chơi xổ số keno trực tuyến

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Here are some basic greetings and farewells to remember.</p>\n<table aria-rowcount=\"5\">\n<tbody>\n<tr aria-rowindex=\"1\">\n<td><b>habari?</b>(hah-bah-ree) (How are you?)</td>\n<td><b>Nzuri </b>(n-zoo-ree) (fine/well)</td>\n</tr>\n<tr aria-rowindex=\"2\">\n<td><b>hujambo? </b>(hoo-jah-mboh) (<i>How are you?</i>)</td>\n<td><b>Sijambo </b>(see-<i>jah</i>-mboh) (<i>I am fine.</i>)</td>\n</tr>\n<tr aria-rowindex=\"3\">\n<td><b>mambo? </b>(<i>mah</i>-mboh) (H<i>ow are things?)</i></td>\n<td><b>Poa </b>(<i>poh</i>-ah) (<i>great</i>)</td>\n</tr>\n<tr aria-rowindex=\"4\">\n<td><b>kwaheri </b>(kwah-<i>heh</i>-ree) (<i>goodbye</i>)</td>\n<td><b>kwaheri </b>(kwah-<i>heh</i>-ree) (<i>goodbye</i>)</td>\n</tr>\n<tr aria-rowindex=\"5\">\n<td><b>baadaye </b>(bah-ah-dah-yeh) (later)</td>\n<td><b>baadaye </b>(bah-ah-dah-yeh) (later)</td>\n</tr>\n</tbody>\n</table>\n"},{"title":"Basic Swahili questions","thumb":null,"image":null,"content":"<p>Asking questions is a great way of showing interest and getting to know someone or a place. Dive straight into conversing with Swahili speakers by asking them questions about themselves and things you want to see. Start by learning the basic question words — what English speakers refer to as the W- words:</p>\n<ul>\n<li><b>nani?</b> (<i>nah</i>-nee) (<i>who?)</i></li>\n<li><b>wapi?</b> (<i>wah</i>-pee) (<i>where?)</i></li>\n<li><b>lini?</b> (<i>lee</i>-nee) (<i>where?)</i></li>\n<li><b>nini?</b> (<i>nee</i>-nee) (<i>what?)</i></li>\n<li><b>gani?</b> (<i>gah</i>-nee) (<i>which?)</i></li>\n</ul>\n<p>With those under your belt, you can start asking questions like the ones that follow:</p>\n<ul>\n<li><b>Jina lako ni nani?</b> (<i>jee</i>-nah <i>lah</i>-koh nee <i>nah</i>-nee) (<i>What is your name?</i>)</li>\n<li><b>Unatoka wapi?</b> (oo-nah-<i>toh</i>-kah <i>wah</i>-pee) (<i>Where are you from</i>?)</li>\n<li><b>Unaishi wapi?</b> (oo-nah-<i>ee</i>-shee <i>wah</i>-pee) (<i>Where do you live?)</i></li>\n<li><b>Unasema lugha gani?</b> (oo-nah-<i>seh</i>-mah <i>loo</i>-gah <i>gah</i>-nee) (<i>Which language(s) do you speak?)</i></li>\n<li><b>Unasoma nini? </b>(oo-nah-<i>soh</i>-mah <i>nee</i>-nee) <i>(What do you study?)</i></li>\n<li><b>Unafanya kazi gani?</b> (oo-nah-<i>fah</i>-nyah <i>kah</i>-zee <i>gah</i>-nee) (<i>What’s your job?)</i></li>\n<li><b>Ni saa ngapi?</b> (nee <i>sah</i>-ah <i>ngah</i>-pee) (<i>What is the time?)</i></li>\n<li><b>Posta iko wapi?</b> (<i>poh</i>-stah <i>ee</i>-koh <i>wah</i>-pee) (<i>Where’s the post office?)</i></li>\n</ul>\n"},{"title":"Swahili numbers","thumb":null,"image":null,"content":"<p>Get ready to state your phone number, exchange money, buy goods, and tell the time by practicing Swahili numbers. Here are some numbers to get you started:</p>\n<table aria-rowcount=\"18\">\n<tbody>\n<tr aria-rowindex=\"1\">\n<td><i>0 </i><b>sufuri </b>(soo-<i>foo</i>-ree)</td>\n<td>18 <b>kumi na nane </b>(<i>koo</i>-mee nah <i>nah</i>-neh)</td>\n</tr>\n<tr aria-rowindex=\"2\">\n<td>1 <b>moja </b>(<i>moh</i>-jah)</td>\n<td>19 <b>kumi na tisa </b>(<i>koo</i>-mee nah <i>tee</i>-sah)</td>\n</tr>\n<tr aria-rowindex=\"3\">\n<td>2 <b>mbili </b>(<i>mbee</i>-lee)</td>\n<td>20 <b>ishirini </b>(ee-shee-<i>ree</i>-nee)</td>\n</tr>\n<tr aria-rowindex=\"4\">\n<td>3 <b>tatu </b>(<i>tah</i>-too)</td>\n<td>21 <b>ishirini na moja</b>(ee-shee-<i>ree</i>-nee nah <i>moh</i>-jah)</td>\n</tr>\n<tr aria-rowindex=\"5\">\n<td>4 <b>nne </b>(<i>n</i>-neh)</td>\n<td>22 <b>ishirini na mbili </b>(ee-shee-<i>ree</i>-nee nah m-<i>bee</i>-lee)</td>\n</tr>\n<tr aria-rowindex=\"6\">\n<td>5 <b>tano </b>(<i>tah</i>-no)</td>\n<td></td>\n</tr>\n<tr aria-rowindex=\"7\">\n<td>6<b> sita</b> (<i>see</i>-tah)</td>\n<td>30 <b>thelathini</b> (theh-lah-<i>thee</i>-nee)</td>\n</tr>\n<tr aria-rowindex=\"8\">\n<td>7 <b>saba </b>(<i>sah</i>-bah)</td>\n<td>40 <b>arobaini </b>(ah-roh-bah-<i>ee</i>-nee)</td>\n</tr>\n<tr aria-rowindex=\"9\">\n<td>8 <b>nane </b>(<i>na</i>-neh)</td>\n<td>50 <b>hamsini </b>(ham-<i>see</i>-nee)</td>\n</tr>\n<tr aria-rowindex=\"10\">\n<td>9 <b>tisa </b>(<i>tee</i>-sah)</td>\n<td>60 <b>sitini</b> (see-<i>tee</i>-nee)</td>\n</tr>\n<tr aria-rowindex=\"11\">\n<td>10 <b>kumi </b>(<i>koo</i>-mee)</td>\n<td>70 <b>sabini</b> (sah-<i>bee</i>-nee)</td>\n</tr>\n<tr aria-rowindex=\"12\">\n<td>11 <b>kumi na moja </b>(<i>koo</i>-mee nah <i>moh</i>-jah)</td>\n<td>80 <b>themanini</b> (theh-mah-<i>nee</i>-nee)</td>\n</tr>\n<tr aria-rowindex=\"13\">\n<td>12 <b>kumi na mbili </b>(<i>koo</i>-mee nah m-<i>bee</i>-lee)</td>\n<td>90 <b>tisini</b> (tee-<i>see</i>-nee)</td>\n</tr>\n<tr aria-rowindex=\"14\">\n<td>13 <b>kumi na tatu </b>(<i>koo</i>-mee nah ta<i>h</i>-too)</td>\n<td>100 <b>mia moja</b> (<i>mee</i>-ah <i>moh</i>-jah)</td>\n</tr>\n<tr aria-rowindex=\"15\">\n<td>14 <b>kumi na nne </b>(<i>koo</i>-mee nah <i>n</i>-neh)</td>\n<td>1000 <b>elfu moja</b> <i>(ehl</i>-foo <i>moh</i>-jah)</td>\n</tr>\n<tr aria-rowindex=\"16\">\n<td>15 <b>kumi na tano </b>(<i>koo</i>-mee nah <i>tah</i>-jah)</td>\n<td>10,000 <b>elfu kumi</b> (<i>ehl</i>-foo <i>koo</i>-mee)</td>\n</tr>\n<tr aria-rowindex=\"17\">\n<td>16 <b>kumi na sita </b>(<i>koo</i>-mee nah <i>see</i>-tah)</td>\n<td>100,000 <b>laki moja</b> (<i>lah</i>-kee <i>moh</i>-jah)</td>\n</tr>\n<tr aria-rowindex=\"18\">\n<td>17 <b>kumi na saba </b>(<i>koo</i>-mee nah <i>sah</i>-bah)</td>\n<td>1,000,000 <b>milioni moja</b> (mee-lee-<i>oh-</i>nee <i>moh</i>-jah)</td>\n</tr>\n</tbody>\n</table>\n"},{"title":"The Swahili calendar ","thumb":null,"image":null,"content":"<p>To make sure you don’t miss any of your crucial appointments, be sure to learn the basics of the Swahili calendar. Here are the Swahili days of the week as well as the months of the year to help you.</p>\n<h3>Weekdays</h3>\n<ul>\n<li><b>Jumamosi</b> (joo-mah-<i>moh</i>-see) (<i>Saturday)</i></li>\n<li><b>Jumapili </b>(joo-mah-<i>pee</i>-lee) (<i>Sunday)</i></li>\n<li><b>Jumatatu</b> (joo-mah-<i>tah</i>-too) (<i>Monday)</i></li>\n<li><b>Jumanne</b> (joo-mah-<i>n</i>-neh) (<i>Tuesday</i></li>\n<li><b>Jumatano</b> (joo-mah-<i>tah</i>-noh) (<i>Wednesday</i></li>\n<li><b>Alhamisi</b> (al-hah-<i>mee</i>-see) (<i>Thursday)</i></li>\n<li><b>Ijumaa</b> (ee-joo-<i>mah</i>-ah) (<i>Friday)</i></li>\n</ul>\n<h3>Months</h3>\n<ul>\n<li><b>mwezi wa kwanza</b> (m-<i>weh</i>-zee wah kwah-<i>n</i>-zah) (<i>January)</i></li>\n<li><b>mwezi wa pili</b> (m-<i>weh</i>-zee wah <i>pee</i>-lee) (<i>February)</i></li>\n<li><b>mwezi wa tatu</b> (m-<i>weh</i>-zee wah <i>tah</i>-too) (<i>March)</i></li>\n<li><b>mwezi wa nne</b> (m-<i>weh</i>-zee wah <i>n</i>-neh) (<i>April)</i></li>\n<li><b>mwezi wa tano</b> (m-<i>weh</i>-zee wah <i>tah</i>-noh) (<i>May)</i></li>\n<li><b>mwezi wa sita</b> (m-<i>weh</i>-zee wah <i>see</i>-ta) (<i>June)</i></li>\n<li><b>mwezi wa saba</b> (m-<i>weh</i>-zee wah <i>sah</i>-bah) (<i>July)</i></li>\n<li><b>mwezi wa nane</b> (m-<i>weh</i>-zee wah<i> nah</i>-neh) (<i>August)</i></li>\n<li><b>mwezi wa tisa</b> (m-<i>weh</i>-zee wah <i>tee</i>-sa) (<i>September)</i></li>\n<li><b>mwezi wa kumi</b> (m-<i>weh</i>-zee wah <i>koo</i>-mee) (<i>October)</i></li>\n<li><b>mwezi wa kumi na moja</b> (m-<i>weh</i>-zee wah<i> koo</i>-mee nah <i>moh</i>-jah) (<i>November)</i></li>\n<li><b>mwezi wa kumi na mbili</b> (m-<i>weh</i>-zee wah <i>koo</i>-mee nah m-<i>bee</i>-lee) (<i>December)</i></li>\n</ul>\n"}],"videoInfo":{"videoId":null,"name":null,"accountId":null,"playerId":null,"thumbnailUrl":null,"description":null,"uploadDate":null}},"sponsorship":{"sponsorshipPage":false,"backgroundImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"brandingLine":"","brandingLink":"","brandingLogo":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"sponsorAd":"","sponsorEbookTitle":"","sponsorEbookLink":"","sponsorEbookImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0}},"primaryLearningPath":"Advance","lifeExpectancy":"Five years","lifeExpectancySetFrom":"2024-12-01T00:00:00+00:00","dummiesForKids":"no","sponsoredContent":"no","adInfo":"","adPairKey":[]},"status":"publish","visibility":"public","articleId":301262},{"headers":{"creationTime":"2023-12-08T22:44:52+00:00","modifiedTime":"2024-11-02T14:12:55+00:00","timestamp":"2024-11-02T15:01:12+00:00"},"data":{"breadcrumbs":[{"name":"Academics & The Arts","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33662"},"slug":"academics-the-arts","categoryId":33662},{"name":"Language & Language Arts","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33687"},"slug":"language-language-arts","categoryId":33687},{"name":"Learning Languages","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33689"},"slug":"learning-languages","categoryId":33689},{"name":"Italian","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33698"},"slug":"italian","categoryId":33698}],"title":"Italian Workbook For Dummies Cheat Sheet","strippedTitle":"italian workbook for dummies cheat sheet","slug":"italian-workbook-for-dummies-cheat","canonicalUrl":"","检字段擎整合":{"metaDescription":"This Cheat Sheet will come in handy as you're learning Italian. It provides a quick reference for tenses, articles, pronouns, and more.","noIndex":0,"noFollow":0},"content":"As you're studying Italian, either on your own or in a course, keep this Cheat Sheet handy for a quick reference on articles, personal pronouns, tenses, and more.","description":"As you're studying Italian, either on your own or in a course, keep this Cheat Sheet handy for a quick reference on articles, personal pronouns, tenses, and more.","blurb":"","authors":[{"authorId":9663,"name":"Teresa L. Picarazzi","slug":"teresa-l-picarazzi","description":" <p><b>Teresa Picarazzi, PhD,</b> has taught Italian language, literature, and cinema for more than 30 years. She now teaches Italian at The Hopkins School in New Haven. She has lived, studied, and worked in Florence, Siena, Urbino, Cortona, and Ravenna, Italy. She has written books and several articles on Italian politics and culture. ","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/9663"}}],"primaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":33698,"title":"Italian","slug":"italian","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33698"}},"secondaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"tertiaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"trendingArticles":null,"inThisArticle":[],"relatedArticles":{"fromBook":[],"fromCategory":[{"articleId":208553,"title":"Italian For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"italian-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","italian"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/208553"}},{"articleId":207900,"title":"Italian Grammar For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"italian-grammar-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","italian"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/207900"}},{"articleId":207893,"title":"Italian All-in-One For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"italian-all-in-one-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","italian"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/207893"}},{"articleId":200932,"title":"Picking Up Italian Quickly","slug":"picking-up-italian-quickly","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","italian"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/200932"}},{"articleId":200457,"title":"Discussing Your Job in Italian","slug":"discussing-your-job-in-italian","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","italian"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/200457"}}]},"hasRelatedBookFromSearch":false,"relatedBook":{"bookId":296160,"slug":"italian-workbook-for-dummies","isbn":"9781119986706","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","italian"],"amazon":{"default":"//www.amazon.com/gp/product/1119986702/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","ca":"//www.amazon.ca/gp/product/1119986702/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","indigo_ca":"//www.tkqlhce.com/click-9208661-13710633?url=//www.chapters.indigo.ca/en-ca/books/product/1119986702-item.html&cjsku=978111945484","gb":"//www.amazon.co.uk/gp/product/1119986702/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","de":"//www.amazon.de/gp/product/1119986702/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20"},"image":{"src":"//coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/italian-workbook-for-dummies-cover-9781119986706-204x255.jpg","width":204,"height":255},"title":"Italian Workbook For Dummies","testBankPinActivationLink":"","bookOutOfPrint":true,"authorsInfo":"","authors":[{"authorId":34784,"name":"","slug":"","description":" <p><b>The National Gardening Association </b>is the leading garden-based educational organization in the United States. Visit http//:garden.org.</p> <p><b>Charlie Nardozzi</b> is a nationally recognized garden writer, radio and TV show host, consultant, and speaker. Charlie delights in making gardening information simple, easy, fun, and accessible to everyone.</p> ","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/34784"}},{"authorId":9663,"name":"Teresa L. Picarazzi","slug":"teresa-l-picarazzi","description":" <p><b>Teresa Picarazzi, PhD,</b> has taught Italian language, literature, and cinema for more than 30 years. She now teaches Italian at The Hopkins School in New Haven. She has lived, studied, and worked in Florence, Siena, Urbino, Cortona, and Ravenna, Italy. She has written books and several articles on Italian politics and culture. ","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/9663"}}],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/books/"}},"collections":[],"articleAds":{"footerAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;academics-the-arts&quot;,&quot;language-language-arts&quot;,&quot;learning-languages&quot;,&quot;italian&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9781119986706&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-6543b9b92e5ad\"></div></div>","rightAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_right_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_right_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;academics-the-arts&quot;,&quot;language-language-arts&quot;,&quot;learning-languages&quot;,&quot;italian&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9781119986706&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-6543b9b92ed99\"></div></div>"},"articleType":{"articleType":"Cheat Sheet","articleList":[{"articleId":0,"title":"","slug":null,"categoryList":[],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/"}}],"content":[{"title":"Definite and indefinite articles, and the partitive","thumb":null,"image":null,"content":"<p>In Italian, articles vary in gender, number, and spelling. They’re the best predictor of a noun’s gender. The following table outlines the two types of articles and the partitive, and their variations.</p>\n<table>\n<tbody>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"143\"><strong>Gender/Number</strong></td>\n<td width=\"127\"><strong>Definite (the)</strong></td>\n<td width=\"135\"><strong>Indefinite (a, an)</strong></td>\n<td width=\"219\"><strong>Partitive (a little, some, any; [preposition di + definite article])</strong></td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"143\">m sing.</td>\n<td width=\"127\"><strong>il</strong>/<strong>lo</strong>/<strong>l’</strong></td>\n<td width=\"135\"><strong>uno</strong>/<strong>un</strong></td>\n<td width=\"219\"><strong>del</strong>/<strong>dello</strong>/<strong>dell’</strong></td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"143\">f sing.</td>\n<td width=\"127\"><strong>la</strong>/<strong>l’</strong></td>\n<td width=\"135\"><strong>una/un’</strong></td>\n<td width=\"219\"><strong>della</strong>/<strong>dell’</strong></td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"143\">m pl.</td>\n<td width=\"127\"><strong>i</strong>/<strong>gli</strong></td>\n<td width=\"135\"><strong>—</strong></td>\n<td width=\"219\"><strong>dei</strong>/<strong>degli</strong></td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"143\">f pl.</td>\n<td width=\"127\"><strong>le</strong></td>\n<td width=\"135\"><strong>—</strong></td>\n<td width=\"219\"><strong>delle</strong></td>\n</tr>\n</tbody>\n</table>\n"},{"title":"Personal pronouns","thumb":null,"image":null,"content":"<p>Personal pronouns in Italian serve the same purpose as in English. Italian has some pronouns that English doesn’t have, though: stressed and reflexive pronouns.</p>\n<table width=\"678\">\n<tbody>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"120\"><strong>Person</strong></td>\n<td width=\"108\"><strong>Subject</strong></td>\n<td width=\"102\"><strong>Direct Object</strong></td>\n<td width=\"114\"><strong>Indirect Object</strong></td>\n<td width=\"114\"><strong>Stressed</strong></td>\n<td width=\"120\"><strong>Reflexive</strong></td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"120\">1st sing.</td>\n<td width=\"108\"><strong>io</strong></td>\n<td width=\"102\"><strong>mi</strong></td>\n<td width=\"114\"><strong>mi</strong></td>\n<td width=\"114\"><strong>Me</strong></td>\n<td width=\"120\"><strong>mi</strong></td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"120\">2nd sing.</td>\n<td width=\"108\"><strong>tu</strong></td>\n<td width=\"102\"><strong>ti</strong></td>\n<td width=\"114\"><strong>ti</strong></td>\n<td width=\"114\"><strong>Te</strong></td>\n<td width=\"120\"><strong>ti</strong></td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"120\">3rd sing.</td>\n<td width=\"108\"><strong>lui</strong>/<strong>lei</strong>/<strong>Lei</strong></td>\n<td width=\"102\"><strong>lo</strong>/<strong>la</strong>/<strong>la</strong></td>\n<td width=\"114\"><strong>gli</strong>/<strong>le</strong>/<strong>Le</strong></td>\n<td width=\"114\"><strong>lui</strong>/<strong>lei</strong>/<strong>Lei</strong></td>\n<td width=\"120\"><strong>si</strong></td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"120\">1st pl.</td>\n<td width=\"108\"><strong>noi</strong></td>\n<td width=\"102\"><strong>ci</strong></td>\n<td width=\"114\"><strong>ci</strong></td>\n<td width=\"114\"><strong>Noi</strong></td>\n<td width=\"120\"><strong>ci</strong></td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"120\">2nd pl.</td>\n<td width=\"108\"><strong>voi</strong></td>\n<td width=\"102\"><strong>vi</strong></td>\n<td width=\"114\"><strong>vi</strong></td>\n<td width=\"114\"><strong>Voi</strong></td>\n<td width=\"120\"><strong>vi</strong></td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"120\">3rd pl.</td>\n<td width=\"108\"><strong>loro</strong></td>\n<td width=\"102\"><strong>le</strong>/<strong>li</strong></td>\n<td width=\"114\"><strong>gli</strong></td>\n<td width=\"114\"><strong>loro</strong></td>\n<td width=\"120\"><strong>si</strong></td>\n</tr>\n</tbody>\n</table>\n"},{"title":"Simple prepositions","thumb":null,"image":null,"content":"<p>Italian has eight basic prepositions (amongst many), which correspond to the basic prepositions used in English. Remember, though, that although the translations shown here reflect the meanings in each language, the usage sometimes differs between the two languages, depending on context.</p>\n<p>The basic prepositions are as follows; I’ve put a star by the ones that are typically — but not always! — contracted with a definite article:</p>\n<ul>\n<li><strong>di</strong>* (<em>of</em>, <em>about</em>, <em>some</em>, possession)</li>\n<li><strong>a</strong>* (<em>at</em>, <em>to</em>)</li>\n<li><strong>da</strong>* (<em>from</em>, <em>by</em>, <em>at</em>)</li>\n<li><strong>in</strong>* (<em>in</em>, <em>into</em>, <em>to</em>)</li>\n<li><strong>con</strong> (<em>with</em>)</li>\n<li><strong>su</strong>* (<em>on</em>, <em>onto</em>)</li>\n<li><strong>per</strong> (<em>for</em>, <em>through</em>)</li>\n<li><strong>fra</strong>/<strong>tra</strong> (<em>between</em>, <em>among</em>)</li>\n</ul>\n"},{"title":"Tenses in Italian","thumb":null,"image":null,"content":"<p>This section provides you with samples of the tenses included in the book.</p>\n<p><strong>Modo indicativo (indicative mood)</strong></p>\n<table>\n<tbody>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"312\"> <strong>Modo Indicativo (Indicative Mood) Tenses</strong></td>\n<td width=\"312\"><strong>Example Using guardare (to look/to watch)</strong></td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"312\"><strong>presente</strong> (<em>simple present</em>)</td>\n<td width=\"312\"><strong>Io guardo.</strong> (<em>I look/I’m looking/I’m watching/I do watch.</em>)</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"312\"><strong>presente progressivo</strong> (<em>present progressive</em>)</td>\n<td width=\"312\"><strong>Io sto guardando.</strong> (I<em>‘m looking./</em>I’m watching</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"312\"><strong>imperfetto</strong> (<em>imperfect</em>)</td>\n<td width=\"312\"><strong>Io guardavo.</strong> (<em>I looked/I was watching.</em>)</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"312\"><strong>imperfetto progressivo </strong>(<em>past</em>/<em>imperfect progressive</em>)</td>\n<td width=\"312\"><strong>Io stavo guardando. </strong>(<em>I was looking.</em>)</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"312\"><strong>passato prossimo</strong> (<em>present perfect</em>)</td>\n<td width=\"312\"><strong>Io ho guardato.</strong> (<em>I have looked/I did look.</em>)</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"312\"><strong>trapassato prossimo</strong> (<em>past perfect</em>)</td>\n<td width=\"312\"><strong>Io avevo guardato</strong> (<em>I had looked.</em>)</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"312\"><strong>futuro</strong> (<em>future</em>)</td>\n<td width=\"312\"><strong>Io guarderò.</strong> (<em>I will look.</em>); infinitive stem</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"312\"><strong>Future anteriore</strong> (<em>future perfect</em>)</td>\n<td width=\"312\"><strong>avrò</strong><strong> guardato</strong> (<em>I will have looked/watched.</em>)</td>\n</tr>\n</tbody>\n</table>\n<p>&nbsp;</p>\n<p><strong>Modo condizionale (conditional mood): Infinitive Stem + –ei, –esti, –ebbe, –emmo, –este, –ebbero</strong></p>\n<table>\n<tbody>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"312\"><strong>Tense</strong></td>\n<td width=\"312\"><strong>Example Using guardare (to look/watch)</strong></td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"312\"><strong>presente</strong> (<em>present</em>)</td>\n<td width=\"312\"><strong>Io guarderei. </strong>(<em>I would look/watch.</em>)</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"312\"><strong>passato</strong> (<em>past</em>)</td>\n<td width=\"312\"><strong>Io avrei guardato.</strong> (<em>I would have looked.</em>)</td>\n</tr>\n</tbody>\n</table>\n<p>&nbsp;</p>\n<p><strong>Modo imperativo (imperative mood)</strong></p>\n<table>\n<tbody>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"312\"><strong>Subject Pronouns</strong></td>\n<td width=\"312\"><strong>Example Using guardare (to look/to watch)</strong></td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"312\"><strong>Tu</strong></td>\n<td width=\"312\"><strong>Guarda! </strong>(<em>[You] look!</em>)</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"312\"><strong>Lei</strong> (<em>you</em>, formal)</td>\n<td width=\"312\"><strong>Guardi! </strong>(<em>[You] look!</em>)</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"312\"><strong>Noi</strong></td>\n<td width=\"312\"><strong>Guardiamo! </strong>(<em>[We] Let’s look!</em>)</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"312\"><strong>Voi</strong></td>\n<td width=\"312\"><strong>Guardate!</strong> (<em>[You all] look!</em>)</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"312\"><strong>Loro</strong> (plural; <em>you</em>, formal)</td>\n<td width=\"312\"><strong>Guardino! </strong><em>[You] look!</em>)</td>\n</tr>\n</tbody>\n</table>\n<p>&nbsp;</p>\n<p><strong>Modo participio (participle)</strong></p>\n<table>\n<tbody>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"156\"><strong>Infinitive Ending</strong></td>\n<td width=\"160\"><strong>Participle Ending</strong></td>\n<td width=\"140\"><strong>Example Infinitive</strong></td>\n<td width=\"168\"><strong>Example Participle</strong></td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"156\"><strong>­–are</strong></td>\n<td width=\"160\"><strong>–ato</strong></td>\n<td width=\"140\"><strong>guardare</strong> (<em>to watch</em>)</td>\n<td width=\"168\"><strong>guardato</strong> (<em>watched</em>)</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"156\"><strong>–ere</strong></td>\n<td width=\"160\"><strong>–uto</strong></td>\n<td width=\"140\"><strong>ripetere</strong> (<em>to repeat</em>)</td>\n<td width=\"168\"><strong>ripetuto</strong> (<em>repeated</em>)</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"156\"><strong>–ire</strong></td>\n<td width=\"160\"><strong>–ito</strong></td>\n<td width=\"140\"><strong>finire</strong> (<em>to finish</em>/<em>to end</em>)</td>\n<td width=\"168\"><strong>finito</strong> (<em>finished</em>/<em>ended</em>)</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"156\">Irregular</td>\n<td width=\"160\">Irregular</td>\n<td width=\"140\"><strong>dire</strong> (<em>to say</em>/<em>to tell</em>)</td>\n<td width=\"168\"><strong>detto</strong> (<em>said</em>/<em>told</em>)</td>\n</tr>\n</tbody>\n</table>\n<p>&nbsp;</p>\n<p><strong>Modo gerundio (gerund)</strong></p>\n<table>\n<tbody>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"156\"><strong>Infinitive Ending</strong></td>\n<td width=\"156\"><strong>Gerund Ending</strong></td>\n<td width=\"156\"><strong>Example Infinitive</strong></td>\n<td width=\"156\"><strong>Example Gerund</strong></td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"156\"><strong>–are</strong></td>\n<td width=\"156\"><strong>–ando</strong></td>\n<td width=\"156\"><strong>guardare</strong> (<em>to look</em>)</td>\n<td width=\"156\"><strong>guardando</strong> (<em>looking</em>)</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"156\"><strong>–ere</strong></td>\n<td width=\"156\"><strong>–endo</strong></td>\n<td width=\"156\"><strong>ripetere</strong> (<em>to repeat</em>)</td>\n<td width=\"156\"><strong>ripetendo</strong> (<em>repeating</em>)</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"156\"><strong>–ire</strong></td>\n<td width=\"156\"><strong>–endo</strong></td>\n<td width=\"156\"><strong>dormire</strong> (<em>to sleep</em>)</td>\n<td width=\"156\"><strong>dormendo</strong> (<em>sleeping</em>)</td>\n</tr>\n</tbody>\n</table>\n"}],"videoInfo":{"videoId":null,"name":null,"accountId":null,"playerId":null,"thumbnailUrl":null,"description":null,"uploadDate":null}},"sponsorship":{"sponsorshipPage":false,"backgroundImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"brandingLine":"","brandingLink":"","brandingLogo":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"sponsorAd":"","sponsorEbookTitle":"","sponsorEbookLink":"","sponsorEbookImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0}},"primaryLearningPath":"Advance","lifeExpectancy":"Five years","lifeExpectancySetFrom":"2023-12-08T00:00:00+00:00","dummiesForKids":"no","sponsoredContent":"no","adInfo":"","adPairKey":[]},"status":"publish","visibility":"public","articleId":296223},{"headers":{"creationTime":"2017-03-27T16:54:01+00:00","modifiedTime":"2024-10-02T19:27:06+00:00","timestamp":"2024-10-02T21:01:02+00:00"},"data":{"breadcrumbs":[{"name":"Academics & The Arts","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33662"},"slug":"academics-the-arts","categoryId":33662},{"name":"Language & Language Arts","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33687"},"slug":"language-language-arts","categoryId":33687},{"name":"Learning Languages","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33689"},"slug":"learning-languages","categoryId":33689},{"name":"English as a Second Language","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33694"},"slug":"english-as-a-second-language","categoryId":33694}],"title":"Inglés Para Dummies Cheat Sheet","strippedTitle":"inglés para dummies cheat sheet","slug":"ingls-para-dummies-cheat-sheet","canonicalUrl":"","检字段擎整合":{"metaDescription":"Breve sumario con frases y preguntas esenciales en inglés para aquellos que tienen planeado viajar a un país angloparlante.","noIndex":0,"noFollow":0},"content":"Si tienes planeado viajar a un país que habla inglés, de vacaciones o por negocio, vale la pena aprender algunos saludos, frases de cortesía y preguntas de carácter general.","description":"Si tienes planeado viajar a un país que habla inglés, de vacaciones o por negocio, vale la pena aprender algunos saludos, frases de cortesía y preguntas de carácter general.","blurb":"","authors":[{"authorId":10180,"name":"Gail Brenner","slug":"gail-brenner","description":" <b>Gail Brenner</b> habla ingl&#233;s desde 1951, cuando dijo su primera oraci&#243;n, &#8220;Beb&#233;, dice adi&#243;s, adi&#243;s&#8221;. A partir de ese momento mejor&#243; r&#225;pidamente, y a los 6 a&#241;os, ya ense&#241;aba su primera clase de ingl&#233;s a un atento p&#250;blico formado por mu&#241;ecas.<br /> Tiempo despu&#233;s, cuando estuvo frente a un grupo real (e infinitamente m&#225;s activo) de estudiantes, supo que hab&#237;a encontrado su vocaci&#243;n. Durante los &#250;ltimos 15 a&#241;os, Gail ha ense&#241;ado ingl&#233;s como segundo idioma (ESL), ha preparado estudiantes para la prueba TOEFL, ha ense&#241;ado pronunciaci&#243;n, redacci&#243;n acad&#233;mica y una cantidad de cursos m&#225;s a gente maravillosa de todas partes del mundo. Actualmente da clases en su alma mater, La Universidad de California en Santa Cruz (UCSC) en donde obtuvo la licenciatura en literatura inglesa y docencia.","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/10180"}}],"primaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":33694,"title":"English as a Second Language","slug":"english-as-a-second-language","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33694"}},"secondaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"tertiaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"trendingArticles":null,"inThisArticle":[],"relatedArticles":{"fromBook":[],"fromCategory":[{"articleId":217823,"title":"Frases en Ingls Para Dummies","slug":"frases-en-ingls-para-dummies","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","english-as-a-second-language"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/217823"}},{"articleId":209365,"title":"Learning English as a Foreign Language Cheat Sheet","slug":"learning-english-as-a-foreign-language-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","english-as-a-second-language"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/209365"}},{"articleId":209328,"title":"Teaching English as a Foreign Language For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"tefl-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","english-as-a-second-language"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/209328"}},{"articleId":194927,"title":"Days of the Week and Months of the Year in English","slug":"days-of-the-week-and-months-of-the-year-in-english","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","english-as-a-second-language"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/194927"}},{"articleId":194900,"title":"Practising Your ABCs","slug":"practising-your-abcs","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","english-as-a-second-language"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/194900"}}]},"hasRelatedBookFromSearch":false,"relatedBook":{"bookId":282295,"slug":"ingls-para-dummies","isbn":"9781394168347","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","english-as-a-second-language"],"amazon":{"default":"//www.amazon.com/gp/product/1394168349/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","ca":"//www.amazon.ca/gp/product/1394168349/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","indigo_ca":"//www.tkqlhce.com/click-9208661-13710633?url=//www.chapters.indigo.ca/en-ca/books/product/1394168349-item.html&cjsku=978111945484","gb":"//www.amazon.co.uk/gp/product/1394168349/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","de":"//www.amazon.de/gp/product/1394168349/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20"},"image":{"src":"//coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/ingles-para-dummies-segunda-edicion-cover-9781394168347-203x255.jpg","width":203,"height":255},"title":"Inglés Para Dummies","testBankPinActivationLink":"","bookOutOfPrint":true,"authorsInfo":"<p><b><b data-author-id=\"10180\">Gail Brenner</b></b> habla ingl&#233;s desde 1951, cuando dijo su primera oraci&#243;n, &#8220;Beb&#233;, dice adi&#243;s, adi&#243;s&#8221;. A partir de ese momento mejor&#243; r&#225;pidamente, y a los 6 a&#241;os, ya ense&#241;aba su primera clase de ingl&#233;s a un atento p&#250;blico formado por mu&#241;ecas.<br /> Tiempo despu&#233;s, cuando estuvo frente a un grupo real (e infinitamente m&#225;s activo) de estudiantes, supo que hab&#237;a encontrado su vocaci&#243;n. Durante los &#250;ltimos 15 a&#241;os, Gail ha ense&#241;ado ingl&#233;s como segundo idioma (ESL), ha preparado estudiantes para la prueba TOEFL, ha ense&#241;ado pronunciaci&#243;n, redacci&#243;n acad&#233;mica y una cantidad de cursos m&#225;s a gente maravillosa de todas partes del mundo. Actualmente da clases en su alma mater, La Universidad de California en Santa Cruz (UCSC) en donde obtuvo la licenciatura en literatura inglesa y docencia.</p>","authors":[{"authorId":10180,"name":"Gail Brenner","slug":"gail-brenner","description":" <b>Gail Brenner</b> habla ingl&#233;s desde 1951, cuando dijo su primera oraci&#243;n, &#8220;Beb&#233;, dice adi&#243;s, adi&#243;s&#8221;. A partir de ese momento mejor&#243; r&#225;pidamente, y a los 6 a&#241;os, ya ense&#241;aba su primera clase de ingl&#233;s a un atento p&#250;blico formado por mu&#241;ecas.<br /> Tiempo despu&#233;s, cuando estuvo frente a un grupo real (e infinitamente m&#225;s activo) de estudiantes, supo que hab&#237;a encontrado su vocaci&#243;n. Durante los &#250;ltimos 15 a&#241;os, Gail ha ense&#241;ado ingl&#233;s como segundo idioma (ESL), ha preparado estudiantes para la prueba TOEFL, ha ense&#241;ado pronunciaci&#243;n, redacci&#243;n acad&#233;mica y una cantidad de cursos m&#225;s a gente maravillosa de todas partes del mundo. Actualmente da clases en su alma mater, La Universidad de California en Santa Cruz (UCSC) en donde obtuvo la licenciatura en literatura inglesa y docencia.","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/10180"}}],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/books/"}},"collections":[],"articleAds":{"footerAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;academics-the-arts&quot;,&quot;language-language-arts&quot;,&quot;learning-languages&quot;,&quot;english-as-a-second-language&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9781394168347&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-651b2f8ecf26c\"></div></div>","rightAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_right_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_right_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;academics-the-arts&quot;,&quot;language-language-arts&quot;,&quot;learning-languages&quot;,&quot;english-as-a-second-language&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9781394168347&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-651b2f8ed040b\"></div></div>"},"articleType":{"articleType":"Cheat Sheet","articleList":[{"articleId":188080,"title":"Saludos comunes y frases de cortesía","slug":"saludos-comunes-y-frases-de-cortesa","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","english-as-a-second-language"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/188080"}},{"articleId":188082,"title":"Preguntas útiles","slug":"preguntas-tiles","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","english-as-a-second-language"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/188082"}},{"articleId":188076,"title":"El Calendario","slug":"el-calendario","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","english-as-a-second-language"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/188076"}},{"articleId":188081,"title":"Números de uso frecuente","slug":"nmeros-de-uso-frecuente","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","english-as-a-second-language"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/188081"}}],"content":[{"title":"Saludos comunes y frases de cortesía","thumb":null,"image":null,"content":"<p>Cuando usted viaje a un país de habla inglesa, si aprende estos saludos y despedidas muy conocidos, junto con frases de cortesía, le ayudarán a presentarse y a hablar con confianza. Practique la pronunciación de estas palabras y frases:</p>\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\">Hello. (je-lou; Hola.)</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\">Hi. (jai; Hola.)</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\">How are you? (jau ar iu; ¿Cómo estás?)</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\">Good morning. (gud mor-ning; Buenos días.)</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\">Good afternoon. (gud af-ter-nu-un; Buenas tardes.)</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\">Good night. (gud nait; Buenas noches.)</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\">Good-bye. (gud-bai; Adiós.)</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\">See you later. (si-i iu lei-ter; Nos vemos luego.)</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\">Please. (pli-is; Por favor.)</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\">Thank you. (zenk iu; Gracias.)</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\">Thanks. (zenks; Gracias.)</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\">You’re welcome. (iu-ar uel-com; De nada.)</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\">I’m sorry. (aim so-ri; Lo siento.)</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\">Excuse me. (eks-kius mi; Perdone.)</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\">Please speak slowly. (pli-is spi-ik slou-li; Por favor hable despacio.)</p>\n</li>\n</ul>\n<p>Pronuncie la “z” como los españoles pronuncian</p>\n"},{"title":"Preguntas útiles","thumb":null,"image":null,"content":"<p>Si está en un país de habla inglesa y necesita ayuda, tiene una pregunta en general, o trata de comprar algo, estas preguntas en inglés le pueden ayudar, así que practique su pronunciación:</p>\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\">Can you help me? (can iu jelp mi; ¿Me puede ayudar?)</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\">What’s your name? (juats ior neim; ¿Cómo te llamas?)</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\">How much is this? (jau moch is dis; ¿Cuánto cuesta esto?)</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\">Where? (juer; ¿Dónde?)</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\">What? (juat; ¿Qué?)</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\">Why? (juai; ¿Por qué?)</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\">Who? (ju-u; ¿Quién?)</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\">When? (juen; ¿Cuándo?)</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\">How? (jau; ¿Cómo?)</p>\n</li>\n</ul>\n"},{"title":"El Calendario","thumb":null,"image":null,"content":"<p>Aprenda los días de la semana y los meses del año del calendario para que pueda mantenerse al tanto de los días feriados, planes de viajes y reuniones. Use esta lista para practicar la pronunciación:</p>\n<h2>Los días de la semana</h2>\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\">Sunday (son-dei; domingo)</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\">Monday (mon-dei; lunes)</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\">Tuesday (tus-dei; martes)</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\">Wednesday (uens-dei; miércoles)</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\">Thursday (zurs-dei; jueves) *</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\">Friday (frai-dei; viernes)</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\">Saturday (sa-tur-dei; sábado)</p>\n</li>\n</ul>\n<h2>Los meses del año</h2>\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\">January (llan-iu-e-ri; enero) +</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\">February (feb-ru-e-ri; febrero)</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\">March (march; marzo)</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\">April (ei-pril; abril)</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\">May (mei; mayo)</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\">June (llu-un; junio) +</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\">July (llu-lai; julio) +</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\">August (o-gost; agosto)</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\">September (sep-tem-ber; septiembre)</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\">October (oc-tou-ber; octubre)</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\">November (nou-vem-ber; noviembre)</p>\n</li>\n<li>\n<p class=\"first-para\">December (di-cem-ber; diciembre)</p>\n</li>\n</ul>\n<p>Pronuncie la “z” como los españoles pronuncian la “c” en “Barcelona”</p>\n<p>Pronuncie la “ll” como los argentinos pronuncian</p>\n"},{"title":"Números de uso frecuente","thumb":null,"image":null,"content":"<p>Si aprende los números en inglés le ayudará a ir de compras, a restaurantes y con el transporte. Esta lista de números básicos en inglés, y su pronunciación, le ayudará a empezar:</p>\n<table>\n<tbody>\n<tr>\n<td>1</td>\n<td>one (uan)</td>\n<td>19</td>\n<td>nineteen (nain-ti-in)</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>2</td>\n<td>two (tu)</td>\n<td>20</td>\n<td>twenty (tuen-ti)</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>3</td>\n<td>three (zri)</td>\n<td>21</td>\n<td>twenty-one (tuen-ti uan)</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>4</td>\n<td>four (for)</td>\n<td>22</td>\n<td>twenty-two (tuen-ti tu)</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>5</td>\n<td>five (faiv)</td>\n<td>30</td>\n<td>thirty (zur-ti) *</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>6</td>\n<td>six (siks)</td>\n<td>40</td>\n<td>forty (for-ti)</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>7</td>\n<td>seven (se-ven)</td>\n<td>50</td>\n<td>fifty (fif-ti)</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>8</td>\n<td>eight (eit)</td>\n<td>60</td>\n<td>sixty (siks-ti)</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>9</td>\n<td>nine (nain)</td>\n<td>70</td>\n<td>seventy (se-ven-ti)</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>10</td>\n<td>ten (ten)</td>\n<td>80</td>\n<td>eighty (ei-ti)</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>11</td>\n<td>eleven (i-le-ven)</td>\n<td>90</td>\n<td>ninety (nain-ti)</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>12</td>\n<td>twelve (tuelv)</td>\n<td>100</td>\n<td>one hundred (uan jon-dred)</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>13</td>\n<td>thirteen (zur-ti-in) *</td>\n<td>101</td>\n<td>one hundred one (uan jon-dred uan)</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>14</td>\n<td>fourteen (for-ti-in)</td>\n<td>1,000</td>\n<td>one thousand (uan zau-sand) *</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>15</td>\n<td>fifteen (fif-ti-in)</td>\n<td>10,000</td>\n<td>ten thousand (ten zau-sand) *</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>16</td>\n<td>sixteen (siks-ti-in)</td>\n<td>1,000,000</td>\n<td>one million (uan mil-ion)</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>17</td>\n<td>seventeen (se-ven-ti-in)</td>\n<td>1,000,000,000</td>\n<td>one billion (uan bil-ion)</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>18</td>\n<td>eighteen (eit-i-in)</td>\n<td></td>\n<td></td>\n</tr>\n</tbody>\n</table>\n"}],"videoInfo":{"videoId":null,"name":null,"accountId":null,"playerId":null,"thumbnailUrl":null,"description":null,"uploadDate":null}},"sponsorship":{"sponsorshipPage":false,"backgroundImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"brandingLine":"","brandingLink":"","brandingLogo":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"sponsorAd":"","sponsorEbookTitle":"","sponsorEbookLink":"","sponsorEbookImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0}},"primaryLearningPath":"Advance","lifeExpectancy":"Six months","lifeExpectancySetFrom":"2024-10-02T00:00:00+00:00","dummiesForKids":"no","sponsoredContent":"no","adInfo":"","adPairKey":[]},"status":"publish","visibility":"public","articleId":208636},{"headers":{"creationTime":"2023-11-29T18:56:10+00:00","modifiedTime":"2024-09-13T18:38:35+00:00","timestamp":"2024-09-13T21:01:03+00:00"},"data":{"breadcrumbs":[{"name":"Academics & The Arts","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33662"},"slug":"academics-the-arts","categoryId":33662},{"name":"Language & Language Arts","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33687"},"slug":"language-language-arts","categoryId":33687},{"name":"Learning Languages","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33689"},"slug":"learning-languages","categoryId":33689},{"name":"French","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33695"},"slug":"french","categoryId":33695}],"title":"French Workbook For Dummies Cheat Sheet","strippedTitle":"french workbook for dummies cheat sheet","slug":"french-workbook-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","canonicalUrl":"","检字段擎整合":{"metaDescription":"This Cheat Sheet is a handy reference for learning French; it includes articles, contractions, personal pronouns, and more.","noIndex":0,"noFollow":0},"content":"Keep this Cheat Sheet handy as you're learning French. It's a great quick reference when you need to check definite, indefinite, and partitive articles; personal pronouns, identify être verbs, and need help with other particulars of French grammar.","description":"Keep this Cheat Sheet handy as you're learning French. It's a great quick reference when you need to check definite, indefinite, and partitive articles; personal pronouns, identify être verbs, and need help with other particulars of French grammar.","blurb":"","authors":[{"authorId":10118,"name":"Laura K. Lawless","slug":"laura-k-lawless","description":" <p><b>Laura K. Lawless</b> earned a BA in International Studies from the Monterey Institute of International Studies. She has also done graduate work in French and Spanish translation, interpretation, linguistics, and literature. Laura is the creator of LawlessFrench.com, an online resource for students, teachers, and lovers of French. ","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/10118"}}],"primaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":33695,"title":"French","slug":"french","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33695"}},"secondaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"tertiaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"trendingArticles":null,"inThisArticle":[],"relatedArticles":{"fromBook":[],"fromCategory":[{"articleId":208557,"title":"French For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"french-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","french"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/208557"}},{"articleId":208489,"title":"Intermediate French For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"intermediate-french-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","french"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/208489"}},{"articleId":208461,"title":"French Verbs For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"french-verbs-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","french"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/208461"}},{"articleId":208221,"title":"French All-in-One For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"french-all-in-one-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","french"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/208221"}},{"articleId":208001,"title":"French Grammar For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"french-grammar-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","french"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/208001"}}]},"hasRelatedBookFromSearch":false,"relatedBook":{"bookId":295823,"slug":"french-workbook-for-dummies","isbn":"9781119982036","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","french"],"amazon":{"default":"//www.amazon.com/gp/product/1119982030/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","ca":"//www.amazon.ca/gp/product/1119982030/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","indigo_ca":"//www.tkqlhce.com/click-9208661-13710633?url=//www.chapters.indigo.ca/en-ca/books/product/1119982030-item.html&cjsku=978111945484","gb":"//www.amazon.co.uk/gp/product/1119982030/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","de":"//www.amazon.de/gp/product/1119982030/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20"},"image":{"src":"//coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/french-workbook-for-dummies-cover-1119982030-203x255.jpg","width":203,"height":255},"title":"French Workbook For Dummies","testBankPinActivationLink":"","bookOutOfPrint":true,"authorsInfo":"<p><p><b><b data-author-id=\"10118\">Laura K. Lawless</b></b> earned a BA in International Studies from the Monterey Institute of International Studies. She has also done graduate work in French and Spanish translation, interpretation, linguistics, and literature. Laura is the creator of LawlessFrench.com, an online resource for students, teachers, and lovers of French.</p>","authors":[{"authorId":10118,"name":"Laura K. Lawless","slug":"laura-k-lawless","description":" <p><b>Laura K. Lawless</b> earned a BA in International Studies from the Monterey Institute of International Studies. She has also done graduate work in French and Spanish translation, interpretation, linguistics, and literature. Laura is the creator of LawlessFrench.com, an online resource for students, teachers, and lovers of French. ","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/10118"}}],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/books/"}},"collections":[{"title":"For the Spring Term Learner","slug":"for-the-spring-term-student","collectionId":296450}],"articleAds":{"footerAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;academics-the-arts&quot;,&quot;language-language-arts&quot;,&quot;learning-languages&quot;,&quot;french&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9781119982036&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-6502230f2d793\"></div></div>","rightAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_right_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_right_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;academics-the-arts&quot;,&quot;language-language-arts&quot;,&quot;learning-languages&quot;,&quot;french&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9781119982036&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-6502230f2dce7\"></div></div>"},"articleType":{"articleType":"Cheat Sheet","articleList":[{"articleId":0,"title":"","slug":null,"categoryList":[],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/"}}],"content":[{"title":"Definite, indefinite, and partitive articles","thumb":null,"image":null,"content":"<p>You use articles with nouns to indicate something about those nouns. Definite articles refer to something specific, indefinite articles are unspecific, and partitive articles refer to a part of something. See the table below.</p>\n<table>\n<tbody>\n<tr>\n<td><strong>Gender/Number</strong></td>\n<td><strong>Definite (the)</strong></td>\n<td><strong>Indefinite (a, an, some)</strong></td>\n<td><strong>Partitive (some, any)</strong></td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Masculine singular</td>\n<td>le/l&#8217;</td>\n<td>un</td>\n<td>du/de l&#8217;</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Feminine singular</td>\n<td>la/l&#8217;</td>\n<td>une</td>\n<td>de la/de l&#8217;</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Plural</td>\n<td>les</td>\n<td>des</td>\n<td>des</td>\n</tr>\n</tbody>\n</table>\n"},{"title":"Contractions with À and De","thumb":null,"image":null,"content":"<p>The prepositions <strong>à</strong> (<em>at</em>, <em>to</em>, <em>in</em>) and <strong>de</strong> (<em>of</em>, <em>from</em>) always contract with the definite articles <strong>le</strong> and <strong>les</strong>. See the table below.</p>\n<table>\n<tbody>\n<tr>\n<td><strong>Article</strong></td>\n<td><strong>à + (le/les)</strong></td>\n<td><strong>de + (le/les)</strong></td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>le</td>\n<td>au</td>\n<td>du</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>les</td>\n<td>aux</td>\n<td>des</td>\n</tr>\n</tbody>\n</table>\n<p>You don’t use a contraction with <strong>à</strong> or <strong>de</strong> + <strong>la</strong> or <strong>l’</strong>: <strong>à la</strong>, <strong>à l’</strong>, <strong>de la</strong>, <strong>de l’</strong>.</p>\n"},{"title":"Adjectives that precede the noun","thumb":null,"image":null,"content":"<p>Descriptive French adjectives usually follow nouns, except for those that refer to</p>\n<ul>\n<li>Beauty (<strong>joli</strong> [<em>pretty</em>], <strong>moche</strong> [<em>ugly</em>]</li>\n<li>Age (<strong>jeune</strong> [<em>young</em>], <strong>vieux</strong> [<em>old</em>]</li>\n<li>Goodness and badness (<strong>bon</strong> [<em>good</em>], <strong>mauvais</strong> [<em>bad</em>])</li>\n<li>Size (<strong>grand</strong> [<em>big</em>/<em>tall</em>], <strong>petit</strong> [<em>small</em>/<em>short</em>])</li>\n</ul>\n<p>Non-descriptive adjectives (demonstrative, interrogative, numerical, possessive) also precede nouns.</p>\n"},{"title":"Personal pronouns","thumb":null,"image":null,"content":"<p>Personal pronouns are pronouns (words that replace nouns) that are personal (have different forms for different grammatical persons). In the table below are the most common personal pronouns.</p>\n<table>\n<tbody>\n<tr>\n<td><strong>Person</strong></td>\n<td><strong>Subject Pronoun</strong></td>\n<td><strong>Direct Object Pronoun</strong></td>\n<td><strong>Indirect Object Pronoun</strong></td>\n<td><strong>Reflexive Pronoun</strong></td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>1st person singular</td>\n<td>je/j’</td>\n<td>me/m’</td>\n<td>me/m’</td>\n<td>me/m’</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>2nd person singular</td>\n<td>tu</td>\n<td>te/t’</td>\n<td>te/t’</td>\n<td>te/t’</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>3rd person singular (m)</td>\n<td>il</td>\n<td>le/l’</td>\n<td>lui</td>\n<td>se/s’</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>3rd person singular (f)</td>\n<td>elle</td>\n<td>la/l’</td>\n<td>lui</td>\n<td>se/s’</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>1st person plural</td>\n<td>nous</td>\n<td>nous</td>\n<td>nous</td>\n<td>nous</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>2nd person plural</td>\n<td>vous</td>\n<td>vous</td>\n<td>vous</td>\n<td>vous</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td>3rd person plural</td>\n<td>ils, elles</td>\n<td>les</td>\n<td>leur</td>\n<td>se/s’</td>\n</tr>\n</tbody>\n</table>\n"},{"title":"Object pronoun word order","thumb":null,"image":null,"content":"<p>The order of object pronouns depends on whether you use them with the affirmative imperative (commands) or some other construction.</p>\n<p>The following figure shows you word order with the affirmative imperative.</p>\n<p><img loading=\"lazy\" class=\"alignnone size-full wp-image-295901\" src=\"//coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/french-affirmative-imperative.jpg\" alt=\"Table showing affirmative imperative word order in French\" width=\"397\" height=\"346\" /></p>\n<p>The following figure shows the word order with everything else, including the negative imperative.</p>\n<p><img loading=\"lazy\" class=\"alignnone size-full wp-image-295900\" src=\"//coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/french-object-pronoun-order.jpg\" alt=\"Table showing object pronoun word order in French\" width=\"441\" height=\"281\" /></p>\n"},{"title":"Identifying être verbs","thumb":null,"image":null,"content":"<p>Most French verbs use <strong>avoir</strong> as the auxiliary verb for the <strong>passé composé</strong> and the other compound tenses. Here are the verbs that use <strong>être </strong>instead:</p>\n<p><strong>aller</strong> (<em>to go</em>)</p>\n<p><strong>arriver</strong> (<em>to arrive</em>)</p>\n<p><strong>descendre</strong> (<em>to descend</em>)</p>\n<p><strong>entrer</strong> (<em>to enter</em>)</p>\n<p><strong>monter</strong> (<em>to climb</em>)</p>\n<p><strong>mourir</strong> (<em>to die</em>)</p>\n<p><strong>naître</strong> (<em>to be born</em>)</p>\n<p><strong>partir</strong> (<em>to leave</em>)</p>\n<p><strong>passer</strong> (<em>to pass [by, in front of, behind]</em>)</p>\n<p><strong>rentrer</strong> (<em>to go home</em>)</p>\n<p><strong>rester</strong> (<em>to stay</em>)</p>\n<p><strong>retourner</strong> (<em>to return</em>)</p>\n<p><strong>sortir</strong> (<em>to go out</em>)</p>\n<p><strong>tomber</strong> (<em>to fall</em>)</p>\n<p><strong>venir</strong> (<em>to come</em>)</p>\n<p>In addition, pronominal verbs use <strong>être</strong>:<strong> Je me suis levé </strong>(<em>I got up.</em>)</p>\n"}],"videoInfo":{"videoId":null,"name":null,"accountId":null,"playerId":null,"thumbnailUrl":null,"description":null,"uploadDate":null}},"sponsorship":{"sponsorshipPage":false,"backgroundImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"brandingLine":"","brandingLink":"","brandingLogo":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"sponsorAd":"","sponsorEbookTitle":"","sponsorEbookLink":"","sponsorEbookImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0}},"primaryLearningPath":"Advance","lifeExpectancy":"Five years","lifeExpectancySetFrom":"2023-11-29T00:00:00+00:00","dummiesForKids":"no","sponsoredContent":"no","adInfo":"","adPairKey":[]},"status":"publish","visibility":"public","articleId":295896},{"headers":{"creationTime":"2017-03-26T23:08:44+00:00","modifiedTime":"2024-09-07T19:37:43+00:00","timestamp":"2024-09-07T21:01:02+00:00"},"data":{"breadcrumbs":[{"name":"Academics & The Arts","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33662"},"slug":"academics-the-arts","categoryId":33662},{"name":"Language & Language Arts","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33687"},"slug":"language-language-arts","categoryId":33687},{"name":"Learning Languages","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33689"},"slug":"learning-languages","categoryId":33689},{"name":"Spanish","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33705"},"slug":"spanish","categoryId":33705}],"title":"Ordering at a Restaurant in Spanish","strippedTitle":"ordering at a restaurant in spanish","slug":"ordering-at-a-restaurant-in-spanish","canonicalUrl":"","检字段擎整合":{"metaDescription":"If you're just learning to speak Spanish, here's what you should know to order a meal at a Spanish-speaking restaurant.","noIndex":0,"noFollow":0},"content":"When you’re eating out at a <a href=\"//coursofppt.com/languages/spanish/paying-the-bill-at-a-spanish-speaking-restaurant/\">Spanish-speaking restaurant</a>, knowing some basic <a href=\"//coursofppt.com/languages/spanish/spanish-for-dummies-cheat-sheet/\">Spanish vocabulary</a> can make the ordering process a little easier. Placing your order basically consists of two parts: ordering a beverage and ordering food. But first you need to get the attention of your server.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab1\" >Calling a waiter over to your table</h2>\r\nIf your waiter is a man, the appropriate way to address him depends on where you are. A waiter in Argentina is a <b>mozo</b> <i>(</i><i><u>moh</u></i><i>-soh)</i> or “young man.” But, calling someone <b>mozo</b> in Chile is offensive. In Chile, you say, <b>garzón</b> <i>(gahr-</i><i><u>sohn</u></i><i>),</i> which is derived from the French word for “young man<i>.</i>” If you call the waiter by either of these terms in Mexico, he may not react. You can better get his attention by saying <b>joven</b> <i>(</i><i><u>Hoh</u></i><i>-bvehn),</i> meaning “young,” even if he isn’t so young. In Spain, a waiter is a <b>camarero</b> <i>(kah-mah-</i><i><u>reh</u></i><i>-roh).</i>\r\n\r\nWhen a woman is serving you, call her simply <b>señorita</b> <i>(seh-nyoh-</i><i><u>ree</u></i><i>-tah)</i><i>, </i>meaning “Miss,” no matter where you are.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab2\" >Ordering a beverage</h2>\r\n<div class=\"imageBlock\" style=\"width: 314px;\">\r\n\r\n<img src=\"//coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/73960.image0.jpg\" alt=\"[Credit: PhotoDisc, Inc.]\" width=\"314\" height=\"400\" />\r\n<div class=\"imageCredit\">Credit: PhotoDisc, Inc.</div>\r\n</div>\r\nMany people like to order an aperitif, or cocktail, before dinner. One popular local liquor is <b>aguardiente</b> <i>(ah-gooahr-dee</i><i><u>ehn</u></i><i>-teh),</i> which translates as “fire water,” and is made out of grapes, <b>tequila</b> <i>(teh-</i><i><u>kee</u></i><i>-lah)</i><i>,</i> and <b>mezcal</b> <i>(mehs-</i><i><u>kahl</u></i><i>)</i><i>.</i> In Chile and Peru, people like “<b>pisco</b> <i>(</i><i><u>pees</u></i><i>-koh)</i><i> </i>sour,” a cocktail made with <b>pisco</b> (another liquor made from grapes), sugar, and lemon juice.\r\n\r\n<b>Agua</b> <i>(</i><i><u>ah</u></i><i>-gooah)</i> in Mexico can mean “water,” which is its exact translation, but it can also be a beverage made with water, fruit, and sugar. All fruits, and even some vegetables, make refreshing <b>aguas.</b> In Chile, <b>a</b><b>guita</b> <i>(ah-goo-</i><i><u>ee</u></i><i>-tah)</i><i>,</i> meaning “little water,” can be an herb tea served after a meal.\r\n\r\nFollowing are a few more phrases you may hear or want to use when ordering beverages:\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Escoger un vino</b> <i>(ehs-koh-</i><i><u>Hehr</u></i><i> oon </i><i><u>bvee</u></i><i>-noh)</i> (choose a wine)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>¡Salud!</b> <i>(sah-</i><i><u>lood</u></i><i>)</i> (Cheers!)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Tomar un refresco </b><i>(toh-</i><i><u>mahr</u></i><i> oon reh-</i><i><u>frehs</u></i><i>-koh)</i> (drink a soda pop)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Tomar un trago</b> <i>(toh-</i><i><u>mahr</u></i><i> oon </i><i><u>trah</u></i><i>-goh)</i> (have a drink [alcoholic])</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Un vaso de agua</b> <i>(oon </i><i><u>bvah</u></i><i>-soh deh </i><i><u>ah</u></i><i>-gooah)</i> (a glass of water)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Un vaso de leche</b> <i>(oon </i><i><u>bvah</u></i><i>-soh deh </i><i><u>leh</u></i><i>-cheh</i>) (a glass of milk)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<h2 id=\"tab3\" >Ordering a main course</h2>\r\nIn order to make a selection, you may want to ask questions about various dishes on the menu. Here are a few helpful phrases:\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>¿Qué nos recomienda?</b> <i>(</i><i>keh nohs reh-koh-mee</i><i><u>ehn</u></i><i>-dah)</i> (What do you suggest?)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>¿Con qué está servido?</b> <i>(kohn keh ehs-</i><i><u>tah</u></i><i> sehr-</i><i><u>bvee</u></i><i>-doh)</i> (What does it come with?)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>¿Qué ingredientes tiene?</b> <i>(keh een-greh-dee </i><i><u>ehn</u></i><i>-tehs tee </i><i><u>eh</u></i><i>-neh)</i> (What are the ingredients?)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>¿Qué más trae el plato?</b> <i>(keh mahs </i><i><u>trah-</u></i><i>eh ehl </i><i><u>plah</u></i><i>-toh)</i> (What else is in the dish?)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\nYour server may have occasion to use the following phrases:\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>¿Están listos para ordenar?</b> <i>(ehs-</i><i><u>tahn</u></i><i> </i><i><u>lees</u></i><i>-tohs </i><i><u>pah</u></i><i>-rah ohr-deh-</i><i><u>nahr)</u></i><i> </i>(Are you ready to order?)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Está caliente.</b> <i>(ehs-</i><i><u>tah</u></i><i> kah-lee </i><i><u>ehn</u></i><i>-teh)</i> (It’s hot [temperature].)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Está picante.</b> <i>(ehs-</i><i><u>tah</u></i><i> pee-</i><i><u>kahn</u></i><i>-teh)</i> (It’s hot [flavor/spicy].)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Está frío.</b> <i>(ehs-</i><i><u>tah</u></i><i> freeoh)</i> (It’s cold.)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Lamento, no tenemos . . .</b> <i>(lah-</i><i><u>mehn</u></i><i>-toh noh teh-</i><i><u>neh</u></i><i>-mohs)</i> (Sorry, we don’t have any . . .)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>","description":"When you’re eating out at a <a href=\"//coursofppt.com/languages/spanish/paying-the-bill-at-a-spanish-speaking-restaurant/\">Spanish-speaking restaurant</a>, knowing some basic <a href=\"//coursofppt.com/languages/spanish/spanish-for-dummies-cheat-sheet/\">Spanish vocabulary</a> can make the ordering process a little easier. Placing your order basically consists of two parts: ordering a beverage and ordering food. But first you need to get the attention of your server.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab1\" >Calling a waiter over to your table</h2>\r\nIf your waiter is a man, the appropriate way to address him depends on where you are. A waiter in Argentina is a <b>mozo</b> <i>(</i><i><u>moh</u></i><i>-soh)</i> or “young man.” But, calling someone <b>mozo</b> in Chile is offensive. In Chile, you say, <b>garzón</b> <i>(gahr-</i><i><u>sohn</u></i><i>),</i> which is derived from the French word for “young man<i>.</i>” If you call the waiter by either of these terms in Mexico, he may not react. You can better get his attention by saying <b>joven</b> <i>(</i><i><u>Hoh</u></i><i>-bvehn),</i> meaning “young,” even if he isn’t so young. In Spain, a waiter is a <b>camarero</b> <i>(kah-mah-</i><i><u>reh</u></i><i>-roh).</i>\r\n\r\nWhen a woman is serving you, call her simply <b>señorita</b> <i>(seh-nyoh-</i><i><u>ree</u></i><i>-tah)</i><i>, </i>meaning “Miss,” no matter where you are.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab2\" >Ordering a beverage</h2>\r\n<div class=\"imageBlock\" style=\"width: 314px;\">\r\n\r\n<img src=\"//coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/73960.image0.jpg\" alt=\"[Credit: PhotoDisc, Inc.]\" width=\"314\" height=\"400\" />\r\n<div class=\"imageCredit\">Credit: PhotoDisc, Inc.</div>\r\n</div>\r\nMany people like to order an aperitif, or cocktail, before dinner. One popular local liquor is <b>aguardiente</b> <i>(ah-gooahr-dee</i><i><u>ehn</u></i><i>-teh),</i> which translates as “fire water,” and is made out of grapes, <b>tequila</b> <i>(teh-</i><i><u>kee</u></i><i>-lah)</i><i>,</i> and <b>mezcal</b> <i>(mehs-</i><i><u>kahl</u></i><i>)</i><i>.</i> In Chile and Peru, people like “<b>pisco</b> <i>(</i><i><u>pees</u></i><i>-koh)</i><i> </i>sour,” a cocktail made with <b>pisco</b> (another liquor made from grapes), sugar, and lemon juice.\r\n\r\n<b>Agua</b> <i>(</i><i><u>ah</u></i><i>-gooah)</i> in Mexico can mean “water,” which is its exact translation, but it can also be a beverage made with water, fruit, and sugar. All fruits, and even some vegetables, make refreshing <b>aguas.</b> In Chile, <b>a</b><b>guita</b> <i>(ah-goo-</i><i><u>ee</u></i><i>-tah)</i><i>,</i> meaning “little water,” can be an herb tea served after a meal.\r\n\r\nFollowing are a few more phrases you may hear or want to use when ordering beverages:\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Escoger un vino</b> <i>(ehs-koh-</i><i><u>Hehr</u></i><i> oon </i><i><u>bvee</u></i><i>-noh)</i> (choose a wine)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>¡Salud!</b> <i>(sah-</i><i><u>lood</u></i><i>)</i> (Cheers!)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Tomar un refresco </b><i>(toh-</i><i><u>mahr</u></i><i> oon reh-</i><i><u>frehs</u></i><i>-koh)</i> (drink a soda pop)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Tomar un trago</b> <i>(toh-</i><i><u>mahr</u></i><i> oon </i><i><u>trah</u></i><i>-goh)</i> (have a drink [alcoholic])</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Un vaso de agua</b> <i>(oon </i><i><u>bvah</u></i><i>-soh deh </i><i><u>ah</u></i><i>-gooah)</i> (a glass of water)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Un vaso de leche</b> <i>(oon </i><i><u>bvah</u></i><i>-soh deh </i><i><u>leh</u></i><i>-cheh</i>) (a glass of milk)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<h2 id=\"tab3\" >Ordering a main course</h2>\r\nIn order to make a selection, you may want to ask questions about various dishes on the menu. Here are a few helpful phrases:\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>¿Qué nos recomienda?</b> <i>(</i><i>keh nohs reh-koh-mee</i><i><u>ehn</u></i><i>-dah)</i> (What do you suggest?)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>¿Con qué está servido?</b> <i>(kohn keh ehs-</i><i><u>tah</u></i><i> sehr-</i><i><u>bvee</u></i><i>-doh)</i> (What does it come with?)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>¿Qué ingredientes tiene?</b> <i>(keh een-greh-dee </i><i><u>ehn</u></i><i>-tehs tee </i><i><u>eh</u></i><i>-neh)</i> (What are the ingredients?)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>¿Qué más trae el plato?</b> <i>(keh mahs </i><i><u>trah-</u></i><i>eh ehl </i><i><u>plah</u></i><i>-toh)</i> (What else is in the dish?)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\nYour server may have occasion to use the following phrases:\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>¿Están listos para ordenar?</b> <i>(ehs-</i><i><u>tahn</u></i><i> </i><i><u>lees</u></i><i>-tohs </i><i><u>pah</u></i><i>-rah ohr-deh-</i><i><u>nahr)</u></i><i> </i>(Are you ready to order?)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Está caliente.</b> <i>(ehs-</i><i><u>tah</u></i><i> kah-lee </i><i><u>ehn</u></i><i>-teh)</i> (It’s hot [temperature].)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Está picante.</b> <i>(ehs-</i><i><u>tah</u></i><i> pee-</i><i><u>kahn</u></i><i>-teh)</i> (It’s hot [flavor/spicy].)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Está frío.</b> <i>(ehs-</i><i><u>tah</u></i><i> freeoh)</i> (It’s cold.)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Lamento, no tenemos . . .</b> <i>(lah-</i><i><u>mehn</u></i><i>-toh noh teh-</i><i><u>neh</u></i><i>-mohs)</i> (Sorry, we don’t have any . . .)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>","blurb":"","authors":[],"primaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":33705,"title":"Spanish","slug":"spanish","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33705"}},"secondaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"tertiaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"trendingArticles":null,"inThisArticle":[{"label":"Calling a waiter over to your table","target":"#tab1"},{"label":"Ordering a beverage","target":"#tab2"},{"label":"Ordering a main course","target":"#tab3"}],"relatedArticles":{"fromBook":[],"fromCategory":[{"articleId":295744,"title":"Spanish Workbook For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"spanish-workbook-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","spanish"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/295744"}},{"articleId":210364,"title":"Spanish Introductions","slug":"spanish-introductions","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","spanish"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/210364"}},{"articleId":209434,"title":"Spanish Verbs For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"spanish-verbs-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","spanish"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/209434"}},{"articleId":209154,"title":"Spanish All-in-One For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"spanish-all-in-one-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","spanish"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/209154"}},{"articleId":208766,"title":"Spanish For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"spanish-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","spanish"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/208766"}}]},"hasRelatedBookFromSearch":false,"relatedBook":{"bookId":0,"slug":null,"isbn":null,"categoryList":null,"amazon":null,"image":null,"title":null,"testBankPinActivationLink":null,"bookOutOfPrint":false,"authorsInfo":null,"authors":null,"_links":null},"collections":[{"title":"Make a Commitment to Better Yourself","slug":"make-a-commitment-to-better-yourself","collectionId":290164}],"articleAds":{"footerAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = 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id=\"du-slot-64fa3a0ed3fbb\"></div></div>"},"articleType":{"articleType":"Articles","articleList":null,"content":null,"videoInfo":{"videoId":null,"name":null,"accountId":null,"playerId":null,"thumbnailUrl":null,"description":null,"uploadDate":null}},"sponsorship":{"sponsorshipPage":false,"backgroundImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"brandingLine":"","brandingLink":"","brandingLogo":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"sponsorAd":"","sponsorEbookTitle":"","sponsorEbookLink":"","sponsorEbookImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0}},"primaryLearningPath":"Explore","lifeExpectancy":"Five years","lifeExpectancySetFrom":"2024-09-07T00:00:00+00:00","dummiesForKids":"no","sponsoredContent":"no","adInfo":"","adPairKey":[]},"status":"publish","visibility":"public","articleId":202642},{"headers":{"creationTime":"2017-03-26T22:47:49+00:00","modifiedTime":"2024-08-07T13:48:24+00:00","timestamp":"2024-08-07T15:01:03+00:00"},"data":{"breadcrumbs":[{"name":"Academics & The Arts","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33662"},"slug":"academics-the-arts","categoryId":33662},{"name":"Language & Language Arts","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33687"},"slug":"language-language-arts","categoryId":33687},{"name":"Learning Languages","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33689"},"slug":"learning-languages","categoryId":33689},{"name":"French","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33695"},"slug":"french","categoryId":33695}],"title":"Enjoying French Meals","strippedTitle":"enjoying french meals","slug":"enjoying-french-meals","canonicalUrl":"","检字段擎整合":{"metaDescription":"What better way to enjoy what you are going to eat than to start with an empty stomach. Then you can say, \"J'ai faim\" (zheh fan) (I'm hungry) or \"J'ai soif\" (zh","noIndex":0,"noFollow":0},"content":"What better way to enjoy what you are going to eat than to start with an empty stomach. Then you can say, <b>\"J'ai faim\"</b> <i>(zheh fan)</i> (I'm hungry) or <b>\"J'ai soif\"</b> <i>(zheh swaf)</i> (I'm thirsty), and the glorious world of French gastronomy is yours!\r\n<p class=\"Tip\">French food is probably the most famous and the most praised in the world. And you don't have to go to Paris to enjoy it. In the United States, French restaurants and specialty food shops are often very expensive. But just across the border, you can find total satisfaction at reasonable prices in Montreal.</p>\r\nIn the United States, people eat breakfast, lunch, and dinner. Wouldn't it be simple if only three words designated <b>les repas</b> <i>(lay ruh-pah)</i> (the meals) in all French-speaking countries? Well, it simply isn't so. Québec has kept some of the seventeenth-century French of its first settlers and uses the words that were used then (as do the people in some parts of the French countryside):\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li>The word for \"breakfast\" is:\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li><b>le déjeuner</b> <i>(luh day-zhuh-nay)</i> in Québec</li>\r\n \t<li><b>le petit déjeuner</b> <i>(luh puh-tee day-zhuh-nay)</i> in France\r\n<p class=\"Tip\"><b>Le déjeuner</b> (in Québec) is probably a remnant from the days when farm workers ate a big hearty meal in early morning, another big meal at midday, and only hot soup with bread at the end of the day. Then breakfast was more a <b>déjeuner</b> (meal) than a <b>petit déjeuner</b> (little meal). Also, the Quebecois are North Americans and thus more used to a big breakfast than the French are. So, if you're meeting someone for <b>le déjeuner</b> in Montreal, don't wait until lunch time! Unless your hosts invited your for <b>le brunch</b> — no explanation necessary, right? — they won't be expecting you.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>The word for \"lunch\" is:\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li><b>le dîner</b> <i>(luh dee-nay)</i> in Québec</li>\r\n \t<li><b>le déjeuner</b> <i>(luh day-zhuh-nay)</i> in France</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>The word for \"dinner\" is:\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li><b>le souper</b> <i>(luh soo-pay)</i> in Québec</li>\r\n \t<li><b>le dîner</b> <i>(luh dee-nay)</i> in France</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>These nouns are also verbs; to have lunch or dinner is <b>déjeuner, dîner, or souper.</b></li>\r\n</ul>\r\nAfter coming home from school, children enjoy <b>le goûter</b> <i>(luh goo-tay)</i> (mid-afternoon snack), which usually consists of bread and butter, jam, or chocolate. If you suddenly find yourself hungry between meals, you can always have <b>un casse-croûte</b> <i>(kahs-kroot)</i> (a snack, literally: break the crust) like a crêpe at a stand in Paris, a hot dog sold by a street vendor in Montreal, or anything in between. Even out in the middle of the country, you may be lucky enough to find a café where you can get <b>une omelette</b> <i>(ew-nom-leht)</i> (an omelet) or <b>un sandwich</b> <i>(aN sahn-dweesh)</i> (a sandwich).\r\n<h2 id=\"tab1\" >A note about breakfast</h2>\r\n<p class=\"Remember\">As we mention earlier, a Canadian breakfast looks much like its American or British counterpart. The French breakfast, on the other hand, is more like what hotels call a continental breakfast. Many French don't even eat the famous <b>croissant</b> <i>(krwa-sahN)</i> with their morning coffee; they're often satisfied with just a quick espresso before boarding the train or the subway. Nowadays, like North American children, many French children have cereal and milk, <b>les céréales et le lait</b> <i>(lay say-ray-ah-lay luh lay)</i> for breakfast.</p>\r\nStill, the traditional French breakfast is usually made up of the following:\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li><b>le café</b> <i>(luh kah-fay)</i> (coffee)</li>\r\n \t<li><b>le café au lait</b> <i>(luh kah-fay o leh)</i> (coffee with hot milk)</li>\r\n \t<li><b>le café crème</b> <i>(luh kah-fay crehm</i>) (coffee with a little milk)</li>\r\n \t<li><b>le thé nature</b> <i>(luh tay nah-tewr)</i> (plain tea)</li>\r\n \t<li><b>le thé au lait</b><i> (luh tay o leh) </i>(tea with milk)</li>\r\n \t<li><b>le thé au citron/le thé citron</b> <i>(luh tay o see-trohn/luh tay see-trohn)</i> (tea with lemon)</li>\r\n \t<li><b>le pain</b> <i>(luh pahN)</i> (bread)</li>\r\n \t<li><b>le pain grillé</b> <i>(luh pahN gree-yay)</i> (toast)</li>\r\n \t<li><b>les tartines</b><i> (lay tahr-teen)</i> (slices of bread with some kind of spread)</li>\r\n \t<li><b>le beurre</b> <i>(luh buhr) </i>(butter)</li>\r\n \t<li><b>la margarine</b> <i>(lah mahr-zhah-reen)</i> (margarine), not as popular as butter but used nevertheless</li>\r\n \t<li><b>la confiture</b> <i>(lah kohn-fee-tewr)</i> (jam)</li>\r\n \t<li><b>le croissant</b><i> (luh krwa-sahN)</i> (croissant — crescent-shaped)</li>\r\n \t<li><b>le pain au chocolat</b> <i>(luh pan o sho-ko-lah)</i> (same dough as a croissant, but a different shape and with a chocolate bar inside)</li>\r\n \t<li><b>le chausson aux pommes</b> <i>(luh sho-sohN o pohm)</i> (applesauce-filled danish)</li>\r\n \t<li><b>le pain aux raisins</b> <i>(luh pahN o ray-zan)</i> (a sort of raisin bread)</li>\r\n</ul>\r\nYou can find all of these mouth-watering goodies in any <b>pâtisserie</b> <i>(pah-tees-ree)</i> (confectioner's shop) or <b>boulangerie</b> <i>(boo-lahn-zhree)</i> (bakery) throughout France. If you aren't sure what something is, you can always simply point to it in the window and be delightfully surprised at whatever delicious confection you discover!\r\n<h2 id=\"tab2\" >A note about lunch</h2>\r\nUntil the mid-1960s, lunch was the big meal of the day in France. Fathers came home from work and children came home from school to sit to a four- or five-course meal prepared by the mother. After a two-hour break, everybody went back to their activities. Children still have a two-hour break from lunch, and many of them still go home. But with many women working outside the house, most active people spend much less time on their lunch break and don't have time to come home. They also eat more lightly at midday.","description":"What better way to enjoy what you are going to eat than to start with an empty stomach. Then you can say, <b>\"J'ai faim\"</b> <i>(zheh fan)</i> (I'm hungry) or <b>\"J'ai soif\"</b> <i>(zheh swaf)</i> (I'm thirsty), and the glorious world of French gastronomy is yours!\r\n<p class=\"Tip\">French food is probably the most famous and the most praised in the world. And you don't have to go to Paris to enjoy it. In the United States, French restaurants and specialty food shops are often very expensive. But just across the border, you can find total satisfaction at reasonable prices in Montreal.</p>\r\nIn the United States, people eat breakfast, lunch, and dinner. Wouldn't it be simple if only three words designated <b>les repas</b> <i>(lay ruh-pah)</i> (the meals) in all French-speaking countries? Well, it simply isn't so. Québec has kept some of the seventeenth-century French of its first settlers and uses the words that were used then (as do the people in some parts of the French countryside):\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li>The word for \"breakfast\" is:\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li><b>le déjeuner</b> <i>(luh day-zhuh-nay)</i> in Québec</li>\r\n \t<li><b>le petit déjeuner</b> <i>(luh puh-tee day-zhuh-nay)</i> in France\r\n<p class=\"Tip\"><b>Le déjeuner</b> (in Québec) is probably a remnant from the days when farm workers ate a big hearty meal in early morning, another big meal at midday, and only hot soup with bread at the end of the day. Then breakfast was more a <b>déjeuner</b> (meal) than a <b>petit déjeuner</b> (little meal). Also, the Quebecois are North Americans and thus more used to a big breakfast than the French are. So, if you're meeting someone for <b>le déjeuner</b> in Montreal, don't wait until lunch time! Unless your hosts invited your for <b>le brunch</b> — no explanation necessary, right? — they won't be expecting you.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>The word for \"lunch\" is:\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li><b>le dîner</b> <i>(luh dee-nay)</i> in Québec</li>\r\n \t<li><b>le déjeuner</b> <i>(luh day-zhuh-nay)</i> in France</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>The word for \"dinner\" is:\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li><b>le souper</b> <i>(luh soo-pay)</i> in Québec</li>\r\n \t<li><b>le dîner</b> <i>(luh dee-nay)</i> in France</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>These nouns are also verbs; to have lunch or dinner is <b>déjeuner, dîner, or souper.</b></li>\r\n</ul>\r\nAfter coming home from school, children enjoy <b>le goûter</b> <i>(luh goo-tay)</i> (mid-afternoon snack), which usually consists of bread and butter, jam, or chocolate. If you suddenly find yourself hungry between meals, you can always have <b>un casse-croûte</b> <i>(kahs-kroot)</i> (a snack, literally: break the crust) like a crêpe at a stand in Paris, a hot dog sold by a street vendor in Montreal, or anything in between. Even out in the middle of the country, you may be lucky enough to find a café where you can get <b>une omelette</b> <i>(ew-nom-leht)</i> (an omelet) or <b>un sandwich</b> <i>(aN sahn-dweesh)</i> (a sandwich).\r\n<h2 id=\"tab1\" >A note about breakfast</h2>\r\n<p class=\"Remember\">As we mention earlier, a Canadian breakfast looks much like its American or British counterpart. The French breakfast, on the other hand, is more like what hotels call a continental breakfast. Many French don't even eat the famous <b>croissant</b> <i>(krwa-sahN)</i> with their morning coffee; they're often satisfied with just a quick espresso before boarding the train or the subway. Nowadays, like North American children, many French children have cereal and milk, <b>les céréales et le lait</b> <i>(lay say-ray-ah-lay luh lay)</i> for breakfast.</p>\r\nStill, the traditional French breakfast is usually made up of the following:\r\n<ul>\r\n \t<li><b>le café</b> <i>(luh kah-fay)</i> (coffee)</li>\r\n \t<li><b>le café au lait</b> <i>(luh kah-fay o leh)</i> (coffee with hot milk)</li>\r\n \t<li><b>le café crème</b> <i>(luh kah-fay crehm</i>) (coffee with a little milk)</li>\r\n \t<li><b>le thé nature</b> <i>(luh tay nah-tewr)</i> (plain tea)</li>\r\n \t<li><b>le thé au lait</b><i> (luh tay o leh) </i>(tea with milk)</li>\r\n \t<li><b>le thé au citron/le thé citron</b> <i>(luh tay o see-trohn/luh tay see-trohn)</i> (tea with lemon)</li>\r\n \t<li><b>le pain</b> <i>(luh pahN)</i> (bread)</li>\r\n \t<li><b>le pain grillé</b> <i>(luh pahN gree-yay)</i> (toast)</li>\r\n \t<li><b>les tartines</b><i> (lay tahr-teen)</i> (slices of bread with some kind of spread)</li>\r\n \t<li><b>le beurre</b> <i>(luh buhr) </i>(butter)</li>\r\n \t<li><b>la margarine</b> <i>(lah mahr-zhah-reen)</i> (margarine), not as popular as butter but used nevertheless</li>\r\n \t<li><b>la confiture</b> <i>(lah kohn-fee-tewr)</i> (jam)</li>\r\n \t<li><b>le croissant</b><i> (luh krwa-sahN)</i> (croissant — crescent-shaped)</li>\r\n \t<li><b>le pain au chocolat</b> <i>(luh pan o sho-ko-lah)</i> (same dough as a croissant, but a different shape and with a chocolate bar inside)</li>\r\n \t<li><b>le chausson aux pommes</b> <i>(luh sho-sohN o pohm)</i> (applesauce-filled danish)</li>\r\n \t<li><b>le pain aux raisins</b> <i>(luh pahN o ray-zan)</i> (a sort of raisin bread)</li>\r\n</ul>\r\nYou can find all of these mouth-watering goodies in any <b>pâtisserie</b> <i>(pah-tees-ree)</i> (confectioner's shop) or <b>boulangerie</b> <i>(boo-lahn-zhree)</i> (bakery) throughout France. If you aren't sure what something is, you can always simply point to it in the window and be delightfully surprised at whatever delicious confection you discover!\r\n<h2 id=\"tab2\" >A note about lunch</h2>\r\nUntil the mid-1960s, lunch was the big meal of the day in France. Fathers came home from work and children came home from school to sit to a four- or five-course meal prepared by the mother. After a two-hour break, everybody went back to their activities. Children still have a two-hour break from lunch, and many of them still go home. But with many women working outside the house, most active people spend much less time on their lunch break and don't have time to come home. They also eat more lightly at midday.","blurb":"","authors":[],"primaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":33695,"title":"French","slug":"french","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33695"}},"secondaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"tertiaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"trendingArticles":null,"inThisArticle":[{"label":"A note about breakfast","target":"#tab1"},{"label":"A note about lunch","target":"#tab2"}],"relatedArticles":{"fromBook":[],"fromCategory":[{"articleId":295896,"title":"French Workbook For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"french-workbook-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","french"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/295896"}},{"articleId":208557,"title":"French For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"french-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","french"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/208557"}},{"articleId":208489,"title":"Intermediate French For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"intermediate-french-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","french"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/208489"}},{"articleId":208461,"title":"French Verbs For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"french-verbs-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","french"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/208461"}},{"articleId":208221,"title":"French All-in-One For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"french-all-in-one-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","french"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/208221"}}]},"hasRelatedBookFromSearch":false,"relatedBook":{"bookId":0,"slug":null,"isbn":null,"categoryList":null,"amazon":null,"image":null,"title":null,"testBankPinActivationLink":null,"bookOutOfPrint":false,"authorsInfo":null,"authors":null,"_links":null},"collections":[],"articleAds":{"footerAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;academics-the-arts&quot;,&quot;language-language-arts&quot;,&quot;learning-languages&quot;,&quot;french&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[null]}]\" id=\"du-slot-64d1072f5dc12\"></div></div>","rightAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_right_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_right_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;academics-the-arts&quot;,&quot;language-language-arts&quot;,&quot;learning-languages&quot;,&quot;french&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[null]}]\" id=\"du-slot-64d1072f5e2af\"></div></div>"},"articleType":{"articleType":"Articles","articleList":null,"content":null,"videoInfo":{"videoId":null,"name":null,"accountId":null,"playerId":null,"thumbnailUrl":null,"description":null,"uploadDate":null}},"sponsorship":{"sponsorshipPage":false,"backgroundImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"brandingLine":"","brandingLink":"","brandingLogo":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"sponsorAd":"","sponsorEbookTitle":"","sponsorEbookLink":"","sponsorEbookImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0}},"primaryLearningPath":"Explore","lifeExpectancy":"Five years","lifeExpectancySetFrom":"2024-08-07T00:00:00+00:00","dummiesForKids":"no","sponsoredContent":"no","adInfo":"","adPairKey":[]},"status":"publish","visibility":"public","articleId":200181},{"headers":{"creationTime":"2017-03-26T23:09:36+00:00","modifiedTime":"2024-07-14T13:38:41+00:00","timestamp":"2024-07-14T15:01:03+00:00"},"data":{"breadcrumbs":[{"name":"Academics & The Arts","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33662"},"slug":"academics-the-arts","categoryId":33662},{"name":"Language & Language Arts","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33687"},"slug":"language-language-arts","categoryId":33687},{"name":"Learning Languages","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33689"},"slug":"learning-languages","categoryId":33689},{"name":"Spanish","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33705"},"slug":"spanish","categoryId":33705}],"title":"How to Pronounce the Spanish Alphabet","strippedTitle":"how to pronounce the spanish alphabet","slug":"reciting-the-spanish-alphabet","canonicalUrl":"","检字段擎整合":{"metaDescription":"The Spanish and English alphabets are almost identical, with just a few exceptions. The Spanish alphabet includes all of the letters in the English alphabet but","noIndex":0,"noFollow":0},"content":"The Spanish and English alphabets are almost identical, with just a few exceptions. The <a href=\"//coursofppt.com/languages/spanish/spanish-for-dummies-cheat-sheet/\">Spanish</a> alphabet includes all of the letters in the English alphabet but it adds <b>ñ</b> <i>(</i><i><u>eh</u></i><i>-nyeh)</i>, and sometimes the double letters <b>ch</b> <i>(cheh)</i>, <b>ll</b> <i>(ye)</i>, and <b>rr</b> (a trilled <i>r</i>)<i> </i>are treated as one letter.\r\n\r\nWhen you’re speaking to a native Spanish speaker, correct pronunciation is key to avoiding misunderstandings. The names of the letters in Spanish are pronounced one way, while they have their own sounds within a word (the sounds within a word are generally the same sounds as in English).\r\n\r\n<div class=\"x2 x2-top\">\r\n\r\n<div class=\"video-player-organism\"></div>\r\n\r\n</div>\r\n\r\nHere is the Spanish alphabet and how to say the individual letters:\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>a</b> <i>(ah)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>b</b> <i>(bveh)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>c</b> <i>(seh)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>d</b> <i>(deh)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>e</b> <i>(eh)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>f</b> <i>(</i><i><u>eh</u></i><i>-feh)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>g</b> <i>(Heh)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>h</b> <i>(</i><i><u>ah</u></i><i>-cheh)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>i</b> <i>(ee)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>j</b> <i>(</i><i><u>Hoh</u></i><i>-tah)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>k</b> <i>(kah)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>l</b> <i>(</i><i><u>eh</u></i><i>-leh)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>m</b> <i>(</i><i><u>eh</u></i><i>-meh)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>n</b> <i>(</i><i><u>eh</u></i><i>-neh)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>ñ</b> <i>(</i><i><u>eh</u></i><i>-nyeh)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>o</b> <i>(oh)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>p</b> <i>(peh)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>q</b> <i>(koo)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>r</b> <i>(</i><i><u>eh</u></i><i>-reh)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>s</b> <i>(</i><i><u>eh</u></i><i>-seh)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>t</b> <i>(teh)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>u</b> <i>(oo)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>v</b> <i>(bveh)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>w</b> <i>(</i><i><u>doh</u></i><i>-bleh bveh) (bveh </i><i><u>doh</u></i><i>-bvleh</i> [Spain])</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>x</b> <i>(</i><i><u>eh</u></i><i>-kees)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>y</b> <i>(ee</i><i>-</i><i>gree</i><i>-</i><i><u>eh</u></i><i>-gah)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>z</b> <i>(</i><i><u>seh</u></i><i>-tah)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>","description":"The Spanish and English alphabets are almost identical, with just a few exceptions. The <a href=\"//coursofppt.com/languages/spanish/spanish-for-dummies-cheat-sheet/\">Spanish</a> alphabet includes all of the letters in the English alphabet but it adds <b>ñ</b> <i>(</i><i><u>eh</u></i><i>-nyeh)</i>, and sometimes the double letters <b>ch</b> <i>(cheh)</i>, <b>ll</b> <i>(ye)</i>, and <b>rr</b> (a trilled <i>r</i>)<i> </i>are treated as one letter.\r\n\r\nWhen you’re speaking to a native Spanish speaker, correct pronunciation is key to avoiding misunderstandings. The names of the letters in Spanish are pronounced one way, while they have their own sounds within a word (the sounds within a word are generally the same sounds as in English).\r\n\r\n<div class=\"x2 x2-top\">\r\n\r\n<div class=\"video-player-organism\"></div>\r\n\r\n</div>\r\n\r\nHere is the Spanish alphabet and how to say the individual letters:\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>a</b> <i>(ah)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>b</b> <i>(bveh)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>c</b> <i>(seh)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>d</b> <i>(deh)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>e</b> <i>(eh)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>f</b> <i>(</i><i><u>eh</u></i><i>-feh)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>g</b> <i>(Heh)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>h</b> <i>(</i><i><u>ah</u></i><i>-cheh)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>i</b> <i>(ee)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>j</b> <i>(</i><i><u>Hoh</u></i><i>-tah)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>k</b> <i>(kah)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>l</b> <i>(</i><i><u>eh</u></i><i>-leh)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>m</b> <i>(</i><i><u>eh</u></i><i>-meh)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>n</b> <i>(</i><i><u>eh</u></i><i>-neh)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>ñ</b> <i>(</i><i><u>eh</u></i><i>-nyeh)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>o</b> <i>(oh)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>p</b> <i>(peh)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>q</b> <i>(koo)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>r</b> <i>(</i><i><u>eh</u></i><i>-reh)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>s</b> <i>(</i><i><u>eh</u></i><i>-seh)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>t</b> <i>(teh)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>u</b> <i>(oo)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>v</b> <i>(bveh)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>w</b> <i>(</i><i><u>doh</u></i><i>-bleh bveh) (bveh </i><i><u>doh</u></i><i>-bvleh</i> [Spain])</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>x</b> <i>(</i><i><u>eh</u></i><i>-kees)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>y</b> <i>(ee</i><i>-</i><i>gree</i><i>-</i><i><u>eh</u></i><i>-gah)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>z</b> <i>(</i><i><u>seh</u></i><i>-tah)</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>","blurb":"","authors":[],"primaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":33705,"title":"Spanish","slug":"spanish","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33705"}},"secondaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"tertiaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"trendingArticles":null,"inThisArticle":[],"relatedArticles":{"fromBook":[],"fromCategory":[{"articleId":295744,"title":"Spanish Workbook For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"spanish-workbook-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","spanish"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/295744"}},{"articleId":210364,"title":"Spanish 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Sheet","slug":"spanish-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","spanish"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/208766"}}]},"hasRelatedBookFromSearch":false,"relatedBook":{"bookId":0,"slug":null,"isbn":null,"categoryList":null,"amazon":null,"image":null,"title":null,"testBankPinActivationLink":null,"bookOutOfPrint":false,"authorsInfo":null,"authors":null,"_links":null},"collections":[],"articleAds":{"footerAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;academics-the-arts&quot;,&quot;language-language-arts&quot;,&quot;learning-languages&quot;,&quot;spanish&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[null]}]\" id=\"du-slot-64b1632f5f098\"></div></div>","rightAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_right_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_right_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;academics-the-arts&quot;,&quot;language-language-arts&quot;,&quot;learning-languages&quot;,&quot;spanish&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[null]}]\" id=\"du-slot-64b1632f5f941\"></div></div>"},"articleType":{"articleType":"Videos","articleList":null,"content":null,"videoInfo":{"videoId":"695702954001","name":"The Spanish Alphabet","accountId":"622696558001","playerId":"default","thumbnailUrl":"//cf-images.us-east-1.prod.boltdns.net/v1/static/622696558001/2ab9efc8-653a-42e1-b7cf-23f9c7f44856/c5c827aa-9dfa-4777-910b-ee534a2cd5e6/160x90/match/image.jpg","description":"Correct Spanish pronunciation begins with the Spanish alphabet. Although the letters look the same, they are pronounced differently in Spanish. Practice pronouncing the letters as you hear consonants and vowels in this video tutorial.","uploadDate":"2023-06-30T16:05:11.295Z"}},"sponsorship":{"sponsorshipPage":false,"backgroundImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"brandingLine":"","brandingLink":"","brandingLogo":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"sponsorAd":"","sponsorEbookTitle":"","sponsorEbookLink":"","sponsorEbookImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0}},"primaryLearningPath":"Advance","lifeExpectancy":"Five years","lifeExpectancySetFrom":"2024-07-13T00:00:00+00:00","dummiesForKids":"no","sponsoredContent":"no","adInfo":"","adPairKey":[]},"status":"publish","visibility":"public","articleId":202765},{"headers":{"creationTime":"2017-03-26T23:09:03+00:00","modifiedTime":"2024-07-14T13:37:34+00:00","timestamp":"2024-07-14T15:01:03+00:00"},"data":{"breadcrumbs":[{"name":"Academics & The Arts","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33662"},"slug":"academics-the-arts","categoryId":33662},{"name":"Language & Language Arts","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33687"},"slug":"language-language-arts","categoryId":33687},{"name":"Learning Languages","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33689"},"slug":"learning-languages","categoryId":33689},{"name":"Spanish","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33705"},"slug":"spanish","categoryId":33705}],"title":"Pronouncing Consonants in Spanish","strippedTitle":"pronouncing consonants in spanish","slug":"pronouncing-consonants-in-spanish","canonicalUrl":"","检字段擎整合":{"metaDescription":"In general, consonants tend to sound the same in English and Spanish when they are spoken within a word. But you’ll find a few differences in how certain conson","noIndex":0,"noFollow":0},"content":"In general, consonants tend to sound the same in English and Spanish when they are spoken within a word. But you’ll find a few differences in how certain consonants are pronounced in Spanish. Sometimes two letters have the same sound; other times one letter can be pronounced two ways. And in one instance, a letter is always silent! The following sections cover letters that may trip you up.\r\n<div class=\"x2 x2-top\">\r\n\r\n<div class=\"video-player-organism\"></div>\r\n\r\n</div>\r\n<h2 id=\"tab1\" >B and V: They share a sound</h2>\r\nThe consonants <b>b</b> and <b>v</b> are pronounced the same, the sound being somewhere between the two letters. This in-between pronunciation is a fuzzy, bland sound — closer to <b>v</b> than to <b>b</b>. If you position your lips and teeth to make a <i>v</i> sound, and then try to make a <i>b</i> sound, you’ll have it. To remind you to make this sound, the letter combination of <i>bv</i> is used in the pronunciation brackets for the sounds for both <b>b</b> and <b>v</b>:\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>bulevar</b> <i>(bvoo-leh-</i><i><u>bvahr</u></i><i>)</i> (boulevard)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>verbo</b> <i>(</i><i><u>bve</u></i><i><u>hr</u></i><i>-</i><i>boh</i><i>)</i> (verb)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<h2 id=\"tab2\" >C: The sound depends on the vowel</h2>\r\nYou can pronounce the consonant <b>c</b> in two ways, just like you can in English. It all depends on what letter follows it. A <b>c</b> in front of the vowels <b>a</b>, <b>o</b>, or <b>u</b> or any consonant but <b>h </b>sounds like the English <b>k</b>. The letter <i>k</i> designates this sound the pronunciation brackets:\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>colocar</b> <i>(</i><i>koh-loh-</i><i><u>kahr</u></i><i>)</i> (to put)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>ocaso</b><i> (oh-</i><i><u>kah</u></i><i>-soh)</i> (sunset)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\nWhen the letter <b>c</b> is in front of the vowels <b>e</b> or <b>i</b>, it sounds like the English <b>s</b>. In the pronunciation brackets, this sound is signaled as <i>s</i>:\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>acero</b> <i>(ah-</i><i><u>seh</u></i><i>-roh)</i> (steel)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>dulce</b> <i>(</i><i><u>dool</u></i><i>-seh</i><i>)</i> (sweet)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<h2 id=\"tab3\" >G: One letter, two sounds</h2>\r\nThe letter <b>g</b> has multiple personalities. When you combine <b>g</b> with a consonant or when you see it in front of the vowels <b>a</b>, <b>o</b>, and <b>u</b>, it sounds like the <b>g</b> in <i>goose</i>:\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>begonia</b> <i>(bveh-</i><i><u>goh</u></i><i>-neeah)</i> (begonia)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>gato</b> <i>(</i><i><u>gah</u></i><i>-toh)</i> (cat)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\nThe <b>g</b> changes personality in front of the vowels <b>e</b> and <b>i</b>. It sounds like the Spanish <b>j</b> (or the English <b>h</b>), which is signaled by the capital <i>H</i> in the pronunciation brackets:\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>agenda</b> <i>(ah-</i><i><u>Hehn</u></i><i>-dah)</i> (agenda)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>gerente</b> <i>(Heh-</i><i><u>rehn</u></i><i>-teh)</i> (manager)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\nTo hear the sound <b>g</b> (as in <i>goat</i>) in front of the vowels <b>e</b> and <b>i</b>, you must insert a <b>u</b>, making <b>gue</b><b>-</b> and <b>gui</b><b>-</b>. To remind you to make the goat sound (not <i>mmehehe</i>, but <i>g</i>), you’ll see <i>gh</i> in the pronunciation brackets:\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>guía</b> <i>(gheeah)</i> (guide)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>guerra</b> <i>(</i><i><u>gheh</u></i><i>-rrah)</i> (war)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<h2 id=\"tab4\" >H: Seen, but not heard</h2>\r\nIn Spanish, the letter <b>h</b> is always mute when it’s used in a word. That’s it!\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>hijo</b> <i>(</i><i><u>ee</u></i><i>-Hoh</i><i>)</i> (son)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>huevo</b> <i>(oo</i><i><u>eh</u></i><i>-bvoh)</i> (egg)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<h2 id=\"tab5\" >J: A bit of a tongue twister</h2>\r\nThe pronunciation of the consonant <b>j </b>sounds like a guttural <b>h</b>. To pronounce the letter <b>j</b><b> </b>within a word, say your <b>h</b>, but gently raise the back of your tongue, as if you’re saying <b>k</b>. Push the air out real hard, and you’ll get the sound. It's almost like gargling!\r\n\r\nA capital letter <i>H</i> within the pronunciation brackets signals this sound:\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Jijón</b> <i>(Hee-</i><i><u>Hohn</u></i><i>)</i> (the name of a city in Spain)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>tijera</b> <i>(tee-</i><i><u>Heh</u></i><i>-rah)</i> (scissors)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<h2 id=\"tab6\" >K: Rare, but mighty</h2>\r\n<p class=\"Remember\">In Spanish, the letter <b>k</b> is used only in words that have their origin in foreign languages. More often than not, this letter is seen in <b>kilo</b> <i>(</i><i><u>kee</u></i><i>-loh)</i>, meaning thousand. An example is <b>kilómetro</b> <i>(kee-</i><i><u>loh</u></i><i>-meh-troh)</i> (kilometer).</p>\r\n\r\n<h2 id=\"tab7\" >Q: Quirky, but common</h2>\r\nThe letter <b>q</b> is the substitute for <b>k</b> in Spanish. When the <b>k</b> sound is needed in front of the vowels <b>e</b> and <b>i</b>, it unfolds the letter combination <b>qu</b> (only a handful of Spanish words begin with <b>qua-</b> or <b>quo-</b>). The pronunciation of q is indicated by the letter <i>k</i> in pronunciation brackets:\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>paquete</b> <i>(pah-</i><i><u>keh</u></i><i>-teh)</i> (package)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>pequeño</b> <i>(peh-</i><i><u>keh</u></i><i>-nyoh)</i> (small)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<h2 id=\"tab8\" >S and Z: Two letters, one sound</h2>\r\nThe consonants <b>s</b> and <b>z</b> both sound like the English letter <b>s</b>. The letter <i>s</i> is used in the pronunciation brackets to signal this sound:\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>sorpresa</b> <i>(sohr-</i><i><u>preh</u></i><i>-sah)</i> (surprise)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>zarzuela</b> <i>(sahr-soo</i><i><u>eh</u></i><i>-lah)</i> (Spanish-style operetta)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>","description":"In general, consonants tend to sound the same in English and Spanish when they are spoken within a word. But you’ll find a few differences in how certain consonants are pronounced in Spanish. Sometimes two letters have the same sound; other times one letter can be pronounced two ways. And in one instance, a letter is always silent! The following sections cover letters that may trip you up.\r\n<div class=\"x2 x2-top\">\r\n\r\n<div class=\"video-player-organism\"></div>\r\n\r\n</div>\r\n<h2 id=\"tab1\" >B and V: They share a sound</h2>\r\nThe consonants <b>b</b> and <b>v</b> are pronounced the same, the sound being somewhere between the two letters. This in-between pronunciation is a fuzzy, bland sound — closer to <b>v</b> than to <b>b</b>. If you position your lips and teeth to make a <i>v</i> sound, and then try to make a <i>b</i> sound, you’ll have it. To remind you to make this sound, the letter combination of <i>bv</i> is used in the pronunciation brackets for the sounds for both <b>b</b> and <b>v</b>:\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>bulevar</b> <i>(bvoo-leh-</i><i><u>bvahr</u></i><i>)</i> (boulevard)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>verbo</b> <i>(</i><i><u>bve</u></i><i><u>hr</u></i><i>-</i><i>boh</i><i>)</i> (verb)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<h2 id=\"tab2\" >C: The sound depends on the vowel</h2>\r\nYou can pronounce the consonant <b>c</b> in two ways, just like you can in English. It all depends on what letter follows it. A <b>c</b> in front of the vowels <b>a</b>, <b>o</b>, or <b>u</b> or any consonant but <b>h </b>sounds like the English <b>k</b>. The letter <i>k</i> designates this sound the pronunciation brackets:\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>colocar</b> <i>(</i><i>koh-loh-</i><i><u>kahr</u></i><i>)</i> (to put)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>ocaso</b><i> (oh-</i><i><u>kah</u></i><i>-soh)</i> (sunset)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\nWhen the letter <b>c</b> is in front of the vowels <b>e</b> or <b>i</b>, it sounds like the English <b>s</b>. In the pronunciation brackets, this sound is signaled as <i>s</i>:\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>acero</b> <i>(ah-</i><i><u>seh</u></i><i>-roh)</i> (steel)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>dulce</b> <i>(</i><i><u>dool</u></i><i>-seh</i><i>)</i> (sweet)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<h2 id=\"tab3\" >G: One letter, two sounds</h2>\r\nThe letter <b>g</b> has multiple personalities. When you combine <b>g</b> with a consonant or when you see it in front of the vowels <b>a</b>, <b>o</b>, and <b>u</b>, it sounds like the <b>g</b> in <i>goose</i>:\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>begonia</b> <i>(bveh-</i><i><u>goh</u></i><i>-neeah)</i> (begonia)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>gato</b> <i>(</i><i><u>gah</u></i><i>-toh)</i> (cat)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\nThe <b>g</b> changes personality in front of the vowels <b>e</b> and <b>i</b>. It sounds like the Spanish <b>j</b> (or the English <b>h</b>), which is signaled by the capital <i>H</i> in the pronunciation brackets:\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>agenda</b> <i>(ah-</i><i><u>Hehn</u></i><i>-dah)</i> (agenda)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>gerente</b> <i>(Heh-</i><i><u>rehn</u></i><i>-teh)</i> (manager)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\nTo hear the sound <b>g</b> (as in <i>goat</i>) in front of the vowels <b>e</b> and <b>i</b>, you must insert a <b>u</b>, making <b>gue</b><b>-</b> and <b>gui</b><b>-</b>. To remind you to make the goat sound (not <i>mmehehe</i>, but <i>g</i>), you’ll see <i>gh</i> in the pronunciation brackets:\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>guía</b> <i>(gheeah)</i> (guide)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>guerra</b> <i>(</i><i><u>gheh</u></i><i>-rrah)</i> (war)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<h2 id=\"tab4\" >H: Seen, but not heard</h2>\r\nIn Spanish, the letter <b>h</b> is always mute when it’s used in a word. That’s it!\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>hijo</b> <i>(</i><i><u>ee</u></i><i>-Hoh</i><i>)</i> (son)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>huevo</b> <i>(oo</i><i><u>eh</u></i><i>-bvoh)</i> (egg)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<h2 id=\"tab5\" >J: A bit of a tongue twister</h2>\r\nThe pronunciation of the consonant <b>j </b>sounds like a guttural <b>h</b>. To pronounce the letter <b>j</b><b> </b>within a word, say your <b>h</b>, but gently raise the back of your tongue, as if you’re saying <b>k</b>. Push the air out real hard, and you’ll get the sound. It's almost like gargling!\r\n\r\nA capital letter <i>H</i> within the pronunciation brackets signals this sound:\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Jijón</b> <i>(Hee-</i><i><u>Hohn</u></i><i>)</i> (the name of a city in Spain)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>tijera</b> <i>(tee-</i><i><u>Heh</u></i><i>-rah)</i> (scissors)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<h2 id=\"tab6\" >K: Rare, but mighty</h2>\r\n<p class=\"Remember\">In Spanish, the letter <b>k</b> is used only in words that have their origin in foreign languages. More often than not, this letter is seen in <b>kilo</b> <i>(</i><i><u>kee</u></i><i>-loh)</i>, meaning thousand. An example is <b>kilómetro</b> <i>(kee-</i><i><u>loh</u></i><i>-meh-troh)</i> (kilometer).</p>\r\n\r\n<h2 id=\"tab7\" >Q: Quirky, but common</h2>\r\nThe letter <b>q</b> is the substitute for <b>k</b> in Spanish. When the <b>k</b> sound is needed in front of the vowels <b>e</b> and <b>i</b>, it unfolds the letter combination <b>qu</b> (only a handful of Spanish words begin with <b>qua-</b> or <b>quo-</b>). The pronunciation of q is indicated by the letter <i>k</i> in pronunciation brackets:\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>paquete</b> <i>(pah-</i><i><u>keh</u></i><i>-teh)</i> (package)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>pequeño</b> <i>(peh-</i><i><u>keh</u></i><i>-nyoh)</i> (small)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<h2 id=\"tab8\" >S and Z: Two letters, one sound</h2>\r\nThe consonants <b>s</b> and <b>z</b> both sound like the English letter <b>s</b>. The letter <i>s</i> is used in the pronunciation brackets to signal this sound:\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>sorpresa</b> <i>(sohr-</i><i><u>preh</u></i><i>-sah)</i> (surprise)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>zarzuela</b> <i>(sahr-soo</i><i><u>eh</u></i><i>-lah)</i> (Spanish-style operetta)</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>","blurb":"","authors":[],"primaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":33705,"title":"Spanish","slug":"spanish","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33705"}},"secondaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"tertiaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"trendingArticles":null,"inThisArticle":[{"label":"B and V: They share a sound","target":"#tab1"},{"label":"C: The sound depends on the vowel","target":"#tab2"},{"label":"G: One letter, two sounds","target":"#tab3"},{"label":"H: Seen, but not heard","target":"#tab4"},{"label":"J: A bit of a tongue twister","target":"#tab5"},{"label":"K: Rare, but mighty","target":"#tab6"},{"label":"Q: Quirky, but common","target":"#tab7"},{"label":"S and Z: Two letters, one sound","target":"#tab8"}],"relatedArticles":{"fromBook":[],"fromCategory":[{"articleId":295744,"title":"Spanish Workbook For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"spanish-workbook-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","spanish"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/295744"}},{"articleId":210364,"title":"Spanish Introductions","slug":"spanish-introductions","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","spanish"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/210364"}},{"articleId":209434,"title":"Spanish Verbs For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"spanish-verbs-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","spanish"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/209434"}},{"articleId":209154,"title":"Spanish All-in-One For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"spanish-all-in-one-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","spanish"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/209154"}},{"articleId":208766,"title":"Spanish For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"spanish-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","spanish"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/208766"}}]},"hasRelatedBookFromSearch":false,"relatedBook":{"bookId":0,"slug":null,"isbn":null,"categoryList":null,"amazon":null,"image":null,"title":null,"testBankPinActivationLink":null,"bookOutOfPrint":false,"authorsInfo":null,"authors":null,"_links":null},"collections":[],"articleAds":{"footerAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;academics-the-arts&quot;,&quot;language-language-arts&quot;,&quot;learning-languages&quot;,&quot;spanish&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[null]}]\" id=\"du-slot-64b1632f368d4\"></div></div>","rightAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_right_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_right_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;academics-the-arts&quot;,&quot;language-language-arts&quot;,&quot;learning-languages&quot;,&quot;spanish&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[null]}]\" id=\"du-slot-64b1632f3715e\"></div></div>"},"articleType":{"articleType":"Videos","articleList":null,"content":null,"videoInfo":{"videoId":"695702956001","name":"Spanish Consonants","accountId":"622696558001","playerId":"default","thumbnailUrl":"//cf-images.us-east-1.prod.boltdns.net/v1/static/622696558001/d683e936-6a52-4568-8c3c-5d3110a947e2/1230cea2-b0bd-42d3-80fd-397a49445df7/160x90/match/image.jpg","description":"All but a handful of consonants sound the same in Spanish as they do in English. This video guides you through the consonants that are pronounced or used differently in Spanish. Practice pronouncing the letters as you hear them.","uploadDate":"2023-06-30T16:05:41.342Z"}},"sponsorship":{"sponsorshipPage":false,"backgroundImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"brandingLine":"","brandingLink":"","brandingLogo":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"sponsorAd":"","sponsorEbookTitle":"","sponsorEbookLink":"","sponsorEbookImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0}},"primaryLearningPath":"Explore","lifeExpectancy":"Five years","lifeExpectancySetFrom":"2024-07-13T00:00:00+00:00","dummiesForKids":"no","sponsoredContent":"no","adInfo":"","adPairKey":[]},"status":"publish","visibility":"public","articleId":202687},{"headers":{"creationTime":"2017-03-26T23:08:55+00:00","modifiedTime":"2024-07-14T13:35:33+00:00","timestamp":"2024-07-14T15:01:03+00:00"},"data":{"breadcrumbs":[{"name":"Academics & The Arts","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33662"},"slug":"academics-the-arts","categoryId":33662},{"name":"Language & Language Arts","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33687"},"slug":"language-language-arts","categoryId":33687},{"name":"Learning Languages","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33689"},"slug":"learning-languages","categoryId":33689},{"name":"Spanish","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33705"},"slug":"spanish","categoryId":33705}],"title":"How to Pronounce Vowels in Spanish","strippedTitle":"how to pronounce vowels in spanish","slug":"how-to-pronounce-vowels-in-spanish","canonicalUrl":"","检字段擎整合":{"metaDescription":"The letters that are vowels in English are also vowels in Spanish, but they aren't always pronounced the same. Generally speaking, pronouncing vowels in Spanish","noIndex":0,"noFollow":0},"content":"<p>The letters that are vowels in English are also vowels in Spanish, but they aren't always pronounced the same. Generally speaking, pronouncing vowels in Spanish is a lot less complicated than pronouncing them in English.</p>\r\n<div class='x2 x2-top'><div class=\"video-player-organism\"></div></div>\r\n<p>You’re well aware that one vowel in English can have more than one sound. Look, for instance, at <i>fat</i> and <i>fate</i>. Both words have the vowel <b>a</b>, but they’re pronounced much differently from each other. The good news is that in Spanish, you always say the vowels one way, and one way only.</p>\r\n<p>If you want your Spanish to sound like a native’s, you have to concentrate on your vowels. They are</p>\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>a</b> <i>(ah)</i>: <b>atacar</b> <i>(ah-tah-</i><i><u>kahr</u></i><i>) </i>(attack)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>e</b> <i>(eh)</i>: <b>entender</b> <i>(ehn-</i><i><u>tehn</u></i><i>-</i><i>dehr</i><i>)</i> (to understand)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>i</b> <i>(ee)</i>: <b>vivir</b> <i>(bvee-</i><i><u>bveer</u></i><i>)</i> (to live)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>o</b> <i>(oh)</i>: <b>rojo</b><i> (</i><i><u>roh</u></i><i>-Hoh)</i> (red)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>u</b> <i>(oo)</i>: <b>cúrcuma</b><i> (</i><i><u>koor</u></i><i>-koo-mah)</i> (turmeric)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<p>Spanish sees each of these vowels by itself and makes other sounds by combining the vowels in twos, as in these examples:</p>\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>abuela</b> <i>(ah-bvoo</i><i><u>eh</u></i><i>-lah)</i> (grandmother)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>feo</b><i> (</i><i><u>feh</u></i><i>-oh)</i> (ugly)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>miércoles</b><i> (mee</i><i><u>ehr</u></i><i>-koh-lehs)</i> (Wednesday)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<p class=\"Remember\">The letter <b>y</b>, which can be either a consonant or vowel in English, is only used as a consonant in Spanish.</p>","description":"<p>The letters that are vowels in English are also vowels in Spanish, but they aren't always pronounced the same. Generally speaking, pronouncing vowels in Spanish is a lot less complicated than pronouncing them in English.</p>\r\n<div class='x2 x2-top'><div class=\"video-player-organism\"></div></div>\r\n<p>You’re well aware that one vowel in English can have more than one sound. Look, for instance, at <i>fat</i> and <i>fate</i>. Both words have the vowel <b>a</b>, but they’re pronounced much differently from each other. The good news is that in Spanish, you always say the vowels one way, and one way only.</p>\r\n<p>If you want your Spanish to sound like a native’s, you have to concentrate on your vowels. They are</p>\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>a</b> <i>(ah)</i>: <b>atacar</b> <i>(ah-tah-</i><i><u>kahr</u></i><i>) </i>(attack)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>e</b> <i>(eh)</i>: <b>entender</b> <i>(ehn-</i><i><u>tehn</u></i><i>-</i><i>dehr</i><i>)</i> (to understand)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>i</b> <i>(ee)</i>: <b>vivir</b> <i>(bvee-</i><i><u>bveer</u></i><i>)</i> (to live)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>o</b> <i>(oh)</i>: <b>rojo</b><i> (</i><i><u>roh</u></i><i>-Hoh)</i> (red)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>u</b> <i>(oo)</i>: <b>cúrcuma</b><i> (</i><i><u>koor</u></i><i>-koo-mah)</i> (turmeric)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<p>Spanish sees each of these vowels by itself and makes other sounds by combining the vowels in twos, as in these examples:</p>\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>abuela</b> <i>(ah-bvoo</i><i><u>eh</u></i><i>-lah)</i> (grandmother)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>feo</b><i> (</i><i><u>feh</u></i><i>-oh)</i> (ugly)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n <li><p class=\"first-para\"><b>miércoles</b><i> (mee</i><i><u>ehr</u></i><i>-koh-lehs)</i> (Wednesday)</p>\r\n </li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<p class=\"Remember\">The letter <b>y</b>, which can be either a consonant or vowel in English, is only used as a consonant in Spanish.</p>","blurb":"","authors":[],"primaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":33705,"title":"Spanish","slug":"spanish","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33705"}},"secondaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"tertiaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"trendingArticles":null,"inThisArticle":[],"relatedArticles":{"fromBook":[],"fromCategory":[{"articleId":295744,"title":"Spanish Workbook For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"spanish-workbook-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","spanish"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/295744"}},{"articleId":210364,"title":"Spanish Introductions","slug":"spanish-introductions","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","spanish"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/210364"}},{"articleId":209434,"title":"Spanish Verbs For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"spanish-verbs-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","spanish"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/209434"}},{"articleId":209154,"title":"Spanish All-in-One For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"spanish-all-in-one-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","spanish"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/209154"}},{"articleId":208766,"title":"Spanish For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"spanish-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["academics-the-arts","language-language-arts","learning-languages","spanish"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/208766"}}]},"hasRelatedBookFromSearch":false,"relatedBook":{"bookId":0,"slug":null,"isbn":null,"categoryList":null,"amazon":null,"image":null,"title":null,"testBankPinActivationLink":null,"bookOutOfPrint":false,"authorsInfo":null,"authors":null,"_links":null},"collections":[],"articleAds":{"footerAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;academics-the-arts&quot;,&quot;language-language-arts&quot;,&quot;learning-languages&quot;,&quot;spanish&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[null]}]\" id=\"du-slot-64b1632f2ed0d\"></div></div>","rightAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_right_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_right_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;academics-the-arts&quot;,&quot;language-language-arts&quot;,&quot;learning-languages&quot;,&quot;spanish&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[null]}]\" id=\"du-slot-64b1632f2f7b7\"></div></div>"},"articleType":{"articleType":"Videos","articleList":null,"content":null,"videoInfo":{"videoId":"695271962001","name":"Spanish Vowels","accountId":"622696558001","playerId":"default","thumbnailUrl":"//cf-images.us-east-1.prod.boltdns.net/v1/static/622696558001/76e7632b-fd1e-428a-b397-4b68c6b5f827/cfd58cf8-64b0-4518-877e-b55233ee42dc/160x90/match/image.jpg","description":"In Spanish, vowels don't change the way they are pronounced based on the other letters around them. 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