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Want to star in a musical? Find out how to nail the audition! Want to impress even your most-in-the-know friends? Reference off-Broadway musicals!","description":"Whether you strive to become involved with musical theatre or you’re an enthusiastic fan who can’t get enough, you’ll want to know which shows truly made a difference in musical history. Want to star in a musical? Find out how to nail the audition! Want to impress even your most-in-the-know friends? Reference off-Broadway musicals!","blurb":"","authors":[{"authorId":35250,"name":"Seth Rudetsky","slug":"seth-rudetsky","description":"<b>Seth Rudetsky </b>is the afternoon host of “On Broadway” on SIRIUSXM<sup>®</sup>. Seth has played piano for and/or conducted more than a dozen Broadway shows, including <i>Les Misérables, The Phantom of the Opera</i>, and <i>Grease</i>. He co-wrote and starred on Broadway in the <i>New York Times</i> Critics pick musical <i>DISASTER!</i> During the COVID lockdown, he and his husband James Wesley raised more than $1 million for the Actors Fund with their online show <i>Stars In The House</i>. For more information, go to SethRudetsky.com.","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/35250"}}],"primaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":33750,"title":"Theater","slug":"theater","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33750"}},"secondaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"tertiaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"trendingArticles":null,"inThisArticle":[],"relatedArticles":{"fromBook":[],"fromCategory":[{"articleId":209343,"title":"Breaking Into Acting For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"breaking-into-acting-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/209343"}},{"articleId":208633,"title":"Playwriting For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"playwriting-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/208633"}},{"articleId":208135,"title":"Voice Acting For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"voice-acting-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/208135"}},{"articleId":201309,"title":"Figuring Out What You Need to Succeed in Acting","slug":"figuring-out-what-you-need-to-succeed-in-acting","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/201309"}},{"articleId":201284,"title":"Fine-Tuning Your Acting Performance on Film","slug":"fine-tuning-your-acting-performance-on-film","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/201284"}}]},"hasRelatedBookFromSearch":false,"relatedBook":{"bookId":297053,"slug":"musical-theatre-for-dummies","isbn":"9781119889502","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"amazon":{"default":"//www.amazon.com/gp/product/1119889502/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","ca":"//www.amazon.ca/gp/product/1119889502/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","indigo_ca":"//www.tkqlhce.com/click-9208661-13710633?url=//www.chapters.indigo.ca/en-ca/books/product/1119889502-item.html&cjsku=978111945484","gb":"//www.amazon.co.uk/gp/product/1119889502/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","de":"//www.amazon.de/gp/product/1119889502/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20"},"image":{"src":"//coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/musical-theatre-for-dummies-cover-1119889502-206x255.jpg","width":206,"height":255},"title":"Musical Theatre For Dummies","testBankPinActivationLink":"","bookOutOfPrint":true,"authorsInfo":"<p><b><b data-author-id=\"35250\">Seth Rudetsky</b> </b>is the afternoon host of “On Broadway” on SIRIUSXM<sup>®</sup>. Seth has played piano for and/or conducted more than a dozen Broadway shows, including <i>Les Misérables, The Phantom of the Opera</i>, and <i>Grease</i>. He co-wrote and starred on Broadway in the <i>New York Times</i> Critics pick musical <i>DISASTER!</i> During the COVID lockdown, he and his husband James Wesley raised more than $1 million for the Actors Fund with their online show <i>Stars In The House</i>. For more information, go to SethRudetsky.com.</p>","authors":[{"authorId":35250,"name":"Seth Rudetsky","slug":"seth-rudetsky","description":"<b>Seth Rudetsky </b>is the afternoon host of “On Broadway” on SIRIUSXM<sup>®</sup>. Seth has played piano for and/or conducted more than a dozen Broadway shows, including <i>Les Misérables, The Phantom of the Opera</i>, and <i>Grease</i>. He co-wrote and starred on Broadway in the <i>New York Times</i> Critics pick musical <i>DISASTER!</i> During the COVID lockdown, he and his husband James Wesley raised more than $1 million for the Actors Fund with their online show <i>Stars In The House</i>. 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Listen to the original cast recordings, buy the script and read it, see a local production, (and even watch the movie).</p>\n<p>Do whatever you can do, so you know more than just the titles of these shows:</p>\n<ul>\n<li><em>Oklahoma!</em> incorporated story, music, lyrics, <em>and </em>dance. Its production marked the birth of the modern musical.</li>\n<li><em>West Side Story </em>brought gritty modern-day realism to Broadway, and it was Stephen Sondheim’s Broadway debut.</li>\n<li><em>Hair </em>is considered the first rock musical. And it’s the first musical with full frontal nudity!</li>\n<li><em>A Chorus Line </em>is a musical about the people who are in musicals and what it takes to get a job.</li>\n<li><em>Les Misérables, The Phantom of the Opera, </em>and<em> Miss Saigon </em>brought the British invasion of the 1980s that started the mega-long-running musical trend.</li>\n<li><em>Rent </em>made musicals cool again.</li>\n<li><em>Hamilton </em>is the first successful musical to use a major amount of hip hop and rap in the score. This show is a worldwide phenomenon — a hit wherever it plays.</li>\n</ul>\n"},{"title":"Auditioning tips for musical theatre","thumb":null,"image":null,"content":"<p>You’re finally going to audition for a musical. Uh-oh. Now what? What must you know before you walk into that room with the pianist and the powers-that-be? Here are some quick tips you can use, so no one knows it’s your first time:</p>\n<ul>\n<li><strong>Familiarize yourself with the show.</strong> Read a synopsis of the show and listen to the cast recording. Is there a role that you think you’re right for? Mention it when you audition.</li>\n<li><strong>Bring a song in the style of the show.</strong> Yes, maybe you sound amazing on Rodgers and Hammerstein’s “People Will Say We’re in Love,” but that doesn’t have much to do with any of the songs in <em>Rent.</em> Similarly, if you sound amazing as a Schuyler sister, it doesn’t matter if the audition is for Cosette in <em>Les Misérables.</em></li>\n<li><strong>Practice your music with a pianist.</strong> There’s nothing worse than showing up to an audition and finding out your audition song is in the totally wrong key.</li>\n<li><strong>Dress like the era of the show.</strong> I don’t mean to wear a costume, but if you’re auditioning for the Mad Men era musical <em>How to Succeed in Business without Really Trying,</em> don’t wear a tank top and jeggings. As a matter of fact, don’t ever wear jeggings!</li>\n</ul>\n"},{"title":"10 off-Broadway musical recordings you should know","thumb":null,"image":null,"content":"<p>Plenty of off-Broadway musicals are fantastic. Here’s a list of ten (just know that the list of off-Broadway greats is much longer):</p>\n<h3><strong><em>The Last Five Years</em></strong></h3>\n<p>This show has an interesting concept; it focuses on a couple whose marriage has ended, but the female character begins the show at the end of the marriage and the male character begins the show at the start of the relationship. Her journey travels backward and his travels forward.</p>\n<p>The score has the wonderful songs of Jason Robert Brown and the recording is wonderful. The two stars, Norbert Leo Butz and Sherie Rene Scott, are at the top of their game, and Brown, the composer himself, is on piano!</p>\n<h3><strong><em>Falsettoland</em></strong></h3>\n<p>Music and lyrics are by William Finn and story by Finn and James Lapine. This became Act Two of Broadway’s <em>Falsettos,</em> but it was a stand-alone musical Off-Broadway in the late 1980s.</p>\n<p>Ultimately, it’s the incredibly sad story of Whizzer contracting AIDS and how that affects his ex (and then current) boyfriend Marvin and Marvin’s family. Yet, even though it’s sad, it also has so much comedy. It’s a beautiful and stunning masterpiece. Listen to the cast album from start to finish, and you’ll get the entire show — it’s all music!</p>\n<h3><strong><em>Forbidden Broadway</em></strong></h3>\n<p>This show began in the early 1980s because Gerard Alessandrini, then a struggling actor, was always rewriting comedy lyrics to Broadway songs.  He took a bunch of his parodies and put it into a four-person show at Palsson’s Supper Club (now called The Triad).</p>\n<p>This show has many versions because it’s been updated so many times. Get a bunch of the CDs (or stream them or whatever), and you’ll hear so many funny parodies.</p>\n<p>The original lyric in <em>Les Miz </em>is “At the end of the day you’re another day older,”  but Allesendrini changes it to comment on how the show was three hours and 15 minutes, and it becomes “At the end of the play you’re another year older.” Hilarious!</p>\n<h3><strong><em>The Wild Party</em></strong></h3>\n<p>An incredible score by Andrew Lippa and an incredible cast singing it, including Brian d’Arcy James, Taye Diggs, Julia Murney, and Idina Menzel.</p>\n<h3><strong><em>You’re a Good Man, Charlie Brown</em></strong></h3>\n<p>So many charming and sweet songs, like “Happiness” (“Happiness is two kinds of ice cream”) and my favorite, “The Book Report.”</p>\n<p>This one has every character writing a book report on Peter Rabbit, and each character is so clear. Linus is writing a PhD level thesis; Schroeder is obsessed with Robin Hood and keeps turning the report back to that plotline; Lucy is obsessed with the word count; and Charlie Brown spends the entire song procrastinating. So brilliant!</p>\n<h3><strong><em>The Fantastiks</em></strong></h3>\n<p>The longest running off-Broadway musical was longest running for a reason. It truly is fantastik (sic!). Each song has beautiful/jazzy melodies and extremely clever yet simple lyrics and tells a lovely story that’s summed up in the opening lyrics, “without a hurt, the heart is hollow.”</p>\n<h3><strong><em>Jacques Brel Is Alive and Well and Living in Paris</em></strong></h3>\n<p>With a cast of four, this show features an entire score of songs written by French music writer/singing star Jacques Brel and translated English lyrics by Eric Blau and Mort Shuman. It has light songs like “Madeline” and “Jackie” and devastating songs like “Sons of” and “The Old Folks.”</p>\n<h3><strong><em>Altar Boyz</em></strong></h3>\n<p>Most of the shows in this list have lots of humor within them, but this one is a pure comedy. <em>Altar Boyz</em> is about a Christian boy band, and, boy, the singing is so great. It’s all in five-part harmony and sounds like all those great boy band songs you loved when you were a teenager.</p>\n<p>The talented cast is filled with great comic actors who are also great singers. And the songs aren’t only really melodious but also have so many super-funny lyrics parodying what a Christian boy band would sing, like “Jesus Called Me on My Cell Phone” and the love song one of the boyz sings to his girlfriend: “Girl, You Make Me Wanna Wait.” Hi-lar!</p>\n<h3><strong><em>Zanna, Don’t</em></strong></h3>\n<p>This is a wonderful cast album of a very special show. Tim Acito wrote the book, music, and lyrics to this musical about a high school where two people fall in love — what’s sometimes called “forbidden love.” But it’s not a gay love affair, it’s the opposite.</p>\n<p>In the world of <em>Zanna, Don’t!,</em> everyone is gay. That’s the norm. And when a boy and a girl fall in love, and their fellow students find out, what happens to them sadly mirrors what happens to many gay teenagers.</p>\n<p>Despite the profound message of this show, it also has so much joy in it, especially within the score. What’s also fun is some dialogue on the album where you can hear how Devanand Janki (who directed and choreographed) kept the style so consistent, almost representational and yet real.</p>\n<p>The whole cast is fantastic, but pay special attention to the high beltin’ ladies, Shelley Thomas and Anika Larsen, (who went on to be nominated for a Tony Award for playing Cynthia Weil in <em>Beautiful: The Carole King Musical</em>) in the song “Ride ‘Em” and “Whatcha Got.” So good!</p>\n<h3><strong><em>Bat Boy</em></strong></h3>\n<p>Those who were around in the 1980s might remember the tabloid called <em>The Weekly World News.</em> A common cover feature about Bat Boy told the story of a half boy/half bat who was on the run and “very dangerous” according to police.</p>\n<p>The story of Bat Boy was turned into a musical that could have been a one-joke <em>Saturday Night Live</em> sketch. Instead, it’s consistently filled with humor, along with  depth and pathos. The music is so tuneful, and the lyrics are so extremely clever (both by Laurence O’Keefe).</p>\n<p>If the show had transferred to Broadway, Deven May probably would have been nominated for a Tony Award (and quite possibly won) for his brilliant, comedic performance as the Bat Boy, going from a wild animal to an educated young man with a British accent.</p>\n<p>And the same goes for Kaitlin Hopkins who stopped the show every time with her high camp, yet very real performance as the woman who adopts — yet ultimately rejects — the Bat Boy.</p>\n<p>Listen to the song “Three Bedroom House” and enjoy her yell &#8220;Shelly, NOOOO!” sounding like a classic B movie. And then she hauls out her amazing belt on the final note. Brilliant!</p>\n"}],"videoInfo":{"videoId":null,"name":null,"accountId":null,"playerId":null,"thumbnailUrl":null,"description":null,"uploadDate":null}},"sponsorship":{"sponsorshipPage":false,"backgroundImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"brandingLine":"","brandingLink":"","brandingLogo":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"sponsorAd":"","sponsorEbookTitle":"","sponsorEbookLink":"","sponsorEbookImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0}},"primaryLearningPath":"Explore","lifeExpectancy":"Five years","lifeExpectancySetFrom":"2024-02-10T00:00:00+00:00","dummiesForKids":"no","sponsoredContent":"no","adInfo":"","adPairKey":[]},"status":"publish","visibility":"public","articleId":297205},{"headers":{"creationTime":"2017-03-27T16:57:53+00:00","modifiedTime":"2023-03-25T19:07:20+00:00","timestamp":"2023-09-14T18:19:31+00:00"},"data":{"breadcrumbs":[{"name":"Academics & The Arts","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33662"},"slug":"academics-the-arts","categoryId":33662},{"name":"Performing Arts","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33747"},"slug":"performing-arts","categoryId":33747},{"name":"Theater","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33750"},"slug":"theater","categoryId":33750}],"title":"Breaking Into Acting For Dummies Cheat Sheet","strippedTitle":"breaking into acting for dummies cheat sheet","slug":"breaking-into-acting-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","canonicalUrl":"","手机搜素网页汽车刹车系统简化":{"metaDescription":"Learn how to break into acting, which starts by being prepared for your audition; also learn how to deal with career frustrations.","noIndex":0,"noFollow":0},"content":"Breaking into acting takes more than catching a lucky break. Take steps to show up prepared for your acting audition, like keeping your clothes measurements with you. Keep accurate records of your acting expenses so you can deduct them from your taxes. Learn to deal with the frustration of acting, and keep your hopes of becoming an actor alive.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_284330\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"556\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-284330\" src=\"//coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/acting-audition.jpg\" alt=\"acting audition\" width=\"556\" height=\"371\" /> © LightField Studios / Shutterstock.com[/caption]","description":"Breaking into acting takes more than catching a lucky break. Take steps to show up prepared for your acting audition, like keeping your clothes measurements with you. Keep accurate records of your acting expenses so you can deduct them from your taxes. Learn to deal with the frustration of acting, and keep your hopes of becoming an actor alive.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_284330\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"556\"]<img class=\"size-full wp-image-284330\" src=\"//coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/acting-audition.jpg\" alt=\"acting audition\" width=\"556\" height=\"371\" /> © LightField Studios / Shutterstock.com[/caption]","blurb":"","authors":[{"authorId":10530,"name":"Larry Garrison","slug":"larry-garrison","description":" <p><b>Larry Garrison</b> is President of SilverCreek Entertainment. He&#8217;s worked as a producer/actor in TV and film in Los Angeles for more than 30 years. His company has produced news stories for ABC and NBC News.</p> <p><b>Wallace Wang</b> is a stand-up comedian and the author of more than 10 bestselling <i>For Dummies</i> books. 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These auditioning tips can minimize distractions and help you put together a knockout performance:</p>\n<ul>\n<li>Pack a change of clothes in case your outfit gets dirty or torn, or so you can modify your appearance to match the role.</li>\n<li>Take a copy of sides (the pages of a script that you’ll be reading from) or the script to practice while you wait your turn to audition.</li>\n<li>Do a final run-through of your monologues to make sure that you have them memorized and are comfortable performing them.</li>\n<li>Confirm directions to the audition location. Also, plan to leave your residence in plenty of time to get to the audition location early.</li>\n<li>Clear your personal calendar for the day of the audition, so you can arrive early and stay late with no worries.</li>\n<li>Make a list of emergency telephone numbers, such as your agent’s number and the audition location number.</li>\n<li>Get a good night’s sleep.</li>\n<li>Eat a well-balanced meal beforehand and stay hydrated.</li>\n</ul>\n"},{"title":"Take clothing measurements to your acting audition","thumb":null,"image":null,"content":"<p>A casting director may need your clothes measurements for costume fittings at your acting audition. Keep your measurements handy and take them to your audition. Be prepared, if asked, for the following:</p>\n<table width=\"727\">\n<tbody>\n<tr>\n<td>Height: _____</td>\n<td>Females: Bust: _____</td>\n<td>Males: Suit: _____</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Weight: _____</td>\n<td>Hips: _____</td>\n<td>Shirt: _____</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Shoe size: _____</td>\n<td>Dress: _____</td>\n<td>Inseam: _____</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Waist: _____</td>\n<td>Blouse: _____</td>\n<td></td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Blouse: _____</td>\n<td>Pants: _____</td>\n<td></td>\n</tr>\n</tbody>\n</table>\n"},{"title":"Tax deductions for acting expenses","thumb":null,"image":null,"content":"<p>Because acting is a business, you may be allowed to write off tax deductions for some acting expenses up to the acting income you’ve earned. Consult your tax advisor about tax deductions and keep accurate records of your acting expenses. Please check with your CPA because of ever-changing tax laws. Possible tax deductions include</p>\n<ul>\n<li>Travel expenses to and from auditions (including meals and lodging)</li>\n<li>Admissions to movies and plays (save your ticket stubs)</li>\n<li>Acting classes, workshops, and seminars</li>\n<li>Acting books and magazines</li>\n<li>Office supplies</li>\n<li>Mailing expenses</li>\n<li>Telephone bills</li>\n<li>Union dues</li>\n<li>Head shots (photographer’s fees)</li>\n<li>Movie rentals</li>\n<li>Television set, DVD player, and the cost of cable or streaming subscription service</li>\n<li>Makeup and clothing specifically used for acting (including dry cleaning expenses)</li>\n<li>Cost of creating a demo video</li>\n</ul>\n"},{"title":"How to deal with frustration as an actor","thumb":null,"image":null,"content":"<p>Don’t give up on your dreams of being an actor when you’re feeling frustrated. To relax and revive your acting aspirations, try some of these suggestions:</p>\n<ul>\n<li>Meditate or practice <a href=\"//dummies-wp-admin.coursofppt.com/health/exercise/yoga/yoga-all-in-one-dummies-cheat-sheet/\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\">yoga</a></li>\n<li>Treat yourself to a spa, massage, or a hot bath</li>\n<li>Go on a long hike in nature</li>\n<li>Take a class to overcome your weaknesses as an actor</li>\n<li>Look for a day job that you may actually like</li>\n<li>Participate in non-show business activities, such as playing sports, volunteering at a hospital or charity, or enjoying a hobby</li>\n<li>Work off some steam—take a karate, boxing, or aerobic workout class</li>\n<li>Start or join a support group with fellow actors</li>\n<li>See a movie, go to a play, or read a good book</li>\n<li>Do a hobby such as <a href=\"//dummies-wp-admin.coursofppt.com/home-garden/gardening/organic-gardening-for-dummies-cheat-sheet/\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\">organic gardening</a></li>\n<li>Read a positive-thinking book or listen to a motivational podcast</li>\n<li>Browse through one of the trade publications such as <em>Variety</em> or <em>Hollywood Reporter</em></li>\n<li>Pursue an additional show business career (writing, stand-up comedy, filmmaking, and so on)</li>\n<li>Take a vacation (It can be as simple as a one-day trip to the beach or a two week trip to Europe.)</li>\n<li>Take time to develop a plan for advancing your acting career</li>\n</ul>\n"}],"videoInfo":{"videoId":null,"name":null,"accountId":null,"playerId":null,"thumbnailUrl":null,"description":null,"uploadDate":null}},"sponsorship":{"sponsorshipPage":false,"backgroundImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"brandingLine":"","brandingLink":"","brandingLogo":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"sponsorAd":"","sponsorEbookTitle":"","sponsorEbookLink":"","sponsorEbookImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0}},"primaryLearningPath":"Advance","lifeExpectancy":"Two years","lifeExpectancySetFrom":"2023-03-25T00:00:00+00:00","dummiesForKids":"no","sponsoredContent":"no","adInfo":"","adPairKey":[]},"status":"publish","visibility":"public","articleId":209343},{"headers":{"creationTime":"2017-03-27T16:50:36+00:00","modifiedTime":"2023-03-25T13:59:19+00:00","timestamp":"2023-09-14T18:19:30+00:00"},"data":{"breadcrumbs":[{"name":"Academics & The Arts","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33662"},"slug":"academics-the-arts","categoryId":33662},{"name":"Performing Arts","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33747"},"slug":"performing-arts","categoryId":33747},{"name":"Theater","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33750"},"slug":"theater","categoryId":33750}],"title":"Voice Acting For Dummies Cheat Sheet","strippedTitle":"voice acting for dummies cheat sheet","slug":"voice-acting-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","canonicalUrl":"","手机搜素网页汽车刹车系统简化":{"metaDescription":"Ever wanted to use your voice to make a living but just didn’t know how or what to do? 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For approximately the past eight years, Stephanie, David, and their team have grown Voices.com from the ground up to become the leader in the industry.</p>","authors":[{"authorId":9833,"name":"David Ciccarelli","slug":"david-ciccarelli","description":" <p><b>Stephanie Ciccarell</b>i and <b>David Ciccarelli</b> are the founders of Voices.com, the largest global web hub for voice actors. For approximately the past eight years, Stephanie, David, and their team have grown Voices.com from the ground up to become the leader in the industry.</p>","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/9833"}},{"authorId":9834,"name":"Stephanie Ciccarelli","slug":"stephanie-ciccarelli","description":" <p><b>Stephanie Ciccarell</b>i and <b>David Ciccarelli</b> are the founders of Voices.com, the largest global web hub for voice actors. For approximately the past eight years, Stephanie, David, and their team have grown Voices.com from the ground up to become the leader in the industry.</p>","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/9834"}}],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/books/"}},"collections":[],"articleAds":{"footerAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;academics-the-arts&quot;,&quot;performing-arts&quot;,&quot;theater&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9781118399583&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-63221b327543d\"></div></div>","rightAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_right_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_right_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;academics-the-arts&quot;,&quot;performing-arts&quot;,&quot;theater&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9781118399583&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-63221b3275d90\"></div></div>"},"articleType":{"articleType":"Cheat Sheet","articleList":[{"articleId":171645,"title":"Must-Have Demos to Showcase Your Voice Acting","slug":"must-have-demos-to-showcase-your-voice-acting","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/171645"}},{"articleId":171667,"title":"Tips for Great Voice-Over Performances","slug":"tips-for-great-voice-over-performances","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/171667"}},{"articleId":171661,"title":"Creative Ways to Market Yourself as a Voice Actor","slug":"creative-ways-to-market-yourself-as-a-voice-actor","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/171661"}}],"content":[{"title":"Must-have demos to showcase your voice acting","thumb":null,"image":null,"content":"<p>As a voice actor, you need to have recorded demos that indicate your abilities and skills to prospective clients. Voice-over demos fall into four main categories, each having their own purpose, style of performance, intended audience.</p>\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Commercial:</b> These demos last 60 to 90 seconds, and they’re usually a montage of four to five snippets from radio and television ads. They should highlight a full range of emotions, selling styles, moods, and characters.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Narration:</b> These demos last 60 seconds to five minutes, and they usually are a read excerpt that gives your listener a taste of the narrator’s style. With this type of demo, you want to demonstrate your ability with narration, characterization, and consistency in tone and pace.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Animation:</b> These demos last one to two minutes that demonstrate a wide range of characters. You want to showcase your ability with humor, characterization, accents, and comedic elements.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Promo:</b> They should last one to two minutes and promote a comedy, a drama, a news intro, and a movie trailer.</p>\n</li>\n</ul>\n"},{"title":"Tips for great voice-over performances","thumb":null,"image":null,"content":"<p>When giving a performance as a voice actor, you need to get a strong feel for the script writer’s intentions for writing the script. Get inside the script and read between the lines. The following tips can help you to more fully understand what the writer intended and better inform your read:</p>\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Know your character.</b> Find out all you can about your character in order to give the most believable performance, which includes how old your character is, what motivates your character, your character’s priorities, and so on.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Know your audience.</b> To whom are you speaking? Every good voice actor has a clear idea of who his or her target audience is and why what he or she is saying is meaningful to the listener.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Research the location and its environment.</b> Setting the scene is important. Find out details that can support your interpretation of the script, including accents if required and ambient sounds.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Be sensitive to context.</b> Take in the full picture before you decide how you’ll read a script. Everything is connected to each other, including characters. Understanding the entire script is crucial to delivering an informed read.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Visualize the location, your surroundings, and your character.</b> Imagine where your character is, what’s going on around him or her, and how the character fits into the story. You may want to use photographs as a visual guide or inspiration for painting pictures with your words.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Listen to music of the time period.</b> Are you looking for another way to gain insight into the world your character lives in? If you have a date or an era to reference, try to locate music of that time and immerse yourself in what may be the soundtrack of their life.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Identify your character’s contemporaries, whether real or imagined.</b> When creating a character, understanding who your character chooses to surround him or herself with tells you a lot about your character as a person. If your character lived sometime in the past, research people who lived at that time to get a clearer picture of who your character is and how he or she related to contemporaries.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Practice speaking in character when talking to other people.</b> Are you able to speak as your character, even when you’re not reading from a script? Conversing as your character with others is a good test of how well you know your character, how he or she would say things, and what makes him or her tick.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Know how the story ends before you get there.</b> There’s nothing worse than a narrator who is just as surprised as his or her audience. Reading the full script through before recording can ensure that you aren’t caught by surprise, and you can create a better overall performance.</p>\n</li>\n</ul>\n"},{"title":"Creative ways to market yourself as a voice actor","thumb":null,"image":null,"content":"<p>If you feel like your efforts aren’t hitting the mark or are irregular at best, you can get proactive. You can build your roster of clients in several ways in addition to just auditioning. Although responding to casting calls is an important part of the job, so is marketing.</p>\n<p class=\"Remember\">Creating a well-defined marketing plan can help you build a client base faster than auditioning alone. Here are 20 marketing ideas to help you get your voice acting career jumping.</p>\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Logos:</b> Develop your own logo and become memorable before people even hear your voice.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Business cards: </b>Create some business cards. They won’t do you any good just sitting in your wallet though. Hand them out everywhere! You never know who your waitress knows or who is visiting the dentist that day.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Branded letterhead: </b>If you’re mailing demos to potential clients, write a brief cover letter using branded letterhead.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Demo stickers: </b>Use demo stickers that contain your contact details and logo.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Thank you cards:</b> People still love the personal touch of a handwritten thank you card. This kind of gesture is the kind of thing that helps to develop strong business relationships.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Postcards or pamphlets:</b> Mail businesses a post card or pamphlet to introduce yourself and your services explaining how you can help them.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Blogging</b> If you enjoy writing and can do it consistently, blogging can be an effective way to build a following and increase your presence on the web.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Meet-up groups:</b> Starting or joining a monthly meet-up group is a great way to network with peers and get referral business.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Social media groups:</b> Become active on social media groups geared toward voice-over or start one yourself. Try creating a group geared toward a voice-over niche, such as video game voices or cartoon voices.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Personal website: </b>Having a personal website in addition to a profile on a voice acting marketplace site can increase your presence online even more. The more web presences you have, the more likely a client is to come across you while searching for talent.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Professional associations:</b> Receiving accreditation from a voice-over association can help you be perceived as a professional voice actor and give you exclusive training and networking opportunities.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Generate publicity:</b> Everyone has a story! Try pitching yours to magazines and newspapers to generate publicity for your business.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Send client swag: </b><i>Swag</i> refers to useful items you can send to clients that are branded with your company logo, such as mugs, magnets, pens, and so on.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Sponsor an event:</b> If you can swing it, sponsoring an event is a great was to generate some publicity and make yourself known within your community.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Traditional advertising:</b> Place an ad in your local newspaper, trade magazine, or phonebook.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Cold Call:</b> If you have the personality for it, try cold calling local businesses and introduce yourself. Find out if they’re interested in using your voice in their next radio commercial or offer to be the voice of their telephone auto-attendant</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Referrals:</b> If your client is happy with your work, ask if he or she can refer you to others. Sometimes all you have to do is ask.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Link-love:</b> Hundreds of online directories are online. Take some time each day to find and submit your website to them to increase traffic to your site.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Google AdWords:</b> Reach out to a targeted audience with an ad that appears alongside specific key word searches.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Join websites:</b> Not only can you reach out to clients through auditioning, but having a profile at marketplace websites, like the ones listed here, is like setting up a booth at your local market. Hundreds of clients search for voice actors each day.</p>\n<ul class=\"level-two\">\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><a href=\"//www.Voices.com\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\">Voices.com</a></p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><a href=\"//www.upwork.com/\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\">Upwork.com</a></p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><a href=\"//www.guru.com/\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\">Guru.com</a></p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><a href=\"//www.freelance.com\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\">Freelance.com</a></p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><a href=\"//www.freelancer.com\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\">Freelancer.com</a><u></u></p>\n</li>\n</ul>\n</li>\n</ul>\n"}],"videoInfo":{"videoId":null,"name":null,"accountId":null,"playerId":null,"thumbnailUrl":null,"description":null,"uploadDate":null}},"sponsorship":{"sponsorshipPage":false,"backgroundImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"brandingLine":"","brandingLink":"","brandingLogo":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"sponsorAd":"","sponsorEbookTitle":"","sponsorEbookLink":"","sponsorEbookImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0}},"primaryLearningPath":"Advance","lifeExpectancy":"One year","lifeExpectancySetFrom":"2023-03-25T00:00:00+00:00","dummiesForKids":"no","sponsoredContent":"no","adInfo":"","adPairKey":[]},"status":"publish","visibility":"public","articleId":208135},{"headers":{"creationTime":"2017-03-27T16:54:00+00:00","modifiedTime":"2023-01-26T22:09:31+00:00","timestamp":"2023-09-14T18:19:03+00:00"},"data":{"breadcrumbs":[{"name":"Academics & The Arts","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33662"},"slug":"academics-the-arts","categoryId":33662},{"name":"Performing Arts","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33747"},"slug":"performing-arts","categoryId":33747},{"name":"Theater","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33750"},"slug":"theater","categoryId":33750}],"title":"Playwriting For Dummies Cheat Sheet","strippedTitle":"playwriting for dummies cheat sheet","slug":"playwriting-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","canonicalUrl":"","手机搜素网页汽车刹车系统简化":{"metaDescription":"Here's an handy guide to writing a successful play, including creating lifelike characters, as well as a great beginning and ending.","noIndex":0,"noFollow":0},"content":"Playwriting is an exciting and accessible performing arts scriptwriting discipline. Anyone can write a play, round up some friends as actors, and gather an audience to present original theatre at its most fundamental level. But to write great plays that enthrall audiences, you may want to explore playwriting in more detail.\r\n\r\nTo be a successful playwright, you need to know where ideas for plays come from, the lingo writers speak, how to create fully dimensional characters, how to write dialogue, where to start your play, how to develop your storyline and reach the story’s climax, and how to bring your play to a satisfying conclusion.","description":"Playwriting is an exciting and accessible performing arts scriptwriting discipline. Anyone can write a play, round up some friends as actors, and gather an audience to present original theatre at its most fundamental level. But to write great plays that enthrall audiences, you may want to explore playwriting in more detail.\r\n\r\nTo be a successful playwright, you need to know where ideas for plays come from, the lingo writers speak, how to create fully dimensional characters, how to write dialogue, where to start your play, how to develop your storyline and reach the story’s climax, and how to bring your play to a satisfying conclusion.","blurb":"","authors":[{"authorId":10177,"name":"Angelo Parra","slug":"angelo-parra","description":" <p><b>Angelo Parra</b> is an award&#45;winning playwright who has received national acclaim for several of his plays. He teaches theatre and playwriting at SUNY Rockland. Angelo is the founder and director of the Hudson Valley Professional Playwrights Lab and president of the board of Penguin Rep Theatre in Stony Point, New York. ","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/10177"}}],"primaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":33750,"title":"Theater","slug":"theater","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33750"}},"secondaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":33711,"title":"Writing","slug":"writing","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33711"}},"tertiaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"trendingArticles":null,"inThisArticle":[],"relatedArticles":{"fromBook":[{"articleId":188023,"title":"How to Start the Play You're Writing","slug":"how-to-start-the-play-youre-writing","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/188023"}},{"articleId":188021,"title":"Making Character Dialogue Sound Natural","slug":"making-character-dialogue-sound-natural","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/188021"}},{"articleId":188022,"title":"Putting Lifelike Characters on Stage","slug":"putting-lifelike-characters-on-stage","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/188022"}},{"articleId":188019,"title":"Speaking Like a Playwright","slug":"speaking-like-a-playwright","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/188019"}},{"articleId":188020,"title":"Scriptwriting: How to End Your Play","slug":"scriptwriting-how-to-end-your-play","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/188020"}}],"fromCategory":[{"articleId":209343,"title":"Breaking Into Acting For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"breaking-into-acting-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/209343"}},{"articleId":208135,"title":"Voice Acting For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"voice-acting-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/208135"}},{"articleId":201309,"title":"Figuring Out What You Need to Succeed in Acting","slug":"figuring-out-what-you-need-to-succeed-in-acting","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/201309"}},{"articleId":201284,"title":"Fine-Tuning Your Acting Performance on Film","slug":"fine-tuning-your-acting-performance-on-film","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/201284"}},{"articleId":200876,"title":"Auditioning for an Acting Role: What to Expect","slug":"auditioning-for-an-acting-role-what-to-expect","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/200876"}}]},"hasRelatedBookFromSearch":false,"relatedBook":{"bookId":282477,"slug":"playwriting-for-dummies","isbn":"9781118017227","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"amazon":{"default":"//www.amazon.com/gp/product/1118017226/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","ca":"//www.amazon.ca/gp/product/1118017226/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","indigo_ca":"//www.tkqlhce.com/click-9208661-13710633?url=//www.chapters.indigo.ca/en-ca/books/product/1118017226-item.html&cjsku=978111945484","gb":"//www.amazon.co.uk/gp/product/1118017226/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","de":"//www.amazon.de/gp/product/1118017226/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20"},"image":{"src":"//coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/playwriting-for-dummies-cover-9781118017227-203x255.jpg","width":203,"height":255},"title":"Playwriting For Dummies","testBankPinActivationLink":"","bookOutOfPrint":false,"authorsInfo":"<p><b data-author-id=\"10177\">Angelo Parra</b> is an award-winning playwright who has received national acclaim for several of his plays. He teaches theatre and playwriting at SUNY Rockland. Angelo is the founder and director of the Hudson Valley Professional Playwrights Lab and president of the board of Penguin Rep Theatre in Stony Point, New York. </p>","authors":[{"authorId":10177,"name":"Angelo Parra","slug":"angelo-parra","description":" <p><b>Angelo Parra</b> is an award&#45;winning playwright who has received national acclaim for several of his plays. He teaches theatre and playwriting at SUNY Rockland. Angelo is the founder and director of the Hudson Valley Professional Playwrights Lab and president of the board of Penguin Rep Theatre in Stony Point, New York. ","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/10177"}}],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/books/"}},"collections":[],"articleAds":{"footerAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;academics-the-arts&quot;,&quot;performing-arts&quot;,&quot;theater&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9781118017227&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-63221b17f248d\"></div></div>","rightAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_right_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_right_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;academics-the-arts&quot;,&quot;performing-arts&quot;,&quot;theater&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9781118017227&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-63221b17f2d3e\"></div></div>"},"articleType":{"articleType":"Cheat Sheet","articleList":[{"articleId":188019,"title":"Speaking Like a Playwright","slug":"speaking-like-a-playwright","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/188019"}},{"articleId":188022,"title":"Putting Lifelike Characters on Stage","slug":"putting-lifelike-characters-on-stage","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/188022"}},{"articleId":188021,"title":"Making Character Dialogue Sound Natural","slug":"making-character-dialogue-sound-natural","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/188021"}},{"articleId":188023,"title":"How to Start the Play You're Writing","slug":"how-to-start-the-play-youre-writing","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/188023"}},{"articleId":188020,"title":"Scriptwriting: How to End Your Play","slug":"scriptwriting-how-to-end-your-play","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/188020"}}],"content":[{"title":"Speaking like a playwright","thumb":null,"image":null,"content":"<p>When you’re ready to develop your idea for a play, you need to express it in terms that other playwrights and theater people understand. Here are some of the more common playwriting terms:</p>\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Protagonist:</b> The main character of your story; the character with a mission</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Antagonist:</b> A character or thing that stands in your protagonist’s way</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Conflict:</b> The opposing objectives of your protagonist and antagonist</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Arc, spine, or through-line:</b> The story line; what the audience is waiting to find out</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Stakes:</b> What the characters stand to gain or lose if they succeed or fail</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Inciting incident:</b> The event that launches the protagonist and gets the plot going</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Backstory:</b> Events that have taken place in the past</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Exposition:</b> The motivated revelation of the backstory through dialogue</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Actions:</b> Things said or done by the characters to achieve their objectives</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Rising action:</b> The protagonist’s uphill journey, alternating gains and setbacks</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Climax:</b> The final confrontation between the protagonist and the antagonist</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Resolution:</b> The aftermath of the climax; how the dust settles</p>\n</li>\n</ul>\n"},{"title":"Putting lifelike characters on stage","thumb":null,"image":null,"content":"<p>The characters in your play must be fully developed, as close to real people as you can make them. The keys to creating believable characters are <i>details</i> and <i>specificity.</i> If you know your characters as well as you know your best friends, you’re more likely to know what they will do under the circumstances of your play.</p>\n<p>So, write mini-biographies of all your characters. The time you invest in doing this will pay off later. Here are some of the things you should know about all of your characters and why:</p>\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Parents and childhood:</b> Parents, even absent ones, have a profound influence on their kids. Also, a person&#8217;s childhood impacts their adulthood in many ways.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Siblings:</b> Relationships later in life can be influenced by experiences with siblings.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Schooling:</b> Education, or the lack of it, can influence a person’s daily life.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Work:</b> People often measure themselves by their work and earnings.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Relationships:</b> People who are married or in committed relationships usually behave and think differently than single folks.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Religion:</b> People’s choices and behaviors can be powerfully influenced by religion.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Politics:</b> Political beliefs can strongly affect what that person chooses to do.</p>\n</li>\n</ul>\n"},{"title":"Making character dialogue sound natural","thumb":null,"image":null,"content":"<p>Dialogue is the primary and most important component in playwriting. The principal purpose of dialogue is to advance the action of the play. Though dialogue sounds like natural conversation, every word of dialogue you write for a character — whether it reveals his aspirations, frustrations, motivations, or intentions — should be crafted to help him achieve his objective.</p>\n<p>Here are some of the dos and don’ts of dialogue:</p>\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Use the “rule of three” for important info.</b> If the audience needs to know and remember some bit of information in order to understand what’s going on, repeat that information three times in different ways to cement it in the minds of audiences.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Characters shouldn’t, you know, talk perfectly.</b> In life, people don’t speak perfect English when they converse. Listen to how people speak and try to recreate realistic-sounding speech patterns, flaws and all.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Avoid using clichés in dialogue.</b> Not to “beat a dead horse,” but clichés make dialogue sound dull and uninspired.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Don’t overuse character names in dialogue.</b> People don’t address each other by name in every sentence they speak, because it sounds silly. <i>(Mary, you look great. Thank you, Tom. Do you want watch a movie, Mary? Yes, Tom.)</i> Use character names in dialogue early and then sparingly.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>The beginning of a line shouldn’t echo the end of the prior line.</b> The dialogue of one character need not repeat what was said by the other.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Avoid dialogue that’s really speechifying.</b> Avoid having characters speak lines and lines of dialogue without interruption. In life, people usually alternate sentences in conversation, even cutting in on each other. Try to capture the rhythm of real speech.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Keep your agenda out of the dialogue.</b> Let the theme of your play be conveyed by events, not dialogue. If you have to tell the audience what the point of your play is, then the play probably isn’t working as well as it should.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Avoid phonetically spelling out accents and dialects.</b> Just spell the words normally and make sure you cast an actor who can speak with a Spanish accent, for example.</p>\n</li>\n</ul>\n"},{"title":"How to start your play","thumb":null,"image":null,"content":"<p>The opening of your play needs to grab the audience; otherwise the battle is lost before it begins. Following, are some of the elements of a strong start:</p>\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Start your play as far into the story as possible.</b> Pick a <i>point of attack </i>(opening scenario) that’s well into the story, just before the inciting incident.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Upset the status quo.</b> Be sure that something happens early on (the <i>inciting incident</i>) to upset the world of your protagonist, launching her on a mission to set things right.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Give your protagonist a critical mission.</b> The audience will get behind your protagonist if what your protagonist is after — the goal— is urgent, important, and crystal clear to the audience.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Be sure that the antagonist provides strong obstacles.</b> The more even the battle, the greater the suspense.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Get the backstory in.</b> Throughout the play, when it’s necessary to do so, gradually weave into the dialogue the <i>backstory,</i> relevant events that happened before the start of the play.</p>\n</li>\n</ul>\n"},{"title":"How to end your play","thumb":null,"image":null,"content":"<p>One of your responsibilities as playwright is to deliver a satisfying end to the play. You don’t necessarily have to write a happy ending or even an ending audiences would have wanted. You need an ending that seems truthful, plausible (given the circumstances), and, in retrospect, maybe even inevitable.</p>\n<p>Use the following tips to build to and execute a satisfying ending:</p>\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Make the obstacles tougher and tougher.</b> Be sure the setbacks your protagonist has to deal with are not easy and that they get tougher as the story progresses.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Create a cause and effect structure.</b> Each moment and scene should lead to the next. (Although they happen in life, random events and particularly convenient coincidences aren’t dramatically satisfying in plays.)</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Create a climactic moment that brings together your protagonist and antagonist in one final showdown.</b> The entire play builds toward this moment when the protagonist meets his fate and the story line, if not the play, is concluded.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Come to the earned conclusion.</b> The conclusion should be justified by the events that came before. An <i>earned conclusion </i>is a relevant and plausible ending that’s appropriate to the story you’re telling.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Avoid cheat endings.</b> The <i>deus ex machina</i> ending involves a person or thing that appears suddenly and out of nowhere to provide a contrived and convenient solution to the problem of the play. Audiences don’t like this “cheat.” They expect the protagonist to find (or not find) their own way out of the situation.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Tie up loose ends in the resolution.</b> The resolution, which comes just before the curtain falls, provides the opportunity for the audience to see the landscape in the world of the play after the climactic storm, big or small. This is where you should tie up any unresolved strands of the story.</p>\n</li>\n</ul>\n"}],"videoInfo":{"videoId":null,"name":null,"accountId":null,"playerId":null,"thumbnailUrl":null,"description":null,"uploadDate":null}},"sponsorship":{"sponsorshipPage":false,"backgroundImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"brandingLine":"","brandingLink":"","brandingLogo":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"sponsorAd":"","sponsorEbookTitle":"","sponsorEbookLink":"","sponsorEbookImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0}},"primaryLearningPath":"Advance","lifeExpectancy":"Two years","lifeExpectancySetFrom":"2023-01-26T00:00:00+00:00","dummiesForKids":"no","sponsoredContent":"no","adInfo":"","adPairKey":[]},"status":"publish","visibility":"public","articleId":208633},{"headers":{"creationTime":"2017-03-26T15:58:53+00:00","modifiedTime":"2017-04-26T15:28:01+00:00","timestamp":"2023-09-14T18:14:36+00:00"},"data":{"breadcrumbs":[{"name":"Academics & The Arts","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33662"},"slug":"academics-the-arts","categoryId":33662},{"name":"Performing Arts","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33747"},"slug":"performing-arts","categoryId":33747},{"name":"Theater","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33750"},"slug":"theater","categoryId":33750}],"title":"Tips for Great Voice-Over Performances","strippedTitle":"tips for great voice-over performances","slug":"tips-for-great-voice-over-performances","canonicalUrl":"","手机搜素网页汽车刹车系统简化":{"metaDescription":"When giving a great performance as a voice actor, you need to get a strong feel for the script writer’s intentions for writing the script. Get inside the script","noIndex":0,"noFollow":0},"content":"When giving a great performance as a voice actor, you need to get a strong feel for the script writer’s intentions for writing the script. Get inside the script and read between the lines. The following tips can help you to more fully understand what the writer intended and better inform your read:\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Know your character.</b> Find out all you can about your character in order to give the most believable performance, which includes how old your character is, what motivates your character, your character’s priorities, and so on.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Know your audience.</b> To whom are you speaking? Every good voice actor has a clear idea of who his or her target audience is and why what he or she is saying is meaningful to the listener.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Research the location and its environment.</b> Setting the scene is important. Find out details that can support your interpretation of the script, including accents if required and ambient sounds.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Be sensitive to context.</b> Take in the full picture before you decide how you’ll read a script. Everything is connected to each other, including characters. Understanding the entire script is crucial to delivering an informed read.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Visualize the location, your surroundings, and your character.</b> Imagine where your character is, what’s going on around him or her, and how the character fits into the story. You may want to use photographs as a visual guide or inspiration for painting pictures with your words.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Listen to music of the time period.</b> Are you looking for another way to gain insight into the world your character lives in? If you have a date or an era to reference, try to locate music of that time and immerse yourself in what may be the soundtrack of their life.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Identify your character’s contemporaries, whether real or imagined.</b> When creating a character, understanding who your character chooses to surround him or herself with tells you a lot about your character as a person. If your character lived sometime in the past, research people who lived at that time to get a clearer picture of who your character is and how he or she related to contemporaries.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Practice speaking in character when talking to other people.</b> Are you able to speak as your character, even when you’re not reading from a script? Conversing as your character with others is a good test of how well you know your character, how he or she would say things, and what makes him or her tick.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Know how the story ends before you get there.</b> There’s nothing worse than a narrator who is just as surprised as his or her audience. Reading the full script through before recording can ensure that you aren’t caught by surprise, and you can create a better overall performance.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>","description":"When giving a great performance as a voice actor, you need to get a strong feel for the script writer’s intentions for writing the script. Get inside the script and read between the lines. The following tips can help you to more fully understand what the writer intended and better inform your read:\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Know your character.</b> Find out all you can about your character in order to give the most believable performance, which includes how old your character is, what motivates your character, your character’s priorities, and so on.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Know your audience.</b> To whom are you speaking? Every good voice actor has a clear idea of who his or her target audience is and why what he or she is saying is meaningful to the listener.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Research the location and its environment.</b> Setting the scene is important. Find out details that can support your interpretation of the script, including accents if required and ambient sounds.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Be sensitive to context.</b> Take in the full picture before you decide how you’ll read a script. Everything is connected to each other, including characters. Understanding the entire script is crucial to delivering an informed read.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Visualize the location, your surroundings, and your character.</b> Imagine where your character is, what’s going on around him or her, and how the character fits into the story. You may want to use photographs as a visual guide or inspiration for painting pictures with your words.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Listen to music of the time period.</b> Are you looking for another way to gain insight into the world your character lives in? If you have a date or an era to reference, try to locate music of that time and immerse yourself in what may be the soundtrack of their life.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Identify your character’s contemporaries, whether real or imagined.</b> When creating a character, understanding who your character chooses to surround him or herself with tells you a lot about your character as a person. If your character lived sometime in the past, research people who lived at that time to get a clearer picture of who your character is and how he or she related to contemporaries.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Practice speaking in character when talking to other people.</b> Are you able to speak as your character, even when you’re not reading from a script? Conversing as your character with others is a good test of how well you know your character, how he or she would say things, and what makes him or her tick.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Know how the story ends before you get there.</b> There’s nothing worse than a narrator who is just as surprised as his or her audience. Reading the full script through before recording can ensure that you aren’t caught by surprise, and you can create a better overall performance.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>","blurb":"","authors":[{"authorId":9833,"name":"David Ciccarelli","slug":"david-ciccarelli","description":" <p><b>Stephanie Ciccarell</b>i and <b>David Ciccarelli</b> are the founders of Voices.com, the largest global web hub for voice actors. For approximately the past eight years, Stephanie, David, and their team have grown Voices.com from the ground up to become the leader in the industry.</p>","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/9833"}},{"authorId":9834,"name":"Stephanie Ciccarelli","slug":"stephanie-ciccarelli","description":" <p><b>Stephanie Ciccarell</b>i and <b>David Ciccarelli</b> are the founders of Voices.com, the largest global web hub for voice actors. For approximately the past eight years, Stephanie, David, and their team have grown Voices.com from the ground up to become the leader in the industry.</p>","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/9834"}}],"primaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":33750,"title":"Theater","slug":"theater","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33750"}},"secondaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"tertiaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"trendingArticles":null,"inThisArticle":[],"relatedArticles":{"fromBook":[{"articleId":208135,"title":"Voice Acting For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"voice-acting-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/208135"}},{"articleId":171661,"title":"Creative Ways to Market Yourself as a Voice Actor","slug":"creative-ways-to-market-yourself-as-a-voice-actor","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/171661"}},{"articleId":171645,"title":"Must-Have Demos to Showcase Your Voice Acting","slug":"must-have-demos-to-showcase-your-voice-acting","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/171645"}}],"fromCategory":[{"articleId":209343,"title":"Breaking Into Acting For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"breaking-into-acting-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/209343"}},{"articleId":208633,"title":"Playwriting For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"playwriting-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/208633"}},{"articleId":208135,"title":"Voice Acting For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"voice-acting-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/208135"}},{"articleId":201309,"title":"Figuring Out What You Need to Succeed in Acting","slug":"figuring-out-what-you-need-to-succeed-in-acting","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/201309"}},{"articleId":201284,"title":"Fine-Tuning Your Acting Performance on Film","slug":"fine-tuning-your-acting-performance-on-film","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/201284"}}]},"hasRelatedBookFromSearch":false,"relatedBook":{"bookId":282662,"slug":"voice-acting-for-dummies","isbn":"9781118399583","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"amazon":{"default":"//www.amazon.com/gp/product/1118399587/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","ca":"//www.amazon.ca/gp/product/1118399587/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","indigo_ca":"//www.tkqlhce.com/click-9208661-13710633?url=//www.chapters.indigo.ca/en-ca/books/product/1118399587-item.html&cjsku=978111945484","gb":"//www.amazon.co.uk/gp/product/1118399587/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","de":"//www.amazon.de/gp/product/1118399587/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20"},"image":{"src":"//coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/voice-acting-for-dummies-cover-9781118399583-201x255.jpg","width":201,"height":255},"title":"Voice Acting For Dummies","testBankPinActivationLink":"","bookOutOfPrint":false,"authorsInfo":"<p><b data-author-id=\"9834\">Stephanie Ciccarell</b>i and <b data-author-id=\"9833\">David Ciccarelli</b> are the founders of Voices.com, the largest global web hub for voice actors. For approximately the past eight years, Stephanie, David, and their team have grown Voices.com from the ground up to become the leader in the industry.</p>","authors":[{"authorId":9833,"name":"David Ciccarelli","slug":"david-ciccarelli","description":" <p><b>Stephanie Ciccarell</b>i and <b>David Ciccarelli</b> are the founders of Voices.com, the largest global web hub for voice actors. For approximately the past eight years, Stephanie, David, and their team have grown Voices.com from the ground up to become the leader in the industry.</p>","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/9833"}},{"authorId":9834,"name":"Stephanie Ciccarelli","slug":"stephanie-ciccarelli","description":" <p><b>Stephanie Ciccarell</b>i and <b>David Ciccarelli</b> are the founders of Voices.com, the largest global web hub for voice actors. For approximately the past eight years, Stephanie, David, and their team have grown Voices.com from the ground up to become the leader in the industry.</p>","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/9834"}}],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/books/"}},"collections":[],"articleAds":{"footerAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;academics-the-arts&quot;,&quot;performing-arts&quot;,&quot;theater&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9781118399583&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-63221a0c1650e\"></div></div>","rightAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_right_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_right_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;academics-the-arts&quot;,&quot;performing-arts&quot;,&quot;theater&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9781118399583&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-63221a0c16a60\"></div></div>"},"articleType":{"articleType":"Articles","articleList":null,"content":null,"videoInfo":{"videoId":null,"name":null,"accountId":null,"playerId":null,"thumbnailUrl":null,"description":null,"uploadDate":null}},"sponsorship":{"sponsorshipPage":false,"backgroundImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"brandingLine":"","brandingLink":"","brandingLogo":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"sponsorAd":"","sponsorEbookTitle":"","sponsorEbookLink":"","sponsorEbookImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0}},"primaryLearningPath":"Advance","lifeExpectancy":null,"lifeExpectancySetFrom":null,"dummiesForKids":"no","sponsoredContent":"no","adInfo":"","adPairKey":[]},"status":"publish","visibility":"public","articleId":171667},{"headers":{"creationTime":"2017-03-26T15:58:42+00:00","modifiedTime":"2017-04-26T15:27:06+00:00","timestamp":"2023-09-14T18:14:35+00:00"},"data":{"breadcrumbs":[{"name":"Academics & The Arts","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33662"},"slug":"academics-the-arts","categoryId":33662},{"name":"Performing Arts","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33747"},"slug":"performing-arts","categoryId":33747},{"name":"Theater","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33750"},"slug":"theater","categoryId":33750}],"title":"Must-Have Demos to Showcase Your Voice Acting","strippedTitle":"must-have demos to showcase your voice acting","slug":"must-have-demos-to-showcase-your-voice-acting","canonicalUrl":"","手机搜素网页汽车刹车系统简化":{"metaDescription":"As a voice actor, you need to have recorded demos that indicate your abilities and skills to prospective clients. Voice-over demos fall into four main categorie","noIndex":0,"noFollow":0},"content":"As a voice actor, you need to have recorded demos that indicate your abilities and skills to prospective clients. Voice-over demos fall into four main categories, each having their own purpose, style of performance, intended audience.\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Commercial:</b> These demos last 60 to 90 seconds, and they’re usually a montage of four to five snippets from radio and television ads. They should highlight a full range of emotions, selling styles, moods, and characters.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Narration:</b> These demos last 60 seconds to five minutes, and they usually are a read excerpt that gives your listener a taste of the narrator’s style. With this type of demo, you want to demonstrate your ability with narration, characterization, and consistency in tone and pace.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Animation:</b> These demos last one to two minutes that demonstrate a wide range of characters. You want to showcase your ability with humor, characterization, accents, and comedic elements.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Promo:</b> They should last one to two minutes and promote a comedy, a drama, a news intro, and a movie trailer.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>","description":"As a voice actor, you need to have recorded demos that indicate your abilities and skills to prospective clients. Voice-over demos fall into four main categories, each having their own purpose, style of performance, intended audience.\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Commercial:</b> These demos last 60 to 90 seconds, and they’re usually a montage of four to five snippets from radio and television ads. They should highlight a full range of emotions, selling styles, moods, and characters.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Narration:</b> These demos last 60 seconds to five minutes, and they usually are a read excerpt that gives your listener a taste of the narrator’s style. With this type of demo, you want to demonstrate your ability with narration, characterization, and consistency in tone and pace.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Animation:</b> These demos last one to two minutes that demonstrate a wide range of characters. You want to showcase your ability with humor, characterization, accents, and comedic elements.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Promo:</b> They should last one to two minutes and promote a comedy, a drama, a news intro, and a movie trailer.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>","blurb":"","authors":[{"authorId":9833,"name":"David Ciccarelli","slug":"david-ciccarelli","description":" <p><b>Stephanie Ciccarell</b>i and <b>David Ciccarelli</b> are the founders of Voices.com, the largest global web hub for voice actors. For approximately the past eight years, Stephanie, David, and their team have grown Voices.com from the ground up to become the leader in the industry.</p>","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/9833"}},{"authorId":9834,"name":"Stephanie Ciccarelli","slug":"stephanie-ciccarelli","description":" <p><b>Stephanie Ciccarell</b>i and <b>David Ciccarelli</b> are the founders of Voices.com, the largest global web hub for voice actors. For approximately the past eight years, Stephanie, David, and their team have grown Voices.com from the ground up to become the leader in the industry.</p>","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/9834"}}],"primaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":33750,"title":"Theater","slug":"theater","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33750"}},"secondaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"tertiaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"trendingArticles":null,"inThisArticle":[],"relatedArticles":{"fromBook":[{"articleId":208135,"title":"Voice Acting For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"voice-acting-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/208135"}},{"articleId":171667,"title":"Tips for Great Voice-Over Performances","slug":"tips-for-great-voice-over-performances","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/171667"}},{"articleId":171661,"title":"Creative Ways to Market Yourself as a Voice Actor","slug":"creative-ways-to-market-yourself-as-a-voice-actor","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/171661"}}],"fromCategory":[{"articleId":209343,"title":"Breaking Into Acting For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"breaking-into-acting-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/209343"}},{"articleId":208633,"title":"Playwriting For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"playwriting-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/208633"}},{"articleId":208135,"title":"Voice Acting For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"voice-acting-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/208135"}},{"articleId":201309,"title":"Figuring Out What You Need to Succeed in Acting","slug":"figuring-out-what-you-need-to-succeed-in-acting","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/201309"}},{"articleId":201284,"title":"Fine-Tuning Your Acting Performance on Film","slug":"fine-tuning-your-acting-performance-on-film","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/201284"}}]},"hasRelatedBookFromSearch":false,"relatedBook":{"bookId":282662,"slug":"voice-acting-for-dummies","isbn":"9781118399583","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"amazon":{"default":"//www.amazon.com/gp/product/1118399587/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","ca":"//www.amazon.ca/gp/product/1118399587/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","indigo_ca":"//www.tkqlhce.com/click-9208661-13710633?url=//www.chapters.indigo.ca/en-ca/books/product/1118399587-item.html&cjsku=978111945484","gb":"//www.amazon.co.uk/gp/product/1118399587/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","de":"//www.amazon.de/gp/product/1118399587/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20"},"image":{"src":"//coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/voice-acting-for-dummies-cover-9781118399583-201x255.jpg","width":201,"height":255},"title":"Voice Acting For Dummies","testBankPinActivationLink":"","bookOutOfPrint":false,"authorsInfo":"<p><b data-author-id=\"9834\">Stephanie Ciccarell</b>i and <b data-author-id=\"9833\">David Ciccarelli</b> are the founders of Voices.com, the largest global web hub for voice actors. For approximately the past eight years, Stephanie, David, and their team have grown Voices.com from the ground up to become the leader in the industry.</p>","authors":[{"authorId":9833,"name":"David Ciccarelli","slug":"david-ciccarelli","description":" <p><b>Stephanie Ciccarell</b>i and <b>David Ciccarelli</b> are the founders of Voices.com, the largest global web hub for voice actors. For approximately the past eight years, Stephanie, David, and their team have grown Voices.com from the ground up to become the leader in the industry.</p>","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/9833"}},{"authorId":9834,"name":"Stephanie Ciccarelli","slug":"stephanie-ciccarelli","description":" <p><b>Stephanie Ciccarell</b>i and <b>David Ciccarelli</b> are the founders of Voices.com, the largest global web hub for voice actors. For approximately the past eight years, Stephanie, David, and their team have grown Voices.com from the ground up to become the leader in the industry.</p>","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/9834"}}],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/books/"}},"collections":[],"articleAds":{"footerAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;academics-the-arts&quot;,&quot;performing-arts&quot;,&quot;theater&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9781118399583&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-63221a0bef6ac\"></div></div>","rightAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_right_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_right_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;academics-the-arts&quot;,&quot;performing-arts&quot;,&quot;theater&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9781118399583&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-63221a0bf1a2f\"></div></div>"},"articleType":{"articleType":"Articles","articleList":null,"content":null,"videoInfo":{"videoId":null,"name":null,"accountId":null,"playerId":null,"thumbnailUrl":null,"description":null,"uploadDate":null}},"sponsorship":{"sponsorshipPage":false,"backgroundImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"brandingLine":"","brandingLink":"","brandingLogo":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"sponsorAd":"","sponsorEbookTitle":"","sponsorEbookLink":"","sponsorEbookImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0}},"primaryLearningPath":"Advance","lifeExpectancy":null,"lifeExpectancySetFrom":null,"dummiesForKids":"no","sponsoredContent":"no","adInfo":"","adPairKey":[]},"status":"publish","visibility":"public","articleId":171645},{"headers":{"creationTime":"2017-03-26T22:46:57+00:00","modifiedTime":"2017-04-26T15:26:37+00:00","timestamp":"2023-09-14T18:14:35+00:00"},"data":{"breadcrumbs":[{"name":"Academics & The Arts","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33662"},"slug":"academics-the-arts","categoryId":33662},{"name":"Performing Arts","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33747"},"slug":"performing-arts","categoryId":33747},{"name":"Theater","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33750"},"slug":"theater","categoryId":33750}],"title":"Getting Acquainted with Producers and Directors","strippedTitle":"getting acquainted with producers and directors","slug":"getting-acquainted-with-producers-and-directors","canonicalUrl":"","手机搜素网页汽车刹车系统简化":{"metaDescription":"There's no business like show business. But show business, like any business, depends on people. And two of the most important types of people that you'll meet ","noIndex":0,"noFollow":0},"content":"There's no business like show business. But show business, like any business, depends on people. And two of the most important types of people that you'll meet in the film and television business are <em>producers</em> and <em>directors</em>.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab1\" >Producers: The champions of every project</h2>\r\nShow business is full of great ideas, but nothing happens until a producer takes the initiative to turn a good idea into a finished product. Producers are responsible for guiding a project from a raw idea or script to a finished film, play, TV show, or commercial. Producers spend the most time on a project and often risk losing money or their reputation if the project never gets completed (or gets completed poorly). So the overriding goal of a producer is to create a quality product that's both marketable and profitable as quickly and inexpensively as possible.\r\n\r\nBasically, producers do the following:\r\n<ul>\r\n\t<li>Search for and obtain the rights to a story or script that has the potential to be both interesting and profitable.</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<ul>\r\n\t<li>Get money to finance the project. (The money can come from a studio, a production company, individual investors, the producer's own bank account, or wherever the producer can get it.)</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<ul>\r\n\t<li>Hire a director and writer to work on the project.</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<ul>\r\n\t<li>Audition actors and ultimately help decide which actors to cast.</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<ul>\r\n\t<li>Oversee the filming, taping, or rehearsals of a film, TV show, play, or commercial.</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<ul>\r\n\t<li>Supervise the editing of the project.</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<ul>\r\n\t<li>Work with studios or distribution companies to market and distribute a project.</li>\r\n</ul>\r\nProducers also have the less than enviable job of soothing frayed egos and dealing with problems that may occur between the director and stars on the set. When directors and stars can't agree on the way a project is developing, one or both of them may threaten to walk out of the project (or actually do it), citing creative differences. Sometimes, the producer has to replace the director or star, and sometimes, the producer can convince the warring parties to stick together long enough to finish the project (and hopefully do a great job despite any professional or personal disagreements between them).\r\n<p class=\"Remember\">Until you're a big star, you may work on a project without ever talking to the producer. When you're on a set and you have a problem, talk to the line producer or one of the line producer's assistants. While the producer takes care of the overall details of finishing a project, a <i>line producer</i> worries about the day-to-day details of getting a project completed, such as telling you what time to return to the set the next day and helping you with any problems involving your costume.</p>\r\n<!-- break -->\r\n<h2 id=\"tab2\" >Directors: The bosses on the set</h2>\r\nAfter the producer, the director is usually the second most powerful person involved with a project. Directors typically do the following:\r\n<ul>\r\n\t<li>Help the casting director decide which actors to hire for the major roles</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<ul>\r\n\t<li>Control the creative aspects of the set, including lighting, background design, and camera angles</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<ul>\r\n\t<li>Work with the actors on a daily basis to shoot the various scenes inthe script</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<ul>\r\n\t<li>Polish the final film prior to its official release</li>\r\n</ul>\r\nThe lighting and set designers may create the actual backgrounds, but the director has the final say on whether to alter the look, add more lighting, or film the set from a particular angle. The director determines the overall mood and tone of the final production. The actors' roles comprise just one of many pieces that the director has to juggle when completing a production.\r\n\r\nAfter shooting a film, the director (along with the producer and, occasionally, the writer and an actor or two) remains with the project in post-production, where scenes may be cut or rearranged and sound effects and music added. In some cases, the director may need the actors to dub in their dialogue in scenes where the existing dialogue doesn't sound right due to technical difficulties, an airplane flying overhead at the wrong time, or any number of problems.\r\n<p class=\"Tip\">On a set, any number of things can go wrong, from light bulbs burning out to costumes being torn. Every problem that delays the production is likely to fall on the director to fix, so, as an actor, do your job, stay out of everyone else's way, and be flexible. If you do, the director will remember you as an actor who's easy to work with, which increases the chances that the director will want to use you in the next project he directs.</p>","description":"There's no business like show business. But show business, like any business, depends on people. And two of the most important types of people that you'll meet in the film and television business are <em>producers</em> and <em>directors</em>.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab1\" >Producers: The champions of every project</h2>\r\nShow business is full of great ideas, but nothing happens until a producer takes the initiative to turn a good idea into a finished product. Producers are responsible for guiding a project from a raw idea or script to a finished film, play, TV show, or commercial. Producers spend the most time on a project and often risk losing money or their reputation if the project never gets completed (or gets completed poorly). So the overriding goal of a producer is to create a quality product that's both marketable and profitable as quickly and inexpensively as possible.\r\n\r\nBasically, producers do the following:\r\n<ul>\r\n\t<li>Search for and obtain the rights to a story or script that has the potential to be both interesting and profitable.</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<ul>\r\n\t<li>Get money to finance the project. (The money can come from a studio, a production company, individual investors, the producer's own bank account, or wherever the producer can get it.)</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<ul>\r\n\t<li>Hire a director and writer to work on the project.</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<ul>\r\n\t<li>Audition actors and ultimately help decide which actors to cast.</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<ul>\r\n\t<li>Oversee the filming, taping, or rehearsals of a film, TV show, play, or commercial.</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<ul>\r\n\t<li>Supervise the editing of the project.</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<ul>\r\n\t<li>Work with studios or distribution companies to market and distribute a project.</li>\r\n</ul>\r\nProducers also have the less than enviable job of soothing frayed egos and dealing with problems that may occur between the director and stars on the set. When directors and stars can't agree on the way a project is developing, one or both of them may threaten to walk out of the project (or actually do it), citing creative differences. Sometimes, the producer has to replace the director or star, and sometimes, the producer can convince the warring parties to stick together long enough to finish the project (and hopefully do a great job despite any professional or personal disagreements between them).\r\n<p class=\"Remember\">Until you're a big star, you may work on a project without ever talking to the producer. When you're on a set and you have a problem, talk to the line producer or one of the line producer's assistants. While the producer takes care of the overall details of finishing a project, a <i>line producer</i> worries about the day-to-day details of getting a project completed, such as telling you what time to return to the set the next day and helping you with any problems involving your costume.</p>\r\n<!-- break -->\r\n<h2 id=\"tab2\" >Directors: The bosses on the set</h2>\r\nAfter the producer, the director is usually the second most powerful person involved with a project. Directors typically do the following:\r\n<ul>\r\n\t<li>Help the casting director decide which actors to hire for the major roles</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<ul>\r\n\t<li>Control the creative aspects of the set, including lighting, background design, and camera angles</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<ul>\r\n\t<li>Work with the actors on a daily basis to shoot the various scenes inthe script</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<ul>\r\n\t<li>Polish the final film prior to its official release</li>\r\n</ul>\r\nThe lighting and set designers may create the actual backgrounds, but the director has the final say on whether to alter the look, add more lighting, or film the set from a particular angle. The director determines the overall mood and tone of the final production. The actors' roles comprise just one of many pieces that the director has to juggle when completing a production.\r\n\r\nAfter shooting a film, the director (along with the producer and, occasionally, the writer and an actor or two) remains with the project in post-production, where scenes may be cut or rearranged and sound effects and music added. In some cases, the director may need the actors to dub in their dialogue in scenes where the existing dialogue doesn't sound right due to technical difficulties, an airplane flying overhead at the wrong time, or any number of problems.\r\n<p class=\"Tip\">On a set, any number of things can go wrong, from light bulbs burning out to costumes being torn. Every problem that delays the production is likely to fall on the director to fix, so, as an actor, do your job, stay out of everyone else's way, and be flexible. If you do, the director will remember you as an actor who's easy to work with, which increases the chances that the director will want to use you in the next project he directs.</p>","blurb":"","authors":[{"authorId":10530,"name":"Larry Garrison","slug":"larry-garrison","description":" <p><b>Larry Garrison</b> is President of SilverCreek Entertainment. He&#8217;s worked as a producer/actor in TV and film in Los Angeles for more than 30 years. His company has produced news stories for ABC and NBC News.</p> <p><b>Wallace Wang</b> is a stand-up comedian and the author of more than 10 bestselling <i>For Dummies</i> books. He focuses on screenwriting, movies, and comedy.</p> ","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/10530"}},{"authorId":9043,"name":"Wallace Wang","slug":"wallace-wang","description":" <p><b>Wallace Wang</b> specializes in making complex topics understandable. His assorted <i>For Dummies</i> tech books have sold nearly half a million copies. He has a master&#8217;s degree in computer science along with side hustles in stand-up comedy and screenwriting because life is too short to focus on just one thing.</p> ","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/9043"}}],"primaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":33750,"title":"Theater","slug":"theater","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33750"}},"secondaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"tertiaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"trendingArticles":null,"inThisArticle":[{"label":"Producers: The champions of every project","target":"#tab1"},{"label":"Directors: The bosses on the set","target":"#tab2"}],"relatedArticles":{"fromBook":[{"articleId":209343,"title":"Breaking Into Acting For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"breaking-into-acting-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/209343"}},{"articleId":201309,"title":"Figuring Out What You Need to Succeed in Acting","slug":"figuring-out-what-you-need-to-succeed-in-acting","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/201309"}},{"articleId":201284,"title":"Fine-Tuning Your Acting Performance on Film","slug":"fine-tuning-your-acting-performance-on-film","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/201284"}},{"articleId":200876,"title":"Auditioning for an Acting Role: What to Expect","slug":"auditioning-for-an-acting-role-what-to-expect","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/200876"}},{"articleId":194784,"title":"How to Prepare for an Acting Audition","slug":"how-to-prepare-for-an-acting-audition","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/194784"}}],"fromCategory":[{"articleId":209343,"title":"Breaking Into Acting For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"breaking-into-acting-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/209343"}},{"articleId":208633,"title":"Playwriting For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"playwriting-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/208633"}},{"articleId":208135,"title":"Voice Acting For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"voice-acting-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/208135"}},{"articleId":201309,"title":"Figuring Out What You Need to Succeed in Acting","slug":"figuring-out-what-you-need-to-succeed-in-acting","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/201309"}},{"articleId":201284,"title":"Fine-Tuning Your Acting Performance on Film","slug":"fine-tuning-your-acting-performance-on-film","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/201284"}}]},"hasRelatedBookFromSearch":false,"relatedBook":{"bookId":282021,"slug":"breaking-into-acting-for-dummies","isbn":"9781119789697","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"amazon":{"default":"//www.amazon.com/gp/product/1119789699/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","ca":"//www.amazon.ca/gp/product/1119789699/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","indigo_ca":"//www.tkqlhce.com/click-9208661-13710633?url=//www.chapters.indigo.ca/en-ca/books/product/1119789699-item.html&cjsku=978111945484","gb":"//www.amazon.co.uk/gp/product/1119789699/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","de":"//www.amazon.de/gp/product/1119789699/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20"},"image":{"src":"//coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/breaking-into-acting-for-dummies-2e-cover-9781119789697-203x255.jpg","width":203,"height":255},"title":"Breaking into Acting For Dummies","testBankPinActivationLink":"","bookOutOfPrint":true,"authorsInfo":"<p><b><b data-author-id=\"10530\">Larry Garrison</b></b> is President of SilverCreek Entertainment. He&#8217;s worked as a producer/actor in TV and film in Los Angeles for more than 30 years. His company has produced news stories for ABC and NBC News.</p> <p><b>Wallace Wang</b> is a stand-up comedian and the author of more than 10 bestselling <i>For Dummies</i> books. He focuses on screenwriting, movies, and comedy.</p> <p><b><b data-author-id=\"9043\">Wallace Wang</b></b> specializes in making complex topics understandable. His assorted <i>For Dummies</i> tech books have sold nearly half a million copies. He has a master&#8217;s degree in computer science along with side hustles in stand-up comedy and screenwriting because life is too short to focus on just one thing.</p>","authors":[{"authorId":10530,"name":"Larry Garrison","slug":"larry-garrison","description":" <p><b>Larry Garrison</b> is President of SilverCreek Entertainment. He&#8217;s worked as a producer/actor in TV and film in Los Angeles for more than 30 years. His company has produced news stories for ABC and NBC News.</p> <p><b>Wallace Wang</b> is a stand-up comedian and the author of more than 10 bestselling <i>For Dummies</i> books. He focuses on screenwriting, movies, and comedy.</p> ","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/10530"}},{"authorId":9043,"name":"Wallace Wang","slug":"wallace-wang","description":" <p><b>Wallace Wang</b> specializes in making complex topics understandable. His assorted <i>For Dummies</i> tech books have sold nearly half a million copies. He has a master&#8217;s degree in computer science along with side hustles in stand-up comedy and screenwriting because life is too short to focus on just one thing.</p> ","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/9043"}}],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/books/"}},"collections":[],"articleAds":{"footerAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;academics-the-arts&quot;,&quot;performing-arts&quot;,&quot;theater&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9781119789697&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-63221a0bd9d52\"></div></div>","rightAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_right_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_right_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;academics-the-arts&quot;,&quot;performing-arts&quot;,&quot;theater&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9781119789697&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-63221a0bda28a\"></div></div>"},"articleType":{"articleType":"Articles","articleList":null,"content":null,"videoInfo":{"videoId":null,"name":null,"accountId":null,"playerId":null,"thumbnailUrl":null,"description":null,"uploadDate":null}},"sponsorship":{"sponsorshipPage":false,"backgroundImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"brandingLine":"","brandingLink":"","brandingLogo":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"sponsorAd":"","sponsorEbookTitle":"","sponsorEbookLink":"","sponsorEbookImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0}},"primaryLearningPath":"Advance","lifeExpectancy":null,"lifeExpectancySetFrom":null,"dummiesForKids":"no","sponsoredContent":"no","adInfo":"","adPairKey":[]},"status":"publish","visibility":"public","articleId":200049},{"headers":{"creationTime":"2017-03-26T22:55:42+00:00","modifiedTime":"2017-04-26T15:23:39+00:00","timestamp":"2023-09-14T18:14:35+00:00"},"data":{"breadcrumbs":[{"name":"Academics & The Arts","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33662"},"slug":"academics-the-arts","categoryId":33662},{"name":"Performing Arts","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33747"},"slug":"performing-arts","categoryId":33747},{"name":"Theater","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33750"},"slug":"theater","categoryId":33750}],"title":"Fine-Tuning Your Acting Performance on Film","strippedTitle":"fine-tuning your acting performance on film","slug":"fine-tuning-your-acting-performance-on-film","canonicalUrl":"","手机搜素网页汽车刹车系统简化":{"metaDescription":"Acting in film and television can require a special set of acting skills. Film and television can show anything from two normal people eating a normal lunch to ","noIndex":0,"noFollow":0},"content":"Acting in film and television can require a special set of acting skills. Film and television can show anything from two normal people eating a normal lunch to microscopic people swimming through someone's arteries, and as an actor, you need to be prepared for how different genres of film and television affect how you act out your role.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab1\" >Acting for the camera</h2>\r\nIn film and television acting, you often don't have the luxury of a live audience giving you feedback of any kind. Instead of a theater full of people, your audience is just a camera, the camera operator, the director, and any sound, light, and makeup technicians who happen to be standing around at the time. This means that you need to use your imagination and pretend that the cameraman staring at you is actually your long-lost lover, or that the stern look on the director's face is actually the friendly face of your best friend. When you play to the camera, you have to project emotions to the unblinking eye of the camera.\r\n\r\nTo help you \"play to the camera,\" keep these ideas in mind:\r\n<ul>\r\n\t<li><b>Know where the camera (or cameras) are at all times.</b> You can give the best performance of your life, but it will be worthless if the camera can't see your face.</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<ul>\r\n\t<li><b>Know what the camera is trying to capture.</b> If the camera is capturing a long shot of you off in the distance, concentrating on arching your eyebrow to convey emotion will just be a waste of time since the camera won't be able to see it.</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<ul>\r\n\t<li><b>Know where the other actors and props are located in relation to the camera.</b> If you step too far forward or back, your body or a simple gesture, such as waving your hand, can block the camera's view of another actor.</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<p class=\"Tip\">Watch a television show or movie on video with the sound turned off. Without any dialogue to guide you, can you guess what the actors are trying to say to each other? Body and facial gestures can convey more information to an audience than you may think. By studying films or television shows with the sound off, you can study how gestures can help (or hinder) an actor's performance on-camera.</p>\r\n<p class=\"Tip\">Videotape yourself performing a monologue and look for inconsistent actions that detract from your character. For example, if you're portraying a tough, confident business-person, twirling your hair around your finger and biting your lower lip probably isn't going to support your character portrayal. Ask your acting coach or instructor to watch your videotape and comment on the type of character that he or she thinks you're portraying. If you think that you're portraying a tough guy but your acting coach thinks that your portrayal represents a timid character, you may need to work on your acting skills so that you can portray different types of characters consistently and accurately.</p>\r\n\r\n<h2 id=\"tab2\" >Acting consistently with different takes</h2>\r\nBecause everything you do in front of the camera is captured on film or videotape, you just have to deliver the best possible performance once and that's it, right? Wrong. In the world of film and television, you don't just perform a scene once. You perform the same scene over and over again, so the director can capture that scene from different angles, or so the actors can try different variations on their acting. The same scene may be shot three or four or ten different times.\r\n<p class=\"Remember\">If a director wants to shoot the same scene over and over, don't take it personally as if you're doing something wrong. Sometimes, the director just wants to capture several different versions of the same scene, so he can choose the best one to use later. Actor John Ritter once did a commercial where he had to kiss a woman on the beach, and the director made him do it over and over and over again. John Ritter couldn't understand what he was doing wrong, so he asked the director. The director told him that he wasn't doing anything wrong. The director just wanted to capture the different appearances of the sunset in the background.</p>\r\n<p class=\"TechnicalStuff\">To maintain consistency from take to take (a <i>take</i> is a short scene that is captured on film or videotape), you have to be aware of continuity each time you perform a scene on camera. (<i>Continuity</i> means making sure your body movements and appearance are identical in every take.)</p>\r\nFrom an actor's point of view, the problem with shooting the same scene over and over again is that the actors never know which scene (or parts of each scene) will ultimately be used, so they need to be consistent in appearance, movement, and acting in every scene. Part of the first scene that they filmed may possibly be used followed by part of the last take of that same scene and ending with part of the fourth take of that same scene. When viewed one after another, the different mish-mash of scene takes need to blend together seamlessly as if the camera recorded the whole scene at once from start to finish.\r\n\r\nTo achieve this illusionary blend of reality, film and television actors must know how to act consistently each time they perform a scene, no matter how many times they need to perform it. For example, if an actor is filming a dinner scene and picks up a glass with his right hand, he needs to remember to keep picking up that same glass with his right hand and not suddenly do a retake of the same scene and pick up the glass with his left hand.\r\n\r\nThe script supervisor is supposed to make sure that the actors perform, dress, and act as closely as possible with each retake of a scene. That way, when the director chooses which scene takes to use, the film or television show gives the illusion that every part of the scene was captured at the same time (even if part of the scene was captured in the morning, another part captured in the afternoon, and the beginning part of the scene captured last).\r\n<p class=\"Remember\">When doing multiple takes, you need to know the difference between acting and action. <i>Acting</i> deals with how you portray a character, while <i>action</i> is what you do with your body and any props. When shooting another take, subtly altering your acting is okay, but make sure that your actions remain exactly the same.</p>\r\n<p class=\"Tip\">To see how well you can maintain consistency in front of the camera, videotape yourself and a fellow actor performing a short scene. Shoot the scene three or four times, and if you have a video editing program for your personal computer (such as <i>iMovie</i> found on the iMac), you can mix and match different parts of each take together. Does the entire scene appear to have been filmed at the same time, or can you notice any glaring differences between parts of the scene (such as your hand resting in your lap in one scene but not in another)? If you notice glaring differences, you may need to work on being more consistent when performing in front of the camera, whether it's the first take or the twenty-third take.</p>\r\n<!-- break -->\r\n<h2 id=\"tab3\" >Successfully acting scenes out of order</h2>\r\nBesides maintaining continuity throughout multiple takes of the same scene, you also have to worry about continuity between different scenes. For financial reasons, film and TV shows are often shot out of order. For example, if a film opens and ends with a scene on the Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco, the director has two choices:\r\n<ul>\r\n\t<li>He can shoot the beginning scene on the Golden Gate Bridge and then move on to shoot the rest of the film until the end when the film crew and actors will need to travel back to the Golden Gate Bridge to film the ending.</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<ul>\r\n\t<li>Or, he can save travel and lodging expenses by shooting both the beginning and ending of the film on the Golden Gate Bridge at the same time (while the actors and film crew are already set up).</li>\r\n</ul>\r\nNot surprisingly, most directors opt to save money and shoot scenes out of order.\r\n\r\nAs a result, on your first day on the set, you may possibly shoot the last scene of the film. Then on the final day on the set, you may shoot the first scene. If your character is supposed to be timid and shy at the beginning of the film but aggressive and domineering by the end, your acting must reflect these characteristics. If you fail to act appropriately in a scene, your character won't make any sense when someone views the scenes in their correct order.\r\n\r\n(Many actors mark up their scripts with notes for how their character should be acting and feeling in every scene. That way, when director shoots a scene out of order, the notes in the actors' scripts can remind them how to portray their characters accurately.)\r\n<p class=\"Tip\">Videotape yourself and your fellow actors performing three consecutive scenes from a play. Now perform and record the last scene, take a 10-minute break, record the first scene, take another break, and, finally, record the middle scene. Rearrange these recorded scenes (by using a video editing program on your personal computer, such as <i>iMovie</i> on an iMac) and play them in order. Do the three scenes appear to flow as if they really did occur one after another? Or does the acting appear jumpy and inconsistent from one scene to the other? If your acting is inconsistent between the different scenes, you may need more work acting in front of the camera.</p>","description":"Acting in film and television can require a special set of acting skills. Film and television can show anything from two normal people eating a normal lunch to microscopic people swimming through someone's arteries, and as an actor, you need to be prepared for how different genres of film and television affect how you act out your role.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab1\" >Acting for the camera</h2>\r\nIn film and television acting, you often don't have the luxury of a live audience giving you feedback of any kind. Instead of a theater full of people, your audience is just a camera, the camera operator, the director, and any sound, light, and makeup technicians who happen to be standing around at the time. This means that you need to use your imagination and pretend that the cameraman staring at you is actually your long-lost lover, or that the stern look on the director's face is actually the friendly face of your best friend. When you play to the camera, you have to project emotions to the unblinking eye of the camera.\r\n\r\nTo help you \"play to the camera,\" keep these ideas in mind:\r\n<ul>\r\n\t<li><b>Know where the camera (or cameras) are at all times.</b> You can give the best performance of your life, but it will be worthless if the camera can't see your face.</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<ul>\r\n\t<li><b>Know what the camera is trying to capture.</b> If the camera is capturing a long shot of you off in the distance, concentrating on arching your eyebrow to convey emotion will just be a waste of time since the camera won't be able to see it.</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<ul>\r\n\t<li><b>Know where the other actors and props are located in relation to the camera.</b> If you step too far forward or back, your body or a simple gesture, such as waving your hand, can block the camera's view of another actor.</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<p class=\"Tip\">Watch a television show or movie on video with the sound turned off. Without any dialogue to guide you, can you guess what the actors are trying to say to each other? Body and facial gestures can convey more information to an audience than you may think. By studying films or television shows with the sound off, you can study how gestures can help (or hinder) an actor's performance on-camera.</p>\r\n<p class=\"Tip\">Videotape yourself performing a monologue and look for inconsistent actions that detract from your character. For example, if you're portraying a tough, confident business-person, twirling your hair around your finger and biting your lower lip probably isn't going to support your character portrayal. Ask your acting coach or instructor to watch your videotape and comment on the type of character that he or she thinks you're portraying. If you think that you're portraying a tough guy but your acting coach thinks that your portrayal represents a timid character, you may need to work on your acting skills so that you can portray different types of characters consistently and accurately.</p>\r\n\r\n<h2 id=\"tab2\" >Acting consistently with different takes</h2>\r\nBecause everything you do in front of the camera is captured on film or videotape, you just have to deliver the best possible performance once and that's it, right? Wrong. In the world of film and television, you don't just perform a scene once. You perform the same scene over and over again, so the director can capture that scene from different angles, or so the actors can try different variations on their acting. The same scene may be shot three or four or ten different times.\r\n<p class=\"Remember\">If a director wants to shoot the same scene over and over, don't take it personally as if you're doing something wrong. Sometimes, the director just wants to capture several different versions of the same scene, so he can choose the best one to use later. Actor John Ritter once did a commercial where he had to kiss a woman on the beach, and the director made him do it over and over and over again. John Ritter couldn't understand what he was doing wrong, so he asked the director. The director told him that he wasn't doing anything wrong. The director just wanted to capture the different appearances of the sunset in the background.</p>\r\n<p class=\"TechnicalStuff\">To maintain consistency from take to take (a <i>take</i> is a short scene that is captured on film or videotape), you have to be aware of continuity each time you perform a scene on camera. (<i>Continuity</i> means making sure your body movements and appearance are identical in every take.)</p>\r\nFrom an actor's point of view, the problem with shooting the same scene over and over again is that the actors never know which scene (or parts of each scene) will ultimately be used, so they need to be consistent in appearance, movement, and acting in every scene. Part of the first scene that they filmed may possibly be used followed by part of the last take of that same scene and ending with part of the fourth take of that same scene. When viewed one after another, the different mish-mash of scene takes need to blend together seamlessly as if the camera recorded the whole scene at once from start to finish.\r\n\r\nTo achieve this illusionary blend of reality, film and television actors must know how to act consistently each time they perform a scene, no matter how many times they need to perform it. For example, if an actor is filming a dinner scene and picks up a glass with his right hand, he needs to remember to keep picking up that same glass with his right hand and not suddenly do a retake of the same scene and pick up the glass with his left hand.\r\n\r\nThe script supervisor is supposed to make sure that the actors perform, dress, and act as closely as possible with each retake of a scene. That way, when the director chooses which scene takes to use, the film or television show gives the illusion that every part of the scene was captured at the same time (even if part of the scene was captured in the morning, another part captured in the afternoon, and the beginning part of the scene captured last).\r\n<p class=\"Remember\">When doing multiple takes, you need to know the difference between acting and action. <i>Acting</i> deals with how you portray a character, while <i>action</i> is what you do with your body and any props. When shooting another take, subtly altering your acting is okay, but make sure that your actions remain exactly the same.</p>\r\n<p class=\"Tip\">To see how well you can maintain consistency in front of the camera, videotape yourself and a fellow actor performing a short scene. Shoot the scene three or four times, and if you have a video editing program for your personal computer (such as <i>iMovie</i> found on the iMac), you can mix and match different parts of each take together. Does the entire scene appear to have been filmed at the same time, or can you notice any glaring differences between parts of the scene (such as your hand resting in your lap in one scene but not in another)? If you notice glaring differences, you may need to work on being more consistent when performing in front of the camera, whether it's the first take or the twenty-third take.</p>\r\n<!-- break -->\r\n<h2 id=\"tab3\" >Successfully acting scenes out of order</h2>\r\nBesides maintaining continuity throughout multiple takes of the same scene, you also have to worry about continuity between different scenes. For financial reasons, film and TV shows are often shot out of order. For example, if a film opens and ends with a scene on the Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco, the director has two choices:\r\n<ul>\r\n\t<li>He can shoot the beginning scene on the Golden Gate Bridge and then move on to shoot the rest of the film until the end when the film crew and actors will need to travel back to the Golden Gate Bridge to film the ending.</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<ul>\r\n\t<li>Or, he can save travel and lodging expenses by shooting both the beginning and ending of the film on the Golden Gate Bridge at the same time (while the actors and film crew are already set up).</li>\r\n</ul>\r\nNot surprisingly, most directors opt to save money and shoot scenes out of order.\r\n\r\nAs a result, on your first day on the set, you may possibly shoot the last scene of the film. Then on the final day on the set, you may shoot the first scene. If your character is supposed to be timid and shy at the beginning of the film but aggressive and domineering by the end, your acting must reflect these characteristics. If you fail to act appropriately in a scene, your character won't make any sense when someone views the scenes in their correct order.\r\n\r\n(Many actors mark up their scripts with notes for how their character should be acting and feeling in every scene. That way, when director shoots a scene out of order, the notes in the actors' scripts can remind them how to portray their characters accurately.)\r\n<p class=\"Tip\">Videotape yourself and your fellow actors performing three consecutive scenes from a play. Now perform and record the last scene, take a 10-minute break, record the first scene, take another break, and, finally, record the middle scene. Rearrange these recorded scenes (by using a video editing program on your personal computer, such as <i>iMovie</i> on an iMac) and play them in order. Do the three scenes appear to flow as if they really did occur one after another? Or does the acting appear jumpy and inconsistent from one scene to the other? If your acting is inconsistent between the different scenes, you may need more work acting in front of the camera.</p>","blurb":"","authors":[{"authorId":10530,"name":"Larry Garrison","slug":"larry-garrison","description":" <p><b>Larry Garrison</b> is President of SilverCreek Entertainment. He&#8217;s worked as a producer/actor in TV and film in Los Angeles for more than 30 years. His company has produced news stories for ABC and NBC News.</p> <p><b>Wallace Wang</b> is a stand-up comedian and the author of more than 10 bestselling <i>For Dummies</i> books. He focuses on screenwriting, movies, and comedy.</p> ","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/10530"}},{"authorId":9043,"name":"Wallace Wang","slug":"wallace-wang","description":" <p><b>Wallace Wang</b> specializes in making complex topics understandable. His assorted <i>For Dummies</i> tech books have sold nearly half a million copies. He has a master&#8217;s degree in computer science along with side hustles in stand-up comedy and screenwriting because life is too short to focus on just one thing.</p> ","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/9043"}}],"primaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":33750,"title":"Theater","slug":"theater","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33750"}},"secondaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"tertiaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"trendingArticles":null,"inThisArticle":[{"label":"Acting for the camera","target":"#tab1"},{"label":"Acting consistently with different takes","target":"#tab2"},{"label":"Successfully acting scenes out of order","target":"#tab3"}],"relatedArticles":{"fromBook":[{"articleId":209343,"title":"Breaking Into Acting For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"breaking-into-acting-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/209343"}},{"articleId":201309,"title":"Figuring Out What You Need to Succeed in Acting","slug":"figuring-out-what-you-need-to-succeed-in-acting","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/201309"}},{"articleId":200876,"title":"Auditioning for an Acting Role: What to Expect","slug":"auditioning-for-an-acting-role-what-to-expect","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/200876"}},{"articleId":200049,"title":"Getting Acquainted with Producers and Directors","slug":"getting-acquainted-with-producers-and-directors","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/200049"}},{"articleId":194784,"title":"How to Prepare for an Acting Audition","slug":"how-to-prepare-for-an-acting-audition","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/194784"}}],"fromCategory":[{"articleId":209343,"title":"Breaking Into Acting For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"breaking-into-acting-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/209343"}},{"articleId":208633,"title":"Playwriting For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"playwriting-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/208633"}},{"articleId":208135,"title":"Voice Acting For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"voice-acting-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/208135"}},{"articleId":201309,"title":"Figuring Out What You Need to Succeed in Acting","slug":"figuring-out-what-you-need-to-succeed-in-acting","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/201309"}},{"articleId":200876,"title":"Auditioning for an Acting Role: What to Expect","slug":"auditioning-for-an-acting-role-what-to-expect","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/200876"}}]},"hasRelatedBookFromSearch":false,"relatedBook":{"bookId":282021,"slug":"breaking-into-acting-for-dummies","isbn":"9781119789697","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"amazon":{"default":"//www.amazon.com/gp/product/1119789699/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","ca":"//www.amazon.ca/gp/product/1119789699/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","indigo_ca":"//www.tkqlhce.com/click-9208661-13710633?url=//www.chapters.indigo.ca/en-ca/books/product/1119789699-item.html&cjsku=978111945484","gb":"//www.amazon.co.uk/gp/product/1119789699/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","de":"//www.amazon.de/gp/product/1119789699/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20"},"image":{"src":"//coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/breaking-into-acting-for-dummies-2e-cover-9781119789697-203x255.jpg","width":203,"height":255},"title":"Breaking into Acting For Dummies","testBankPinActivationLink":"","bookOutOfPrint":true,"authorsInfo":"<p><b><b data-author-id=\"10530\">Larry Garrison</b></b> is President of SilverCreek Entertainment. 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On the other hand, if you truly enjoy acting for the sake of acting, the previously mentioned obstacles will be nothing more than minor nuisances on your way to success — whatever form that success may ultimately take.\r\n\r\nEvery successful actor has to have two skills. One is a certain amount (but not necessarily a lot) of acting talent, which usually comes from a combination of natural ability and constant training. The second skill, and perhaps the more important, is knowing how to market yourself as a product.\r\n\r\nAs an actor, you're a salesperson, and the product that you're selling is you. In order to sell yourself to the people in position to pay for your product (you as an actor), you need a head shot (so people know what you look like), a resume (so people know what experience and skills you have), and the necessary talent to wow a casting director when you audition for a role.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab1\" >An attention-grabbing head shot</h2>\r\nTalent and determination can increase the odds that you'll succeed in show business, but until people know who you are, you're just another face in the crowd. Because you can't possibly introduce yourself to everyone who may be able to advance your career, you have to use a head shot instead.\r\n<p class=\"Remember\">A <i>head shot</i> is a photograph that acts as your calling card by displaying your face for others to see when you can't be present physically. Your head shot should capture your best physical features in order to make casting directors and agents say to themselves, \"I've got to meet this person!\"</p>\r\nBecause head shots can be such a crucial promotional tool, you absolutely must have the best head shot possible, which means finding the best photographer and developing a specific image for your head shot to project.\r\n\r\n<!-- break -->\r\n<h2 id=\"tab2\" >A five-star acting resume</h2>\r\nWhile your head shot projects your physical characteristics, a resume lists the acting experience and unique skills behind your attractive face. After seeing an actor's head shot, casting directors often study an actor's resume to see whether that actor has the ability to perform in a particular role.\r\n\r\nA good acting resume answers any questions a casting director may have about an actor's ability to play a certain role and supplies enough evidence to convince a casting director to choose you. By knowing how to create and present your acting experience and skills in the best light possible, you can use your resume to help you land roles again and again.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab3\" >Polished talent</h2>\r\nEveryone has some talent for acting (think of the last time you called in to work and pretended to be sick so that you could take the day off). Even if you have astounding natural acting talent, you may still want lessons or coaching to nurture and further develop that talent. Here are some of the different ways to polish your acting talent:\r\n<ul>\r\n\t<li>Majoring in drama in school</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<ul>\r\n\t<li>Attending an acting class or workshop</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<ul>\r\n\t<li>Working with an acting coach</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<ul>\r\n\t<li>Learning on the job</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<p class=\"Tip\">If you're serious about becoming an actor and you're already in school, you can't get any better training than performing in your high school or college drama department. Not only does such exposure give you an idea how much fun (and how much of a pain in the neck) acting can be, but it can also teach you all the technical details necessary to put on a play, ranging from creating backdrops and building sets to sewing costumes and marketing the show.</p>\r\nIf you've already graduated or just want to jump right into the world of acting as soon as possible, you can choose from plenty of acting workshops, classes, and coaches available for varying prices. Once again, some acting teachers have better reputations than others, and some charge outrageous amounts of money while others are more reasonable.\r\n<p class=\"Remember\">The best way to develop your acting skills is to keep looking for acting roles wherever you can find them, whether they're lead roles in small plays or bit roles in larger productions. The more experience and knowledge you can gain by acting in a real role and watching others perform, the more you'll discover about the world of acting that no class or coach can ever duplicate.</p>","description":"If the thought of spending years studying acting, working in bit roles, and getting paid sporadically (if at all) depresses you, then maybe acting isn't for you. On the other hand, if you truly enjoy acting for the sake of acting, the previously mentioned obstacles will be nothing more than minor nuisances on your way to success — whatever form that success may ultimately take.\r\n\r\nEvery successful actor has to have two skills. One is a certain amount (but not necessarily a lot) of acting talent, which usually comes from a combination of natural ability and constant training. The second skill, and perhaps the more important, is knowing how to market yourself as a product.\r\n\r\nAs an actor, you're a salesperson, and the product that you're selling is you. In order to sell yourself to the people in position to pay for your product (you as an actor), you need a head shot (so people know what you look like), a resume (so people know what experience and skills you have), and the necessary talent to wow a casting director when you audition for a role.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab1\" >An attention-grabbing head shot</h2>\r\nTalent and determination can increase the odds that you'll succeed in show business, but until people know who you are, you're just another face in the crowd. Because you can't possibly introduce yourself to everyone who may be able to advance your career, you have to use a head shot instead.\r\n<p class=\"Remember\">A <i>head shot</i> is a photograph that acts as your calling card by displaying your face for others to see when you can't be present physically. Your head shot should capture your best physical features in order to make casting directors and agents say to themselves, \"I've got to meet this person!\"</p>\r\nBecause head shots can be such a crucial promotional tool, you absolutely must have the best head shot possible, which means finding the best photographer and developing a specific image for your head shot to project.\r\n\r\n<!-- break -->\r\n<h2 id=\"tab2\" >A five-star acting resume</h2>\r\nWhile your head shot projects your physical characteristics, a resume lists the acting experience and unique skills behind your attractive face. After seeing an actor's head shot, casting directors often study an actor's resume to see whether that actor has the ability to perform in a particular role.\r\n\r\nA good acting resume answers any questions a casting director may have about an actor's ability to play a certain role and supplies enough evidence to convince a casting director to choose you. By knowing how to create and present your acting experience and skills in the best light possible, you can use your resume to help you land roles again and again.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab3\" >Polished talent</h2>\r\nEveryone has some talent for acting (think of the last time you called in to work and pretended to be sick so that you could take the day off). Even if you have astounding natural acting talent, you may still want lessons or coaching to nurture and further develop that talent. Here are some of the different ways to polish your acting talent:\r\n<ul>\r\n\t<li>Majoring in drama in school</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<ul>\r\n\t<li>Attending an acting class or workshop</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<ul>\r\n\t<li>Working with an acting coach</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<ul>\r\n\t<li>Learning on the job</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<p class=\"Tip\">If you're serious about becoming an actor and you're already in school, you can't get any better training than performing in your high school or college drama department. Not only does such exposure give you an idea how much fun (and how much of a pain in the neck) acting can be, but it can also teach you all the technical details necessary to put on a play, ranging from creating backdrops and building sets to sewing costumes and marketing the show.</p>\r\nIf you've already graduated or just want to jump right into the world of acting as soon as possible, you can choose from plenty of acting workshops, classes, and coaches available for varying prices. Once again, some acting teachers have better reputations than others, and some charge outrageous amounts of money while others are more reasonable.\r\n<p class=\"Remember\">The best way to develop your acting skills is to keep looking for acting roles wherever you can find them, whether they're lead roles in small plays or bit roles in larger productions. The more experience and knowledge you can gain by acting in a real role and watching others perform, the more you'll discover about the world of acting that no class or coach can ever duplicate.</p>","blurb":"","authors":[{"authorId":10530,"name":"Larry Garrison","slug":"larry-garrison","description":" <p><b>Larry Garrison</b> is President of SilverCreek Entertainment. He&#8217;s worked as a producer/actor in TV and film in Los Angeles for more than 30 years. His company has produced news stories for ABC and NBC News.</p> <p><b>Wallace Wang</b> is a stand-up comedian and the author of more than 10 bestselling <i>For Dummies</i> books. He focuses on screenwriting, movies, and comedy.</p> ","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/10530"}},{"authorId":9043,"name":"Wallace Wang","slug":"wallace-wang","description":" <p><b>Wallace Wang</b> specializes in making complex topics understandable. His assorted <i>For Dummies</i> tech books have sold nearly half a million copies. He has a master&#8217;s degree in computer science along with side hustles in stand-up comedy and screenwriting because life is too short to focus on just one thing.</p> ","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/9043"}}],"primaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":33750,"title":"Theater","slug":"theater","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33750"}},"secondaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"tertiaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"trendingArticles":null,"inThisArticle":[{"label":"An attention-grabbing head shot","target":"#tab1"},{"label":"A five-star acting resume","target":"#tab2"},{"label":"Polished talent","target":"#tab3"}],"relatedArticles":{"fromBook":[{"articleId":209343,"title":"Breaking Into Acting For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"breaking-into-acting-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/209343"}},{"articleId":201284,"title":"Fine-Tuning Your Acting Performance on Film","slug":"fine-tuning-your-acting-performance-on-film","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/201284"}},{"articleId":200876,"title":"Auditioning for an Acting Role: What to Expect","slug":"auditioning-for-an-acting-role-what-to-expect","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/200876"}},{"articleId":200049,"title":"Getting Acquainted with Producers and Directors","slug":"getting-acquainted-with-producers-and-directors","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/200049"}},{"articleId":194784,"title":"How to Prepare for an Acting Audition","slug":"how-to-prepare-for-an-acting-audition","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/194784"}}],"fromCategory":[{"articleId":209343,"title":"Breaking Into Acting For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"breaking-into-acting-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/209343"}},{"articleId":208633,"title":"Playwriting For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"playwriting-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/208633"}},{"articleId":208135,"title":"Voice Acting For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"voice-acting-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/208135"}},{"articleId":201284,"title":"Fine-Tuning Your Acting Performance on Film","slug":"fine-tuning-your-acting-performance-on-film","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/201284"}},{"articleId":200876,"title":"Auditioning for an Acting Role: What to Expect","slug":"auditioning-for-an-acting-role-what-to-expect","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/200876"}}]},"hasRelatedBookFromSearch":false,"relatedBook":{"bookId":282021,"slug":"breaking-into-acting-for-dummies","isbn":"9781119789697","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"amazon":{"default":"//www.amazon.com/gp/product/1119789699/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","ca":"//www.amazon.ca/gp/product/1119789699/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","indigo_ca":"//www.tkqlhce.com/click-9208661-13710633?url=//www.chapters.indigo.ca/en-ca/books/product/1119789699-item.html&cjsku=978111945484","gb":"//www.amazon.co.uk/gp/product/1119789699/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","de":"//www.amazon.de/gp/product/1119789699/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20"},"image":{"src":"//coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/breaking-into-acting-for-dummies-2e-cover-9781119789697-203x255.jpg","width":203,"height":255},"title":"Breaking into Acting For Dummies","testBankPinActivationLink":"","bookOutOfPrint":true,"authorsInfo":"<p><b><b data-author-id=\"10530\">Larry Garrison</b></b> is President of SilverCreek Entertainment. He&#8217;s worked as a producer/actor in TV and film in Los Angeles for more than 30 years. His company has produced news stories for ABC and NBC News.</p> <p><b>Wallace Wang</b> is a stand-up comedian and the author of more than 10 bestselling <i>For Dummies</i> books. He focuses on screenwriting, movies, and comedy.</p> <p><b><b data-author-id=\"9043\">Wallace Wang</b></b> specializes in making complex topics understandable. His assorted <i>For Dummies</i> tech books have sold nearly half a million copies. He has a master&#8217;s degree in computer science along with side hustles in stand-up comedy and screenwriting because life is too short to focus on just one thing.</p>","authors":[{"authorId":10530,"name":"Larry Garrison","slug":"larry-garrison","description":" <p><b>Larry Garrison</b> is President of SilverCreek Entertainment. He&#8217;s worked as a producer/actor in TV and film in Los Angeles for more than 30 years. His company has produced news stories for ABC and NBC News.</p> <p><b>Wallace Wang</b> is a stand-up comedian and the author of more than 10 bestselling <i>For Dummies</i> books. He focuses on screenwriting, movies, and comedy.</p> ","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/10530"}},{"authorId":9043,"name":"Wallace Wang","slug":"wallace-wang","description":" <p><b>Wallace Wang</b> specializes in making complex topics understandable. His assorted <i>For Dummies</i> tech books have sold nearly half a million copies. He has a master&#8217;s degree in computer science along with side hustles in stand-up comedy and screenwriting because life is too short to focus on just one thing.</p> ","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/9043"}}],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/books/"}},"collections":[],"articleAds":{"footerAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;academics-the-arts&quot;,&quot;performing-arts&quot;,&quot;theater&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9781119789697&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-63221a0bc0823\"></div></div>","rightAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_right_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_right_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;academics-the-arts&quot;,&quot;performing-arts&quot;,&quot;theater&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9781119789697&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-63221a0bc0dca\"></div></div>"},"articleType":{"articleType":"Articles","articleList":null,"content":null,"videoInfo":{"videoId":null,"name":null,"accountId":null,"playerId":null,"thumbnailUrl":null,"description":null,"uploadDate":null}},"sponsorship":{"sponsorshipPage":false,"backgroundImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"brandingLine":"","brandingLink":"","brandingLogo":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"sponsorAd":"","sponsorEbookTitle":"","sponsorEbookLink":"","sponsorEbookImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0}},"primaryLearningPath":"Advance","lifeExpectancy":null,"lifeExpectancySetFrom":null,"dummiesForKids":"no","sponsoredContent":"no","adInfo":"","adPairKey":[]},"status":"publish","visibility":"public","articleId":201309},{"headers":{"creationTime":"2017-03-26T15:58:51+00:00","modifiedTime":"2017-04-26T15:22:55+00:00","timestamp":"2023-09-14T18:14:35+00:00"},"data":{"breadcrumbs":[{"name":"Academics & The Arts","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33662"},"slug":"academics-the-arts","categoryId":33662},{"name":"Performing Arts","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33747"},"slug":"performing-arts","categoryId":33747},{"name":"Theater","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33750"},"slug":"theater","categoryId":33750}],"title":"Creative Ways to Market Yourself as a Voice Actor","strippedTitle":"creative ways to market yourself as a voice actor","slug":"creative-ways-to-market-yourself-as-a-voice-actor","canonicalUrl":"","手机搜素网页汽车刹车系统简化":{"metaDescription":"If you feel like your efforts aren’t hitting the mark or are irregular at best, you can get proactive! You can build your roster of clients in several ways in a","noIndex":0,"noFollow":0},"content":"If you feel like your efforts aren’t hitting the mark or are irregular at best, you can get proactive! You can build your roster of clients in several ways in addition to just auditioning. Although responding to casting calls is an important part of the job, so is marketing.\r\n<p class=\"Remember\">Creating a well-defined marketing plan can help you build a client base faster than auditioning alone. Here are 20 marketing ideas to help you get your voice acting career jumping.</p>\r\n\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Logos:</b> Develop your own logo and become memorable before people even hear your voice.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Business Cards: </b>Create some business cards. They won’t do you any good just sitting in your wallet though. Hand them out everywhere! You never know who your waitress knows or who is visiting the dentist that day.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Branded letterhead: </b>If you’re mailing demos to potential clients, write a brief cover letter using branded letterhead.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Demo stickers: </b>Use demo stickers that contain your contact details and logo.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Thank you cards:</b> People still love the personal touch of a handwritten thank you card. This kind of gesture is the kind of thing that helps to develop strong business relationships.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Postcards or pamphlets:</b> Mail businesses a post card or pamphlet to introduce yourself and your services explaining how you can help them.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Blogging</b> If you enjoy writing and can do it consistently, blogging can be an effective way to build a following and increase your presence on the web.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Meet-up groups:</b> Starting or joining a monthly meet-up group is a great way to network with peers and get referral business.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Social media groups:</b> Become active on social media groups geared toward voice-over or start one yourself. Try creating a group geared toward a voice-over niche, such as video game voices or cartoon voices.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Personal website: </b>Having a personal website in addition to a profile on a voice acting marketplace site can increase your presence online even more. The more web presences you have, the more likely a client is to come across you while searching for talent.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Professional associations:</b> Receiving accreditation from a voice-over association can help you be perceived as a professional voice actor and give you exclusive training and networking opportunities.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Generate publicity:</b> Everyone has a story! Try pitching yours to magazines and newspapers to generate publicity for your business.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Send client swag: </b><i>Swag</i> refers to useful items you can send to clients that are branded with your company logo, such as mugs, magnets, pens, and so on.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Sponsor an event:</b> If you can swing it, sponsoring an event is a great was to generate some publicity and make yourself known within your community.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Traditional advertising:</b> Place an ad in your local newspaper, trade magazine, or phonebook.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Cold Call:</b> If you have the personality for it, try cold calling local businesses and introduce yourself. Find out if they’re interested in using your voice in their next radio commercial or offer to be the voice of their telephone auto-attendant</p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Referrals:</b> If your client is happy with your work, ask if he or she can refer you to others. Sometimes all you have to do is ask.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Link-love:</b> Hundreds of online directories are online. Take some time each day to find and submit your website to them to increase traffic to your site.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Google AdWords:</b> Reach out to a targeted audience with an ad that appears alongside specific key word searches.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Join websites:</b> Not only can you reach out to clients through auditioning, but having a profile at marketplace websites, like the ones listed here, is like setting up a booth at your local market. Hundreds of clients search for voice actors each day.</p>\r\n\r\n<ul class=\"level-two\">\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><a href=\"//www.Voices.com\">Voices.com</a></p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><a href=\"//www.elance.com/\">Elance.com</a></p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><a href=\"//www.guru.com/\">Guru.com</a></p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><a href=\"//www.odesk.com\">oDesk.com</a></p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><a href=\"//www.freelance.com\">Freelance.com</a></p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><a href=\"//www.freelancer.com\">Freelancer.com</a><u></u></p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><a href=\"//www.ifreelance.com\">iFreelance.com</a><u></u></p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>","description":"If you feel like your efforts aren’t hitting the mark or are irregular at best, you can get proactive! You can build your roster of clients in several ways in addition to just auditioning. Although responding to casting calls is an important part of the job, so is marketing.\r\n<p class=\"Remember\">Creating a well-defined marketing plan can help you build a client base faster than auditioning alone. Here are 20 marketing ideas to help you get your voice acting career jumping.</p>\r\n\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Logos:</b> Develop your own logo and become memorable before people even hear your voice.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Business Cards: </b>Create some business cards. They won’t do you any good just sitting in your wallet though. Hand them out everywhere! You never know who your waitress knows or who is visiting the dentist that day.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Branded letterhead: </b>If you’re mailing demos to potential clients, write a brief cover letter using branded letterhead.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Demo stickers: </b>Use demo stickers that contain your contact details and logo.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Thank you cards:</b> People still love the personal touch of a handwritten thank you card. This kind of gesture is the kind of thing that helps to develop strong business relationships.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Postcards or pamphlets:</b> Mail businesses a post card or pamphlet to introduce yourself and your services explaining how you can help them.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Blogging</b> If you enjoy writing and can do it consistently, blogging can be an effective way to build a following and increase your presence on the web.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Meet-up groups:</b> Starting or joining a monthly meet-up group is a great way to network with peers and get referral business.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Social media groups:</b> Become active on social media groups geared toward voice-over or start one yourself. Try creating a group geared toward a voice-over niche, such as video game voices or cartoon voices.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Personal website: </b>Having a personal website in addition to a profile on a voice acting marketplace site can increase your presence online even more. The more web presences you have, the more likely a client is to come across you while searching for talent.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Professional associations:</b> Receiving accreditation from a voice-over association can help you be perceived as a professional voice actor and give you exclusive training and networking opportunities.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Generate publicity:</b> Everyone has a story! Try pitching yours to magazines and newspapers to generate publicity for your business.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Send client swag: </b><i>Swag</i> refers to useful items you can send to clients that are branded with your company logo, such as mugs, magnets, pens, and so on.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Sponsor an event:</b> If you can swing it, sponsoring an event is a great was to generate some publicity and make yourself known within your community.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Traditional advertising:</b> Place an ad in your local newspaper, trade magazine, or phonebook.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Cold Call:</b> If you have the personality for it, try cold calling local businesses and introduce yourself. Find out if they’re interested in using your voice in their next radio commercial or offer to be the voice of their telephone auto-attendant</p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Referrals:</b> If your client is happy with your work, ask if he or she can refer you to others. Sometimes all you have to do is ask.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Link-love:</b> Hundreds of online directories are online. Take some time each day to find and submit your website to them to increase traffic to your site.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Google AdWords:</b> Reach out to a targeted audience with an ad that appears alongside specific key word searches.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Join websites:</b> Not only can you reach out to clients through auditioning, but having a profile at marketplace websites, like the ones listed here, is like setting up a booth at your local market. Hundreds of clients search for voice actors each day.</p>\r\n\r\n<ul class=\"level-two\">\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><a href=\"//www.Voices.com\">Voices.com</a></p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><a href=\"//www.elance.com/\">Elance.com</a></p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><a href=\"//www.guru.com/\">Guru.com</a></p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><a href=\"//www.odesk.com\">oDesk.com</a></p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><a href=\"//www.freelance.com\">Freelance.com</a></p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><a href=\"//www.freelancer.com\">Freelancer.com</a><u></u></p>\r\n</li>\r\n\t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><a href=\"//www.ifreelance.com\">iFreelance.com</a><u></u></p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>","blurb":"","authors":[{"authorId":9833,"name":"David Ciccarelli","slug":"david-ciccarelli","description":" <p><b>Stephanie Ciccarell</b>i and <b>David Ciccarelli</b> are the founders of Voices.com, the largest global web hub for voice actors. For approximately the past eight years, Stephanie, David, and their team have grown Voices.com from the ground up to become the leader in the industry.</p>","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/9833"}},{"authorId":9834,"name":"Stephanie Ciccarelli","slug":"stephanie-ciccarelli","description":" <p><b>Stephanie Ciccarell</b>i and <b>David Ciccarelli</b> are the founders of Voices.com, the largest global web hub for voice actors. For approximately the past eight years, Stephanie, David, and their team have grown Voices.com from the ground up to become the leader in the industry.</p>","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/9834"}}],"primaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":33750,"title":"Theater","slug":"theater","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33750"}},"secondaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"tertiaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"trendingArticles":null,"inThisArticle":[],"relatedArticles":{"fromBook":[{"articleId":208135,"title":"Voice Acting For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"voice-acting-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/208135"}},{"articleId":171667,"title":"Tips for Great Voice-Over Performances","slug":"tips-for-great-voice-over-performances","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/171667"}},{"articleId":171645,"title":"Must-Have Demos to Showcase Your Voice Acting","slug":"must-have-demos-to-showcase-your-voice-acting","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/171645"}}],"fromCategory":[{"articleId":209343,"title":"Breaking Into Acting For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"breaking-into-acting-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/209343"}},{"articleId":208633,"title":"Playwriting For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"playwriting-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/208633"}},{"articleId":208135,"title":"Voice Acting For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"voice-acting-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/208135"}},{"articleId":201309,"title":"Figuring Out What You Need to Succeed in Acting","slug":"figuring-out-what-you-need-to-succeed-in-acting","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/201309"}},{"articleId":201284,"title":"Fine-Tuning Your Acting Performance on Film","slug":"fine-tuning-your-acting-performance-on-film","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/201284"}}]},"hasRelatedBookFromSearch":false,"relatedBook":{"bookId":282662,"slug":"voice-acting-for-dummies","isbn":"9781118399583","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","performing-arts","theater"],"amazon":{"default":"//www.amazon.com/gp/product/1118399587/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","ca":"//www.amazon.ca/gp/product/1118399587/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","indigo_ca":"//www.tkqlhce.com/click-9208661-13710633?url=//www.chapters.indigo.ca/en-ca/books/product/1118399587-item.html&cjsku=978111945484","gb":"//www.amazon.co.uk/gp/product/1118399587/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","de":"//www.amazon.de/gp/product/1118399587/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20"},"image":{"src":"//coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/voice-acting-for-dummies-cover-9781118399583-201x255.jpg","width":201,"height":255},"title":"Voice Acting For Dummies","testBankPinActivationLink":"","bookOutOfPrint":false,"authorsInfo":"<p><b data-author-id=\"9834\">Stephanie Ciccarell</b>i and <b data-author-id=\"9833\">David Ciccarelli</b> are the founders of Voices.com, the largest global web hub for voice actors. For approximately the past eight years, Stephanie, David, and their team have grown Voices.com from the ground up to become the leader in the industry.</p>","authors":[{"authorId":9833,"name":"David Ciccarelli","slug":"david-ciccarelli","description":" <p><b>Stephanie Ciccarell</b>i and <b>David Ciccarelli</b> are the founders of Voices.com, the largest global web hub for voice actors. For approximately the past eight years, Stephanie, David, and their team have grown Voices.com from the ground up to become the leader in the industry.</p>","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/9833"}},{"authorId":9834,"name":"Stephanie Ciccarelli","slug":"stephanie-ciccarelli","description":" <p><b>Stephanie Ciccarell</b>i and <b>David Ciccarelli</b> are the founders of Voices.com, the largest global web hub for voice actors. For approximately the past eight years, Stephanie, David, and their team have grown Voices.com from the ground up to become the leader in the industry.</p>","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/9834"}}],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/books/"}},"collections":[],"articleAds":{"footerAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;academics-the-arts&quot;,&quot;performing-arts&quot;,&quot;theater&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9781118399583&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-63221a0baa0ce\"></div></div>","rightAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_right_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_right_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = 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