chơi xổ số keno trực tuyến

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Navigate your machine with Linux, MacOS, Windows, and even DOS.","relatedArticles":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles?category=33524&offset=0&size=5"},"hasArticle":true,"hasBook":true,"articleCount":528,"bookCount":28},"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33524"}},"relatedCategoriesLoadedStatus":"success"},"listState":{"list":{"count":10,"total":528,"items":[{"headers":{"creationTime":"2024-10-31T18:52:28+00:00","modifiedTime":"2024-11-01T16:03:48+00:00","timestamp":"2024-11-01T18:01:10+00:00"},"data":{"breadcrumbs":[{"name":"Technology","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33512"},"slug":"technology","categoryId":33512},{"name":"Computers","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33513"},"slug":"computers","categoryId":33513},{"name":"Operating Systems","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33524"},"slug":"operating-systems","categoryId":33524},{"name":"MacOS","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33527"},"slug":"macos","categoryId":33527}],"title":"macOS Sonoma For Dummies Cheat Sheet","strippedTitle":"macos sonoma for dummies cheat sheet","slug":"macos-sonoma-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","canonicalUrl":"","查找领头羊系统seo":{"metaDescription":"So, you’re using a Mac running macOS Sonoma? Good job! This Cheat Sheet gives you a handy reference of keyboard shortcuts that can save you time, teaches you ho","noIndex":0,"noFollow":0},"content":"So, you’re using a Mac running macOS Sonoma? Good job! This Cheat Sheet gives you a handy reference of keyboard shortcuts that can save you time, teaches you how to navigate the \"Save As\" dialog using the Tab key, explains a straightforward protocol for backups, tells you how to burn CDs from the Music app, and warns you about six moves to avoid at all costs.","description":"So, you’re using a Mac running macOS Sonoma? Good job! 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To keep your work and leisure projects safe, never do any of these things with your Mac:</p>\n<ul>\n<li><strong>Never shut off your Mac by pulling the plug. </strong>Always shut it down properly. Either use the Shut Down command from the Apple menu or press the power button and then click the Shut Down button.</li>\n<li><strong>Never bump, drop, shake, wobble, dribble, drop-kick, or play catch with a Mac.</strong> Even if your Mac has a solid-state drive (SSD) rather than a spinning hard drive, the computer is sensitive to bumps. Treat it gently.</li>\n<li><strong>Never get up from your Mac without saving your work.</strong> Press Command+S to save your work before you leave your Mac. In fact, press Command+S whenever you’ve made any changes that you wouldn’t want to have to make again.</li>\n<li><strong>Never keep only one copy of your important documents. </strong>Make at least two backup copies and keep one of them in another physical location. Period.</li>\n<li><strong>Never clean your Mac’s screen with glass cleaner or any product not specifically designed for a computer display. </strong>And don’t use paper towels or tissues, either. Use a soft cloth, preferably microfiber, to avoid scratching the screen. If you do use a cleaning product designed for computer displays, spray it onto the cloth, not directly onto the screen.</li>\n<li><strong>Never pay attention to anyone who says that Windows is just like the Mac. </strong>Yeah, right. And a Kia is just like a Porsche.</li>\n</ul>\n"},{"title":"Handy keyboard shortcuts for macOS Sonoma","thumb":null,"image":null,"content":"<p>Make your work go faster by using these macOS keyboard shortcuts with your flying fingers.</p>\n<table width=\"546\">\n<tbody>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\"><strong>Command</strong></td>\n<td width=\"273\"><strong>Keyboard Shortcut</strong></td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Add Selected Item to Dock</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+Control+Shift+T</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Add Selected Item to Sidebar</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+Control+T</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Close All Windows</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+Option+W</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Close Window</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+W</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Copy</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+C</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Cut</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+X</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Duplicate</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+D</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Eject Disk</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+E</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Empty Trash</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+Shift+Delete</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Find</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+F</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Get Info (on selected item or items)</p>\n<p>Get Info Inspector (on selected item or items)</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+I</p>\n<p>Command+Option+I</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Go to Recents in Finder</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+Shift+F</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Go to Applications Folder in Finder</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+Shift+A</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Go to Desktop in Finder</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+Shift+D</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Go to Documents Folder in Finder</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+Shift+O</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Go to Home Folder in Finder</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+Shift+H</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Help</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+Shift+?</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Hide Current Application</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+H</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Hide Other Applications</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+Option+H</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Log Out Current User</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+Shift+Q</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Make Alias</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+L</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Minimize Window</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+M</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Mission Control: All Windows</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Control+Up Arrow (F3 on Apple keyboards)</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Mission Control: Application Windows</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Control+Down Arrow (Control+F3 on Apple keyboards)</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Mission Control: Show Desktop</td>\n<td width=\"273\">F11 (fn+F11 on laptops; Command+F3 on Apple keyboards)</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Move to Trash</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+Delete</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">New Finder Window</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+N</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">New Folder</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+Shift+N</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">New Smart Folder</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+Option+N</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Next Window</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+` (backtick)</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Open</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+O</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Paste</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+V</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Quick Look (at selected item)</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+Y or Spacebar</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Redo</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+Shift+Z</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Select All</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+A</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Show Original (of selected alias)</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+R</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Show View Options</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+J</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Show/Hide Dock (toggle Dock hiding)</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+Option+D</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Show/Hide Path Bar</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+Option +P</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Show/Hide Sidebar</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+Option +S</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Show/Hide Status Bar</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+/</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Show/Hide Tab Bar</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+Shift+T</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Show/Hide Toolbar</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+Option+T</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Turn VoiceOver On/Off</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+F5 (fn+F5 on laptops)</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Undo</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+Z</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">View Window as Columns</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+3</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">View Window as Gallery</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+4</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">View Window as Icons</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+1</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">View Window as List</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+2</td>\n</tr>\n</tbody>\n</table>\n"},{"title":"Tabbing around Sonoma's 'Save As' dialog","thumb":null,"image":null,"content":"<p>In the expanded view of macOS Sonoma&#8217;s Save As dialog, if you press the Tab key while the Save As field is active, it becomes inactive and the Tags field becomes active. Press Tab again, and the Search field becomes active. Press Tab again, and the sidebar becomes active. And if you press Tab again, the Save As field becomes active once more.</p>\n<p>That’s because the Save As field, the Tags and Search fields, and the sidebar are mutually exclusive, and only one can be active at any time. You can always tell which item is active by the thin blue border around it.</p>\n<p>When you want to switch to a different folder to save a file, click the folder in the sidebar or click anywhere in the file list box to make the file list active. Here are the moves you need:</p>\n<ul>\n<li><strong>If you type while the file list box is active, the list box selects the folder that most closely matches the letter(s) that you type.</strong> It’s a little strange because you won’t see what you type — you’ll be typing blind, so to speak.</li>\n<li><strong>When the file list is active, the letters that you type don’t appear in the Save As field.</strong> If you want to type a filename, you have to activate the Save As field again (by clicking in it or navigating with the Tab key) before you can type in it.</li>\n<li><strong>If you type while the sidebar is active, nothing happens.</strong> But you can use the up- and down-arrow keys to move around in the sidebar.</li>\n<li><strong>Pressing Shift reverses the order of the sequence.</strong> If you press Shift+Tab, the active item moves from the Save As field to the Sidebar to the Search box and back to the Save As field again.</li>\n</ul>\n"},{"title":"Backing up, and backing up your back-up","thumb":null,"image":null,"content":"<p>When working in macOS Sonoma, would you like to ensure that you won’t lose more than a little work no matter what happens — even if your office burns to the ground; floods; is destroyed by a tornado, hurricane, or earthquake; or robbed? If so, follow these recommendations.</p>\n<p>Keeping a single backup is not enough. Two backups might be okay. Three is much safer and gives you the option of keeping the third somewhere off-site, such as at a friend or relative’s house or in a safe-deposit box at your bank.</p>\n<p>To make those three backups, you need to create a set-and-forget system that runs automatically in the background without you needing to start them. Consider this type of system:</p>\n<ul>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><strong>Use macOS’s excellent Time Machine feature as your first line of defense.</strong> Time Machine is so easy and so effective that there’s no excuse not to use it. But although Time Machine maintains multiple copies of files, they’re all stored on the same disk. If something’s worth backing up to one place, it’s worth backing up three times.</p>\n<p class=\"child-para\">You can add a second or third backup disk (or even more) to Time Machine if you like. Connect the disk and choose System Settings <strong>→</strong> General <strong>→</strong> Time Machine to display the Time Machine pane in System Settings. Click the Add (+) button, select the disk in the dialog that opens, and click Set Up Disk. Choose backup options — you&#8217;ll probably want to encrypt the backups — and then click Done.</p>\n<p class=\"child-para\">Time Machine then backs up the disks. But (you&#8217;ll have spotted the problem here) both your Time Machine backup disks are in the same place, so a single natural disaster (conflagration, inundation, fulmination &#8230;) or deliberate disaster (your choice) can take them both out. That’s why it’s wise to create a third backup disk and store it somewhere off-site.</p>\n</li>\n<li><strong>Use an online backup service. such as <a href=\"//www.idrive.com/\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\">iDrive</a> </strong><strong>or <a href=\"//www.backblaze.com/home-v2\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\">Backblaze</a> </strong><strong>to back up your Mac to the cloud.</strong></li>\n<li>These services start around the $5 to $10 per month level, so they’re good value. Most can back up your other computers and devices as well as your Mac.</li>\n<li><strong>Use a cloning app such as </strong><a href=\"//www.bombich.com/\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\"><strong>Carbon Copy Cloner</strong></a><strong> ($49.99) or </strong><a href=\"//shirt-pocket.com/\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\"><strong>SuperDuper</strong></a><strong> ($27.95) to clone your Mac’s startup disk to another hard drive every day (for example, in the early hours of the morning).</strong> This gives you a bootable backup you can use for recovery if your Mac goes south.</li>\n<li><strong>Lastly, store your current work in iCloud or a competitor — such as Dropbox, Microsoft’s OneDrive, or Google Drive — so that you have an instantly accessible online backup, which also allows you to work on your documents no matter where you happen to be.</strong></li>\n</ul>\n<p>You must test the integrity of each backup to make sure it will work when you need it. Just restore a few files and make sure they’re usable. You’ll then be sure you can recover fully should disaster strike.</p>\n"},{"title":"Burning a playlist to a CD","thumb":null,"image":null,"content":"<p>If you want to take your music somewhere other than your Mac or share it with others on a physical medium, you can burn your music playlists to CD. While CDs are a premillennial technology nearing the final approach to digital oblivion, they’re still extremely widely used, and a thoughtfully customized CD can make (or break) a relationship.</p>\n<p>Apple has played its part in hastening the demise of the CD and DVD by removing optical drives from Macs, so you’ll normally need to add an external CD or DVD burner to your Mac. Most such burners connect via USB 3 or USB-C, so you should have no problem making the connection to your Mac.</p>\n<p>With the drive connected, you can start burning audio CDs that you can listen to in almost any audio CD player. The only trick is making sure that the total playing time of the songs in the playlist is less than the capacity of the blank CD you’re using, which is usually 74 to 80 minutes.</p>\n<p>Don’t forget to account for the gap between tracks, which is 2 seconds by default. When you have all the songs you want on your CD in the playlist, choose File <strong>→ </strong>Burn Playlist to Disc. The Burn Settings dialog appears.</p>\n<p>The default type of disc Music burns is an audio CD, but it can also burn two other types:</p>\n<ul>\n<li><strong>MP3 CD</strong> is a special format that can be played in many CD audio players and set-top DVD players. The advantage of an MP3 CD is that rather than holding a mere 74 to 80 minutes of music, it can hold more than 100 songs (depending on the bitrate at which they’re encoded). The disadvantage is that many regular audio CD players won’t play MP3 CDs.</li>\n<li><strong>A data CD or DVD</strong> is a disc formatted to be read and mounted by any computer, Mac or Windows.</li>\n</ul>\n<p>If you click the Burn button now, you’ll get an audio CD. To burn an MP3 CD or Data CD or DVD, select the appropriate radio button in the Burn Settings dialog.</p>\n<p>When you’ve made your choice, click the Burn button. In a few minutes, you’ll have an audio CD that contains all the songs on the playlist — and plays the songs in the order in which they appeared in the playlist. Eject the freshly minted CD, label it carefully before you forget, and then take it for a test spin.</p>\n"}],"videoInfo":{"videoId":null,"name":null,"accountId":null,"playerId":null,"thumbnailUrl":null,"description":null,"uploadDate":null}},"sponsorship":{"sponsorshipPage":false,"backgroundImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"brandingLine":"","brandingLink":"","brandingLogo":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"sponsorAd":"","sponsorEbookTitle":"","sponsorEbookLink":"","sponsorEbookImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0}},"primaryLearningPath":"Explore","lifeExpectancy":"Two years","lifeExpectancySetFrom":"2024-10-31T00:00:00+00:00","dummiesForKids":"no","sponsoredContent":"no","adInfo":"","adPairKey":[]},"status":"publish","visibility":"public","articleId":301128},{"headers":{"creationTime":"2017-11-16T20:20:58+00:00","modifiedTime":"2024-08-10T20:29:29+00:00","timestamp":"2024-08-10T21:01:03+00:00"},"data":{"breadcrumbs":[{"name":"Technology","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33512"},"slug":"technology","categoryId":33512},{"name":"Computers","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33513"},"slug":"computers","categoryId":33513},{"name":"Operating Systems","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33524"},"slug":"operating-systems","categoryId":33524},{"name":"Microsoft Windows","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33532"},"slug":"windows","categoryId":33532},{"name":"Windows 10","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33535"},"slug":"windows-10","categoryId":33535}],"title":"How to Transfer Your Files to Windows 10","strippedTitle":"how to transfer your files to windows 10","slug":"transfer-files-windows-10","canonicalUrl":"","查找领头羊系统seo":{"metaDescription":"You can transfer files yourself if you're moving from a Windows 7, 8, 8.1, or 10 PC. You can do this with a combination of a Microsoft account and the built‐in ","noIndex":0,"noFollow":0},"content":"You can<a href=\"//coursofppt.com/article/technology/computers/operating-systems/windows/windows-10/how-to-copy-files-to-or-from-a-flash-drive-on-your-windows-10-computer-255007/\"> transfer files</a> yourself if you're moving from a Windows 7, 8, 8.1, or 10 PC. You can do this with a combination of a Microsoft account and the built‐in File History backup program in Windows. You tell the program to back up your old PC's files, and then you tell your new PC's program to restore the files.\r\n\r\nHowever, you need a portable hard drive for this to work. Portable hard drives are fairly inexpensive, usually costing less than $100. But there's a bonus: When you're through transferring the files, the drive works perfectly for backing up your <em>new</em> computer.\r\n\r\nTo transfer files from an old Windows 7, 8, 8.1, or 10 computer to a new Windows 10 computer, follow these steps:\r\n<ol>\r\n \t<li><strong><strong>If you're running Windows 7 on your old PC, upgrade it to Windows 10.</strong></strong>For many Windows 7 owners, this is probably a deal breaker. Unless, of course, you took advantage of the free Windows 10 upgrade offer that ended July 29, 2016. Now that the deadline has passed, Windows 7 owners might be better off by buying a file transfer program.If you're running Windows 8, 8.1, or 10 on your old PC, move ahead to Step 2.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>If you've already been using File History on your old PC, jump to Step 5. Otherwise move to Step 3.</strong></li>\r\n \t<li><strong><strong>Sign in with your Microsoft account on your old PC.</strong></strong>When you sign in with a Microsoft account, Microsoft remembers many of your settings and services so it can duplicate them on other PCs you sign into.<strong>\r\n</strong></li>\r\n \t<li><strong><strong>Plug the portable hard drive into your old PC and then set up File History to save your files onto the portable hard drive.</strong></strong>File History comes built into Windows 8, 8.1, and 10. It could take anywhere from a few minutes to a few hours to back up your files for the first time.While File History backs up your files, it shows the statement \"File History is saving copies of your files for the first time.\" (It also lists the word <em>Stop</em> in case you want to stop the backup.)\r\n\r\nWhen File History has finished backing up your files to the portable drive, those words change to say \"Files last copied,\" followed by the date and time it finished backing up your files, as shown. At that point, move to Step 5.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_229131\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"535\"]<a href=\"//coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/windows-10-backups.jpg\"><img class=\"wp-image-229131 size-full\" src=\"//coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/windows-10-backups.jpg\" alt=\"windows-10-backups\" width=\"535\" height=\"295\" /></a> The File History window lists the backup's date and time.[/caption]\r\n\r\n </li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Sign into your new Windows 10 PC with the same Microsoft account you used on your old PC. Then plug the portable hard drive into your new computer.</strong>By signing in with your Microsoft account, your settings automatically transfer to your new PC. (The wallpaper on your new PC quickly changes to match your old PC, letting you know that something is happening.)</li>\r\n \t<li><strong><strong>Open File History and direct your new Windows 10 PC toward your old File History backup.</strong></strong> \r\n\r\nOn your new Windows 10 PC, click the Start button and type File History into the Search box and press Enter. The Control Panel's File History window appears, as shown.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_229142\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"535\"]<a href=\"//coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/windows-10-history.jpg\"><img class=\"wp-image-229142 size-full\" src=\"//coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/windows-10-history.jpg\" alt=\"windows-10-history\" width=\"535\" height=\"338\" /></a> Choose the backup you'd like to restore.[/caption]\r\n\r\nClick the check box labeled I Want to Use a Previous Backup on this File History Drive. A window drops down, listing the backup you've made on your old PC. Click its name, and click the Turn On button.\r\n\r\nYour new PC begins backing up its files for the first time, but these incoming files won't damage your old PC's backup.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Choose Restore Personal Files from the File History window's left pane.</strong></li>\r\n \t<li><strong><strong>Choose the files and folders to restore and then click the green Restore button.</strong></strong> \r\n\r\nClick the Forward or Back arrows next to the big green button along the window's bottom until you find the date and time of the files you'd like to restore.For example, if you used File History on your old PC for the first time in Step 4, click the Back arrow (on the left) until you're at the Number 1 backup.\r\n\r\nIf you've been using File History on your old PC all along, click the Forward arrow (on the right) to move to your most recent backup.\r\n\r\nWhen you're viewing the files or folders you want to restore, click the green button found on the window's bottom edge, shown here. File History begins copying your old PC's files and folders onto your new PC.</li>\r\n</ol>\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_229139\" align=\"aligncenter\" width=\"535\"]<a href=\"//coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/windows-10-green-button.jpg\"><img class=\"wp-image-229139 size-full\" src=\"//coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/windows-10-green-button.jpg\" alt=\"windows-10-green-button\" width=\"535\" height=\"368\" /></a> Click the green button to restore the files and folders.[/caption]\r\n\r\nIf there are no complications, your new PC should soon have the files and folders from your old PC.\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li>If you'd already been using File History on your old PC, all of your old PC's backups should still be available to you on your new PC.</li>\r\n \t<li>Your new PC will continue to back up your new computer's files to your portable hard drive. Keep the hard drive plugged in permanently. (Or, if you bought a new laptop or tablet, plug it in frequently so your computer can keep your backups current.)</li>\r\n \t<li>If you've just borrowed a friend's portable hard drive, you can unplug it at this point and give it back. But you should really have your own portable hard drive so you can begin backing up your new Windows 10 PC.</li>\r\n \t<li>Your Microsoft account and File History can transport your settings and files to your new PC. However, you must still install all of your old desktop <em>programs</em> onto your new PC.</li>\r\n \t<li>If you're moving to Windows 10 from a Windows 8 or 8.1 PC, you can find your apps waiting for you in the Windows Store: Click your icon near the Store app's upper‐right corner and choose My Library from the drop‐down menu. There you can find and download your old apps to your new PC.</li>\r\n</ul>","description":"You can<a href=\"//coursofppt.com/article/technology/computers/operating-systems/windows/windows-10/how-to-copy-files-to-or-from-a-flash-drive-on-your-windows-10-computer-255007/\"> transfer files</a> yourself if you're moving from a Windows 7, 8, 8.1, or 10 PC. You can do this with a combination of a Microsoft account and the built‐in File History backup program in Windows. You tell the program to back up your old PC's files, and then you tell your new PC's program to restore the files.\r\n\r\nHowever, you need a portable hard drive for this to work. Portable hard drives are fairly inexpensive, usually costing less than $100. But there's a bonus: When you're through transferring the files, the drive works perfectly for backing up your <em>new</em> computer.\r\n\r\nTo transfer files from an old Windows 7, 8, 8.1, or 10 computer to a new Windows 10 computer, follow these steps:\r\n<ol>\r\n \t<li><strong><strong>If you're running Windows 7 on your old PC, upgrade it to Windows 10.</strong></strong>For many Windows 7 owners, this is probably a deal breaker. Unless, of course, you took advantage of the free Windows 10 upgrade offer that ended July 29, 2016. Now that the deadline has passed, Windows 7 owners might be better off by buying a file transfer program.If you're running Windows 8, 8.1, or 10 on your old PC, move ahead to Step 2.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>If you've already been using File History on your old PC, jump to Step 5. Otherwise move to Step 3.</strong></li>\r\n \t<li><strong><strong>Sign in with your Microsoft account on your old PC.</strong></strong>When you sign in with a Microsoft account, Microsoft remembers many of your settings and services so it can duplicate them on other PCs you sign into.<strong>\r\n</strong></li>\r\n \t<li><strong><strong>Plug the portable hard drive into your old PC and then set up File History to save your files onto the portable hard drive.</strong></strong>File History comes built into Windows 8, 8.1, and 10. It could take anywhere from a few minutes to a few hours to back up your files for the first time.While File History backs up your files, it shows the statement \"File History is saving copies of your files for the first time.\" (It also lists the word <em>Stop</em> in case you want to stop the backup.)\r\n\r\nWhen File History has finished backing up your files to the portable drive, those words change to say \"Files last copied,\" followed by the date and time it finished backing up your files, as shown. At that point, move to Step 5.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_229131\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"535\"]<a href=\"//coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/windows-10-backups.jpg\"><img class=\"wp-image-229131 size-full\" src=\"//coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/windows-10-backups.jpg\" alt=\"windows-10-backups\" width=\"535\" height=\"295\" /></a> The File History window lists the backup's date and time.[/caption]\r\n\r\n </li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Sign into your new Windows 10 PC with the same Microsoft account you used on your old PC. Then plug the portable hard drive into your new computer.</strong>By signing in with your Microsoft account, your settings automatically transfer to your new PC. (The wallpaper on your new PC quickly changes to match your old PC, letting you know that something is happening.)</li>\r\n \t<li><strong><strong>Open File History and direct your new Windows 10 PC toward your old File History backup.</strong></strong> \r\n\r\nOn your new Windows 10 PC, click the Start button and type File History into the Search box and press Enter. The Control Panel's File History window appears, as shown.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_229142\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"535\"]<a href=\"//coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/windows-10-history.jpg\"><img class=\"wp-image-229142 size-full\" src=\"//coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/windows-10-history.jpg\" alt=\"windows-10-history\" width=\"535\" height=\"338\" /></a> Choose the backup you'd like to restore.[/caption]\r\n\r\nClick the check box labeled I Want to Use a Previous Backup on this File History Drive. A window drops down, listing the backup you've made on your old PC. Click its name, and click the Turn On button.\r\n\r\nYour new PC begins backing up its files for the first time, but these incoming files won't damage your old PC's backup.</li>\r\n \t<li><strong>Choose Restore Personal Files from the File History window's left pane.</strong></li>\r\n \t<li><strong><strong>Choose the files and folders to restore and then click the green Restore button.</strong></strong> \r\n\r\nClick the Forward or Back arrows next to the big green button along the window's bottom until you find the date and time of the files you'd like to restore.For example, if you used File History on your old PC for the first time in Step 4, click the Back arrow (on the left) until you're at the Number 1 backup.\r\n\r\nIf you've been using File History on your old PC all along, click the Forward arrow (on the right) to move to your most recent backup.\r\n\r\nWhen you're viewing the files or folders you want to restore, click the green button found on the window's bottom edge, shown here. File History begins copying your old PC's files and folders onto your new PC.</li>\r\n</ol>\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_229139\" align=\"aligncenter\" width=\"535\"]<a href=\"//coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/windows-10-green-button.jpg\"><img class=\"wp-image-229139 size-full\" src=\"//coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/windows-10-green-button.jpg\" alt=\"windows-10-green-button\" width=\"535\" height=\"368\" /></a> Click the green button to restore the files and folders.[/caption]\r\n\r\nIf there are no complications, your new PC should soon have the files and folders from your old PC.\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li>If you'd already been using File History on your old PC, all of your old PC's backups should still be available to you on your new PC.</li>\r\n \t<li>Your new PC will continue to back up your new computer's files to your portable hard drive. Keep the hard drive plugged in permanently. (Or, if you bought a new laptop or tablet, plug it in frequently so your computer can keep your backups current.)</li>\r\n \t<li>If you've just borrowed a friend's portable hard drive, you can unplug it at this point and give it back. But you should really have your own portable hard drive so you can begin backing up your new Windows 10 PC.</li>\r\n \t<li>Your Microsoft account and File History can transport your settings and files to your new PC. However, you must still install all of your old desktop <em>programs</em> onto your new PC.</li>\r\n \t<li>If you're moving to Windows 10 from a Windows 8 or 8.1 PC, you can find your apps waiting for you in the Windows Store: Click your icon near the Store app's upper‐right corner and choose My Library from the drop‐down menu. There you can find and download your old apps to your new PC.</li>\r\n</ul>","blurb":"","authors":[{"authorId":9105,"name":"Andy Rathbone","slug":"andy-rathbone","description":" Andy Rathbone's computer books, which include Windows? 2000 Professional For Dummies? and Upgrading and Fixing PCs For Dummies?, have sold more than 11 million copies.","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/9105"}}],"primaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":33535,"title":"Windows 10","slug":"windows-10","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33535"}},"secondaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"tertiaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"trendingArticles":null,"inThisArticle":[],"relatedArticles":{"fromBook":[],"fromCategory":[{"articleId":285564,"title":"How to Use Android and iPhone Devices with Windows 10","slug":"how-to-use-android-and-iphone-devices-with-windows-10","categoryList":["technology","computers","operating-systems","windows","windows-10"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/285564"}},{"articleId":285540,"title":"How to Work Remotely with Windows 10","slug":"how-to-work-remotely-with-windows-10","categoryList":["technology","computers","operating-systems","windows","windows-10"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/285540"}},{"articleId":283486,"title":"Your Laptop and Windows","slug":"your-laptop-and-windows","categoryList":["technology","computers","operating-systems","windows","windows-10"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/283486"}},{"articleId":272866,"title":"How to Create Microsoft and Local Accounts in Windows 10","slug":"how-to-create-microsoft-and-local-accounts-in-windows-10","categoryList":["technology","computers","operating-systems","windows","windows-10"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/272866"}},{"articleId":272856,"title":"How to Open Windows 10 Apps","slug":"how-to-open-windows-10-apps","categoryList":["technology","computers","operating-systems","windows","windows-10"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/272856"}}]},"hasRelatedBookFromSearch":false,"relatedBook":{"bookId":0,"slug":null,"isbn":null,"categoryList":null,"amazon":null,"image":null,"title":null,"testBankPinActivationLink":null,"bookOutOfPrint":false,"authorsInfo":null,"authors":null,"_links":null},"collections":[],"articleAds":{"footerAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = 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id=\"du-slot-64d5500f3a2e3\"></div></div>"},"articleType":{"articleType":"Articles","articleList":null,"content":null,"videoInfo":{"videoId":null,"name":null,"accountId":null,"playerId":null,"thumbnailUrl":null,"description":null,"uploadDate":null}},"sponsorship":{"sponsorshipPage":false,"backgroundImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"brandingLine":"","brandingLink":"","brandingLogo":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"sponsorAd":"","sponsorEbookTitle":"","sponsorEbookLink":"","sponsorEbookImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0}},"primaryLearningPath":"Solve","lifeExpectancy":"One year","lifeExpectancySetFrom":"2024-08-10T00:00:00+00:00","dummiesForKids":"no","sponsoredContent":"no","adInfo":"","adPairKey":[]},"status":"publish","visibility":"public","articleId":229195},{"headers":{"creationTime":"2023-11-15T22:07:26+00:00","modifiedTime":"2024-05-08T17:49:00+00:00","timestamp":"2024-05-08T18:01:02+00:00"},"data":{"breadcrumbs":[{"name":"Technology","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33512"},"slug":"technology","categoryId":33512},{"name":"Computers","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33513"},"slug":"computers","categoryId":33513},{"name":"Operating Systems","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33524"},"slug":"operating-systems","categoryId":33524},{"name":"MacOS","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33527"},"slug":"macos","categoryId":33527},{"name":"Ventura","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/35291"},"slug":"ventura","categoryId":35291}],"title":"macOS Ventura For Dummies Cheat Sheet","strippedTitle":"macos ventura for dummies cheat sheet","slug":"macos-ventura-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","canonicalUrl":"","查找领头羊系统seo":{"metaDescription":"Whether you’ve purchased a new Mac with macOS Ventura pre-installed or you’ve upgraded from a previous version of macOS, you’ll find that Ventura makes your com","noIndex":0,"noFollow":0},"content":"Whether you’ve purchased a new Mac with macOS Ventura pre-installed or you’ve upgraded from a previous version of macOS, you’ll find that Ventura makes your computer easier to use and offers myriad improvements to make you more productive.\r\n\r\nThis Cheat Sheet includes information on things you should never do to your Mac; a compendium of useful and timesaving keyboard shortcuts; recommendations for backing up data; and website recommendations for smart Ventura users.","description":"Whether you’ve purchased a new Mac with macOS Ventura pre-installed or you’ve upgraded from a previous version of macOS, you’ll find that Ventura makes your computer easier to use and offers myriad improvements to make you more productive.\r\n\r\nThis Cheat Sheet includes information on things you should never do to your Mac; a compendium of useful and timesaving keyboard shortcuts; recommendations for backing up data; and website recommendations for smart Ventura users.","blurb":"","authors":[{"authorId":35211,"name":"Guy Hart-Davis","slug":"guy-hart-davis","description":" <p><b>Guy Hart-Davis is author or coauthor of various technology books, including <i>iPhone For Dummies </i>and<i> Teach Yourself VISUALLY iPhone 14.</i></b> ","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/35211"}}],"primaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":35291,"title":"Ventura","slug":"ventura","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/35291"}},"secondaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"tertiaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"trendingArticles":null,"inThisArticle":[],"relatedArticles":{"fromBook":[],"fromCategory":[]},"hasRelatedBookFromSearch":false,"relatedBook":{"bookId":295703,"slug":"macos-ventura-for-dummies","isbn":"9781119912873","categoryList":["technology","computers","operating-systems","macos","ventura"],"amazon":{"default":"//www.amazon.com/gp/product/1119912873/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","ca":"//www.amazon.ca/gp/product/1119912873/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","indigo_ca":"//www.tkqlhce.com/click-9208661-13710633?url=//www.chapters.indigo.ca/en-ca/books/product/1119912873-item.html&cjsku=978111945484","gb":"//www.amazon.co.uk/gp/product/1119912873/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","de":"//www.amazon.de/gp/product/1119912873/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20"},"image":{"src":"//coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/macos-ventura-for-dummies-cover-9781119912873-203x255.jpg","width":203,"height":255},"title":"macOS Ventura For Dummies","testBankPinActivationLink":"","bookOutOfPrint":true,"authorsInfo":"<p><p><b><b data-author-id=\"35211\">Guy Hart-Davis</b> is author or coauthor of various technology books, including <i>iPhone For Dummies </i>and<i> Teach Yourself VISUALLY iPhone 14.</i></b></p>","authors":[{"authorId":35211,"name":"Guy Hart-Davis","slug":"guy-hart-davis","description":" <p><b>Guy Hart-Davis is author or coauthor of various technology books, including <i>iPhone For Dummies </i>and<i> Teach Yourself VISUALLY iPhone 14.</i></b> ","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/35211"}}],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/books/"}},"collections":[],"articleAds":{"footerAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;technology&quot;,&quot;computers&quot;,&quot;operating-systems&quot;,&quot;macos&quot;,&quot;ventura&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9781119912873&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-645938deed0b0\"></div></div>","rightAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_right_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_right_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;technology&quot;,&quot;computers&quot;,&quot;operating-systems&quot;,&quot;macos&quot;,&quot;ventura&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9781119912873&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-645938deed663\"></div></div>"},"articleType":{"articleType":"Cheat Sheet","articleList":[{"articleId":0,"title":"","slug":null,"categoryList":[],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/"}}],"content":[{"title":"What not to do with your Mac running Ventura","thumb":null,"image":null,"content":"<p>Treat your Mac and macOS Ventura with care. To keep your work and leisure projects safe, never do any of these things with your Mac:</p>\n<ul>\n<li><strong>Never shut off your Mac by pulling the plug. </strong>Always use the Shut Down command from the Apple menu (or press the power button and then click the Shut Down button).If you’re using a MacBook, you can usually get away with pulling the plug while it’s running because the battery automatically kicks in. The only caveat is that if your battery is totally depleted, damaged, or missing entirely, you could suffer directory damage or data loss by pulling the plug. Just use the Shut Down command, and you’ll sleep well.</li>\n<li><strong>Never bump, drop, shake, wobble, dribble, drop-kick, or play catch with a hard drive while it’s running macOS.</strong> Don’t forget: Your desktop Mac has a hard or solid-state drive inside it, too.</li>\n<li><strong>Never get up from your Mac without saving your work.</strong> Just before your butt leaves the chair, your fingers should press Command+S (the keyboard shortcut in macOS that saves your work). Make it a habit.</li>\n<li><strong>Never keep only one copy of your important documents. </strong>Make at least two backup copies and keep one of them in another physical location. Period.</li>\n<li><strong>Never clean your monitor with a glass cleaner, such as Windex (or another product not designed to be used on a video display). </strong>And nix the paper towels or tissues, too. Use a soft cloth (microfiber is best) to avoid scratching the display.</li>\n<li><strong>Never pay attention to anyone who says that Windows is just like the Mac. </strong>Yeah, right. And a Kia is just like a Porsche.</li>\n</ul>\n"},{"title":"Handy keyboard shortcuts for macOS Ventura","thumb":null,"image":null,"content":"<p>Make your work go faster by using these macOS keyboard shortcuts with your flying fingers. Print this chart and refer to it while you work or play.</p>\n<table>\n<tbody>\n<tr>\n<td><strong>Command</strong></td>\n<td><strong>Keyboard Shortcut</strong></td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Add Selected Item to Dock</td>\n<td>Command+Control+Shift+T</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Add Selected Item to Sidebar</td>\n<td>Command+Control+T</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Close All Windows</td>\n<td>Command+Option+W</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Close Window</td>\n<td>Command+W</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Copy</td>\n<td>Command+C</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Cut</td>\n<td>Command+X</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Duplicate</td>\n<td>Command+D</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Eject Disk</td>\n<td>Command+E</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Empty Trash</td>\n<td>Command+Shift+Delete</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Find</td>\n<td>Command+F</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Get Info (on selected item or items)</p>\n<p>Get Info Inspector (on selected item or items)</td>\n<td>Command+I</p>\n<p>Command+Option+I</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Go to Recents</td>\n<td>Command+Shift+F</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Go to Applications Folder</td>\n<td>Command+Shift+A</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Go to Desktop</td>\n<td>Command+Shift+D</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Go to Documents Folder</td>\n<td>Command+Shift+O</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Go to Home Folder</td>\n<td>Command+Shift+H</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Help</td>\n<td>Command+Shift+?</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Hide Current Application</td>\n<td>Command+H</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Hide Other Applications</td>\n<td>Command+Option+H</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Log Out Current User</td>\n<td>Command+Shift+Q</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Make Alias</td>\n<td>Command+L</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Minimize Window</td>\n<td>Command+M</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Mission Control: All Windows</td>\n<td>Control+Up Arrow (F3 on Apple keyboards)</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Mission Control: Application Windows</td>\n<td>Control+Down Arrow (Control+F3 on Apple keyboards)</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Mission Control: Show Desktop</td>\n<td>F11 (fn+F11 on laptops) (Command+F3 on Apple keyboards)</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Move to Trash</td>\n<td>Command+Delete</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>New Finder Window</td>\n<td>Command+N</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>New Folder</td>\n<td>Command+Shift+N</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>New Smart Folder</td>\n<td>Command+Option+N</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Next Window</td>\n<td>Command+` (backtick)</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Open</td>\n<td>Command+O</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Paste</td>\n<td>Command+V</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Quick Look (at selected item)</td>\n<td>Command+Y or Spacebar</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Redo</td>\n<td>Command+Shift+Z</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Select All</td>\n<td>Command+A</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Show Original (of selected alias)</td>\n<td>Command+R</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Show View Options</td>\n<td>Command+J</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Show/Hide Dock</td>\n<td>Command+Option+D</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Show/Hide Path Bar</td>\n<td>Command+Option +P</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Show/Hide Sidebar</td>\n<td>Command+Option +S</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Show/Hide Status Bar</td>\n<td>Command+/</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Show/Hide Tab Bar</td>\n<td>Command+Shift+T</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Show/Hide Toolbar</td>\n<td>Command+Option+T</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Turn VoiceOver On/Off</td>\n<td>Command+F5 (fn+F5 on laptops)</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Undo</td>\n<td>Command+Z</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>View Window as Columns</td>\n<td>Command+3</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>View Window as Gallery</td>\n<td>Command+4</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>View Window as Icons</td>\n<td>Command+1</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>View Window as List</td>\n<td>Command+2</td>\n</tr>\n</tbody>\n</table>\n"},{"title":"Tabbing around Ventura's Save As dialog","thumb":null,"image":null,"content":"<p>In the expanded view of macOS Ventura&#8217;s &#8220;Save As&#8221; dialog, if you press the Tab key while the Save As field is active, it becomes inactive and the Tags field becomes active. Press Tab again, and the Search field becomes active. Press Tab again and the sidebar becomes active. And if you press Tab again, the Save As field will, once again, be active.</p>\n<p>That’s because the Save As field, the Tags and Search fields, and the sidebar are mutually exclusive, and only one can be active at any time. You can always tell which item is active by the thin blue border around it.</p>\n<p>When you want to switch to a different folder to save a file, click the folder in the sidebar or click anywhere in the file list box to make the file list active. The following tricks help you get a hold on this whole active/inactive silliness:</p>\n<ul>\n<li><strong>If you type while the file list box is active, the list box selects the folder that most closely matches the letter(s) that you type.</strong> It’s a little strange because you won’t see what you type: You’ll be typing blind, so to speak.</li>\n<li><strong>When the file list is active, the letters that you type don’t appear in the Save As field. </strong>If you want to type a filename, you have to activate the Save As field again (by clicking in it or using the Tab key) before you can type in it.</li>\n<li><strong>If you type while the sidebar is active, nothing happens.</strong> But you can use the up- and down-arrow keys to move around in the sidebar.</li>\n<li><strong>Pressing Shift reverses the order of the sequence. </strong>If you press Shift+Tab, the active item moves from the Save As field to the Sidebar to the Search box and back to the Save As field again.</li>\n</ul>\n"},{"title":"Backup made straightforward","thumb":null,"image":null,"content":"<p>When working in macOS Ventura, would you like to ensure that you won’t lose more than a little work no matter what happens — even if your office burns, floods, is destroyed by tornado, hurricane, or earthquake, or robbed? If so, follow these recommendations.</p>\n<p>Keeping a single backup is — frankly, my dear — not enough. Two backups might be okay. Three is much safer and gives you the option of keeping the third somewhere offsite, such as at a friend or relative&#8217;s house or in a safe-deposit box at your bank.</p>\n<p>To make those three backups, you need to create a set-and-forget system that runs automatically in the background without you needing to start them. Consider these options:</p>\n<h3>Time Machine</h3>\n<p>Use macOS&#8217;s excellent Time Machine feature as your first line of defense. Time Machine is so easy and so effective that there&#8217;s no excuse not to use it. But although Time Machine maintains multiple copies of files, they’re all stored on the same disk. If something’s worth backing up to one place, it’s worth backing up three times.</p>\n<p>You can add a second or third backup disk (or even more) to Time Machine if you like. Connect the disk and choose System Settings; then choose General; then choose Time Machine to display the Time Machine pane in System Settings.</p>\n<p>Click the Add (+) button, select the disk in the dialog that opens, and click Set Up Disk. Choose backup options — you&#8217;ll probably want to encrypt the backups — and then click Done. Time Machine then backs up to both the disks. But (you&#8217;ll have spotted the problem here) both your Time Machine backup disks are in the same place, so a single natural disaster (conflagration, inundation, fulmination&#8230;) or deliberate disaster (your choice) can take them both out.</p>\n<h3>Online backup services</h3>\n<p>You can use an online backup service, such as iDrive (<a href=\"//www.idrive.com/\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\">www.idrive.com</a>) or Backblaze (<a href=\"//www.backblaze.com/\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\">www.backblaze.com</a>) to back up your Mac to the cloud.</p>\n<p>These services start around the $5 to $10 per month level, so they&#8217;re good value. Most can back up your other computers and devices as well as your Mac.</p>\n<h3>Cloning apps</h3>\n<p>You can use a cloning app, such as <a href=\"//www.bombich.com/\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\">Carbon Copy Cloner</a> ($39.99) or <a href=\"//shirt-pocket.com/\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\">SuperDuper</a> ($27.99) to clone your Mac&#8217;s startup disk to another hard drive every day (for example, in the early hours of the morning). This gives you a bootable backup you can use for recovery if your Mac goes south.</p>\n<h3>iCloud</h3>\n<p>Another options is to store your current work in iCloud or a competitor, such as Dropbox or Microsoft&#8217;s OneDrive, so that you have an instantly accessible online backup, as well as being able to work on your documents no matter where you happen to be.</p>\n<p>One final thing: You must test the integrity of each backup to make sure it will work when you need it. Just restore a few files and make sure they&#8217;re usable. You&#8217;ll then be sure you can recover fully should disaster strike.</p>\n"},{"title":"10 favorite websites for macOS Ventura users","thumb":null,"image":null,"content":"<p>To learn about all things Macintosh and macOS Ventura, check out these sites, and stuff your brain with Mac information:</p>\n<ul>\n<li><a href=\"//www.macobserver.com/\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\"><strong>The Mac Observer</strong></a> offers insightful opinion pieces in addition to the usual Apple news and product reviews. The quality and depth of the writing at <em>The Mac Observer </em>is superior to most other sites covering the Apple beat.</li>\n<li>The <a href=\"//support.apple.com/\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\"><strong>Apple support site</strong> </a>and <a href=\"//discussions.apple.com/\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\"><strong>Apple support communities</strong></a> are treasure troves of tech notes, software update information, troubleshooting tips, and documentation for most Apple products.</li>\n<li><a href=\"//www.download.com/\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\"><strong>Download.com</strong></a>, the site formerly known as VersionTracker, is the place to go to find freeware, shareware, and software updates for macOS. If this site doesn’t have it, it probably doesn’t exist.</li>\n<li><a href=\"//www.macworld.com/\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\"><strong>Macworld</strong></a> describes itself as, “Your best source for all things Apple,” and it’s not far from the truth. <em>Macworld</em> is especially strong for comparative reviews of Mac and iPhone/iPad products. If you want to find out which inkjet printer or digital camera is the best in its price class, Macworld.com probably has feature comparison charts and real-world test results.</li>\n<li><a href=\"//www.tidbits.com/\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\"><strong>TidBITS</strong></a> bills itself as “Thoughtful, detailed coverage of everything Apple for 30 years” but there’s much more to <em>TidBITS </em>than just news. You can also find thoughtful commentary, in-depth analysis, and detailed product reviews, written and edited by pros who really know the Apple ecosystem.</li>\n<li><a href=\"//www.sixcolors.com/\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\"><strong>Six Colors</strong></a> is Jason Snell’s magazine on the web. The former editor for <em>Macworld</em> magazine for over a decade, he and his team provide daily coverage of Apple, other technology companies, and the intersection of technology and culture. Six Colors has been around for a few years, and the writing continues to get stronger, more opinionated, and even more fun to read.</li>\n<li><a href=\"//thewirecutter.com/\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\"><strong>Wirecutter</strong> </a>is a great place to learn what experts consider the best peripherals, tech tools, and toys. Now a <em>New York Times</em> company, Wirecutter has the resources to objectively evaluate many products in a category and declare one of them the “best.”</li>\n<li><a href=\"//eshop.macsales.com/\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\"><strong>Other World Computing</strong></a> is a terrific favorite maker of accessories and peripherals for Macs. They have a wide array of storage upgrade kits and memory upgrades that are guaranteed for life, as well as great documentation and instructional videos.</li>\n<li><a href=\"//www.dealmac.com/\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\"><strong>DealMac</strong></a> is the place to shop for deals on Mac stuff. With a motto like “How to go broke saving money,” this site is often the first to find out about sale prices, rebates, and other bargain opportunities on upgrades, software, peripherals, and more.</li>\n<li><a href=\"//www.apple.com/shop/refurbished\"><strong>Apple’s refurbished and clearance store</strong></a> can save you up to 30 percent on like-new Apple products.</li>\n</ul>\n"}],"videoInfo":{"videoId":null,"name":null,"accountId":null,"playerId":null,"thumbnailUrl":null,"description":null,"uploadDate":null}},"sponsorship":{"sponsorshipPage":false,"backgroundImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"brandingLine":"","brandingLink":"","brandingLogo":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"sponsorAd":"","sponsorEbookTitle":"","sponsorEbookLink":"","sponsorEbookImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0}},"primaryLearningPath":"Explore","lifeExpectancy":"Five years","lifeExpectancySetFrom":"2023-11-15T00:00:00+00:00","dummiesForKids":"no","sponsoredContent":"no","adInfo":"","adPairKey":[]},"status":"publish","visibility":"public","articleId":295750},{"headers":{"creationTime":"2017-03-27T14:25:59+00:00","modifiedTime":"2024-05-03T20:54:15+00:00","timestamp":"2024-05-03T21:01:04+00:00"},"data":{"breadcrumbs":[{"name":"Technology","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33512"},"slug":"technology","categoryId":33512},{"name":"Computers","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33513"},"slug":"computers","categoryId":33513},{"name":"Operating Systems","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33524"},"slug":"operating-systems","categoryId":33524},{"name":"Microsoft Windows","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33532"},"slug":"windows","categoryId":33532},{"name":"Windows 10","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33535"},"slug":"windows-10","categoryId":33535}],"title":"Adding an Exception to Your Windows 7 Firewall","strippedTitle":"adding an exception to your windows 7 firewall","slug":"windows-7-set-up-an-inbound-exception-in-windows-firewall","canonicalUrl":"","查找领头羊系统seo":{"metaDescription":"Learn how to set up a firewall with a specific inbound exception to protect your computer while allowing for necessary communications.","noIndex":0,"noFollow":0},"content":"Setting up a firewall is an effective way to protect your computer from outside cyber attackers and malicious software. But keep in mind that by setting up a firewall, you are changing the way your computer communicates with other computers on the Internet. The firewall blocks all incoming communications unless you set up a specific inbound exception in the Windows firewall to let a program in.\r\n\r\nSome of your programs won’t respond until they receive a signal via the Internet. If you have a program that doesn’t poke its own hole through the Windows Firewall, you can tell the firewall to allow packets destined for that specific program — and <i>only</i> that program — in through the firewall.","description":"Setting up a firewall is an effective way to protect your computer from outside cyber attackers and malicious software. But keep in mind that by setting up a firewall, you are changing the way your computer communicates with other computers on the Internet. The firewall blocks all incoming communications unless you set up a specific inbound exception in the Windows firewall to let a program in.\r\n\r\nSome of your programs won’t respond until they receive a signal via the Internet. If you have a program that doesn’t poke its own hole through the Windows Firewall, you can tell the firewall to allow packets destined for that specific program — and <i>only</i> that program — in through the firewall.","blurb":"","authors":[{"authorId":9068,"name":"Woody Leonhard","slug":"woody-leonhard","description":" <b>Woody Leonhard</b> is a bestselling author and has been a Microsoft beta tester since Word for Windows 1.1. He covers Windows and Office topics on his popular Web site, AskWoody.com.","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/9068"}}],"primaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":33535,"title":"Windows 10","slug":"windows-10","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33535"}},"secondaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"tertiaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"trendingArticles":null,"inThisArticle":[],"relatedArticles":{"fromBook":[{"articleId":209482,"title":"Windows 7 All-in-One For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"windows-7-all-in-one-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["technology","computers","operating-systems","windows","windows-10"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/209482"}},{"articleId":206351,"title":"How to Open a Port in the Windows 7 Firewall","slug":"how-to-open-a-port-in-the-windows-7-firewall","categoryList":["technology","computers","operating-systems","windows","windows-10"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/206351"}},{"articleId":206349,"title":"How to Add Gadgets to the Windows 7 Desktop","slug":"how-to-add-gadgets-to-the-windows-7-desktop","categoryList":["technology","computers","operating-systems","windows","windows-10"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/206349"}},{"articleId":206348,"title":"How to Restore the Quick Launch Toolbar to the Taskbar in Windows 7","slug":"how-to-restore-the-quick-launch-toolbar-to-the-taskbar-in-windows-7","categoryList":["technology","computers","operating-systems","windows","windows-10"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/206348"}},{"articleId":206347,"title":"How to Use the Problem Steps Recorder in Windows 7","slug":"how-to-use-the-problem-steps-recorder-in-windows-7","categoryList":["technology","computers","operating-systems","windows","windows-10"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/206347"}}],"fromCategory":[{"articleId":285564,"title":"How to Use Android and iPhone Devices with Windows 10","slug":"how-to-use-android-and-iphone-devices-with-windows-10","categoryList":["technology","computers","operating-systems","windows","windows-10"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/285564"}},{"articleId":285540,"title":"How to Work Remotely with Windows 10","slug":"how-to-work-remotely-with-windows-10","categoryList":["technology","computers","operating-systems","windows","windows-10"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/285540"}},{"articleId":283486,"title":"Your Laptop and Windows","slug":"your-laptop-and-windows","categoryList":["technology","computers","operating-systems","windows","windows-10"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/283486"}},{"articleId":272866,"title":"How to Create Microsoft and Local Accounts in Windows 10","slug":"how-to-create-microsoft-and-local-accounts-in-windows-10","categoryList":["technology","computers","operating-systems","windows","windows-10"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/272866"}},{"articleId":272856,"title":"How to Open Windows 10 Apps","slug":"how-to-open-windows-10-apps","categoryList":["technology","computers","operating-systems","windows","windows-10"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/272856"}}]},"hasRelatedBookFromSearch":false,"relatedBook":{"bookId":281895,"slug":"windows-7-all-in-one-for-dummies","isbn":"9780470487631","categoryList":["technology","computers","operating-systems","windows","windows-10"],"amazon":{"default":"//www.amazon.com/gp/product/0470487631/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","ca":"//www.amazon.ca/gp/product/0470487631/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","indigo_ca":"//www.tkqlhce.com/click-9208661-13710633?url=//www.chapters.indigo.ca/en-ca/books/product/0470487631-item.html&cjsku=978111945484","gb":"//www.amazon.co.uk/gp/product/0470487631/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","de":"//www.amazon.de/gp/product/0470487631/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20"},"image":{"src":"//coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/windows-7-all-in-one-for-dummies-cover-9780470487631-204x255.jpg","width":204,"height":255},"title":"Windows 7 All-in-One For Dummies","testBankPinActivationLink":"","bookOutOfPrint":false,"authorsInfo":"<b data-author-id=\"9068\">Woody Leonhard</b> describes himself as a \"Windows victim.\" Since 1992, he's been sharing the solutions to his own tech problems with millions of readers. In addition to writing several books in the For Dummies series, Woody is a Contributing Editor for <i>Windows Secrets</i> newsletter. He also runs his own blog at AskWoody.com.","authors":[{"authorId":9068,"name":"Woody Leonhard","slug":"woody-leonhard","description":" <b>Woody Leonhard</b> is a bestselling author and has been a Microsoft beta tester since Word for Windows 1.1. He covers Windows and Office topics on his popular Web site, AskWoody.com.","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/9068"}}],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/books/"}},"collections":[],"articleAds":{"footerAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;technology&quot;,&quot;computers&quot;,&quot;operating-systems&quot;,&quot;windows&quot;,&quot;windows-10&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9780470487631&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-6452cb90063e9\"></div></div>","rightAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_right_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_right_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;technology&quot;,&quot;computers&quot;,&quot;operating-systems&quot;,&quot;windows&quot;,&quot;windows-10&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9780470487631&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-6452cb9006b05\"></div></div>"},"articleType":{"articleType":"Step by Step","articleList":null,"content":[{"title":"Choose Start→Control Panel. Click the System and Security link; click Windows Firewall.","thumb":{"src":"//coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/146685.image1.jpg","width":1,"height":1},"image":{"src":"//coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/146684.image0.jpg","width":0,"height":0},"content":"<p>You see the main Windows Firewall control window.</p>\n"},{"title":"On the left, click the link labeled Allow a Program or Feature through Windows Firewall.","thumb":{"src":"//coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/146687.image3.jpg","width":1,"height":1},"image":{"src":"//coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/146686.image2.jpg","width":0,"height":0},"content":"<p>Windows Firewall presents you with a lengthy list of programs: If a box is checked, it means that Windows Firewall will allow incoming packets of data directed to that program.</p>\n<p>The list varies depending on whether you’re connected to a home or work network (a private network) or a public network. There are many programs that won’t be allowed to receive unsolicited packets on a public network, such as Windows Media Player.</p>\n"},{"title":"Select the program’s check box depending on the type of network you want to be connected to when you allow the unsolicited incoming data.","thumb":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"image":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"content":"<p>It’s rare indeed that you would allow access when connected to a public network but not to a home or work network.</p>\n"},{"title":"If you can’t find a program, click the Change Settings button at the top and then click the Allow Another Program button at the bottom.","thumb":{"src":"//coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/146689.image5.jpg","width":1,"height":1},"image":{"src":"//coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/146688.image4.jpg","width":0,"height":0},"content":"<p>Windows Firewall goes out to all common program locations and finally presents you with a list of available programs. It can take a while.</p>\n"},{"title":"If you still don’t see the program you want, click the Browse button and locate the program. Select it and click Open.","thumb":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"image":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"content":"<p>The program you chose appears on the Add a Program list.</p>\n"},{"title":"Choose the program you want to add and click the Add button.","thumb":{"src":"//coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/146691.image7.jpg","width":1,"height":1},"image":{"src":"//coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/146690.image6.jpg","width":0,"height":0},"content":"<p>The Allow Programs list reappears with you program added. For this example, we added a program called <span class=\"code\">PokeMeThrough.exe</span>.</p>\n<p>Realize that you’re opening a potential, albeit small, security hole. If you authorize a renegade program to accept incoming packets, the bad program could let the fox into the chicken coop.</p>\n"},{"title":"Select the check boxes for your poked-through program. Then Click OK.","thumb":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"image":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"content":"<p>Your poked-through program can immediately start handling inbound data.</p>\n"}],"videoInfo":{"videoId":null,"name":null,"accountId":null,"playerId":null,"thumbnailUrl":null,"description":null,"uploadDate":null}},"sponsorship":{"sponsorshipPage":false,"backgroundImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"brandingLine":"","brandingLink":"","brandingLogo":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"sponsorAd":"","sponsorEbookTitle":"","sponsorEbookLink":"","sponsorEbookImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0}},"primaryLearningPath":"Solve","lifeExpectancy":"Two years","lifeExpectancySetFrom":"2023-08-02T00:00:00+00:00","dummiesForKids":"no","sponsoredContent":"no","adInfo":"","adPairKey":[]},"status":"publish","visibility":"public","articleId":206352},{"headers":{"creationTime":"2022-09-22T16:22:20+00:00","modifiedTime":"2023-11-15T19:58:38+00:00","timestamp":"2023-11-15T21:01:02+00:00"},"data":{"breadcrumbs":[{"name":"Technology","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33512"},"slug":"technology","categoryId":33512},{"name":"Computers","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33513"},"slug":"computers","categoryId":33513},{"name":"Operating Systems","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33524"},"slug":"operating-systems","categoryId":33524},{"name":"MacOS","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33527"},"slug":"macos","categoryId":33527},{"name":"Monterey","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/34619"},"slug":"monterey","categoryId":34619}],"title":"MacOS Monterey For Dummies Cheat Sheet","strippedTitle":"macos monterey for dummies cheat sheet","slug":"macos-monterey-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","canonicalUrl":"","查找领头羊系统seo":{"metaDescription":"You'll know Jack with Monterey! This MacOS will make your Mac easier to use if you learn these shortcuts and recommendations.","noIndex":0,"noFollow":0},"content":"Whether you’ve purchased a new Mac with macOS Monterey pre-installed or you’ve upgraded from a previous version of macOS, you’ll find that Monterey makes your Mac easier to use and offers myriad improvements to make you more productive.\r\n\r\nThis Cheat Sheet includes information on things you should never do to your Mac; a compendium of useful and timesaving keyboard shortcuts; a discussion of when folders are too full and when (and when not) to create subfolders; recommendations for backing up data; and a short discussion of iDevices and Continuity.","description":"Whether you’ve purchased a new Mac with macOS Monterey pre-installed or you’ve upgraded from a previous version of macOS, you’ll find that Monterey makes your Mac easier to use and offers myriad improvements to make you more productive.\r\n\r\nThis Cheat Sheet includes information on things you should never do to your Mac; a compendium of useful and timesaving keyboard shortcuts; a discussion of when folders are too full and when (and when not) to create subfolders; recommendations for backing up data; and a short discussion of iDevices and Continuity.","blurb":"","authors":[{"authorId":8989,"name":"Bob LeVitus","slug":"bob-levitus","description":" <p><b>Edward C. Baig</b> is the former Personal Technology columnist at <i>USA Today</i> and current contributing writer at AARP. He makes frequent appearances on TV, radio, and podcasts and is the author of <i>Macs For Dummies</i>.</p> <p><b> Bob &#8220;Dr. Mac&#8221; LeVitus</b> has written or cowritten over 90 popular computer books, including <i>macOS Monterey For Dummies</i> and <i>GarageBand For Dummies</i>. He has also written for the <i>Houston Chronicle and Mac Observer</i> for over twenty years. ","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/8989"}}],"primaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":34619,"title":"Monterey","slug":"monterey","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/34619"}},"secondaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"tertiaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"trendingArticles":null,"inThisArticle":[],"relatedArticles":{"fromBook":[],"fromCategory":[]},"hasRelatedBookFromSearch":false,"relatedBook":{"bookId":288172,"slug":"macos-monterey-for-dummies","isbn":"9781119836964","categoryList":["technology","computers","macs"],"amazon":{"default":"//www.amazon.com/gp/product/1119836964/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","ca":"//www.amazon.ca/gp/product/1119836964/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","indigo_ca":"//www.tkqlhce.com/click-9208661-13710633?url=//www.chapters.indigo.ca/en-ca/books/product/1119836964-item.html&cjsku=978111945484","gb":"//www.amazon.co.uk/gp/product/1119836964/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","de":"//www.amazon.de/gp/product/1119836964/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20"},"image":{"src":"//coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/macos-monterey-for-dummies-cover-9781119836964-203x255.jpg","width":203,"height":255},"title":"macOS Monterey For Dummies","testBankPinActivationLink":"","bookOutOfPrint":true,"authorsInfo":"<p><p><b>Edward C. Baig</b> is the former Personal Technology columnist at <i>USA Today</i> and current contributing writer at AARP. He makes frequent appearances on TV, radio, and podcasts and is the author of <i>Macs For Dummies</i>.</p> <p><b> Bob &#8220;Dr. Mac&#8221; LeVitus</b> has written or cowritten over 90 popular computer books, including <i>macOS Monterey For Dummies</i> and <i>GarageBand For Dummies</i>. He has also written for the <i>Houston Chronicle and Mac Observer</i> for over twenty years.</p>","authors":[{"authorId":8989,"name":"Bob LeVitus","slug":"bob-levitus","description":" <p><b>Edward C. Baig</b> is the former Personal Technology columnist at <i>USA Today</i> and current contributing writer at AARP. He makes frequent appearances on TV, radio, and podcasts and is the author of <i>Macs For Dummies</i>.</p> <p><b> Bob &#8220;Dr. Mac&#8221; LeVitus</b> has written or cowritten over 90 popular computer books, including <i>macOS Monterey For Dummies</i> and <i>GarageBand For Dummies</i>. He has also written for the <i>Houston Chronicle and Mac Observer</i> for over twenty years. ","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/8989"}}],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/books/"}},"collections":[],"articleAds":{"footerAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;technology&quot;,&quot;computers&quot;,&quot;operating-systems&quot;,&quot;macos&quot;,&quot;monterey&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9781119836964&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-6373fe0ebd9ca\"></div></div>","rightAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_right_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_right_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;technology&quot;,&quot;computers&quot;,&quot;operating-systems&quot;,&quot;macos&quot;,&quot;monterey&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9781119836964&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-6373fe0ebe27b\"></div></div>"},"articleType":{"articleType":"Cheat Sheet","articleList":[{"articleId":0,"title":"","slug":null,"categoryList":[],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/"}}],"content":[{"title":"What not to do with your Mac running Monterey","thumb":null,"image":null,"content":"<p>Treat your Mac and macOS Monterey with care. To keep your work and leisure projects safe, never do any of these things with your Mac:</p>\n<ul>\n<li><strong>Never shut off your Mac by pulling the plug. </strong>Always use the Shut Down command from the Apple menu in Monterey (or press the power button and then click the Shut Down button).\n<p class=\"tip\">If you’re using a laptop, you can usually get away with pulling the plug while it’s running because the battery automatically kicks in. The only caveat is that if your battery is totally depleted, damaged, or missing entirely, you could suffer directory damage or data loss by pulling the plug. Just use the Shut Down command, and you’ll sleep well.</p>\n</li>\n<li><strong>Never bump, drop, shake, wobble, dribble, drop-kick, or play catch with a hard drive while it’s running Monterey.</strong> Don’t forget that your desktop Mac has a hard or solid-state drive inside it, too.</li>\n<li><strong>Never get up from your Mac without saving your work.</strong> Just before your butt leaves the chair, your fingers should press Command+S (the keyboard shortcut in macOS that saves your work). Make it a habit.</li>\n<li><strong>Never keep only one copy of your important documents. </strong>Make at least two backup copies and keep one of them in another physical location. Period.</li>\n<li><strong>Never clean your monitor with a glass cleaner, such as Windex (or another product not designed to be used on a video display). </strong>And nix the paper towels or tissues, too. Use a soft cloth (microfiber is best) to avoid scratching the display.</li>\n<li><strong>Never pay attention to anyone who says that Windows is just like the Mac. </strong>Yeah, right. And a Kia is just like a Porsche.</li>\n</ul>\n"},{"title":"Handy keyboard shortcuts for macOS Monterey","thumb":null,"image":null,"content":"<p>Make your work go faster with these macOS Monterey keyboard shortcuts. Print this chart and refer to it while using macOS Monterey.</p>\n<table width=\"546\">\n<tbody>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\"><strong>Command</strong></td>\n<td width=\"273\"><strong>Keyboard Shortcut</strong></td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Add Selected Item to Dock</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+Control+Shift+T</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Add Selected Item to Sidebar</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+Control+T</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Close All Windows</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+Option+W</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Close Window</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+W</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Copy</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+C</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Cut</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+X</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Duplicate</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+D</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Eject Disk</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+E</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Empty Trash</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+Shift+Delete</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Find</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+F</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Get Info (on selected item or items)</p>\n<p>Get Info Inspector (on multiple selected items)</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+I</p>\n<p>Command+Option+I</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Go to Recents</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+Shift+F</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Go to Applications Folder</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+Shift+A</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Go to Desktop</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+Shift+D</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Go to Documents Folder</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+Shift+O</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Go to Home Folder</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+Shift+H</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Help</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+Shift+?</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Hide Current Application</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+H</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Hide Other Applications</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+Option+H</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Log Out Current User</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+Shift+Q</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Make Alias</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+L</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Minimize Window</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+M</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Mission Control: All Windows</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Control+Up Arrow (F3 on Apple keyboards)</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Mission Control: Application Windows</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Control+Down Arrow (Control+F3 on Apple keyboards)</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Mission Control: Show Desktop</td>\n<td width=\"273\">F11 (fn+F11 on laptops) (Command+F3 on Apple keyboards)</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Move to Trash</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+Delete</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">New Finder Window</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+N</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">New Folder</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+Shift+N</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">New Smart Folder</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+Option+N</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Next Window</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+`</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Open</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+O</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Paste</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+V</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Quick Look (at selected item)</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+Y or Spacebar</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Redo</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+Shift+Z</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Select All</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+A</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Show Original (of selected alias)</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+R</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Show View Options</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+J</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Show/Hide Dock</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+Option+D</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Show/Hide Path Bar</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+Option +P</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Show/Hide Sidebar</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+Option +S</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Show/Hide Status Bar</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+/</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Show/Hide Tab Bar</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+Shift+T</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Show/Hide Toolbar</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+Option+T</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Turn VoiceOver On/Off</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+F5 (fn+F5 on laptops)</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">Undo</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+Z</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">View Window as Columns</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+3</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">View Window as Gallery</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+4</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">View Window as Icons</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+1</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"273\">View Window as List</td>\n<td width=\"273\">Command+2</td>\n</tr>\n</tbody>\n</table>\n"},{"title":"Tabbing around Monterey's Save and Save As sheets","thumb":null,"image":null,"content":"<p>In the expanded view of macOS Monterey&#8217;s Save or Save As sheets, if you press the Tab key while the Save As field is active, it becomes inactive and the Tags field becomes active. Press Tab again, and the Search field becomes active. Press Tab again and the sidebar becomes active. And if you press Tab again, the Save As field will, once again, be active.</p>\n<p>That’s because the Save As field, the Tags and Search fields, and the sidebar are mutually exclusive, and only one can be active at any time. You can always tell which item is active by the thin blue border around it.</p>\n<p>When you want to switch to a different folder to save a file, click the folder in the sidebar or click anywhere in the file list box to make the file list active. The following tricks help you get a hold on this whole active/inactive silliness:</p>\n<ul>\n<li><strong>If you type while the file list box is active, the list box selects the folder that most closely matches the letter(s) that you type.</strong> It’s a little strange because you won’t see what you type: You’ll be typing blind, so to speak.</li>\n<li><strong>When the file list is active, the letters that you type don’t appear in the Save As field. </strong>If you want to type a filename, you have to activate the Save As field again (by clicking in it or using the Tab key) before you can type in it.</li>\n<li><strong>If you type while the sidebar is active, nothing happens. </strong>You can, however, use the up- and down-arrow keys to move around in the sidebar.</li>\n<li><strong>Pressing Shift reverses the order of the sequence. </strong>If you press Shift+Tab, the active item moves from the Save As field to the Sidebar to the Search box and back to the Save As field again.</li>\n</ul>\n"},{"title":"Creating subfolders in macOS Monterey . . . or not","thumb":null,"image":null,"content":"<p>How full is too full? When should you begin creating subfolders in Monterey? That’s impossible to say, at least in a one-size-fits-all way, but having too many items in a folder can be a nightmare — as can having too many subfolders with just one or two files in each one.</p>\n<p>If you find more than 15 or 20 files in a single folder, begin thinking about ways to subdivide it. On the other hand, some of your biggest subfolders might contain things that you don’t often access, such as a Correspondence 2001 folder. Because you don’t use it often, its overcrowded condition might not bother you.</p>\n<p>Here are some tips to help you decide whether to use subfolders or just leave well enough alone:</p>\n<ul>\n<li><strong>Don’t create subfolders until you need them. </strong>That way, you avoid opening an empty folder when you’re looking for something else — a complete waste of time.</li>\n<li><strong>Let your work style decide the file structure. </strong>When you first start working with your Mac, you may want to save everything in your Documents folder for a while. When a decent-size group of documents has accumulated in the Documents folder, consider taking a look at them and creating logical subfolders for them.</li>\n</ul>\n"},{"title":"Dr. Mac's backup recommendations","thumb":null,"image":null,"content":"<p>When working in macOS Monterey, would you like to ensure that you won’t lose more than a little work no matter what happens — even if your office burns, floods, is destroyed by tornado, hurricane, or earthquake, or robbed? If so, you might want to follow the setup described here.</p>\n<p>I am continually testing new backup solutions, so the software I use can change from month to month. I’ve tried most of the popular backup solutions and many of the more obscure ones, but before I say anything about my current setup, here is what I’m trying to accomplish (at a minimum): I want at least three (reasonably) current backup sets with copies of all my files.</p>\n<p>I update two of them every day and keep the third somewhere offsite, such as in a safe deposit box at the bank. Every month or two, I swap the offsite backup for the latest backup from home — and then reuse the older backup disk.<br />\nNote that after I set up the following programs, they run automatically in the background with no further action on my part. Think of this as a “set and forget” feature.</p>\n<ul>\n<li><strong>My first line of defense is macOS’s excellent Time Machine. </strong>There’s no excuse not to use it. But although Time Machine maintains multiple copies of files, they’re all stored on the same disk. If something’s worth backing up to one place, it’s worth backing up three times.\n<p class=\"tip\">Note that you can add a second or third backup disk (or more) to Time Machine if you like. Just click Select Disk in the Time Machine System Preferences pane, select the disk, and choose Use Both (or All) in the dialog that appears so that Time Machine rotates among the disks. Alas, even if you have two or more Time Machine backup disks, they’re still all stored in the same room.</p>\n</li>\n<li><strong>And so, in addition to Time Machine, I use the excellent <a href=\"//www.backblaze.com/\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\">Backblaze </a>($6 per month for unlimited cloud storage).</strong> I use it to back up everything that matters, so I have a copy in the cloud, just in case. I consider it a bargain at $6 per month.</li>\n<li><strong>Every night at midnight, </strong><a href=\"//www.bombich.com/\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\"><strong>Carbon Copy Cloner</strong></a><strong> ($39.99) <em>clones</em> (duplicates) my startup disk to another hard drive. </strong>This provides me a bootable backup I can use with almost any other Mac.</li>\n<li><strong>Finally, I use Dropbox to synchronize current projects among several Macs and my iPhone and iPad, giving me additional backup copies of important files. </strong>This also ensures that the most current version of the file is available from all my devices.</li>\n</ul>\n<p>One last thing: I test the integrity of each backup regularly, and so should you. Just restore a few files and confirm they’re usable. Carbon Copy Cloner has a setting that checks every file for corruption, which I use once a month to ensure that the files in my backups aren’t corrupted or damaged and can be restored successfully.</p>\n"},{"title":"10 favorite websites for macOS Monterey users","thumb":null,"image":null,"content":"<p>To learn about all things Macintosh and macOS Monterey, hop onto the web, check out these sites, and stuff your brain with Mac information:</p>\n<ul>\n<li><a href=\"//www.macobserver.com/\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\"><strong>The Mac Observer</strong></a> offers insightful opinion pieces in addition to the usual Apple news and product reviews. The quality and depth of the writing at <em>The Mac Observer </em>is superior to most other sites covering the Apple beat.<br />\nDisclosure: I’m proud to be a columnist at <em>The Mac Observer, </em>and even prouder to have been doing it for nearly two decades.</li>\n<li>The <strong><a href=\"//support.apple.com/\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\">Apple support site </a></strong>and <a href=\"//discussions.apple.com/\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\"><strong>Apple support communities</strong></a> are treasure troves of tech notes, software update information, troubleshooting tips, and documentation for most Apple products.</li>\n<li><strong><a href=\"//www.download.com/\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\">Download.com</a></strong>, the site formerly known as VersionTracker is the place to go to find freeware, shareware, and software updates for macOS. If this site doesn’t have it, it probably doesn’t exist.</li>\n<li><a href=\"//www.macworld.com/\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\"><strong>Macworld</strong></a> describes itself as “your best source for all things Apple,” and it’s not far from the truth. <em>Macworld</em> is especially strong for comparative reviews of Mac and iPhone/iPad products. If you want to find out which inkjet printer or digital camera is the best in its price class, Macworld.com probably has feature comparison charts and real-world test results.</li>\n<li><strong><a href=\"//www.tidbits.com/\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\">TidBITS</a></strong> bills itself as “thoughtful, detailed coverage of everything Apple for 30 years,” but there’s much more to <em>TidBITS </em>than just news. You can also find thoughtful commentary, in-depth analysis, and detailed product reviews, written and edited by pros who really know the Apple ecosystem.</li>\n<li><a href=\"//www.sixcolors.com/\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\"><strong>Six Colors</strong></a> is Jason Snell’s magazine on the web. The former editor for <em>Macworld</em> magazine for over a decade, he and his team provide daily coverage of Apple, other technology companies, and the intersection of technology and culture. Six Colors has been around for a few years, and the writing continues to get stronger, more opinionated, and even more fun to read.</li>\n<li><strong><a href=\"//thewirecutter.com/\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\">Wirecutter </a></strong>is where I go to see what experts consider the best peripherals, tech tools, and toys. Now a <em>New York Times</em> company, Wirecutter has the resources to objectively evaluate many products in a category and declare one of them the “best.”</li>\n<li><a href=\"//eshop.macsales.com/\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\"><strong>Other World Computing</strong></a> is my favorite maker of accessories and peripherals for Macs. They have a wide array of storage upgrade kits and memory upgrades that are guaranteed for life, as well as great documentation and instructional videos.</li>\n<li><a href=\"//www.dealmac.com/\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\"><strong>DealMac</strong></a> is the place to shop for deals on Mac stuff. With a motto like “How to go broke saving money,” this site is often the first to find out about sale prices, rebates, and other bargain opportunities on upgrades, software, peripherals, and more.</li>\n<li><strong><a href=\"//www.apple.com/shop/refurbished\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\">Apple’s Refurbished and Clearance Store</a></strong> can save you up to 30 percent on like-new Apple products.</li>\n</ul>\n"}],"videoInfo":{"videoId":null,"name":null,"accountId":null,"playerId":null,"thumbnailUrl":null,"description":null,"uploadDate":null}},"sponsorship":{"sponsorshipPage":false,"backgroundImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"brandingLine":"","brandingLink":"","brandingLogo":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"sponsorAd":"","sponsorEbookTitle":"","sponsorEbookLink":"","sponsorEbookImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0}},"primaryLearningPath":"Advance","lifeExpectancy":"One year","lifeExpectancySetFrom":"2022-09-22T00:00:00+00:00","dummiesForKids":"no","sponsoredContent":"no","adInfo":"","adPairKey":[]},"status":"publish","visibility":"public","articleId":288510},{"headers":{"creationTime":"2017-03-27T16:48:00+00:00","modifiedTime":"2023-11-01T20:05:10+00:00","timestamp":"2023-11-01T21:01:02+00:00"},"data":{"breadcrumbs":[{"name":"Technology","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33512"},"slug":"technology","categoryId":33512},{"name":"Computers","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33513"},"slug":"computers","categoryId":33513},{"name":"Operating Systems","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33524"},"slug":"operating-systems","categoryId":33524},{"name":"Linux","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33526"},"slug":"linux","categoryId":33526}],"title":"Linux All-in-One For Dummies Cheat Sheet","strippedTitle":"linux all-in-one for dummies cheat sheet","slug":"linux-all-in-one-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","canonicalUrl":"","查找领头羊系统seo":{"metaDescription":"These common Linux commands and information on how to access Linux help pages with help you work efficiently with the operating system.","noIndex":0,"noFollow":0},"content":"Linux can fulfill almost any need you have for the operating system on a desktop computer, but you must be able to tell it what you want to do in a way that it understands. You need to know common commands and how to access the help pages.","description":"Linux can fulfill almost any need you have for the operating system on a desktop computer, but you must be able to tell it what you want to do in a way that it understands. 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Study Guide, CompTIA A&#43; Complete Study Guide,</i> and <i>CompTIA Network&#43; Exam Cram.</i> <p><b>Emmett Dulaney</b> is a university professor and columnist for <i>Certification Magazine.</i> An expert on operating systems and certification, he is the author of <i>CompTIA Security&#43; Study Guide, CompTIA A&#43; Complete Study Guide,</i> and <i>CompTIA Network&#43; Exam Cram.</i></p>","authors":[{"authorId":9408,"name":"Emmett Dulaney","slug":"emmett-dulaney","description":" <p><b>Emmett Dulaney</b> is a university professor and columnist for <i>Certification Magazine.</i> An expert on operating systems and certification, he is the author of <i>CompTIA Security&#43; Study Guide, CompTIA A&#43; Complete Study Guide,</i> and <i>CompTIA Network&#43; Exam Cram.</i> ","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/9408"}},{"authorId":10600,"name":"Richard Blum","slug":"richard-blum","description":" <p><b>Emmett Dulaney</b> is a university professor and columnist for <i>Certification Magazine.</i> An expert on operating systems and certification, he is the author of <i>CompTIA Security&#43; Study Guide, CompTIA A&#43; Complete Study Guide,</i> and <i>CompTIA Network&#43; Exam Cram.</i> ","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/10600"}}],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/books/"}},"collections":[],"articleAds":{"footerAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;technology&quot;,&quot;computers&quot;,&quot;operating-systems&quot;,&quot;linux&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9781119901921&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-6361890ed104a\"></div></div>","rightAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_right_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_right_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;technology&quot;,&quot;computers&quot;,&quot;operating-systems&quot;,&quot;linux&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9781119901921&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-6361890ed17ca\"></div></div>"},"articleType":{"articleType":"Cheat Sheet","articleList":[{"articleId":152307,"title":"Linux Installation Checklist","slug":"linux-installation-checklist","categoryList":["technology","computers","operating-systems","linux"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/152307"}},{"articleId":152250,"title":"Linux Commands to Check the Network","slug":"linux-commands-to-check-the-network","categoryList":["technology","computers","operating-systems","linux"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/152250"}},{"articleId":152270,"title":"Working in Linux with the bash Shell","slug":"working-in-linux-with-the-bash-shell","categoryList":[],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/152270"}},{"articleId":152271,"title":"Linux File System Basics","slug":"linux-file-system-basics","categoryList":[],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/152271"}}],"content":[{"title":"Common Linux commands","thumb":null,"image":null,"content":"<h1></h1>\n<table>\n<tbody>\n<tr>\n<td><strong>Command</strong></td>\n<td><strong>Description</strong></td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>cat [<em>filename</em>]</td>\n<td>Display the file’s contents to the standard output device (usually your monitor).</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>cd /<em>directorypath</em></td>\n<td>Change to directory.</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>chmod [<em>options</em>] <em>mode</em> <em>filename</em></td>\n<td>Change a file’s permissions.</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>chown [<em>options</em>] <em>filename</em></td>\n<td>Change who owns a file.</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>clear</td>\n<td>Clear a command-line screen/window for a fresh start.</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>cp [<em>options</em>] <em>source</em> <em>destination</em></td>\n<td>Copy files and directories.</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>date [<em>options</em>]</td>\n<td>Display or set the system date and time.</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>df [<em>options</em>]</td>\n<td>Display used and available disk space.</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>du [<em>options</em>]</td>\n<td>Show how much space each file takes up.</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>file [<em>options</em>] <em>filename</em></td>\n<td>Determine what type of data is within a file.</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>find [<em>pathname</em>] [<em>expression</em>]</td>\n<td>Search for files matching a provided pattern.</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>grep [<em>options</em>] <em>pattern</em> [<em>filename</em>]</td>\n<td>Search files or output for a particular pattern.</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>kill [<em>options</em>] <em>pid</em></td>\n<td>Stop a process. If the process refuses to stop, use kill -9 pid.</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>less [<em>options</em>] [<em>filename</em>]</td>\n<td>View the contents of a file one page at a time.</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>ln [<em>options</em>] <em>source</em> [<em>destination</em>]</td>\n<td>Create a shortcut.</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>locate <em>filename</em></td>\n<td>Search for the specified filename.</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>lpr [<em>options</em>]</td>\n<td>Send a print job.</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>ls [<em>options</em>]</td>\n<td>List directory contents.</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>man [<em>command</em>]</td>\n<td>Display the help information for the specified command.</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>mkdir [<em>options</em>] <em>directory</em></td>\n<td>Create a new directory.</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>mv [<em>options</em>] <em>source</em> <em>destination</em></td>\n<td>Rename or move file(s) or directories.</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>passwd [<em>name</em> [<em>password</em>]]</td>\n<td>Change the password or allow (for the system administrator) to change any password.</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>ps [<em>options</em>]</td>\n<td>Display a snapshot of the currently running processes.</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>pwd</td>\n<td>Display the pathname for the current directory.</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>rm [<em>options</em>] <em>directory</em></td>\n<td>Remove (delete) file(s) and/or directories.</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>rmdir [<em>options</em>] <em>directory</em></td>\n<td>Delete empty directories.</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>ssh [<em>options</em>] <em>user</em>@<em>machine</em></td>\n<td>Remotely log in to another Linux machine, over the network. Leave an ssh session by typing <strong>exit</strong>.</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>su [<em>options</em>] [<em>user</em> [<em>arguments</em>]]</td>\n<td>Switch to another user account.</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>tail [<em>options</em>] [<em>filename</em>]</td>\n<td>Display the last <em>n</em> lines of a file (the default is 10).</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>tar [<em>options</em>] <em>filename</em></td>\n<td>Store and extract files from a tarball (.tar) or a compressed tarball (.tar.gz or .tgz).</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>top</td>\n<td>Displays the resources being used on your system. Press Q to exit.</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>touch <em>filename</em></td>\n<td>Create an empty file with the specified name.</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>who [<em>options</em>]</td>\n<td>Display who is logged on.</td>\n</tr>\n</tbody>\n</table>\n<p>To access your CDs/DVDs and USB sticks:</p>\n<ul>\n<li>If you’re in the graphical user interface (GUI), the media should be automatically detected.</li>\n<li>On the command line, look in the /media directory. You may need to use mount /media/cdrom, /media/dvdrom, or some other variant.</li>\n</ul>\n<p>To remove your CDs/DVDs and USB sticks:</p>\n<ul>\n<li>In the GNOME 3 desktop, right-click the media’s icon and select Eject from the context menu. If you’re using the KDE Plasma desktop, select the Device Notifier icon in the Panel, and then select the CD or USB icon to eject.</li>\n<li>On the command line, type <strong>umount /media/<em>cdrom</em></strong>, where you should change <strong><em>cdrom</em></strong> to whatever you had to use to mount the item.</li>\n</ul>\n"},{"title":"Accessing Linux help pages","thumb":null,"image":null,"content":"<p>To find help, try the following commands:</p>\n<ul>\n<li>man -k [keyword]: Search a database for commands that involve the keyword. Can also be used as apropos [keyword].</li>\n<li>info [command]: Display a file’s help information in an alternate format.</li>\n<li>man [command]: Display a file’s help information.</li>\n<li>whatis [command]: Display a short blurb about the command.</li>\n</ul>\n<p>You can also check the following documentation:</p>\n<ul>\n<li><strong>openSUSE: </strong>The openSUSE documentation (<a href=\"//doc.opensuse.org/\">//doc.opensuse.org</a>) provides a complete reference guide to both the openSUSE environment and the GNOME 3 desktop environment. There’s also a user forum (<a href=\"//forums.opensuse.org/\">//forums.opensuse.org</a>) where users can post and answer specific questions about using openSUSE.</li>\n<li><strong>Rocky Linux:</strong> The Rocky Linux documentation web page (<a href=\"//docs.rockylinux.org/\">//docs.rockylinux.org</a>) provides access to guides (short how-to documentation), books (longer-format documentation), labs (step-by-step work-throughs of processes), and gemstones (very short how-to documents).</li>\n<li><strong>Ubuntu:</strong> The official Ubuntu documentation (<a href=\"//help.ubuntu.com/\">//help.ubuntu.com</a>) provides basic information on how to get started with most common desktop tasks. Just look for the topic area you’re interested in and follow the thread. Ubuntu also has a wiki (<a href=\"//wiki.ubuntu.com/\">//wiki.ubuntu.com</a>), where Ubuntu users can contribute their own guides and tutorials.</li>\n</ul>\n"}],"videoInfo":{"videoId":null,"name":null,"accountId":null,"playerId":null,"thumbnailUrl":null,"description":null,"uploadDate":null}},"sponsorship":{"sponsorshipPage":false,"backgroundImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"brandingLine":"","brandingLink":"","brandingLogo":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"sponsorAd":"","sponsorEbookTitle":"","sponsorEbookLink":"","sponsorEbookImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0}},"primaryLearningPath":"Advance","lifeExpectancy":"Two years","lifeExpectancySetFrom":"2023-03-23T00:00:00+00:00","dummiesForKids":"no","sponsoredContent":"no","adInfo":"","adPairKey":[]},"status":"publish","visibility":"public","articleId":207674},{"headers":{"creationTime":"2017-03-27T14:25:53+00:00","modifiedTime":"2023-08-02T17:49:31+00:00","timestamp":"2023-09-14T18:19:50+00:00"},"data":{"breadcrumbs":[{"name":"Technology","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33512"},"slug":"technology","categoryId":33512},{"name":"Computers","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33513"},"slug":"computers","categoryId":33513},{"name":"Operating Systems","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33524"},"slug":"operating-systems","categoryId":33524},{"name":"Windows","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33532"},"slug":"windows","categoryId":33532},{"name":"Windows 10","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33535"},"slug":"windows-10","categoryId":33535}],"title":"How to Open a Port in the Windows 7 Firewall","strippedTitle":"how to open a port in the windows 7 firewall","slug":"how-to-open-a-port-in-the-windows-7-firewall","canonicalUrl":"","查找领头羊系统seo":{"metaDescription":"Learn how to set up a Windows firewall with an open port to allow for specific applications while protecting your computer.","noIndex":0,"noFollow":0},"content":"When you use a firewall — and you should — you change the way your computer communicates with other computers on the Internet. The firewall blocks all incoming communications unless you open a port in the Windows firewall to let a specific IP communicate with your computer. For example, if you want to play many online games.\r\n\r\nMost first-time firewallers are overwhelmed by the idea of opening a port. Although open ports are a security threat, sometimes you truly need to open one. Still, you may need to open a port to enable a specific application. For example, when you select the check box to allow Remote Desktop, you’re opening port 3389. That’s the security price you pay for enabling programs to talk to each other.In general, if you need to open a specific port, the documentation for the program (game, torrent downloader, file sharer) will tell you . . . assuming you read the program’s manual.","description":"When you use a firewall — and you should — you change the way your computer communicates with other computers on the Internet. The firewall blocks all incoming communications unless you open a port in the Windows firewall to let a specific IP communicate with your computer. For example, if you want to play many online games.\r\n\r\nMost first-time firewallers are overwhelmed by the idea of opening a port. Although open ports are a security threat, sometimes you truly need to open one. Still, you may need to open a port to enable a specific application. For example, when you select the check box to allow Remote Desktop, you’re opening port 3389. That’s the security price you pay for enabling programs to talk to each other.In general, if you need to open a specific port, the documentation for the program (game, torrent downloader, file sharer) will tell you . . . assuming you read the program’s manual.","blurb":"","authors":[{"authorId":9068,"name":"Woody Leonhard","slug":"woody-leonhard","description":" <b>Woody Leonhard</b> is a bestselling author and has been a Microsoft beta tester since Word for Windows 1.1. He covers Windows and Office topics on his popular Web site, AskWoody.com.","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/9068"}}],"primaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":33535,"title":"Windows 10","slug":"windows-10","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33535"}},"secondaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"tertiaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"trendingArticles":null,"inThisArticle":[],"relatedArticles":{"fromBook":[{"articleId":209482,"title":"Windows 7 All-in-One For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"windows-7-all-in-one-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["technology","computers","operating-systems","windows","windows-10"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/209482"}},{"articleId":206352,"title":"Windows 7: Set Up an Inbound Exception in Windows Firewall","slug":"windows-7-set-up-an-inbound-exception-in-windows-firewall","categoryList":["technology","computers","operating-systems","windows","windows-10"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/206352"}},{"articleId":206349,"title":"How to Add Gadgets to the Windows 7 Desktop","slug":"how-to-add-gadgets-to-the-windows-7-desktop","categoryList":["technology","computers","operating-systems","windows","windows-10"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/206349"}},{"articleId":206348,"title":"How to Restore the Quick Launch Toolbar to the Taskbar in Windows 7","slug":"how-to-restore-the-quick-launch-toolbar-to-the-taskbar-in-windows-7","categoryList":["technology","computers","operating-systems","windows","windows-10"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/206348"}},{"articleId":206347,"title":"How to Use the Problem Steps Recorder in Windows 7","slug":"how-to-use-the-problem-steps-recorder-in-windows-7","categoryList":["technology","computers","operating-systems","windows","windows-10"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/206347"}}],"fromCategory":[{"articleId":285564,"title":"How to Use Android and iPhone Devices with Windows 10","slug":"how-to-use-android-and-iphone-devices-with-windows-10","categoryList":["technology","computers","operating-systems","windows","windows-10"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/285564"}},{"articleId":285540,"title":"How to Work Remotely with Windows 10","slug":"how-to-work-remotely-with-windows-10","categoryList":["technology","computers","operating-systems","windows","windows-10"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/285540"}},{"articleId":283486,"title":"Your Laptop and Windows","slug":"your-laptop-and-windows","categoryList":["technology","computers","operating-systems","windows","windows-10"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/283486"}},{"articleId":272866,"title":"How to Create Microsoft and Local Accounts in Windows 10","slug":"how-to-create-microsoft-and-local-accounts-in-windows-10","categoryList":["technology","computers","operating-systems","windows","windows-10"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/272866"}},{"articleId":272856,"title":"How to Open Windows 10 Apps","slug":"how-to-open-windows-10-apps","categoryList":["technology","computers","operating-systems","windows","windows-10"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/272856"}}]},"hasRelatedBookFromSearch":false,"relatedBook":{"bookId":281895,"slug":"windows-7-all-in-one-for-dummies","isbn":"9780470487631","categoryList":["technology","computers","operating-systems","windows","windows-10"],"amazon":{"default":"//www.amazon.com/gp/product/0470487631/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","ca":"//www.amazon.ca/gp/product/0470487631/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","indigo_ca":"//www.tkqlhce.com/click-9208661-13710633?url=//www.chapters.indigo.ca/en-ca/books/product/0470487631-item.html&cjsku=978111945484","gb":"//www.amazon.co.uk/gp/product/0470487631/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","de":"//www.amazon.de/gp/product/0470487631/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20"},"image":{"src":"//coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/windows-7-all-in-one-for-dummies-cover-9780470487631-204x255.jpg","width":204,"height":255},"title":"Windows 7 All-in-One For Dummies","testBankPinActivationLink":"","bookOutOfPrint":false,"authorsInfo":"<b data-author-id=\"9068\">Woody Leonhard</b> describes himself as a \"Windows victim.\" Since 1992, he's been sharing the solutions to his own tech problems with millions of readers. In addition to writing several books in the For Dummies series, Woody is a Contributing Editor for <i>Windows Secrets</i> newsletter. He also runs his own blog at AskWoody.com.","authors":[{"authorId":9068,"name":"Woody Leonhard","slug":"woody-leonhard","description":" <b>Woody Leonhard</b> is a bestselling author and has been a Microsoft beta tester since Word for Windows 1.1. He covers Windows and Office topics on his popular Web site, AskWoody.com.","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/9068"}}],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/books/"}},"collections":[],"articleAds":{"footerAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;technology&quot;,&quot;computers&quot;,&quot;operating-systems&quot;,&quot;windows&quot;,&quot;windows-10&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9780470487631&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-63221b4668770\"></div></div>","rightAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_right_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_right_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;technology&quot;,&quot;computers&quot;,&quot;operating-systems&quot;,&quot;windows&quot;,&quot;windows-10&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9780470487631&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-63221b46691cd\"></div></div>"},"articleType":{"articleType":"Step by Step","articleList":null,"content":[{"title":"Choose Start→Control Panel. Click the System and Security link and then click Windows Firewall.","thumb":{"src":"//coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/146665.image1.jpg","width":1,"height":1},"image":{"src":"//coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/146664.image0.jpg","width":0,"height":0},"content":"<p>You see the main Windows Firewall control window.</p>\n"},{"title":"On the left, click the Advanced Settings link.","thumb":{"src":"//coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/146667.image3.jpg","width":1,"height":1},"image":{"src":"//coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/146666.image2.jpg","width":0,"height":0},"content":"<p>You see the Windows Firewall sanctum sanctorum.</p>\n"},{"title":"On the left, click Inbound Rules. Then, on the right, under Actions, click the New Rule link.","thumb":{"src":"//coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/146669.image5.jpg","width":1,"height":1},"image":{"src":"//coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/146668.image4.jpg","width":0,"height":0},"content":"<p>Windows Firewall shows you the New Inbound Rule Wizard.</p>\n"},{"title":"Select the option marked Port and click Next.","thumb":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"image":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"content":"<p>The wizard asks you to specify which ports.</p>\n"},{"title":"In the Specific Local Ports box, type the ports you want to open, separated by commas, and then click Next.","thumb":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"image":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"content":"<p>For example, in this case, the TCP ports that need to be opened are 418, 419, 420, and 421. The wizard takes action and opens those ports to receive data.</p>\n"},{"title":"Choose Allow the Connection and click Next.","thumb":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"image":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"content":"<p>The New Inbound Rule Wizard wants to know whether it should apply this rule if you’re connected to a domain network, a private network, or a public network. The safest option is to make it only open on your home network.</p>\n"},{"title":"Check the boxes for Private or any other desired network type, and then click Next.","thumb":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"image":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"content":"<p>The wizard asks that you give the rule a name and, optionally, a description.</p>\n"},{"title":"Type a name (usually the name of whatever program required the opening). Click Finish.","thumb":{"src":"//coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/146671.image7.jpg","width":1,"height":1},"image":{"src":"//coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/146670.image6.jpg","width":0,"height":0},"content":"<p>Your new rule appears in the Inbound Rules list. It takes effect immediately.</p>\n"}],"videoInfo":{"videoId":null,"name":null,"accountId":null,"playerId":null,"thumbnailUrl":null,"description":null,"uploadDate":null}},"sponsorship":{"sponsorshipPage":false,"backgroundImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"brandingLine":"","brandingLink":"","brandingLogo":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"sponsorAd":"","sponsorEbookTitle":"","sponsorEbookLink":"","sponsorEbookImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0}},"primaryLearningPath":"Solve","lifeExpectancy":"Two years","lifeExpectancySetFrom":"2023-08-02T00:00:00+00:00","dummiesForKids":"no","sponsoredContent":"no","adInfo":"","adPairKey":[]},"status":"publish","visibility":"public","articleId":206351},{"headers":{"creationTime":"2019-08-30T15:42:36+00:00","modifiedTime":"2023-07-15T15:58:26+00:00","timestamp":"2023-09-14T18:19:45+00:00"},"data":{"breadcrumbs":[{"name":"Technology","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33512"},"slug":"technology","categoryId":33512},{"name":"Computers","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33513"},"slug":"computers","categoryId":33513},{"name":"Operating Systems","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33524"},"slug":"operating-systems","categoryId":33524},{"name":"Windows","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33532"},"slug":"windows","categoryId":33532},{"name":"Windows 10","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33535"},"slug":"windows-10","categoryId":33535}],"title":"Public Files in Windows 10: Using the Public Folder","strippedTitle":"public files in windows 10: using the public folder","slug":"public-files-in-windows-10-using-the-public-folder","canonicalUrl":"","查找领头羊系统seo":{"metaDescription":"You might think that simply moving a file or folder to the \\Public folder in Windows 10 would make it, well, public. At least to a first approximation, that’s e","noIndex":0,"noFollow":0},"content":"You might think that simply moving a file or folder to the \\Public folder in Windows 10 would make it, well, public. At least to a first approximation, that’s exactly how things work. But, there’s a little more to making files “public” in Windows 10.\r\n\r\nAny file or folder you put in the Windows 10 \\Public folder, or any folder inside the \\Public folder, can be viewed, changed, or deleted by all the people who are using your computer, regardless of which kind of account they may have and whether they’re required to log in to your computer. In addition, anybody who can get into your <a href=\"//coursofppt.com/article/technology/computers/operating-systems/windows/windows-10/how-to-enable-network-discovery-and-configure-sharing-options-in-windows-10-140265/\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\">Windows 10 computer through the network</a> will have unlimited access. The \\Public folder is (if you’ll pardon a rather stretched analogy) a big cookie jar, open to everybody who is in the kitchen.\r\n\r\n(For more details, and important information about Public networks and big-company domains, check out <em><a href=\"//coursofppt.com/computers/computer-networking/networking-one-dummies-7th-edition/\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\">Networking All-in-One For Dummies, 7th Edition</a></em>, by Doug Lowe [Wiley].)\r\n<p class=\"article-tips tip\">Follow these easy steps to move a file or folder from one of the built-in personal folders (Desktop, Documents, Downloads, Music, Pictures, or Videos) into its corresponding location in one of the \\Public folders:</p>\r\n\r\n<ol>\r\n \t<li>Tap or click the <a href=\"//coursofppt.com/computers/operating-systems/windows-10/navigating-in-windows-10-file-explorer/\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\">File Explorer</a> icon in the taskbar.</li>\r\n \t<li>Navigate to the file or folder that you want to move into the \\Public folder. \r\n\r\nHere, the Quick Access Pictures folder was double-clicked to get to Pictures.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_255228\" align=\"aligncenter\" width=\"535\"]<img class=\"wp-image-255228 size-full\" src=\"//coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/windows10-public-folder.jpg\" alt=\"Windows 10 public folder\" width=\"535\" height=\"371\" /> Moving a folder to the \\Public folder is easy, if you know the trick.[/caption]</li>\r\n \t<li>Right-click the folder or file you want to move in Windows 10, and choose Cut. \r\n\r\nIn this case, the user wanted to move the Thailand folder, so the user cut it.</li>\r\n \t<li>Navigate to the \\Public folder where you want to move the folder or file.This is more difficult than you might think. In general, on the left of <a href=\"//coursofppt.com/computers/operating-systems/windows-10/how-to-access-the-options-in-windows-10-file-explorer-tabs/\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\">File Explorer</a>, double-click This PC (scroll down on your Windows 10 computer if necessary to see it), then scroll way down and double-click or tap Local Disk (C:). Then double-click Users, then Public. You see the list of Public folders.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_255229\" align=\"aligncenter\" width=\"535\"]<img class=\"wp-image-255229 size-full\" src=\"//coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/windows10-public-files.jpg\" alt=\"Windows 10 public files\" width=\"535\" height=\"371\" /> Your \\Public folders live here.[/caption]</li>\r\n \t<li>Double-click the \\Public folder you want to use. Then right-click inside the folder, and choose Paste.In this case, the user double-clicked Public Pictures and pasted the Thailand folder into the Public Pictures folder. From that point on, the photos are available to anybody who uses the Windows 10 computer and to people who connect to that computer. (It may also be available to other computers connected to your network, workgroup, or domain, depending on various network settings.)</li>\r\n</ol>","description":"You might think that simply moving a file or folder to the \\Public folder in Windows 10 would make it, well, public. At least to a first approximation, that’s exactly how things work. But, there’s a little more to making files “public” in Windows 10.\r\n\r\nAny file or folder you put in the Windows 10 \\Public folder, or any folder inside the \\Public folder, can be viewed, changed, or deleted by all the people who are using your computer, regardless of which kind of account they may have and whether they’re required to log in to your computer. In addition, anybody who can get into your <a href=\"//coursofppt.com/article/technology/computers/operating-systems/windows/windows-10/how-to-enable-network-discovery-and-configure-sharing-options-in-windows-10-140265/\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\">Windows 10 computer through the network</a> will have unlimited access. The \\Public folder is (if you’ll pardon a rather stretched analogy) a big cookie jar, open to everybody who is in the kitchen.\r\n\r\n(For more details, and important information about Public networks and big-company domains, check out <em><a href=\"//coursofppt.com/computers/computer-networking/networking-one-dummies-7th-edition/\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\">Networking All-in-One For Dummies, 7th Edition</a></em>, by Doug Lowe [Wiley].)\r\n<p class=\"article-tips tip\">Follow these easy steps to move a file or folder from one of the built-in personal folders (Desktop, Documents, Downloads, Music, Pictures, or Videos) into its corresponding location in one of the \\Public folders:</p>\r\n\r\n<ol>\r\n \t<li>Tap or click the <a href=\"//coursofppt.com/computers/operating-systems/windows-10/navigating-in-windows-10-file-explorer/\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\">File Explorer</a> icon in the taskbar.</li>\r\n \t<li>Navigate to the file or folder that you want to move into the \\Public folder. \r\n\r\nHere, the Quick Access Pictures folder was double-clicked to get to Pictures.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_255228\" align=\"aligncenter\" width=\"535\"]<img class=\"wp-image-255228 size-full\" src=\"//coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/windows10-public-folder.jpg\" alt=\"Windows 10 public folder\" width=\"535\" height=\"371\" /> Moving a folder to the \\Public folder is easy, if you know the trick.[/caption]</li>\r\n \t<li>Right-click the folder or file you want to move in Windows 10, and choose Cut. \r\n\r\nIn this case, the user wanted to move the Thailand folder, so the user cut it.</li>\r\n \t<li>Navigate to the \\Public folder where you want to move the folder or file.This is more difficult than you might think. In general, on the left of <a href=\"//coursofppt.com/computers/operating-systems/windows-10/how-to-access-the-options-in-windows-10-file-explorer-tabs/\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\">File Explorer</a>, double-click This PC (scroll down on your Windows 10 computer if necessary to see it), then scroll way down and double-click or tap Local Disk (C:). Then double-click Users, then Public. You see the list of Public folders.\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_255229\" align=\"aligncenter\" width=\"535\"]<img class=\"wp-image-255229 size-full\" src=\"//coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/windows10-public-files.jpg\" alt=\"Windows 10 public files\" width=\"535\" height=\"371\" /> Your \\Public folders live here.[/caption]</li>\r\n \t<li>Double-click the \\Public folder you want to use. Then right-click inside the folder, and choose Paste.In this case, the user double-clicked Public Pictures and pasted the Thailand folder into the Public Pictures folder. From that point on, the photos are available to anybody who uses the Windows 10 computer and to people who connect to that computer. (It may also be available to other computers connected to your network, workgroup, or domain, depending on various network settings.)</li>\r\n</ol>","blurb":"","authors":[{"authorId":9068,"name":"Woody Leonhard","slug":"woody-leonhard","description":" <b>Woody Leonhard</b> is a bestselling author and has been a Microsoft beta tester since Word for Windows 1.1. He covers Windows and Office topics on his popular Web site, AskWoody.com.","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/9068"}}],"primaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":33535,"title":"Windows 10","slug":"windows-10","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33535"}},"secondaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"tertiaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"trendingArticles":null,"inThisArticle":[],"relatedArticles":{"fromBook":[{"articleId":255325,"title":"How to Stay Informed about Cyber Attacks","slug":"how-to-stay-informed-about-cyber-attacks","categoryList":["technology","computers","operating-systems","windows","windows-10"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/255325"}},{"articleId":255322,"title":"0day Exploits in Windows 10","slug":"0day-exploits-in-windows-10","categoryList":["technology","computers","operating-systems","windows","windows-10"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/255322"}},{"articleId":255311,"title":"Windows 10 Pro: How to Block Updates","slug":"windows-10-pro-how-to-block-updates","categoryList":["technology","computers","operating-systems","windows","windows-10"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/255311"}},{"articleId":255308,"title":"The Case for Turning Off Auto Updates in Windows 10","slug":"the-case-for-turning-off-auto-updates-in-windows-10","categoryList":["technology","computers","operating-systems","windows","windows-10"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/255308"}},{"articleId":255303,"title":"How to Block Ransomware in Windows 10 with Controlled Folder Access","slug":"how-to-block-ransomware-in-windows-10-with-controlled-folder-access","categoryList":["technology","computers","operating-systems","windows","windows-10"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/255303"}}],"fromCategory":[{"articleId":285564,"title":"How to Use Android and iPhone Devices with Windows 10","slug":"how-to-use-android-and-iphone-devices-with-windows-10","categoryList":["technology","computers","operating-systems","windows","windows-10"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/285564"}},{"articleId":285540,"title":"How to Work Remotely with Windows 10","slug":"how-to-work-remotely-with-windows-10","categoryList":["technology","computers","operating-systems","windows","windows-10"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/285540"}},{"articleId":283486,"title":"Your Laptop and Windows","slug":"your-laptop-and-windows","categoryList":["technology","computers","operating-systems","windows","windows-10"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/283486"}},{"articleId":272866,"title":"How to Create Microsoft and Local Accounts in Windows 10","slug":"how-to-create-microsoft-and-local-accounts-in-windows-10","categoryList":["technology","computers","operating-systems","windows","windows-10"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/272866"}},{"articleId":272856,"title":"How to Open Windows 10 Apps","slug":"how-to-open-windows-10-apps","categoryList":["technology","computers","operating-systems","windows","windows-10"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/272856"}}]},"hasRelatedBookFromSearch":false,"relatedBook":{"bookId":281899,"slug":"windows-10-all-in-one-for-dummies-3rd-edition","isbn":"9781119484806","categoryList":["technology","computers","operating-systems","windows","windows-10"],"amazon":{"default":"//www.amazon.com/gp/product/1119484804/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","ca":"//www.amazon.ca/gp/product/1119484804/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","indigo_ca":"//www.tkqlhce.com/click-9208661-13710633?url=//www.chapters.indigo.ca/en-ca/books/product/1119484804-item.html&cjsku=978111945484","gb":"//www.amazon.co.uk/gp/product/1119484804/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","de":"//www.amazon.de/gp/product/1119484804/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20"},"image":{"src":"//coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/windows-10-all-in-one-for-dummies-3rd-edition-cover-9781119484806-203x255.jpg","width":203,"height":255},"title":"Windows 10 All-in-One For Dummies, 3rd Edition","testBankPinActivationLink":"","bookOutOfPrint":true,"authorsInfo":"<p><b><b data-author-id=\"9068\">Woody Leonhard</b></b> is a bestselling author and has been a Microsoft beta tester since Word for Windows 1.1. He covers Windows and Office topics on his popular Web site, AskWoody.com.</p>","authors":[{"authorId":9068,"name":"Woody Leonhard","slug":"woody-leonhard","description":" <b>Woody Leonhard</b> is a bestselling author and has been a Microsoft beta tester since Word for Windows 1.1. 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years","lifeExpectancySetFrom":"2023-07-15T00:00:00+00:00","dummiesForKids":"no","sponsoredContent":"no","adInfo":"","adPairKey":[]},"status":"publish","visibility":"public","articleId":255223},{"headers":{"creationTime":"2017-03-27T16:58:07+00:00","modifiedTime":"2023-04-25T21:10:07+00:00","timestamp":"2023-09-14T18:19:40+00:00"},"data":{"breadcrumbs":[{"name":"Technology","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33512"},"slug":"technology","categoryId":33512},{"name":"Computers","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33513"},"slug":"computers","categoryId":33513},{"name":"Operating Systems","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33524"},"slug":"operating-systems","categoryId":33524},{"name":"Linux","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33526"},"slug":"linux","categoryId":33526}],"title":"Ubuntu Linux For Dummies Cheat Sheet","strippedTitle":"ubuntu linux for dummies cheat sheet","slug":"ubuntu-linux-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","canonicalUrl":"","查找领头羊系统seo":{"metaDescription":"To get Ubuntu Linux running, get help in the Boot Prompt Function Keys section and take advantage of the straightforward, helpful commands.","noIndex":0,"noFollow":0},"content":"To get Ubuntu Linux up and running, get help provided in the Boot Prompt Function Keys section and take advantage of the straightforward, helpful commands.","description":"To get Ubuntu Linux up and running, get help provided in the Boot Prompt Function Keys section and take advantage of the straightforward, helpful 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Linux","slug":"the-boot-prompt-function-keys-in-ubuntu-linux","categoryList":["technology","computers","operating-systems","linux"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/195056"}},{"articleId":195041,"title":"Useful Commands in Ubuntu Linux","slug":"useful-commands-in-ubuntu-linux","categoryList":["technology","computers","operating-systems","linux"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/195041"}}],"content":[{"title":"The boot prompt function keys in Ubuntu Linux","thumb":null,"image":null,"content":"<p>You can choose from several options to control the startup process when booting from the Ubuntu CD-ROM. When you see the Ubuntu startup menu (the first menu option is Start or install Ubuntu) you have the option to select an alternative.</p>\n<p>The following lists provide a summary of those codes.</p>\n<h2>    Using the F1 Help Menu</h2>\n<p>Press the F1 function key and the Welcome to Ubuntu help menu opens. You can then press the following function keys to get specific information.</p>\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>F1</b> The main F1 menu</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>F2</b>: Minimum hardware requirements</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>F3:</b> Several methods you can use to start Ubuntu.</p>\n<p class=\"child-para\">For instance, you can turn off power-saving mode if you&#8217;re having problems getting Ubuntu to boot and suspect that option is causing the problem.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>F4: </b>Additional boot methods.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>F5: </b>Special boot parameters overview (why you might use boot parameters and where to find them)</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>F6</b>: Hardware specific special boot parameters (examples of boot parameters for specific devices)</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>F7:</b> More hardware specific special boot parameters (more examples of boot parameters you might use for specific devices)</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>F8:</b> Debugging oriented special boot parameters.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>F9</b>: Describes how you can get help from Ubuntu.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Esc</b>: Exits the Help menu</p>\n</li>\n</ul>\n<h2>    F2 Language Menu</h2>\n<p>Pressing the F2 function key opens an extensive language support menu. Use the Up and Down cursor keys to navigate the menu and select a language.</p>\n<h2>    F3 Key Map Menu</h2>\n<p>Pressing the F3 function key opens an extensive keyboard support menu. Use the Up and Down cursor keys to navigate the menu and select the mapping that matches you keyboard.</p>\n<h2>    F4 VGA Menu</h2>\n<p>If you&#8217;re not satisfied with your computer screen&#8217;s resolution, press the F4 function key. A menu displays a selection of screen resolutions. Use the Up and Down cursor keys to select a resolution from the menu.</p>\n<h2>    F5 Accessibility Menu</h2>\n<p>This menu provides options to help access your computer for those who need extra help. Use the Up and Down cursor keys to select a assistant option. For instance, select the High Contrast option if you need a brighter screen.</p>\n<h2>    F6 Others Menu</h2>\n<p>This menu opens a one-line text editor showing the Ubuntu kernel boot options. You can modify any options that are</p>\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\">Fed to the Linux kernel</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\">Used by the kernel to start your Ubuntu computer</p>\n</li>\n</ul>\n<h2>    Getting a Virtual Terminal</h2>\n<p>Linux provides six virtual consoles (text-based command-line interfaces). Simultaneously, pressing the Control (Ctrl) and Alternate (Alt) keys with any of the functions keys from F1 through F6. For example, press Ctrl-Alt-F1.</p>\n<p>Return to the graphics screen by pressing Ctrl-Alt-F7.</p>\n"},{"title":"Useful commands in Ubuntu Linux","thumb":null,"image":null,"content":"<p>This list provides some simple command line examples. To open a terminal emulator window, click the Gnome Applications menu and select Accessories → Terminal, then, use these commands:</p>\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>clear </b>Clears the current screen of all text.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>ls </b>Lists the current directory.</p>\n<p class=\"child-para\">It&#8217;s like the MS-DOS <span class=\"code\">dir</span> command.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>ls <i>dir</i></b><i> </i>Lists the specified directory.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>cat <i>file</i><i> </i></b>Concatenates (adds) the contents of the file to your screen.</p>\n<p class=\"child-para\">It&#8217;s like the MS-DOS <span class=\"code\">type</span> command.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>more <i>file</i><i> </i></b>Displays the file one page at a time.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>tail <i>file</i><i> </i></b>Displays the file one page at a time from the end of the file.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>pwd </b>Shows name of the current directory.</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>cd <i>dir</i><i> </i></b>Changes to the specified directory.</p>\n<p class=\"child-para\">It&#8217;s like the MS-DOS <span class=\"code\">chdir</span> command.</p>\n</li>\n</ul>\n"}],"videoInfo":{"videoId":null,"name":null,"accountId":null,"playerId":null,"thumbnailUrl":null,"description":null,"uploadDate":null}},"sponsorship":{"sponsorshipPage":false,"backgroundImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"brandingLine":"","brandingLink":"","brandingLogo":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"sponsorAd":"","sponsorEbookTitle":"","sponsorEbookLink":"","sponsorEbookImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0}},"primaryLearningPath":"Advance","lifeExpectancy":"One year","lifeExpectancySetFrom":"2023-04-25T00:00:00+00:00","dummiesForKids":"no","sponsoredContent":"no","adInfo":"","adPairKey":[]},"status":"publish","visibility":"public","articleId":209386},{"headers":{"creationTime":"2017-03-27T16:46:58+00:00","modifiedTime":"2023-04-05T16:00:47+00:00","timestamp":"2023-09-14T18:19:33+00:00"},"data":{"breadcrumbs":[{"name":"Technology","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33512"},"slug":"technology","categoryId":33512},{"name":"Computers","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33513"},"slug":"computers","categoryId":33513},{"name":"Operating Systems","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33524"},"slug":"operating-systems","categoryId":33524},{"name":"Windows","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33532"},"slug":"windows","categoryId":33532},{"name":"Windows 10","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33535"},"slug":"windows-10","categoryId":33535}],"title":"Windows 10 At Work For Dummies Cheat Sheet","strippedTitle":"windows 10 at work for dummies cheat sheet","slug":"windows-10-at-work-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","canonicalUrl":"","查找领头羊系统seo":{"metaDescription":"Read up on shortcuts and tips for using the keyboard, mouse, and Ribbon to get fast access to Windows 10 commands.","noIndex":0,"noFollow":0},"content":"Windows 10 comes jam-packed with features. Here are shortcuts and tips for using the keyboard, mouse, and Ribbon to get fast access to the most commonly used commands. You'll be commanding Windows 10 in no time!","description":"Windows 10 comes jam-packed with features. Here are shortcuts and tips for using the keyboard, mouse, and Ribbon to get fast access to the most commonly used commands. You'll be commanding Windows 10 in no time!","blurb":"","authors":[{"authorId":9053,"name":"Ciprian Adrian Rusen","slug":"ciprian-adrian-rusen","description":" <p><b>Ciprian Adrian Rusen</b> is a Microsoft MVP and Windows expert. His 7tutorials.com blog has more than 1.3 million monthly readers who look to him for insight into technology in general and Windows in particular. 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","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/9053"}}],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/books/"}},"collections":[],"articleAds":{"footerAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;technology&quot;,&quot;computers&quot;,&quot;operating-systems&quot;,&quot;windows&quot;,&quot;windows-10&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9781119051855&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-63221b35f3324\"></div></div>","rightAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_right_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_right_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;technology&quot;,&quot;computers&quot;,&quot;operating-systems&quot;,&quot;windows&quot;,&quot;windows-10&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9781119051855&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-63221b35f3c05\"></div></div>"},"articleType":{"articleType":"Cheat Sheet","articleList":[{"articleId":141117,"title":"5 Big Changes in Windows 10","slug":"5-big-changes-in-windows-10","categoryList":["technology","computers","operating-systems","windows","windows-10"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/141117"}},{"articleId":141111,"title":"Windows 10 Keyboard Shortcuts","slug":"windows-10-keyboard-shortcuts","categoryList":["technology","computers","operating-systems","windows","windows-10"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/141111"}},{"articleId":141110,"title":"Windows 10 Mouse Button Functions","slug":"windows-10-mouse-button-functions","categoryList":["technology","computers","operating-systems","windows","windows-10"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/141110"}},{"articleId":141124,"title":"Windows 10 Touch Commands","slug":"windows-10-touch-commands","categoryList":["technology","computers","operating-systems","windows","windows-10"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/141124"}},{"articleId":141112,"title":"PC Requirements for Windows 10","slug":"pc-requirements-for-windows-10","categoryList":["technology","computers","operating-systems","windows","windows-10"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/141112"}},{"articleId":141113,"title":"File Explorer Ribbon Tabs in Windows 10","slug":"file-explorer-ribbon-tabs-in-windows-10","categoryList":["technology","computers","operating-systems","windows","windows-10"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/141113"}}],"content":[{"title":"5 big changes in Windows 10","thumb":null,"image":null,"content":"<p>Windows 10 brings many changes to the Windows world. Basically, it takes the best parts of Windows 7 and Windows 8.1 and combines them into one operating system. And there are new features as well, which you&#8217;ll want to find out how to use. Here are some of the biggest changes and improvements in Windows 10.</p>\n<table>\n<tbody>\n<tr>\n<th>Feature</th>\n<th>Description</th>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td><b>Start Menu</b></td>\n<td>The Start Menu is back in a form that mixes the Start Menu from<br />\nWindows 7 with the Start screen from Windows 8.1. You can pin both<br />\nshortcuts and live tiles to the Start Menu.</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td><b>Cortana</b></td>\n<td>Microsoft&#8217;s digital assistant from Windows Phone makes the jump<br />\nto PCs with Windows 10. Cortana can help you find all sorts of<br />\nonline information via natural language questions you ask using<br />\ntext or voice commands.</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td><b>Notifications Center</b></td>\n<td>Notifications with pop-ups reminding you of all sorts of<br />\nthings. They are centralized into a very useful Notifications<br />\nCenter.</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td><b>Virtual desktops</b></td>\n<td>In Windows 10 you can work with as many desktops as you wish,<br />\nswitch apps between them with ease, and so on.</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td><b>Continuum</b></td>\n<td>If you use a hybrid or 2-in-1 device like the Microsoft Surface<br />\nPro 3, you can dynamically switch the interface between the<br />\nPC-friendly desktop environment and a full-screen tablet mode<br />\nthat&#8217;s suited for touch.</td>\n</tr>\n</tbody>\n</table>\n"},{"title":"Windows 10 keyboard shortcuts","thumb":null,"image":null,"content":"<p>Windows 10 provides hundreds of commands, but you&#8217;ll likely use only a handful of those commands on a regular basis. To save time, use these Windows 10 keyboard shortcuts. With little effort, you can open files, find content, edit that content, and more!</p>\n<table>\n<tbody>\n<tr>\n<th><b>Function</b></th>\n<th><b>Keystroke</b></th>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Start Menu</td>\n<td>Windows</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Search</td>\n<td>Windows+S</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Select All</td>\n<td>Ctrl+A</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Copy</td>\n<td>Ctrl+C</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Cut</td>\n<td>Ctrl+X</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Paste</td>\n<td>Ctrl+V</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Undo</td>\n<td>Ctrl+Z</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Redo</td>\n<td>Ctrl+Y</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Help</td>\n<td>F1</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Open</td>\n<td>Ctrl+O</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Print</td>\n<td>Ctrl+P</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Save</td>\n<td>Ctrl+S</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Delete</td>\n<td>Del</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Start File Explorer</td>\n<td>Windows+E</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Open Run</td>\n<td>Windows+R</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Open the WinX menu</td>\n<td>Windows+X</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Project to another screen</td>\n<td>Windows+P</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Switch between opened apps</td>\n<td>Alt+Tab</td>\n</tr>\n</tbody>\n</table>\n"},{"title":"Windows 10 mouse button functions","thumb":null,"image":null,"content":"<p>You can control Windows 10 with your mouse or your keyboard. It&#8217;s the traditional tool for positioning and clicking the cursor on the screen without using touch-sensitive devices.</p>\n<table>\n<tbody>\n<tr>\n<th>Mouse Button Used</th>\n<th>Action</th>\n<th>Purpose</th>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Left mouse button</td>\n<td>Click</td>\n<td>Moves the cursor, selects an object, pulls down a menu, or<br />\nchooses a menu command.</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Left mouse button</td>\n<td>Double-click</td>\n<td>Runs or opens a file.</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Left mouse button</td>\n<td>Drag</td>\n<td>Moves an object, resizes an object, highlights text, and<br />\nhighlights multiple objects.</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Wheel mouse button</td>\n<td>Roll</td>\n<td>Scrolls up and down a window.</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Right mouse button</td>\n<td>Right-click</td>\n<td>Displays a shortcut pop-up menu.</td>\n</tr>\n</tbody>\n</table>\n"},{"title":"Windows 10 touch commands","thumb":null,"image":null,"content":"<p>On tablets and 2-in-1 devices with touchscreens, you have fingertip control of Windows 10 using touch gestures. The following actions control your device with touch commands.</p>\n<table>\n<tbody>\n<tr>\n<th>Action</th>\n<th>Purpose</th>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Tap</td>\n<td>Tap once on an item to open, select, or activate it. This is<br />\nsimilar to left-clicking with a mouse.</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Press and hold</td>\n<td>Press and hold your finger on an item for a second, and Windows<br />\nshows information to help you find out more about the item or opens<br />\na menu specific to what you&#8217;re doing. This is similar to<br />\nright-clicking with a mouse.</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Pinch or stretch</td>\n<td>Touch the screen or an item with two or more fingers and then<br />\nmove the fingers toward each other (pinch) or away from each other<br />\n(stretch) to make Windows visually zoom in and out,<br />\nrespectively.</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Slide</td>\n<td>You can drag your finger on the screen to the left, right, top,<br />\nor bottom to scroll and move through a screen.</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Drag</td>\n<td>To move an item, press and briefly drag it in the direction<br />\nopposite the way the page scrolls; then move the item wherever you<br />\nwant. Release the item after you move it to the new location.</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Swipe</td>\n<td>When you swipe an item with a short, quick movement in the<br />\ndirection opposite the way the page scrolls, you select it, and<br />\ndepending on the app, app commands may appear.</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Swipe from the edge</td>\n<td>When you swipe your finger quickly, without lifting it, from<br />\nthe right side of the screen to the left, the Notifications Center<br />\nopens. If you swipe your finger quickly, without lifting it, from<br />\nthe left side of the screen to the right, a list with all the<br />\ndesktops and apps that are open appear.</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Rotate</td>\n<td>When you put two or more fingers on an item and then turn your<br />\nhand, you rotate the item in the direction you turn your hand.</td>\n</tr>\n</tbody>\n</table>\n"},{"title":"PC requirements for Windows 10","thumb":null,"image":null,"content":"<p>Windows 10 doesn&#8217;t require powerful hardware from the PC it runs on. However, just like any other operating system, it does require a minimum of hardware to run well. Here&#8217;s what a PC needs to run Windows 10 well.</p>\n<table>\n<tbody>\n<tr>\n<th>Part</th>\n<th>Requirements</th>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Processor (CPU)</td>\n<td>1 gigahertz (GHz) or faster processor</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Memory (RAM)</td>\n<td>1 gigabyte (GB) for the 32-bit version of Windows 10 and 2GB<br />\nfor the 64-bit version</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Hard drive free space</td>\n<td>16GB for the 32-bit version of Windows 10 and 20GB for the<br />\n64-bit version</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Graphics card</td>\n<td>With support for DirectX 9 or later</td>\n</tr>\n</tbody>\n</table>\n"},{"title":"File Explorer Ribbon tabs in Windows 10","thumb":null,"image":null,"content":"<p>File Explorer in Windows 10 displays commands in a series of icons stored on different tabs. This combination of icons and tabs is known as the Ribbon interface. The following table shows the commands grouped under each Ribbon tab for File Explorer.</p>\n<p>These tabs are displayed based on context. For example, you always see the File tab on the Ribbon interface, but you see the Network tab only when you access other computers on the network.</p>\n<table>\n<tbody>\n<tr>\n<th>Ribbon Tab Name</th>\n<th>Command Groups</th>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>File</td>\n<td>Opens the File menu with options for opening a new window,<br />\nopening the Command Prompt and PowerShell, changing folder and<br />\nsearch options, accessing Help, and closing File Explorer.</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Home</td>\n<td>You find the Clipboard, Organize, New, Open, and Select<br />\nlists.</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Share</td>\n<td>You find the Send and Share With list.</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Computer</td>\n<td>You find the Location, Network, and System lists.</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Network</td>\n<td>You find the Location, Network, Network and Sharing Center<br />\nlists.</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Homegroup</td>\n<td>You find the Manage list.</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>View</td>\n<td>You find the Panes, Layouts, Current View, Show/Hide, and<br />\nOptions lists.</td>\n</tr>\n</tbody>\n</table>\n"}],"videoInfo":{"videoId":null,"name":null,"accountId":null,"playerId":null,"thumbnailUrl":null,"description":null,"uploadDate":null}},"sponsorship":{"sponsorshipPage":false,"backgroundImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"brandingLine":"","brandingLink":"","brandingLogo":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"sponsorAd":"","sponsorEbookTitle":"","sponsorEbookLink":"","sponsorEbookImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0}},"primaryLearningPath":"Advance","lifeExpectancy":"One 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