chơi xổ số keno trực tuyến

{"appState":{"pageLoadApiCallsStatus":true},"categoryState":{"relatedCategories":{"headers":{"timestamp":"2025-01-31T04:01:08+00:00"},"categoryId":33705,"data":{"title":"Spanish","slug":"spanish","image":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"breadcrumbs":[{"name":"Academics & The Arts","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33662"},"slug":"academics-the-arts","categoryId":33662},{"name":"Language & Language Arts","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33687"},"slug":"language-language-arts","categoryId":33687},{"name":"Learning Languages","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33689"},"slug":"learning-languages","categoryId":33689},{"name":"Spanish","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33705"},"slug":"spanish","categoryId":33705}],"parentCategory":{"categoryId":33689,"title":"Learning Languages","slug":"learning-languages","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33689"}},"childCategories":[],"description":"Habla español? We've got a mountain of content to help you master the basics, learn the expressions you'll hear in real life, and brush up on your advanced grammar and vocab.","relatedArticles":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles?category=33705&offset=0&size=5"},"hasArticle":true,"hasBook":true,"articleCount":190,"bookCount":9},"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33705"}},"relatedCategoriesLoadedStatus":"success"},"listState":{"list":{"count":10,"total":190,"items":[{"headers":{"creationTime":"2017-03-26T23:08:44+00:00","modifiedTime":"2024-09-07T19:37:43+00:00","timestamp":"2024-09-07T21:01:02+00:00"},"data":{"breadcrumbs":[{"name":"Academics & The Arts","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33662"},"slug":"academics-the-arts","categoryId":33662},{"name":"Language & Language Arts","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33687"},"slug":"language-language-arts","categoryId":33687},{"name":"Learning Languages","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33689"},"slug":"learning-languages","categoryId":33689},{"name":"Spanish","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33705"},"slug":"spanish","categoryId":33705}],"title":"Ordering at a Restaurant in Spanish","strippedTitle":"ordering at a restaurant in spanish","slug":"ordering-at-a-restaurant-in-spanish","canonicalUrl":"","快速搜指数擎简化":{"metaDescription":"If you're just learning to speak Spanish, here's what you should know to order a meal at a Spanish-speaking restaurant.","noIndex":0,"noFollow":0},"content":"When you’re eating out at a <a href=\"//coursofppt.com/languages/spanish/paying-the-bill-at-a-spanish-speaking-restaurant/\">Spanish-speaking restaurant</a>, knowing some basic <a href=\"//coursofppt.com/languages/spanish/spanish-for-dummies-cheat-sheet/\">Spanish vocabulary</a> can make the ordering process a little easier. Placing your order basically consists of two parts: ordering a beverage and ordering food. But first you need to get the attention of your server.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab1\" >Calling a waiter over to your table</h2>\r\nIf your waiter is a man, the appropriate way to address him depends on where you are. A waiter in Argentina is a <b>mozo</b> <i>(</i><i><u>moh</u></i><i>-soh)</i> or “young man.” But, calling someone <b>mozo</b> in Chile is offensive. In Chile, you say, <b>garzón</b> <i>(gahr-</i><i><u>sohn</u></i><i>),</i> which is derived from the French word for “young man<i>.</i>” If you call the waiter by either of these terms in Mexico, he may not react. You can better get his attention by saying <b>joven</b> <i>(</i><i><u>Hoh</u></i><i>-bvehn),</i> meaning “young,” even if he isn’t so young. In Spain, a waiter is a <b>camarero</b> <i>(kah-mah-</i><i><u>reh</u></i><i>-roh).</i>\r\n\r\nWhen a woman is serving you, call her simply <b>señorita</b> <i>(seh-nyoh-</i><i><u>ree</u></i><i>-tah)</i><i>, </i>meaning “Miss,” no matter where you are.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab2\" >Ordering a beverage</h2>\r\n<div class=\"imageBlock\" style=\"width: 314px;\">\r\n\r\n<img src=\"//coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/73960.image0.jpg\" alt=\"[Credit: PhotoDisc, Inc.]\" width=\"314\" height=\"400\" />\r\n<div class=\"imageCredit\">Credit: PhotoDisc, Inc.</div>\r\n</div>\r\nMany people like to order an aperitif, or cocktail, before dinner. One popular local liquor is <b>aguardiente</b> <i>(ah-gooahr-dee</i><i><u>ehn</u></i><i>-teh),</i> which translates as “fire water,” and is made out of grapes, <b>tequila</b> <i>(teh-</i><i><u>kee</u></i><i>-lah)</i><i>,</i> and <b>mezcal</b> <i>(mehs-</i><i><u>kahl</u></i><i>)</i><i>.</i> In Chile and Peru, people like “<b>pisco</b> <i>(</i><i><u>pees</u></i><i>-koh)</i><i> </i>sour,” a cocktail made with <b>pisco</b> (another liquor made from grapes), sugar, and lemon juice.\r\n\r\n<b>Agua</b> <i>(</i><i><u>ah</u></i><i>-gooah)</i> in Mexico can mean “water,” which is its exact translation, but it can also be a beverage made with water, fruit, and sugar. All fruits, and even some vegetables, make refreshing <b>aguas.</b> In Chile, <b>a</b><b>guita</b> <i>(ah-goo-</i><i><u>ee</u></i><i>-tah)</i><i>,</i> meaning “little water,” can be an herb tea served after a meal.\r\n\r\nFollowing are a few more phrases you may hear or want to use when ordering beverages:\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Escoger un vino</b> <i>(ehs-koh-</i><i><u>Hehr</u></i><i> oon </i><i><u>bvee</u></i><i>-noh)</i> (choose a wine)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>¡Salud!</b> <i>(sah-</i><i><u>lood</u></i><i>)</i> (Cheers!)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Tomar un refresco </b><i>(toh-</i><i><u>mahr</u></i><i> oon reh-</i><i><u>frehs</u></i><i>-koh)</i> (drink a soda pop)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Tomar un trago</b> <i>(toh-</i><i><u>mahr</u></i><i> oon </i><i><u>trah</u></i><i>-goh)</i> (have a drink [alcoholic])</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Un vaso de agua</b> <i>(oon </i><i><u>bvah</u></i><i>-soh deh </i><i><u>ah</u></i><i>-gooah)</i> (a glass of water)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Un vaso de leche</b> <i>(oon </i><i><u>bvah</u></i><i>-soh deh </i><i><u>leh</u></i><i>-cheh</i>) (a glass of milk)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<h2 id=\"tab3\" >Ordering a main course</h2>\r\nIn order to make a selection, you may want to ask questions about various dishes on the menu. Here are a few helpful phrases:\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>¿Qué nos recomienda?</b> <i>(</i><i>keh nohs reh-koh-mee</i><i><u>ehn</u></i><i>-dah)</i> (What do you suggest?)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>¿Con qué está servido?</b> <i>(kohn keh ehs-</i><i><u>tah</u></i><i> sehr-</i><i><u>bvee</u></i><i>-doh)</i> (What does it come with?)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>¿Qué ingredientes tiene?</b> <i>(keh een-greh-dee </i><i><u>ehn</u></i><i>-tehs tee </i><i><u>eh</u></i><i>-neh)</i> (What are the ingredients?)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>¿Qué más trae el plato?</b> <i>(keh mahs </i><i><u>trah-</u></i><i>eh ehl </i><i><u>plah</u></i><i>-toh)</i> (What else is in the dish?)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\nYour server may have occasion to use the following phrases:\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>¿Están listos para ordenar?</b> <i>(ehs-</i><i><u>tahn</u></i><i> </i><i><u>lees</u></i><i>-tohs </i><i><u>pah</u></i><i>-rah ohr-deh-</i><i><u>nahr)</u></i><i> </i>(Are you ready to order?)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Está caliente.</b> <i>(ehs-</i><i><u>tah</u></i><i> kah-lee </i><i><u>ehn</u></i><i>-teh)</i> (It’s hot [temperature].)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Está picante.</b> <i>(ehs-</i><i><u>tah</u></i><i> pee-</i><i><u>kahn</u></i><i>-teh)</i> (It’s hot [flavor/spicy].)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Está frío.</b> <i>(ehs-</i><i><u>tah</u></i><i> freeoh)</i> (It’s cold.)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Lamento, no tenemos . . .</b> <i>(lah-</i><i><u>mehn</u></i><i>-toh noh teh-</i><i><u>neh</u></i><i>-mohs)</i> (Sorry, we don’t have any . . .)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>","description":"When you’re eating out at a <a href=\"//coursofppt.com/languages/spanish/paying-the-bill-at-a-spanish-speaking-restaurant/\">Spanish-speaking restaurant</a>, knowing some basic <a href=\"//coursofppt.com/languages/spanish/spanish-for-dummies-cheat-sheet/\">Spanish vocabulary</a> can make the ordering process a little easier. Placing your order basically consists of two parts: ordering a beverage and ordering food. But first you need to get the attention of your server.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab1\" >Calling a waiter over to your table</h2>\r\nIf your waiter is a man, the appropriate way to address him depends on where you are. A waiter in Argentina is a <b>mozo</b> <i>(</i><i><u>moh</u></i><i>-soh)</i> or “young man.” But, calling someone <b>mozo</b> in Chile is offensive. In Chile, you say, <b>garzón</b> <i>(gahr-</i><i><u>sohn</u></i><i>),</i> which is derived from the French word for “young man<i>.</i>” If you call the waiter by either of these terms in Mexico, he may not react. You can better get his attention by saying <b>joven</b> <i>(</i><i><u>Hoh</u></i><i>-bvehn),</i> meaning “young,” even if he isn’t so young. In Spain, a waiter is a <b>camarero</b> <i>(kah-mah-</i><i><u>reh</u></i><i>-roh).</i>\r\n\r\nWhen a woman is serving you, call her simply <b>señorita</b> <i>(seh-nyoh-</i><i><u>ree</u></i><i>-tah)</i><i>, </i>meaning “Miss,” no matter where you are.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab2\" >Ordering a beverage</h2>\r\n<div class=\"imageBlock\" style=\"width: 314px;\">\r\n\r\n<img src=\"//coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/73960.image0.jpg\" alt=\"[Credit: PhotoDisc, Inc.]\" width=\"314\" height=\"400\" />\r\n<div class=\"imageCredit\">Credit: PhotoDisc, Inc.</div>\r\n</div>\r\nMany people like to order an aperitif, or cocktail, before dinner. One popular local liquor is <b>aguardiente</b> <i>(ah-gooahr-dee</i><i><u>ehn</u></i><i>-teh),</i> which translates as “fire water,” and is made out of grapes, <b>tequila</b> <i>(teh-</i><i><u>kee</u></i><i>-lah)</i><i>,</i> and <b>mezcal</b> <i>(mehs-</i><i><u>kahl</u></i><i>)</i><i>.</i> In Chile and Peru, people like “<b>pisco</b> <i>(</i><i><u>pees</u></i><i>-koh)</i><i> </i>sour,” a cocktail made with <b>pisco</b> (another liquor made from grapes), sugar, and lemon juice.\r\n\r\n<b>Agua</b> <i>(</i><i><u>ah</u></i><i>-gooah)</i> in Mexico can mean “water,” which is its exact translation, but it can also be a beverage made with water, fruit, and sugar. All fruits, and even some vegetables, make refreshing <b>aguas.</b> In Chile, <b>a</b><b>guita</b> <i>(ah-goo-</i><i><u>ee</u></i><i>-tah)</i><i>,</i> meaning “little water,” can be an herb tea served after a meal.\r\n\r\nFollowing are a few more phrases you may hear or want to use when ordering beverages:\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Escoger un vino</b> <i>(ehs-koh-</i><i><u>Hehr</u></i><i> oon </i><i><u>bvee</u></i><i>-noh)</i> (choose a wine)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>¡Salud!</b> <i>(sah-</i><i><u>lood</u></i><i>)</i> (Cheers!)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Tomar un refresco </b><i>(toh-</i><i><u>mahr</u></i><i> oon reh-</i><i><u>frehs</u></i><i>-koh)</i> (drink a soda pop)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Tomar un trago</b> <i>(toh-</i><i><u>mahr</u></i><i> oon </i><i><u>trah</u></i><i>-goh)</i> (have a drink [alcoholic])</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Un vaso de agua</b> <i>(oon </i><i><u>bvah</u></i><i>-soh deh </i><i><u>ah</u></i><i>-gooah)</i> (a glass of water)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Un vaso de leche</b> <i>(oon </i><i><u>bvah</u></i><i>-soh deh </i><i><u>leh</u></i><i>-cheh</i>) (a glass of milk)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<h2 id=\"tab3\" >Ordering a main course</h2>\r\nIn order to make a selection, you may want to ask questions about various dishes on the menu. Here are a few helpful phrases:\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>¿Qué nos recomienda?</b> <i>(</i><i>keh nohs reh-koh-mee</i><i><u>ehn</u></i><i>-dah)</i> (What do you suggest?)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>¿Con qué está servido?</b> <i>(kohn keh ehs-</i><i><u>tah</u></i><i> sehr-</i><i><u>bvee</u></i><i>-doh)</i> (What does it come with?)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>¿Qué ingredientes tiene?</b> <i>(keh een-greh-dee </i><i><u>ehn</u></i><i>-tehs tee </i><i><u>eh</u></i><i>-neh)</i> (What are the ingredients?)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>¿Qué más trae el plato?</b> <i>(keh mahs </i><i><u>trah-</u></i><i>eh ehl </i><i><u>plah</u></i><i>-toh)</i> (What else is in the dish?)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\nYour server may have occasion to use the following phrases:\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>¿Están listos para ordenar?</b> <i>(ehs-</i><i><u>tahn</u></i><i> </i><i><u>lees</u></i><i>-tohs </i><i><u>pah</u></i><i>-rah ohr-deh-</i><i><u>nahr)</u></i><i> </i>(Are you ready to order?)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Está caliente.</b> <i>(ehs-</i><i><u>tah</u></i><i> kah-lee </i><i><u>ehn</u></i><i>-teh)</i> (It’s hot [temperature].)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Está picante.</b> <i>(ehs-</i><i><u>tah</u></i><i> pee-</i><i><u>kahn</u></i><i>-teh)</i> (It’s hot [flavor/spicy].)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Está frío.</b> <i>(ehs-</i><i><u>tah</u></i><i> freeoh)</i> (It’s cold.)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Lamento, no tenemos . . .</b> <i>(lah-</i><i><u>mehn</u></i><i>-toh noh teh-</i><i><u>neh</u></i><i>-mohs)</i> (Sorry, we don’t have any . . .)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>","blurb":"","authors":[],"primaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":33705,"title":"Spanish","slug":"spanish","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33705"}},"secondaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"tertiaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"trendingArticles":null,"inThisArticle":[{"label":"Calling a waiter over to your table","target":"#tab1"},{"label":"Ordering a beverage","target":"#tab2"},{"label":"Ordering a main course","target":"#tab3"}],"relatedArticles":{"fromBook":[],"fromCategory":[{"articleId":295744,"title":"Spanish Workbook For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"spanish-workbook-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","spanish"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/295744"}},{"articleId":210364,"title":"Spanish Introductions","slug":"spanish-introductions","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","spanish"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/210364"}},{"articleId":209434,"title":"Spanish Verbs For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"spanish-verbs-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","spanish"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/209434"}},{"articleId":209154,"title":"Spanish All-in-One For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"spanish-all-in-one-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","spanish"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/209154"}},{"articleId":208766,"title":"Spanish For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"spanish-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","spanish"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/208766"}}]},"hasRelatedBookFromSearch":false,"relatedBook":{"bookId":0,"slug":null,"isbn":null,"categoryList":null,"amazon":null,"image":null,"title":null,"testBankPinActivationLink":null,"bookOutOfPrint":false,"authorsInfo":null,"authors":null,"_links":null},"collections":[{"title":"Make a Commitment to Better Yourself","slug":"make-a-commitment-to-better-yourself","collectionId":290164}],"articleAds":{"footerAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = 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id=\"du-slot-64fa3a0ed3fbb\"></div></div>"},"articleType":{"articleType":"Articles","articleList":null,"content":null,"videoInfo":{"videoId":null,"name":null,"accountId":null,"playerId":null,"thumbnailUrl":null,"description":null,"uploadDate":null}},"sponsorship":{"sponsorshipPage":false,"backgroundImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"brandingLine":"","brandingLink":"","brandingLogo":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"sponsorAd":"","sponsorEbookTitle":"","sponsorEbookLink":"","sponsorEbookImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0}},"primaryLearningPath":"Explore","lifeExpectancy":"Five years","lifeExpectancySetFrom":"2024-09-07T00:00:00+00:00","dummiesForKids":"no","sponsoredContent":"no","adInfo":"","adPairKey":[]},"status":"publish","visibility":"public","articleId":202642},{"headers":{"creationTime":"2017-03-26T23:09:36+00:00","modifiedTime":"2024-07-14T13:38:41+00:00","timestamp":"2024-07-14T15:01:03+00:00"},"data":{"breadcrumbs":[{"name":"Academics & The Arts","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33662"},"slug":"academics-the-arts","categoryId":33662},{"name":"Language & Language Arts","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33687"},"slug":"language-language-arts","categoryId":33687},{"name":"Learning Languages","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33689"},"slug":"learning-languages","categoryId":33689},{"name":"Spanish","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33705"},"slug":"spanish","categoryId":33705}],"title":"How to Pronounce the Spanish Alphabet","strippedTitle":"how to pronounce the spanish alphabet","slug":"reciting-the-spanish-alphabet","canonicalUrl":"","快速搜指数擎简化":{"metaDescription":"The Spanish and English alphabets are almost identical, with just a few exceptions. The Spanish alphabet includes all of the letters in the English alphabet but","noIndex":0,"noFollow":0},"content":"The Spanish and English alphabets are almost identical, with just a few exceptions. The <a href=\"//coursofppt.com/languages/spanish/spanish-for-dummies-cheat-sheet/\">Spanish</a> alphabet includes all of the letters in the English alphabet but it adds <b>ñ</b> <i>(</i><i><u>eh</u></i><i>-nyeh)</i>, and sometimes the double letters <b>ch</b> <i>(cheh)</i>, <b>ll</b> <i>(ye)</i>, and <b>rr</b> (a trilled <i>r</i>)<i> </i>are treated as one letter.\r\n\r\nWhen you’re speaking to a native Spanish speaker, correct pronunciation is key to avoiding misunderstandings. The names of the letters in Spanish are pronounced one way, while they have their own sounds within a word (the sounds within a word are generally the same sounds as in English).\r\n\r\n<div class=\"x2 x2-top\">\r\n\r\n<div class=\"video-player-organism\"></div>\r\n\r\n</div>\r\n\r\nHere is the Spanish alphabet and how to say the individual letters:\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>a</b> <i>(ah)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>b</b> <i>(bveh)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>c</b> <i>(seh)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>d</b> <i>(deh)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>e</b> <i>(eh)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>f</b> <i>(</i><i><u>eh</u></i><i>-feh)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>g</b> <i>(Heh)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>h</b> <i>(</i><i><u>ah</u></i><i>-cheh)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>i</b> <i>(ee)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>j</b> <i>(</i><i><u>Hoh</u></i><i>-tah)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>k</b> <i>(kah)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>l</b> <i>(</i><i><u>eh</u></i><i>-leh)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>m</b> <i>(</i><i><u>eh</u></i><i>-meh)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>n</b> <i>(</i><i><u>eh</u></i><i>-neh)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>ñ</b> <i>(</i><i><u>eh</u></i><i>-nyeh)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>o</b> <i>(oh)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>p</b> <i>(peh)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>q</b> <i>(koo)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>r</b> <i>(</i><i><u>eh</u></i><i>-reh)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>s</b> <i>(</i><i><u>eh</u></i><i>-seh)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>t</b> <i>(teh)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>u</b> <i>(oo)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>v</b> <i>(bveh)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>w</b> <i>(</i><i><u>doh</u></i><i>-bleh bveh) (bveh </i><i><u>doh</u></i><i>-bvleh</i> [Spain])</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>x</b> <i>(</i><i><u>eh</u></i><i>-kees)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>y</b> <i>(ee</i><i>-</i><i>gree</i><i>-</i><i><u>eh</u></i><i>-gah)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>z</b> <i>(</i><i><u>seh</u></i><i>-tah)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>","description":"The Spanish and English alphabets are almost identical, with just a few exceptions. The <a href=\"//coursofppt.com/languages/spanish/spanish-for-dummies-cheat-sheet/\">Spanish</a> alphabet includes all of the letters in the English alphabet but it adds <b>ñ</b> <i>(</i><i><u>eh</u></i><i>-nyeh)</i>, and sometimes the double letters <b>ch</b> <i>(cheh)</i>, <b>ll</b> <i>(ye)</i>, and <b>rr</b> (a trilled <i>r</i>)<i> </i>are treated as one letter.\r\n\r\nWhen you’re speaking to a native Spanish speaker, correct pronunciation is key to avoiding misunderstandings. The names of the letters in Spanish are pronounced one way, while they have their own sounds within a word (the sounds within a word are generally the same sounds as in English).\r\n\r\n<div class=\"x2 x2-top\">\r\n\r\n<div class=\"video-player-organism\"></div>\r\n\r\n</div>\r\n\r\nHere is the Spanish alphabet and how to say the individual letters:\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>a</b> <i>(ah)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>b</b> <i>(bveh)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>c</b> <i>(seh)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>d</b> <i>(deh)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>e</b> <i>(eh)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>f</b> <i>(</i><i><u>eh</u></i><i>-feh)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>g</b> <i>(Heh)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>h</b> <i>(</i><i><u>ah</u></i><i>-cheh)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>i</b> <i>(ee)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>j</b> <i>(</i><i><u>Hoh</u></i><i>-tah)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>k</b> <i>(kah)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>l</b> <i>(</i><i><u>eh</u></i><i>-leh)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>m</b> <i>(</i><i><u>eh</u></i><i>-meh)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>n</b> <i>(</i><i><u>eh</u></i><i>-neh)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>ñ</b> <i>(</i><i><u>eh</u></i><i>-nyeh)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>o</b> <i>(oh)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>p</b> <i>(peh)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>q</b> <i>(koo)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>r</b> <i>(</i><i><u>eh</u></i><i>-reh)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>s</b> <i>(</i><i><u>eh</u></i><i>-seh)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>t</b> <i>(teh)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>u</b> <i>(oo)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>v</b> <i>(bveh)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>w</b> <i>(</i><i><u>doh</u></i><i>-bleh bveh) (bveh </i><i><u>doh</u></i><i>-bvleh</i> [Spain])</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>x</b> <i>(</i><i><u>eh</u></i><i>-kees)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>y</b> <i>(ee</i><i>-</i><i>gree</i><i>-</i><i><u>eh</u></i><i>-gah)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>z</b> <i>(</i><i><u>seh</u></i><i>-tah)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>","blurb":"","authors":[],"primaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":33705,"title":"Spanish","slug":"spanish","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33705"}},"secondaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"tertiaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"trendingArticles":null,"inThisArticle":[],"relatedArticles":{"fromBook":[],"fromCategory":[{"articleId":295744,"title":"Spanish Workbook For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"spanish-workbook-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","spanish"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/295744"}},{"articleId":210364,"title":"Spanish 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Sheet","slug":"spanish-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","spanish"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/208766"}}]},"hasRelatedBookFromSearch":false,"relatedBook":{"bookId":0,"slug":null,"isbn":null,"categoryList":null,"amazon":null,"image":null,"title":null,"testBankPinActivationLink":null,"bookOutOfPrint":false,"authorsInfo":null,"authors":null,"_links":null},"collections":[],"articleAds":{"footerAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;academics-the-arts&quot;,&quot;language-language-arts&quot;,&quot;learning-languages&quot;,&quot;spanish&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[null]}]\" id=\"du-slot-64b1632f5f098\"></div></div>","rightAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_right_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_right_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;academics-the-arts&quot;,&quot;language-language-arts&quot;,&quot;learning-languages&quot;,&quot;spanish&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[null]}]\" id=\"du-slot-64b1632f5f941\"></div></div>"},"articleType":{"articleType":"Videos","articleList":null,"content":null,"videoInfo":{"videoId":"695702954001","name":"The Spanish Alphabet","accountId":"622696558001","playerId":"default","thumbnailUrl":"//cf-images.us-east-1.prod.boltdns.net/v1/static/622696558001/2ab9efc8-653a-42e1-b7cf-23f9c7f44856/c5c827aa-9dfa-4777-910b-ee534a2cd5e6/160x90/match/image.jpg","description":"Correct Spanish pronunciation begins with the Spanish alphabet. Although the letters look the same, they are pronounced differently in Spanish. Practice pronouncing the letters as you hear consonants and vowels in this video tutorial.","uploadDate":"2023-06-30T16:05:11.295Z"}},"sponsorship":{"sponsorshipPage":false,"backgroundImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"brandingLine":"","brandingLink":"","brandingLogo":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"sponsorAd":"","sponsorEbookTitle":"","sponsorEbookLink":"","sponsorEbookImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0}},"primaryLearningPath":"Advance","lifeExpectancy":"Five years","lifeExpectancySetFrom":"2024-07-13T00:00:00+00:00","dummiesForKids":"no","sponsoredContent":"no","adInfo":"","adPairKey":[]},"status":"publish","visibility":"public","articleId":202765},{"headers":{"creationTime":"2017-03-26T23:09:03+00:00","modifiedTime":"2024-07-14T13:37:34+00:00","timestamp":"2024-07-14T15:01:03+00:00"},"data":{"breadcrumbs":[{"name":"Academics & The Arts","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33662"},"slug":"academics-the-arts","categoryId":33662},{"name":"Language & Language Arts","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33687"},"slug":"language-language-arts","categoryId":33687},{"name":"Learning Languages","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33689"},"slug":"learning-languages","categoryId":33689},{"name":"Spanish","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33705"},"slug":"spanish","categoryId":33705}],"title":"Pronouncing Consonants in Spanish","strippedTitle":"pronouncing consonants in spanish","slug":"pronouncing-consonants-in-spanish","canonicalUrl":"","快速搜指数擎简化":{"metaDescription":"In general, consonants tend to sound the same in English and Spanish when they are spoken within a word. But you’ll find a few differences in how certain conson","noIndex":0,"noFollow":0},"content":"In general, consonants tend to sound the same in English and Spanish when they are spoken within a word. But you’ll find a few differences in how certain consonants are pronounced in Spanish. Sometimes two letters have the same sound; other times one letter can be pronounced two ways. And in one instance, a letter is always silent! The following sections cover letters that may trip you up.\r\n<div class=\"x2 x2-top\">\r\n\r\n<div class=\"video-player-organism\"></div>\r\n\r\n</div>\r\n<h2 id=\"tab1\" >B and V: They share a sound</h2>\r\nThe consonants <b>b</b> and <b>v</b> are pronounced the same, the sound being somewhere between the two letters. This in-between pronunciation is a fuzzy, bland sound — closer to <b>v</b> than to <b>b</b>. If you position your lips and teeth to make a <i>v</i> sound, and then try to make a <i>b</i> sound, you’ll have it. To remind you to make this sound, the letter combination of <i>bv</i> is used in the pronunciation brackets for the sounds for both <b>b</b> and <b>v</b>:\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>bulevar</b> <i>(bvoo-leh-</i><i><u>bvahr</u></i><i>)</i> (boulevard)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>verbo</b> <i>(</i><i><u>bve</u></i><i><u>hr</u></i><i>-</i><i>boh</i><i>)</i> (verb)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<h2 id=\"tab2\" >C: The sound depends on the vowel</h2>\r\nYou can pronounce the consonant <b>c</b> in two ways, just like you can in English. It all depends on what letter follows it. A <b>c</b> in front of the vowels <b>a</b>, <b>o</b>, or <b>u</b> or any consonant but <b>h </b>sounds like the English <b>k</b>. The letter <i>k</i> designates this sound the pronunciation brackets:\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>colocar</b> <i>(</i><i>koh-loh-</i><i><u>kahr</u></i><i>)</i> (to put)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>ocaso</b><i> (oh-</i><i><u>kah</u></i><i>-soh)</i> (sunset)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\nWhen the letter <b>c</b> is in front of the vowels <b>e</b> or <b>i</b>, it sounds like the English <b>s</b>. In the pronunciation brackets, this sound is signaled as <i>s</i>:\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>acero</b> <i>(ah-</i><i><u>seh</u></i><i>-roh)</i> (steel)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>dulce</b> <i>(</i><i><u>dool</u></i><i>-seh</i><i>)</i> (sweet)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<h2 id=\"tab3\" >G: One letter, two sounds</h2>\r\nThe letter <b>g</b> has multiple personalities. When you combine <b>g</b> with a consonant or when you see it in front of the vowels <b>a</b>, <b>o</b>, and <b>u</b>, it sounds like the <b>g</b> in <i>goose</i>:\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>begonia</b> <i>(bveh-</i><i><u>goh</u></i><i>-neeah)</i> (begonia)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>gato</b> <i>(</i><i><u>gah</u></i><i>-toh)</i> (cat)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\nThe <b>g</b> changes personality in front of the vowels <b>e</b> and <b>i</b>. It sounds like the Spanish <b>j</b> (or the English <b>h</b>), which is signaled by the capital <i>H</i> in the pronunciation brackets:\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>agenda</b> <i>(ah-</i><i><u>Hehn</u></i><i>-dah)</i> (agenda)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>gerente</b> <i>(Heh-</i><i><u>rehn</u></i><i>-teh)</i> (manager)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\nTo hear the sound <b>g</b> (as in <i>goat</i>) in front of the vowels <b>e</b> and <b>i</b>, you must insert a <b>u</b>, making <b>gue</b><b>-</b> and <b>gui</b><b>-</b>. To remind you to make the goat sound (not <i>mmehehe</i>, but <i>g</i>), you’ll see <i>gh</i> in the pronunciation brackets:\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>guía</b> <i>(gheeah)</i> (guide)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>guerra</b> <i>(</i><i><u>gheh</u></i><i>-rrah)</i> (war)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<h2 id=\"tab4\" >H: Seen, but not heard</h2>\r\nIn Spanish, the letter <b>h</b> is always mute when it’s used in a word. That’s it!\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>hijo</b> <i>(</i><i><u>ee</u></i><i>-Hoh</i><i>)</i> (son)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>huevo</b> <i>(oo</i><i><u>eh</u></i><i>-bvoh)</i> (egg)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<h2 id=\"tab5\" >J: A bit of a tongue twister</h2>\r\nThe pronunciation of the consonant <b>j </b>sounds like a guttural <b>h</b>. To pronounce the letter <b>j</b><b> </b>within a word, say your <b>h</b>, but gently raise the back of your tongue, as if you’re saying <b>k</b>. Push the air out real hard, and you’ll get the sound. It's almost like gargling!\r\n\r\nA capital letter <i>H</i> within the pronunciation brackets signals this sound:\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Jijón</b> <i>(Hee-</i><i><u>Hohn</u></i><i>)</i> (the name of a city in Spain)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>tijera</b> <i>(tee-</i><i><u>Heh</u></i><i>-rah)</i> (scissors)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<h2 id=\"tab6\" >K: Rare, but mighty</h2>\r\n<p class=\"Remember\">In Spanish, the letter <b>k</b> is used only in words that have their origin in foreign languages. More often than not, this letter is seen in <b>kilo</b> <i>(</i><i><u>kee</u></i><i>-loh)</i>, meaning thousand. An example is <b>kilómetro</b> <i>(kee-</i><i><u>loh</u></i><i>-meh-troh)</i> (kilometer).</p>\r\n\r\n<h2 id=\"tab7\" >Q: Quirky, but common</h2>\r\nThe letter <b>q</b> is the substitute for <b>k</b> in Spanish. When the <b>k</b> sound is needed in front of the vowels <b>e</b> and <b>i</b>, it unfolds the letter combination <b>qu</b> (only a handful of Spanish words begin with <b>qua-</b> or <b>quo-</b>). The pronunciation of q is indicated by the letter <i>k</i> in pronunciation brackets:\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>paquete</b> <i>(pah-</i><i><u>keh</u></i><i>-teh)</i> (package)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>pequeño</b> <i>(peh-</i><i><u>keh</u></i><i>-nyoh)</i> (small)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<h2 id=\"tab8\" >S and Z: Two letters, one sound</h2>\r\nThe consonants <b>s</b> and <b>z</b> both sound like the English letter <b>s</b>. The letter <i>s</i> is used in the pronunciation brackets to signal this sound:\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>sorpresa</b> <i>(sohr-</i><i><u>preh</u></i><i>-sah)</i> (surprise)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>zarzuela</b> <i>(sahr-soo</i><i><u>eh</u></i><i>-lah)</i> (Spanish-style operetta)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>","description":"In general, consonants tend to sound the same in English and Spanish when they are spoken within a word. But you’ll find a few differences in how certain consonants are pronounced in Spanish. Sometimes two letters have the same sound; other times one letter can be pronounced two ways. And in one instance, a letter is always silent! The following sections cover letters that may trip you up.\r\n<div class=\"x2 x2-top\">\r\n\r\n<div class=\"video-player-organism\"></div>\r\n\r\n</div>\r\n<h2 id=\"tab1\" >B and V: They share a sound</h2>\r\nThe consonants <b>b</b> and <b>v</b> are pronounced the same, the sound being somewhere between the two letters. This in-between pronunciation is a fuzzy, bland sound — closer to <b>v</b> than to <b>b</b>. If you position your lips and teeth to make a <i>v</i> sound, and then try to make a <i>b</i> sound, you’ll have it. To remind you to make this sound, the letter combination of <i>bv</i> is used in the pronunciation brackets for the sounds for both <b>b</b> and <b>v</b>:\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>bulevar</b> <i>(bvoo-leh-</i><i><u>bvahr</u></i><i>)</i> (boulevard)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>verbo</b> <i>(</i><i><u>bve</u></i><i><u>hr</u></i><i>-</i><i>boh</i><i>)</i> (verb)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<h2 id=\"tab2\" >C: The sound depends on the vowel</h2>\r\nYou can pronounce the consonant <b>c</b> in two ways, just like you can in English. It all depends on what letter follows it. A <b>c</b> in front of the vowels <b>a</b>, <b>o</b>, or <b>u</b> or any consonant but <b>h </b>sounds like the English <b>k</b>. The letter <i>k</i> designates this sound the pronunciation brackets:\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>colocar</b> <i>(</i><i>koh-loh-</i><i><u>kahr</u></i><i>)</i> (to put)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>ocaso</b><i> (oh-</i><i><u>kah</u></i><i>-soh)</i> (sunset)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\nWhen the letter <b>c</b> is in front of the vowels <b>e</b> or <b>i</b>, it sounds like the English <b>s</b>. In the pronunciation brackets, this sound is signaled as <i>s</i>:\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>acero</b> <i>(ah-</i><i><u>seh</u></i><i>-roh)</i> (steel)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>dulce</b> <i>(</i><i><u>dool</u></i><i>-seh</i><i>)</i> (sweet)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<h2 id=\"tab3\" >G: One letter, two sounds</h2>\r\nThe letter <b>g</b> has multiple personalities. When you combine <b>g</b> with a consonant or when you see it in front of the vowels <b>a</b>, <b>o</b>, and <b>u</b>, it sounds like the <b>g</b> in <i>goose</i>:\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>begonia</b> <i>(bveh-</i><i><u>goh</u></i><i>-neeah)</i> (begonia)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>gato</b> <i>(</i><i><u>gah</u></i><i>-toh)</i> (cat)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\nThe <b>g</b> changes personality in front of the vowels <b>e</b> and <b>i</b>. It sounds like the Spanish <b>j</b> (or the English <b>h</b>), which is signaled by the capital <i>H</i> in the pronunciation brackets:\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>agenda</b> <i>(ah-</i><i><u>Hehn</u></i><i>-dah)</i> (agenda)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>gerente</b> <i>(Heh-</i><i><u>rehn</u></i><i>-teh)</i> (manager)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\nTo hear the sound <b>g</b> (as in <i>goat</i>) in front of the vowels <b>e</b> and <b>i</b>, you must insert a <b>u</b>, making <b>gue</b><b>-</b> and <b>gui</b><b>-</b>. To remind you to make the goat sound (not <i>mmehehe</i>, but <i>g</i>), you’ll see <i>gh</i> in the pronunciation brackets:\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>guía</b> <i>(gheeah)</i> (guide)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>guerra</b> <i>(</i><i><u>gheh</u></i><i>-rrah)</i> (war)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<h2 id=\"tab4\" >H: Seen, but not heard</h2>\r\nIn Spanish, the letter <b>h</b> is always mute when it’s used in a word. That’s it!\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>hijo</b> <i>(</i><i><u>ee</u></i><i>-Hoh</i><i>)</i> (son)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>huevo</b> <i>(oo</i><i><u>eh</u></i><i>-bvoh)</i> (egg)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<h2 id=\"tab5\" >J: A bit of a tongue twister</h2>\r\nThe pronunciation of the consonant <b>j </b>sounds like a guttural <b>h</b>. To pronounce the letter <b>j</b><b> </b>within a word, say your <b>h</b>, but gently raise the back of your tongue, as if you’re saying <b>k</b>. Push the air out real hard, and you’ll get the sound. It's almost like gargling!\r\n\r\nA capital letter <i>H</i> within the pronunciation brackets signals this sound:\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Jijón</b> <i>(Hee-</i><i><u>Hohn</u></i><i>)</i> (the name of a city in Spain)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>tijera</b> <i>(tee-</i><i><u>Heh</u></i><i>-rah)</i> (scissors)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<h2 id=\"tab6\" >K: Rare, but mighty</h2>\r\n<p class=\"Remember\">In Spanish, the letter <b>k</b> is used only in words that have their origin in foreign languages. More often than not, this letter is seen in <b>kilo</b> <i>(</i><i><u>kee</u></i><i>-loh)</i>, meaning thousand. An example is <b>kilómetro</b> <i>(kee-</i><i><u>loh</u></i><i>-meh-troh)</i> (kilometer).</p>\r\n\r\n<h2 id=\"tab7\" >Q: Quirky, but common</h2>\r\nThe letter <b>q</b> is the substitute for <b>k</b> in Spanish. When the <b>k</b> sound is needed in front of the vowels <b>e</b> and <b>i</b>, it unfolds the letter combination <b>qu</b> (only a handful of Spanish words begin with <b>qua-</b> or <b>quo-</b>). The pronunciation of q is indicated by the letter <i>k</i> in pronunciation brackets:\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>paquete</b> <i>(pah-</i><i><u>keh</u></i><i>-teh)</i> (package)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>pequeño</b> <i>(peh-</i><i><u>keh</u></i><i>-nyoh)</i> (small)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<h2 id=\"tab8\" >S and Z: Two letters, one sound</h2>\r\nThe consonants <b>s</b> and <b>z</b> both sound like the English letter <b>s</b>. The letter <i>s</i> is used in the pronunciation brackets to signal this sound:\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>sorpresa</b> <i>(sohr-</i><i><u>preh</u></i><i>-sah)</i> (surprise)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>zarzuela</b> <i>(sahr-soo</i><i><u>eh</u></i><i>-lah)</i> (Spanish-style operetta)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>","blurb":"","authors":[],"primaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":33705,"title":"Spanish","slug":"spanish","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33705"}},"secondaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"tertiaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"trendingArticles":null,"inThisArticle":[{"label":"B and V: They share a sound","target":"#tab1"},{"label":"C: The sound depends on the vowel","target":"#tab2"},{"label":"G: One letter, two sounds","target":"#tab3"},{"label":"H: Seen, but not heard","target":"#tab4"},{"label":"J: A bit of a tongue twister","target":"#tab5"},{"label":"K: Rare, but mighty","target":"#tab6"},{"label":"Q: Quirky, but common","target":"#tab7"},{"label":"S and Z: Two letters, one sound","target":"#tab8"}],"relatedArticles":{"fromBook":[],"fromCategory":[{"articleId":295744,"title":"Spanish Workbook For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"spanish-workbook-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","spanish"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/295744"}},{"articleId":210364,"title":"Spanish Introductions","slug":"spanish-introductions","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","spanish"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/210364"}},{"articleId":209434,"title":"Spanish Verbs For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"spanish-verbs-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","spanish"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/209434"}},{"articleId":209154,"title":"Spanish All-in-One For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"spanish-all-in-one-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","spanish"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/209154"}},{"articleId":208766,"title":"Spanish For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"spanish-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","spanish"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/208766"}}]},"hasRelatedBookFromSearch":false,"relatedBook":{"bookId":0,"slug":null,"isbn":null,"categoryList":null,"amazon":null,"image":null,"title":null,"testBankPinActivationLink":null,"bookOutOfPrint":false,"authorsInfo":null,"authors":null,"_links":null},"collections":[],"articleAds":{"footerAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;academics-the-arts&quot;,&quot;language-language-arts&quot;,&quot;learning-languages&quot;,&quot;spanish&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[null]}]\" id=\"du-slot-64b1632f368d4\"></div></div>","rightAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_right_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_right_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;academics-the-arts&quot;,&quot;language-language-arts&quot;,&quot;learning-languages&quot;,&quot;spanish&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[null]}]\" id=\"du-slot-64b1632f3715e\"></div></div>"},"articleType":{"articleType":"Videos","articleList":null,"content":null,"videoInfo":{"videoId":"695702956001","name":"Spanish Consonants","accountId":"622696558001","playerId":"default","thumbnailUrl":"//cf-images.us-east-1.prod.boltdns.net/v1/static/622696558001/d683e936-6a52-4568-8c3c-5d3110a947e2/1230cea2-b0bd-42d3-80fd-397a49445df7/160x90/match/image.jpg","description":"All but a handful of consonants sound the same in Spanish as they do in English. This video guides you through the consonants that are pronounced or used differently in Spanish. Practice pronouncing the letters as you hear them.","uploadDate":"2023-06-30T16:05:41.342Z"}},"sponsorship":{"sponsorshipPage":false,"backgroundImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"brandingLine":"","brandingLink":"","brandingLogo":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"sponsorAd":"","sponsorEbookTitle":"","sponsorEbookLink":"","sponsorEbookImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0}},"primaryLearningPath":"Explore","lifeExpectancy":"Five years","lifeExpectancySetFrom":"2024-07-13T00:00:00+00:00","dummiesForKids":"no","sponsoredContent":"no","adInfo":"","adPairKey":[]},"status":"publish","visibility":"public","articleId":202687},{"headers":{"creationTime":"2017-03-26T23:08:55+00:00","modifiedTime":"2024-07-14T13:35:33+00:00","timestamp":"2024-07-14T15:01:03+00:00"},"data":{"breadcrumbs":[{"name":"Academics & The Arts","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33662"},"slug":"academics-the-arts","categoryId":33662},{"name":"Language & Language Arts","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33687"},"slug":"language-language-arts","categoryId":33687},{"name":"Learning Languages","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33689"},"slug":"learning-languages","categoryId":33689},{"name":"Spanish","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33705"},"slug":"spanish","categoryId":33705}],"title":"How to Pronounce Vowels in Spanish","strippedTitle":"how to pronounce vowels in spanish","slug":"how-to-pronounce-vowels-in-spanish","canonicalUrl":"","快速搜指数擎简化":{"metaDescription":"The letters that are vowels in English are also vowels in Spanish, but they aren't always pronounced the same. Generally speaking, pronouncing vowels in Spanish","noIndex":0,"noFollow":0},"content":"<p>The letters that are vowels in English are also vowels in Spanish, but they aren't always pronounced the same. Generally speaking, pronouncing vowels in Spanish is a lot less complicated than pronouncing them in English.</p>\r\n<div class='x2 x2-top'><div class=\"video-player-organism\"></div></div>\r\n<p>You’re well aware that one vowel in English can have more than one sound. Look, for instance, at <i>fat</i> and <i>fate</i>. Both words have the vowel <b>a</b>, but they’re pronounced much differently from each other. The good news is that in Spanish, you always say the vowels one way, and one way only.</p>\r\n<p>If you want your Spanish to sound like a native’s, you have to concentrate on your vowels. They are</p>\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>a</b> <i>(ah)</i>: <b>atacar</b> <i>(ah-tah-</i><i><u>kahr</u></i><i>) </i>(attack)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>e</b> <i>(eh)</i>: <b>entender</b> <i>(ehn-</i><i><u>tehn</u></i><i>-</i><i>dehr</i><i>)</i> (to understand)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>i</b> <i>(ee)</i>: <b>vivir</b> <i>(bvee-</i><i><u>bveer</u></i><i>)</i> (to live)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>o</b> <i>(oh)</i>: <b>rojo</b><i> (</i><i><u>roh</u></i><i>-Hoh)</i> (red)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>u</b> <i>(oo)</i>: <b>cúrcuma</b><i> (</i><i><u>koor</u></i><i>-koo-mah)</i> (turmeric)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<p>Spanish sees each of these vowels by itself and makes other sounds by combining the vowels in twos, as in these examples:</p>\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>abuela</b> <i>(ah-bvoo</i><i><u>eh</u></i><i>-lah)</i> (grandmother)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>feo</b><i> (</i><i><u>feh</u></i><i>-oh)</i> (ugly)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>miércoles</b><i> (mee</i><i><u>ehr</u></i><i>-koh-lehs)</i> (Wednesday)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<p class=\"Remember\">The letter <b>y</b>, which can be either a consonant or vowel in English, is only used as a consonant in Spanish.</p>","description":"<p>The letters that are vowels in English are also vowels in Spanish, but they aren't always pronounced the same. Generally speaking, pronouncing vowels in Spanish is a lot less complicated than pronouncing them in English.</p>\r\n<div class='x2 x2-top'><div class=\"video-player-organism\"></div></div>\r\n<p>You’re well aware that one vowel in English can have more than one sound. Look, for instance, at <i>fat</i> and <i>fate</i>. Both words have the vowel <b>a</b>, but they’re pronounced much differently from each other. The good news is that in Spanish, you always say the vowels one way, and one way only.</p>\r\n<p>If you want your Spanish to sound like a native’s, you have to concentrate on your vowels. They are</p>\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>a</b> <i>(ah)</i>: <b>atacar</b> <i>(ah-tah-</i><i><u>kahr</u></i><i>) </i>(attack)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>e</b> <i>(eh)</i>: <b>entender</b> <i>(ehn-</i><i><u>tehn</u></i><i>-</i><i>dehr</i><i>)</i> (to understand)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>i</b> <i>(ee)</i>: <b>vivir</b> <i>(bvee-</i><i><u>bveer</u></i><i>)</i> (to live)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>o</b> <i>(oh)</i>: <b>rojo</b><i> (</i><i><u>roh</u></i><i>-Hoh)</i> (red)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>u</b> <i>(oo)</i>: <b>cúrcuma</b><i> (</i><i><u>koor</u></i><i>-koo-mah)</i> (turmeric)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<p>Spanish sees each of these vowels by itself and makes other sounds by combining the vowels in twos, as in these examples:</p>\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>abuela</b> <i>(ah-bvoo</i><i><u>eh</u></i><i>-lah)</i> (grandmother)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>feo</b><i> (</i><i><u>feh</u></i><i>-oh)</i> (ugly)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>miércoles</b><i> (mee</i><i><u>ehr</u></i><i>-koh-lehs)</i> (Wednesday)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<p class=\"Remember\">The letter <b>y</b>, which can be either a consonant or vowel in English, is only used as a consonant in Spanish.</p>","blurb":"","authors":[],"primaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":33705,"title":"Spanish","slug":"spanish","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33705"}},"secondaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"tertiaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"trendingArticles":null,"inThisArticle":[],"relatedArticles":{"fromBook":[],"fromCategory":[{"articleId":295744,"title":"Spanish Workbook For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"spanish-workbook-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","spanish"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/295744"}},{"articleId":210364,"title":"Spanish Introductions","slug":"spanish-introductions","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","spanish"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/210364"}},{"articleId":209434,"title":"Spanish Verbs For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"spanish-verbs-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","spanish"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/209434"}},{"articleId":209154,"title":"Spanish All-in-One For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"spanish-all-in-one-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","spanish"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/209154"}},{"articleId":208766,"title":"Spanish For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"spanish-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","spanish"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/208766"}}]},"hasRelatedBookFromSearch":false,"relatedBook":{"bookId":0,"slug":null,"isbn":null,"categoryList":null,"amazon":null,"image":null,"title":null,"testBankPinActivationLink":null,"bookOutOfPrint":false,"authorsInfo":null,"authors":null,"_links":null},"collections":[],"articleAds":{"footerAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;academics-the-arts&quot;,&quot;language-language-arts&quot;,&quot;learning-languages&quot;,&quot;spanish&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[null]}]\" id=\"du-slot-64b1632f2ed0d\"></div></div>","rightAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_right_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_right_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;academics-the-arts&quot;,&quot;language-language-arts&quot;,&quot;learning-languages&quot;,&quot;spanish&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[null]}]\" id=\"du-slot-64b1632f2f7b7\"></div></div>"},"articleType":{"articleType":"Videos","articleList":null,"content":null,"videoInfo":{"videoId":"695271962001","name":"Spanish Vowels","accountId":"622696558001","playerId":"default","thumbnailUrl":"//cf-images.us-east-1.prod.boltdns.net/v1/static/622696558001/76e7632b-fd1e-428a-b397-4b68c6b5f827/cfd58cf8-64b0-4518-877e-b55233ee42dc/160x90/match/image.jpg","description":"In Spanish, vowels don't change the way they are pronounced based on the other letters around them. Every vowel has a single pronunciation nearly every time. This video guides you through those vowels and how they are pronounced.","uploadDate":"2023-06-30T16:05:42.598Z"}},"sponsorship":{"sponsorshipPage":false,"backgroundImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"brandingLine":"","brandingLink":"","brandingLogo":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"sponsorAd":"","sponsorEbookTitle":"","sponsorEbookLink":"","sponsorEbookImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0}},"primaryLearningPath":"Explore","lifeExpectancy":"Five years","lifeExpectancySetFrom":"2024-07-14T00:00:00+00:00","dummiesForKids":"no","sponsoredContent":"no","adInfo":"","adPairKey":[]},"status":"publish","visibility":"public","articleId":202665},{"headers":{"creationTime":"2017-03-28T14:39:49+00:00","modifiedTime":"2024-07-13T19:51:42+00:00","timestamp":"2024-07-13T21:01:03+00:00"},"data":{"breadcrumbs":[{"name":"Academics & The Arts","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33662"},"slug":"academics-the-arts","categoryId":33662},{"name":"Language & Language Arts","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33687"},"slug":"language-language-arts","categoryId":33687},{"name":"Learning Languages","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33689"},"slug":"learning-languages","categoryId":33689},{"name":"Spanish","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33705"},"slug":"spanish","categoryId":33705}],"title":"Spanish Introductions","strippedTitle":"spanish introductions","slug":"spanish-introductions","canonicalUrl":"","快速搜指数擎简化":{"metaDescription":"Introducing yourself or someone else in Spanish requires more than \"Hola. Me llamo . . .\" Spanish has informal and formal greetings and introductions. This vide","noIndex":0,"noFollow":0},"content":"<div class='x2 x2-top'><div class=\"video-player-organism\"></div></div>Introducing yourself or someone else in Spanish requires more than \"Hola. Me llamo . . .\" Spanish has informal and formal greetings and introductions. This video tutorial lets you hear pronunciation and explains the rules for using formal and informal greetings and introductions.","description":"<div class='x2 x2-top'><div class=\"video-player-organism\"></div></div>Introducing yourself or someone else in Spanish requires more than \"Hola. Me llamo . . .\" Spanish has informal and formal greetings and introductions. This video tutorial lets you hear pronunciation and explains the rules for using formal and informal greetings and introductions.","blurb":"","authors":[],"primaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":33705,"title":"Spanish","slug":"spanish","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33705"}},"secondaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"tertiaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"trendingArticles":null,"inThisArticle":[],"relatedArticles":{"fromBook":[],"fromCategory":[{"articleId":295744,"title":"Spanish Workbook For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"spanish-workbook-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","spanish"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/295744"}},{"articleId":209434,"title":"Spanish Verbs For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"spanish-verbs-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","spanish"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/209434"}},{"articleId":209154,"title":"Spanish All-in-One For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"spanish-all-in-one-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","spanish"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/209154"}},{"articleId":208766,"title":"Spanish For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"spanish-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","spanish"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/208766"}},{"articleId":208340,"title":"Spanish Grammar For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"spanish-grammar-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","spanish"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/208340"}}]},"hasRelatedBookFromSearch":false,"relatedBook":{"bookId":0,"slug":null,"isbn":null,"categoryList":null,"amazon":null,"image":null,"title":null,"testBankPinActivationLink":null,"bookOutOfPrint":false,"authorsInfo":null,"authors":null,"_links":null},"collections":[],"articleAds":{"footerAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;academics-the-arts&quot;,&quot;language-language-arts&quot;,&quot;learning-languages&quot;,&quot;spanish&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[null]}]\" id=\"du-slot-64b0660f2dffc\"></div></div>","rightAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_right_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_right_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;academics-the-arts&quot;,&quot;language-language-arts&quot;,&quot;learning-languages&quot;,&quot;spanish&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[null]}]\" id=\"du-slot-64b0660f2e88b\"></div></div>"},"articleType":{"articleType":"Videos","articleList":null,"content":null,"videoInfo":{"videoId":"695271958001","name":"Spanish Introductions","accountId":"622696558001","playerId":"default","thumbnailUrl":"//cf-images.us-east-1.prod.boltdns.net/v1/static/622696558001/2471f235-feb9-42bf-9166-69476be93c54/ea1abde1-db7b-4ada-8214-ed11ebd6a088/160x90/match/image.jpg","description":"Introducing yourself or someone else in Spanish requires more than &quot;Hola. Me llamo . . .&quot; Spanish has informal and formal greetings and introductions. This video tutorial lets you hear pronunciation and explains the rules.","uploadDate":"2023-06-30T16:03:58.08Z"}},"sponsorship":{"sponsorshipPage":false,"backgroundImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"brandingLine":"","brandingLink":"","brandingLogo":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"sponsorAd":"","sponsorEbookTitle":"","sponsorEbookLink":"","sponsorEbookImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0}},"primaryLearningPath":"Advance","lifeExpectancy":"Five years","lifeExpectancySetFrom":"2024-07-13T00:00:00+00:00","dummiesForKids":"no","sponsoredContent":"no","adInfo":"","adPairKey":[]},"status":"publish","visibility":"public","articleId":210364},{"headers":{"creationTime":"2017-03-26T23:08:59+00:00","modifiedTime":"2024-06-06T15:40:14+00:00","timestamp":"2024-06-06T18:01:03+00:00"},"data":{"breadcrumbs":[{"name":"Academics & The Arts","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33662"},"slug":"academics-the-arts","categoryId":33662},{"name":"Language & Language Arts","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33687"},"slug":"language-language-arts","categoryId":33687},{"name":"Learning Languages","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33689"},"slug":"learning-languages","categoryId":33689},{"name":"Spanish","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33705"},"slug":"spanish","categoryId":33705}],"title":"How To Express the Spanish Pluperfect Subjunctive","strippedTitle":"how to express the spanish pluperfect subjunctive","slug":"wishing-about-the-past-with-the-spanish-pluperfect-subjunctive","canonicalUrl":"","快速搜指数擎简化":{"metaDescription":"Spanish uses the pluperfect subjunctive more than English does. If you’ve ever hoped or expected that something had happened, you probably hoped or expected in ","noIndex":0,"noFollow":0},"content":"Spanish uses the <i>pluperfect subjunctive</i> more than English does. If you’ve ever hoped or expected that something had happened, you probably hoped or expected in this verb tense and probably didn’t even realize it. In English, you don’t really use the pluperfect subjunctive, but you use something similar to it in sentences like this one: <b>I wished that I had slept before the party.</b>\r\n\r\nThe main clause, <i>I wished</i><i>,</i> is in the past tense, and what I wished for — <i>that I had slept before the party</i> — is in the pluperfect, which also is called the past perfect tense. And because what I wished for didn’t happen, it’s subjunctive.\r\n\r\nLike other compound tenses, you form the Spanish pluperfect subjunctive by conjugating the verb <b>haber</b> (to have) in the imperfect subjunctive tense. Then you add the past participle of the main verb.\r\n\r\nThe chart that follows shows the verb <b>haber</b> conjugated in the imperfect tense.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab1\" >The Imperfect Tense of <strong>Haber</strong></h2>\r\n<table>\r\n<tbody>\r\n<tr>\r\n<th>Conjugation</th>\r\n<th>Translation</th>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td>yo hubiera</td>\r\n<td><b>I would have</b></td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td>tú hubieras</td>\r\n<td><b>You (informal)</b> <b>would</b> <b>have</b></td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td>él/ella/ello/uno hubiera</td>\r\n<td><b>He/she/one</b> <b>would</b> <b>have</b></td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td>usted hubiera</td>\r\n<td><b>You (formal)</b> <b>would</b> <b>have</b></td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td>nosotros hubiéramos</td>\r\n<td><b>We</b> <b>would</b> <b>have</b></td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td>vosotros hubierais</td>\r\n<td><b>You all (informal)</b> <b>would</b> <b>have</b></td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td>ellos/ellas hubieran</td>\r\n<td><b>They</b> <b>would</b> <b>have</b></td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td>ustedes hubieran</td>\r\n<td><b>You all (formal)</b> <b>would</b> <b>have</b></td>\r\n</tr>\r\n</tbody>\r\n</table>\r\nNotice that the first person singular <b>(yo)</b> and the third person singular <b>(él, ella, Ud.)</b> forms of this conjugation are the same.\r\n\r\nTake a look at the following examples to see how the pluperfect subjunctive is used.\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Fue una lástima que ellos no <i>hubieran comprador</i> una casa en nuestro vecindario.</b> It was a pity that they hadn’t bought a house in our neighborhood.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Ellos creían que nosotros <i>hubieramos comido</i> antes de llegar.</b> They believed that we had eaten before arriving.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>","description":"Spanish uses the <i>pluperfect subjunctive</i> more than English does. If you’ve ever hoped or expected that something had happened, you probably hoped or expected in this verb tense and probably didn’t even realize it. In English, you don’t really use the pluperfect subjunctive, but you use something similar to it in sentences like this one: <b>I wished that I had slept before the party.</b>\r\n\r\nThe main clause, <i>I wished</i><i>,</i> is in the past tense, and what I wished for — <i>that I had slept before the party</i> — is in the pluperfect, which also is called the past perfect tense. And because what I wished for didn’t happen, it’s subjunctive.\r\n\r\nLike other compound tenses, you form the Spanish pluperfect subjunctive by conjugating the verb <b>haber</b> (to have) in the imperfect subjunctive tense. Then you add the past participle of the main verb.\r\n\r\nThe chart that follows shows the verb <b>haber</b> conjugated in the imperfect tense.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab1\" >The Imperfect Tense of <strong>Haber</strong></h2>\r\n<table>\r\n<tbody>\r\n<tr>\r\n<th>Conjugation</th>\r\n<th>Translation</th>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td>yo hubiera</td>\r\n<td><b>I would have</b></td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td>tú hubieras</td>\r\n<td><b>You (informal)</b> <b>would</b> <b>have</b></td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td>él/ella/ello/uno hubiera</td>\r\n<td><b>He/she/one</b> <b>would</b> <b>have</b></td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td>usted hubiera</td>\r\n<td><b>You (formal)</b> <b>would</b> <b>have</b></td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td>nosotros hubiéramos</td>\r\n<td><b>We</b> <b>would</b> <b>have</b></td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td>vosotros hubierais</td>\r\n<td><b>You all (informal)</b> <b>would</b> <b>have</b></td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td>ellos/ellas hubieran</td>\r\n<td><b>They</b> <b>would</b> <b>have</b></td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td>ustedes hubieran</td>\r\n<td><b>You all (formal)</b> <b>would</b> <b>have</b></td>\r\n</tr>\r\n</tbody>\r\n</table>\r\nNotice that the first person singular <b>(yo)</b> and the third person singular <b>(él, ella, Ud.)</b> forms of this conjugation are the same.\r\n\r\nTake a look at the following examples to see how the pluperfect subjunctive is used.\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Fue una lástima que ellos no <i>hubieran comprador</i> una casa en nuestro vecindario.</b> It was a pity that they hadn’t bought a house in our neighborhood.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Ellos creían que nosotros <i>hubieramos comido</i> antes de llegar.</b> They believed that we had eaten before arriving.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>","blurb":"","authors":[],"primaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":33705,"title":"Spanish","slug":"spanish","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33705"}},"secondaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"tertiaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"trendingArticles":null,"inThisArticle":[{"label":"The Imperfect Tense of Haber","target":"#tab1"}],"relatedArticles":{"fromBook":[],"fromCategory":[{"articleId":295744,"title":"Spanish Workbook For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"spanish-workbook-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","spanish"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/295744"}},{"articleId":209434,"title":"Spanish Verbs For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"spanish-verbs-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","spanish"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/209434"}},{"articleId":209154,"title":"Spanish All-in-One For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"spanish-all-in-one-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","spanish"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/209154"}},{"articleId":208766,"title":"Spanish For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"spanish-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","spanish"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/208766"}},{"articleId":208340,"title":"Spanish Grammar For Dummies Cheat 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class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_right_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_right_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;academics-the-arts&quot;,&quot;language-language-arts&quot;,&quot;learning-languages&quot;,&quot;spanish&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[null]}]\" id=\"du-slot-647f745f89c31\"></div></div>"},"articleType":{"articleType":"Articles","articleList":null,"content":null,"videoInfo":{"videoId":null,"name":null,"accountId":null,"playerId":null,"thumbnailUrl":null,"description":null,"uploadDate":null}},"sponsorship":{"sponsorshipPage":false,"backgroundImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"brandingLine":"","brandingLink":"","brandingLogo":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"sponsorAd":"","sponsorEbookTitle":"","sponsorEbookLink":"","sponsorEbookImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0}},"primaryLearningPath":"Advance","lifeExpectancy":"Five years","lifeExpectancySetFrom":"2023-09-29T00:00:00+00:00","dummiesForKids":"no","sponsoredContent":"no","adInfo":"","adPairKey":[]},"status":"publish","visibility":"public","articleId":202678},{"headers":{"creationTime":"2017-03-26T23:09:55+00:00","modifiedTime":"2024-05-09T19:10:33+00:00","timestamp":"2024-05-09T21:01:02+00:00"},"data":{"breadcrumbs":[{"name":"Academics & The Arts","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33662"},"slug":"academics-the-arts","categoryId":33662},{"name":"Language & Language Arts","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33687"},"slug":"language-language-arts","categoryId":33687},{"name":"Learning Languages","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33689"},"slug":"learning-languages","categoryId":33689},{"name":"Spanish","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33705"},"slug":"spanish","categoryId":33705}],"title":"Using Demonstrative Adjectives in Spanish Sentences","strippedTitle":"using demonstrative adjectives in spanish sentences","slug":"using-demonstrative-adjectives-in-spanish-sentences","canonicalUrl":"","快速搜指数擎简化":{"metaDescription":"Dropping demonstrative adjectives into your Spanish vocabulary will help you express exactly what or whom you’re seeking. But first, you need to understand what","noIndex":0,"noFollow":0},"content":"<p>Dropping demonstrative adjectives into your Spanish vocabulary will help you express exactly what or whom you’re seeking. But first, you need to understand what demonstrative adjectives stand for and how they translate in Spanish. Then you’ll be ready to absorb the basics of their usage.</p>\r\n<p>Demonstrative adjectives indicate or point out the person, place, or thing to which a speaker is referring. For instance, “this shirt” or “that pair of pants.” They precede and agree in number and gender with the nouns they modify. In Spanish, you select the demonstrative adjective according to the distance of the noun from the speaker. The following table presents demonstrative adjectives and addresses this distance issue.</p>\r\n\r\n<h2 id=\"tab1\" >Spanish Demonstrative Adjectives</h2>\r\n<table>\r\n<tr>\r\n<th>Number</th>\r\n<th>Masculine</th>\r\n<th>Feminine</th>\r\n<th>Meaning</th>\r\n<th>Distance</th>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td>Singular/Plural</td>\r\n<td><b>este</b><b>/</b><b>estos</b></td>\r\n<td><b>esta</b><b>/</b><b>estas</b></td>\r\n<td><i>this</i><i>/</i><i>these</i></td>\r\n<td>Near to or directly concerned with speaker</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td>Singular/Plural</td>\r\n<td><b>ese</b><b>/</b><b>esos</b></td>\r\n<td><b>esa</b><b>/</b><b>esas</b></td>\r\n<td><i>that</i><i>/</i><i>those</i></td>\r\n<td>Not particularly near to or directly concerned with\r\nspeaker</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td>Singular/Plural</td>\r\n<td><b>aquel</b><b>/</b><b>aquellos</b></td>\r\n<td><b>aquella</b><b>/</b><b>aquellas</b></td>\r\n<td><i>that</i><i>/</i><i>those</i></td>\r\n<td>Far from and not directly concerned with speaker</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n</table>\r\n<p>The following list shows these demonstrative adjectives in action:</p>\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>Estos pantalones son cortos y esta camisa es larga.</b> <i>(</i><i>These pants are short and this shirt is large.</i><i>)</i></p>\r\n </li>\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>Tengo que hablar con esa muchacha y esos muchachos ahí.</b> <i>(</i><i>I have to speak to that girl and those boys there.</i><i>)</i></p>\r\n </li>\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>Aquellos países son grandes y aquellas ciudades son pequeñas.</b> <i>(</i><i>Those countries are large and those cities are small.</i><i>)</i></p>\r\n </li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<p>Here’s what you need to know about demonstrative adjectives in Spanish:</p>\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\">You use them before each noun:</p>\r\n<p class=\"child-para\"><b>este abogado y ese cliente</b> (this lawyer and that client)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\">You can use adverbs to reinforce location:</p>\r\n<p class=\"child-para\"><b>esta casa aquí</b> (this house here)</p>\r\n<p class=\"child-para\"><b>esas casas ahí</b> (those houses there)</p>\r\n<p class=\"child-para\"><b>aquella casa allá</b> (that house over there)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n</ul>","description":"<p>Dropping demonstrative adjectives into your Spanish vocabulary will help you express exactly what or whom you’re seeking. But first, you need to understand what demonstrative adjectives stand for and how they translate in Spanish. Then you’ll be ready to absorb the basics of their usage.</p>\r\n<p>Demonstrative adjectives indicate or point out the person, place, or thing to which a speaker is referring. For instance, “this shirt” or “that pair of pants.” They precede and agree in number and gender with the nouns they modify. In Spanish, you select the demonstrative adjective according to the distance of the noun from the speaker. The following table presents demonstrative adjectives and addresses this distance issue.</p>\r\n\r\n<h2 id=\"tab1\" >Spanish Demonstrative Adjectives</h2>\r\n<table>\r\n<tr>\r\n<th>Number</th>\r\n<th>Masculine</th>\r\n<th>Feminine</th>\r\n<th>Meaning</th>\r\n<th>Distance</th>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td>Singular/Plural</td>\r\n<td><b>este</b><b>/</b><b>estos</b></td>\r\n<td><b>esta</b><b>/</b><b>estas</b></td>\r\n<td><i>this</i><i>/</i><i>these</i></td>\r\n<td>Near to or directly concerned with speaker</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td>Singular/Plural</td>\r\n<td><b>ese</b><b>/</b><b>esos</b></td>\r\n<td><b>esa</b><b>/</b><b>esas</b></td>\r\n<td><i>that</i><i>/</i><i>those</i></td>\r\n<td>Not particularly near to or directly concerned with\r\nspeaker</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td>Singular/Plural</td>\r\n<td><b>aquel</b><b>/</b><b>aquellos</b></td>\r\n<td><b>aquella</b><b>/</b><b>aquellas</b></td>\r\n<td><i>that</i><i>/</i><i>those</i></td>\r\n<td>Far from and not directly concerned with speaker</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n</table>\r\n<p>The following list shows these demonstrative adjectives in action:</p>\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>Estos pantalones son cortos y esta camisa es larga.</b> <i>(</i><i>These pants are short and this shirt is large.</i><i>)</i></p>\r\n </li>\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>Tengo que hablar con esa muchacha y esos muchachos ahí.</b> <i>(</i><i>I have to speak to that girl and those boys there.</i><i>)</i></p>\r\n </li>\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>Aquellos países son grandes y aquellas ciudades son pequeñas.</b> <i>(</i><i>Those countries are large and those cities are small.</i><i>)</i></p>\r\n </li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<p>Here’s what you need to know about demonstrative adjectives in Spanish:</p>\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\">You use them before each noun:</p>\r\n<p class=\"child-para\"><b>este abogado y ese cliente</b> (this lawyer and that client)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\">You can use adverbs to reinforce location:</p>\r\n<p class=\"child-para\"><b>esta casa aquí</b> (this house here)</p>\r\n<p class=\"child-para\"><b>esas casas ahí</b> (those houses there)</p>\r\n<p class=\"child-para\"><b>aquella casa allá</b> (that house over there)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n</ul>","blurb":"","authors":[{"authorId":9002,"name":"Gail Stein","slug":"gail-stein","description":" <p><b>Gail Stein, MA,</b> was a foreign language instructor for more than 30 years and wrote <i>Intermediate Spanish For Dummies.</i> <p><b>Cecie Kraynak, MA,</b> is a Spanish teacher and authored <i>Spanish Verbs For Dummies.</i> ","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/9002"}}],"primaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":33705,"title":"Spanish","slug":"spanish","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33705"}},"secondaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"tertiaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"trendingArticles":null,"inThisArticle":[{"label":"Spanish Demonstrative Adjectives","target":"#tab1"}],"relatedArticles":{"fromBook":[],"fromCategory":[{"articleId":295744,"title":"Spanish Workbook For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"spanish-workbook-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","spanish"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/295744"}},{"articleId":209434,"title":"Spanish Verbs For Dummies Cheat 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class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_right_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_right_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;academics-the-arts&quot;,&quot;language-language-arts&quot;,&quot;learning-languages&quot;,&quot;spanish&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[null]}]\" id=\"du-slot-645ab48edb75d\"></div></div>"},"articleType":{"articleType":"Articles","articleList":null,"content":null,"videoInfo":{"videoId":null,"name":null,"accountId":null,"playerId":null,"thumbnailUrl":null,"description":null,"uploadDate":null}},"sponsorship":{"sponsorshipPage":false,"backgroundImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"brandingLine":"","brandingLink":"","brandingLogo":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"sponsorAd":"","sponsorEbookTitle":"","sponsorEbookLink":"","sponsorEbookImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0}},"primaryLearningPath":"Advance","lifeExpectancy":"Five years","lifeExpectancySetFrom":"2024-05-09T00:00:00+00:00","dummiesForKids":"no","sponsoredContent":"no","adInfo":"","adPairKey":[]},"status":"publish","visibility":"public","articleId":202809},{"headers":{"creationTime":"2017-03-26T23:10:00+00:00","modifiedTime":"2024-05-09T19:09:25+00:00","timestamp":"2024-05-09T21:01:02+00:00"},"data":{"breadcrumbs":[{"name":"Academics & The Arts","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33662"},"slug":"academics-the-arts","categoryId":33662},{"name":"Language & Language Arts","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33687"},"slug":"language-language-arts","categoryId":33687},{"name":"Learning Languages","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33689"},"slug":"learning-languages","categoryId":33689},{"name":"Spanish","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33705"},"slug":"spanish","categoryId":33705}],"title":"Forming Sentences in Spanish with Demonstrative Pronouns","strippedTitle":"forming sentences in spanish with demonstrative pronouns","slug":"forming-sentences-in-spanish-with-demonstrative-pronouns","canonicalUrl":"","快速搜指数擎简化":{"metaDescription":"Demonstrative pronouns can make your Spanish flow more naturally in both writing and conversation. So how exactly can you go about forming sentences with demons","noIndex":0,"noFollow":0},"content":"<p>Demonstrative pronouns can make your Spanish flow more naturally in both writing and conversation. So how exactly can you go about forming sentences with demonstrative pronouns? First, you need to understand what they stand for and how they translate in Spanish. Then you’ll be ready to absorb the basics of their usage.</p>\r\n<p>Demonstrative pronouns, which replace <a href=\"//coursofppt.com/article/academics-the-arts/language-language-arts/learning-languages/spanish/using-demonstrative-adjectives-in-spanish-sentences-202809/\">demonstrative adjectives</a> and their nouns, express <i>this (one), that (one), these (ones),</i> or <i>those (ones).</i> The only difference between a demonstrative adjective and a demonstrative pronoun in terms of writing is the addition of an accent to the pronoun, as you can see in the following table.</p>\r\n\r\n<h2 id=\"tab1\" >Spanish Demonstrative Pronouns</h2>\r\n<table>\r\n<tr>\r\n<th>Number</th>\r\n<th>Masculine</th>\r\n<th>Feminine</th>\r\n<th>Meaning</th>\r\n<th>Distance</th>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td>Singular/Plural</td>\r\n<td><b>éste/éstos</b></td>\r\n<td><b>ésta/éstas</b></td>\r\n<td><i>this</i> (one)/<i>these</i> (ones)</td>\r\n<td>Near to or directly concerned with speaker</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td>Singular/Plural</td>\r\n<td><b>ése/ésos</b></td>\r\n<td><b>ésa/ésas</b></td>\r\n<td><i>that</i> (one)/<i>those</i> (ones)</td>\r\n<td>Not particularly near to or directly concerned with\r\nspeaker</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td>Singular/Plural</td>\r\n<td><b>aquél/aquéllos</b></td>\r\n<td><b>aquélla/aquéllas</b></td>\r\n<td><i>that</i> (one)/<i>those</i> (ones)</td>\r\n<td>Far from and not directly concerned with speaker</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n</table>\r\n<p>The following list shows some examples of these demonstrative pronouns in action:</p>\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>Mire éstos y ésta también.</b> (Look at these and this one, too.)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>Quiero ése y ésas.</b> (I want that and those.)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>Aquél es viejo y aquélla es moderno.</b> (That one is old and that one is modern.)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<p class=\"Remember\">Here’s what you need to know about demonstrative pronouns in Spanish:</p>\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\">They agree in number and gender with the nouns they replace:</p>\r\n<p class=\"child-para\"><b>Me gusta este coche y ésos. </b>(I like this car and those.)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\">You use a form of <b>aquél</b> to express the former and a form of <b>éste</b> to express the latter:</p>\r\n<p class=\"child-para\"><b>Patricia es la hermana de Francisco; éste es rubio y aquélla es morena.</b> (Patricia is the sister of Francisco; Francisco [the latter] is blond and Patricia [the former] is brunette.)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n</ul>","description":"<p>Demonstrative pronouns can make your Spanish flow more naturally in both writing and conversation. So how exactly can you go about forming sentences with demonstrative pronouns? First, you need to understand what they stand for and how they translate in Spanish. Then you’ll be ready to absorb the basics of their usage.</p>\r\n<p>Demonstrative pronouns, which replace <a href=\"//coursofppt.com/article/academics-the-arts/language-language-arts/learning-languages/spanish/using-demonstrative-adjectives-in-spanish-sentences-202809/\">demonstrative adjectives</a> and their nouns, express <i>this (one), that (one), these (ones),</i> or <i>those (ones).</i> The only difference between a demonstrative adjective and a demonstrative pronoun in terms of writing is the addition of an accent to the pronoun, as you can see in the following table.</p>\r\n\r\n<h2 id=\"tab1\" >Spanish Demonstrative Pronouns</h2>\r\n<table>\r\n<tr>\r\n<th>Number</th>\r\n<th>Masculine</th>\r\n<th>Feminine</th>\r\n<th>Meaning</th>\r\n<th>Distance</th>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td>Singular/Plural</td>\r\n<td><b>éste/éstos</b></td>\r\n<td><b>ésta/éstas</b></td>\r\n<td><i>this</i> (one)/<i>these</i> (ones)</td>\r\n<td>Near to or directly concerned with speaker</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td>Singular/Plural</td>\r\n<td><b>ése/ésos</b></td>\r\n<td><b>ésa/ésas</b></td>\r\n<td><i>that</i> (one)/<i>those</i> (ones)</td>\r\n<td>Not particularly near to or directly concerned with\r\nspeaker</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td>Singular/Plural</td>\r\n<td><b>aquél/aquéllos</b></td>\r\n<td><b>aquélla/aquéllas</b></td>\r\n<td><i>that</i> (one)/<i>those</i> (ones)</td>\r\n<td>Far from and not directly concerned with speaker</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n</table>\r\n<p>The following list shows some examples of these demonstrative pronouns in action:</p>\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>Mire éstos y ésta también.</b> (Look at these and this one, too.)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>Quiero ése y ésas.</b> (I want that and those.)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>Aquél es viejo y aquélla es moderno.</b> (That one is old and that one is modern.)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<p class=\"Remember\">Here’s what you need to know about demonstrative pronouns in Spanish:</p>\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\">They agree in number and gender with the nouns they replace:</p>\r\n<p class=\"child-para\"><b>Me gusta este coche y ésos. </b>(I like this car and those.)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\">You use a form of <b>aquél</b> to express the former and a form of <b>éste</b> to express the latter:</p>\r\n<p class=\"child-para\"><b>Patricia es la hermana de Francisco; éste es rubio y aquélla es morena.</b> (Patricia is the sister of Francisco; Francisco [the latter] is blond and Patricia [the former] is brunette.)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n</ul>","blurb":"","authors":[{"authorId":9002,"name":"Gail Stein","slug":"gail-stein","description":" <p><b>Gail Stein, MA,</b> was a foreign language instructor for more than 30 years and wrote <i>Intermediate Spanish For Dummies.</i> <p><b>Cecie Kraynak, MA,</b> is a Spanish teacher and authored <i>Spanish Verbs For Dummies.</i> ","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/9002"}}],"primaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":33705,"title":"Spanish","slug":"spanish","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33705"}},"secondaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"tertiaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"trendingArticles":null,"inThisArticle":[{"label":"Spanish Demonstrative Pronouns","target":"#tab1"}],"relatedArticles":{"fromBook":[],"fromCategory":[{"articleId":295744,"title":"Spanish Workbook For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"spanish-workbook-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","spanish"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/295744"}},{"articleId":209434,"title":"Spanish Verbs For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"spanish-verbs-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","spanish"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/209434"}},{"articleId":209154,"title":"Spanish All-in-One For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"spanish-all-in-one-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","spanish"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/209154"}},{"articleId":208766,"title":"Spanish For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"spanish-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","spanish"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/208766"}},{"articleId":208340,"title":"Spanish Grammar For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"spanish-grammar-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","spanish"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/208340"}}]},"hasRelatedBookFromSearch":false,"relatedBook":{"bookId":0,"slug":null,"isbn":null,"categoryList":null,"amazon":null,"image":null,"title":null,"testBankPinActivationLink":null,"bookOutOfPrint":false,"authorsInfo":null,"authors":null,"_links":null},"collections":[],"articleAds":{"footerAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;academics-the-arts&quot;,&quot;language-language-arts&quot;,&quot;learning-languages&quot;,&quot;spanish&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[null]}]\" id=\"du-slot-645ab48ea1dd2\"></div></div>","rightAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_right_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_right_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;academics-the-arts&quot;,&quot;language-language-arts&quot;,&quot;learning-languages&quot;,&quot;spanish&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[null]}]\" id=\"du-slot-645ab48ea2ad3\"></div></div>"},"articleType":{"articleType":"Articles","articleList":null,"content":null,"videoInfo":{"videoId":null,"name":null,"accountId":null,"playerId":null,"thumbnailUrl":null,"description":null,"uploadDate":null}},"sponsorship":{"sponsorshipPage":false,"backgroundImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"brandingLine":"","brandingLink":"","brandingLogo":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"sponsorAd":"","sponsorEbookTitle":"","sponsorEbookLink":"","sponsorEbookImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0}},"primaryLearningPath":"Advance","lifeExpectancy":"Five years","lifeExpectancySetFrom":"2024-05-09T00:00:00+00:00","dummiesForKids":"no","sponsoredContent":"no","adInfo":"","adPairKey":[]},"status":"publish","visibility":"public","articleId":202821},{"headers":{"creationTime":"2017-03-26T21:39:23+00:00","modifiedTime":"2024-05-09T14:22:31+00:00","timestamp":"2024-05-09T15:01:03+00:00"},"data":{"breadcrumbs":[{"name":"Academics & The Arts","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33662"},"slug":"academics-the-arts","categoryId":33662},{"name":"Language & Language Arts","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33687"},"slug":"language-language-arts","categoryId":33687},{"name":"Learning Languages","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33689"},"slug":"learning-languages","categoryId":33689},{"name":"Spanish","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33705"},"slug":"spanish","categoryId":33705}],"title":"Spanish Subject Pronouns","strippedTitle":"spanish subject pronouns","slug":"spanish-subject-pronouns","canonicalUrl":"","快速搜指数擎简化":{"metaDescription":"When speaking Spanish, the pronoun you use depends upon the person you’re speaking to and the person you’re speaking about. And, just as in English, you change ","noIndex":0,"noFollow":0},"content":"When speaking Spanish, the pronoun you use depends upon the person you’re speaking to and the person you’re speaking about. And, just as in English, you change pronouns according to person — I, you, he or she and we, you, they. The following table shows all the Spanish subject pronouns:\r\n<table>\r\n<tbody>\r\n<tr>\r\n<th>Person</th>\r\n<th>Singular</th>\r\n<th>Plural</th>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td><b>1st Person</b></td>\r\n<td><b>yo</b> (<i>I</i>)</td>\r\n<td><b>nosotros/as</b> (<i>we</i> [male or mixed\r\ngroup/female])</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td><b>2nd Person</b></td>\r\n<td><b>tœ</b> (<i>you</i> 
[informal]); <b>Ud.</b>\r\n(<i>you</i> [formal])</td>\r\n<td><b>vosotros/as</b> (<i>you</i> [informal; male or mixed\r\ngroup/female]); <b>Uds.</b> <b>
</b>(<i>you</i>\r\n[formal])</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td><b>3rd Person</b></td>\r\n<td><b>Žl</b> (<i>he</i>); <b>ella</b> (<i>she</i>)</td>\r\n<td><b>ellos/as</b> (<i>they</i> [male or mixed group/female])</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n</tbody>\r\n</table>","description":"When speaking Spanish, the pronoun you use depends upon the person you’re speaking to and the person you’re speaking about. And, just as in English, you change pronouns according to person — I, you, he or she and we, you, they. The following table shows all the Spanish subject pronouns:\r\n<table>\r\n<tbody>\r\n<tr>\r\n<th>Person</th>\r\n<th>Singular</th>\r\n<th>Plural</th>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td><b>1st Person</b></td>\r\n<td><b>yo</b> (<i>I</i>)</td>\r\n<td><b>nosotros/as</b> (<i>we</i> [male or mixed\r\ngroup/female])</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td><b>2nd Person</b></td>\r\n<td><b>tœ</b> (<i>you</i> 
[informal]); <b>Ud.</b>\r\n(<i>you</i> [formal])</td>\r\n<td><b>vosotros/as</b> (<i>you</i> [informal; male or mixed\r\ngroup/female]); <b>Uds.</b> <b>
</b>(<i>you</i>\r\n[formal])</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td><b>3rd Person</b></td>\r\n<td><b>Žl</b> (<i>he</i>); <b>ella</b> (<i>she</i>)</td>\r\n<td><b>ellos/as</b> (<i>they</i> [male or mixed group/female])</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n</tbody>\r\n</table>","blurb":"","authors":[{"authorId":8947,"name":"The Experts at Dummies","slug":"the-experts-at-dummies","description":"The Experts at Dummies are smart, friendly people who make learning easy by taking a not-so-serious approach to serious stuff.","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/8947"}}],"primaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":33705,"title":"Spanish","slug":"spanish","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33705"}},"secondaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"tertiaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"trendingArticles":null,"inThisArticle":[],"relatedArticles":{"fromBook":[{"articleId":209154,"title":"Spanish All-in-One For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"spanish-all-in-one-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","spanish"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/209154"}},{"articleId":193351,"title":"How to Conjugate Regular Spanish Verbs","slug":"how-to-conjugate-regular-spanish-verbs","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","spanish"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/193351"}},{"articleId":193347,"title":"Spanish Alphabet","slug":"spanish-alphabet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","spanish"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/193347"}},{"articleId":193340,"title":"How to Form Participles of Regular Spanish Verbs","slug":"how-to-form-participles-of-regular-spanish-verbs","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","spanish"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/193340"}},{"articleId":193339,"title":"How to Ask Questions in Spanish","slug":"how-to-ask-questions-in-spanish","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","spanish"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/193339"}}],"fromCategory":[{"articleId":295744,"title":"Spanish Workbook For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"spanish-workbook-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","spanish"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/295744"}},{"articleId":209434,"title":"Spanish Verbs For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"spanish-verbs-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","spanish"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/209434"}},{"articleId":209154,"title":"Spanish All-in-One For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"spanish-all-in-one-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","spanish"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/209154"}},{"articleId":208766,"title":"Spanish For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"spanish-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","spanish"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/208766"}},{"articleId":208340,"title":"Spanish Grammar For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"spanish-grammar-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","spanish"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/208340"}}]},"hasRelatedBookFromSearch":false,"relatedBook":{"bookId":282591,"slug":"spanish-all-in-one-for-dummies","isbn":"9780470462447","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","spanish"],"amazon":{"default":"//www.amazon.com/gp/product/0470462442/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","ca":"//www.amazon.ca/gp/product/0470462442/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","indigo_ca":"//www.tkqlhce.com/click-9208661-13710633?url=//www.chapters.indigo.ca/en-ca/books/product/0470462442-item.html&cjsku=978111945484","gb":"//www.amazon.co.uk/gp/product/0470462442/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","de":"//www.amazon.de/gp/product/0470462442/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20"},"image":{"src":"//coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/spanish-all-in-one-for-dummies-cover-9780470462447-203x255.jpg","width":203,"height":255},"title":"Spanish All-in-One For Dummies","testBankPinActivationLink":"","bookOutOfPrint":false,"authorsInfo":"","authors":[{"authorId":34784,"name":"","slug":"","description":" <b>Emily Nolan</b>, a lifelong baker, is a trained pastry chef, cookbook author, and recipe developer. Her baking has been influenced by time spent living in France, Germany, and England, and she hopes to one day own a bed and breakfast.","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/34784"}}],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/books/"}},"collections":[],"articleAds":{"footerAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;academics-the-arts&quot;,&quot;language-language-arts&quot;,&quot;learning-languages&quot;,&quot;spanish&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9780470462447&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-645a602f1b051\"></div></div>","rightAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_right_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_right_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;academics-the-arts&quot;,&quot;language-language-arts&quot;,&quot;learning-languages&quot;,&quot;spanish&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9780470462447&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-645a602f1b75a\"></div></div>"},"articleType":{"articleType":"Articles","articleList":null,"content":null,"videoInfo":{"videoId":null,"name":null,"accountId":null,"playerId":null,"thumbnailUrl":null,"description":null,"uploadDate":null}},"sponsorship":{"sponsorshipPage":false,"backgroundImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"brandingLine":"","brandingLink":"","brandingLogo":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"sponsorAd":"","sponsorEbookTitle":"","sponsorEbookLink":"","sponsorEbookImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0}},"primaryLearningPath":"Explore","lifeExpectancy":"Five years","lifeExpectancySetFrom":"2024-05-09T00:00:00+00:00","dummiesForKids":"no","sponsoredContent":"no","adInfo":"","adPairKey":[]},"status":"publish","visibility":"public","articleId":193350},{"headers":{"creationTime":"2017-03-26T23:10:03+00:00","modifiedTime":"2024-03-16T12:31:16+00:00","timestamp":"2024-03-16T15:01:02+00:00"},"data":{"breadcrumbs":[{"name":"Academics & The Arts","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33662"},"slug":"academics-the-arts","categoryId":33662},{"name":"Language & Language Arts","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33687"},"slug":"language-language-arts","categoryId":33687},{"name":"Learning Languages","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33689"},"slug":"learning-languages","categoryId":33689},{"name":"Spanish","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33705"},"slug":"spanish","categoryId":33705}],"title":"Expressing Spatial Directions in Spanish","strippedTitle":"expressing spatial directions in spanish","slug":"expressing-spatial-directions-in-spanish","canonicalUrl":"","快速搜指数擎简化":{"metaDescription":"Certain Spanish words allow you to describe where people or things are in relation to other people and things. Expressing these spatial directions in Spanish — ","noIndex":0,"noFollow":0},"content":"<p>Certain Spanish words allow you to describe where people or things are in relation to other people and things. Expressing these spatial directions in Spanish — and thus creating more accurate and engaging sentences — is pretty easy if you can memorize these words:</p>\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>al lado</b> <i>(ahl </i><i><u>lah</u></i><i>-doh)</i> (beside, next to, at the side of)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>al frente</b> <i>(ahl </i><i><u>frehn</u></i><i>-teh)</i> (in front of)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>dentro</b> <i>(</i><i><u>dehn</u></i><i>-troh)</i> (inside)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>adentro</b> <i>(ah-</i><i><u>dehn</u></i><i>-troh)</i> (inside; because <b>dentro</b> also means “inside,” <b>adentro</b> may express movement, as when someone or something moves toward an interior)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>fuera</b> <i>(foo</i><i><u>eh</u></i><i>-rah)</i> (outside)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>afuera</b> <i>(ah-foo</i><i><u>eh</u></i><i>-rah)</i> (outside; like <b>adentro, </b>the Spanish word <b>afuera</b> can be used to express movement — in this case, the movement of someone or something toward an exterior)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>bajo</b> <i>(</i><i><u>bvah</u></i><i>-Hoh)</i> (under; below)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>debajo</b> <i>(deh-</i><i><u>bvah</u></i><i>-Hoh)</i> (underneath)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>arriba</b> <i>(ah-</i><i><u>ree</u></i><i>-bvah) </i>(above)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<p>Practicing these directions comes in handy. The sentences that follow show you how you can use spatial-direction terms in your day-to-day conversation:</p>\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>La pastelería está al lado del banco.</b> <i>(lah </i><i>pahs-teh-leh-</i><i><u>ree</u></i><i>ah ehs-</i><i><u>tah</u></i><i> ahl </i><i><u>lah</u></i><i>-doh dehl </i><i><u>bvahn</u></i><i>-koh) </i>(The pastry shop is next to the bank.)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>Al frente del banco hay una zapatería.</b> <i>(ahl </i><i><u>frehn</u></i><i>-teh dehl </i><i><u>bvahn</u></i><i>-koh ahy </i><i><u>oo</u></i><i>-nah sah-pah-teh-</i><i><u>ree</u></i><i>ah)</i> (In front of the bank there is a shoe store.)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>Las mesas del café están afuera.</b> <i>(lahs </i><i><u>meh-</u></i><i>sahs dehl kah-</i><i><u>feh</u></i><i> ehs-tahn ah-foo</i><i><u>eh</u></i><i>-rah) </i>(The tables of the cafe are outside.)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>Cuando llueve ponen las mesas adentro.</b> <i>(koo</i><i><u>ahn</u></i><i>-doh yoo</i><i><u>eh</u></i><i>-bveh </i><i><u>poh-</u></i><i>nehn lahs </i><i><u>meh</u></i><i>-sahs ah-</i><i><u>dehn</u></i><i>-troh)</i> (When it rains, they put the tables inside.)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>Arriba hay cielo despejado.</b> <i>(ah-</i><i><u>ree</u></i><i>-bvah ahy see-</i><i><u>eh</u></i><i>-loh dehs-peh-</i><i><u>Hah</u></i><i>-doh)</i> (Above, the sky is clear.)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>Hay agua bajo los pies de Carlos.</b> <i>(ahy </i><i><u>ah</u></i><i>-gooah </i><i><u>bvah</u></i><i>-Hoh lohs peeehs de </i><i><u>kahr</u></i><i>-lohs)</i> (There’s water under Carlos’s feet.)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>Debajo de la calle corre el tren subterráneo.</b> <i>(deh-</i><i><u>bvah</u></i><i>-Hoh deh lah </i><i><u>kah</u></i><i>-yeh </i><i><u>koh</u></i><i>-rreh ehl trehn soobv-teh-</i><i><u>rrah-</u></i><i>neh-oh)</i> (The subway runs under the street.)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>Este ascensor va arriba.</b> <i>(</i><i><u>ehs</u></i><i>-teh ah-sehn-</i><i><u>soh</u></i><i>r bvah ah-</i><i><u>rree</u></i><i>-bvah)</i> (This elevator goes up.)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>Hay un gato dentro de la caja.</b> <i>(ahy oon </i><i><u>gah</u></i><i>-toh </i><i><u>dehn</u></i><i>-troh deh lah </i><i><u>kah</u></i><i>-Hah)</i> (There’s a cat inside the box.)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n</ul>","description":"<p>Certain Spanish words allow you to describe where people or things are in relation to other people and things. Expressing these spatial directions in Spanish — and thus creating more accurate and engaging sentences — is pretty easy if you can memorize these words:</p>\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>al lado</b> <i>(ahl </i><i><u>lah</u></i><i>-doh)</i> (beside, next to, at the side of)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>al frente</b> <i>(ahl </i><i><u>frehn</u></i><i>-teh)</i> (in front of)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>dentro</b> <i>(</i><i><u>dehn</u></i><i>-troh)</i> (inside)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>adentro</b> <i>(ah-</i><i><u>dehn</u></i><i>-troh)</i> (inside; because <b>dentro</b> also means “inside,” <b>adentro</b> may express movement, as when someone or something moves toward an interior)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>fuera</b> <i>(foo</i><i><u>eh</u></i><i>-rah)</i> (outside)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>afuera</b> <i>(ah-foo</i><i><u>eh</u></i><i>-rah)</i> (outside; like <b>adentro, </b>the Spanish word <b>afuera</b> can be used to express movement — in this case, the movement of someone or something toward an exterior)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>bajo</b> <i>(</i><i><u>bvah</u></i><i>-Hoh)</i> (under; below)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>debajo</b> <i>(deh-</i><i><u>bvah</u></i><i>-Hoh)</i> (underneath)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>arriba</b> <i>(ah-</i><i><u>ree</u></i><i>-bvah) </i>(above)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<p>Practicing these directions comes in handy. The sentences that follow show you how you can use spatial-direction terms in your day-to-day conversation:</p>\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>La pastelería está al lado del banco.</b> <i>(lah </i><i>pahs-teh-leh-</i><i><u>ree</u></i><i>ah ehs-</i><i><u>tah</u></i><i> ahl </i><i><u>lah</u></i><i>-doh dehl </i><i><u>bvahn</u></i><i>-koh) </i>(The pastry shop is next to the bank.)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>Al frente del banco hay una zapatería.</b> <i>(ahl </i><i><u>frehn</u></i><i>-teh dehl </i><i><u>bvahn</u></i><i>-koh ahy </i><i><u>oo</u></i><i>-nah sah-pah-teh-</i><i><u>ree</u></i><i>ah)</i> (In front of the bank there is a shoe store.)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>Las mesas del café están afuera.</b> <i>(lahs </i><i><u>meh-</u></i><i>sahs dehl kah-</i><i><u>feh</u></i><i> ehs-tahn ah-foo</i><i><u>eh</u></i><i>-rah) </i>(The tables of the cafe are outside.)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>Cuando llueve ponen las mesas adentro.</b> <i>(koo</i><i><u>ahn</u></i><i>-doh yoo</i><i><u>eh</u></i><i>-bveh </i><i><u>poh-</u></i><i>nehn lahs </i><i><u>meh</u></i><i>-sahs ah-</i><i><u>dehn</u></i><i>-troh)</i> (When it rains, they put the tables inside.)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>Arriba hay cielo despejado.</b> <i>(ah-</i><i><u>ree</u></i><i>-bvah ahy see-</i><i><u>eh</u></i><i>-loh dehs-peh-</i><i><u>Hah</u></i><i>-doh)</i> (Above, the sky is clear.)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>Hay agua bajo los pies de Carlos.</b> <i>(ahy </i><i><u>ah</u></i><i>-gooah </i><i><u>bvah</u></i><i>-Hoh lohs peeehs de </i><i><u>kahr</u></i><i>-lohs)</i> (There’s water under Carlos’s feet.)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>Debajo de la calle corre el tren subterráneo.</b> <i>(deh-</i><i><u>bvah</u></i><i>-Hoh deh lah </i><i><u>kah</u></i><i>-yeh </i><i><u>koh</u></i><i>-rreh ehl trehn soobv-teh-</i><i><u>rrah-</u></i><i>neh-oh)</i> (The subway runs under the street.)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>Este ascensor va arriba.</b> <i>(</i><i><u>ehs</u></i><i>-teh ah-sehn-</i><i><u>soh</u></i><i>r bvah ah-</i><i><u>rree</u></i><i>-bvah)</i> (This elevator goes up.)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>Hay un gato dentro de la caja.</b> <i>(ahy oon </i><i><u>gah</u></i><i>-toh </i><i><u>dehn</u></i><i>-troh deh lah </i><i><u>kah</u></i><i>-Hah)</i> (There’s a cat inside the box.)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n</ul>","blurb":"","authors":[],"primaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":33705,"title":"Spanish","slug":"spanish","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33705"}},"secondaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"tertiaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"trendingArticles":null,"inThisArticle":[],"relatedArticles":{"fromBook":[],"fromCategory":[{"articleId":295744,"title":"Spanish Workbook For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"spanish-workbook-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","spanish"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/295744"}},{"articleId":209434,"title":"Spanish Verbs For Dummies Cheat 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