chơi xổ số keno trực tuyến

{"appState":{"pageLoadApiCallsStatus":true},"categoryState":{"relatedCategories":{"headers":{"timestamp":"2025-01-31T04:01:11+00:00"},"categoryId":33933,"data":{"title":"Hobby Farming","slug":"hobby-farming","image":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"breadcrumbs":[{"name":"Home, Auto, & Hobbies","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33809"},"slug":"home-auto-hobbies","categoryId":33809},{"name":"Hobby Farming","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33933"},"slug":"hobby-farming","categoryId":33933}],"parentCategory":{"categoryId":33809,"title":"Home, Auto, & Hobbies","slug":"home-auto-hobbies","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33809"}},"childCategories":[{"categoryId":33934,"title":"Beekeeping","slug":"beekeeping","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33934"},"image":{"src":"/img/background-image-2.fabfbd5c.png","width":0,"height":0},"hasArticle":true,"hasBook":true,"articleCount":205,"bookCount":2},{"categoryId":33935,"title":"Cattle","slug":"cattle","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33935"},"image":{"src":"/img/background-image-1.daf74cf0.png","width":0,"height":0},"hasArticle":true,"hasBook":true,"articleCount":4,"bookCount":1},{"categoryId":33936,"title":"Chickens","slug":"chickens","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33936"},"image":{"src":"/img/background-image-2.fabfbd5c.png","width":0,"height":0},"hasArticle":true,"hasBook":true,"articleCount":163,"bookCount":4},{"categoryId":33937,"title":"Goats","slug":"goats","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33937"},"image":{"src":"/img/background-image-1.daf74cf0.png","width":0,"height":0},"hasArticle":true,"hasBook":true,"articleCount":88,"bookCount":1},{"categoryId":33938,"title":"General Hobby Farming","slug":"general-hobby-farming","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33938"},"image":{"src":"/img/background-image-2.fabfbd5c.png","width":0,"height":0},"hasArticle":true,"hasBook":true,"articleCount":18,"bookCount":2}],"description":"Living off the land...and loving it! Learn how to create a healthy, happy environment for your animal friends, whether they're clucking, buzzing, or bleating.","relatedArticles":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles?category=33933&offset=0&size=5"},"hasArticle":true,"hasBook":true,"articleCount":478,"bookCount":10},"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33933"}},"relatedCategoriesLoadedStatus":"success"},"listState":{"list":{"count":10,"total":476,"items":[{"headers":{"creationTime":"2018-03-21T01:21:42+00:00","modifiedTime":"2024-09-05T14:21:49+00:00","timestamp":"2024-09-05T15:01:03+00:00"},"data":{"breadcrumbs":[{"name":"Home, Auto, & Hobbies","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33809"},"slug":"home-auto-hobbies","categoryId":33809},{"name":"Hobby Farming","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33933"},"slug":"hobby-farming","categoryId":33933},{"name":"Beekeeping","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33934"},"slug":"beekeeping","categoryId":33934}],"title":"Honey Bee Information Websites","strippedTitle":"honey bee information websites","slug":"honey-bee-information-websites","canonicalUrl":"","浏览手机搜字段擎SEO方案":{"metaDescription":"What in the world did anyone do before cyberspace? Not even the most determined library search of years gone by would have turned up the plethora of bee-related","noIndex":0,"noFollow":0},"content":"What in the world did anyone do before cyberspace? Not even the most determined library search of years gone by would have turned up the plethora of bee-related resources that are only a click away on the web. Just enter the word \"beekeeping\" or \"honey bees\" into any of the search engines, and you'll come up with hundreds (even thousands) of finds.\r\n\r\nLike all things on the Net, many of these sites tend to come and go. A few are outstandingly helpful. Some are duds. Others have ridiculous information that may lead you to trouble. Each of the following sites is worth a visit.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab1\" >Apiservices — Virtual beekeeping gallery</h2>\r\nThis European site, <a href=\"//www.apiservices.com/\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\">Apiservices</a>, is a useful gateway to scores of other beekeeping sites: forums, organizations, journals, vendors, conferences, images, articles, catalogs, apitherapy, beekeeping software, plus much more. It can be accessed in English, French, Spanish, and German and is nicely organized.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab2\" >The Barefoot Beekeeper</h2>\r\nAt the <a href=\"//www.biobees.com/\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\">Barefoot Beekeeper</a>, Phil Chandler offers lots of information on natural beekeeping and Top Bar hives, including a full set of plans and instructions on how to build your own Kenyan Top Bar hive.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab3\" >BeeHoo — The beekeeping directory</h2>\r\n<a href=\"//www.beehoo.com/\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\">BeeHoo</a> is a comprehensive international beekeeping directory has many helpful articles, information sheets, instructional guides, resources, photos, and links of interest for the backyard beekeeper. The site is viewable in English or in French and is definitely worthy of a bookmark.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab4\" >Beemaster Forum</h2>\r\nA popular international <a href=\"//www.beemaster.com/\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\">beekeeping forum</a> designed to entertain and educate anyone with an interest in bees or beekeeping. Here you can share images, send messages, and participate in live forums. This secure site is moderated and is completely family friendly. It was created and is maintained by hobbyist beekeeper John Clayton.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab5\" >Bee-Source.com</h2>\r\n<a href=\"//www.beesource.com/\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\">Bee-Source</a> includes a nicely organized collection of bee-related articles, resources, and links, and it features sections on bees in the news, editorials, an online bookstore, a listing of beekeeping suppliers, plans for building your own equipment, discussion groups, bulletin boards, and much more.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab6\" >Facebook — Top Bar Beekeeping</h2>\r\nTop Bar Beekeeping is a closed group on Facebook that has more than 3,200 members with more joining all the time. There are some lively discussions that can provide you with basic information and help you start thinking more about a subject. As with all Facebook pages, the information is mostly anecdotal, so checking things out is a must before you adapt any techniques being promoted.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab7\" >Mid-Atlantic Apiculture Research and Extension Consortium (MAARAC)</h2>\r\n<a href=\"//canr.udel.edu/maarec/\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\">MAARAC</a> is a research and extension consortium is packed with meaningful information for beekeepers worldwide. Download extension publications; find out more about videos, slide shows, software, and courses that are available from the organization; and read about honey-bee research currently underway. You can also discover important local beekeeping events planned in the Mid-Atlantic region and other national and international meetings of importance to beekeepers.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab8\" >National Honey Board</h2>\r\nThis nonprofit government agency supports the commercial beekeeping industry. The folks at <a href=\"//www.honey.com/\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\">NHB</a> are enormously helpful and accommodating. The well-designed site is a great source for all kinds of information about honey. You'll find articles, facts, honey recipes, and plenty of beautiful images.","description":"What in the world did anyone do before cyberspace? Not even the most determined library search of years gone by would have turned up the plethora of bee-related resources that are only a click away on the web. Just enter the word \"beekeeping\" or \"honey bees\" into any of the search engines, and you'll come up with hundreds (even thousands) of finds.\r\n\r\nLike all things on the Net, many of these sites tend to come and go. A few are outstandingly helpful. Some are duds. Others have ridiculous information that may lead you to trouble. Each of the following sites is worth a visit.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab1\" >Apiservices — Virtual beekeeping gallery</h2>\r\nThis European site, <a href=\"//www.apiservices.com/\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\">Apiservices</a>, is a useful gateway to scores of other beekeeping sites: forums, organizations, journals, vendors, conferences, images, articles, catalogs, apitherapy, beekeeping software, plus much more. It can be accessed in English, French, Spanish, and German and is nicely organized.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab2\" >The Barefoot Beekeeper</h2>\r\nAt the <a href=\"//www.biobees.com/\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\">Barefoot Beekeeper</a>, Phil Chandler offers lots of information on natural beekeeping and Top Bar hives, including a full set of plans and instructions on how to build your own Kenyan Top Bar hive.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab3\" >BeeHoo — The beekeeping directory</h2>\r\n<a href=\"//www.beehoo.com/\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\">BeeHoo</a> is a comprehensive international beekeeping directory has many helpful articles, information sheets, instructional guides, resources, photos, and links of interest for the backyard beekeeper. The site is viewable in English or in French and is definitely worthy of a bookmark.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab4\" >Beemaster Forum</h2>\r\nA popular international <a href=\"//www.beemaster.com/\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\">beekeeping forum</a> designed to entertain and educate anyone with an interest in bees or beekeeping. Here you can share images, send messages, and participate in live forums. This secure site is moderated and is completely family friendly. It was created and is maintained by hobbyist beekeeper John Clayton.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab5\" >Bee-Source.com</h2>\r\n<a href=\"//www.beesource.com/\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\">Bee-Source</a> includes a nicely organized collection of bee-related articles, resources, and links, and it features sections on bees in the news, editorials, an online bookstore, a listing of beekeeping suppliers, plans for building your own equipment, discussion groups, bulletin boards, and much more.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab6\" >Facebook — Top Bar Beekeeping</h2>\r\nTop Bar Beekeeping is a closed group on Facebook that has more than 3,200 members with more joining all the time. There are some lively discussions that can provide you with basic information and help you start thinking more about a subject. As with all Facebook pages, the information is mostly anecdotal, so checking things out is a must before you adapt any techniques being promoted.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab7\" >Mid-Atlantic Apiculture Research and Extension Consortium (MAARAC)</h2>\r\n<a href=\"//canr.udel.edu/maarec/\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\">MAARAC</a> is a research and extension consortium is packed with meaningful information for beekeepers worldwide. Download extension publications; find out more about videos, slide shows, software, and courses that are available from the organization; and read about honey-bee research currently underway. You can also discover important local beekeeping events planned in the Mid-Atlantic region and other national and international meetings of importance to beekeepers.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab8\" >National Honey Board</h2>\r\nThis nonprofit government agency supports the commercial beekeeping industry. The folks at <a href=\"//www.honey.com/\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\">NHB</a> are enormously helpful and accommodating. The well-designed site is a great source for all kinds of information about honey. You'll find articles, facts, honey recipes, and plenty of beautiful images.","blurb":"","authors":[{"authorId":9257,"name":"Howland Blackiston","slug":"howland-blackiston","description":" <p><b>Howland Blackiston</b> has been keeping bees for almost 40 years. He has appeared as an expert on CNBC, CNN, NPR, The Discovery Channel, Sirius Satellite Radio, and other broadcast outlets, and has written numerous articles on beekeeping. Howland has been a keynote speaker at conferences in more than 40 countries. ","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/9257"}}],"primaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":33934,"title":"Beekeeping","slug":"beekeeping","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33934"}},"secondaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"tertiaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"trendingArticles":null,"inThisArticle":[{"label":"Apiservices — Virtual beekeeping gallery","target":"#tab1"},{"label":"The Barefoot Beekeeper","target":"#tab2"},{"label":"BeeHoo — The beekeeping directory","target":"#tab3"},{"label":"Beemaster Forum","target":"#tab4"},{"label":"Bee-Source.com","target":"#tab5"},{"label":"Facebook — Top Bar Beekeeping","target":"#tab6"},{"label":"Mid-Atlantic Apiculture Research and Extension Consortium (MAARAC)","target":"#tab7"},{"label":"National Honey Board","target":"#tab8"}],"relatedArticles":{"fromBook":[],"fromCategory":[{"articleId":273597,"title":"Which Beehive Meets Your Needs?","slug":"which-beehive-meets-your-needs","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","beekeeping"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/273597"}},{"articleId":273591,"title":"The Flow Beehive","slug":"the-flow-beehive","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","beekeeping"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/273591"}},{"articleId":273586,"title":"The Apimaye Insulated Hive","slug":"the-apimaye-insulated-hive","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","beekeeping"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/273586"}},{"articleId":273581,"title":"What Makes a Queen Bee a Queen?","slug":"what-makes-a-queen-bee-a-queen","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","beekeeping"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/273581"}},{"articleId":273566,"title":"10 Honey Recipes","slug":"10-honey-recipes","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","beekeeping"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/273566"}}]},"hasRelatedBookFromSearch":false,"relatedBook":{"bookId":0,"slug":null,"isbn":null,"categoryList":null,"amazon":null,"image":null,"title":null,"testBankPinActivationLink":null,"bookOutOfPrint":false,"authorsInfo":null,"authors":null,"_links":null},"collections":[],"articleAds":{"footerAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;home-auto-hobbies&quot;,&quot;hobby-farming&quot;,&quot;beekeeping&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[null]}]\" id=\"du-slot-64f742af0cca7\"></div></div>","rightAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_right_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_right_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;home-auto-hobbies&quot;,&quot;hobby-farming&quot;,&quot;beekeeping&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[null]}]\" id=\"du-slot-64f742af0d51f\"></div></div>"},"articleType":{"articleType":"Articles","articleList":null,"content":null,"videoInfo":{"videoId":null,"name":null,"accountId":null,"playerId":null,"thumbnailUrl":null,"description":null,"uploadDate":null}},"sponsorship":{"sponsorshipPage":false,"backgroundImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"brandingLine":"","brandingLink":"","brandingLogo":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"sponsorAd":"","sponsorEbookTitle":"","sponsorEbookLink":"","sponsorEbookImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0}},"primaryLearningPath":"Explore","lifeExpectancy":"One year","lifeExpectancySetFrom":"2024-09-05T00:00:00+00:00","dummiesForKids":"no","sponsoredContent":"no","adInfo":"","adPairKey":[]},"status":"publish","visibility":"public","articleId":236224},{"headers":{"creationTime":"2017-03-26T15:44:36+00:00","modifiedTime":"2024-06-01T15:03:57+00:00","timestamp":"2024-06-01T18:01:02+00:00"},"data":{"breadcrumbs":[{"name":"Home, Auto, & Hobbies","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33809"},"slug":"home-auto-hobbies","categoryId":33809},{"name":"Hobby Farming","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33933"},"slug":"hobby-farming","categoryId":33933},{"name":"Beekeeping","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33934"},"slug":"beekeeping","categoryId":33934}],"title":"How To Build a Beeswax Solar Melter","strippedTitle":"how to build a beeswax solar melter","slug":"vital-stats-and-materials-list-for-the-solar-wax-melter","canonicalUrl":"","浏览手机搜字段擎SEO方案":{"metaDescription":"This article includes the materials and cut list for building a wooden and polycarbonate panel beeswax solar melter.","noIndex":0,"noFollow":0},"content":"When you extract honey from a hive, the wax cappings that you slice off represent your major wax harvest for the year. There's also the excess comb you remove during each routine inspection of a hive. Save all of this wax. You'll probably get 1 or 2 pounds of wax for every 100 pounds of honey that you harvest, plus whatever burr comb you remove.\r\n\r\nYou can melt down and clean this wax for all kinds of terrific uses, such as making candles, furniture polish, hand cream, lip balm, and so on. Pound for pound, wax is worth more than honey, so it's definitely worth a bit of effort to reclaim this prize and start some fun, bee-related craft projects!\r\n<h2 id=\"tab1\" >The solar wax melter</h2>\r\nThe solar wax melter (see the figure below) is a great way to render the beeswax to use for other purposes. Essentially, you melt the raw wax into a block that you can refine for various craft projects. And, best of all, this device is all natural, using no electricity — only the awesome power of the sun.\r\n\r\nFollowing, I provide the materials list, cut list, and instructions for building a solar beeswax melter.\r\n\r\n \r\n<div class=\"imageBlock\" style=\"width: 437px;\">\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"437\"]<img src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/357102.image0.jpg\" alt=\"\" width=\"437\" height=\"400\" /> ©Felix Freudzon, Freudzon Design[/caption]\r\n\r\n</div>\r\n<h2 id=\"tab2\" >Vital stats for the solar wax melter</h2>\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Size: </b>27-3/4 inches x 189/16 inches x 18-1/2 inches.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Capacity:</b> Depending on the size of the pan you use in the melter, this design should provide ample capacity to render up to 6 to 8 pounds of wax at a time.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Degree of difficulty:</b> The butt joinery is the simplest method for assembling wood, and this design has one straightforward dado cut. All in all, an easy build.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Cost: </b>Using scrap wood (if you can find some) would keep material costs of this design minimal, but even if you purchase the recommended wood, hardware, glazing, and fasteners, you can likely build this solar wax melter for less than $75. The most expensive single item is the greenhouse glazing.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<h2 id=\"tab3\" >Materials list for the solar wax melter</h2>\r\nThe following table lists what you'll use to build your solar wax melter. In most cases, you can substitute other lumber as needed or desired. I've included a few more screws and nails than you'll use. You might lose a few along the way — better to have a few extras on hand and save another trip to the hardware store.\r\n<table>\r\n<tbody>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td>1, 10' length of 1\" x 3\" knotty pine lumber</td>\r\n<td>A 2-pound size disposable aluminum loaf pan (approximately 8\" x\r\n4\" x 2\")</td>\r\n<td>60, #6 x 1-3/8\" deck screws, galvanized, #2 Phillips drive,\r\nflat-head with coarse thread and sharp point</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td>2, 4' x 4' sheets of 3/4\" exterior plywood</td>\r\n<td>A large, disposable aluminum roasting pan (approximately 17\" x\r\n14\" x 3\")</td>\r\n<td>8, 5/32\" x 1-1/8\" flat-head, diamond-point wire nails</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td></td>\r\n<td>1, 2' x 4' polycarbonate dual-wall 6mm greenhouse panel\r\n(available from greenhouse supply stores and sometimes found on\r\nonline auction sites like eBay)</td>\r\n<td></td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td></td>\r\n<td>A quart of flat black exterior paint (either latex or oil)</td>\r\n<td></td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td></td>\r\n<td>Optional: weatherproof wood glue</td>\r\n<td></td>\r\n</tr>\r\n</tbody>\r\n</table>\r\n<p class=\"Warning\">Use the recommended \"plastic\" (polycarbonate) glazing for the window. Not only does it work well, it also avoids all the potential dangers associated with fragile window glass. Keep in mind that this melter typically sits on the ground, and a playful child or bouncing pet could be seriously injured stepping on a glass top. Invest in safety and use the polycarbonate greenhouse panel. Its dual-wall design is also more effective at retaining heat than a single pane of glass.</p>\r\n\r\n<h2 id=\"tab4\" >Cut list for the solar wax melter</h2>\r\nThe following breaks down the solar wax melter into its individual components and provides instructions on how to cut those components.\r\n<p class=\"Remember\">Lumber in a store is identified by its <i>nominal</i> size, which is its rough dimension before it's trimmed and sanded to its finished size at the lumber mill. The actual finished dimensions are always slightly different from the nominal dimensions. For example, what a lumberyard calls <i>1 inch x 3 inch lumber</i> is in fact 3/4 inch x 2-1/2 inch.</p>\r\nThe Material column in the following table lists nominal dimensions and the Dimensions column lists the actual, final measurements.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab5\" >Floor assembly</h2>\r\n<table>\r\n<tbody>\r\n<tr>\r\n<th>Quantity</th>\r\n<th>Material</th>\r\n<th>Dimensions</th>\r\n<th>Notes</th>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td>3</td>\r\n<td>1\" x 3\" knotty pine</td>\r\n<td>6-1/2\" x 1\" x ¾\"</td>\r\n<td>These are the retaining cleats that hold the aluminum pans in\r\nposition.</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td>1</td>\r\n<td>3/4\" exterior plywood</td>\r\n<td>18-1/2\" x 15\" x 3/4\"</td>\r\n<td>This is the upper floor.</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td>1</td>\r\n<td>3/4\" exterior plywood</td>\r\n<td>15\" x 9-1/2\" x 3/4\"</td>\r\n<td>This is the front panel.</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td>1</td>\r\n<td>3/4\" exterior plywood</td>\r\n<td>15\" x 9-1/4\" x 3/4\"</td>\r\n<td>This is the lower floor.</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td>1</td>\r\n<td>3/4\" exterior plywood</td>\r\n<td>15\" x 6-3/4\" x 3/4\"</td>\r\n<td>This is the rear panel.</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td>1</td>\r\n<td>3/4\" exterior plywood</td>\r\n<td>15\" x 2-1/2\" x ¾\"</td>\r\n<td>This is the riser.</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td></td>\r\n</tr>\r\n</tbody>\r\n</table>\r\n \r\n<div class=\"imageBlock\" style=\"width: 540px;\">\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"540\"]<img src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/357090.image0.jpg\" alt=\"\" width=\"540\" height=\"400\" /> ©Felix Freudzon, Freudzon Design[/caption]\r\n<h2 id=\"tab6\" >Inclined side panels</h2>\r\n<table>\r\n<tbody>\r\n<tr>\r\n<th>Quantity</th>\r\n<th>Material</th>\r\n<th>Dimensions</th>\r\n<th>Notes</th>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td>2</td>\r\n<td>3/4\" exterior plywood</td>\r\n<td>27\" x 17-1/2\" x 10-1/4\" x ¾\"</td>\r\n<td>These are the inclined side panels.\r\nTo create an incline of approximately 15 degrees, the front edge of\r\nthe panel is 10-1/4\" high and the rear edge is 17-1/2\" high.</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td></td>\r\n</tr>\r\n</tbody>\r\n</table>\r\n<div class=\"imageBlock\" style=\"width: 535px;\">\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"535\"]<img src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/357091.image1.jpg\" alt=\"\" width=\"535\" height=\"323\" /> ©Felix Freudzon, Freudzon Design[/caption]\r\n\r\n<div class=\"imageCredit\"></div>\r\n</div>\r\n<div class=\"imageBlock\" style=\"width: 254px;\">\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"254\"]<img src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/357092.image2.jpg\" alt=\"\" width=\"254\" height=\"400\" /> ©Felix Freudzon, Freudzon Design[/caption]\r\n\r\n</div>\r\n<h2 id=\"tab7\" >Glazed top assembly</h2>\r\n<table>\r\n<tbody>\r\n<tr>\r\n<th>Quantity</th>\r\n<th>Material</th>\r\n<th>Dimensions</th>\r\n<th>Notes</th>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td>2</td>\r\n<td>1\" x 3\" knotty pine</td>\r\n<td>27-1/2\" x 2-1/2\" x 3/4\"</td>\r\n<td>These are the long rails of the frame.\r\nDado a 5/16\" wide by 3/8\" deep groove along the entire length of\r\nwhat will be the inside of each rail.\r\nPosition the bottom edge of the dado 1-1/2\" from what will be the\r\nbottom edge of the rail.</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td>2</td>\r\n<td>1\" x 3\" knotty pine</td>\r\n<td>18-1/2\" x 2-1/2\" x ¾\"</td>\r\n<td>These are the short rails of the frame.\r\nDado a 5/16\" wide by 3/8\" deep groove along the entire length of\r\nwhat will be the inside of each rail.\r\nPosition the bottom edge of the dado 1-1/2\" from what will be the\r\nbottom edge of the rail.</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td>1</td>\r\n<td>Polycarbonate dual-wall 6mm greenhouse panel</td>\r\n<td>28-1/8\" x 17-5/8\" x ¼\" (6mm)</td>\r\n<td>This is the window. Cut it to size using your table saw and a\r\ngeneral purpose blade.</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td></td>\r\n</tr>\r\n</tbody>\r\n</table>\r\n<div class=\"imageBlock\" style=\"width: 278px;\">\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"278\"]<img src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/357093.image3.jpg\" alt=\"\" width=\"278\" height=\"400\" /> ©Felix Freudzon, Freudzon Design[/caption]\r\n\r\n</div>\r\n<div class=\"imageCredit\">\r\n<h2 id=\"tab8\" >Putting it together</h2>\r\nAfter you've cut all the pieces of your solar wax melter, it's time to clear a good work space and put all this stuff together. You start with the floor of the solar wax melter and work your way to the top.\r\n<ol class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Attach the riser to the lower and upper floors.</p>\r\n<p class=\"child-para\">First use the deck screws and a power drill with a #2 Phillips head bit to attach the lower floor to the riser. Doing this is easiest with these elements of the floorboard assembly turned upside down on your work surface (the screws go through what will be the underside of the lower floorboard and into the lower edge of the vertical riser).</p>\r\n<p class=\"child-para\">This is a simple butt joint. Just line up the edges so that they're flush with each other.</p>\r\n<p class=\"child-para\">Now flip these two components right-side up on the worktable and use deck screws to attach the upper floorboard to the top edge of the vertical riser; just line up the edges so that they're flush with each other.</p>\r\n<p class=\"child-para\">Throughout the entire floor assembly, consider using a weatherproof wood glue in addition to the screws. It helps make the structure as strong as possible. Apply a thin coat of glue wherever the wooden parts are joined together (the exception is the glazed top, which you do <i>not</i> want to glue, just in case you need to replace the glazing).</p>\r\n<p class=\"child-para\">The screws will go in easier if you first drill a 7/64-inch hole in each spot you plan to place a screw. The pre-drilling also helps prevent the wood from splitting. Refer to the earlier figures to determine where the screws go.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Attach the cleats to the upper and lower floors.</p>\r\n<p class=\"child-para\">First use the nails and a hammer to attach the two cleats to the upper floorboard. Position the cleats flush with the front and side edges of the upper floorboard. You'll have a 2-inch gap left in the center (for the melted wax to flow through). A couple of nails per cleat will do the trick. See the following figure for the approximate placement of the nails.</p>\r\n<p class=\"child-para\">Now take the remaining cleat and attach it to the lower floorboard using the nails. To determine the exact placement, place your smaller disposable aluminum loaf pan on the bottom floor, as shown in the following figure. This helps you determine where to attach the cleat (the dimensions of these pans vary from brand to brand).</p>\r\n<p class=\"child-para\">The objective is to position this cleat so that the pan doesn't slide out of position. After all, it will be on a 15 degree incline. This pan collects the melting wax as it flows from the larger pan that sits on the upper floor. A couple of nails per cleat should the trick.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Attach the floor assembly to the front and rear vertical panels.</p>\r\n<p class=\"child-para\">Turn the entire floor assembly over and attach the front and rear vertical panels to the front and rear of the floor assembly. The large panel attaches to the lower floor, and the smaller panel attaches to the upper floor. Use deck screws to attach the panels to the floor assembly. The screws go through the lower and upper floors and into the edges of the vertical panels.</p>\r\n<p class=\"child-para\">These are simple butt joints. The edges of the pieces should be flush with each other. Precise placement isn't critical. Now flip the entire thing over again and proceed to the next step.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Attach the side panels to the floor assembly.</p>\r\n<p class=\"child-para\">Use deck screws to attach the floor assembly (which now includes the front and rear panels) to the side panels. The screws go through the side panels and into the edges of the floor assembly. Note that the floor assembly is tilted within the side panels so that gravity will do its trick and direct the melting wax into the collection pan.</p>\r\n<p class=\"child-para\">You'll make life a lot easier if you first pre-drill 7/64 -inch guide holes in the side panels. Lay a side panel on the workbench and then position the edge of the entire floor assembly on the side panel (just as it will go when screwed together). Use a pencil to trace the outline of the floor assembly's edges on the side panel.</p>\r\n<p class=\"child-para\">Do the same thing for the other side panel. Now drill the guide holes in the side panels. This little step makes it a lot easier to correctly align and attach the floor assembly within the two side panels. Otherwise it will be a hit or miss exercise.</p>\r\n<p class=\"child-para\">Use the following figure to determine the approximate placement of screws. The objective is to make sure that screws go into the edges of all the critical components of the floor assembly: rear panel, upper floor, riser, lower floor, and front panel.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Build the glazed top assembly.</p>\r\n<p class=\"child-para\">Use deck screws to attach one of the short rails to the two long rails. These are simple butt joints. You're essentially building a picture frame. Take care to align and match up the dado grooves; these are the channels into which the window panel fits. Use two screws per corner (avoid placing a screw where it may interfere with the dado groove).</p>\r\n<p class=\"child-para\">Now take the polycarbonate window panel and slide it into the dado grooves of the partially assembled frame. Assuming the glazed panel was cut perfectly \"square,\" it will square up the frame nicely.</p>\r\n<p class=\"child-para\">Using two deck screws per corner, attach the remaining short rail to the long rails. Again, be careful to avoid placing a screw where it may interfere with the dado groove and the newly installed window panel.</p>\r\n<p class=\"child-para\">Using screws (versus nails) allows you to remove the glazed panel at a later date, should it ever need replacing. For this reason, do <i>not</i> use wood glue on the glazed top assembly.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Paint all wooden surfaces matte black.</p>\r\n<p class=\"child-para\">To protect the wood and better retain solar heat, paint all the wood surfaces, inside and out, using a matte black exterior paint. Two or three coats will do the trick. Let each coat dry completely before adding the next.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Place the aluminum pans inside the solar wax melter.</p>\r\n<p class=\"child-para\">Cut a 2-inch-wide flap centered along one of the long sides of the large roasting pan (see the following figures). This hole and flap allow the melting wax to flow into the smaller pan below. The larger roasting pan sits on the inclined <i>upper</i> floor, with the cut-out flap aligned with the gap between the two retaining cleats. Fill the large pan with your wax cappings and other harvested comb.</p>\r\n<p class=\"child-para\">The smaller loaf pan sits on the <i>lower</i> floor, snug against the riser and aligned to collect the melting wax from the larger pan above.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Put the glazed top assembly on the solar wax melter.</p>\r\n<p class=\"child-para\">The removable top fits on and over the top of the wax melter (like a hat fits on a head). Position the entire unit so that the glazed top is exposed to the direct sun (facing south is best). Now all you need are some warm, sunny days and you'll soon have a lovely block of pure, natural beeswax. Time to make candles, furniture polish, and cosmetics!</p>\r\n\r\n<div class=\"imageBlock\" style=\"width: 372px;\">\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"372\"]<img src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/357097.image0.jpg\" alt=\"\" width=\"372\" height=\"400\" /> ©Felix Freudzon, Freudzon Design[/caption]\r\n\r\n</div>\r\n<div class=\"imageCredit\"></div></li>\r\n</ol>\r\n<div class=\"imageBlock\" style=\"width: 535px;\">\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"535\"]<img src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/357098.image1.jpg\" alt=\"\" width=\"535\" height=\"399\" /> ©Felix Freudzon, Freudzon Design[/caption]\r\n\r\n</div>\r\n</div>\r\n</div>","description":"When you extract honey from a hive, the wax cappings that you slice off represent your major wax harvest for the year. There's also the excess comb you remove during each routine inspection of a hive. Save all of this wax. You'll probably get 1 or 2 pounds of wax for every 100 pounds of honey that you harvest, plus whatever burr comb you remove.\r\n\r\nYou can melt down and clean this wax for all kinds of terrific uses, such as making candles, furniture polish, hand cream, lip balm, and so on. Pound for pound, wax is worth more than honey, so it's definitely worth a bit of effort to reclaim this prize and start some fun, bee-related craft projects!\r\n<h2 id=\"tab1\" >The solar wax melter</h2>\r\nThe solar wax melter (see the figure below) is a great way to render the beeswax to use for other purposes. Essentially, you melt the raw wax into a block that you can refine for various craft projects. And, best of all, this device is all natural, using no electricity — only the awesome power of the sun.\r\n\r\nFollowing, I provide the materials list, cut list, and instructions for building a solar beeswax melter.\r\n\r\n \r\n<div class=\"imageBlock\" style=\"width: 437px;\">\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"437\"]<img src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/357102.image0.jpg\" alt=\"\" width=\"437\" height=\"400\" /> ©Felix Freudzon, Freudzon Design[/caption]\r\n\r\n</div>\r\n<h2 id=\"tab2\" >Vital stats for the solar wax melter</h2>\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Size: </b>27-3/4 inches x 189/16 inches x 18-1/2 inches.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Capacity:</b> Depending on the size of the pan you use in the melter, this design should provide ample capacity to render up to 6 to 8 pounds of wax at a time.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Degree of difficulty:</b> The butt joinery is the simplest method for assembling wood, and this design has one straightforward dado cut. All in all, an easy build.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Cost: </b>Using scrap wood (if you can find some) would keep material costs of this design minimal, but even if you purchase the recommended wood, hardware, glazing, and fasteners, you can likely build this solar wax melter for less than $75. The most expensive single item is the greenhouse glazing.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<h2 id=\"tab3\" >Materials list for the solar wax melter</h2>\r\nThe following table lists what you'll use to build your solar wax melter. In most cases, you can substitute other lumber as needed or desired. I've included a few more screws and nails than you'll use. You might lose a few along the way — better to have a few extras on hand and save another trip to the hardware store.\r\n<table>\r\n<tbody>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td>1, 10' length of 1\" x 3\" knotty pine lumber</td>\r\n<td>A 2-pound size disposable aluminum loaf pan (approximately 8\" x\r\n4\" x 2\")</td>\r\n<td>60, #6 x 1-3/8\" deck screws, galvanized, #2 Phillips drive,\r\nflat-head with coarse thread and sharp point</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td>2, 4' x 4' sheets of 3/4\" exterior plywood</td>\r\n<td>A large, disposable aluminum roasting pan (approximately 17\" x\r\n14\" x 3\")</td>\r\n<td>8, 5/32\" x 1-1/8\" flat-head, diamond-point wire nails</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td></td>\r\n<td>1, 2' x 4' polycarbonate dual-wall 6mm greenhouse panel\r\n(available from greenhouse supply stores and sometimes found on\r\nonline auction sites like eBay)</td>\r\n<td></td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td></td>\r\n<td>A quart of flat black exterior paint (either latex or oil)</td>\r\n<td></td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td></td>\r\n<td>Optional: weatherproof wood glue</td>\r\n<td></td>\r\n</tr>\r\n</tbody>\r\n</table>\r\n<p class=\"Warning\">Use the recommended \"plastic\" (polycarbonate) glazing for the window. Not only does it work well, it also avoids all the potential dangers associated with fragile window glass. Keep in mind that this melter typically sits on the ground, and a playful child or bouncing pet could be seriously injured stepping on a glass top. Invest in safety and use the polycarbonate greenhouse panel. Its dual-wall design is also more effective at retaining heat than a single pane of glass.</p>\r\n\r\n<h2 id=\"tab4\" >Cut list for the solar wax melter</h2>\r\nThe following breaks down the solar wax melter into its individual components and provides instructions on how to cut those components.\r\n<p class=\"Remember\">Lumber in a store is identified by its <i>nominal</i> size, which is its rough dimension before it's trimmed and sanded to its finished size at the lumber mill. The actual finished dimensions are always slightly different from the nominal dimensions. For example, what a lumberyard calls <i>1 inch x 3 inch lumber</i> is in fact 3/4 inch x 2-1/2 inch.</p>\r\nThe Material column in the following table lists nominal dimensions and the Dimensions column lists the actual, final measurements.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab5\" >Floor assembly</h2>\r\n<table>\r\n<tbody>\r\n<tr>\r\n<th>Quantity</th>\r\n<th>Material</th>\r\n<th>Dimensions</th>\r\n<th>Notes</th>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td>3</td>\r\n<td>1\" x 3\" knotty pine</td>\r\n<td>6-1/2\" x 1\" x ¾\"</td>\r\n<td>These are the retaining cleats that hold the aluminum pans in\r\nposition.</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td>1</td>\r\n<td>3/4\" exterior plywood</td>\r\n<td>18-1/2\" x 15\" x 3/4\"</td>\r\n<td>This is the upper floor.</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td>1</td>\r\n<td>3/4\" exterior plywood</td>\r\n<td>15\" x 9-1/2\" x 3/4\"</td>\r\n<td>This is the front panel.</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td>1</td>\r\n<td>3/4\" exterior plywood</td>\r\n<td>15\" x 9-1/4\" x 3/4\"</td>\r\n<td>This is the lower floor.</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td>1</td>\r\n<td>3/4\" exterior plywood</td>\r\n<td>15\" x 6-3/4\" x 3/4\"</td>\r\n<td>This is the rear panel.</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td>1</td>\r\n<td>3/4\" exterior plywood</td>\r\n<td>15\" x 2-1/2\" x ¾\"</td>\r\n<td>This is the riser.</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td></td>\r\n</tr>\r\n</tbody>\r\n</table>\r\n \r\n<div class=\"imageBlock\" style=\"width: 540px;\">\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"540\"]<img src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/357090.image0.jpg\" alt=\"\" width=\"540\" height=\"400\" /> ©Felix Freudzon, Freudzon Design[/caption]\r\n<h2 id=\"tab6\" >Inclined side panels</h2>\r\n<table>\r\n<tbody>\r\n<tr>\r\n<th>Quantity</th>\r\n<th>Material</th>\r\n<th>Dimensions</th>\r\n<th>Notes</th>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td>2</td>\r\n<td>3/4\" exterior plywood</td>\r\n<td>27\" x 17-1/2\" x 10-1/4\" x ¾\"</td>\r\n<td>These are the inclined side panels.\r\nTo create an incline of approximately 15 degrees, the front edge of\r\nthe panel is 10-1/4\" high and the rear edge is 17-1/2\" high.</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td></td>\r\n</tr>\r\n</tbody>\r\n</table>\r\n<div class=\"imageBlock\" style=\"width: 535px;\">\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"535\"]<img src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/357091.image1.jpg\" alt=\"\" width=\"535\" height=\"323\" /> ©Felix Freudzon, Freudzon Design[/caption]\r\n\r\n<div class=\"imageCredit\"></div>\r\n</div>\r\n<div class=\"imageBlock\" style=\"width: 254px;\">\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"254\"]<img src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/357092.image2.jpg\" alt=\"\" width=\"254\" height=\"400\" /> ©Felix Freudzon, Freudzon Design[/caption]\r\n\r\n</div>\r\n<h2 id=\"tab7\" >Glazed top assembly</h2>\r\n<table>\r\n<tbody>\r\n<tr>\r\n<th>Quantity</th>\r\n<th>Material</th>\r\n<th>Dimensions</th>\r\n<th>Notes</th>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td>2</td>\r\n<td>1\" x 3\" knotty pine</td>\r\n<td>27-1/2\" x 2-1/2\" x 3/4\"</td>\r\n<td>These are the long rails of the frame.\r\nDado a 5/16\" wide by 3/8\" deep groove along the entire length of\r\nwhat will be the inside of each rail.\r\nPosition the bottom edge of the dado 1-1/2\" from what will be the\r\nbottom edge of the rail.</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td>2</td>\r\n<td>1\" x 3\" knotty pine</td>\r\n<td>18-1/2\" x 2-1/2\" x ¾\"</td>\r\n<td>These are the short rails of the frame.\r\nDado a 5/16\" wide by 3/8\" deep groove along the entire length of\r\nwhat will be the inside of each rail.\r\nPosition the bottom edge of the dado 1-1/2\" from what will be the\r\nbottom edge of the rail.</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td>1</td>\r\n<td>Polycarbonate dual-wall 6mm greenhouse panel</td>\r\n<td>28-1/8\" x 17-5/8\" x ¼\" (6mm)</td>\r\n<td>This is the window. Cut it to size using your table saw and a\r\ngeneral purpose blade.</td>\r\n</tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td></td>\r\n</tr>\r\n</tbody>\r\n</table>\r\n<div class=\"imageBlock\" style=\"width: 278px;\">\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"278\"]<img src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/357093.image3.jpg\" alt=\"\" width=\"278\" height=\"400\" /> ©Felix Freudzon, Freudzon Design[/caption]\r\n\r\n</div>\r\n<div class=\"imageCredit\">\r\n<h2 id=\"tab8\" >Putting it together</h2>\r\nAfter you've cut all the pieces of your solar wax melter, it's time to clear a good work space and put all this stuff together. You start with the floor of the solar wax melter and work your way to the top.\r\n<ol class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Attach the riser to the lower and upper floors.</p>\r\n<p class=\"child-para\">First use the deck screws and a power drill with a #2 Phillips head bit to attach the lower floor to the riser. Doing this is easiest with these elements of the floorboard assembly turned upside down on your work surface (the screws go through what will be the underside of the lower floorboard and into the lower edge of the vertical riser).</p>\r\n<p class=\"child-para\">This is a simple butt joint. Just line up the edges so that they're flush with each other.</p>\r\n<p class=\"child-para\">Now flip these two components right-side up on the worktable and use deck screws to attach the upper floorboard to the top edge of the vertical riser; just line up the edges so that they're flush with each other.</p>\r\n<p class=\"child-para\">Throughout the entire floor assembly, consider using a weatherproof wood glue in addition to the screws. It helps make the structure as strong as possible. Apply a thin coat of glue wherever the wooden parts are joined together (the exception is the glazed top, which you do <i>not</i> want to glue, just in case you need to replace the glazing).</p>\r\n<p class=\"child-para\">The screws will go in easier if you first drill a 7/64-inch hole in each spot you plan to place a screw. The pre-drilling also helps prevent the wood from splitting. Refer to the earlier figures to determine where the screws go.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Attach the cleats to the upper and lower floors.</p>\r\n<p class=\"child-para\">First use the nails and a hammer to attach the two cleats to the upper floorboard. Position the cleats flush with the front and side edges of the upper floorboard. You'll have a 2-inch gap left in the center (for the melted wax to flow through). A couple of nails per cleat will do the trick. See the following figure for the approximate placement of the nails.</p>\r\n<p class=\"child-para\">Now take the remaining cleat and attach it to the lower floorboard using the nails. To determine the exact placement, place your smaller disposable aluminum loaf pan on the bottom floor, as shown in the following figure. This helps you determine where to attach the cleat (the dimensions of these pans vary from brand to brand).</p>\r\n<p class=\"child-para\">The objective is to position this cleat so that the pan doesn't slide out of position. After all, it will be on a 15 degree incline. This pan collects the melting wax as it flows from the larger pan that sits on the upper floor. A couple of nails per cleat should the trick.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Attach the floor assembly to the front and rear vertical panels.</p>\r\n<p class=\"child-para\">Turn the entire floor assembly over and attach the front and rear vertical panels to the front and rear of the floor assembly. The large panel attaches to the lower floor, and the smaller panel attaches to the upper floor. Use deck screws to attach the panels to the floor assembly. The screws go through the lower and upper floors and into the edges of the vertical panels.</p>\r\n<p class=\"child-para\">These are simple butt joints. The edges of the pieces should be flush with each other. Precise placement isn't critical. Now flip the entire thing over again and proceed to the next step.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Attach the side panels to the floor assembly.</p>\r\n<p class=\"child-para\">Use deck screws to attach the floor assembly (which now includes the front and rear panels) to the side panels. The screws go through the side panels and into the edges of the floor assembly. Note that the floor assembly is tilted within the side panels so that gravity will do its trick and direct the melting wax into the collection pan.</p>\r\n<p class=\"child-para\">You'll make life a lot easier if you first pre-drill 7/64 -inch guide holes in the side panels. Lay a side panel on the workbench and then position the edge of the entire floor assembly on the side panel (just as it will go when screwed together). Use a pencil to trace the outline of the floor assembly's edges on the side panel.</p>\r\n<p class=\"child-para\">Do the same thing for the other side panel. Now drill the guide holes in the side panels. This little step makes it a lot easier to correctly align and attach the floor assembly within the two side panels. Otherwise it will be a hit or miss exercise.</p>\r\n<p class=\"child-para\">Use the following figure to determine the approximate placement of screws. The objective is to make sure that screws go into the edges of all the critical components of the floor assembly: rear panel, upper floor, riser, lower floor, and front panel.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Build the glazed top assembly.</p>\r\n<p class=\"child-para\">Use deck screws to attach one of the short rails to the two long rails. These are simple butt joints. You're essentially building a picture frame. Take care to align and match up the dado grooves; these are the channels into which the window panel fits. Use two screws per corner (avoid placing a screw where it may interfere with the dado groove).</p>\r\n<p class=\"child-para\">Now take the polycarbonate window panel and slide it into the dado grooves of the partially assembled frame. Assuming the glazed panel was cut perfectly \"square,\" it will square up the frame nicely.</p>\r\n<p class=\"child-para\">Using two deck screws per corner, attach the remaining short rail to the long rails. Again, be careful to avoid placing a screw where it may interfere with the dado groove and the newly installed window panel.</p>\r\n<p class=\"child-para\">Using screws (versus nails) allows you to remove the glazed panel at a later date, should it ever need replacing. For this reason, do <i>not</i> use wood glue on the glazed top assembly.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Paint all wooden surfaces matte black.</p>\r\n<p class=\"child-para\">To protect the wood and better retain solar heat, paint all the wood surfaces, inside and out, using a matte black exterior paint. Two or three coats will do the trick. Let each coat dry completely before adding the next.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Place the aluminum pans inside the solar wax melter.</p>\r\n<p class=\"child-para\">Cut a 2-inch-wide flap centered along one of the long sides of the large roasting pan (see the following figures). This hole and flap allow the melting wax to flow into the smaller pan below. The larger roasting pan sits on the inclined <i>upper</i> floor, with the cut-out flap aligned with the gap between the two retaining cleats. Fill the large pan with your wax cappings and other harvested comb.</p>\r\n<p class=\"child-para\">The smaller loaf pan sits on the <i>lower</i> floor, snug against the riser and aligned to collect the melting wax from the larger pan above.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Put the glazed top assembly on the solar wax melter.</p>\r\n<p class=\"child-para\">The removable top fits on and over the top of the wax melter (like a hat fits on a head). Position the entire unit so that the glazed top is exposed to the direct sun (facing south is best). Now all you need are some warm, sunny days and you'll soon have a lovely block of pure, natural beeswax. Time to make candles, furniture polish, and cosmetics!</p>\r\n\r\n<div class=\"imageBlock\" style=\"width: 372px;\">\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"372\"]<img src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/357097.image0.jpg\" alt=\"\" width=\"372\" height=\"400\" /> ©Felix Freudzon, Freudzon Design[/caption]\r\n\r\n</div>\r\n<div class=\"imageCredit\"></div></li>\r\n</ol>\r\n<div class=\"imageBlock\" style=\"width: 535px;\">\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"535\"]<img src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/357098.image1.jpg\" alt=\"\" width=\"535\" height=\"399\" /> ©Felix Freudzon, Freudzon Design[/caption]\r\n\r\n</div>\r\n</div>\r\n</div>","blurb":"","authors":[{"authorId":9257,"name":"Howland Blackiston","slug":"howland-blackiston","description":" <p><b>Howland Blackiston</b> has been keeping bees for almost 40 years. He has appeared as an expert on CNBC, CNN, NPR, The Discovery Channel, Sirius Satellite Radio, and other broadcast outlets, and has written numerous articles on beekeeping. Howland has been a keynote speaker at conferences in more than 40 countries. ","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/9257"}}],"primaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":33934,"title":"Beekeeping","slug":"beekeeping","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33934"}},"secondaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"tertiaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"trendingArticles":null,"inThisArticle":[{"label":"The solar wax melter","target":"#tab1"},{"label":"Vital stats for the solar wax melter","target":"#tab2"},{"label":"Materials list for the solar wax melter","target":"#tab3"},{"label":"Cut list for the solar wax melter","target":"#tab4"},{"label":"Floor assembly","target":"#tab5"},{"label":"Inclined side panels","target":"#tab6"},{"label":"Glazed top assembly","target":"#tab7"},{"label":"Putting it together","target":"#tab8"}],"relatedArticles":{"fromBook":[{"articleId":208121,"title":"Building Beehives For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"building-beehives-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","beekeeping"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/208121"}},{"articleId":204882,"title":"How to Assemble Langstroth Frames","slug":"how-to-assemble-langstroth-frames","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","beekeeping"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/204882"}},{"articleId":171361,"title":"Choosing the Best Beehive Plan to Build","slug":"choosing-the-best-beehive-plan-to-build","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","beekeeping"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/171361"}},{"articleId":171360,"title":"Easy Steps for Building Any Beehive","slug":"easy-steps-for-building-any-beehive","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","beekeeping"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/171360"}},{"articleId":171359,"title":"Tools and Fasteners Used to Build a Beehive","slug":"tools-and-fasteners-used-to-build-a-beehive","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","beekeeping"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/171359"}}],"fromCategory":[{"articleId":273597,"title":"Which Beehive Meets Your Needs?","slug":"which-beehive-meets-your-needs","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","beekeeping"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/273597"}},{"articleId":273591,"title":"The Flow Beehive","slug":"the-flow-beehive","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","beekeeping"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/273591"}},{"articleId":273586,"title":"The Apimaye Insulated Hive","slug":"the-apimaye-insulated-hive","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","beekeeping"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/273586"}},{"articleId":273581,"title":"What Makes a Queen Bee a Queen?","slug":"what-makes-a-queen-bee-a-queen","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","beekeeping"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/273581"}},{"articleId":273566,"title":"10 Honey Recipes","slug":"10-honey-recipes","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","beekeeping"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/273566"}}]},"hasRelatedBookFromSearch":false,"relatedBook":{"bookId":282025,"slug":"building-beehives-for-dummies","isbn":"9781119544388","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","beekeeping"],"amazon":{"default":"//www.amazon.com/gp/product/1119544386/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","ca":"//www.amazon.ca/gp/product/1119544386/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","indigo_ca":"//www.tkqlhce.com/click-9208661-13710633?url=//www.chapters.indigo.ca/en-ca/books/product/1119544386-item.html&cjsku=978111945484","gb":"//www.amazon.co.uk/gp/product/1119544386/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","de":"//www.amazon.de/gp/product/1119544386/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20"},"image":{"src":"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/building-beehives-for-dummies-cover-9781119544388-204x255.jpg","width":204,"height":255},"title":"Building Beehives For Dummies","testBankPinActivationLink":"","bookOutOfPrint":true,"authorsInfo":"<p><p><b><b data-author-id=\"9257\">Howland Blackiston</b></b> has been keeping bees for almost 40 years. He has appeared as an expert on CNBC, CNN, NPR, The Discovery Channel, Sirius Satellite Radio, and other broadcast outlets, and has written numerous articles on beekeeping. Howland has been a keynote speaker at conferences in more than 40 countries.</p>","authors":[{"authorId":9257,"name":"Howland Blackiston","slug":"howland-blackiston","description":" <p><b>Howland Blackiston</b> has been keeping bees for almost 40 years. He has appeared as an expert on CNBC, CNN, NPR, The Discovery Channel, Sirius Satellite Radio, and other broadcast outlets, and has written numerous articles on beekeeping. Howland has been a keynote speaker at conferences in more than 40 countries. ","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/9257"}}],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/books/"}},"collections":[],"articleAds":{"footerAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;home-auto-hobbies&quot;,&quot;hobby-farming&quot;,&quot;beekeeping&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9781119544388&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-6478dcdec26b3\"></div></div>","rightAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_right_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_right_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;home-auto-hobbies&quot;,&quot;hobby-farming&quot;,&quot;beekeeping&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9781119544388&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-6478dcdec37a9\"></div></div>"},"articleType":{"articleType":"Articles","articleList":null,"content":null,"videoInfo":{"videoId":null,"name":null,"accountId":null,"playerId":null,"thumbnailUrl":null,"description":null,"uploadDate":null}},"sponsorship":{"sponsorshipPage":false,"backgroundImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"brandingLine":"","brandingLink":"","brandingLogo":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"sponsorAd":"","sponsorEbookTitle":"","sponsorEbookLink":"","sponsorEbookImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0}},"primaryLearningPath":"Explore","lifeExpectancy":"Five years","lifeExpectancySetFrom":"2024-05-31T00:00:00+00:00","dummiesForKids":"no","sponsoredContent":"no","adInfo":"","adPairKey":[]},"status":"publish","visibility":"public","articleId":170303},{"headers":{"creationTime":"2018-03-21T02:10:28+00:00","modifiedTime":"2024-05-18T17:36:37+00:00","timestamp":"2024-05-18T18:01:03+00:00"},"data":{"breadcrumbs":[{"name":"Home, Auto, & Hobbies","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33809"},"slug":"home-auto-hobbies","categoryId":33809},{"name":"Hobby Farming","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33933"},"slug":"hobby-farming","categoryId":33933},{"name":"Beekeeping","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33934"},"slug":"beekeeping","categoryId":33934}],"title":"What is Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD)?","strippedTitle":"what is colony collapse disorder (ccd)?","slug":"colony-collapse-disorder-ccd","canonicalUrl":"","浏览手机搜字段擎SEO方案":{"metaDescription":"In the autumn of 2006, a beekeeper in Florida filed the first report of a sudden and unexplained disappearance of his bees. They didn't die. They just packed up","noIndex":0,"noFollow":0},"content":"In the autumn of 2006, a beekeeper in Florida filed the first report of a sudden and unexplained disappearance of his bees. They didn't die. They just packed up and left. More reports of heavy losses (mostly from commercial migratory beekeepers) quickly followed. In subsequent years, beekeepers have reported losing anywhere from 30 percent to 90 percent of their hives.\r\n\r\nLike a firestorm, this tragedy has swept across nearly all of the United States as well as some countries overseas. It has affected both commercial beekeepers and hobbyists. It is a far-reaching problem that has serious consequences.\r\n\r\nColony collapse disorder (CCD) is characterized by the sudden and unexplained disappearance of all adult honey bees in the hive, usually in the fall. In one scenario, a few young bees and perhaps the queen may remain behind while the adults disappear. Or in another scenario, there may be no bees left in the hive. Honey and pollen are usually present, and there is often evidence of recent brood rearing. This abrupt evacuation is ordinarily highly unusual because bees are not inclined to leave a hive if there is brood present.\r\n\r\nAnother puzzling characteristic is that opportunists (such as robbing bees from other hives, wax moths, and small hive beetles) are slow to invade colonies experiencing CCD. There are no adult bees present to guard the hive and lots of goodies to loot, yet these invaders stay clear. Hmmm. What do they know that the beekeeper doesn't?\r\n<p class=\"article-tips remember\">Sometimes (rarely) bees abscond from a hive because conditions are too unpleasant to remain in the hive: too hot, too many pests, not enough food, no queen, and so on. But CCD is different from such absconding. Conditions don't appear to be unfavorable. And it's happening at an alarming rate.</p>\r\nColonies that experience CCD have the following characteristics:\r\n<ul>\r\n\t<li>All or nearly all of the bees pack up and leave within a two- to four-week time period. But there are no dead adult bodies.</li>\r\n\t<li>In some instances the queen and a small number of young-aged survivor bees are present in the brood nest. There are no or very few dead bees in the hive or at the hive entrances.</li>\r\n\t<li>Capped brood is left behind.</li>\r\n\t<li>There is stored pollen and capped honey.</li>\r\n\t<li>Empty hives are <em>not</em> quickly invaded by opportunists (robbing bees, wax moths, small hive beetles, and so on).</li>\r\n</ul>","description":"In the autumn of 2006, a beekeeper in Florida filed the first report of a sudden and unexplained disappearance of his bees. They didn't die. They just packed up and left. More reports of heavy losses (mostly from commercial migratory beekeepers) quickly followed. In subsequent years, beekeepers have reported losing anywhere from 30 percent to 90 percent of their hives.\r\n\r\nLike a firestorm, this tragedy has swept across nearly all of the United States as well as some countries overseas. It has affected both commercial beekeepers and hobbyists. It is a far-reaching problem that has serious consequences.\r\n\r\nColony collapse disorder (CCD) is characterized by the sudden and unexplained disappearance of all adult honey bees in the hive, usually in the fall. In one scenario, a few young bees and perhaps the queen may remain behind while the adults disappear. Or in another scenario, there may be no bees left in the hive. Honey and pollen are usually present, and there is often evidence of recent brood rearing. This abrupt evacuation is ordinarily highly unusual because bees are not inclined to leave a hive if there is brood present.\r\n\r\nAnother puzzling characteristic is that opportunists (such as robbing bees from other hives, wax moths, and small hive beetles) are slow to invade colonies experiencing CCD. There are no adult bees present to guard the hive and lots of goodies to loot, yet these invaders stay clear. Hmmm. What do they know that the beekeeper doesn't?\r\n<p class=\"article-tips remember\">Sometimes (rarely) bees abscond from a hive because conditions are too unpleasant to remain in the hive: too hot, too many pests, not enough food, no queen, and so on. But CCD is different from such absconding. Conditions don't appear to be unfavorable. And it's happening at an alarming rate.</p>\r\nColonies that experience CCD have the following characteristics:\r\n<ul>\r\n\t<li>All or nearly all of the bees pack up and leave within a two- to four-week time period. But there are no dead adult bodies.</li>\r\n\t<li>In some instances the queen and a small number of young-aged survivor bees are present in the brood nest. There are no or very few dead bees in the hive or at the hive entrances.</li>\r\n\t<li>Capped brood is left behind.</li>\r\n\t<li>There is stored pollen and capped honey.</li>\r\n\t<li>Empty hives are <em>not</em> quickly invaded by opportunists (robbing bees, wax moths, small hive beetles, and so on).</li>\r\n</ul>","blurb":"","authors":[{"authorId":9257,"name":"Howland Blackiston","slug":"howland-blackiston","description":" <p><b>Howland Blackiston</b> has been keeping bees for almost 40 years. He has appeared as an expert on CNBC, CNN, NPR, The Discovery Channel, Sirius Satellite Radio, and other broadcast outlets, and has written numerous articles on beekeeping. Howland has been a keynote speaker at conferences in more than 40 countries. ","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/9257"}}],"primaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":33934,"title":"Beekeeping","slug":"beekeeping","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33934"}},"secondaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":33612,"title":"Facebook","slug":"facebook","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33612"}},"tertiaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"trendingArticles":null,"inThisArticle":[],"relatedArticles":{"fromBook":[{"articleId":273597,"title":"Which Beehive Meets Your Needs?","slug":"which-beehive-meets-your-needs","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","beekeeping"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/273597"}},{"articleId":273591,"title":"The Flow Beehive","slug":"the-flow-beehive","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","beekeeping"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/273591"}},{"articleId":273586,"title":"The Apimaye Insulated Hive","slug":"the-apimaye-insulated-hive","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","beekeeping"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/273586"}},{"articleId":273581,"title":"What Makes a Queen Bee a Queen?","slug":"what-makes-a-queen-bee-a-queen","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","beekeeping"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/273581"}},{"articleId":273566,"title":"10 Honey Recipes","slug":"10-honey-recipes","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","beekeeping"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/273566"}}],"fromCategory":[{"articleId":273597,"title":"Which Beehive Meets Your Needs?","slug":"which-beehive-meets-your-needs","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","beekeeping"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/273597"}},{"articleId":273591,"title":"The Flow Beehive","slug":"the-flow-beehive","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","beekeeping"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/273591"}},{"articleId":273586,"title":"The Apimaye Insulated Hive","slug":"the-apimaye-insulated-hive","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","beekeeping"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/273586"}},{"articleId":273581,"title":"What Makes a Queen Bee a Queen?","slug":"what-makes-a-queen-bee-a-queen","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","beekeeping"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/273581"}},{"articleId":273566,"title":"10 Honey Recipes","slug":"10-honey-recipes","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","beekeeping"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/273566"}}]},"hasRelatedBookFromSearch":false,"relatedBook":{"bookId":281988,"slug":"beekeeping-for-dummies-5th-edition","isbn":"9781119702580","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","beekeeping"],"amazon":{"default":"//www.amazon.com/gp/product/1119702585/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","ca":"//www.amazon.ca/gp/product/1119702585/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","indigo_ca":"//www.tkqlhce.com/click-9208661-13710633?url=//www.chapters.indigo.ca/en-ca/books/product/1119702585-item.html&cjsku=978111945484","gb":"//www.amazon.co.uk/gp/product/1119702585/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","de":"//www.amazon.de/gp/product/1119702585/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20"},"image":{"src":"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/beekeeping-for-dummies-5th-edition-cover-9781119702580-203x255.jpg","width":203,"height":255},"title":"Beekeeping For Dummies","testBankPinActivationLink":"","bookOutOfPrint":true,"authorsInfo":"<p><p><b><b data-author-id=\"9257\">Howland Blackiston</b></b> has been keeping bees for almost 40 years. He has appeared as an expert on CNBC, CNN, NPR, The Discovery Channel, Sirius Satellite Radio, and other broadcast outlets, and has written numerous articles on beekeeping. Howland has been a keynote speaker at conferences in more than 40 countries.</p>","authors":[{"authorId":9257,"name":"Howland Blackiston","slug":"howland-blackiston","description":" <p><b>Howland Blackiston</b> has been keeping bees for almost 40 years. He has appeared as an expert on CNBC, CNN, NPR, The Discovery Channel, Sirius Satellite Radio, and other broadcast outlets, and has written numerous articles on beekeeping. Howland has been a keynote speaker at conferences in more than 40 countries. ","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/9257"}}],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/books/"}},"collections":[],"articleAds":{"footerAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;home-auto-hobbies&quot;,&quot;hobby-farming&quot;,&quot;beekeeping&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9781119702580&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-646667df358cb\"></div></div>","rightAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_right_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_right_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;home-auto-hobbies&quot;,&quot;hobby-farming&quot;,&quot;beekeeping&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9781119702580&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-646667df3617b\"></div></div>"},"articleType":{"articleType":"Articles","articleList":null,"content":null,"videoInfo":{"videoId":null,"name":null,"accountId":null,"playerId":null,"thumbnailUrl":null,"description":null,"uploadDate":null}},"sponsorship":{"sponsorshipPage":false,"backgroundImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"brandingLine":"","brandingLink":"","brandingLogo":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"sponsorAd":"","sponsorEbookTitle":"","sponsorEbookLink":"","sponsorEbookImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0}},"primaryLearningPath":"Advance","lifeExpectancy":"Five years","lifeExpectancySetFrom":"2024-05-18T00:00:00+00:00","dummiesForKids":"no","sponsoredContent":"no","adInfo":"","adPairKey":[]},"status":"publish","visibility":"public","articleId":236248},{"headers":{"creationTime":"2017-03-26T20:41:53+00:00","modifiedTime":"2024-04-27T18:38:47+00:00","timestamp":"2024-04-27T21:01:03+00:00"},"data":{"breadcrumbs":[{"name":"Home, Auto, & Hobbies","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33809"},"slug":"home-auto-hobbies","categoryId":33809},{"name":"Hobby Farming","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33933"},"slug":"hobby-farming","categoryId":33933},{"name":"Goats","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33937"},"slug":"goats","categoryId":33937}],"title":"Assess Your Goat's Health by Observing Rumination","strippedTitle":"assess your goat's health by observing rumination","slug":"how-to-assess-your-goats-health-by-observing-rumination","canonicalUrl":"","浏览手机搜字段擎SEO方案":{"metaDescription":"If you're new to raising goats in your effort to live sustainably, you may not know that rumination is a good indicator of your goat's health. Because ruminatio","noIndex":0,"noFollow":0},"content":"If you're new to raising goats in your effort to live sustainably, you may not know that rumination is a good indicator of your goat's health. Because rumination is an essential part of how goats digest food, you can use cud-chewing habits as an indicator of goat health.\r\n\r\nA ruminating goat is eating and generating heat and energy. You can determine whether a goat is ruminating in two ways: by looking for cud-chewing and by listening to the goat's body.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab1\" >Digestion</h2>\r\n<p class=\"TechnicalStuff\">Goats are <i>ruminants,</i> which means that they have four stomach compartments and part of their digestive process includes regurgitating partially digested food and chewing it, called ruminating. This kind of digestive system needs a plant-based diet.</p>\r\nThe goat stomach consists of three forestomachs — the <i>rumen</i>, <i>reticulum</i>, and <i>omasum</i> — and a true stomach, the abomasum<i>.</i> The forestomachs are responsible for grinding and digesting hay, with the help of bacteria. The last compartment, the abomasum, is similar to the human stomach and digests most proteins, fats, and carbohydrates.\r\n\r\nA goat's <i>rumen</i> is located on the left side of the abdomen. You can watch this area or feel the side of the abdomen for movement.\r\n<div class=\"imageBlock\" style=\"width: 535px;\">\r\n\r\n<img src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/246683.image0.jpg\" alt=\"The rumen is the largest of the forestomachs, with a 1- to 2-gallon capacity.\" width=\"535\" height=\"398\" />\r\n<div class=\"imageCaption\">The rumen is the largest of the forestomachs, with a 1- to 2-gallon capacity.</div>\r\n</div>\r\n<h2 id=\"tab2\" >Rumination Signs</h2>\r\nThe best way to determine whether a goat is ruminating and the strength and frequency of rumination is to listen. Often, ruminations are loud enough that you can hear them by just sitting next to the goat. If you can't hear them, put your head up to the left side of your goat's abdomen. If you still have trouble hearing ruminations, use a stethoscope. You can purchase an inexpensive stethoscope from a livestock supply catalog.\r\n<p class=\"Remember\">Healthy ruminations are loud, sound kind of like a growling stomach, and occur about two or three times a minute. If they are weak or infrequent, give your goat some roughage and <i>probiotics</i> (\"good\" microbes given orally that protect against disease) to stimulate the rumen and to add to the rumen bacteria.</p>\r\nLook around your herd to see whether each goat is chewing its cud. A good time for this is the early afternoon, when the goats are resting before their last go at the pasture for the day. Usually, at least two-thirds of them will be ruminating at the same time. Take a closer look at any goats that aren't chewing cud. If they don't look well in some other way, go up to them and listen for rumination sounds.","description":"If you're new to raising goats in your effort to live sustainably, you may not know that rumination is a good indicator of your goat's health. Because rumination is an essential part of how goats digest food, you can use cud-chewing habits as an indicator of goat health.\r\n\r\nA ruminating goat is eating and generating heat and energy. You can determine whether a goat is ruminating in two ways: by looking for cud-chewing and by listening to the goat's body.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab1\" >Digestion</h2>\r\n<p class=\"TechnicalStuff\">Goats are <i>ruminants,</i> which means that they have four stomach compartments and part of their digestive process includes regurgitating partially digested food and chewing it, called ruminating. This kind of digestive system needs a plant-based diet.</p>\r\nThe goat stomach consists of three forestomachs — the <i>rumen</i>, <i>reticulum</i>, and <i>omasum</i> — and a true stomach, the abomasum<i>.</i> The forestomachs are responsible for grinding and digesting hay, with the help of bacteria. The last compartment, the abomasum, is similar to the human stomach and digests most proteins, fats, and carbohydrates.\r\n\r\nA goat's <i>rumen</i> is located on the left side of the abdomen. You can watch this area or feel the side of the abdomen for movement.\r\n<div class=\"imageBlock\" style=\"width: 535px;\">\r\n\r\n<img src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/246683.image0.jpg\" alt=\"The rumen is the largest of the forestomachs, with a 1- to 2-gallon capacity.\" width=\"535\" height=\"398\" />\r\n<div class=\"imageCaption\">The rumen is the largest of the forestomachs, with a 1- to 2-gallon capacity.</div>\r\n</div>\r\n<h2 id=\"tab2\" >Rumination Signs</h2>\r\nThe best way to determine whether a goat is ruminating and the strength and frequency of rumination is to listen. Often, ruminations are loud enough that you can hear them by just sitting next to the goat. If you can't hear them, put your head up to the left side of your goat's abdomen. If you still have trouble hearing ruminations, use a stethoscope. You can purchase an inexpensive stethoscope from a livestock supply catalog.\r\n<p class=\"Remember\">Healthy ruminations are loud, sound kind of like a growling stomach, and occur about two or three times a minute. If they are weak or infrequent, give your goat some roughage and <i>probiotics</i> (\"good\" microbes given orally that protect against disease) to stimulate the rumen and to add to the rumen bacteria.</p>\r\nLook around your herd to see whether each goat is chewing its cud. A good time for this is the early afternoon, when the goats are resting before their last go at the pasture for the day. Usually, at least two-thirds of them will be ruminating at the same time. Take a closer look at any goats that aren't chewing cud. If they don't look well in some other way, go up to them and listen for rumination sounds.","blurb":"","authors":[{"authorId":10196,"name":"Cheryl K. Smith","slug":"cheryl-k-smith","description":" <p><b>Cheryl K. Smith</b> has raised a small herd of Nigerian Dwarf and Oberian dairy goats under the herd name Mystic Acres since 1998. She is the owner of karmadillo Press and is the author of <i>Goat Health Care, Goat Midwifery, The Best of Ruminations Goat Milk and Cheese Recipes,</i> and <i>Raising Goats: Some Essentials</i>.</p> ","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/10196"}}],"primaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":33937,"title":"Goats","slug":"goats","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33937"}},"secondaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"tertiaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"trendingArticles":null,"inThisArticle":[{"label":"Digestion","target":"#tab1"},{"label":"Rumination Signs","target":"#tab2"}],"relatedArticles":{"fromBook":[{"articleId":285579,"title":"10 Common Mistakes First-Time Goat Owners Make","slug":"10-common-mistakes-first-time-goat-owners-make","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/285579"}},{"articleId":285590,"title":"Goat Anatomy","slug":"goat-anatomy","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/285590"}},{"articleId":209109,"title":"Raising Goats For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"raising-goats-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/209109"}},{"articleId":206067,"title":"How to Trim a Goat's Hooves","slug":"how-to-trim-a-goats-hooves","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/206067"}},{"articleId":193166,"title":"Asking the Right Questions before Buying Goats","slug":"asking-the-right-questions-before-buying-goats","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/193166"}}],"fromCategory":[{"articleId":285579,"title":"10 Common Mistakes First-Time Goat Owners Make","slug":"10-common-mistakes-first-time-goat-owners-make","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/285579"}},{"articleId":285590,"title":"Goat Anatomy","slug":"goat-anatomy","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/285590"}},{"articleId":209109,"title":"Raising Goats For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"raising-goats-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/209109"}},{"articleId":206067,"title":"How to Trim a Goat's Hooves","slug":"how-to-trim-a-goats-hooves","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/206067"}},{"articleId":193166,"title":"Asking the Right Questions before Buying Goats","slug":"asking-the-right-questions-before-buying-goats","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/193166"}}]},"hasRelatedBookFromSearch":false,"relatedBook":{"bookId":282526,"slug":"raising-goats-for-dummies","isbn":"9781119772583","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"amazon":{"default":"//www.amazon.com/gp/product/1119772583/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","ca":"//www.amazon.ca/gp/product/1119772583/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","indigo_ca":"//www.tkqlhce.com/click-9208661-13710633?url=//www.chapters.indigo.ca/en-ca/books/product/1119772583-item.html&cjsku=978111945484","gb":"//www.amazon.co.uk/gp/product/1119772583/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","de":"//www.amazon.de/gp/product/1119772583/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20"},"image":{"src":"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/raising-goats-for-dummies-2nd-edition-cover-9781119772583-203x255.jpg","width":203,"height":255},"title":"Raising Goats For Dummies","testBankPinActivationLink":"","bookOutOfPrint":true,"authorsInfo":"<p><b><b data-author-id=\"10196\">Cheryl K. Smith</b></b> has raised a small herd of Nigerian Dwarf and Oberian dairy goats under the herd name Mystic Acres since 1998. She is the owner of karmadillo Press and is the author of <i>Goat Health Care, Goat Midwifery, The Best of Ruminations Goat Milk and Cheese Recipes,</i> and <i>Raising Goats: Some Essentials</i>.</p>","authors":[{"authorId":10196,"name":"Cheryl K. Smith","slug":"cheryl-k-smith","description":" <p><b>Cheryl K. Smith</b> has raised a small herd of Nigerian Dwarf and Oberian dairy goats under the herd name Mystic Acres since 1998. She is the owner of karmadillo Press and is the author of <i>Goat Health Care, Goat Midwifery, The Best of Ruminations Goat Milk and Cheese Recipes,</i> and <i>Raising Goats: Some Essentials</i>.</p> ","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/10196"}}],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/books/"}},"collections":[],"articleAds":{"footerAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;home-auto-hobbies&quot;,&quot;hobby-farming&quot;,&quot;goats&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9781119772583&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-644ae28f27edd\"></div></div>","rightAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_right_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_right_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;home-auto-hobbies&quot;,&quot;hobby-farming&quot;,&quot;goats&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9781119772583&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-644ae28f2857e\"></div></div>"},"articleType":{"articleType":"Articles","articleList":null,"content":null,"videoInfo":{"videoId":null,"name":null,"accountId":null,"playerId":null,"thumbnailUrl":null,"description":null,"uploadDate":null}},"sponsorship":{"sponsorshipPage":false,"backgroundImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"brandingLine":"","brandingLink":"","brandingLogo":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"sponsorAd":"","sponsorEbookTitle":"","sponsorEbookLink":"","sponsorEbookImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0}},"primaryLearningPath":"Explore","lifeExpectancy":"Five years","lifeExpectancySetFrom":"2022-06-20T00:00:00+00:00","dummiesForKids":"no","sponsoredContent":"no","adInfo":"","adPairKey":[]},"status":"publish","visibility":"public","articleId":188538},{"headers":{"creationTime":"2017-03-26T20:50:10+00:00","modifiedTime":"2023-09-01T17:51:16+00:00","timestamp":"2023-09-14T18:19:58+00:00"},"data":{"breadcrumbs":[{"name":"Home, Auto, & Hobbies","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33809"},"slug":"home-auto-hobbies","categoryId":33809},{"name":"Hobby Farming","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33933"},"slug":"hobby-farming","categoryId":33933},{"name":"Goats","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33937"},"slug":"goats","categoryId":33937}],"title":"How to Tell When Your Goat Will Kid","strippedTitle":"how to tell when your goat will kid","slug":"how-to-tell-when-your-goat-will-kid","canonicalUrl":"","浏览手机搜字段擎SEO方案":{"metaDescription":"As part of your sustainable lifestyle, you'll want to be able to handle the routine birth of goats without calling in a vet. As the time nears for your goat to ","noIndex":0,"noFollow":0},"content":"As part of your sustainable lifestyle, you'll want to be able to handle the routine birth of goats without calling in a vet. As the time nears for your goat to kid, you may get just as nervous as she does. She most likely can kid on her own, but you want to make sure that she has a clean, safe place to do so. Here are some tips on how to tell when your goat is getting close to kidding.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab1\" >Reading the ligaments</h2>\r\nA goat's rump is normally flat and solid, but as a doe gets to the end of pregnancy, that changes. Her tailbone becomes elevated, and the ligaments that connect it to her pelvis begin to stretch and loosen in preparation for the journey the kid (or kids) will make from her body. Sometimes you can tell that she will kid soon when you see a hollow on either side of the tail.\r\n\r\nOne of the best ways to identify an impending kidding is to feel the two tail ligaments located on each side of the tail. Feel a doe that isn't pregnant and you will notice that those ligaments are very firm. The same will be true of a doe that is pregnant but not ready to kid.\r\n\r\nWhen these ligaments begin to get soft, and then completely vanish, you know that the goat is due to kid within 24 hours. You may make a mistake the first few times you try to read the ligaments, but over time you find the technique to be almost foolproof.\r\n<div class=\"imageBlock\" style=\"width: 535px;\">\r\n\r\n<img src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/238589.image0.jpg\" alt=\"Check the ligaments on a goat to tell whether she is going to kid.\" width=\"535\" height=\"322\" />\r\n<div class=\"imageCaption\">Check the ligaments on a goat to tell whether she is going to kid.</div>\r\n</div>\r\nA few weeks before the doe is ready to kid, start feeling her ligaments routinely. One day you will find that they've turned to mush, and then you will know that it's time to put her in the kidding pen.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab2\" >Identifying other signs of impending kidding</h2>\r\nBesides softened ligaments, a doe will show other signs of kidding. Each doe might exhibit different signs, so keep an eye out for a change in behavior. Some other signs to look for include\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Isolation:</b> The doe stands off from the crowd, sometimes seeming \"spaced out.\"</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Mucus discharge:</b> You may observe some whitish or yellowish discharge on her vulva.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Firm, shiny udder: </b>Her udder may become tight and filled up, called <i>bagging up.</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Loss of appetite:</b> She may become uninterested in food.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Personality change:</b> She may start fighting with other goats or become overly friendly to you when she was previously standoffish.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Restlessness:</b> She may lie down, then get up, paw at the ground, and just seem uncomfortable.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\nWhen you have checked her ligaments and they're soft, or when you notice her exhibiting any or a combination of these signs around her due date, put her in the kidding pen, give her some fresh hay or alfalfa and observe her in this environment.\r\n\r\nWhen you have determined to your satisfaction that this is the day, turn on the baby monitor and leave her to focus on the mysterious process of having a kid.","description":"As part of your sustainable lifestyle, you'll want to be able to handle the routine birth of goats without calling in a vet. As the time nears for your goat to kid, you may get just as nervous as she does. She most likely can kid on her own, but you want to make sure that she has a clean, safe place to do so. Here are some tips on how to tell when your goat is getting close to kidding.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab1\" >Reading the ligaments</h2>\r\nA goat's rump is normally flat and solid, but as a doe gets to the end of pregnancy, that changes. Her tailbone becomes elevated, and the ligaments that connect it to her pelvis begin to stretch and loosen in preparation for the journey the kid (or kids) will make from her body. Sometimes you can tell that she will kid soon when you see a hollow on either side of the tail.\r\n\r\nOne of the best ways to identify an impending kidding is to feel the two tail ligaments located on each side of the tail. Feel a doe that isn't pregnant and you will notice that those ligaments are very firm. The same will be true of a doe that is pregnant but not ready to kid.\r\n\r\nWhen these ligaments begin to get soft, and then completely vanish, you know that the goat is due to kid within 24 hours. You may make a mistake the first few times you try to read the ligaments, but over time you find the technique to be almost foolproof.\r\n<div class=\"imageBlock\" style=\"width: 535px;\">\r\n\r\n<img src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/238589.image0.jpg\" alt=\"Check the ligaments on a goat to tell whether she is going to kid.\" width=\"535\" height=\"322\" />\r\n<div class=\"imageCaption\">Check the ligaments on a goat to tell whether she is going to kid.</div>\r\n</div>\r\nA few weeks before the doe is ready to kid, start feeling her ligaments routinely. One day you will find that they've turned to mush, and then you will know that it's time to put her in the kidding pen.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab2\" >Identifying other signs of impending kidding</h2>\r\nBesides softened ligaments, a doe will show other signs of kidding. Each doe might exhibit different signs, so keep an eye out for a change in behavior. Some other signs to look for include\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Isolation:</b> The doe stands off from the crowd, sometimes seeming \"spaced out.\"</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Mucus discharge:</b> You may observe some whitish or yellowish discharge on her vulva.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Firm, shiny udder: </b>Her udder may become tight and filled up, called <i>bagging up.</i></p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Loss of appetite:</b> She may become uninterested in food.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Personality change:</b> She may start fighting with other goats or become overly friendly to you when she was previously standoffish.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Restlessness:</b> She may lie down, then get up, paw at the ground, and just seem uncomfortable.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\nWhen you have checked her ligaments and they're soft, or when you notice her exhibiting any or a combination of these signs around her due date, put her in the kidding pen, give her some fresh hay or alfalfa and observe her in this environment.\r\n\r\nWhen you have determined to your satisfaction that this is the day, turn on the baby monitor and leave her to focus on the mysterious process of having a kid.","blurb":"","authors":[{"authorId":10196,"name":"Cheryl K. Smith","slug":"cheryl-k-smith","description":" <p><b>Cheryl K. Smith</b> has raised a small herd of Nigerian Dwarf and Oberian dairy goats under the herd name Mystic Acres since 1998. She is the owner of karmadillo Press and is the author of <i>Goat Health Care, Goat Midwifery, The Best of Ruminations Goat Milk and Cheese Recipes,</i> and <i>Raising Goats: Some Essentials</i>.</p> ","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/10196"}}],"primaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":33937,"title":"Goats","slug":"goats","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33937"}},"secondaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"tertiaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"trendingArticles":null,"inThisArticle":[{"label":"Reading the ligaments","target":"#tab1"},{"label":"Identifying other signs of impending kidding","target":"#tab2"}],"relatedArticles":{"fromBook":[{"articleId":285579,"title":"10 Common Mistakes First-Time Goat Owners Make","slug":"10-common-mistakes-first-time-goat-owners-make","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/285579"}},{"articleId":285590,"title":"Goat Anatomy","slug":"goat-anatomy","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/285590"}},{"articleId":209109,"title":"Raising Goats For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"raising-goats-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/209109"}},{"articleId":206067,"title":"How to Trim a Goat's Hooves","slug":"how-to-trim-a-goats-hooves","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/206067"}},{"articleId":193166,"title":"Asking the Right Questions before Buying Goats","slug":"asking-the-right-questions-before-buying-goats","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/193166"}}],"fromCategory":[{"articleId":285579,"title":"10 Common Mistakes First-Time Goat Owners Make","slug":"10-common-mistakes-first-time-goat-owners-make","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/285579"}},{"articleId":285590,"title":"Goat Anatomy","slug":"goat-anatomy","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/285590"}},{"articleId":209109,"title":"Raising Goats For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"raising-goats-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/209109"}},{"articleId":206067,"title":"How to Trim a Goat's Hooves","slug":"how-to-trim-a-goats-hooves","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/206067"}},{"articleId":193166,"title":"Asking the Right Questions before Buying Goats","slug":"asking-the-right-questions-before-buying-goats","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/193166"}}]},"hasRelatedBookFromSearch":false,"relatedBook":{"bookId":282526,"slug":"raising-goats-for-dummies","isbn":"9781119772583","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"amazon":{"default":"//www.amazon.com/gp/product/1119772583/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","ca":"//www.amazon.ca/gp/product/1119772583/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","indigo_ca":"//www.tkqlhce.com/click-9208661-13710633?url=//www.chapters.indigo.ca/en-ca/books/product/1119772583-item.html&cjsku=978111945484","gb":"//www.amazon.co.uk/gp/product/1119772583/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","de":"//www.amazon.de/gp/product/1119772583/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20"},"image":{"src":"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/raising-goats-for-dummies-2nd-edition-cover-9781119772583-203x255.jpg","width":203,"height":255},"title":"Raising Goats For Dummies","testBankPinActivationLink":"","bookOutOfPrint":true,"authorsInfo":"<p><b><b data-author-id=\"10196\">Cheryl K. Smith</b></b> has raised a small herd of Nigerian Dwarf and Oberian dairy goats under the herd name Mystic Acres since 1998. She is the owner of karmadillo Press and is the author of <i>Goat Health Care, Goat Midwifery, The Best of Ruminations Goat Milk and Cheese Recipes,</i> and <i>Raising Goats: Some Essentials</i>.</p>","authors":[{"authorId":10196,"name":"Cheryl K. Smith","slug":"cheryl-k-smith","description":" <p><b>Cheryl K. Smith</b> has raised a small herd of Nigerian Dwarf and Oberian dairy goats under the herd name Mystic Acres since 1998. She is the owner of karmadillo Press and is the author of <i>Goat Health Care, Goat Midwifery, The Best of Ruminations Goat Milk and Cheese Recipes,</i> and <i>Raising Goats: Some Essentials</i>.</p> ","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/10196"}}],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/books/"}},"collections":[],"articleAds":{"footerAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;home-auto-hobbies&quot;,&quot;hobby-farming&quot;,&quot;goats&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9781119772583&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-63221b4e1394d\"></div></div>","rightAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_right_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_right_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;home-auto-hobbies&quot;,&quot;hobby-farming&quot;,&quot;goats&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9781119772583&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-63221b4e1430e\"></div></div>"},"articleType":{"articleType":"Articles","articleList":null,"content":null,"videoInfo":{"videoId":null,"name":null,"accountId":null,"playerId":null,"thumbnailUrl":null,"description":null,"uploadDate":null}},"sponsorship":{"sponsorshipPage":false,"backgroundImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"brandingLine":"","brandingLink":"","brandingLogo":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"sponsorAd":"","sponsorEbookTitle":"","sponsorEbookLink":"","sponsorEbookImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0}},"primaryLearningPath":"Solve","lifeExpectancy":"Five years","lifeExpectancySetFrom":"2022-06-20T00:00:00+00:00","dummiesForKids":"no","sponsoredContent":"no","adInfo":"","adPairKey":[]},"status":"publish","visibility":"public","articleId":189297},{"headers":{"creationTime":"2017-03-26T20:50:16+00:00","modifiedTime":"2023-09-01T17:51:02+00:00","timestamp":"2023-09-14T18:20:00+00:00"},"data":{"breadcrumbs":[{"name":"Home, Auto, & Hobbies","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33809"},"slug":"home-auto-hobbies","categoryId":33809},{"name":"Hobby Farming","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33933"},"slug":"hobby-farming","categoryId":33933},{"name":"Goats","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33937"},"slug":"goats","categoryId":33937}],"title":"How to Hand-Milk a Goat","strippedTitle":"how to hand-milk a goat","slug":"how-to-hand-milk-a-goat","canonicalUrl":"","浏览手机搜字段擎SEO方案":{"metaDescription":"Hand-milking a goat isn't difficult, but you have to practice to be efficient at it. Here's how to do it safely and easily.","noIndex":0,"noFollow":0},"content":"If you're raising goats as part of a green, sustainable lifestyle, you'll want to milk them. Hand-milking a goat isn't difficult, but you do have to practice to be efficient at it. Some goats are like cows and have teats that are large enough for you to use all your fingers on them, while others are so small that you can only use three fingers.\r\n<p class=\"Warning\">Never pull on the teat. This is not how milk is extracted, and it can cause injury to the mammary system.</p>\r\n\r\n<div class=\"imageBlock\" style=\"width: 535px;\">\r\n\r\n<img src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/238603.image0.jpg\" alt=\"Wrap your thumb and forefinger around the teat to trap the milk and then gently squeeze it out.\" width=\"535\" height=\"227\" />\r\n<div class=\"imageCaption\">Wrap your thumb and forefinger around the teat to trap the milk and then gently squeeze it out.</div>\r\n</div>\r\nYou need few supplies to milk a goat:\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Milk stand:</b> Although people milk their goats in every situation imaginable, investing in a milk stand will make milking easier.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Stainless steel bucket:</b> Start with a six-quart bucket unless you're milking Nigerian Dwarves or Pygmies, which require a smaller one because they're shorter.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Udder-washing supplies:</b> You can use an old plastic coffee can with hot water and dish soap, rags made from towels cut into smaller pieces, and paper towels for drying. You need to wash the container after every milking and rinse with boiling water or a bleach solution (one part bleach to ten parts water).</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Teat sanitizing supplies:</b> You need teat dip and cups or spray teat sanitizer, which you can purchase from a dairy supply company or feed store.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Stainless steel strainer and milk filters: </b>You can buy strainers and filters from a dairy supply company or feed store.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Jars for milk storage:</b> Half-gallon mason jars with plastic lids work great, because the plastic doesn't rust when it gets wet.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\nTo hand-milk a goat, follow these steps:\r\n<ol class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Get the goat onto the milk stand and secure her in the stanchion with some grain for her to eat.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Wash your hands.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Clean the udder and teats with warm water and soap or sanitize with a wipe such as Milk Check Teat Wipes and dry them with a clean paper towel.</p>\r\n<p class=\"child-para\">Make sure to thoroughly dry your hands.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Wrap your fingers and thumb around each teat to trap some milk in the teat and squeeze to quickly milk one or two squirts from each teat into a cup.</p>\r\n<p class=\"child-para\">This step allows you to check for abnormalities and removes any milk close to the surface of the teat that is more likely to be contaminated with bacteria. If the milk is abnormal, dispose of it after milking.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Promptly milk the goat using a sanitized bucket, being careful not to pull on the teats.</p>\r\n<p class=\"child-para\">If you take too long to milk, the goat may start dancing or causing other mischief.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">When you think the udder is empty, massage the back and bottom of the udder and bump it gently with your fist in the front near the teats to encourage further let-down.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Pour the milk through a clean, filtered strainer into a clean jar.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Dip or spray the teats with a sanitizer such as Derma Sept Teat Dip.</p>\r\n<p class=\"child-para\">If you use dip cups, use a clean one for each goat to avoid cross-contamination.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Return the goat to the herd.</p>\r\n<p class=\"child-para\">Have some fresh hay or alfalfa and fresh water available for the goat right after milking. She will eat and drink, instead of lying down and exposing an open teat orifice to bacteria.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Clean the bucket and strainer and air dry.</p>\r\n<p class=\"child-para\">Rinse the bucket and strainer with tepid water right away. Wash with warm soapy water and rinse with boiling water or a solution of one part bleach to ten parts water.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ol>\r\n<p class=\"Tip\">To practice milking without fear of injuring the goat, use a rubber glove filled with water and tied shut at the top. This will give you an idea of how closing the teat (finger) off from the udder (hand) traps the water in the finger, allowing you to capture the liquid by squeezing the teat.</p>","description":"If you're raising goats as part of a green, sustainable lifestyle, you'll want to milk them. Hand-milking a goat isn't difficult, but you do have to practice to be efficient at it. Some goats are like cows and have teats that are large enough for you to use all your fingers on them, while others are so small that you can only use three fingers.\r\n<p class=\"Warning\">Never pull on the teat. This is not how milk is extracted, and it can cause injury to the mammary system.</p>\r\n\r\n<div class=\"imageBlock\" style=\"width: 535px;\">\r\n\r\n<img src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/238603.image0.jpg\" alt=\"Wrap your thumb and forefinger around the teat to trap the milk and then gently squeeze it out.\" width=\"535\" height=\"227\" />\r\n<div class=\"imageCaption\">Wrap your thumb and forefinger around the teat to trap the milk and then gently squeeze it out.</div>\r\n</div>\r\nYou need few supplies to milk a goat:\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Milk stand:</b> Although people milk their goats in every situation imaginable, investing in a milk stand will make milking easier.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Stainless steel bucket:</b> Start with a six-quart bucket unless you're milking Nigerian Dwarves or Pygmies, which require a smaller one because they're shorter.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Udder-washing supplies:</b> You can use an old plastic coffee can with hot water and dish soap, rags made from towels cut into smaller pieces, and paper towels for drying. You need to wash the container after every milking and rinse with boiling water or a bleach solution (one part bleach to ten parts water).</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Teat sanitizing supplies:</b> You need teat dip and cups or spray teat sanitizer, which you can purchase from a dairy supply company or feed store.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Stainless steel strainer and milk filters: </b>You can buy strainers and filters from a dairy supply company or feed store.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Jars for milk storage:</b> Half-gallon mason jars with plastic lids work great, because the plastic doesn't rust when it gets wet.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\nTo hand-milk a goat, follow these steps:\r\n<ol class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Get the goat onto the milk stand and secure her in the stanchion with some grain for her to eat.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Wash your hands.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Clean the udder and teats with warm water and soap or sanitize with a wipe such as Milk Check Teat Wipes and dry them with a clean paper towel.</p>\r\n<p class=\"child-para\">Make sure to thoroughly dry your hands.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Wrap your fingers and thumb around each teat to trap some milk in the teat and squeeze to quickly milk one or two squirts from each teat into a cup.</p>\r\n<p class=\"child-para\">This step allows you to check for abnormalities and removes any milk close to the surface of the teat that is more likely to be contaminated with bacteria. If the milk is abnormal, dispose of it after milking.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Promptly milk the goat using a sanitized bucket, being careful not to pull on the teats.</p>\r\n<p class=\"child-para\">If you take too long to milk, the goat may start dancing or causing other mischief.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">When you think the udder is empty, massage the back and bottom of the udder and bump it gently with your fist in the front near the teats to encourage further let-down.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Pour the milk through a clean, filtered strainer into a clean jar.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Dip or spray the teats with a sanitizer such as Derma Sept Teat Dip.</p>\r\n<p class=\"child-para\">If you use dip cups, use a clean one for each goat to avoid cross-contamination.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Return the goat to the herd.</p>\r\n<p class=\"child-para\">Have some fresh hay or alfalfa and fresh water available for the goat right after milking. She will eat and drink, instead of lying down and exposing an open teat orifice to bacteria.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Clean the bucket and strainer and air dry.</p>\r\n<p class=\"child-para\">Rinse the bucket and strainer with tepid water right away. Wash with warm soapy water and rinse with boiling water or a solution of one part bleach to ten parts water.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ol>\r\n<p class=\"Tip\">To practice milking without fear of injuring the goat, use a rubber glove filled with water and tied shut at the top. This will give you an idea of how closing the teat (finger) off from the udder (hand) traps the water in the finger, allowing you to capture the liquid by squeezing the teat.</p>","blurb":"","authors":[{"authorId":10196,"name":"Cheryl K. Smith","slug":"cheryl-k-smith","description":" <p><b>Cheryl K. Smith</b> has raised a small herd of Nigerian Dwarf and Oberian dairy goats under the herd name Mystic Acres since 1998. She is the owner of karmadillo Press and is the author of <i>Goat Health Care, Goat Midwifery, The Best of Ruminations Goat Milk and Cheese Recipes,</i> and <i>Raising Goats: Some Essentials</i>.</p> ","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/10196"}}],"primaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":33937,"title":"Goats","slug":"goats","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33937"}},"secondaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"tertiaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"trendingArticles":null,"inThisArticle":[],"relatedArticles":{"fromBook":[{"articleId":285579,"title":"10 Common Mistakes First-Time Goat Owners Make","slug":"10-common-mistakes-first-time-goat-owners-make","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/285579"}},{"articleId":285590,"title":"Goat Anatomy","slug":"goat-anatomy","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/285590"}},{"articleId":209109,"title":"Raising Goats For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"raising-goats-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/209109"}},{"articleId":206067,"title":"How to Trim a Goat's Hooves","slug":"how-to-trim-a-goats-hooves","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/206067"}},{"articleId":193166,"title":"Asking the Right Questions before Buying Goats","slug":"asking-the-right-questions-before-buying-goats","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/193166"}}],"fromCategory":[{"articleId":285579,"title":"10 Common Mistakes First-Time Goat Owners Make","slug":"10-common-mistakes-first-time-goat-owners-make","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/285579"}},{"articleId":285590,"title":"Goat Anatomy","slug":"goat-anatomy","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/285590"}},{"articleId":209109,"title":"Raising Goats For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"raising-goats-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/209109"}},{"articleId":206067,"title":"How to Trim a Goat's Hooves","slug":"how-to-trim-a-goats-hooves","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/206067"}},{"articleId":193166,"title":"Asking the Right Questions before Buying Goats","slug":"asking-the-right-questions-before-buying-goats","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/193166"}}]},"hasRelatedBookFromSearch":false,"relatedBook":{"bookId":282526,"slug":"raising-goats-for-dummies","isbn":"9781119772583","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"amazon":{"default":"//www.amazon.com/gp/product/1119772583/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","ca":"//www.amazon.ca/gp/product/1119772583/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","indigo_ca":"//www.tkqlhce.com/click-9208661-13710633?url=//www.chapters.indigo.ca/en-ca/books/product/1119772583-item.html&cjsku=978111945484","gb":"//www.amazon.co.uk/gp/product/1119772583/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","de":"//www.amazon.de/gp/product/1119772583/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20"},"image":{"src":"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/raising-goats-for-dummies-2nd-edition-cover-9781119772583-203x255.jpg","width":203,"height":255},"title":"Raising Goats For Dummies","testBankPinActivationLink":"","bookOutOfPrint":true,"authorsInfo":"<p><b><b data-author-id=\"10196\">Cheryl K. Smith</b></b> has raised a small herd of Nigerian Dwarf and Oberian dairy goats under the herd name Mystic Acres since 1998. She is the owner of karmadillo Press and is the author of <i>Goat Health Care, Goat Midwifery, The Best of Ruminations Goat Milk and Cheese Recipes,</i> and <i>Raising Goats: Some Essentials</i>.</p>","authors":[{"authorId":10196,"name":"Cheryl K. Smith","slug":"cheryl-k-smith","description":" <p><b>Cheryl K. Smith</b> has raised a small herd of Nigerian Dwarf and Oberian dairy goats under the herd name Mystic Acres since 1998. She is the owner of karmadillo Press and is the author of <i>Goat Health Care, Goat Midwifery, The Best of Ruminations Goat Milk and Cheese Recipes,</i> and <i>Raising Goats: Some Essentials</i>.</p> ","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/10196"}}],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/books/"}},"collections":[],"articleAds":{"footerAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;home-auto-hobbies&quot;,&quot;hobby-farming&quot;,&quot;goats&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9781119772583&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-63221b502dfbd\"></div></div>","rightAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_right_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_right_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;home-auto-hobbies&quot;,&quot;hobby-farming&quot;,&quot;goats&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9781119772583&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-63221b502e634\"></div></div>"},"articleType":{"articleType":"Articles","articleList":null,"content":null,"videoInfo":{"videoId":null,"name":null,"accountId":null,"playerId":null,"thumbnailUrl":null,"description":null,"uploadDate":null}},"sponsorship":{"sponsorshipPage":false,"backgroundImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"brandingLine":"","brandingLink":"","brandingLogo":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"sponsorAd":"","sponsorEbookTitle":"","sponsorEbookLink":"","sponsorEbookImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0}},"primaryLearningPath":"Solve","lifeExpectancy":"Five years","lifeExpectancySetFrom":"2022-06-16T00:00:00+00:00","dummiesForKids":"no","sponsoredContent":"no","adInfo":"","adPairKey":[]},"status":"publish","visibility":"public","articleId":189313},{"headers":{"creationTime":"2017-03-26T21:17:03+00:00","modifiedTime":"2023-09-01T17:50:28+00:00","timestamp":"2023-09-14T18:19:59+00:00"},"data":{"breadcrumbs":[{"name":"Home, Auto, & Hobbies","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33809"},"slug":"home-auto-hobbies","categoryId":33809},{"name":"Hobby Farming","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33933"},"slug":"hobby-farming","categoryId":33933},{"name":"Goats","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33937"},"slug":"goats","categoryId":33937}],"title":"What Are the Signs of a Sick Goat?","strippedTitle":"what are the signs of a sick goat?","slug":"what-are-the-signs-of-a-sick-goat","canonicalUrl":"","浏览手机搜字段擎SEO方案":{"metaDescription":"How do you know if your goat is healthy? Their posture, cry, and temperature will tell you a lot.","noIndex":0,"noFollow":0},"content":"Whether you're raising goats as pets or to supplement your green lifestyle, one of the most important parts of being a goat owner is making sure that they're healthy. You can do it when you're feeding, or just go out and watch them. The bonus is that hanging out with goats is relaxing!\r\n\r\nA healthy goat has shiny eyes and glossy hair and is curious and energetic, unless resting and chewing cud. If you're watching your goats and one of them seems a bit off, you can take a few simple steps to investigate further. Here are some simple clues to determine whether your goat is healthy:\r\n<h2 id=\"tab1\" >Posture</h2>\r\nA healthy goat usually has her head and tail up, stands erect, and holds her ears erect. That doesn't mean that every time a goat has her tail or ears down that she is sick. It's just a sign to be considered along with other signs. A goat that doesn't feel well will hunch with tail down and not be as responsive to external stimuli.\r\n<p class=\"Tip\">A goat with an upset stomach, bloat, or urinary calculi will stretch out repeatedly, trying to relieve the pressure or discomfort or trying to pee. This abnormal posture is a sign that you need to check out the problem immediately.</p>\r\n\r\n<h2 id=\"tab2\" >Goat cries</h2>\r\nIf a goat is truly hungry or thirsty, his bleat is persistent. A sick goat sometimes moans or makes a stressed-out sounding cry, but more often you notice that she <i>isn</i><i>'</i><i>t</i> crying but is away from the herd, suffering silently.\r\n\r\nBucks in rut will make some of the craziest snorting, bleating noises you've ever heard. Some female goats (does) cry out in little short bursts when they're in heat.\r\n\r\nA doe that is giving birth (kidding) can also be quite noisy, although some approach the task silently. During the first stage of labor, they whine more than cry, especially if they want you there with them the whole time. Others are pretty discreet until it's time to push the baby out and then they let loose with a loud, long cry to tell you that it's time.\r\n\r\nListen, and learn your goats' cries; the knowledge will serve you well.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab3\" >Temperature</h2>\r\nA goat's normal temperature is around 101 to 104 degrees Fahrenheit, depending on the individual goat. A goat's temperature can also go up or down throughout the day. On a hot day, you can expect some of your goats to have higher temperatures.\r\n\r\nA goat with a high temperature often has an infection and can quickly become dehydrated, while a goat with a low temperature (hypothermia) may have rumen trouble or be so sick that he is unable to stay warm. This goat needs to be warmed or he will die.\r\n\r\nTo determine what's normal for each of your goats, take their temperature several times when they're healthy and note the number in their health records. Make sure you measure their temperatures on a hot day and a normal day so that you get an accurate baseline to compare with if a goat gets sick, as well as an idea of what variations might occur.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab4\" >Other signs to watch for</h2>\r\nA goat's posture, cries, and temperature will tell you a lot about their health. Here are some other behaviors and symptoms that should concern you:\r\n<div>\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Not chewing cud</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Not getting up</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Pressing her head against wall or fence</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Not eating</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Not urinating or straining to urinate</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Not drinking</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Pale gray eyelids or gums</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Hot udder</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Limping or staggering</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Ears held oddly</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Isolating himself from the herd</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Grinding teeth</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Coughing</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Runny nose or eyes</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\nIf you observe any of these signs in a goat, head to the vet right away.\r\n\r\n</div>","description":"Whether you're raising goats as pets or to supplement your green lifestyle, one of the most important parts of being a goat owner is making sure that they're healthy. You can do it when you're feeding, or just go out and watch them. The bonus is that hanging out with goats is relaxing!\r\n\r\nA healthy goat has shiny eyes and glossy hair and is curious and energetic, unless resting and chewing cud. If you're watching your goats and one of them seems a bit off, you can take a few simple steps to investigate further. Here are some simple clues to determine whether your goat is healthy:\r\n<h2 id=\"tab1\" >Posture</h2>\r\nA healthy goat usually has her head and tail up, stands erect, and holds her ears erect. That doesn't mean that every time a goat has her tail or ears down that she is sick. It's just a sign to be considered along with other signs. A goat that doesn't feel well will hunch with tail down and not be as responsive to external stimuli.\r\n<p class=\"Tip\">A goat with an upset stomach, bloat, or urinary calculi will stretch out repeatedly, trying to relieve the pressure or discomfort or trying to pee. This abnormal posture is a sign that you need to check out the problem immediately.</p>\r\n\r\n<h2 id=\"tab2\" >Goat cries</h2>\r\nIf a goat is truly hungry or thirsty, his bleat is persistent. A sick goat sometimes moans or makes a stressed-out sounding cry, but more often you notice that she <i>isn</i><i>'</i><i>t</i> crying but is away from the herd, suffering silently.\r\n\r\nBucks in rut will make some of the craziest snorting, bleating noises you've ever heard. Some female goats (does) cry out in little short bursts when they're in heat.\r\n\r\nA doe that is giving birth (kidding) can also be quite noisy, although some approach the task silently. During the first stage of labor, they whine more than cry, especially if they want you there with them the whole time. Others are pretty discreet until it's time to push the baby out and then they let loose with a loud, long cry to tell you that it's time.\r\n\r\nListen, and learn your goats' cries; the knowledge will serve you well.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab3\" >Temperature</h2>\r\nA goat's normal temperature is around 101 to 104 degrees Fahrenheit, depending on the individual goat. A goat's temperature can also go up or down throughout the day. On a hot day, you can expect some of your goats to have higher temperatures.\r\n\r\nA goat with a high temperature often has an infection and can quickly become dehydrated, while a goat with a low temperature (hypothermia) may have rumen trouble or be so sick that he is unable to stay warm. This goat needs to be warmed or he will die.\r\n\r\nTo determine what's normal for each of your goats, take their temperature several times when they're healthy and note the number in their health records. Make sure you measure their temperatures on a hot day and a normal day so that you get an accurate baseline to compare with if a goat gets sick, as well as an idea of what variations might occur.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab4\" >Other signs to watch for</h2>\r\nA goat's posture, cries, and temperature will tell you a lot about their health. Here are some other behaviors and symptoms that should concern you:\r\n<div>\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Not chewing cud</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Not getting up</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Pressing her head against wall or fence</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Not eating</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Not urinating or straining to urinate</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Not drinking</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Pale gray eyelids or gums</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Hot udder</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Limping or staggering</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Ears held oddly</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Isolating himself from the herd</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Grinding teeth</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Coughing</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Runny nose or eyes</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\nIf you observe any of these signs in a goat, head to the vet right away.\r\n\r\n</div>","blurb":"","authors":[{"authorId":10196,"name":"Cheryl K. Smith","slug":"cheryl-k-smith","description":" <p><b>Cheryl K. Smith</b> has raised a small herd of Nigerian Dwarf and Oberian dairy goats under the herd name Mystic Acres since 1998. She is the owner of karmadillo Press and is the author of <i>Goat Health Care, Goat Midwifery, The Best of Ruminations Goat Milk and Cheese Recipes,</i> and <i>Raising Goats: Some Essentials</i>.</p> ","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/10196"}}],"primaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":33937,"title":"Goats","slug":"goats","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33937"}},"secondaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"tertiaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"trendingArticles":null,"inThisArticle":[{"label":"Posture","target":"#tab1"},{"label":"Goat cries","target":"#tab2"},{"label":"Temperature","target":"#tab3"},{"label":"Other signs to watch for","target":"#tab4"}],"relatedArticles":{"fromBook":[{"articleId":285579,"title":"10 Common Mistakes First-Time Goat Owners Make","slug":"10-common-mistakes-first-time-goat-owners-make","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/285579"}},{"articleId":285590,"title":"Goat Anatomy","slug":"goat-anatomy","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/285590"}},{"articleId":209109,"title":"Raising Goats For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"raising-goats-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/209109"}},{"articleId":206067,"title":"How to Trim a Goat's Hooves","slug":"how-to-trim-a-goats-hooves","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/206067"}},{"articleId":193166,"title":"Asking the Right Questions before Buying Goats","slug":"asking-the-right-questions-before-buying-goats","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/193166"}}],"fromCategory":[{"articleId":285579,"title":"10 Common Mistakes First-Time Goat Owners Make","slug":"10-common-mistakes-first-time-goat-owners-make","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/285579"}},{"articleId":285590,"title":"Goat Anatomy","slug":"goat-anatomy","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/285590"}},{"articleId":209109,"title":"Raising Goats For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"raising-goats-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/209109"}},{"articleId":206067,"title":"How to Trim a Goat's Hooves","slug":"how-to-trim-a-goats-hooves","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/206067"}},{"articleId":193166,"title":"Asking the Right Questions before Buying Goats","slug":"asking-the-right-questions-before-buying-goats","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/193166"}}]},"hasRelatedBookFromSearch":false,"relatedBook":{"bookId":282526,"slug":"raising-goats-for-dummies","isbn":"9781119772583","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"amazon":{"default":"//www.amazon.com/gp/product/1119772583/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","ca":"//www.amazon.ca/gp/product/1119772583/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","indigo_ca":"//www.tkqlhce.com/click-9208661-13710633?url=//www.chapters.indigo.ca/en-ca/books/product/1119772583-item.html&cjsku=978111945484","gb":"//www.amazon.co.uk/gp/product/1119772583/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","de":"//www.amazon.de/gp/product/1119772583/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20"},"image":{"src":"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/raising-goats-for-dummies-2nd-edition-cover-9781119772583-203x255.jpg","width":203,"height":255},"title":"Raising Goats For Dummies","testBankPinActivationLink":"","bookOutOfPrint":true,"authorsInfo":"<p><b><b data-author-id=\"10196\">Cheryl K. Smith</b></b> has raised a small herd of Nigerian Dwarf and Oberian dairy goats under the herd name Mystic Acres since 1998. She is the owner of karmadillo Press and is the author of <i>Goat Health Care, Goat Midwifery, The Best of Ruminations Goat Milk and Cheese Recipes,</i> and <i>Raising Goats: Some Essentials</i>.</p>","authors":[{"authorId":10196,"name":"Cheryl K. Smith","slug":"cheryl-k-smith","description":" <p><b>Cheryl K. Smith</b> has raised a small herd of Nigerian Dwarf and Oberian dairy goats under the herd name Mystic Acres since 1998. She is the owner of karmadillo Press and is the author of <i>Goat Health Care, Goat Midwifery, The Best of Ruminations Goat Milk and Cheese Recipes,</i> and <i>Raising Goats: Some Essentials</i>.</p> ","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/10196"}}],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/books/"}},"collections":[],"articleAds":{"footerAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;home-auto-hobbies&quot;,&quot;hobby-farming&quot;,&quot;goats&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9781119772583&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-63221b4ff3751\"></div></div>","rightAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_right_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_right_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;home-auto-hobbies&quot;,&quot;hobby-farming&quot;,&quot;goats&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9781119772583&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-63221b4ff3c9a\"></div></div>"},"articleType":{"articleType":"Articles","articleList":null,"content":null,"videoInfo":{"videoId":null,"name":null,"accountId":null,"playerId":null,"thumbnailUrl":null,"description":null,"uploadDate":null}},"sponsorship":{"sponsorshipPage":false,"backgroundImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"brandingLine":"","brandingLink":"","brandingLogo":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"sponsorAd":"","sponsorEbookTitle":"","sponsorEbookLink":"","sponsorEbookImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0}},"primaryLearningPath":"Explore","lifeExpectancy":"Five years","lifeExpectancySetFrom":"2022-06-16T00:00:00+00:00","dummiesForKids":"no","sponsoredContent":"no","adInfo":"","adPairKey":[]},"status":"publish","visibility":"public","articleId":191977},{"headers":{"creationTime":"2017-03-26T21:17:06+00:00","modifiedTime":"2023-09-01T17:50:12+00:00","timestamp":"2023-09-14T18:19:59+00:00"},"data":{"breadcrumbs":[{"name":"Home, Auto, & Hobbies","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33809"},"slug":"home-auto-hobbies","categoryId":33809},{"name":"Hobby Farming","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33933"},"slug":"hobby-farming","categoryId":33933},{"name":"Goats","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33937"},"slug":"goats","categoryId":33937}],"title":"Supplying and Maintaining Bedding for Your Goats","strippedTitle":"supplying and maintaining bedding for your goats","slug":"supplying-and-maintaining-bedding-for-your-goats","canonicalUrl":"","浏览手机搜字段擎SEO方案":{"metaDescription":"If you've decided to raise goats to further your sustainable lifestyle, before you bring them home, you need to provide them shelter and bedding. Bedding for go","noIndex":0,"noFollow":0},"content":"If you've decided to raise goats to further your sustainable lifestyle, before you bring them home, you need to provide them shelter and bedding. Bedding for goats has two purposes: to provide a more comfortable area on which goats can walk and lie down and to absorb the goats’ urine and feces.\r\n\r\nYou have several options for bedding:\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Straw: </b>Straw is easy to store because it comes in bales, and it’s inexpensive. Wheat straw is preferable to other straws because it's easier to muck out when used, it's less dusty, and the goats like to eat it when it’s fresh.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Wood shavings:</b> Depending on where you live, wood shavings may be a better option. If you’re in a region with little rain, you won’t have a problem with storage, because you can even keep it outside.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Wood pellets: </b>Wood pellets absorb urine and odors but are too hard and uncomfortable by themselves for goats to use as bedding. They also are expensive.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\nWhen the bedding gets saturated with water, urine, and feces, it becomes a perfect breeding ground for flies and parasites and must be mucked out. Mucking out a barn involves removing all the used bedding down to the floor and replacing it with clean bedding to prevent the spread of parasites and other problems.\r\n\r\nHow frequently you need to muck your barn depends on the size of the area and how many goats you have. In the winter, if you live in a cold area, you can allow the muck to build up and add new bedding to the top. This provides extra heat for the goats from the composting bedding under the fresh layer. In the summer, you may be able to get away with mucking only once a month or so if your goats spend more time outdoors.\r\n\r\nIf you have a large area to be mucked and are lucky enough to have a tractor or similar equipment, you can use that. But if you have only a backyard or a small homestead, you’ll have to muck by hand. To muck a barn by hand, you need\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Gloves</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Muck boots or old shoes</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">A pitchfork</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">A wheelbarrow</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<p class=\"Tip\">Pace yourself. If you have a large area, start on one side and finish that first. You can do the other half the next day. It can help to have one or two people removing the used bedding and one running the wheelbarrow.</p>\r\nUse gloves to prevent blisters and muck boots to keep your shoes and clothes clean. If the used bedding is very deep, to save your back, take it off in layers with your pitchfork rather than trying to lift huge chunks.\r\n\r\nMove all of the used bedding to a single pile in a place where goats won’t be tempted to play on it. The pile may seem high at first, but with rain and time, it will shrink down to nice compost. Some people cover their muck pile with a tarp to aid in composting. Because goat manure doesn’t burn plants like chicken manure does, you can put it directly on the garden, if you choose.","description":"If you've decided to raise goats to further your sustainable lifestyle, before you bring them home, you need to provide them shelter and bedding. Bedding for goats has two purposes: to provide a more comfortable area on which goats can walk and lie down and to absorb the goats’ urine and feces.\r\n\r\nYou have several options for bedding:\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Straw: </b>Straw is easy to store because it comes in bales, and it’s inexpensive. Wheat straw is preferable to other straws because it's easier to muck out when used, it's less dusty, and the goats like to eat it when it’s fresh.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Wood shavings:</b> Depending on where you live, wood shavings may be a better option. If you’re in a region with little rain, you won’t have a problem with storage, because you can even keep it outside.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Wood pellets: </b>Wood pellets absorb urine and odors but are too hard and uncomfortable by themselves for goats to use as bedding. They also are expensive.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\nWhen the bedding gets saturated with water, urine, and feces, it becomes a perfect breeding ground for flies and parasites and must be mucked out. Mucking out a barn involves removing all the used bedding down to the floor and replacing it with clean bedding to prevent the spread of parasites and other problems.\r\n\r\nHow frequently you need to muck your barn depends on the size of the area and how many goats you have. In the winter, if you live in a cold area, you can allow the muck to build up and add new bedding to the top. This provides extra heat for the goats from the composting bedding under the fresh layer. In the summer, you may be able to get away with mucking only once a month or so if your goats spend more time outdoors.\r\n\r\nIf you have a large area to be mucked and are lucky enough to have a tractor or similar equipment, you can use that. But if you have only a backyard or a small homestead, you’ll have to muck by hand. To muck a barn by hand, you need\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Gloves</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Muck boots or old shoes</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">A pitchfork</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">A wheelbarrow</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<p class=\"Tip\">Pace yourself. If you have a large area, start on one side and finish that first. You can do the other half the next day. It can help to have one or two people removing the used bedding and one running the wheelbarrow.</p>\r\nUse gloves to prevent blisters and muck boots to keep your shoes and clothes clean. If the used bedding is very deep, to save your back, take it off in layers with your pitchfork rather than trying to lift huge chunks.\r\n\r\nMove all of the used bedding to a single pile in a place where goats won’t be tempted to play on it. The pile may seem high at first, but with rain and time, it will shrink down to nice compost. Some people cover their muck pile with a tarp to aid in composting. Because goat manure doesn’t burn plants like chicken manure does, you can put it directly on the garden, if you choose.","blurb":"","authors":[{"authorId":10196,"name":"Cheryl K. Smith","slug":"cheryl-k-smith","description":" <p><b>Cheryl K. Smith</b> has raised a small herd of Nigerian Dwarf and Oberian dairy goats under the herd name Mystic Acres since 1998. She is the owner of karmadillo Press and is the author of <i>Goat Health Care, Goat Midwifery, The Best of Ruminations Goat Milk and Cheese Recipes,</i> and <i>Raising Goats: Some Essentials</i>.</p> ","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/10196"}}],"primaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":33937,"title":"Goats","slug":"goats","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33937"}},"secondaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"tertiaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"trendingArticles":null,"inThisArticle":[],"relatedArticles":{"fromBook":[{"articleId":285579,"title":"10 Common Mistakes First-Time Goat Owners Make","slug":"10-common-mistakes-first-time-goat-owners-make","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/285579"}},{"articleId":285590,"title":"Goat Anatomy","slug":"goat-anatomy","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/285590"}},{"articleId":209109,"title":"Raising Goats For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"raising-goats-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/209109"}},{"articleId":206067,"title":"How to Trim a Goat's Hooves","slug":"how-to-trim-a-goats-hooves","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/206067"}},{"articleId":193166,"title":"Asking the Right Questions before Buying Goats","slug":"asking-the-right-questions-before-buying-goats","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/193166"}}],"fromCategory":[{"articleId":285579,"title":"10 Common Mistakes First-Time Goat Owners Make","slug":"10-common-mistakes-first-time-goat-owners-make","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/285579"}},{"articleId":285590,"title":"Goat Anatomy","slug":"goat-anatomy","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/285590"}},{"articleId":209109,"title":"Raising Goats For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"raising-goats-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/209109"}},{"articleId":206067,"title":"How to Trim a Goat's Hooves","slug":"how-to-trim-a-goats-hooves","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/206067"}},{"articleId":193166,"title":"Asking the Right Questions before Buying Goats","slug":"asking-the-right-questions-before-buying-goats","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/193166"}}]},"hasRelatedBookFromSearch":false,"relatedBook":{"bookId":282526,"slug":"raising-goats-for-dummies","isbn":"9781119772583","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"amazon":{"default":"//www.amazon.com/gp/product/1119772583/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","ca":"//www.amazon.ca/gp/product/1119772583/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","indigo_ca":"//www.tkqlhce.com/click-9208661-13710633?url=//www.chapters.indigo.ca/en-ca/books/product/1119772583-item.html&cjsku=978111945484","gb":"//www.amazon.co.uk/gp/product/1119772583/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","de":"//www.amazon.de/gp/product/1119772583/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20"},"image":{"src":"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/raising-goats-for-dummies-2nd-edition-cover-9781119772583-203x255.jpg","width":203,"height":255},"title":"Raising Goats For Dummies","testBankPinActivationLink":"","bookOutOfPrint":true,"authorsInfo":"<p><b><b data-author-id=\"10196\">Cheryl K. Smith</b></b> has raised a small herd of Nigerian Dwarf and Oberian dairy goats under the herd name Mystic Acres since 1998. She is the owner of karmadillo Press and is the author of <i>Goat Health Care, Goat Midwifery, The Best of Ruminations Goat Milk and Cheese Recipes,</i> and <i>Raising Goats: Some Essentials</i>.</p>","authors":[{"authorId":10196,"name":"Cheryl K. Smith","slug":"cheryl-k-smith","description":" <p><b>Cheryl K. Smith</b> has raised a small herd of Nigerian Dwarf and Oberian dairy goats under the herd name Mystic Acres since 1998. She is the owner of karmadillo Press and is the author of <i>Goat Health Care, Goat Midwifery, The Best of Ruminations Goat Milk and Cheese Recipes,</i> and <i>Raising Goats: Some Essentials</i>.</p> ","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/10196"}}],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/books/"}},"collections":[],"articleAds":{"footerAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;home-auto-hobbies&quot;,&quot;hobby-farming&quot;,&quot;goats&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9781119772583&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-63221b4fdd51a\"></div></div>","rightAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_right_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_right_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;home-auto-hobbies&quot;,&quot;hobby-farming&quot;,&quot;goats&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9781119772583&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-63221b4fdda60\"></div></div>"},"articleType":{"articleType":"Articles","articleList":null,"content":null,"videoInfo":{"videoId":null,"name":null,"accountId":null,"playerId":null,"thumbnailUrl":null,"description":null,"uploadDate":null}},"sponsorship":{"sponsorshipPage":false,"backgroundImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"brandingLine":"","brandingLink":"","brandingLogo":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"sponsorAd":"","sponsorEbookTitle":"","sponsorEbookLink":"","sponsorEbookImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0}},"primaryLearningPath":"Explore","lifeExpectancy":"Five years","lifeExpectancySetFrom":"2022-06-20T00:00:00+00:00","dummiesForKids":"no","sponsoredContent":"no","adInfo":"","adPairKey":[]},"status":"publish","visibility":"public","articleId":191983},{"headers":{"creationTime":"2017-03-26T21:17:10+00:00","modifiedTime":"2023-09-01T17:49:58+00:00","timestamp":"2023-09-14T18:19:59+00:00"},"data":{"breadcrumbs":[{"name":"Home, Auto, & Hobbies","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33809"},"slug":"home-auto-hobbies","categoryId":33809},{"name":"Hobby Farming","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33933"},"slug":"hobby-farming","categoryId":33933},{"name":"Goats","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33937"},"slug":"goats","categoryId":33937}],"title":"Ideas for Building Inexpensive Goat Shelters","strippedTitle":"ideas for building inexpensive goat shelters","slug":"ideas-for-building-inexpensive-goat-shelters","canonicalUrl":"","浏览手机搜字段擎SEO方案":{"metaDescription":"Before you bring your goats home, you need to build them a shelter. Goatkeepers have come up with a lot of different ideas for goat shelters. These can range fr","noIndex":0,"noFollow":0},"content":"Before you bring your goats home, you need to build them a shelter. Goatkeepers have come up with a lot of different ideas for goat shelters. These can range from a \"Taj Mahal,\" if you have space and a lot of money to spend, to a very simple shelter when you don't have land or money.\r\n<p class=\"Remember\">Before you build your shelter, find a flat, dry area where the shelter will sit level. Don't plan a shelter next to a fence, or your goats will soon be on the other side of the fence. They love to jump on things!</p>\r\nHere are some ideas for simple economical goat shelters that you can build:\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Used pallets:</b> Build a simple three-sided shelter made from wood pallets covered with plywood. You can get free pallets from factories, building sites, large farms, and farm stores. You need to purchase two-by-fours, plywood, and roofing materials. The shelter shown here has a wood floor and a roof made from leftover metal roofing. Two to four medium-sized goats can sleep comfortably in this shelter out of the rain or sun.</p>\r\n\r\n<div class=\"imageBlock\" style=\"width: 535px;\">\r\n\r\n<img src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/207584.image0.jpg\" alt=\"Old roofing material and pallets can become a sleeping shelter for goats.\" width=\"535\" height=\"351\" />\r\n<div class=\"imageCaption\">Old roofing material and pallets can become a sleeping shelter for goats.</div>\r\n</div></li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Cattle panel and tarp Quonset hut:</b> This kind of shelter can work well for meat goats in a milder climate. It is open on both ends. Because the heavy cattle panel is strong enough to withstand snow, this shelter could work in harsher climates if you build it next to a barn as an adjunct shelter. Directions for building one are at <a href=\"//southeastllamarescue.org/hoopshelter.pdf\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\">southeastllamarescue.org</a>.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Dog run:</b> A dog run works well for a few small goats in a back yard. You can purchase a cover made with a tarp and in colder weather you can put tarps all the way or partly around it. Or you can put in a dog house for sleeping quarters. If it is covered on top, and also because of its height, it provides nighttime security after you latch the door because other animals can't get over and into it.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Wood frame shelter:</b> You can make a wood frame shelter of any size and use metal or regular shingle roofing. As long as the area has proper drainage, you don't need to put a floor in the shelter. Just cover the dirt with plenty of bedding. You can make this kind of shelter with a door, partially enclosed on one side or open on one side.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>","description":"Before you bring your goats home, you need to build them a shelter. Goatkeepers have come up with a lot of different ideas for goat shelters. These can range from a \"Taj Mahal,\" if you have space and a lot of money to spend, to a very simple shelter when you don't have land or money.\r\n<p class=\"Remember\">Before you build your shelter, find a flat, dry area where the shelter will sit level. Don't plan a shelter next to a fence, or your goats will soon be on the other side of the fence. They love to jump on things!</p>\r\nHere are some ideas for simple economical goat shelters that you can build:\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Used pallets:</b> Build a simple three-sided shelter made from wood pallets covered with plywood. You can get free pallets from factories, building sites, large farms, and farm stores. You need to purchase two-by-fours, plywood, and roofing materials. The shelter shown here has a wood floor and a roof made from leftover metal roofing. Two to four medium-sized goats can sleep comfortably in this shelter out of the rain or sun.</p>\r\n\r\n<div class=\"imageBlock\" style=\"width: 535px;\">\r\n\r\n<img src=\"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/207584.image0.jpg\" alt=\"Old roofing material and pallets can become a sleeping shelter for goats.\" width=\"535\" height=\"351\" />\r\n<div class=\"imageCaption\">Old roofing material and pallets can become a sleeping shelter for goats.</div>\r\n</div></li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Cattle panel and tarp Quonset hut:</b> This kind of shelter can work well for meat goats in a milder climate. It is open on both ends. Because the heavy cattle panel is strong enough to withstand snow, this shelter could work in harsher climates if you build it next to a barn as an adjunct shelter. Directions for building one are at <a href=\"//southeastllamarescue.org/hoopshelter.pdf\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener\">southeastllamarescue.org</a>.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Dog run:</b> A dog run works well for a few small goats in a back yard. You can purchase a cover made with a tarp and in colder weather you can put tarps all the way or partly around it. Or you can put in a dog house for sleeping quarters. If it is covered on top, and also because of its height, it provides nighttime security after you latch the door because other animals can't get over and into it.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\"><b>Wood frame shelter:</b> You can make a wood frame shelter of any size and use metal or regular shingle roofing. As long as the area has proper drainage, you don't need to put a floor in the shelter. Just cover the dirt with plenty of bedding. You can make this kind of shelter with a door, partially enclosed on one side or open on one side.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>","blurb":"","authors":[{"authorId":10196,"name":"Cheryl K. Smith","slug":"cheryl-k-smith","description":" <p><b>Cheryl K. Smith</b> has raised a small herd of Nigerian Dwarf and Oberian dairy goats under the herd name Mystic Acres since 1998. She is the owner of karmadillo Press and is the author of <i>Goat Health Care, Goat Midwifery, The Best of Ruminations Goat Milk and Cheese Recipes,</i> and <i>Raising Goats: Some Essentials</i>.</p> ","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/10196"}}],"primaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":33937,"title":"Goats","slug":"goats","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33937"}},"secondaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"tertiaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"trendingArticles":null,"inThisArticle":[],"relatedArticles":{"fromBook":[{"articleId":285579,"title":"10 Common Mistakes First-Time Goat Owners Make","slug":"10-common-mistakes-first-time-goat-owners-make","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/285579"}},{"articleId":285590,"title":"Goat Anatomy","slug":"goat-anatomy","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/285590"}},{"articleId":209109,"title":"Raising Goats For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"raising-goats-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/209109"}},{"articleId":206067,"title":"How to Trim a Goat's Hooves","slug":"how-to-trim-a-goats-hooves","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/206067"}},{"articleId":193166,"title":"Asking the Right Questions before Buying Goats","slug":"asking-the-right-questions-before-buying-goats","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/193166"}}],"fromCategory":[{"articleId":285579,"title":"10 Common Mistakes First-Time Goat Owners Make","slug":"10-common-mistakes-first-time-goat-owners-make","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/285579"}},{"articleId":285590,"title":"Goat Anatomy","slug":"goat-anatomy","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/285590"}},{"articleId":209109,"title":"Raising Goats For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"raising-goats-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/209109"}},{"articleId":206067,"title":"How to Trim a Goat's Hooves","slug":"how-to-trim-a-goats-hooves","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/206067"}},{"articleId":193166,"title":"Asking the Right Questions before Buying Goats","slug":"asking-the-right-questions-before-buying-goats","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/193166"}}]},"hasRelatedBookFromSearch":false,"relatedBook":{"bookId":282526,"slug":"raising-goats-for-dummies","isbn":"9781119772583","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"amazon":{"default":"//www.amazon.com/gp/product/1119772583/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","ca":"//www.amazon.ca/gp/product/1119772583/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","indigo_ca":"//www.tkqlhce.com/click-9208661-13710633?url=//www.chapters.indigo.ca/en-ca/books/product/1119772583-item.html&cjsku=978111945484","gb":"//www.amazon.co.uk/gp/product/1119772583/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","de":"//www.amazon.de/gp/product/1119772583/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20"},"image":{"src":"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/raising-goats-for-dummies-2nd-edition-cover-9781119772583-203x255.jpg","width":203,"height":255},"title":"Raising Goats For Dummies","testBankPinActivationLink":"","bookOutOfPrint":true,"authorsInfo":"<p><b><b data-author-id=\"10196\">Cheryl K. Smith</b></b> has raised a small herd of Nigerian Dwarf and Oberian dairy goats under the herd name Mystic Acres since 1998. She is the owner of karmadillo Press and is the author of <i>Goat Health Care, Goat Midwifery, The Best of Ruminations Goat Milk and Cheese Recipes,</i> and <i>Raising Goats: Some Essentials</i>.</p>","authors":[{"authorId":10196,"name":"Cheryl K. Smith","slug":"cheryl-k-smith","description":" <p><b>Cheryl K. Smith</b> has raised a small herd of Nigerian Dwarf and Oberian dairy goats under the herd name Mystic Acres since 1998. She is the owner of karmadillo Press and is the author of <i>Goat Health Care, Goat Midwifery, The Best of Ruminations Goat Milk and Cheese Recipes,</i> and <i>Raising Goats: Some Essentials</i>.</p> ","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/10196"}}],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/books/"}},"collections":[],"articleAds":{"footerAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_adhesion_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;home-auto-hobbies&quot;,&quot;hobby-farming&quot;,&quot;goats&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9781119772583&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-63221b4fc63e0\"></div></div>","rightAd":"<div class=\"du-ad-region row\" id=\"article_page_right_ad\"><div class=\"du-ad-unit col-md-12\" data-slot-id=\"article_page_right_ad\" data-refreshed=\"false\" \r\n data-target = \"[{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;cat&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;home-auto-hobbies&quot;,&quot;hobby-farming&quot;,&quot;goats&quot;]},{&quot;key&quot;:&quot;isbn&quot;,&quot;values&quot;:[&quot;9781119772583&quot;]}]\" id=\"du-slot-63221b4fd7f0d\"></div></div>"},"articleType":{"articleType":"Articles","articleList":null,"content":null,"videoInfo":{"videoId":null,"name":null,"accountId":null,"playerId":null,"thumbnailUrl":null,"description":null,"uploadDate":null}},"sponsorship":{"sponsorshipPage":false,"backgroundImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"brandingLine":"","brandingLink":"","brandingLogo":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0},"sponsorAd":"","sponsorEbookTitle":"","sponsorEbookLink":"","sponsorEbookImage":{"src":null,"width":0,"height":0}},"primaryLearningPath":"Solve","lifeExpectancy":"Five years","lifeExpectancySetFrom":"2022-06-15T00:00:00+00:00","dummiesForKids":"no","sponsoredContent":"no","adInfo":"","adPairKey":[]},"status":"publish","visibility":"public","articleId":191991},{"headers":{"creationTime":"2017-03-26T21:17:15+00:00","modifiedTime":"2023-09-01T17:49:29+00:00","timestamp":"2023-09-14T18:19:57+00:00"},"data":{"breadcrumbs":[{"name":"Home, Auto, & Hobbies","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33809"},"slug":"home-auto-hobbies","categoryId":33809},{"name":"Hobby Farming","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33933"},"slug":"hobby-farming","categoryId":33933},{"name":"Goats","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33937"},"slug":"goats","categoryId":33937}],"title":"How to Teach Your Goats to Behave","strippedTitle":"how to teach your goats to behave","slug":"how-to-teach-your-goats-to-behave","canonicalUrl":"","浏览手机搜字段擎SEO方案":{"metaDescription":"Caring for your goats is a lot easier if your goats have some basic training and are used to being handled. Nothing is worse than having to chase down and captu","noIndex":0,"noFollow":0},"content":"Caring for your goats is a lot easier if your goats have some basic training and are used to being handled. Nothing is worse than having to chase down and capture a sick goat or having to drag and lift it into a vehicle for a vet visit. Follow these tips to raise well-mannered and manageable goats.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab1\" >Using collars</h2>\r\nCollars are a useful tool for handling goats. They’re necessary for showing a goat or getting it from one place to another, like in and out of a vehicle for transport. A collar is essential for restraining a goat when grooming, unless you have a milk stand<i>.</i>\r\n\r\nIf you have only a few goats, you can buy collars at the local pet supply store. If you have a larger herd, remember that pet or goat supply catalogs may offer discounts for bulk orders.\r\n<p class=\"Tip\">As you get more comfortable with your goats, consider using a regular dog collar when you need to control a goat and letting it go collarless the rest of the time. Goats that wear collars all the time are at risk of choking if the collar gets hooked on something.</p>\r\n\r\n<h2 id=\"tab2\" >Regular handling</h2>\r\nGoats need regular handling or they can get wild. A wild goat will run from you and struggle to get away.<i> </i>This kind of behavior presents a problem when you need to groom it or do routine maintenance and care. A goat that is handled regularly is more likely to come when called.\r\n\r\nHere are some important things to remember when you start handling a goat:\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Goats duck their heads to get away, so keep the goat’s head up with one hand under the chin and one on the top of the neck or by holding the collar up. Be careful not to choke your goat with the collar.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">To catch a fleeing goat, grab the back leg. Catching a goat by a front leg may break the leg.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Avoid chasing a goat. Try luring him with food instead.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">To handle a horned goat, firmly grasp the base of the horns to lead her.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">If you expect a veterinarian visit, catch the goat in advance. Restrain the goat in a pen or by tying her to a fence.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Use treats to lure a goat that is resistant to handling. Peanuts, carrots, or apple chunks are good choices.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<h2 id=\"tab3\" >Teaching basic manners</h2>\r\nGoats need basic manners so they don’t hurt you or someone else, especially if they have horns. For mannerly goats, follow these tips and share them with any visitors to your goat herd:\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Never push on a goat’s head. Pushing simulates butting and teaches the goat that butting humans is all right.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Never let a goat kid jump on you or anyone else.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Don’t let a goat stand with its front legs on you.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Lead-train your goat for basic handling.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Don’t let children chase or ride your goats. In addition to making them more fearful, being ridden can break the goats' backs.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>","description":"Caring for your goats is a lot easier if your goats have some basic training and are used to being handled. Nothing is worse than having to chase down and capture a sick goat or having to drag and lift it into a vehicle for a vet visit. Follow these tips to raise well-mannered and manageable goats.\r\n<h2 id=\"tab1\" >Using collars</h2>\r\nCollars are a useful tool for handling goats. They’re necessary for showing a goat or getting it from one place to another, like in and out of a vehicle for transport. A collar is essential for restraining a goat when grooming, unless you have a milk stand<i>.</i>\r\n\r\nIf you have only a few goats, you can buy collars at the local pet supply store. If you have a larger herd, remember that pet or goat supply catalogs may offer discounts for bulk orders.\r\n<p class=\"Tip\">As you get more comfortable with your goats, consider using a regular dog collar when you need to control a goat and letting it go collarless the rest of the time. Goats that wear collars all the time are at risk of choking if the collar gets hooked on something.</p>\r\n\r\n<h2 id=\"tab2\" >Regular handling</h2>\r\nGoats need regular handling or they can get wild. A wild goat will run from you and struggle to get away.<i> </i>This kind of behavior presents a problem when you need to groom it or do routine maintenance and care. A goat that is handled regularly is more likely to come when called.\r\n\r\nHere are some important things to remember when you start handling a goat:\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Goats duck their heads to get away, so keep the goat’s head up with one hand under the chin and one on the top of the neck or by holding the collar up. Be careful not to choke your goat with the collar.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">To catch a fleeing goat, grab the back leg. Catching a goat by a front leg may break the leg.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Avoid chasing a goat. Try luring him with food instead.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">To handle a horned goat, firmly grasp the base of the horns to lead her.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">If you expect a veterinarian visit, catch the goat in advance. Restrain the goat in a pen or by tying her to a fence.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Use treats to lure a goat that is resistant to handling. Peanuts, carrots, or apple chunks are good choices.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>\r\n<h2 id=\"tab3\" >Teaching basic manners</h2>\r\nGoats need basic manners so they don’t hurt you or someone else, especially if they have horns. For mannerly goats, follow these tips and share them with any visitors to your goat herd:\r\n<ul class=\"level-one\">\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Never push on a goat’s head. Pushing simulates butting and teaches the goat that butting humans is all right.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Never let a goat kid jump on you or anyone else.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Don’t let a goat stand with its front legs on you.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Lead-train your goat for basic handling.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n \t<li>\r\n<p class=\"first-para\">Don’t let children chase or ride your goats. In addition to making them more fearful, being ridden can break the goats' backs.</p>\r\n</li>\r\n</ul>","blurb":"","authors":[{"authorId":10196,"name":"Cheryl K. Smith","slug":"cheryl-k-smith","description":" <p><b>Cheryl K. Smith</b> has raised a small herd of Nigerian Dwarf and Oberian dairy goats under the herd name Mystic Acres since 1998. She is the owner of karmadillo Press and is the author of <i>Goat Health Care, Goat Midwifery, The Best of Ruminations Goat Milk and Cheese Recipes,</i> and <i>Raising Goats: Some Essentials</i>.</p> ","hasArticle":false,"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/authors/10196"}}],"primaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":33937,"title":"Goats","slug":"goats","_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/categories/33937"}},"secondaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"tertiaryCategoryTaxonomy":{"categoryId":0,"title":null,"slug":null,"_links":null},"trendingArticles":null,"inThisArticle":[{"label":"Using collars","target":"#tab1"},{"label":"Regular handling","target":"#tab2"},{"label":"Teaching basic manners","target":"#tab3"}],"relatedArticles":{"fromBook":[{"articleId":285579,"title":"10 Common Mistakes First-Time Goat Owners Make","slug":"10-common-mistakes-first-time-goat-owners-make","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/285579"}},{"articleId":285590,"title":"Goat Anatomy","slug":"goat-anatomy","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/285590"}},{"articleId":209109,"title":"Raising Goats For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"raising-goats-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/209109"}},{"articleId":206067,"title":"How to Trim a Goat's Hooves","slug":"how-to-trim-a-goats-hooves","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/206067"}},{"articleId":193166,"title":"Asking the Right Questions before Buying Goats","slug":"asking-the-right-questions-before-buying-goats","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/193166"}}],"fromCategory":[{"articleId":285579,"title":"10 Common Mistakes First-Time Goat Owners Make","slug":"10-common-mistakes-first-time-goat-owners-make","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/285579"}},{"articleId":285590,"title":"Goat Anatomy","slug":"goat-anatomy","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/285590"}},{"articleId":209109,"title":"Raising Goats For Dummies Cheat Sheet","slug":"raising-goats-for-dummies-cheat-sheet","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/209109"}},{"articleId":206067,"title":"How to Trim a Goat's Hooves","slug":"how-to-trim-a-goats-hooves","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/206067"}},{"articleId":193166,"title":"Asking the Right Questions before Buying Goats","slug":"asking-the-right-questions-before-buying-goats","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"_links":{"self":"//dummies-api.coursofppt.com/v2/articles/193166"}}]},"hasRelatedBookFromSearch":false,"relatedBook":{"bookId":282526,"slug":"raising-goats-for-dummies","isbn":"9781119772583","categoryList":["home-auto-hobbies","hobby-farming","goats"],"amazon":{"default":"//www.amazon.com/gp/product/1119772583/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","ca":"//www.amazon.ca/gp/product/1119772583/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","indigo_ca":"//www.tkqlhce.com/click-9208661-13710633?url=//www.chapters.indigo.ca/en-ca/books/product/1119772583-item.html&cjsku=978111945484","gb":"//www.amazon.co.uk/gp/product/1119772583/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20","de":"//www.amazon.de/gp/product/1119772583/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=wiley01-20"},"image":{"src":"//www.coursofppt.com/wp-content/uploads/raising-goats-for-dummies-2nd-edition-cover-9781119772583-203x255.jpg","width":203,"height":255},"title":"Raising Goats For Dummies","testBankPinActivationLink":"","bookOutOfPrint":true,"authorsInfo":"<p><b><b data-author-id=\"10196\">Cheryl K. 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