © John Wiley & Sons, Inc.<br />Coffee-growing regions in Mexico.[/caption]\r\n\r\nWashed coffee processing dominates in Mexico, and the output is known for incredible diversity. Mexican coffees exhibit a wonderfully wide range of taste characteristics from delicate, light-bodied, and sweet to sometimes more earthy and a bit spicy.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab6\" >Nicaragua</h2>\r\nCoffee growing began in Nicaragua in 1790 but didn’t become a significant revenue-producing export until the 1840s. In the more than a century since then, Nicaragua coffee production has become crucial to the country’s economy; coffee is now Nicaragua’s primary export. More than 200,000 jobs and more than 40,000 farmers depend on coffee for their livelihoods.\r\n\r\nLike neighboring countries, Nicaragua’s industry has been hurt by decades of political unrest and instability, civil wars, and natural disasters.\r\n\r\nWashed-coffee processing dominates in the key coffee-growing regions whose departments and cities include:\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li>Estelí</li>\r\n \t<li>Jinotega</li>\r\n \t<li>Madriz</li>\r\n \t<li>Matagalpa</li>\r\n \t<li>Nueva Segovia</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_284561\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"556\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-284561\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/coffee-nicaragua.jpg\" alt=\"Coffee-growing regions in Nicaragua\" width=\"556\" height=\"439\" /> © John Wiley & Sons, Inc.<br />Coffee-growing regions in Nicaragua.[/caption]\r\n\r\nNicaraguan coffees deliver a wide range in tastes from sweetness and complexity to mild acidity and fruitiness. The past decade has seen a big increase in quality.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab7\" >Panama</h2>\r\nEuropean immigrants brought coffee to Panama when they settled in the late 19th century. Despite its location between two respected exporting countries—Costa Rica to the west and north and Colombia to the south and east—compared to its neighbors, Panama isn’t a significant producer of any quantities of coffee.\r\n\r\nThe most well-known growing regions in Panama are:\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li>Boquete in Chiriqui</li>\r\n \t<li>Renacimiento</li>\r\n \t<li>Volcán in Chiriqui</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_284560\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"556\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-284560\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/coffee-panama.jpg\" alt=\"Coffee-growing regions in Panama.\" width=\"556\" height=\"371\" /> © John Wiley & Sons, Inc.<br />Coffee-growing regions in Panama.[/caption]\r\n\r\nCoffees from Panama are processed predominantly using the washed-process method. The coffee is commonly described as light, pleasant, sweet, and a bit floral or citrusy. First-time tasters are often struck with a sense of never having tasted such delicious coffee.","blurb":"","authors":[{"authorId":33507,"name":"Major Cohen","slug":"major-cohen","description":" <p><b>Major Cohen</b>, a certified Specialty Coffee Association (SCA) licensed trainer, recently retired from <i>Starbucks</i>. He is a passionate coffee guy who has a unique knack for making the complex and confusing coffee world easily understood. ","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/33507"}}],"primaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":34333,"title":"Coffee & Tea","slug":"coffee-tea","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/34333"}},"secondaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"tertiaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"trendingArticles":null,"inThisArticle":[{"label":"Costa Rica","target":"#tab1"},{"label":"El Salvador","target":"#tab2"},{"label":"Guatemala","target":"#tab3"},{"label":"Honduras","target":"#tab4"},{"label":"Mexico","target":"#tab5"},{"label":"Nicaragua","target":"#tab6"},{"label":"Panama","target":"#tab7"}],"relatedArticles":{"fromBook":[],"fromCategory":[{"articleId":284602,"title":"Coffee Brewing Methods","slug":"coffee-brewing-methods","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","food-drink","coffee-tea"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/284602"}},{"articleId":284590,"title":"How to Order Coffee","slug":"how-to-order-coffee","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","food-drink","coffee-tea"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/284590"}},{"articleId":284582,"title":"Making the Perfect Espresso—The Four 'M's","slug":"making-the-perfect-espresso-the-four-ms","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","food-drink","coffee-tea"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/284582"}},{"articleId":284549,"title":"The Life Cycle of Coffee: From Seed to Harvest","slug":"the-life-cycle-of-coffee-from-seed-to-harvest","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","food-drink","coffee-tea"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/284549"}},{"articleId":284544,"title":"Where Is Coffee Grown?","slug":"where-is-coffee-grown","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","food-drink","coffee-tea"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/284544"}}]},"hasRelatedBookFromSearch":false,"relatedBook":{"bookId":0,"slug":null,"isbn":null,"categoryList":null,"amazon":null,"image":null,"title":null,"testBankPinActivationLink":null,"bookOutOfPrint":false,"authorsInfo":null,"authors":null,"_links":null},"collections":[],"articleAds":{"footerAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;home-auto-hobbies&quot;,&quot;food-drink&quot;,&quot;coffee-tea&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[null]}]\" id=\"du-slot-63221add9dd79\"></div></div>","rightAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_right_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_right_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;home-auto-hobbies&quot;,&quot;food-drink&quot;,&quot;coffee-tea&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[null]}]\" id=\"du-slot-63221add9e5d5\"></div></div>"},"articleType":{"articleType":"Articles","articleList":null,"content":null,"videoInfo":{"videoId":null,"name":null,"accountId":null,"playerId":null,"thumbnailUrl":null,"description":null,"uploadDate":null}},"sponsorship":{"sponsorshipPage":false,"backgroundImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"brandingLine":"","brandingLink":"","brandingLogo":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"sponsorAd":"","sponsorEbookTitle":"","sponsorEbookLink":"","sponsorEbookImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0}},"primaryLearningPath":"Explore","lifeExpectancy":"Two years","lifeExpectancySetFrom":"2022-04-30T00:00:00+00:00","dummiesForKids":"no","sponsoredContent":"no","adInfo":"","adPairKey":[]},"status":"publish","visibility":"public","articleId":284559},{"headers":{"creationTime":"2022-04-30T16:00:41+00:00","modifiedTime":"2022-04-30T16:01:38+00:00","timestamp":"2023-09-14T18:18:05+00:00"},"data":{"breadcrumbs":[{"name":"Home, Auto, & Hobbies","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33809"},"slug":"home-auto-hobbies","categoryId":33809},{"name":"Food & Drink","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33839"},"slug":"food-drink","categoryId":33839},{"name":"Coffee & Tea","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/34333"},"slug":"coffee-tea","categoryId":34333}],"title":"The Life Cycle of Coffee: From Seed to Harvest","strippedTitle":"the life cycle of coffee: from seed to harvest","slug":"the-life-cycle-of-coffee-from-seed-to-harvest","canonicalUrl":"","关注座舱改善":{"metaDescription":"Follow the life cycle of coffee plants, from seedling to white, jasmine-scented flowers to bud to cherry to harvest.","noIndex":0,"noFollow":0},"content":"The terrain where coffee trees grow is often hilly, remote, and at a high elevation. Let's look at the life cycle and farming of coffee.\r\n\r\n<a href=\"//www.coursofppt.com/food-drink/drinks/coffee-for-dummies-cheat-sheet/\">Coffee</a> production is remarkably consistent from season to season. World coffee production for 2019–2020 was approximately 171 million bags. <em>Bags </em>are the unit of measure the industry uses. Each bag is 132 pounds (60 kilograms), so 171 million bags equals roughly 22 billion pounds.\r\n\r\nFrom left to right, this figure shows the stages a coffee fruit, called a <em>cherry,</em> goes through from seedling to a ripe cherry. Let's look more closely at how the plant grows.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_284556\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"556\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-284556\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/coffee-seedling-cherry.jpg\" alt=\"Coffee seedling-flower-cherry\" width=\"556\" height=\"125\" /> Photo by Major Cohen<br />Seedling-flower-cherry.[/caption]\r\n<h2 id=\"tab1\" >Flowers appear on coffee tree branches</h2>\r\nThe flowers appear on coffee tree branches once a year, just after the first heavy rainy season. The flowers are jasmine-scented and a striking white color. After a few days the flowers fall off the branch, leaving a single node from which the fruit, a coffee cherry, will form.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_284554\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"393\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-284554\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/coffee-flowers.jpg\" alt=\"A coffee tree branch with flowers.\" width=\"393\" height=\"600\" /> Photo by Major Cohen<br />A coffee tree branch with flowers.[/caption]\r\n<h2 id=\"tab2\" >The flowers develop into a cherry</h2>\r\nAbout seven months later, the flowers develop into a fruit, a cherry.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_284553\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"556\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-284553\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/coffee-flower-cherry.jpg\" alt=\"different shades of a coffee cherry\" width=\"556\" height=\"149\" /> Photo by Mauro Madrigal<br />From left, a coffee tree flower and the different shades of a coffee cherry until fully ripe.[/caption]\r\n<p class=\"article-tips remember\">Two beans are inside that cherry—except in the rare case when only one bean develops. These rare beans are called peaberries. A <em>peaberry</em>, which gets the name because its smaller, rounder shape looks like a pea, appears in 3 to 5 percent of all coffee. These unusual-shaped beans are often mixed in with all the other beans. You can sometimes sort through a bag of coffee you've bought and find them.</p>\r\nSometimes, roasters hand-sort them in the green, unroasted stage and sell the result as peaberry coffee. But beyond the extraordinary work of hand-sorting them, there is little difference between normal and peaberry coffee once it's roasted and brewed.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab3\" >A team of pickers pick the cherries</h2>\r\nThe cherries are picked, usually by teams of pickers who have been sent into particular areas on a farm with abundant ripe cherries. Coffee picking begins at the peak of ripeness, but not all fruit on a branch ripens at the same time (as the figure shows). Experienced pickers visually identify and pick the ripe cherries. Like all ripe fruit, the cherry is at its sweetest because the sugars inside are at their highest levels. The pickers leave the less ripe on the branch to be picked later.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_284552\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"556\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-284552\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/coffee-cherries-ripening.jpg\" alt=\"Coffee cherries ripen at different times.\" width=\"556\" height=\"350\" /> Photo by Major Cohen<br />The cherries on the branch ripen at different times.[/caption]\r\n<p class=\"article-tips remember\">As soon as the cherry is twisted from the branch, the window of vulnerability begins. That means the longer the cherry sits in a basket or a pile, generally in a warm climate, the shorter it stays fresh. After all, coffee cherry is a fruit, so the goal is to keep it as fresh as possible for as long as possible.</p>\r\nAdd in the seasonal differences within the Coffee Belt, and you end up having coffee being picked in almost every month somewhere in the world. It also means the period when the coffee is being picked is longer than one month. This table breaks down when and where coffee is picked.\r\n<table><caption><strong>Coffee’s Harvesting Calendar</strong></caption>\r\n<tbody>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td width=\"129\"><strong>Month</strong></td>\r\n<td width=\"129\"><strong>Central and South America and Caribbean</strong></td>\r\n<td width=\"129\"><strong>Asia Pacific</strong></td>\r\n<td width=\"129\"><strong>Africa</strong></td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td width=\"129\">October</td>\r\n<td width=\"129\"></td>\r\n<td width=\"129\">Indonesia: Northern Sumatra</td>\r\n<td width=\"129\">Northern DR Congo</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td width=\"129\">November</td>\r\n<td width=\"129\">Colombia Jamaica</td>\r\n<td width=\"129\">Indonesia\r\nYemen</td>\r\n<td width=\"129\">Ethiopia\r\nKenya\r\nUganda</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td width=\"129\">December</td>\r\n<td width=\"129\">Costa Rica\r\nJamaica\r\nMexico\r\nNicaragua</td>\r\n<td width=\"129\">China\r\nPapua New Guinea\r\nVietnam</td>\r\n<td width=\"129\">Ethiopia\r\nUganda</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td width=\"129\">January</td>\r\n<td width=\"129\">Costa Rica\r\nEl Salvador\r\nGuatemala\r\nMexico\r\nNicaragua\r\nPanama</td>\r\n<td width=\"129\">China</td>\r\n<td width=\"129\"></td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td width=\"129\">February</td>\r\n<td width=\"129\">El Salvador\r\nGuatemala\r\nPanama</td>\r\n<td width=\"129\"></td>\r\n<td width=\"129\"></td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td width=\"129\">March</td>\r\n<td width=\"129\"></td>\r\n<td width=\"129\"></td>\r\n<td width=\"129\"></td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td width=\"129\">April</td>\r\n<td width=\"129\">Northern Colombia</td>\r\n<td width=\"129\">Indonesia: Northern Sumatra</td>\r\n<td width=\"129\">Southern DR Congo</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td width=\"129\">May</td>\r\n<td width=\"129\">Ecuador</td>\r\n<td width=\"129\">Papua New Guinea</td>\r\n<td width=\"129\">Southern DR Congo\r\nRwanda</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td width=\"129\">June</td>\r\n<td width=\"129\">Southern Brazil\r\nColombia\r\nEcuador\r\nCentral Peru</td>\r\n<td width=\"129\">Papua New Guinea</td>\r\n<td width=\"129\">Rwanda</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td width=\"129\">July</td>\r\n<td width=\"129\">Brazil\r\nCentral Peru</td>\r\n<td width=\"129\"></td>\r\n<td width=\"129\"></td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td width=\"129\">August</td>\r\n<td width=\"129\">Northern Peru</td>\r\n<td width=\"129\"></td>\r\n<td width=\"129\">Tanzania</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td width=\"129\">September</td>\r\n<td width=\"129\">Northern Peru</td>\r\n<td width=\"129\"></td>\r\n<td width=\"129\">Southern DR Congo\r\nEthiopia\r\nTanzania\r\nUganda</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n</tbody>\r\n</table>\r\n<h2 id=\"tab4\" >The pickers hand-sort the picked cherries</h2>\r\nToward the end of the day, the pickers usually hand-sort the picked cherries to prepare them to be transported to the mill and processed.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_284551\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"398\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-284551\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/coffee-hand-sort.jpg\" alt=\"Workers hand sort coffee cherries.\" width=\"398\" height=\"600\" /> Photo by Major Cohen<br />Workers in Costa Rica hand sort the cherries for processing.[/caption]\r\n\r\nThe cherries are then transported to processing. The way the cherries get to processing varies greatly; it could be by ox-drawn wagon, on a motorbike or bicycle, or on foot.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_284550\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"450\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-284550\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/coffee-oxcart.jpg\" alt=\"An oxcart in Costa Rica takes coffee cherries to the mill\" width=\"450\" height=\"600\" /> Photo by Major Cohen<br />An oxcart in Costa Rica takes cherries to the mill.[/caption]\r\n<h2 id=\"tab5\" >A mill processes the cherries</h2>\r\nThe freshly picked coffee cherries need to be processed within hours for coffee to be fresh.\r\n\r\nProcessing involves removing the outer layers of skin. Removing the layers turns the cherry, the fruit, into the bean, the foundation of a great beverage.\r\n\r\n ","description":"The terrain where coffee trees grow is often hilly, remote, and at a high elevation. Let's look at the life cycle and farming of coffee.\r\n\r\n<a href=\"//www.coursofppt.com/food-drink/drinks/coffee-for-dummies-cheat-sheet/\">Coffee</a> production is remarkably consistent from season to season. World coffee production for 2019–2020 was approximately 171 million bags. <em>Bags </em>are the unit of measure the industry uses. Each bag is 132 pounds (60 kilograms), so 171 million bags equals roughly 22 billion pounds.\r\n\r\nFrom left to right, this figure shows the stages a coffee fruit, called a <em>cherry,</em> goes through from seedling to a ripe cherry. Let's look more closely at how the plant grows.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_284556\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"556\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-284556\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/coffee-seedling-cherry.jpg\" alt=\"Coffee seedling-flower-cherry\" width=\"556\" height=\"125\" /> Photo by Major Cohen<br />Seedling-flower-cherry.[/caption]\r\n<h2 id=\"tab1\" >Flowers appear on coffee tree branches</h2>\r\nThe flowers appear on coffee tree branches once a year, just after the first heavy rainy season. The flowers are jasmine-scented and a striking white color. After a few days the flowers fall off the branch, leaving a single node from which the fruit, a coffee cherry, will form.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_284554\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"393\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-284554\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/coffee-flowers.jpg\" alt=\"A coffee tree branch with flowers.\" width=\"393\" height=\"600\" /> Photo by Major Cohen<br />A coffee tree branch with flowers.[/caption]\r\n<h2 id=\"tab2\" >The flowers develop into a cherry</h2>\r\nAbout seven months later, the flowers develop into a fruit, a cherry.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_284553\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"556\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-284553\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/coffee-flower-cherry.jpg\" alt=\"different shades of a coffee cherry\" width=\"556\" height=\"149\" /> Photo by Mauro Madrigal<br />From left, a coffee tree flower and the different shades of a coffee cherry until fully ripe.[/caption]\r\n<p class=\"article-tips remember\">Two beans are inside that cherry—except in the rare case when only one bean develops. These rare beans are called peaberries. A <em>peaberry</em>, which gets the name because its smaller, rounder shape looks like a pea, appears in 3 to 5 percent of all coffee. These unusual-shaped beans are often mixed in with all the other beans. You can sometimes sort through a bag of coffee you've bought and find them.</p>\r\nSometimes, roasters hand-sort them in the green, unroasted stage and sell the result as peaberry coffee. But beyond the extraordinary work of hand-sorting them, there is little difference between normal and peaberry coffee once it's roasted and brewed.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab3\" >A team of pickers pick the cherries</h2>\r\nThe cherries are picked, usually by teams of pickers who have been sent into particular areas on a farm with abundant ripe cherries. Coffee picking begins at the peak of ripeness, but not all fruit on a branch ripens at the same time (as the figure shows). Experienced pickers visually identify and pick the ripe cherries. Like all ripe fruit, the cherry is at its sweetest because the sugars inside are at their highest levels. The pickers leave the less ripe on the branch to be picked later.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_284552\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"556\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-284552\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/coffee-cherries-ripening.jpg\" alt=\"Coffee cherries ripen at different times.\" width=\"556\" height=\"350\" /> Photo by Major Cohen<br />The cherries on the branch ripen at different times.[/caption]\r\n<p class=\"article-tips remember\">As soon as the cherry is twisted from the branch, the window of vulnerability begins. That means the longer the cherry sits in a basket or a pile, generally in a warm climate, the shorter it stays fresh. After all, coffee cherry is a fruit, so the goal is to keep it as fresh as possible for as long as possible.</p>\r\nAdd in the seasonal differences within the Coffee Belt, and you end up having coffee being picked in almost every month somewhere in the world. It also means the period when the coffee is being picked is longer than one month. This table breaks down when and where coffee is picked.\r\n<table><caption><strong>Coffee’s Harvesting Calendar</strong></caption>\r\n<tbody>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td width=\"129\"><strong>Month</strong></td>\r\n<td width=\"129\"><strong>Central and South America and Caribbean</strong></td>\r\n<td width=\"129\"><strong>Asia Pacific</strong></td>\r\n<td width=\"129\"><strong>Africa</strong></td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td width=\"129\">October</td>\r\n<td width=\"129\"></td>\r\n<td width=\"129\">Indonesia: Northern Sumatra</td>\r\n<td width=\"129\">Northern DR Congo</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td width=\"129\">November</td>\r\n<td width=\"129\">Colombia Jamaica</td>\r\n<td width=\"129\">Indonesia\r\nYemen</td>\r\n<td width=\"129\">Ethiopia\r\nKenya\r\nUganda</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td width=\"129\">December</td>\r\n<td width=\"129\">Costa Rica\r\nJamaica\r\nMexico\r\nNicaragua</td>\r\n<td width=\"129\">China\r\nPapua New Guinea\r\nVietnam</td>\r\n<td width=\"129\">Ethiopia\r\nUganda</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td width=\"129\">January</td>\r\n<td width=\"129\">Costa Rica\r\nEl Salvador\r\nGuatemala\r\nMexico\r\nNicaragua\r\nPanama</td>\r\n<td width=\"129\">China</td>\r\n<td width=\"129\"></td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td width=\"129\">February</td>\r\n<td width=\"129\">El Salvador\r\nGuatemala\r\nPanama</td>\r\n<td width=\"129\"></td>\r\n<td width=\"129\"></td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td width=\"129\">March</td>\r\n<td width=\"129\"></td>\r\n<td width=\"129\"></td>\r\n<td width=\"129\"></td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td width=\"129\">April</td>\r\n<td width=\"129\">Northern Colombia</td>\r\n<td width=\"129\">Indonesia: Northern Sumatra</td>\r\n<td width=\"129\">Southern DR Congo</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td width=\"129\">May</td>\r\n<td width=\"129\">Ecuador</td>\r\n<td width=\"129\">Papua New Guinea</td>\r\n<td width=\"129\">Southern DR Congo\r\nRwanda</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td width=\"129\">June</td>\r\n<td width=\"129\">Southern Brazil\r\nColombia\r\nEcuador\r\nCentral Peru</td>\r\n<td width=\"129\">Papua New Guinea</td>\r\n<td width=\"129\">Rwanda</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td width=\"129\">July</td>\r\n<td width=\"129\">Brazil\r\nCentral Peru</td>\r\n<td width=\"129\"></td>\r\n<td width=\"129\"></td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td width=\"129\">August</td>\r\n<td width=\"129\">Northern Peru</td>\r\n<td width=\"129\"></td>\r\n<td width=\"129\">Tanzania</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td width=\"129\">September</td>\r\n<td width=\"129\">Northern Peru</td>\r\n<td width=\"129\"></td>\r\n<td width=\"129\">Southern DR Congo\r\nEthiopia\r\nTanzania\r\nUganda</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n</tbody>\r\n</table>\r\n<h2 id=\"tab4\" >The pickers hand-sort the picked cherries</h2>\r\nToward the end of the day, the pickers usually hand-sort the picked cherries to prepare them to be transported to the mill and processed.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_284551\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"398\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-284551\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/coffee-hand-sort.jpg\" alt=\"Workers hand sort coffee cherries.\" width=\"398\" height=\"600\" /> Photo by Major Cohen<br />Workers in Costa Rica hand sort the cherries for processing.[/caption]\r\n\r\nThe cherries are then transported to processing. The way the cherries get to processing varies greatly; it could be by ox-drawn wagon, on a motorbike or bicycle, or on foot.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_284550\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"450\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-284550\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/coffee-oxcart.jpg\" alt=\"An oxcart in Costa Rica takes coffee cherries to the mill\" width=\"450\" height=\"600\" /> Photo by Major Cohen<br />An oxcart in Costa Rica takes cherries to the mill.[/caption]\r\n<h2 id=\"tab5\" >A mill processes the cherries</h2>\r\nThe freshly picked coffee cherries need to be processed within hours for coffee to be fresh.\r\n\r\nProcessing involves removing the outer layers of skin. Removing the layers turns the cherry, the fruit, into the bean, the foundation of a great beverage.\r\n\r\n ","blurb":"","authors":[{"authorId":33507,"name":"Major Cohen","slug":"major-cohen","description":" <p><b>Major Cohen</b>, a certified Specialty Coffee Association (SCA) licensed trainer, recently retired from <i>Starbucks</i>. He is a passionate coffee guy who has a unique knack for making the complex and confusing coffee world easily understood. ","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/33507"}}],"primaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":34333,"title":"Coffee & Tea","slug":"coffee-tea","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/34333"}},"secondaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"tertiaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"trendingArticles":null,"inThisArticle":[{"label":"Flowers appear on coffee tree branches","target":"#tab1"},{"label":"The flowers develop into a cherry","target":"#tab2"},{"label":"A team of pickers pick the cherries","target":"#tab3"},{"label":"The pickers hand-sort the picked cherries","target":"#tab4"},{"label":"A mill processes the cherries","target":"#tab5"}],"relatedArticles":{"fromBook":[],"fromCategory":[{"articleId":284602,"title":"Coffee Brewing Methods","slug":"coffee-brewing-methods","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","food-drink","coffee-tea"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/284602"}},{"articleId":284590,"title":"How to Order Coffee","slug":"how-to-order-coffee","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","food-drink","coffee-tea"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/284590"}},{"articleId":284582,"title":"Making the Perfect Espresso—The Four 'M's","slug":"making-the-perfect-espresso-the-four-ms","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","food-drink","coffee-tea"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/284582"}},{"articleId":284559,"title":"Central America’s Influence on Coffee Production","slug":"central-americas-influence-on-coffee-production","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","food-drink","coffee-tea"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/284559"}},{"articleId":284544,"title":"Where Is Coffee Grown?","slug":"where-is-coffee-grown","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","food-drink","coffee-tea"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/284544"}}]},"hasRelatedBookFromSearch":false,"relatedBook":{"bookId":0,"slug":null,"isbn":null,"categoryList":null,"amazon":null,"image":null,"title":null,"testBankPinActivationLink":null,"bookOutOfPrint":false,"authorsInfo":null,"authors":null,"_links":null},"collections":[],"articleAds":{"footerAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;home-auto-hobbies&quot;,&quot;food-drink&quot;,&quot;coffee-tea&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[null]}]\" id=\"du-slot-63221add967ba\"></div></div>","rightAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_right_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_right_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;home-auto-hobbies&quot;,&quot;food-drink&quot;,&quot;coffee-tea&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[null]}]\" id=\"du-slot-63221add97041\"></div></div>"},"articleType":{"articleType":"Articles","articleList":null,"content":null,"videoInfo":{"videoId":null,"name":null,"accountId":null,"playerId":null,"thumbnailUrl":null,"description":null,"uploadDate":null}},"sponsorship":{"sponsorshipPage":false,"backgroundImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"brandingLine":"","brandingLink":"","brandingLogo":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"sponsorAd":"","sponsorEbookTitle":"","sponsorEbookLink":"","sponsorEbookImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0}},"primaryLearningPath":"Explore","lifeExpectancy":"Two years","lifeExpectancySetFrom":"2022-04-30T00:00:00+00:00","dummiesForKids":"no","sponsoredContent":"no","adInfo":"","adPairKey":[]},"status":"publish","visibility":"public","articleId":284549},{"headers":{"creationTime":"2022-04-30T15:20:53+00:00","modifiedTime":"2022-04-30T15:20:53+00:00","timestamp":"2023-09-14T18:18:05+00:00"},"data":{"breadcrumbs":[{"name":"Home, Auto, & Hobbies","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33809"},"slug":"home-auto-hobbies","categoryId":33809},{"name":"Food & Drink","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33839"},"slug":"food-drink","categoryId":33839},{"name":"Coffee & Tea","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/34333"},"slug":"coffee-tea","categoryId":34333}],"title":"Where Is Coffee Grown?","strippedTitle":"where is coffee grown?","slug":"where-is-coffee-grown","canonicalUrl":"","关注座舱改善":{"metaDescription":"Coffee is grown in countries all over the world where the climate conditions and geography are ideally suited. Explore these regions.","noIndex":0,"noFollow":0},"content":"Growing <a href=\"//www.coursofppt.com/food-drink/drinks/coffee-for-dummies-cheat-sheet/\">coffee</a> requires Mother Nature’s cooperation. Geography shapes the perceived quality and taste of a given coffee. These conditions have a big impact on any coffee crop:\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li>Temperature</li>\r\n \t<li>Rainfall</li>\r\n \t<li>Soil conditions</li>\r\n \t<li>Sun, shade, and wind</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<h2 id=\"tab1\" >Coffee grown in the Western Hemisphere</h2>\r\nIn the Americas, coffee has been grown successfully in several countries.\r\n<h3>Central America</h3>\r\nSome of these smaller countries feature a few of the most noteworthy coffees and coffee success stories of the last century:\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li><strong>Costa Rica:</strong> Known as the Switzerland of Central America, Costa Rica offers a perfect environment for growing coffee. Peace and neutrality have allowed for the growth of an enviable coffee infrastructure.</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_284545\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"398\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-284545\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/coffee-costa-rican-farm.jpg\" alt=\"Coffee plants in Costa Rica\" width=\"398\" height=\"600\" /> Photo by Major Cohen<br />Costa Rica has great coffee farms.[/caption]\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li><strong>El Salvador:</strong> The country and the coffee industry in El Salvador have benefited and suffered together over the past 25 years. A solid but still not fully realized coffee opportunity exists there.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Guatemala:</strong> This country is the source of some of the most exquisite and treasured coffees in the world.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Honduras:</strong> This country has a burgeoning coffee industry and an increasing premium crop production.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Mexico:</strong> One of the world’s top 10 coffee producers, Mexico features diverse, mountainous terrain and an equally diverse range of potential flavor profiles.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Nicaragua:</strong> Although coffee is a principal crop in Nicaragua, an opportunity remains for both increased output and better quality.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Panama:</strong> The famed Boquete Valley, and an interest and investment in producing the Geisha varietal, have cemented Panama’s reputation for amazing coffees.</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<h3>South America</h3>\r\nAn almost perfect coffee-growing climate and vast land made South America a prime spot for cultivating a relatively new crop all the way back to the 1700s. Today it’s home to Brazil and Colombia, the top annual coffee producers in the world. Here are countries in South American known for coffee production:\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li><strong>Bolivia:</strong> A forest called the Yungas in the Andes Mountains is home to some strikingly beautiful, high-elevation coffee farms. Bolivia has had a reputation for lower-quality output, but the industry is waiting to see what the future holds.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Brazil:</strong> The largest coffee producer hasn’t always been the best, but Brazil has focused on fine-tuning its crops; its goal to be a top premium coffee source has spurred a resurgence.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Colombia:</strong> Thanks to stellar marketing and some beautiful coffees, Colombia is widely viewed as “the most coffee” of coffees when it comes to flavor in a cup.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Ecuador:</strong> Small farms in the Andes are producing limited quantities, but more infrastructure will help Ecuador reach its considerable potential.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Peru:</strong> A diversity of growing regions in this country has resulted in a wide variety of intriguing flavor profiles.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Venezuela:</strong> At one time, Venezuela had a coffee output that was comparable to its high-production neighbors. But Venezuela is producing less, so most of the interesting and good-quality crop is consumed in country rather than exported.</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<h3>The Islands</h3>\r\nWith striking mountainous regions and situated perfectly in the tropical climate of the equatorial belt, these islands have history and heritage in coffee. Three are in the Caribbean Sea and one is in the Pacific Ocean, but all continue to have tremendous potential and some considerable pedigree as coffee growing origins:\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li><strong>Cuba:</strong> Although Cuba has been growing coffee since the mid-18th century, the political situation has all but eliminated any output from what is a coffee-growing environment with great potential.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Dominican Republic:</strong> This is another country with a long-established history of coffee farming and recognized potential for investment and renewed effort.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Hawaii:</strong> These islands host some of the most beautiful coffee farms and celebrate production of some of the most popular and pricey coffees in the world.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Jamaica:</strong> The famed Blue Mountains, located in the eastern third of the island, are home to coffee farms with a heritage that dates back to 1723 and French King Louis XV. King Louis sent three plants as a gift to Martinique, and five years later the governor of Martinique gave one of those as a gift to Jamaica’s governor.</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<h2 id=\"tab2\" >Coffee grown in Africa</h2>\r\nThe birthplace of coffee, Africa today is an important frontier for innovation and growth in the coffee industry. Here are the countries in Africa that are known for coffee.\r\n<h3>Northeast Africa</h3>\r\nThe Great Rift Valley, Mt. Kenya, and the Ethiopian Plateau combine to establish a splendid geography for coffee production in these two countries:\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li><strong>Ethiopia:</strong> The birthplace of coffee, Ethiopia is home to a long-standing, established culture that is centered on coffee and its place in community. Ethiopian coffees are some of the most exotic in the world.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Kenya:</strong> Although not the largest in terms of output among the African coffee countries, Kenya is certainly recognized and celebrated for its unusual and often high-quality, noteworthy coffees with unique flavor characteristics all their own.</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<h3>Southern Africa</h3>\r\nThis region is home to countries that are often seen as having the greatest potential in the industry. These are the main coffee producers in southern Africa:\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li><strong>Burundi:</strong> An on-again, off-again approach has impacted Burundi’s coffee consistency; despite that, this small country is often the source of some unique offerings.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Congo:</strong> Some refreshingly bright and flavorful coffees have come out of Congo in recent years.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Malawi:</strong> Despite the fact that this country has experienced political instability, Malawi still has been able to export some tasty coffees that have found their way to consumers in Europe and the United States.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Rwanda:</strong> Highly respected for their response to the tragedy of genocide in the 1990s and the ensuing focus on coffee as a key to a brighter, more prosperous future, Rwandan coffee growers have established a reputation for producing some terrific coffees.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Tanzania:</strong> Mount Kilimanjaro and Mount Meru are home to some highly regarded coffee farms, and coffee plays an important role in Tanzania’s economy.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Zambia:</strong> A small country with a growing interest in expanding its coffee industry, Zambia is another country to keep an eye on.</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<h2 id=\"tab3\" >Coffee grown in the Eastern Hemisphere</h2>\r\nPerhaps the most remote and exotic environments for coffee growing exist in the region known as the Asia Pacific.\r\n\r\nConsider coffee in the following countries:\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li><strong>China:</strong> Although coffee production in China didn’t really begin in earnest until the late 1980s, what has been developed, primarily in the Yunnan Region, has been impressive, and green coffee buyers now recognize coffee from China as having huge potential.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>India: </strong>An incredibly long history of both coffee and tea production has made India a long-standing and important source of both beverages.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Indonesia:</strong> The thousands of islands that make up Indonesia include a few that have established an enduring and respected place in the world of coffee.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Papua New Guinea:</strong> Coffee represents an important export for Papua New Guinea. The industry began here with the importation of coffee seeds from the Jamaican Blue Mountains in the early 1920s.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Vietnam:</strong> The number two coffee producer in the world, Vietnam has made progress in establishing itself as a source for quality and not just quantity; high-quality coffee exports are what the country is known for, more and more.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Yemen:</strong> Coffee dates way back to the sixth century in Yemen. The Arabian Port of Mokha, a Yemen coffee variety called Mocha, and a drink named mocha make it confusing, but Yemen has been the source of some of the greatest coffees.</li>\r\n</ul>","description":"Growing <a href=\"//www.coursofppt.com/food-drink/drinks/coffee-for-dummies-cheat-sheet/\">coffee</a> requires Mother Nature’s cooperation. Geography shapes the perceived quality and taste of a given coffee. These conditions have a big impact on any coffee crop:\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li>Temperature</li>\r\n \t<li>Rainfall</li>\r\n \t<li>Soil conditions</li>\r\n \t<li>Sun, shade, and wind</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<h2 id=\"tab1\" >Coffee grown in the Western Hemisphere</h2>\r\nIn the Americas, coffee has been grown successfully in several countries.\r\n<h3>Central America</h3>\r\nSome of these smaller countries feature a few of the most noteworthy coffees and coffee success stories of the last century:\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li><strong>Costa Rica:</strong> Known as the Switzerland of Central America, Costa Rica offers a perfect environment for growing coffee. Peace and neutrality have allowed for the growth of an enviable coffee infrastructure.</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_284545\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"398\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-284545\" src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/coffee-costa-rican-farm.jpg\" alt=\"Coffee plants in Costa Rica\" width=\"398\" height=\"600\" /> Photo by Major Cohen<br />Costa Rica has great coffee farms.[/caption]\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li><strong>El Salvador:</strong> The country and the coffee industry in El Salvador have benefited and suffered together over the past 25 years. A solid but still not fully realized coffee opportunity exists there.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Guatemala:</strong> This country is the source of some of the most exquisite and treasured coffees in the world.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Honduras:</strong> This country has a burgeoning coffee industry and an increasing premium crop production.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Mexico:</strong> One of the world’s top 10 coffee producers, Mexico features diverse, mountainous terrain and an equally diverse range of potential flavor profiles.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Nicaragua:</strong> Although coffee is a principal crop in Nicaragua, an opportunity remains for both increased output and better quality.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Panama:</strong> The famed Boquete Valley, and an interest and investment in producing the Geisha varietal, have cemented Panama’s reputation for amazing coffees.</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<h3>South America</h3>\r\nAn almost perfect coffee-growing climate and vast land made South America a prime spot for cultivating a relatively new crop all the way back to the 1700s. Today it’s home to Brazil and Colombia, the top annual coffee producers in the world. Here are countries in South American known for coffee production:\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li><strong>Bolivia:</strong> A forest called the Yungas in the Andes Mountains is home to some strikingly beautiful, high-elevation coffee farms. Bolivia has had a reputation for lower-quality output, but the industry is waiting to see what the future holds.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Brazil:</strong> The largest coffee producer hasn’t always been the best, but Brazil has focused on fine-tuning its crops; its goal to be a top premium coffee source has spurred a resurgence.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Colombia:</strong> Thanks to stellar marketing and some beautiful coffees, Colombia is widely viewed as “the most coffee” of coffees when it comes to flavor in a cup.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Ecuador:</strong> Small farms in the Andes are producing limited quantities, but more infrastructure will help Ecuador reach its considerable potential.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Peru:</strong> A diversity of growing regions in this country has resulted in a wide variety of intriguing flavor profiles.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Venezuela:</strong> At one time, Venezuela had a coffee output that was comparable to its high-production neighbors. But Venezuela is producing less, so most of the interesting and good-quality crop is consumed in country rather than exported.</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<h3>The Islands</h3>\r\nWith striking mountainous regions and situated perfectly in the tropical climate of the equatorial belt, these islands have history and heritage in coffee. Three are in the Caribbean Sea and one is in the Pacific Ocean, but all continue to have tremendous potential and some considerable pedigree as coffee growing origins:\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li><strong>Cuba:</strong> Although Cuba has been growing coffee since the mid-18th century, the political situation has all but eliminated any output from what is a coffee-growing environment with great potential.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Dominican Republic:</strong> This is another country with a long-established history of coffee farming and recognized potential for investment and renewed effort.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Hawaii:</strong> These islands host some of the most beautiful coffee farms and celebrate production of some of the most popular and pricey coffees in the world.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Jamaica:</strong> The famed Blue Mountains, located in the eastern third of the island, are home to coffee farms with a heritage that dates back to 1723 and French King Louis XV. King Louis sent three plants as a gift to Martinique, and five years later the governor of Martinique gave one of those as a gift to Jamaica’s governor.</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<h2 id=\"tab2\" >Coffee grown in Africa</h2>\r\nThe birthplace of coffee, Africa today is an important frontier for innovation and growth in the coffee industry. Here are the countries in Africa that are known for coffee.\r\n<h3>Northeast Africa</h3>\r\nThe Great Rift Valley, Mt. Kenya, and the Ethiopian Plateau combine to establish a splendid geography for coffee production in these two countries:\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li><strong>Ethiopia:</strong> The birthplace of coffee, Ethiopia is home to a long-standing, established culture that is centered on coffee and its place in community. Ethiopian coffees are some of the most exotic in the world.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Kenya:</strong> Although not the largest in terms of output among the African coffee countries, Kenya is certainly recognized and celebrated for its unusual and often high-quality, noteworthy coffees with unique flavor characteristics all their own.</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<h3>Southern Africa</h3>\r\nThis region is home to countries that are often seen as having the greatest potential in the industry. These are the main coffee producers in southern Africa:\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li><strong>Burundi:</strong> An on-again, off-again approach has impacted Burundi’s coffee consistency; despite that, this small country is often the source of some unique offerings.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Congo:</strong> Some refreshingly bright and flavorful coffees have come out of Congo in recent years.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Malawi:</strong> Despite the fact that this country has experienced political instability, Malawi still has been able to export some tasty coffees that have found their way to consumers in Europe and the United States.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Rwanda:</strong> Highly respected for their response to the tragedy of genocide in the 1990s and the ensuing focus on coffee as a key to a brighter, more prosperous future, Rwandan coffee growers have established a reputation for producing some terrific coffees.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Tanzania:</strong> Mount Kilimanjaro and Mount Meru are home to some highly regarded coffee farms, and coffee plays an important role in Tanzania’s economy.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Zambia:</strong> A small country with a growing interest in expanding its coffee industry, Zambia is another country to keep an eye on.</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<h2 id=\"tab3\" >Coffee grown in the Eastern Hemisphere</h2>\r\nPerhaps the most remote and exotic environments for coffee growing exist in the region known as the Asia Pacific.\r\n\r\nConsider coffee in the following countries:\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li><strong>China:</strong> Although coffee production in China didn’t really begin in earnest until the late 1980s, what has been developed, primarily in the Yunnan Region, has been impressive, and green coffee buyers now recognize coffee from China as having huge potential.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>India: </strong>An incredibly long history of both coffee and tea production has made India a long-standing and important source of both beverages.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Indonesia:</strong> The thousands of islands that make up Indonesia include a few that have established an enduring and respected place in the world of coffee.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Papua New Guinea:</strong> Coffee represents an important export for Papua New Guinea. The industry began here with the importation of coffee seeds from the Jamaican Blue Mountains in the early 1920s.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Vietnam:</strong> The number two coffee producer in the world, Vietnam has made progress in establishing itself as a source for quality and not just quantity; high-quality coffee exports are what the country is known for, more and more.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Yemen:</strong> Coffee dates way back to the sixth century in Yemen. The Arabian Port of Mokha, a Yemen coffee variety called Mocha, and a drink named mocha make it confusing, but Yemen has been the source of some of the greatest coffees.</li>\r\n</ul>","blurb":"","authors":[{"authorId":33507,"name":"Major Cohen","slug":"major-cohen","description":" <p><b>Major Cohen</b>, a certified Specialty Coffee Association (SCA) licensed trainer, recently retired from <i>Starbucks</i>. He is a passionate coffee guy who has a unique knack for making the complex and confusing coffee world easily understood. ","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/33507"}}],"primaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":34333,"title":"Coffee & Tea","slug":"coffee-tea","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/34333"}},"secondaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"tertiaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"trendingArticles":null,"inThisArticle":[{"label":"Coffee grown in the Western Hemisphere","target":"#tab1"},{"label":"Coffee grown in Africa","target":"#tab2"},{"label":"Coffee grown in the Eastern Hemisphere","target":"#tab3"}],"relatedArticles":{"fromBook":[],"fromCategory":[{"articleId":284602,"title":"Coffee Brewing Methods","slug":"coffee-brewing-methods","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","food-drink","coffee-tea"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/284602"}},{"articleId":284590,"title":"How to Order 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